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1.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 988-991, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-752482

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the methods of screening specific aptamers for (EpCAM)Gpositive prostate cancer (PCa)cells by cellGSELEX technique.Methods A random DNA library was designed to screen EpCAMGspecific DNA aptamers from human prostate cancer cells expressing EpCAM molecule by cellGSELEX technique.After 12 rounds of in vitro screening,DNA products were cloned and sequenced.Flow cytometry and cellular immunofluorescence were used to detect the specific binding ability of aptamers to target cells.Results Two aptamers of Ep1 and Ep2 were selected.Both of them could specifically bind to EpCAMGpositive cancer cells LNCap,PCG3 ,DU1 45 , and HEK293T cells transfected with target molecule.The binding rates of Ep1 were 61.0%,74.3%,5 9.1% and 60.3%.The binding rates of Ep2 were 65.1%,77.8%,54.2% and 58.3%.Neither of them could bind to HEK293T cells transfected with empty vector with the binding rate of 5.4% in Ep1 and 3.3% in Ep2,respectively.Flow cytometry analysis and confocal images indicated that the EpCAM aptamers could specifically recognize human PCa cells expressing EpCAM,but could not bind to EpCAMGnegative cells.Conclusion EpCAM aptamers derived from cellGSELEX technology can recognize and bind to EpCAMGpositive PCa cells specifically,which may provide new ideas for the specific diagnosis and targeted therapy of prostate cancer,and lay an experimental basis for the other specific diagnosis and treatment schemes of malignant tumors.

2.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 370-372, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-609736

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the perioperative nursing measures and their effectiveness for patients with malignant airway stenosis who are receiving airway stent implantation once more due to airway re-stenosis.Methods The clinical data of 7 patients,who received airway stent implantation once more due to airway re-stenosis during the period from May 2014 to July 2016,were retrospectively analyzed.The effectiveness of nursing intervention for stent implantation was assessed.Results The symptoms of dyspnea were relieved immediately after the stent re-placement procedure in all the 7 patients,and no severe complications,such as massive hemorrhage,respiratory failure or asphyxia occurred.Conclusion The key points to ensure a successful second airway stent implantation include following measures and preparations:cooperation mode of medical care integration,preoperative individualized psychological intervention,guiding the patients to cooperate with the treatment,ready for in-operation emergency rescue,rapid and effective assistant cooperation for stent placement,and postoperative close observation for the occurrence of respiratory tract infection,bleeding and other complications.

3.
Journal of Interventional Radiology ; (12): 660-664, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615296

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical application value of Omaha system-based targeting nursing care for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who were treated with transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE).Methods A total of 60 advanced HCC patients,who were planned to receive TACE,were prospectively and randomly divided into the control group (n=30) and the observation group (n=30).Routine nursing mode was adopted for the patients in the control group,while Omaha system nursing model was employed for the patients in the observation group.The patients of the observation group were evaluated with Omaha system at the time of admission,the key common problems were screened out and targeted nursing measures were employed.Meanwhile,on the days of admission and discharge all the patients of both groups were asked to fill in the forms of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD-17),Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA),social support rating scale (SSQ) and numerical pain rating scale (NRS);and the degrees of depression,anxiety,social support and pain were respectively assessed.Results Both nursing modes could improve the degrees of depression and anxiety as well as the social support system of HCC patients,but the curative effect of these two aspects in the observation group were obviously better than those in the control group (P<0.05).No statistically significant difference in the improvement of pain degree existed between the two nursing models,but Omaha system-based targeting nursing mode could alleviate the patient's pain to a certain extent.Conclusion For patients with advanced HCC,Omaha system-based targeting nursing care can alleviate the patient's negative emotion and promote the patients to establish effective social support system,this nursing mode is superior to conventional nursing mode.Therefore,Omaha system-based targeting nursing has great application potential in clinical practice.

4.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 1136-1139, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461368

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the conventional MRI and DWI features of prostatic abscess.Methods 8 patients with path-ologically and clinically proved prostatic abscess who were performed MRI examination in our institution were enrolled in this study. Among them,2 patients underwent CT examination and 7 patients were performed DWI examination (b = 0 and 1 000 s/mm2 ). Their CT,conventional MRI and DWI features were retrospectively analyzed.The ADC value between prostatic abscess and normal prostate tissues were compared by using paired t test.Statistical significance was inferred at P <0.05.Results 2 patients with 3 fo-cal abscesses,2 patients with 2 focal abscesses,and 4 patients with only one focal abscess.4 abscesses perforated the prostate cap-sule and involved the fat gap in front of the rectum.Prostatic abscess showed low hypointensity on T1 WI,hyperintensity on T2 WI and DWI.2 focal abscesses with low signal areas consistent both on T1 WI and T2 WI of gas.The mean ADCs of prostatic abscess were (0.854±0.223)×10 -3 mm2/s ,which were significantly lower than those of prostate tissues (1.41 6±0.1 68 )×10 -3 mm2/s (P <0.05).Conclusion Prostatic abscess has characteristic feature on MRI,and shows restricted diffusion on DWI.MRI can clearly display their size,number and invasive condition of the circumambient organs.Thus should be considered as an optimal method in the diagnosis of prostatic abscess.

5.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 584-586,595, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-600581

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the display and source of the artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head on en-hanced CT,and to investigate its clinical value.Methods Imaging data of 200 consecutive patients who underwent abdominal CT scan were collected,and their CT images were analyzed.The reconstructed images were obtained at a post-processing workstation. After reconstruction,the display rate,source and branches of the artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head were analyzed,and the diameters of these vessels were measured.Results The arterial vessel located at anterolateral region next to pan-creatic head was found on axial CT image in arterial phase with a display rate of 100%.By using post-reconstruction images,most vessels were gastroduodenal artery with mean diameter of 0.33 cm± 0.05 cm,and other ones were pancreaticoduodenal artery or right gastroomental artery.Conclusion The artery located at anterolateral region next to pancreatic head can be found on axial ab-dominal CT image in the arterial phase.Most vessels are gastroduodenal artery with a fixed position and traveling.

6.
Journal of Practical Radiology ; (12): 795-798, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446039

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the value of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)in clinic ,pathology and prognosis of rectal cancer. Methods The MRI and DWI findings of 109 patients with pathological proved rectal adenocarcinoma were retrospectively analyzed. DWI with b=0 s/mm2 and b= 1 000 s/mm2 were acquired.Mean tumor ADCs were measured and compared between subgroups stratified by histologic differentiation grades,T-stage,N-stage,mesorectal fascia status and presence of lymphangiovascular or peri-neral invasion.Results Mean tumor ADCs were significantly different when comparing groups stratified by histologic differentiation grades,T-stage,mesorectal fascia status and presence of lymphangiovascular invasion.Tukey’s post hoc test showed that the differences of mean ADCs between good-moderate differentiated group and moderate differentiated group(P =0.996),moderate-poor differentiated group and poor differentiated group(P =0.957)were not significant.The differences among other groups of differentia-tion grades differed significantly(P 0.05).There were no sig-nificant differences among N0,N1 and N2 in N-stage groups(P >0.05).Conclusion ADC values can reflect pathologic and prognos-tic features of rectal cancer.

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