Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 88
Filter
1.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 105-112, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015145

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the microscopic structure and morphological characteristics of Zebrafish eyeball and retina at different developmental stages, and to lay a foundation for visual research model. Methods Select eight groups of zebrafish at different ages, with six fish in each group, 48 fish in total. Optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the eyeball structure of Zebrafish at different developmental stages, and the thickness of retinal each layer was measured to analyze the temporal and spatial development pattern. The morphological characteristics of various cells in the retina and the way of nerve connection were observed from the microscopic and ultrastructural aspects, especially the structural differences between rod cells and cone cells. Results The retina of Zebrafish can be divided into ten layers including retinal pigment epithelial layer, rod cells and cone cells layer, outer limiting membrane, outer nuclear layer, outer plexiform layer, inner nuclear layer, inner plexiform layer, ganglion cell layer, nerve fiber layer, inner limiting membrane. Rod cells had a smaller nucleus and a higher electron density than cone cells. Photoreceptor terminals were neatly arranged in the outer plexiform layer, forming neural connections with horizontal cells and bipolar cells, and several synaptic ribbons are clearly visible within them. In Zebrafish retina, ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer are the earliest developed. With the growth and development of Zebrafish, the thickness of rod cells and cone cells layer and retinal pigment epithelial layer gradually increases, and the retinal structure was basically developed in about 10 weeks. Conclusion The retinal structure of Zebrafish is typical, with obvious stratification and highly differentiated nerve cells. There are abundant neural connections in the outer plexiform layer. The ocular development characteristics of Zebrafish are similar to those of most mammals.

2.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 501-507, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992854

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of transapical catheter of mitral valve repair (MVR) with Memoclip device in the management of moderate to severe and severe mitral regurgitation (MR) guided by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE).Methods:Fifteen patients with moderate to severe and severe MR in Hefei High-tech Cardiovascular Hospital from December 2021 to October 2022 were prospectively selected. Mitral valve morphology and length, regurgitation severity, left ventricular ejection fraction and pulmonary venous Doppler spectra were carefully evaluated before MVR by TEE.Intraprocedural TEE was performed to guide the MVR including transseptal catheterization, alignment of the clip delivery system, assessment of leaflet capture, clip deployment, post-clip deployment assessment, and withdrawal of the clip delivery system. The position and coaptation length of the clips, the mitral orifice morphology, residual mitral valve regurgitation and pressure gradient were evaluated after MVR.Meanwhile, the complications were monitored throughout the procedure.Results:Among the 15 patients, 12 were implanted with 1 clip and 3 were implanted with 2 clips, respectively. No complications occurred. There were 13 patients with mild regurgitation and 2 showed to moderate mitral regurgitation 1 month later after MVR, and 13 remained mild and 2 maintained moderate regurgitation 3 months later. Significant differences were found in maximal MR area (MRA-max), maximal and mean mitral valve pressure gradient (MVPG-max, MVPG-mean) and mitral valve area (MVA) among the 5 observation time points (all P<0.05). MRA-max, MVA and MVPG-mean were significantly decreased immediately and 3 months after the procedure ( P<0.001). No significant stenosis was found in mitral valve after MVR. Conclusions:MVR with Memoclip is safe, effective, easy to operate in treating patients with moderate to severe and severe MR. TEE plays a key role in perioperative MVR with Memoclip through apical catheterization.

3.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 675-678, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991692

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the external quality control assessment results of urinary iodine, salt iodine and water iodine in iodine deficiency disorders laboratories in Qinghai Province, to evaluate the testing capacity of provincial, municipal and county-level laboratories and the operation of external quality control network, so as to provide quality assurance for consolidating and eliminating iodine deficiency disorders.Methods:In 2021, 1 provincial, 8 municipal, and 43 county-level laboratories in Qinghai Province had participated in the assessment of urinary iodine and salt iodine, while 1 provincial and 8 municipal-level laboratories had participated in the assessment of water iodine. The assessment results were evaluated using the method of reference value ± uncertainty of external quality control samples.Results:All laboratories that participated in the assessment had provided feedback. One provincial-level laboratory passed the assessment of urinary iodine, salt iodine, and water iodine. Among 8 municipal-level laboratories, 2 laboratories failed the urinary iodine assessment, with a pass rate of 6/8; the assessment of salt iodine and water iodine in 8 laboratories were all qualified. Among 43 county-level laboratories, 7 laboratories failed the urinary iodine assessment, with a pass rate of 83.7% (36/43); the assessment of salt iodine in 43 laboratories were all qualified.Conclusions:The external quality control network of iodine deficiency disorders laboratories in Qinghai Province has fully covered all municipal and county-level laboratories. The testing capability of provincial-level laboratory is stable and maintains a high level; the testing quality of some municipal and county-level laboratories is still unstable and needs to be further strengthened.

4.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 310-313, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991626

ABSTRACT

Objective:To follow up the iodine nutrition and intellectual development of school children aged 8-10 years old in Nangqian County of Qinghai Province after 9 years of the implementation of iodine deficiency disorders intervention measures with iodine supplement as the main measure.Methods:In order to improve the iodine nutritional status of the population in Nangqian County, free iodized salt distribution, health education and other intervention measures for iodine deficiency disorders were implemented for 9 consecutive years since 2013. In May 2012 (before iodine supplementation) and September 2021 (after iodine supplementation), the same 5 townships (towns) were selected, and children aged 8-10 years old (half male and half female, age balanced) born locally in the central primary school of each township (town) were selected as the survey subjects. Household edible salt samples and random urine samples were collected for salt iodine and urinary iodine detection; the second revised version of the Chinese Combined Raven's Test (rural version) was used to assess the intelligence quotient (IQ) of children. The Flynn effect (FE) gain was used to adjust IQ, the corrected IQ = (IQ starting point value - current year's IQ value) - FE gain (calculated by 0.74/year). The differences of salt iodine and urinary iodine related indexes, IQ value and corrected IQ were compared before and after iodine supplementation.Results:After iodine supplementation, the coverage rate of iodized salt reached 100.00% (300/300), and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt reached95.00% (285/300), the median urinary iodine increased to 157.20 μg/L, and all indexes met the elimination standard of iodine deficiency disorders. The IQ value of children aged 8-10 years old after iodine supplementation was 99.00 ± 14.90, significantly higher than that before iodine supplementation (82.00 ± 13.20, F = 156.82, P < 0.001). The FE gain in 9 years was 6.66, and the actual IQ gain of children aged 8-10 years old after iodine supplementation was 10.34. There were statistically significant differences in IQ value before and after iodine supplementation in male and female children ( F = 78.84, 78.88, P < 0.001). After iodine supplementation, there was a statistically significant difference in IQ value between children in the 8-year-old group and the 10-year-old group ( P = 0.010). There were statistically significant differences in IQ value before and after iodine supplementation in 8, 9 and 10 years old groups ( F = 55.23, 65.79, 36.85, P < 0.001). Conclusion:Intervention measures for iodine deficiency disorders, mainly iodine supplement, can significantly improve the iodine nutrition status of children aged 8-10 years old, and significantly promote the intellectual development of children.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2265-2271, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981358

ABSTRACT

The leaves of Vernonia amygdalina Delile of the family Asteraceae(also known as "bitter leaf"), rich in biological activities, are used as both medicine and food for a long time in West tropical Africa. They have been introduced into Southeast Asia and Fujian and Guangdong provinces of China in recent years. However, little is known about the properties of the plant in traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), which limits its combination with other Chinese medicinal herbs. In this study, 473 articles on V. amygdalina leaves were selected from PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, Wanfang Data and VIP to summarize their components, pharmacological effects and clinical research. V. amygdalina leaves presented anti-microbial, hypoglycemic, anti-hypertensive, lipid-lowering, anti-tumor, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and other pharmacological effects. On the basis of the theory of TCM properties, the leaves were inferred to be cold in property and bitter and sweet in flavor, acting on spleen, liver, stomach and large intestine and with the functions of clearing heat, drying dampness, purging fire, removing toxin, killing insects and preventing attack of malaria. They can be used to treat dampness-heat diarrhea, interior heat and diabetes, malaria, insect accumulation and eczema(5-10 g dry leaves by decoction per day and an appropriate amount of crushed fresh leaves applying to the affected area for external use). Due to the lack of TCM properties, V. amygdalina leaves are rarely used medicinally in China. The determination of medicinal properties of the leaves is conducive to the introduction of new exotic medicinal herbs and the development of new TCM resources, which facilitated further clinical application and research and development of Chinese medicinal herbs.


Subject(s)
Antioxidants , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Leaves , Plants, Medicinal , Vernonia
6.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 270-276, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the molecular mechanism of excessive iodine induced experimental autoimmune thyroiditis (EAT) in mice.Methods:Sixty female non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice were selected and divided into 5 groups according to body weight [(25 ± 3) g] via the random number table method, with 12 mice in each group: control group (group A), 10-fold high iodine group (group B), 100-fold high iodine group (group C), 1 000-fold high iodine group (group D) and 1 000-fold high iodine combined with polyinosinic acid-polycytidylic acid [Poly (I:C)] group (group E). The experiment period was 16 weeks. Mice in each group drank purified water with sodium iodine (NaI) content of 0.000, 0.005, 0.050, 0.500 and 0.500 mg/L, respectively; mice in group E were intraperitoneally injected with Poly (I:C) at week 7 and week 15, respectively. At the end of the 16th week, mice were dissected and blood samples and thyroid tissue were taken. The levels of serum thyroid function indexes [thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free triiodothyronine (FT 3), free thyroxine (FT 4), and thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb)] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA); the pathological changes of thyroid tissue were observed after hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining; differentially expressed genes in thyroid tissue were detected by RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq), and analyzed by KEGG pathway; mRNA and protein levels of p38, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and chemokine 10 (CXCL10) in thyroid tissue were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) and Western blotting, respectively. Results:There were statistically significant differences in serum levels of TSH (ng/ml: 6.53 ± 0.86, 6.61 ± 0.82, 7.68 ± 0.55, 7.93 ± 0.60, 8.73 ± 1.60), FT 3 (pg/ml: 59.35 ± 10.16, 53.73 ± 10.96, 46.19 ± 8.03, 41.01 ± 8.67, 34.21 ± 11.75), FT 4 (pg/ml: 136.74 ± 10.06, 124.33 ± 14.34, 101.80 ± 6.78, 91.37 ± 6.75, 73.29 ± 17.31), and TPOAb (U/ml: 130.81 ± 24.53, 145.47 ± 28.89, 166.52 ± 41.59, 199.78 ± 42.19, 201.99 ± 44.03) among the 5 groups of mice ( F = 4.77, 4.96, 23.12, 3.68, P < 0.05). Compared with group A, the serum TSH levels of mice in groups C, D and E were higher, the levels of FT 3 and FT 4 in groups B, C, D and E were lower, and the levels of TPOAb in groups D and E were higher, and the differences were statistically significant ( P < 0.05). HE staining showed that the thyroid follicle lesion in groups D and E was serious, and the EAT phenotype appeared in both groups. The differentially expressed genes were analyzed by KEGG pathway. Compared with group A, 8 metabolic pathways related to thyroid autoimmunity and inflammation were found in groups B, C, D and E. Further analysis found that 3 genes appeared in multiple pathways, namely p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10. There were significant differences in the mRNA levels of p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in thyroid tissue of the 5 groups of mice ( F = 14.77, 12.76, 16.39, P < 0.05); compared with group A, the mRNA levels of p38 in groups B, C, D and E were higher, and the mRNA levels of ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in groups C, D and E were higher ( P < 0.05). There were significant differences in the protein levels of p38, ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in thyroid tissue of the 5 groups of mice ( F = 7.97, 73.86, 18.02, P < 0.05); compared with group A, the protein levels of ICAM-1 and CXCL10 in groups B, C, D and E were higher ( P < 0.05). Conclusion:Excessive iodine promotes the occurrence and development of EAT in mice by up-regulating the expressions of p38 and ICAM-1 genes that are closely related to thyroid autoimmune and inflammatory responses.

7.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 554-557, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909051

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the water iodine content in Qinghai Province and draw a distribution map of water iodine, so as to provide a basis for scientific supplementation of iodine and continuous elimination of iodine deficiency hazards.Methods:In 2017, in all counties (cities, districts) in Qinghai Province, with townships (towns, streets, referred to as townships) as the unit, the residents' drinking water samples were collected, water iodine content was tested, the median water iodine was calculated, and the water iodine distribution map of Qinghai Province was drew.Results:Totally 1 836 drinking water samples were collected in 392 townships, the median water iodine was 1.7 μg/L. Townships that had the median water iodine < 5 μg/L, in the range of 5 to 10 μg/L and > 10 μg/L accounted for 80.6% (316/392), 17.1% (67/392) and 2.3% (9/392), respectively. Among all townships, the highest of the median water iodine was 24.8 μg/L. Based on the results, water iodine distribution map of Qinghai Province, water iodine distribution map of Xining City and water iodine distribution map of Haidong City were compiled.Conclusions:Iodine deficiency is widespread throughout natural environment in Qinghai Province. Hence, salt iodization measures to prevent iodine deficiency disorders should be implemented continuously. According to the water iodine distribution map, the people should be guided to supplement iodine scientifically.

8.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 898-905, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908451

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of a new internal cold circula-tion bipolar radio frequency device in open hepatectomy.Methods:The retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of 85 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent open hepatectomy at the Affiliated Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University from February 2017 to January 2020 were collected. There were 48 males and 37 females, aged from 32 to 74 years, with a median age of 52 years. Of 85 patients, 45 cases undergoing hepatectomy assisted by the new internal cold circulation bipolar radio frequency device were allocated into new internal cold circulation bipolar radio frequency device group, and 40 cases undergoing hepatectomy assisted by Habib-4X bipolar radio frequency device were allocated into Habib-4X group, respectively. Observation indicators: (1) intraoperative situations; (2) postoperative situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient, inpatient reexamination and telephone interview to detect the postoperative complications and death of patient within postoperative 30 days up to May 2020. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and independent sample t test was used for comparison between groups. Measurement data with skewed distribution were expressed as M(range), and nonparametric Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison between groups. Count data were represented as absolute numbers, and comparison between groups was analyzed using the chi-square test or Fisher exact probability. Repeated measurement data were anlyzed by the repeated ANOVA. Results:(1) Intraoperative situations: the time of crosscutting process for liver parenchyma, average area transection speed, coagulation tissue width, cases with needle bleeding rate and electrode needle charring were (55±16)minutes, (4.8±1.2)cm 2/minute, (1.4±0.2)cm, 6, 10 for the new internal cold circulation bipolar radio frequency device group, versus (64±15)minutes, (3.6±1.0)cm 2/minute, (1.8±0.2)cm, 14, 25 for the Habib-4X group, respectively, showing significant differences in the above indicators between the two groups ( t=2.665, 4.973, 9.204, χ2=5.525, 14.184, P<0.05). (2) Postoperative situations: for the new internal cold circulation bipolar radio frequency device group, the total bilirubin (TBil) was (20±12)μmol/L, (25±12)μmol/L, (20±14)μmol/L at postoperative 1, 3, 7 days, the prothrombin time (PT) was (15.4±2.2)seconds, (14.2±2.1)seconds, (12.7±0.8)seconds, the alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was (288±248)IU/L, (132±61)IU/L, (67±32)IU/L, the aspartate aminotransferase (AST) was (279±114)IU/L, (50±22)IU/L, (30±13)IU/L. For the Habib-4X group, the TBil was 1(22±15)μmol/L, (23±10)μmol/L, (19±8)μmol/L at postoperative 1, 3, 7 days, PT was (15.8±2.8)seconds, (14.3±2.0)seconds, (13.6±1.3)seconds, the ALT was (369±269)IU/L, (133±99)IU/L, (54±30)IU/L, the AST was (345±125)IU/L, (60±36)IU/L, (32±11)IU/L. There were significant differences in the time effect of PT, ALT, AST between the two groups ( F=18.364, 23.020, 93.786, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the time effect, between-group effect, interaction effect of TBil or between-group effect, interaction effect of PT, ALT, AST between the two groups ( F=2.421, 1.424, 0.522, 1.593, 0.312, 0.121, 0.267, 1.027, 0.600, P>0.05). (3) Follow-up: 85 patients were followed up for 4 to 39 months, with a median follow-up time of 16 months. There were 5 patients in the new internal cooling circulation bipolar radiofrequency device group and 8 patients in the Habib-4X group with complications, respectively, showing no significant difference in overall complications between the two groups ( χ2=1.292, P>0.05). The number of deaths in the new internal cooling circulation bipolar radio frequency device group and Habib-4X group was 0 and 1, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The new internal cold-circulating bipolar radio frequency device for open hepatectomy is safe and effective, which cuts the liver parenchyma faster, has lower carbonization rate at the tip of electrode needle, and has more accurate coagulation range.

9.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 925-930, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875904

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignant tumors, and its features of insidious onset, rapid development, and high recurrence bring great challenges to the long-term survival of HCC patients. Molecular-targeted drugs and immune checkpoint inhibitors have become the research hotspots in the treatment of HCC, and a large number of clinical trials have found that combined therapy has achieved a good clinical effect. This article mainly introduces the application of combined therapy with molecular-targeted drugs and immune checkpoint inhibitors and other combined therapies in HCC and points out that combined therapy related to systemic therapy or local therapy has become the latest research hotspot in HCC treatment.

10.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 608-612, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879901

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of rehabilitation treatment based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health-Children and Youth Version (ICF-CY) Core Sets on activities of daily living in children with cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#The children with cerebral palsy were divided into an observation group (@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the scores of the WeeFIM and Social-Life Abilities scales between the two groups before treatment (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The rehabilitation treatment regimen for cerebral palsy based on the CF-CY Core Sets pays more attention to the influence of environmental factors in the process of rehabilitation and can effectively improve the activities of daily living of children with cerebral palsy.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Activities of Daily Living , Cerebral Palsy , Disability Evaluation , International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health , Prospective Studies
11.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 331-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898726

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#To investigate the effect and the underlying mechanism of exosomes secreted by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) on diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in murine lupus. @*Methods@#and Results: Exosomes were extracted from cultured hUCMSCs by ultracentrifugation. The expressions of exosome markers (Alix, CD63 and TSG101) were measured for identification of hUCMSC-derived exosomes (hUCMSC-exosomes). The alveolar hemorrhage of DAH mice was revealed by H&E staining. The primary alveolar macrophages were isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of DAH mice. The expressions of M1 macrophage markers (iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β ) and M2 macrophage markers (Arg1, IL-10, TGF-β and chi3l3) were detected. Flow cytometry measured the ratio of M1/M2 macrophages. ELISA measured the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-β ). DAH mice had hemorrhage and small-vessel vasculitis in the lung, with neutrophil and monocyte infiltration observed around the capillary and small artery. Furthermore, increases of IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreases of IL-10 and TGF-β were detected in the BALF of DAH mice. M1 makers were overexpressed in alveolar macrophages of DAH mice while M2 makers were lowly expressed. DAH mice had a higher proportion of M1 macrophages than M2 macrophages. After hUCMSC-exosome or methylprednisolone treatment in DAH mice, the alveolar injuries and inflammatory responses were attenuated, and the proportion of M2 macrophages was increased. @*Conclusions@#hUCMSC-exosomes attenuate DAH-induced inflammatory responses and alveolar hemorrhage by regulating macrophage polarization.

12.
International Journal of Stem Cells ; : 331-340, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891022

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#To investigate the effect and the underlying mechanism of exosomes secreted by human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUCMSCs) on diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) in murine lupus. @*Methods@#and Results: Exosomes were extracted from cultured hUCMSCs by ultracentrifugation. The expressions of exosome markers (Alix, CD63 and TSG101) were measured for identification of hUCMSC-derived exosomes (hUCMSC-exosomes). The alveolar hemorrhage of DAH mice was revealed by H&E staining. The primary alveolar macrophages were isolated from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) of DAH mice. The expressions of M1 macrophage markers (iNOS, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β ) and M2 macrophage markers (Arg1, IL-10, TGF-β and chi3l3) were detected. Flow cytometry measured the ratio of M1/M2 macrophages. ELISA measured the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and anti-inflammatory cytokines (IL-10 and TGF-β ). DAH mice had hemorrhage and small-vessel vasculitis in the lung, with neutrophil and monocyte infiltration observed around the capillary and small artery. Furthermore, increases of IL-6 and TNF-α, and decreases of IL-10 and TGF-β were detected in the BALF of DAH mice. M1 makers were overexpressed in alveolar macrophages of DAH mice while M2 makers were lowly expressed. DAH mice had a higher proportion of M1 macrophages than M2 macrophages. After hUCMSC-exosome or methylprednisolone treatment in DAH mice, the alveolar injuries and inflammatory responses were attenuated, and the proportion of M2 macrophages was increased. @*Conclusions@#hUCMSC-exosomes attenuate DAH-induced inflammatory responses and alveolar hemorrhage by regulating macrophage polarization.

13.
Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy ; (12): 744-747, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of microscopic myringoplasty versus endoscopic myringoplasty in the treatment of tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media. Methods:The clinical data of 91 patients with tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media who received treatment in Jiaxing Second Hospital, China between February 2017 and March 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. These patients were divided into a control group ( n = 45) and an observation group ( n = 46) according to different surgery methods. The control group was given microscopic tympanoplasty, while the observation group was given endoscopic tympanoplasty under the otoendoscope. Results:Blood loss in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(7.2 ± 2.0) mL vs. (13.7 ± 3.1) mL, t = 11.912, P < 0.001]. Operation time in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(59.4 ± 5.4) min vs. (91.5 ± 11.2) min, t = 17.474, P < 0.001]. Postoperative pain score in the observation group was significantly lower than that in the control group [(2.9 ± 0.7) points vs. (4.8 ± 1.3) points, t = 8.707, P < 0.001]. Hospital stay in the observation group was significantly shorter than that in the control group [(4.3 ± 1.0) d vs. (6.5 ± 1.5) d, t = 8.249, P < 0.001]. Pure tone hearing thresholds at 1, 2 and 4 kHz frequencies in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group (all P < 0.05). Patient satisfaction regarding the aesthetic effect of the surgical incision in the observation group was significantly higher than that in the control group [97.8% (45/46) vs. 77.8% (35/45), χ2 = 8.604, P = 0.003]. Conclusion:Endoscopic myringoplasty has the advantages including shorter operation time, less blood loss, lower degree of pain, better hearing improvement and higher patient satisfaction over microscopic myringoplasty in the treatment of tympanic membrane perforation caused by chronic suppurative otitis media.

14.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 333-336, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To verify the revised method of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry for iodide index of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006).Methods:From July to September 2019, the Laboratory of Department for Endemic Disease Prevention and Control of Qinghai Institute for Disease Prevention and Control verified the revised method (determination of iodide in drinking water by cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry) of cerium sulfate catalytic spectrophotometry (hereinafter referred to as original method) in "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Nonmetal Parameters" (GB/T 5750.5-2006). The revised method was verified according to the requirements of "Standard Examination Methods for Drinking Water-Water Analysis Quality Control" (GB/T 5750.3-2006), including standard curve, detection limit, precision, accuracy and actual sample determination.Results:The linear range of the revised method was 0 - 20.0 μg/L, the correlation coefficient was - 0.999 4 - 0.999 8, and the detection limit was 0.231 μg/L. The relative standard deviation ( RSD) of low, medium and high iodine water samples of 6 times detection ranged from 1.4% to 9.6%, and the recoveries of low and medium water samples ranged from 89.0% to 108.0%. The detection results of national first-class reference materials for iodine composition analysis in water were within the range of standard value ± uncertainty. There was no significant difference in the test of results of 12 tap water samples between the revised method and the original standard method ( t = - 0.075, P > 0.05). Conclusion:The revised method has a good linear relationship of standard curve, high precision and accuracy, and good reproducibility, is simple and easy to operate, and is suitable for promotion and application.

15.
Chinese Journal of Endemiology ; (12): 132-136, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883679

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the dietary iodine intake of people in different areas of Qinghai Province, and to provide the basis for scientific iodine supplementation and continuous elimination of iodine deficiency hazards.Methods:From 2018 to 2019, according to administrative division, natural geographical regions, population distribution and economic development level of Qinghai Province, a total of 14 survey sites were selected. One village was selected from each survey site, and 20 households were selected from each village, the salt samples and 24 h urine samples of all family members were collected to detect salt iodine and urinary iodine. One drinking water sample was collected at the five directions of east, west, south, north and middle of each village to detect water iodine. Salt iodine was detected by direct titration, urinary iodine and water iodine were detected by arsenic-cerium catalytic spectrophotometry. At the same time, the 3-day weighing method was used to investigate the diet, the daily dietary iodine intake per capita (the result was expressed as average) and the proportion of dietary iodine in urinary iodine were calculated, the daily dietary iodine intake per capita of different production modes (agricultural region and pastoral region), different geographical environment (Hehuang Valley, Qaidam Basin, Qilian Mountain and Qingnan Plateau), different nationalities (Han, Tibetan, Hui, Mongolian, Tu, Salar) and different economic levels (< 8 000, 8 000 -, 10 000 -, ≥12 000 Yuan) were compared.Results:A total of 999 people from 280 families were surveyed, including 511 males and 488 females. The median water iodine of each survey site was less than 10 μg/L, all of which were environmentally iodine-deficient areas. A total of 280 salt samples were collected, the median salt iodine was 26.0 mg/kg, and the consumption rate of qualified iodized salt was 100% (280/280). A total of 999 urine samples were tested, and the median urinary iodine of people was 192.5 μg/L, which was at an appropriate level of iodine. There was no statistically significant difference ( t =-1.599, P > 0.05) in the daily dietary iodine intake per capita (28.53, 33.44 μg) of people in agricultural region ( n = 643) and pastoral region ( n = 356). The daily dietary iodine intake per capita (25.38, 33.30, 32.98, 34.79 μg) of people in Hehuang Valley ( n = 448), Qaidam Basin ( n = 125), Qilian Mountain ( n = 157), and Qingnan Plateau ( n = 269) were compared, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 2.883, P < 0.05); among them, the daily dietary iodine intake per capita in Hehuang Valley was lower than that in Qingnan Plateau ( P < 0.05). The daily dietary iodine intake per capita of different nationalities were compared, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 3.647, P < 0.05), Salar ( n = 68) and Tibetan ( n = 239) were higher (37.21 and 32.21 μg). The daily dietary iodine intake per capita (38.97, 17.01, 30.86, 33.14 μg) of annual per capita disposable income < 8 000 ( n = 194), 8 000-( n = 221), 10 000-( n = 302), ≥12 000 Yuan ( n = 282) were compared, the difference was statistically significant ( F = 9.407, P < 0.05). The proportions of dietary iodine in urinary iodine of various population ranged from 5.35% to 15.54%. Conclusions:The iodine nutrition of people in Qinghai Province is suitable, the dietary iodine intake of people is closely related to geographical environment, nationality and economic level. But the proportion of dietary iodine in urinary iodine is relatively low, the consumption of iodized salt is still the main way for people to intake iodine, and it is also the main measure to continuously eliminate the harm of iodine deficiency in Qinghai Province.

16.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 200-209, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883513

ABSTRACT

Alpinia officinarum Hance of the Chinese traditional herb for the treatment of emesis,abdominal pain and diarrhea has been used to counteract gastric disease induced by indomethacin in rats without obvious side effects.However,the role of herb-drug interaction between indomethacin and A.officinarum based on pharmacokinetic,tissue distribution and excretion still remains unknown.In this study,an ultra-fast liquid-tandem mass spectrometry(UFLC-MS/MS)method was developed for simultaneous determina-tion of indomethacin and its three metabolites,O-desmethylindomethacin(ODI),deschlor-obenzoylindomethacin(NDI)and indomethacin acyl-β-D-glucuronide(IDAβG)by oral administration of indomethacin solution with and without the ethanolic extract of A.officinarum and applied to comparative pharmacokinetic,tissue distribution and excretion studies.Our results clarified that oral administration of A.officinarum produced significant alterations in the pharmacokinetic parameters of indomethacin.And the pharmacokinetic interaction between indomethacin and A.officinarum reduced the systemic exposure of indomethacin and increased its elimination.Tissue distribution results demonstrated that co-administration of A.Officinarum could not reduce the accumulation of indo-methacin in the target tissue of the stomach,but could accelerate the excretions of indomethacin and its three metabolites including ODI,NDI and IDAβG in the bile and feces of rats in the excretion study.Therefore,A.Officinarum might have a gastrointestinal protective effect through the interaction role with indomethacin based on the pharmacokinetics and excretion in rats.

17.
Chinese Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics ; (24): 537-539, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882862

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic liver tumor resection in children.Methods:The clinical data of 6 children undergoing laparoscopic liver tumor resection from June 2018 to March 2020 in the Affiliated Tumor Hospital, Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed.Results:There were 4 males and 2 females among the 6 cases, with the average age of (7±2)years.All the children were admitted to the hospital with a liver occupying examination due to physical discomfort.Preoperative diagnosis: 3 cases of hepatoblastoma, 1 case of primary liver cancer, 1 case of hepatic adenoma and 1 case of hepatic nodular hyperplasia.All the children successfully completed laparoscopic liver tumor resection without conversion to open surgery.Among them, 3 children obtained left hemihepatectomy, 1 child underwent hepatic left lobectomy, 1 child was given VI hepatectomy, and 1 child accepted hepatic caudate lobectomy.The operation time was(90±9)min, and the average intraoperative blood loss was (83±26) mL.All children had no blood transfusion during or after operation.There were no bleeding, bile leakage, infection and liver failure after operation.All children had no gastric tube before surgery and the fluid diet was given on the first day after operation, and the postoperative median hospital stay was 4(3-5) days.The pathology were consis-tent with the preoperative diagnosis, and the resections were all radical operation resections.The follow-up period was from 2 to 23 months, and all the children recovered well and no recurrence was observed.Conclusions:Laparoscopic liver tumor resection in children is safe and feasible, which can minimize trauma, reduce intraoperative bleeding and shorten the hospital stay without increasing the incidence of postoperative complications.Laparoscopic liver tumor resection in children has certain advantages.

18.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 858-866, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the correlation of platelet and coagulation function with blood stasis syndrome (BSS) in coronary heart disease (CHD).@*METHODS@#The protocol for this meta-analysis was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42019129452). PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), the Cochrane Library, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) were searched from inception to 1st June, 2020. Trials were considered eligible if they enrolled BSS and non-BSS (NBSS) patients with CHD and provided information on platelet and coagulation function. The platelet function, coagulation function, and fibrinolytic activity were compared between the BSS and NBSS groups. Forest plots were generated to show the SMDs or ESs with corresponding 95% CIs for each study. Subgroup analysis and sensitivity analysis were performed to explore potential sources of heterogeneity.@*RESULTS@#The systematic search identified 1,583 articles. Thirty trials involving 10,323 patients were included in the meta-analysis. The results showed that mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width, platelet aggregation rate, platelet P selectin, fibrinogen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), thromboxane B2 (TXB2), 6-keto-prostaglandin F1alpha (6-keto-PGF1 α), and TXB2/6-keto-PGF1 α were higher in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (P<0.05 or P<0.01). Activated partial thromboplastin time was lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group in the acute phase of CHD (P<0.01). The R and K values in thromboelastography and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and t-PA/PAI-1 were lower in the BSS group than in the NBSS group (all P<0.01). No difference was found in the results of platelet count, plateletcrit, maximum amplitude, von Willebrand factor, prothrombin time, thrombin time, international normalized ratio, etc. between groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Increased platelet function, hypercoagulability, and decreased fibrinolytic activity were found among CHD patients with BSS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Coagulation , Blood Platelets , Coronary Disease , Platelet Aggregation , Tissue Plasminogen Activator
19.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 472-476, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868847

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is mostly treated by surgery combined with interventional therapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy and local treatment. However, it often relapses after the operation. And the prognosis of advanced patients is poor, and the effective rate of chemotherapy and molecular targeted therapy is low. Recent studies indicated that the occurrence and progress of HCC are closely related to the immune function of the body. Immunotherapy, as a new type of tumor therapy, has drawn much attention. By improving the immunogenicity of tumor cells and the killing sensitivity of effector cells, it stimulates the immune function of the body, prolongs the progression-free survival time and the overall survival time of patients, and becomes an integral part of the comprehensive treatment of liver cancer. This article reviewd the progress in immunotherapy of HCC in the recent years.

20.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1188-1192, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879774

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the nutritional status of children with cerebral palsy (CP) and the clinical effectiveness of Subjective Global Nutritional Assessment (SGNA) in nutritional assessment of hospitalized children with CP.@*METHODS@#A total of 208 children with CP, aged 1-5 years, who were hospitalized from April to October 2019 were enrolled as subjects. SGNA was used to investigate nutritional status, and the Z-score method recommended by the World Health Organization was used as a reference standard to validate the clinical effectiveness of SGNA.@*RESULTS@#The detection rate of malnutrition in children with CP was 42.3% by SGNA and 39.4% by the Z-score method (P>0.05). The application of SGNA showed high consistency between different evaluators (κ=0.621, P<0.001). With the Z-score method as the reference standard, SGNA had a sensitivity of 80.5%, a specificity of 82.5%, a positive predictive value of 75.0%, and a negative predictive value of 86.7%, and high consistency was observed between the two evaluation methods (κ=0.622, P<0.001). SGNA was moderately consistent with weight-for-age Z-score and height-for-age Z-score (κ=0.495 and 0.478 respectively, P<0.001) and was poorly consistent with weight-for-height Z-score (κ=0.197, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There is a relatively high incidence rate of malnutrition in children with CP. SGNA can be used as a tool to assess the nutritional status of children with CP.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Cerebral Palsy , Child, Hospitalized , Malnutrition , Nutrition Assessment , Nutritional Status , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL