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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980765

ABSTRACT

An automatic ash-removal heat-sensitive moxibustion device was developed, which could keep relatively constant temperature of heat-sensitive moxibustion, and realize the automatic ignition and automatic ash removal of moxa sticks during heat-sensitive moxibustion. The automatic ash-removal heat-sensitive moxibustion device comprises a bracket and a moxibustion box fixed on the top of the bracket; the bracket is composed of a base and a movable telescopic arm. This device can solve the problems of temperature instability, moxa ash blocking heat transfer and moxa ash falling during heat-sensitive moxibustion, avoiding the scalding caused by moxa ash falling, and reduce the workload of medical staff.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hot Temperature , Moxibustion , Temperature
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980743

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of needle-knife on the chondrocyte apoptosis of knee joint in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis (KOA) based on the CircSERPINE2-miR-1271-5P-E26 specific transformation-related gene (ERG) axis, and to explore the mechanism of needle-knife for KOA.@*METHODS@#Thirty-six New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a needle-knife group and a sham needle-knife group, 9 rabbits in each group. The rabbits in the model group, the needle-knife group and the sham needle-knife group were treated with modified Videman method to prepare KOA model. After successful modeling, the rabbits in the needle-knife group were treated with needle-knife at cord adhesion and nodules near quadriceps femoris tendon and internal and external collateral ligament on the affected knee joint; the rabbits in the sham needle-knife group were treated with sham needle-knife baside the needle insertion point of the needle-knife group (needle-knife was only inserted, without any operation). The treatment was given once a week, 3 times in total. The Lequesne MG behavioral score was used to evaluate the knee joint damage in each group before and after intervention. After intervention, HE staining and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the cartilage tissue morphology and ultrastructure of chondrocytes in the knee joint in each group; TUNEL method was used to detect the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the knee joint; real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR was used to detect the expression of CircSERPINE2, miR-1271-5P and ERG mRNA in knee cartilage tissue in each group.@*RESULTS@#After intervention, compared with the normal group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the model group was increased (P<0.01). Compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the Lequesne MG behavioral score in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01). In the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was decreased, the cell nucleus was shrunk, mitochondria was swelling or disappeared; in the needle-knife group, the number of chondrocytes and organelles was increased, the cell nucleus was not obviously shrunk and the mitochondria was not obviously swelling. Compared with the normal group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the model group was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the level of chondrocyte apoptosis in the needle-knife group was decreased (P<0.01, P<0.05). Compared with the normal group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the model group was decreased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was increased (P<0.01); compared with the model group and the sham needle-knife group, the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA in the needle-knife group was increased (P<0.01), and the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA was decreased (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Needle-knife could reduce the knee joint damage and chondrocyte apoptosis in KOA rabbits, which may be related to up-regulating the expression of CircSERPINE2 and ERG mRNA, and inhibiting the expression of miR-1271-5P mRNA.


Subject(s)
Rabbits , Animals , Osteoarthritis, Knee/metabolism , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Knee Joint/surgery , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/genetics
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1173-1180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978686

ABSTRACT

To identify the active constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients in vivo from Yin Chen Hao decoction provides scientific evidence for probing its prevention and treatment mechanism on acute liver injury. An ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) method was applied for analysis of Yin Chen Hao decoction and the serum samples of mice with con-A induced acute liver injury after preventive oral administration for 14 days (the use of all laboratory animals in this study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Naval Medical University, 19YF1459400). A total of 90 chemical constituents were identified from Yin Chen Hao decoction, mainly were flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, quinones. 5 prototype compounds were identified in the serum, including chrysophanol, deoxyrhapontin-8-O-gallate, mussaenosidic acid, herniarin, emodin. The established UPLC-QTOF/MS method could efficiently and sensitively identify the constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients of Yin Chen Hao decoction, primarily clarify the material basis of its hepatoprotective effect, and provided a scientific basis for the quality marker selection and the pharmacodynamic material basis research on the decoction.

4.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1333-1337, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007491

ABSTRACT

A moxibustion device with the functions of auricular fumigation moxibustion and heat-sensitive moxibustion is designed. The smoke of the ignited moxa stick is used for the fumigation moxibustion at the external auditory canal, while the heat generated works on Dazhui (GV 14) for heat-sensitive moxibustion. The device consists of five parts, i.e. combustion chamber, smoke pipe, smoke processing chamber, power module and connector. It solves the limitations such as unpleasant experience in treatment, unfavorable temperature control, easy scalding and excessive manual dependence induced by usual fumigation moxibustion and during heat-sensitive moxibustion. This moxibustion device may improve the safety and convenience when delivering the treatment with fumigation moxibustion and heat-sensitive moxibustion, as well as the work efficiency of medical staff.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Hot Temperature , Fumigation , Smoke , Temperature
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 364-369, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985681

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotypes and molecular genetics of fibroma of tendon sheath (FTS). Methods: One hundred and thirty-four cases of FTS or tenosynovial fibroma diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China from January 2008 to April 2019 were selected. The clinical and histologic features of these cases were retrospectively reviewed. Immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were performed on the above cases. Results: There were a total of 134 cases of FTS, including 67 males and 67 females. The patients' median age was 38 years (ranged from 2 to 85 years). The median tumor size was 1.8 cm (ranged from 0.1 to 6.8 cm). The most common site was the upper extremity (76/134, 57%). Follow-up data was available in 28 cases and there was no detectable recurrence. Classic FTS (114 cases) were well-defined and hypocellular. A few spindle-shaped fibroblasts were scattered in the dense collagenous sclerotic stroma. Characteristically elongated slit-like spaces or thin-walled vessels were observed. Most of cellular FTSs (20 cases) were well-defined and the area with increased cellularity of the spindle cells coexisted with classic FTS. There were occasional mitotic figures, but no atypical mitotic figures. Immunohistochemistry was performed in 8 cases of classic FTS and most cases were positive for SMA (5/8). Immunohistochemistry was also performed in 13 cases of cellular FTS and showed 100% positive rate for SMA. FISH was conducted on 20 cases of cellular FTS and 32 cases of classical FTS. USP6 gene rearrangement was found in 11/20 of cellular FTS. Among 12 cases of CFTS with nodular fasciitis (NF)-like morphological feature, 7 cases showed USP6 gene rearrangement. The rearrangement proportion of USP6 gene in cellular FTS without NF-like morphological features was 4/8. By contrast, 3% (1/32) of the classic FTS showed USP6 gene rearrangement. RT-PCR was performed in those cases with detected USP6 gene rearrangement and sufficient tissue samples for RT-PCR. The MYH9-USP6 fusion gene was detected in 1 case (1/8) of the cellular FTSs, while no target fusion partner was detected in the classic FTS. Conclusions: FTS is a relatively rare benign fibroblastic or myofibroblastic tumor. Our study and recent literature find that some of the classic FTS also show USP6 gene rearrangements, suggesting that classical FTS and cellular FTS are likely to be at different stages of the same disease (spectrum). FISH for USP6 gene rearrangement may be used as an important auxiliary diagnostic tool in distinguishing FTS from other tumors.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Gene Rearrangement , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Fibroma/pathology , Fasciitis/genetics , Ubiquitin Thiolesterase , Tendons/pathology
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935351

ABSTRACT

Objective: To examine the associations between metabolic syndrome (MS) and the risks for impaired activities of daily living (ADL) in the middle-aged and elderly population in China and provide basis for improving healthy life expectancy. Methods: Prospective cohort study design was used in this study. Based the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) from 2011 to 2018 and the baseline data in 2011, the follow up for ADL outcomes was conducted in 2013, 2015 and 2018 respectively, and the participants recruited in 2013 and 2015 were new baseline populations. The participants with impaired ADL in three baseline populations were excluded. Cox proportional hazard model was used to estimate the effect of different components and number of MS components on the risk for ADL impairment in the middle-aged and elderly population in China. Results: In 59 795 person-years of follow-up, a total of 1 011 cases of ADL impairments were recorded. The incidence density of ADL impairment was 16.91 per 1 000 person-year; The findings of Cox regression analysis showed that compared with the middle aged and elderly people without MS, the risk for ADL impairments was 1.29 times higher (95%CI: 1.12-1.50) for those with one component of MS, 1.32 times higher (95%CI:1.07-1.64) for those with hyperlipemia complicated with diabetes, 1.78 times higher (95%CI: 1.22-2.59) for those with obesity and one component of MS, 2.48 times higher (95%CI:1.59-3.85) for those with hypertension complicated with hyperlipemia, 3.51 times higher (95%CI:1.66-7.43) for those with hypertension complicated with diabetes, 1.80 times higher (95%CI: 1.40-2.32) for those with ≥3 MS, respectively. Compared with the middle-aged and elderly population without MS, the risk for impaired ADL increased by 30% (HR=1.30, 95%CI: 1.13-1.51), 54% (HR=1.54, 95%CI: 1.28-1.85) and 87% (HR=1.87, 95%CI:1.45-2.41), respectively, in the middle-aged and elderly with one, two, and more than three components of MS, with a significant dose-response relationship that ADL impaired risks increased as the number of MS components increased (P<0.001). Conclusions: Our findings suggested that MS is a risk factor for ADL impairment in middle-aged and elderly population in China. Prevention and early intervention of obesity, hypertension, hyperlipemia, diabetes and metabolic syndrome could help to reduce or delay the incidence of ADL impairment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Activities of Daily Living , China/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Prospective Studies
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905165

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities under the background of Health Poverty Alleviation. Methods:Descriptive statistics method was used to analyze the behavior of seeking medical care for people with disabilities based on the data of the National Health Poverty Alleviation Dynamic Management System. Results:The Three Batch action plan mainly focuses on contracted services for chronic diseases; the number of visits for people with disabilities gradually increases, the proportion of visits within the county increases, and the proportion of hospitalizations decreases. The hospitals visited are mainly secondary hospitals, township health hospitals and community health service centers, and the medical expenditure is relatively high. These phenomena are different among disability conditions. Conclusion:The behavior of people with disabilities was remarkably improved after Health Poverty Alleviation. In the future, we should consolidate the achievements of Health Poverty Alleviation, increase the prevention of chronic diseases for people with disabilities, and further improve the accessibility of medical services and the level of medical security for people with disabilities.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881046

ABSTRACT

Atherosclerosis (AS) is a chronic inflammatory disease, the main causes of which include abnormal lipid metabolism, endothelial injury, physical and chemical injury, hemodynamic injury, genetic factors and so on. These causes can lead to inflammatory injury of blood vessels and local dysfunction. Bunao-Fuyuan decoction (BNFY) is a traditional Chinese medicine compound that can treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, but its effect on AS is still unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect and mechanism of BNFY in proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) on AS. At first, the expression of α-SMA protein in ox-LDL-induced VSMCs, which was detected by immunofluorescence staining and western blot. CCK-8 technique and cloning technique were used to detect the cell proliferation of ox-LDL-induced VSMCs after adding BNFY. Meanwhile, the expression of proliferating protein Ki67 was detected by immunofluorescence staining. Western blot was also used to detect the expression of proliferation-related proteins CDK2, CyclinE1 and P27. Flow cytometry was used to detect the effect of BNFY on cell cycle. The effects of BNFY on proliferation and migration of cells were detected by cell scratch test and Transwell. Western blot was used to detect the expression of adhesion factors ICAM1, VCAM1, muc1, VE-cadherin and RHOA/ROCK-related proteins in cells. We found that the expression of AS marker α-SMA protein increased significantly and cells shriveled and a few floated on the medium after induction of ox-LDL on VSCMs. The proliferation rate of ox-LDL VSMCs decreased significantly after adding different doses of BNFY, and BNFY can inhibit cell cycle. Meanwhile, we also found that cell invasion and migration rate were significantly inhibited and related cell adhesion factors ICAM1, VCAM1, muc1 and VE-cadherin were inhibited too by BNFY. Finally, we found that BNFY inhibited the expression of RHOA, ROCK1, ROCK2, p-MLC proteins in the RHOA/ROCK signaling pathway. Therefore, we can summarize that BNFY may inhibit the proliferation and migration of atherosclerotic vascular smooth muscle cells by inhibiting the activity of RHOA/ROCK signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879099

ABSTRACT

According to the notice on revision of the instructions for traditional Chinese medicine injections(TCMIs) issued by the National Medical Products Administration(NMPA) from January 2006 to May 2020, the revised contents in the instructions for 29 varieties involved in the notice were sorted out, and the existing problems in the instructions for TCMIs were analyzed, so as to provide the basis for dynamic revision of the instructions. It was found that the revised items of instructions for 29 varieties all involved adverse reactions, contraindications and precautions, and warnings were added for 82.76% of 29 TCMIs preparations, indicating that all the revised contents were related to safety issues. In addition, 33.33% of the drugs risks mentioned in the precautions were not indicated in the adverse reactions; 82.76% instructions did not indicate drug interactions; 17.24% instructions lacked medication notes for special populations; 48.28% instructions did not indicate traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) syndromes of the main disease; 44.83% instructions did not indicate the type and stage of indication; and 86.21% instructions did not indicate the course of treatment. It could be concluded that the instructions for TCMIs have known risks of drugs that are not fully reflected in adverse reactions and the effective information is not comprehensive. The risk control measures proposed in the precautions need to have aftereffect evaluation and there is a lack of drug interactions and medications for special populations. As an important part of the full life-cycle management of drugs, the revision of instructions for TCMIs should be continuously improved to provide the basis for safe and reasonable application of TCMIs. Based on the above problems, it is proposed that the marketing license holder as the main body of the revision of instructions should actively carry out post-marketing basic and clinical research in accordance with the characteristics of TCM, combine the updated research with the guidance of TCM theory and improve the revision level of instructions for TCMIs to provide the basis for post-marketing evaluation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Syndrome
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905761

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To analyze the contents of the recommendations of stroke clinical rehabilitation guidelines in order to provide advice for the development and implementation of stroke rehabilitation guidelines.Methods PubMed, EMBASE, CNKI, China Biology Medicine disc, Wanfang databases and guideline-related websites were retrieved from the date of establishment to January 2020, to collect stroke clinical rehabilitation guidelines. The main content, recommendations based on evidence, the type of evidences, and the scope of evidence classification had been explored based on World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development-2nd Edition.Results A total of twelve guidelines were included in this study, one in Chinese and eleven in English. They were from the United States (3 guidelines), United Kingdom (3 guidelines), Canada (3 guidelines), Australia (2 guidelines) and China (1 guidelines), and published from September, 2005 to February, 2019. Three articles (25.0%) used the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) for quality evaluation, and two articles (16.7%) used Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) as the grading system. The recommendations covered the areas such as: cognitive dysfunction (4 dimensions) with a recommendation of cognitive function assessment at most (7 guidelines, 66.7%), language and swallowing dysfunction (5 dimensions) with a recommendation of swallowing-related complications at most (10 guidelines, 83.3%), motor dysfunction (6 dimensions) with a recommendation of spasm treatment at most (10 guidelines, 83.3%), and psychological and behavioral dysfunction (4 dimensions) with a recommendation for assessment or monitoring at most (6 guidelines, 50.0%). There were many recommendations in these areas, but the types of evidence were different, and observational studies and/or randomized controlled trials accounted for most.Conclusion There are different types of evidence and levels of recommendation strength. It is proposed for future guideline developers in stroke rehabilitation to follow World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development-2nd Edition to improve the quality and the overall implementation of the rehabilitation guidelines, and to improve the quality and safety of rehabilitation.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905758

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To evaluate and analyze the panel composition and conflict of interest management of clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation.Methods Clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation were systematically retrieved from PubMed, EMBASE, China Biology Medicine disc, CNKI, Wanfang Data and Medlive database, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, National Guideline Clearinghouse, The Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, World Health Organization (WHO) and Guidelines International Network until January 11, 2020. Two researchers independently screened and cross-checked the literatures, and extracted the basic information of included guidelines, including the title, formulating institution, published journol, as well as the expert group, the number of expert group, the specific division of labor and their discipline, affiliation and the geographic location, the statement and management of conflict of interest, types of conflicts of interest, and whether to accept fund and the source of the fund.Results A total of 84 guidelines were finally included, 17 domestic ones and 67 foreign ones, in which, 52 (61.9%) reported the expert panel; 22 (26.2%) reported the number of expert panel groups, 21 (25.0%) indicated the specific division of work among the members of the expert panel, 74 (88.1%) reported the names of the members of the expert panel, 47 (56.0%) reported the subjects and specialties of the panelists, 70 (83.3%) reported the affiliation and location of panelists, 14 (16.7%) mentioned the management of conflicts of interest, and 25 (29.8%) reported if there were conflicts of interest. Only five of the 16 funded guidelines stated that there was no conflict of interest between the funding and the development of the guidelines. Among them, the reporting rate of expert panel was significantly higher in foreign countries than in China (χ2 = 9.542, P < 0.01), the reporting rate of name of expert panel members and specific division of labor were higher in foreign countries than in China ( χ2 > 4.155, P < 0.05), and the reporting rate of conflict of interest management was also higher in foreign countries than in China ( P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in whether there was a conflict of interest, whether it was funded and the type of funding at home and abroad ( P > 0.05). Conclusion In gerenal, clinical practice guidelines of rehabilitation published at home and abroad are necessary to be improved in the reporting quality of expert group formulation and division of labor, conflict of interest reporting and management. It is proposed that future guideline developers should follow the WHO Handbook for Guideline Development, assign roles of experts, strengthen the management and reporting of conflicts of interest, and standarderize the development process and reporting of the guidelines.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878771

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Sijunzi Decoction in the treatment of ulcerative colitis(UC) based on network pharmacology. The active components and corresponding targets of Sijunzi Decoction were extracted with Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP), and the targets were standardized with the help of Uniprot database. The related targets of UC were obtained through GeneCards database and Disgenet database, and the intersection targets of drugs and diseases were screened by R language. The visual regulation network of "active ingredient-disease target" of Sijunzi Decoction was constructed by Cytoscape software, and the protein-protein interaction network was constructed by STRING database. The functional enrichment analysis of gene ontology(GO) and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) pathway were carried out on Bioconductor platform, and some of the targets were verified by animal experiments. Through database analysis, a total of 135 active components of Sijunzi Decoction, 114 predicted targets and 80 common targets with UC were obtained. The core target proteins included interleukin 6(IL-6), caspase-3(CASP3), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR) and so on. GO functional enrichment analysis involved 102 items, which mainly affected transcription factor activity, enzyme activity, receptor activity and biochemical process regulation. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 120 items were involved in human cytomegalovirus infection, cancer, apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways. Mouse experiments showed that Sijunzi Decoction could down-regulate the expression of target proteins IL-6 and caspase-3 and inhibit intestinal epithelial cell apoptosis. The treatment of UC with Sijunzi Decoction is the result of the interaction among multi-components, multi-targets and multi-pathways. It is proved by experiments that Sijunzi Decoction may play an effective role by regulating the expression of IL-6 and caspase-3, and getting involved in apoptosis, inflammation and other pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Colitis, Ulcerative/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694501

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the AChE and nAChR in the NMJ and the morphology of the muscle in the bilateral triceps surae after the unilateral shock wave therapy. Method 60 male New Zealand rabbits weighing (2± 0.2) Kg were used in this study. Two thousand shock waves at an energy flux density of 1.5bar and the frequency of 10Hz were applied to their left calf muscles. Divided into six groups, both sides of the triceps muscle of calf were taken out on the day of the shock wave and the1,2,4,6 and 8 weeks after the treatment. HE staining was used to observe the morphological changes of muscle tissue and the average optical density was measured after AChE stain so as to calculate the receptor count after Acetylcholine receptor immunohistochemistry. Result No abnormal morphological abnormalities were observed in all rabbits. In the first five groups, the AChE was significantly higher in the side of the shockwave treatment compairing with the control side (<0.05),slow decrease after 1 week after the treatment. In the first five groups, the nAChR was significantly lower in the side of the shock wave treatment compairing with the control side ( <0.05), and gradually increased to normal after 8 weeks. Conslusion Suitable dose of shock wave will not have a greater impact on morphology of muscle tissue. After the shock wave treatment, the amount and degree of stimulate of muscle cells were decreased, and the production of action potentials was reduced. While the experimental side AchE and AchR in shock wave treatment day to 8 weeks after treatment showed a significant trend to normal, it shows that the effect of shock wave on NMJ is transient and reversible.

14.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 681-685, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689731

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To investigate the value of micro- dissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE) in the treatment of non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) in patients with the history of secondary testicular injury.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Totally, 121 NOA patients with the history of secondary testicular injury underwent micro-TESE in our hospital from September 2014 to December 2017. We analyzed the correlation of the sperm retrieval rate with the causes of testicular injury and compared the outcomes of the ICSI cycles with the sperm retrieved from the NOA males by micro-TESE (the micro-TESE group) and those with the sperm ejaculated from severe oligospermia patients (sperm concentration <1×10⁶/ml, the ejaculate group). Comparisons were also made between the two groups in the female age, two-pronucleus (2PN) fertilization rate, transferrable embryos on day 3 (D3), D3 high- quality embryos, D14 blood HCG positive rate, embryo implantation rate, and clinical pregnancy rate.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Testicular sperm were successfully retrieved by micro-TESE in 86.0% of the patients (104/121), of whom 98.4% had the history of orchitis, 75.5% had been treated surgically for cryptorchidism, and 63.6% had received chemo- or radiotherapy. No statistically significant differences were observed between the micro-TESE and ejaculate groups in the 2PN fertilization rate (59.4% vs 69.3%, P > 0.05), D14 blood HCG positive rate (44.6% vs 57.9%, P > 0.05), embryo implantation rate (31.8 %% vs 32.6%, P > 0.05) and clinical pregnancy rate (41.5% vs 48.7%, P > 0.05). However, the rate D3 transferrable embryos was significantly lower in the micro-TESE than in the ejaculate group (40.5% vs 52.2%,P < 0.05), and so was that of D3 high-quality embryos (32.5% vs 42.1%, P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Micro-TESE can be applied as the first choice for NOA patients with the history of secondary testicular injury, but more effective strategies are to be explored for the improvement of ICSI outcomes with the sperm retrieved by micro- TESE.</p>

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665637

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the views and significance of the "parallel" training mode, and provide a reference for the smooth development of the graduate students' standardized training work. Methods The self-designed questionnaire included rotation/training, clinical skills, scientific research, supporting conditions, and the rationality and prospect of the integrated training mode. We chose the graduate students of professional type classes of Grade 2014 and 2015 in a university affiliated hospital of Kunming, in a secret-based manner , and questionnaires were distributed and collected by stratified sampling and random sampling according to the proportion of 50% of the total number of them. Excel database was used for data processing and analysis. Results A total of 200 questionnaires were distributed and 167 were recovered with an effective recovery rate of 83.5%. The research items involved in the investigation of the students that were more satisfied with the project were as follows:methods of integrated training mode being more reasonable (85.0%, n=142), improving clinical comprehensive ability (83.2%, n=139), accelerating the development of high-level clinical talents (67.7%, n=113), conducive to unify the clinical practice standards (55.1%, n=92), conducive to employment (48.5%, n=81), saving medical resources (44.3%, n=78). Meanwhile, the survey found that graduate students were not satisfied with the following items: research time (88.0%, n=147), arrangements for plans of rotate conversion (65.8%, n=110), monthly income (89.8%, n=150). Conclusion The integrated training mode can accelerate the development of high-level clinical talents, save medical resources, further improve the medical education system and better improve the clinical com-prehensive ability of medical students. However, it still needs to be further improved in terms of the arrange-ments for plans of rotate conversion of clinical departments, cultivation of scientific research ability, and salary, etc.

16.
Chinese Journal of Immunology ; (12): 1819-1823, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-663693

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze whether the OAZI-1 (ornithine decarboxylase antizyme inhibitor-1) protein complex isolated from tumor cells could induce specific antitumor effects in the experiment mice .Methods:OAZI-1 protein complexes were isolated from B16-F1 melanoma cells by immune magnetic beads coated with OAZI-1 antibody and used as the vaccine to immune the C 57BL/6 mice.After immunization,the mice were inoculated subcutaneously with live B 16-F1 cells and then tumor formation and growth were ob-served.ELISA was used to determine the level of cytokine IFN-γin the serum of immunized mice.Lactate dehydrogenase assay (LDH) was performed to evaluate killing effect of spleen lymphocytes on B 16-F1 cells.The mice immunized by purified OAZI-1 from prokaryotic expression and PBS were used as controls in the animal experiment .Results: Compared with the control mice ,the spleen lymphocytes ( effector cells ) from the mice inoculated with OAZI-1 protein complexes had stronger killing ability on B 16-F1 cells (target cells).At three different effector:target ratio (10:1,50:1,100:1),the killing ability of these spleen lymphocytes were 46.2%, 59.5%and 92.5% respectively,which was significantly higher than the spleen lymphocytes from the mice inoculated with purified AZIN-1 protein (36.1%,26.8% and 45.9%) or inoculated with PBS (24.6%,24.0% and 27.2%).In addition,the content of serum anti-tumor cytokine IFN-γwas also significantly higher in the mice inoculated with OAZI-1 protein complexes (538.3 pg/ml) than the mice inoculated with purified AZIN-1 ( 256.2 pg/ml ) or with PBS ( 131.0 pg/ml ) .When B16-F1 live cells were subcutaneously inoculated into the immunized mice described above ,the tumor formation rate was only 40%in the mice immunized with OAZI-1 protein complex ,but 100%in the mice immunized with PBS or purified OAZI-1.The growth of inoculated tumors in the mice immunized with OAZI-1 protein complex was also much slower than the control mice .Conclusion:The results in this study suggest that the OAZI-1 protein complex isolated from B 16-F1 tumor cells could contain some tumor antigens .When used as tumor vaccine to inoculate mice ,this complex can induce anti-tumor immune killing activity in experimental animals .

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-331481

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To assess the methodological quality of systematic reviews and meta-analyses regarding acupuncture intervention for stroke and the primary studies within them.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two researchers searched PubMed, Cumulative index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, ISI Web of Knowledge, Cochrane, Allied and Complementary Medicine, Ovid Medline, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and Traditional Chinese Medical Database to identify systematic reviews and meta-analyses about acupuncture for stroke published from the inception to December 2016. Review characteristics and the criteria for assessing the primary studies within reviews were extracted. The methodological quality of the reviews was assessed using adapted Oxman and Guyatt Scale. The methodological quality of primary studies was also assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Thirty-two eligible reviews were identified, 15 in English and 17 in Chinese. The English reviews were scored higher than the Chinese reviews (P=0.025), especially in criteria for avoiding bias and the scope of search. All reviews used the quality criteria to evaluate the methodological quality of primary studies, but some criteria were not comprehensive. The primary studies, in particular the Chinese reviews, had problems with randomization, allocation concealment, blinding, dropouts and withdrawals, intent-to-treat analysis and adverse events.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Important methodological flaws were found in Chinese systematic reviews and primary studies. It was necessary to improve the methodological quality and reporting quality of both the systematic reviews published in China and primary studies on acupuncture for stroke.</p>

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-839554

ABSTRACT

Objective: To distinguish Rhizoma curcuma of different origins using headspace-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (HS-GC/MS) combined with principal components analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), so as to help the quality control of Rhzzoma curcuma. Methods: HP-5 capillary column (30 m×0. 32 mm, 0. 25 μm) was used under the following condition; inlet temperature; 250°C, initial column temperature; 50°C maintained for 3 min, then increasing to 150°C at 20°C/min and to 200°C at 2°C/min, maintained for 10 min, with the split ratio being 10 : 1. The carrier gas was helium, with flow rate being 1. 0 mL/min, had space vials regional temperature being 90°C, vials heating equilibration time being 30 min, and injection volume being 1. 5 mL. The effect of extract separation conditions, temperature of the vial and equilibrium time on the extraction volatile components of RMzoma curcuma were observed. Results: PCA could distinguish 18 common peaks of 15 batches of Rhizoma curcuma from Sichuan, Guangxi and Yunnan, and it was confirmed that (3-elemene, camphene, 13-pinene, p-menth-l-en-8-ol, eucalyptol, and cycloisolongifolene, 8, 9-dehydro-9-formyl were the main components to cause differences in RMzoma curcuma of different origins. Conclusion: We have established a method combining HS-GC/MS with PCA and HCA to distinguish RMzoma curcuma of different origins, and we have also identified the major characteristic components of Rhizoma curcuma of different origins.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-359286

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the clinical efficacy of transcutaneous acupoint electrical stimulation (TAES) combined intravenous injection and/or Neiguan (P6) injection with droperidol in preventing and treating post-operative nausea and vomiting (PONV) after thyroid tumor surgery.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Recruited were 120 female patients who underwent selective thyroid tumor surgery were randomly assigned to the control group, the TAES group, the IV group (intravenous injection of droperidol), and the P6 group [Neiguan point (P6) injection of droperidol], respectively, 30 cases in each group. Thirty min before anesthesia induction, 2 mL 0.9% normal saline injection was intravenously injected to those in the control group. Patients in the TAES group received TEAS at bilateral P6 points. 2.5 mg (1 mL) droperidol added in 1 mL 0.9 normal saline was intravenously injected to those in the IV group and injected at bilateral P6 points of those in the P6 group. The occurrence and severity of PONV were observed within 0 - 6 h and within 6 - 24 h after operation in each group.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the control group, the incidence and the severity of PONV within 0 - 6 h and within 6 - 24 h after thyroid surgery were significantly reduced in the three treatment groups (P < 0.05). There was no statistical difference in the incidence or the severity of PONV among the TAES, IV and P6 groups (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>TEAS at P6 could dramatically reduce the occurrence and the severity of PONV after thyroid tumor surgery. Besides, it got equivalent effect to that by intravenous injecting droperidol or by injecting droperidol at P6.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Acupuncture Points , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting , Prospective Studies , Single-Blind Method , Thyroid Neoplasms , General Surgery , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 511-515, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-326480

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To determine the protein expression of Calpain I, mRNA and protein expressions and activity of calcineurin, and the alternative splicing of Ca/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) δ in the hypertrophic heart, and to investigate the effect of angiotensin II type 1 receptor blocker valsartan (Val) on cardiac hypertrophy and the level of Calpain I, calcineurin and CaMKIIδ in renovascular hypertensive rats model.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Rats were randomly divided into sham-operated control (n=8), hypertension (n=8) and hypertension plus Val (n=8, 30 mg×kg(-1)×(-1)). The renovascular hypertension was induced by two kidney-one clip methods in rats. The ratio of left ventricular weight to body weight was measured, the mRNA expression of calcineurin and alternative splicing of CaMKIIδ were determined by RT-PCR, the protein expression of Calpain I and calcineurin were measured by Western blot and the activity of calcineurin activity was assayed by a specialized kit.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Eight weeks after procedure, hypertension rats developed significantly cardiac hypertrophy, and the protein expression of Calpain I, mRNA and protein expression and the activity of calcineurin were significantly increased compared sham-operated control rats (all P<0.01), the mRNA expression of CaMKIIδA and B increased, CaMKIIδC mRNA decreased (P<0.01). Treatment with valsartan effectively attenuated cardiac hypertrophy and reversed hypertension induced changes on myocardial Calpain I, calcineurin and CaMKIIδ.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Valsartan attenuates cardiac hypertrophy in renovascular hypertensive rats, possibly through inhibiting Calpain I, calcineurin and CaMKIIδ signaling pathways.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Calcineurin , Metabolism , Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 , Metabolism , Calpain , Metabolism , Hypertension, Renovascular , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Pathology , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Tetrazoles , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Valine , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Valsartan
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