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1.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 98-104, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992882

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) level, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate for in vitro fertilization (IVF) patients with benign ovarian cysts.Methods:Patients with benign ovarian cysts who were admitted for cystectomy and had undergone IVF treatment were enrolled in the study. There were 373 participants with ovarian cysts underwent laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in the experimental group. According to duration of post-surgery, there were four sub-groups: 1 year post-surgery (1Y POST), 2 years post-surgery (2Y POST), 4 years post-surgery (4Y POST) and ≥5 years post-surgery (≥5Y POST) in the experimental group. According to histopathologic types of ovarian cysts, there were two sub-groups: ovarian endometriotic cysts and ovarian non-endometriotic cysts. Two hundreds and three patients with no history of ovarian cysts and ovarian surgery were in the control group. The level of AMH and basic concentrations of follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), progesterone (P), estradiol (E 2) were measured. Antral follicle counts (AFC) were calculated. There were other study variables: total dose of gonadotropins, duration of ovarian stimulation, the number of oocyte retrieved, the number of embryo obtained, blastocyst transfer rate and pregnancy rate. Results:The control group was matched as closely as possible to the experimental group, including age, body mass index and menstrual cycle (all P>0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian endometriotic cystectomy sub-group had significantly higher levels of basal FSH and basal P, lower level of AMH (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts sub-group had significantly higher dose of gonadotropins (all P<0.05); the women in ovarian endometriotic cysts ≥5Y POST sub-group had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower blastocyst transfer rate, and lower pregnancy rate (all P<0.05). Compared to the women in control group, the women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had a significantly higher level of basal FSH and basal P (all P<0.05). The women in ovarian non-endometriotic cysts sub-group had lower level of AMH, higher dose of gonadotropins, lower number of oocyte retrieved, lower number of embryo obtained, lower rate of blastocyst transfer and lower rate of pregnancy than the control group but there were no statistically significant differences among them (all P>0.05). The women with unilateral ovarian endometriotic cysts had significantly lower number of oocyte retrieved on the side of surgery than another side ( P<0.05). Conclusions:In short term laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy has no significant effect on ovarian reserve. But with long-term follow-up ovarian reserve, ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation and pregnancy rate are decreased. The effect of laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy in benign cysts on ovarian is associated with whether or not it is the surgical side.

2.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 719-724, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906766

ABSTRACT

@#The aim of the study was to develop a simple, rapid and accurate LC-MS/MS method for the determination of digoxin.Digoxin-d3 was taken as the internal standard (IS), and sample preparation was achieved by liquid-liquid extraction.Chromatographic separation was performed on a Kinetex C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 2.6 μm; Phenomenex) using an isocratic elution with merely 2 min for each sample.The mobile phase consisted of water and acetonitrile solutions, both containing 1 mmol/L ammonium acetate and 1 mmol/L formic acid (55∶45).The detection was conducted on a TripleQuadTM 4500MD mass spectrometer coupled with electrospray ionization interface under positive-ion multiple reaction monitoring mode.The transitions were m/z 798.5 → 651.3 and m/z 801.6 → 654.4 for digoxin and digoxin-d3, respectively.Results showed that the method was linear over the range of 0.100-20.0 ng/mL.The selectivity, accuracy and precision, recovery and stability of the method were all within the acceptable limits with no matrix effect.This method was successfully applied to a girl treated with digoxin with substantial improvement of therapeutic effect and elimination of toxic reaction, so it can provide valuable fuidance and reference for individualized medication in clinical practice.

3.
Journal of China Pharmaceutical University ; (6): 122-122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873589

ABSTRACT

@#With the rapid development of biopharmaceuticals, therapeutic monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are widely accepted due to their low side-effects and high therapeutic efficacy. Individual differences in the response to mAb drugs put forward new requirements for therapeutic drug monitoring of antibody drugs.Therefore, the need for accurate and robust bioanalytical methods is increasing.Recently, LC-MS/MS has been gaining increasing interest in the field of large molecules.In this article, the recent advances in this emerging field are reviewed, along with common issues and analytical approaches.Thus, this review article is helpful for better understanding the advance of LC-MS/MS technique in the field of therapeutic drug monitoring for mAbs.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 303-306, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To optimize prescription audit platform of PIVAS in our hospital, and to provide reference for rational drug use in pediatric department. METHODS: The records of irrational drug use and prescription comment record of physicians were collected and sorted out. Retrieved from drug instruction, China’s National Prescription Collection: Chemicals and Biological Products Volume (Children’s Edition) (2013) and other data, PIVAS prescription audit guideline of our hospital was filed. Based on it, PIVAS prescription audit platform was optimized. The efficiency and accuracy of prescription audit were evaluated using average daily medical order audit time, the number of audit pharmacists, average daily number of telephone communication with clinicians, average daily number of irrational medical orders, the detection rate of irrational medical order as indexes. RESULTS: The revised PIVAS prescription audit guideline is simple and easy to consult. After optimizing and implementing PIVAS prescription  auditor platform, average daily medical order audit time, the number of audit pharmacists, average daily number of telephone communication with clinicians, average daily number of irrational medical orders decreased by 33.33 %, 50.00 %, 57.89 %, and 57.14 %, respectively; the detection rate of irrational medical orders decreased from 1.38% to 0.54%, with statistical significance (P<0.05), which indicated the efficiency and accuracy of prescription audit were improved significantly. CONCLUSIONS: The optimized PIVAS prescription audit platform can significantly improve the standardization of medical order audit and the level of rational drug use, and contribute to rational drug use in pediatric department.

5.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 1200-1203, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709447

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between ambient temperature variation and blood pressure fluctuations in acute ischemic stroke patients.Methods Clinical data of 5 730 ischemic stroke patients hospitalized at the Departments of Neurology and Geriatrics of The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University and air temperature data during the corresponding period were retrospectively analyzed.The relationship between air temperature and blood pressure in patients with acute ischemic stroke was analyzed.Results Of 5 730 patients,4 428 (77.28%)had hypertension and most of them were male(56.26% 3 362 cases).The systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels were higher in hypertensive males than in hypertensive females[(153.9 ± 21.7) mmHg vs.(150.7 ± 23.6)mmHg,(85.9±13.3)mmHg vs.(83.0±12.5)mmHg,1 mm Hg=0.133 kPa,both P<0.05].The systolic pressure tended to increase and diastolic pressure tended to decrease with increasing age (both P < 0.05).The systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels of patients were slightly higher in autumn and winter than in spring and summer (P < 0.05).The mean monthly maximum and minimum temperature had negative correlations with the systolic blood pressure of patients.There was a linear positive correlation between the average monthly diurnal temperature range and the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.The systolic or diastolic blood pressure increased by 0.088 mmHg or 0.076 mmHg respectively with each 1 ℃ drop in the mean monthly maximum and minimum temperature.The systolic or diastolic blood pressure increased by 1.043 mmHg or 0.654 mmHg respectively with each 1 ℃ increase in the average monthly diurnal temperature range.Conclusions Hypertension is a risk factor for ischemic stroke,and ambient temperature variation is related to baseline blood pressure fluctuations in hypertensive patients with acute ischemic stroke.The temperature reduction and the increase of average diurnal temperature rang can lead to the elevation of blood pressure,which is more obvious in autumn and winter,especially in elderly patients.

6.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 543-547, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512873

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the role of MKK34 (a peptide spanning a C-terminal α-helical region in TSLP) on airway inflammation and β-catenin of airway epithelium in a HDM-induced mouse asthma.Methods 32 male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into control,MKK34,asthma and MKK34 + HDM groups.The mice in the asthma group were exposed to HDM for five consecutive days and the MKK34 + HDM group was pretreated with MKK34 1 h prior to the HDM intranasally treated.After 8 weeks' treatment,animal lung function test and pathological staining were performed to evaluate the asthma situation,IL-4,IFN-γin bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and IgE in the serum were detected,immunohistochemistry and western blot were used to assess β-catenin and p-ERK,t-ERK levels.Results Airway reactivity,IL-4 and IgE in the asthma group were significantly higher than that in the control group.Treatment with MKK34 significantly decreased airway hyperresponsiveness,IL-4 and IgE.HE staining demonstrated the chronic bronchitic inflammation in the lungs of asthma group.β-catenin in the control group was distributed evenly at the cytomembrane of epithelial cells.In the asthma group,β-catenin was disordered in epithelial cells and its expression was decreased.Treatment with MKK34 ameliorated the damage of β-catenin and chronic bronchitic inflammation.The protein levels of p-ERK1/2 increased obviously in the asthma group.The pretreated group significantly decreased the expression of p-ERK1/2.Conclusions MKK34 can ameliorate the airway inflammation and the destruction of β-catenin of airway epithelium in a HDM-induced mouse asthma.The ERK pathway may play a role in this process.

7.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 59-63, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507158

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of 1,25(OH)2D3 on histological changes and activation of STAT3 in BLM?induced pulmonary fibrosis mice. Methods 30 male C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group ,BLM group and BLM+VD group. Mice in BLM group and BLM+VD group received intratracheal injection of BLM(3 U/kg). Control group were intratracheally injected equal volume of sterile saline. From the first day after the surgery,mice in BLM+VD group received intraperitoneal injection of VD (5μg/kg·d). After 21 days, H&E and Masson′s trichrome staining were carried out. Aschroft score were used to evaluate histological changes in lungs. IL?6,IL?4 and INF?γin BALF were assessed by Elisa. p?STAT3,α?SMA and Collagen I were detected by western blot (WB) and immunohistochemistry. Results Fibrosis score and level of α?SMA,Collagen I in BLM group were significantly higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). However ,treatment with VD effectively at?tenuated fibrosis (P<0.05). IL?6 and IL?4 increased while INF?γwas decreased in BALF of BLM group (P<0.05). VD could ameliorate these changes. Upregulation and neuclear translocation of p?STAT3 were observed in BLM group,while VD intervention could inhibit phosphorylation of STAT3. Conclusions VD attenuate BLM?induced pulmonary fibrosis and regulate inflammatory cytokines probably by blocking STAT3 activation.

8.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 4033-4037, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-665312

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of coptisine on the growth of NCI-H1650cells and to evaluate its potential value in the treatment of human non-small cell lung cancer. Methods MTT method was used to ana-lyze cell proliferation. Protein expressions of Bax/Bcl-2 and cytochrome C in NCI-H1650 cells were detected by-Western blot.Apoptosis was analyzed using flow cytometrywithAnnexin V/PI method.ROS concentration was tested with fluorometry.Results Coptisine could significantly inhibit growth of NCI-H1650 cells in a time-and dose-de-pendent manner.Coptisine induced apoptosis in NCI-H1650 cells by inducing ROS accumulation and the following mitochondria mediated apoptosis which was identified by increased Bax expression,Bcl-2 expression was down-reg-ulated,and cytochrome C moved from mitochondria to cytoplasm.ROS inhibitor(N-acetyl cysteine)treatment dra-matically abrogated coptisine-induced growth inhibition and apoptosis.Conclusions This study suggests that copti-sine can induce ROS irritated-and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis in NCI-H1650 cells.Coptisine has a potential value in the treatment of human non-small cell lung cancer.

9.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 254-257,前插3, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-606434

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) on apoptosis and phosphorylation of c-jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) in endothelial outgrowth cells (EOCs). Methods The mononuclear cells were harvested from umbilical cord blood by ficoll density gradient centrifugation, and induced into EOCs and then expanded in vitro. The identified EOCs were treated with different concentrations of ADMA (0, 1, 5, 10, 20 μmol/L) for 48 h. The adherent cells were treated with 10 μmol/L ADMA,then different concentrations of JNK specific inhibitor SP600125 (0, 5,10,20 and 40 μmol/L) were added and incubated for 48 hours. Caspase-3 activity was measured by microplate reader. Apoptotic incidences of EOCs were quantitatively determined by flow cytometry. The expression of Caspase- 3 and phosphorylase-JNK (p-JNK) were detected by Western blot assay. Results The treatment of ADMA (1-20 μmol/L) significantly induced apoptosis in EOCs by enhancing Caspase-3 express and also induced phosphorylation of JNK (P<0.05). Meantime, the JNK specific inhibitor SP600125 could attenuate the apoptosis induced by ADMA during this process (F=6.733,P<0.05) and inhibit the expression of Caspase-3 and p-JNK. Conclusion ADMA can induce apoptosis in EOC, which may be achieved by activating JNK signal transduction pathway.

10.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 907-912, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-507711

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the sleep quality and the risk factors for sleep disorders in population at high-risk for stroke:.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in population at highrisk for stroke:in Water Park and Wangdingdi Communities,Nankai District,Tianjin in March 2016.The residents were divided into either a good sleep group or a sleep disorder group according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to determine the risk factors affecting sleep quality.They also divided into a stroke history group and a non-stroke history group according to the high-risk population with or without previous history of stroke.The sleep quality was compared between the 2 groups,and the correlation between sleep disorders and stroke outcomes was analyzed.Results A total of 565 residents at high-risk for stroke were enrolled in the study,and 178 01.5%) had sleep disorders.The age in the sleep disorder group was significantly older than that in the good sleep group (66.70 ±8.97 years vs.62.87 ±9.46 years;t =4.540,P<0.001).The proportions of female (68.0% vs.49.1%;x2 =16.190,P < 0.001),hypertension (69.7% vs.57.9%;x2 =7.154,P =0.005),ischemic heart diseases (48.9% vs.35.4%;x2 =9.253,P =0.002),history of previous stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA) (30.9% vs.18.9%;x2 =10.080,P =0.001),and carotid plaques (71.9 vs.53.7%;x2 =16.688,P <0.001) in the sleep disorder group were higher than those in the good sleep group.Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for age and sex,the history of previous stroke or TIA (odds ratio [OR] 1.712,95% confidence interval [CI] 1.105-2.653;P =0.016),and carotid plaques (OR 1.583,95% CI 1.003-2.498;P =0.048) were the dependent risk factors for sleep disorders.The total score of PSQI in patients with previous stroke was significantly higher than that in patients without previous stroke (7.25 ±4.71 vs.6.13 ±4.20,t =-2.578,P =0.010).The sleep latency score (1.24 ± 1.06 vs.0.95 ± 1.02;t =-2.868,P =0.004) and sleep disorder score (1.23 ± 0.63 vs.1.07 ± 0.61;t =-2.622,P =0.009) in patients with previous stroke history were significantly higher than those without.According to the modified Rankin Scale scores,the patients with a history of stroke were divided into a good outcome group (0-2) and a poor outcome group (>2),including 105 (82.0%) and 23 patients (18.0%),resectively.The proportion of patients with sleep disorders (78.3% vs.35.2%;x2 =14.251,P<0.001) and the PSQI score (median and four percentile interval:6 [3-8] vs.12 [8-18];Z =-4.392,P <0.001) in the poor outcome group were significantly higher than those in the good outcome group.Conclusions The incidence of sleep disorder is high in the high-risk population,the previous stroke or TIA history and carotid plaques are the independent risk factors for sleep disorder in the high-risk population,and sleep disorder is associated with the poor outcomes of strokes.Therefore,attention should be paid to the sleep quality of this stroke high-risk population and control the risk factors of causing sleep disorders,especially for those with a history of stroke.This will help reduce the risk of stroke.

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