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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 704-711, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016581

ABSTRACT

AIM: To understand the publication status, research trends, and cutting-edge and hot topics in this field by conducting a bibliometrics analysis of relevant literatures on the pathogenesis of primary open angle glaucoma(POAG)in the past 30 a.METHODS:A total of 986 relevant literatures on the pathogenesis of POAG published on the core databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure(CNKI)and Web of Science(WOS)from 1 September 1993 to 1 September 2023 were retrieved. CiteSpace(6.2.R.4)and VOSviewer(1.6.18)software were used to conduct knowledge graph analysis on the retrieved literature, including publication volume, author, research institution, country/region, and keywords.RESULTS:The United States(243 articles)has the highest number of publications, followed by China(121 articles). The foreign institution with the highest number of publications is Harvard University(37 articles), while domestic institutions such as Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, ophthalmology department of Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, and Peking University First Hospital tied for the highest number of publications. Louis R. Pasquale(21 articles)is the most prolific English author. Wang Ningli is the most active Chinese researcher in this field. Keywords include trabecular meshwork, intraocular pressure, aqueous humor, glucocorticoid, hemorheology, etc.CONCLUSION: The research on the pathogenesis of POAG is in a period of vigorous development. The United States has the largest number of publications in this field, and Harvard University is a leading institution in this field. The research focus in the field of POAG has shifted from the structural aspect to the genetic level, and gene research and traditional Chinese medicine treatment have broad application prospects in this field.

2.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 562-567, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013137

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the influencing factors for the clinical outcome of patients with drug-induced liver injury (DILI), and to establish a nomogram prediction model for validation. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the general information and laboratory data of 188 patients with DILI who were admitted to Heilongjiang Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Harbin Institute of Technology from January 2017 to December 2022, and according to their clinical outcome, they were divided into good outcome group with 146 patients and poor outcome group with 42 patients. The independent-samples t test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups; the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analyses were used to investigate the independent influencing factors for the clinical outcome of DILI patients. R Studio 4.1.2 software was used to establish a nomogram model, and calibration curve, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, and decision curve analysis (DCA) were used to perform internal validation. ResultsThe univariate Logistic regression analysis showed that liver biopsy for the diagnosis of DILI, platelet count, cholinesterase, albumin, prothrombin time activity, IgM, and IgG were associated with adverse outcomes in patients with DILI. The multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that liver biopsy for the diagnosis of DILI (odds ratio [OR]=0.072, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.022‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.213, P<0.001), clinical classification (OR=0.463, 95%CI: 0.213‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.926, P=0.039), alanine aminotransferase (OR=0.999, 95%CI: 0.998‍ ‍—‍ ‍1.000, P=0.025), prothrombin time activity (OR=0.973, 95%CI: 0.952‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.993, P=0.011), and IgM (OR=1.456, 95%CI: 1.082‍ ‍—‍ ‍2.021, P=0.015) were independent influencing factors for clinical outcome in patients with DILI. The nomogram prediction model was established, and after validation, the calibration curve was close to the reference curve. The area under the ROC curve was 0.829, and the DCA curve showed that the model had good net clinical benefit. ConclusionThe nomogram prediction model established in this study has good clinical calibration, discriminative ability, and application value in evaluating the clinical outcome of patients with DILI.

3.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 83-85, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012562

ABSTRACT

This case reported a 17-year-old female patient who presented to the hospital with "poor mood and irritability for more than 5 months". The patient was diagnosed with hepatolenticular degeneration at the age of five. According to the International Classification of Diseases, tenth edition (ICD-10), she was diagnosed with hepatolenticular and depressive episodes of bipolar disorder. The condition improved after administration of a combination of a mood stabilizer and an antidepressant. There are few reports of hepatolenticular degeneration combined with depressive episodes of bipolar disorder, and it is controversial whether the diagnosis should be considered a psychiatric disorder due to a physical illness or a co-morbidity. In addition, somatic conditions are often overlooked in the treatment of patients with psychiatric disorders. This case analyzed the diagnosis and medication by integrating the patient's psychiatric symptoms and somatic conditions, suggesting that psychiatrists should pay attention to both psychiatric symptoms and the patient's previous history of somatic diseases in their clinical work for rational diagnosis and treatment.

4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 232-242, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005445

ABSTRACT

To optimize the formulation and technology of oxymatrine-astragaloside IV coloaded liposomes (Om-As-Lip) based on quality by design (QbD) principles, and further to verify the feasibility of its amplification process, Om-As-Lip was prepared by ethanol injection combined with pH gradient method. The critical material attributions of Om-As-Lip were evaluated by dual-risk analysis tools and Plackett-Burman design (PBD). The formulation of Om-As-Lip was further optimized with the Box-Behnken design (BBD). The design space was also established based on the contour plots of BBD. In order to further investigate the amplification process of Om-As-Lip, the critical process parameters of high-pressure homogenization (HPH) were optimized by single-factor test, and the quality of the final product was also evaluated. The results of risk analysis and PBD confirmed that the astragaloside concentration, cholesterol concentration, and phospholipid ratio (HSPC∶SPC) were the ctitical material attributes. The model established by BBD had a good predictability, and the optimized mass ratio of As to phospholipids was 1∶40, cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶10, HSPC to SPC was 51∶9. The design space of Om-As-Lip was as follows: the ratio of cholesterol to phospholipids was 1∶12-1∶5 and HSPC to SPC was 1∶7-17∶3. The optimized high-pressure homogenization pressure was 600 bar, temperature was 4 ℃, and cycle times was 6 times for HPH-Om-As-Lip. The quality of Om-As-Lip prepared based on the QbD concept can meet the expected CQAs, and the formulation and technology established can provide a reliable experimental basis for its future development and applications.

5.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 69-74, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005216

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To develop a population pharmacokinetic (PPK) model for mycophenolate mofetil active metabolite mycophenolic acid (MPA) in children with primary IgA nephropathy, explore the factors affecting the pharmacokinetic parameters of MPA, and provide a basis for clinical individualized therapy. METHODS Retrospective collection was conducted on 636 concentrations and clinical data from 47 pediatric patients with primary IgA nephropathy. PPK analysis was carried out by using the nonlinear mixed-effects model; the covariates were tested with a stepwise method. Goodness-of-fit plots, Bootstrap and visual predictive check were employed to evaluate the final model. RESULTS The pharmacokinetics of MPA in children with IgA nephropathy in vivo conformed to the first-order absorption and elimination two-compartment model (objective function value of 3 276.31). Covariate analysis suggested that body weight and albumin (ALB) levels were significant influencing factors on apparent clearance rate and apparent distribution volume. The typical values of PPK parameters of MPA in the final model were as follows: the central room had a distributed volume of 5.79 L, the clearance rate was 4.06 L/h, the volume of peripheral ventricular distribution was 430.93 L, the clearance rate between compartments was 15.40 L/h, the oral absorption rate constant was 1.29 h-1. After verification, most of the predicted corrected observed concentration points were within the 90% confidence interval of the predicted corrected simulated concentration, indicating that the MPA final model had good predictive performance. CONCLUSIONS The PPK model of MPA in children with primary IgA nephropathy is established in this study, identifying body weight and ALB levels are significant factors affecting MPA metabolism.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013884

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effect of G protein-coupled estrogen receptor(GPER)inhibitor G15 on the sensitivity of breast cancer tamoxifen-resistant cells to T-47DTR. Methods Experiments were carried out with 4-hydroxytamoxifen(4-OHT),the active form of tamoxifen in vivo. The sensitivity of tamoxifen-resistant breast cancer cell line T-47DTR and its parental cell line T-47D to tamoxifen was detected by MTT assay; the expression of GPER protein was analyzed by plasma separation of inhibitor G15; the effect of 4-OHT combined with G15 on the apoptosis of T-47DTR cells was analyzed by flow cytometry AnnexinV-FITC/PI double staining; the expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins Bax,Bcl-2,caspase-3,cleaved caspase-3,caspase-9,cleaved caspase-9 were analysed by Western blot. Results(1)Compared with the parental cell T-47D,the resistance of T-47DTR-resistant cells to 4-OHT was significantly enhanced.(2)When 4-OHT(2 μmol·L-1)was administered,the membrane distribution of GPER increased,indicating that GPER was activated in T-47DTR-resistant cells compared with the control group; Compared with OHT,the use of G15(5 μmol·L-1)and OHT significantly reduced the expression of GPER.(3)GPER inhibitor G15 could increase the apoptotic rate of T-47DTR-resistant cells while down-regulating the anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2 and up-regulating the expression of pro-apoptotic proteins Bax,cleaved caspase-3,cleaved caspase-9. Conclusions The GPER inhibitor G15 increases the apoptosis of T-47DTR cells and restores the sensitivity of drug-resistant cells to tamoxifen.

7.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 212-218, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013845

ABSTRACT

Malignant tumor is one of the important reasons threatening human health and safety at present. The application of antiangiogenic drugs and immune checkpoint inhibitors has brought great hope for tumor treatment, but the complex interlaced relationship between tumor blood vessels and immune microenvironment leads to unsatisfactory efficacy. In addition,VEGF, a key driver of tumor angiogenesis, interferes with the maturation of dendritic cells, thereby inhibiting the initiation of T cells. VEGF also induces depletion of CD8+T cells. At the same time, various innate and acquired immune cells secrete angiogenic factors that accelerate uncontrolled angiogenesis and promote vascular immaturity. Therefore targeting tumor blood vessels and immunity is a potential strategy for enhancing tumor immunotherapy. In recent years numerous studies have found that using the blood vessels and the immune intervention strategies combined with antitumor immune therapy has achieved good results. In this review the immune and vascularized tumor microenvironment are reviewed and discussed, and the research progress of vascularized immune interintervention strategy for tumor treatment in recent years is reviewed so as to provide reference for further improving the efficacy of tumor immunotherapy.

8.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1270-1275, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013761

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the inhibition effect of 2-dodecyl-6-methoxycyclohexa-2, 5-diene-l, 4-dione ( DMDD) on renal tubular epithelial cell HK-2 endo¬plasmic reticulum stress and inflammatory responses induced by high glucose. Methods HK-2 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into normal group, high glucose group, endoplasmic reticulum stress inhibitor 4-PBA group (5 mmoL • L ) , DMDD high, medium and low dose groups (8,4,2 μmol • L

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1289-1295, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013754

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway in the treatment of physicion-8-O-β-D-monoglu-coside(PMG) on acute liver injury induced by carbon tetracloride(CCl 4) in mice . Methods Mice were randomly assigned into control group, model group, PMG low-dose, medium-dose and high-dose groups and Bifendate groups. After the continuous intervention with PMG for three days, CCl 4oil solution was intraperitoneally injected to establish acute liver injury mouse models, and samples were collected sixteen hours later. HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissue. Hoechst 33342 staining was used to detect the number of apoptotic hepatocytes. Western blot was employed to detect the expression levels of caspase-3, PI3K, p-PI3K, AKT, p-Akt, IκB, p-IκB total protein and the nuclear protein NF-κB p65 in mouse liver tissue. The proportion of Th17 cells in mouse liver tissue was detected by FACS. Results After three days of PMG treatment, the pathological injury of liver tissue was relieved, the apoptosis of liver cells and the protein levels of caspase-3(P<0.01) were induced compared with model group.PMG could significantly decrease the nuclear expression of NF-κB p65 in the liver of mice with acute liver injury(P<0.05 or P<0.01). The phosphorylation levels of PI3K, AKT and IκB significantly decreased by PMG(P<0.05 or P <0.01). Otherwise, the proportion of Th17 cells in liver tissue was significantly reduced after PMG treatment(P<0.01). Conclusion PMG can alleviate CCl4 - induced acute liver injury through PI3K/AKT/NF-κB signaling pathway.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1457-1463, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013741

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the therapeutic effect of helicid on osteoarthritis (OA) of joint instability model, and explore the mechanism of helicid in the treatment of OA. Methods A rat knee model of OA was established by the medial meniscectomy (MMx) method. After treatment with helicid, HE and safranin O/fast green staining methods were used to observe the his-topathological changes of rat knee articular cartilage; Western blot was used to detect the protein expression level of Trpvl in rat synovial tissue. Immunohistochemical staining was used to examine the expression of Trpvl in rat knee articular cartilage and synovial tissues. Results Helicid significantly slowed down the degeneration of rat knee articular cartilage as shown by HE and safranin O/fast green staining. Western blot results showed that helicid down-regulated the expression of Trpvl in rat synovial tissue examined. Immunohistochemical results showed that helicid significantly reduced the expression of Trpvl in both of knee articular cartilage and synovial tissues. Conclusions Helicid prominently decreases MMx-induced articular cartilage damage and cartilage matrix loss, thereby exerting a therapeutic effect on OA.

11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 811-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013180

ABSTRACT

Objective: To comprehensively assess the current status of extrauterine growth restriction (EUGR) in very preterm infants (VPI) and its associated factors in Chinese neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Methods: In this cohort study, 6 179 preterm infants born at <32 weeks' gestation were included, who were admitted to 57 hospitals in the China Neonatal Network in 2019 and hospitalized for ≥7 days. EUGR was evaluated by a cross-sectional definition (weight at discharge<10th percentile for postmenstrual age), a longitudinal definition (decline in weight Z score>1 from birth to discharge), and weight growth velocity. The comparison between infants with and without EUGR was conducted by t-test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ2 test as appropriate. Multivariable Logistic regression models were used to evaluate associations between EUGR with different definitions and maternal and neonatal factors, clinical practices, and neonatal morbidities. Results: A total of 6 179 VPI were enrolled in the study, with a gestational age of (29.8±1.5) weeks and birth weight of (1 365±304) g; 56.2% (3 474) of them were male. Among them, 48.4% (2 992 VPI) were cross-sectional EUGR and 74.9% (4 628 VPI) were longitudinal EUGR. Z score of weight was (0.13±0.78) at birth and decrease to (-1.35±0.99) at discharge. The weight growth velocity was 10.13 (8.42, 11.66) g/(kg·d). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that among the influential factors that could be intervened after birth, late attainment of full enteral feeds (ORadjust=1.01, 95%CI 1.01-1.02, P<0.001; ORadjust=1.01, 95%CI 1.01-1.02, P<0.001), necrotizing enterocolitis≥Ⅱstage (ORadjust=2.64, 95%CI 1.60-4.35, P<0.001; ORadjust=1.62, 95%CI 1.10-2.40, P<0.001) and patent ductus arteriosus (ORadjust=1.94, 95%CI 1.50-2.51, P<0.001; ORadjust=1.63, 95%CI 1.29-2.06, P<0.001) were all associated with increased risks of both cross-sectional and longitudinal EUGR. In addition, late initiation of enteral feeds (ORadjust=1.06, 95%CI 1.02-1.09, P=0.020) and respiratory distress syndrome (ORadjust=1.45, 95%CI 1.24-1.69, P<0.001) were all associated with cross-sectional EUGR. Breast milk feeding (ORadjust=1.33, 95%CI 1.05-1.68, P<0.001) was associated with a higher risk of longitudinal EUGR. Conclusions: The incidence of EUGR in VPI in China is high. Some modifiable risk factors provide priorities to improve postnatal growth for VPI. Nutritional management of VPI and the efforts to decrease the incidence of complications are still the focus of clinical management in China.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Cohort Studies , East Asian People , Infant, Premature , Infant, Premature, Diseases , Infant, Very Low Birth Weight , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 728-736, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012221

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze and compare therapy responses, outcomes, and incidence of severe hematologic adverse events of flumatinib and imatinib in patients newly diagnosed with chronic phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) . Methods: Data of patients with chronic phase CML diagnosed between January 2006 and November 2022 from 76 centers, aged ≥18 years, and received initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy within 6 months after diagnosis in China were retrospectively interrogated. Propensity score matching (PSM) analysis was performed to reduce the bias of the initial TKI selection, and the therapy responses and outcomes of patients receiving initial flumatinib or imatinib therapy were compared. Results: A total of 4 833 adult patients with CML receiving initial imatinib (n=4 380) or flumatinib (n=453) therapy were included in the study. In the imatinib cohort, the median follow-up time was 54 [interquartile range (IQR), 31-85] months, and the 7-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.2%, 88.4%, 78.3%, and 63.0%, respectively. The 7-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 71.8%, 93.0%, and 96.9%, respectively. With the median follow-up of 18 (IQR, 13-25) months in the flumatinib cohort, the 2-year cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) were 95.4%, 86.5%, 58.4%, and 46.6%, respectively. The 2-year FFS, PFS, and OS rates were 80.1%, 95.0%, and 99.5%, respectively. The PSM analysis indicated that patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had significantly higher cumulative incidences of CCyR, MMR, MR(4), and MR(4.5) and higher probabilities of FFS than those receiving the initial imatinib therapy (all P<0.001), whereas the PFS (P=0.230) and OS (P=0.268) were comparable between the two cohorts. The incidence of severe hematologic adverse events (grade≥Ⅲ) was comparable in the two cohorts. Conclusion: Patients receiving initial flumatinib therapy had higher cumulative incidences of therapy responses and higher probability of FFS than those receiving initial imatinib therapy, whereas the incidence of severe hematologic adverse events was comparable between the two cohorts.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Adolescent , Imatinib Mesylate/adverse effects , Incidence , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Pyrimidines/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome , Benzamides/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Aminopyridines/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2587-2595, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007601

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) 2017 proposed a new classification that reclassified many chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients from group D to B. However, there is a paucity of data related to the comparison between reclassified and non-reclassified COPD patients in terms of long-term prognosis. This study aimed to investigate long-term outcomes of them and determine whether the GOLD 2017 revision improved the assessment of COPD patients.@*METHODS@#This observational, multicenter, prospective study recruited outpatients at 12 tertiary hospitals in China from November 2016 to February 2018 and followed them up until February 2022. All enrolled patients were classified into groups A to D based on GOLD 2017, and the subjects in group B included patients reclassified from group D to B (group DB) and those remaining in group B (group BB). Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated for the exacerbation of COPD and hospitalization in each group.@*RESULTS@#We included and followed up 845 patients. During the first year of follow-up, the GOLD 2017 classification had a better discrimination ability for different risks of COPD exacerbation and hospitalization than GOLD 2013. Group DB was associated with a higher risk of moderate-to-severe exacerbation (HR = 1.88, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.37-2.59, P  <0.001) and hospitalization for COPD exacerbation (HR = 2.23, 95% CI = 1.29-3.85, P  = 0.004) than group BB. However, during the last year of follow-up, the differences in the risks of frequent exacerbations and hospitalizations between group DB and BB were not statistically significant (frequent exacerbations: HR = 1.02, 95% CI = 0.51-2.03, P  = 0.955; frequent hospitalizations: HR = 1.66, 95% CI = 0.58-4.78, P  = 0.348). The mortality rates of the two groups were both approximately 9.0% during the entire follow-up period.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The long-term prognosis of patients reclassified into group B and of those remaining in group B was similar, although patients reclassified from group D to group B had worse short-term outcomes. The GOLD 2017 revision could improve the assessment of Chinese COPD patients in terms of long-term prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prospective Studies , East Asian People , Disease Progression , Severity of Illness Index , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/epidemiology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effects of electroacupuncture on threshold of pain, gait, proliferation and differentiation of muscle satellite cell in rats with acute blunt trauma of gastrocnemius muscle, and to explore the possible mechanism of electroacupuncture in promoting the repair of acute injury of skeletal muscle.@*METHODS@#A total of 48 SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group (6 rats), a model group (24 rats) and an electroacupuncture group (18 rats). In the model group and the electroacupuncture group, the model of acute blunt trauma of gastrocnemius muscle was established by self-made impactor. In the electroacupuncture group, electroacupuncture was applied at "Chengshan" (BL 57) and "Yanglingquan" (GB 34) on the right side, with disperse-dense wave, in frequency of 2 Hz/100 Hz, once a day, 30 min each time. Electroacupuncture intervention was performed for 3, 7 and 14 days according to the sampling time. On the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days after modeling, the mechanical withdrawal pain threshold of hindfoot was detected by Von Frey method; the standing time and the maximum contact area of the right hindfoot were recorded by Cat Walk XTTM animal gait analysis instrument; the morphology of the right gastrocnemius muscle and the number of inflammatory cells were observed by HE staining; the positive expression of paired box gene 7 (Pax7) and myogenic differentiation (MyoD) of the right gastrocnemius muscle was detected by immunofluorescence.@*RESULTS@#After modeling, the muscle fiber rupture and massive infiltration of red blood cells and inflammatory cells were observed in the right gastrocnemius muscle; after electroacupuncture intervention, the morphology of muscle fiber was intact and the infiltration of inflammatory cells was improved. Compared with the blank group, in the model group, the differences of mechanical withdrawal pain threshold between the left and right foot were increased (P<0.05), the standing time was shortened and the maximum contact area of the right hindfoot was decreased (P<0.05), the number of inflammatory cells and the positive expression of Pax7 and MyoD of the right gastrocnemius muscle were increased (P<0.05) on the 1st, 3rd, 7th and 14th days after modeling. Compared with the model group, in the electroacupuncture group, the differences of mechanical withdrawal pain threshold were decreased (P<0.05), the standing time was prolonged (P<0.05), the number of inflammatory cells of right gastrocnemius muscle was decreased (P<0.05) on the 7th and 14th days after modeling; the maximum contact area of the right hindfoot was increased (P<0.05), the positive expression of MyoD of the right gastrocnemius muscle was increased (P<0.05) on the 3rd, 7th and 14th days after modeling; the positive expression of Pax7 of the right gastrocnemius muscle was increased (P<0.05) on the 3rd day after modeling.@*CONCLUSION@#Electroacupuncture can effectively improve the pain threshold and gait in rats with acute blunt trauma of gastrocnemius muscle, and promote the repair of skeletal muscle injury, the mechanism may be related to the up-regulation of Pax7 and MyoD, so as to promoting the proliferation and differentiation of muscle satellite cell.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Satellite Cells, Skeletal Muscle , Electroacupuncture , Muscle, Skeletal , Gait , Wounds, Nonpenetrating , Pain , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation
15.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 355-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003868

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the current status of emotional exhaustion among clinical nurses and its relationship with work stress, thought suppression, difficulties in emotion regulation. Methods A totally of 1 159 clinical nurses from 10 cities in Henan Province and Fujian Province were enrolled as the research subjects using grabbing random balls method. And their status of work stress, thought suppression, difficulties in emotion regulation and emotional exhaustion were investigated by Depression-Anxiety-Stress Scale, White Bear Suppression Inventory, Brief Version of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and Emotional Exhaustion Scale. Results The scores for work stress, thought suppression, difficulties in emotion regulation, emotional exhaustion were (23.5±3.8), (47.4±6.5), (54.1±7.2), (11.7±4.2), respectively. Among them, 40.0% of nurses experienced emotional exhaustion. Bootstrap analysis results showed that work stress positively affected emotional exhaustion among clinical nurses [standardized partial regression coefficient (β)=0.42, 95% confidence intervals (CI): 0.36-0.44]. Work stress affected emotional exhaustion through thought suppression (β=0.16, 95%CI: 0.14-0.20), difficulties in emotion regulation (β=0.16, 95%CI: 0.14-0.19), and the chain mediating role of thought suppression and difficulties in emotion regulation (β=0.07, 95%CI: 0.04-0.09). Conclusion Emotional exhaustion symptoms are prevalent among clinical nurses. Work stress directly and indirectly influences thought suppression, difficulties in emotion regulation and emotional exhaustion of nurses.

16.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 335-339, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003864

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the survival status, distribution characteristics and social security of newly diagnosed occupational pneumoconiosis patients in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021. Methods The newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis cases reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021 were collected from the “Occupational Diseases and Hazards Monitoring Information System” under “National Health Insurance Disease Prevention and Control Information System”. Telephone or face-to-face surveys were conducted to investigate these patients. Results A total of 12 413 newly diagnosed pneumoconiosis patients were reported in Guizhou Province from 2006 to 2021, with 11 192 cases included in the follow-up, and 10 631 cases were followed-up successfully. According to the follow-up study, 10 565 cases (accounting for 99.4%) were survived, and 66 cases (accounting for 0.6%) died. The number of pneumoconiosis showed an increasing trend followed by a sharp decline from 2006 to 2021, reaching its peak in 2016. The main industry of the newly pneumoconiosis cases was concentrated in the mining industry (accounting for 90.6%). The top three regions with surviving cases in the follow-up were Bijie City, Zunyi City, and Qiannan Prefecture, accounting for 34.0%, 25.4% and 12.0%, respectively. The main types of pneumoconiosis were coal workers' pneumoconiosis and silicosis, accounting for 67.1% and 30.8%, respectively. Most cases were in the age group of 50 to <60 years old, accounting for 59.1%, and the majority of the workers had worked in dusty environments for 5 to <25 years, accounting for 91.5%. In terms of social security, about 89.5% of cases were in the basic medical insurance for urban and rural residents which was the most popular social security. The employer's compensation rate was 67.7%, and the work-related injury insurance participation rate was 51.5%. Conclusion Pneumoconiosis cases in Guizhou Province exhibit significant regional disparities. It has a high concentration in the industry, a younger age profile, and limited social security coverage. It is necessary to strengthen the special management of dust and industry supervision in mining industry, intensify follow-up work for pneumoconiosis cases, reinforce the construction of pneumoconiosis rehabilitation station in key regions, and improve the quality of life of pneumoconiosis cases.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003821

ABSTRACT

A group of compounds structurally related to tetrahydrocannabinol or capable of binding to cannabinoid receptors are collectively referred to as cannabinoids. Cannabinoids can be divided into plant derived cannabinoids, synthetic cannabinoids, and endogenous cannabinoids. Δ-9-THC is the only psychoactive compound in plant cannabinoids. Cannabis with Δ-9-THC>0.3% is internationally listed as a prohibited drug, while cannabis with Δ-9-THC<0.3% is industrial cannabis. Due to its low addiction and high commercial value, it is allowed to be added to food in many countries. More and more industrial cannabis foods become popular, and the detection/analysis of cannabinoid compounds in cannabis foods is particularly important; In addition to industrial cannabis, which is widely used in food, there are also various new drugs, synthetic cannabinoids, disguised as conventional food, which can cause the social problems and increase the food safety risks. This article will elaborate on the regulatory status of cannabinoid compounds in food, In order to promote the safety supervision of the domestic cannabis food.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980730

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the brain effect mechanism and the correlation between brain functional imaging and cognitive function in treatment of depressive disorder (DD) with transcutaneous auricular vagus nerve stimulation (taVNS) based on the resting-state functional magenetic reasonance imaging (rs-fMRI).@*METHODS@#Thirty-two DD patients were included in a depression group and 32 subjects of healthy condition were enrolled in a normal group. In the depression group, the taVNS was applied to bilateral Xin (CO15) and Shen (CO10), at disperse-dense wave, 4 Hz/20 Hz in frequency and current intensity ≤20 mA depending on patient's tolerance, 30 min each time, twice daily. The duration of treatment consisted of 8 weeks. The patients of two groups were undertaken rs-fMRI scanning. The scores of Hamilton depression scale (HAMD), Hamilton anxiety scale (HAMA) and Wisconsin card sorting test (WCST) were observed in the normal group at baseline and the depression group before and after treatment separately. The differential brain regions were observed before and after treatment in the two groups and the value of degree centrality (DC) of fMRI was obtained. Their correlation was analyzed in terms of HAMD, HAMA and WCST scores.@*RESULTS@#The scores of HAMD and HAMA in the depression group were all higher than those in the normal group (P<0.05). After treatment, the scores of HAMD and HAMA were lower than those before treatment in the depression group; the scores of total responses, response errors and perseverative errors of WCST were all lower than those before treatment (P<0.05). The brain regions with significant differences included the left inferior temporal gyrus, the left cerebellar peduncles region 1, the left insula, the right putamen, the bilateral supplementary motor area and the right middle frontal gyrus. After treatment, the value of DC in left supplementary motor area was negatively correlated to HAMD and HAMA scores respectively (r=-0.324, P=0.012; r=-0.310, P=0.015); the value of DC in left cerebellar peduncles region 1 was negatively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=-0.322, P=0.013), and the left insula was positively correlated to the total responses of WCST (r=0.271, P=0.036).@*CONCLUSION@#The taVNS can modulate the intensity of the functional activities of some brain regions so as to relieve depressive symptoms and improve cognitive function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Depression/therapy , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Vagus Nerve Stimulation/methods , Brain/diagnostic imaging , Transcutaneous Electric Nerve Stimulation/methods , Vagus Nerve
19.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 204-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979348

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the mechanism of vascular endothelial growth factor(VEGF) inducing tolerogenic dendritic cells(DCs) in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).@*Methods@#The DCs were divided into four groups: Control group (DC), VEGF group (VEGF added into DC), Co-culture group (DC co-cultured with SCC7) and Anti-VEGF group (anti-VEGF antibody added into DC co-cultured with SCC7). Flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect DC surface markers. To detect the effect of DC on proliferation activity of T lymphocyte, the experiment included five groups: Nc group (T lymphocyte), Control group (T lymphocyte added into DC), VEGF group (T lymphocyte + DC + VEGF), Co-culture group (T lymphocyte + DC + supernatant of SCC7) and Anti-VEGF group (T lymphocyte + DC + supernatant of SCC7 + anti-VEGF antibody). Subsequently, the mixed lymphocyte reaction(MLR) was conducted. The expression levels of indole-2, 3-doxygenase(IDO)and programmed cell death 1 ligand 1(PD-L1)in DC were detected by western blot, real time PCR and FCM respectively. For the cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) assay, SCC7 cells and CTLs were mixed and CTL-mediated SCC7 cells cytotoxicity was tested. The experiment included four groups: Control group (T lymphocyte + DC), IDO inhibition group (T lymphocyte + DC + IDO inhibitor), Anti-PD-L1 antibody group (T lymphocyte + DC + anti-PD-L1 antibody) and Combination group (T lymphocyte + DC + IDO inhibitor + anti-PD-L1 antibody). The SCC7 tumor-bearing mice treated with IDO inhibitor and the anti-PD-L1 antibody were sacrificed and the tumor inhibition rate and the spleen index were determined. @*Results@#Compared with Control group, exogenous VEGF or SCC7 co-culture inhibited the relative number of DC expressing CD11C, CD80, CD86, CD40 and MHC Ⅱ. The positive DCs were increased in the Anti-VEGF group compared with VEGF or Co-culture group. In VEGF or Co-culture group, the number of T cells stimulated by SCC7-pulsed DCs was decreased compared with Control group. However, the ability of Anti-VEGF group to induce T cell proliferation was significantly increased compared with VEGF or Co-culture group. Significantly increased expression of IDO and PD-L1 were observed in VEGF and Co-culture group. However, this was partially reversed by addition of anti-VEGF antibody into the co-culture system. Compared with Control group, the expressions of CD11C and CD86 in DC in both the IDO inhibition group and Anti-PD-L1 antibody group were increased, and were significantly higher in the Combination group compared with the single drug groups. The similar results were exhibited in MLR and CTL assay. In vivo, the results revealed that the tumors obtained from the mice in three experimental groups were smaller than those in the control group. Furthermore, the tumor volume of the Combination group was the smallest. The spleen index of each group was calculated and the results showed the spleen index of the three experimental groups was significantly higher than that of Control group.@*Conclusion@#VEGF in OSCC micro-environment inhibits the maturation and function of DC that are transformed into tolerogenic DC by high expression of IDO and PD-L1.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1245-1255, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978698

ABSTRACT

Oral mucosal drug delivery has the advantages of rapid drug absorption, no first-pass effect and good patient compliance. However, factors such as low drug dissolution, saliva carrying the drug into the gastrointestinal tract and the existence of physiological barriers in the mucosa may affect the mucosal permeation and bioavailability of the drug. Nanotechnology applied to drug oral mucosa delivery can overcome the above disadvantages and obtain efficient absorption effect. This paper describes the physiological structure of oral mucosa and the factors affecting the absorption of drugs in oral mucosa, reviews the application of nanotechnology such as liposomes, solid lipid nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, nanoemulsions, polymer nanoparticles, polymer micelles and nanohybrid suspensions in oral mucosal drug delivery and the mechanism of promoting drug absorption, summarizes the main problems of current research, and gives an outlook on the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery system. The main problems of current research are summarized, and the prospects for the application of nano oral mucosal drug delivery systems are discussed.

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