Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 1.389
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885516

ABSTRACT

We report the prenatal diagnosis and treatment of a case of primary right pulmonary deficiency. A routine ultrasound examination at 23 +6 weeks of gestation found an absent right lung, enlarged left lung, and dextroposition of the heart in a female fetus. Karyotype and chromosome microarray analysis of the amniotic fluid was normal. After multidisciplinary consultation, the pregnant woman chose to continue the pregnancy and had a normal delivery at 39 +2 gestational weeks. Apgar scores were ten at both 1 min and 5 min after birth, with no abnormal appearance of the baby, or signs of thoracic collapse other than no obvious respiratory sounds in the right lung. Both postnatal chest X-ray and CT scan indicated an undeveloped right lung. Cardiac ultrasonography revealed the absence of the right pulmonary artery and vein. The patient's breathing was stable during hospitalization and she was discharged eight days after birth. The infant was followed up at five months, and the growth and development were comparable to children of the same age.

2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 154-155, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884979

ABSTRACT

A rare case of adult granulosa cell tumors of testis with metastasis of pulmonary and retroperitoneal lymph nodes was reported. The patient was 26 years old, who underwent resection of the affected testis by orchiectomy and postoperative radiotherapy, and pulmonary and retroperitoneal lymph node metastases were detected 5 years after surgery by regular follow-up. Adult granulosa cell tumors of testis has the potential of malignancy, and the prognosis is poor if the distant metastasis occurs.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 705-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884763

ABSTRACT

The treatment of lower extremity chronic refractory ulcers requires a long time but with poor prognosis. Thus, many patients end up with amputations. The treatment of lower extremity chronic and recalcitrant ulcers and limb salvage has been a challenge worldwide. The Ilizarov technique based on the law of "tension-stress" brings a new hope in treating lower limb chronic and recalcitrant ulcers. The Ilizarov technique and distraction osteogenesis not only induce bone formation but also lead to angiogenesis and improved microcirculation. The Ilizarov technique consists of longitudinal distraction of long bone and tibia trans-verse transport (TTT) (proximal tibial corticotomy followed by transverse distraction). These two techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages with different indications in clinical application. Longitudinal distraction of long bone is mainly used for bone formation, such as large bone defects, osteonecrosis or bone infection (with or without soft tissue loss or ulcers). Because of only a partial osteotomy in TTT, the trauma is minor and their effects on limb instability are limited. Moreover, the procedure is simple with only a few minor complications. Thus, it is ideal in treating lower limb ischemic ulcers, such as diabetic foot ulcers, thromboangiitis obliterans (Buerger's disease), ulcers caused by atherosclerotic occlusion, arterial or venous ulcers, and trauma wounds. Several studies reported that TTT achieved high healing and limb salvage rates in treating severe diabetic foot ulcer. However, TTT could achieve lower recurrent rate. Thus, it is the most successful application in treatment of chronic ulcers. TTT also improves healing and limb salvage in treatment of thromboangiitis obliterans. However, the overall effects are limited than those in treating diabetic foot ulcer. For lower limb atherosclerosis occlusion, TTT induces regeneration of microvessles and consequently leads to ulcer healing. The effects are better than other conventional treatments. A combination therapy with vascularization is emphasized to attain the optimal long-term effects. The effects of TTT on lower limb recalcitrant ulcers still need to be validated in randomized control trial with larger sample size. Further, the mechanism of treatment needs to be explored by pilot studies which could show that this may be related to the formation of pro-angiogenetic factors and a rebalance of the inflammatory microenvironment during TTT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 92-102, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884694

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify and analyze different proteins expression in the periosteum of congenital pseudarthrosis of the tibia (CPT) using tandem mass tags (TMT) proteomics.Methods:The samples were divided into three groups, namely CPT with neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) group (NF1-CPT group), CPT without NF1 group (nonNF1-CPT group) and control group (patients with open tibial fracture). A fold change ≥1.5 or ≤0.66 and P-value <0.05 was regarded as the threshold to screen differentially expressed proteins (DEPs). Subsequently, bioinformatics resources such as online tools DAVID and STRING were used to conduct GO annotation, KEGG pathways enrichment and protein-protein interaction (PPI) network with DEPs. Results:A total of 347 proteins differentially expressed in NF1-CPT group, 212 of which were up-regulated and 135 down-regulated. We identified 467 DEPs in nonNF1-CPT group, including 281 up-regulated and 186 down-regulated. Among of them, NF1-CPT group and nonNF1-CPT group shared 231 DEPs, except for HLA-DRB1 which increased in NF1-CPT group but decreased in nonNF1-CPT group. The remaining 230 DEPs showed the same expression trend in the two positive groups, including 117 up-regulated and 113 down-regulated. In particular, a total of 116 proteins were altered only in NF1-CPT group, including 94 up-regulated and 22 down-regulated. However, there were 236 proteins altered only in nonNF1-CPT group, including 164 up-regulated and 72 down-regulated. The results indicated that the pathogenesis of NF1-CPT was similar as nonNF1-CPT largely with a few differences. Finally, compared with nonNF1-CPT, there were 47 proteins changed 1.5-fold and P-value <0.05 in NF1-CPT group. Conclusion:The proteins expression in the periosteum of CPT is different from that of normal tibia. The expression of periosteal protein is also different between NF1-CPT and nonNF1-CPT. The present study will deepen our understanding of the pathogenesis of CPT in the protein level.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883997

ABSTRACT

With the development of society, eating disorders(EDs) have attracted people's attention because of their chronicity, high fatality rate and heavy social burden. However, the current treatment mainly includes psychotherapy and drug therapy, but the therapeutic effect is not satisfactory. Studies suggest that patients with EDs have brain abnormalities related to the prefrontal cortex. In recent years, the neuromodulation therapies, especially the non-invasive neuromodulation therapies, have become a research hotspot because of their few side effects and easy to use. At present, they have been used in mental disorders such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, substance addiction and so on. A small number of studies on EDs have also been carried out. This paper reviews the related studies on anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, and introduces the working principles of deep brain stimulation, transcranial magnetic stimulation and direct current stimulation and their efficacy in the treatment of EDs. Previous studies have shown that neuromodulation therapies are effective in the treatment of EDs. However, the existing research results are not exactly same, and the best parameters need to be clarified. In the future study, it is necessary to integrate cognitive, neuroimaging and biomarker data to identify different endophenotypes in EDs, so as to help clarify the disease mechanism, help patients with EDs to formulate individual treatment plans, improve clinical symptoms, and put forward suggestions and prospects for future research and application.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To preliminarily compile the words list of personality in southern China, and structurally analyse the words with natural personality traits.Methods:A semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain 603 valid questionnaires in six provinces in southern China, and the lexical collation, consolidation, deletion, lexicographic analysis and structural analysis were conducted.Results:(1)After three rounds of collation and merging of 8 022 natural words describing personality traits, a personality trait word list containing 136 words was obtained.(2)Econometric analysis of words according to positivity, neutrality and negativity, showed that all negative words involving moral evaluations (ruthless, vicious, evil, cunning, narrow-minded and so on) were used to describe others, while negative words describing oneself were mainly non-virtuous words (capricious, stubborn, impatient, impetuous, pessimistic and so on). (3) The proportion of desirability and virtue dimensions in the words list was highest(23.20%, 16.80%); and the proportion of desirability and extroversion in total words frequency was highest(24.39%, 19.96%).Conclusion:A personality word list containing 136 personality traits in southern China is compiled from primary sources; and a 7-factor personality structure was latent in the word list.Subjects are richer in describing the content of the vocabulary of agreeable, virtuous, pioneering, and persevering personality traits, while agreeable and extroverted personality traits are most easily perceived in interpersonal interactions.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883748

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the etiology of high myopia and the correlation between best corrected visual acuity and myopic diopter and fundus lesions.Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients (198 eyes) with high myopia diagnosed in Yuyao Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine from December 2018 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The factors that influence high myopia were analyzed. Myopic diopter, the type and severity of fundus lesions, and best corrected visual acuity were evaluated. The correlation between observation indexes was analyzed.Results:The occurrence of high myopia was related to partial lens opacity, fundus aberrations, corneal pannus and heredity. Unconditional multivariable logistic regression revealed that parental myopia [73 (83.91%) vs. 39 (57.34%)], outdoor activities < 4.17 h [47 (89.36%) vs. 24 (61.54%), 26 (68.42%), 20 (65.42%)] are the risk factors of high myopia ( χ2 = 13.427, 10.300, P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). Pearson linear correlation analysis showed that myopia diopter was negatively correlated with best corrected visual acuity ( r = -0.729, P < 0.001). Tigroid fundus, tilted optic disc, β-zone parapapillary atrophy and posterior polar annular choroidal dystrophy were positively correlated with best corrected visual acuity ( r = 0.461, 0.732, 0.528, 0.825, P < 0.05 or P < 0.001). The severity of lesion was negatively correlated with best corrected visual acuity( r = -0.673, P < 0.001). Conclusion:The myopia diopter and fundus lesion characteristics in patients with high myopia are closely related to best corrected visual acuity, which can be used to evaluate patient's condition and provide guidance for prevention and treatment of high myopia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883411

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of ulinastatin combined with early enteral nutrition on severe acute pancreatitis and its effect on nuclear factor-κB(NF-κB) and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4).Methods:Ninety severe acute pancreatitis patients who were treated in Central Hospital of Lijin County from January 2016 to January 2020 were selected and were divided into U+EEN group (ulinastatin combined with early enteral nutrition therapy) and EEN group (early enteral nutrition therapy) by random number table method, with 45 patients in each group. Curative effect, complications, nutritional indicators, immunoglobulins and inflammatory factors were detected and compared with analysis of variance. Western blot was used to detect the expression of NF-κB and TLR4 in pancreatic tissue in two groups.Results:The hospitalization time, ICU admission time, intestinal ventilation time, hospitalization costs and organ failure rate, pancreatic cysts, diabetes, chronic pancreatitis, incidence of sepsis in U + EEN group were lower than those in EEN group: (2.1 ± 0.4) months vs. (2.4 ± 0.6) months, (16.9 ± 2.1) d vs. (21.7 ± 2.8) d, (23.7 ± 3.8) d vs. (27.4 ± 4.1) d, (11.4 ± 1.5) thousand Yuan vs. (14.1 ± 2.1) thousand Yuan and 8.9%(4/45) vs. 20.0%(9/45), 13.3%(6/45) vs. 28.9%(13/45), 11.1%(5/45) vs. 24.4%(11/45), 8.9%(4/45) vs. 26.7%(12/45), 6.7%(3/45) vs. 22.2%(10/45), and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of prealbumin (PA), albumin (ALB) and total protein (TP) after treatment in U + EEN group were higher than those in EEN group: (107.4 ± 6.5) mg/L vs. (102.8 ± 4.7) mg/L, (46.1 ± 3.5) g/L vs. (43.4 ± 2.8) g/L, (55.9 ± 3.4) g/L vs. (53.7 ± 3.1) g/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The levels of IgG, IgA, IgM after treatment in U+EEN group were higher than those in EEN group: (10.5 ± 1.6) g/L vs. (9.5 ± 1.3) g/L, (8.9 ± 1.4) mg/L vs. (8.3 ± 1.2) mg/L, (60.5 ± 3.6) mg/L vs. (55.9 ± 3.4) mg/L, the levels of tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 in U+EEN group were lower than those in EEN group: (25.1 ± 2.9) mg/L vs. (30.6 ± 4.1) mg/L, (20.1 ± 1.9) mg/L vs. (24.6 ± 1.5) mg/L, (17.8 ± 1.9) mg/L vs. (20.1 ± 2.3) mg/L, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). The expressions of NF-κB and TLR4 protein in pancreatic tissue of patients in U + EEN group were significantly lower than those in EEN group (0.3 ± 0.2 vs. 0.5 ± 0.2, 0.2 ± 0.1 vs. 0.5 ± 0.1, P<0.05). Conclusions:Ulinastatin combined with early enteral nutrition can significantly improve the nutritional status and immune function and improve the prognosis of patients with severe acute pancreatitis, which may be related to ulinastatin′s reduction effect of NF-κB and TLR4′s expressions.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of spectral computed tomo-graphy (CT) multi-parameter imaging in predicting gastric cancer lymph node metastasis.Methods:The retrospective case-control study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 86 patients with gastric cancer who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to June 2017 were collected. There were 53 males and 33 females, aged from 22 to 87 years, with a median age of 53 years. All patients received abdominal plain scan and arterial and venous phase contrast spectral scan. Images of plain scan, 70 keV monochromatic and iodine-based images in arterial and venous phase were analyzed on post-processing working station. Observation indicators: (1) gastric cancer lymph node metastasis; (2) analysis of influencing factors for lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer; (3) introduction of special cases. Count data were described as absolute numbers. Univariate analysis was performed using the chi-square test or rank sum test. Multivariate analysis was conducted using the Logistic regression model.Results:(1) Gastric cancer lymph node metastasis: of the 86 patients, 64 cases had lymph nodes metastasis and 22 had no lymph nodes metastasis. (2) Analysis of influencing factors for lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer: results of univariate analysis showed that tumor growth pattern, tumor diameter, infiltration of peritumor fat, CT value in arterial phase, CT value in venous phase, iodine value in venous phase were related factors affecting lymph nodes metastasis in gastric cancer ( χ2=6.753, Z=-3.180, χ2=7.649, Z=-2.051, -2.971, -2.547, P<0.05). Results of multivariate analysis showed that infiltration of peritumor fat and the iodine value in venous phase were greater than 12(100 μg/cm 3) and not greater than 16(100 μg/cm 3), or greater than 16(100 μg/cm 3) were independent risk factors affecting lymph nodes metastasis in gastric cancer ( odds ratio=13.154, 3.761, 7.583, 95% confidence interval as 2.597-66.620, 1.893-8.572, 4.769-16.692, P<0.05). (3) Introduction of special cases: case 1 was male, aged 46 years. Results of preoperative spectral CT enhanced scan showed gastric antrum space occupying lesion combined with enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement arterial phase, spectral CT 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed gastric wall thickening with mild to moderate enhancement, clear fat space in serosa and enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature. The spectral CT 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images below pylorus level in the transverse view showed subpyloric enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement venous phase, the 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed layered enhancement of gastric antrum lesions and mucosal enhancement, with a high iodine value. The patient was diagnosed as gastric antrum cancer with lymph node metastasis, no serosal or peritumoral fat invasion. Results of postoperative pathological examination showed moderately differentiated adenocarcinoma of gastric antrum with serosal invasion and lymph node metastasis. Case 2 was male, aged 53 years. Results of preoperative spectral CT enhanced scan showed gastric cancer of lesser curvature combined with enlarged lymph nodes. During enhancement arterial phase, 70 keV monochromatic images and corresponding iodine-based images of primary lesion layer in the transverse view showed gastric wall heterogeneous thickening of lesser curvature, with moderate enhancement, obscure peritumor fat space, unclear serosa, and multiple enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature. During enhancement venous phase, 70 keV monochromatic images in the transverse view showed unclear boundary between lesions and enlarged lymph nodes in lesser curvature, obscure peritumor fat. During enhancement arterial phase, 70 keV monochromatic images of celiac trunk layer in the transverse view showed parasplenic artery lymph nodes, with circular enhancement and no enhancement in central necrotic elements. The patient was diagnosed as gastric cancer of lesser curvature with lymph node metastasis, serosal and peritumor fat invasion. Results of postoperative pathological examination showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma of gastric antrum with serosal invasion and lymph node metastasis. Conclusion:The infiltration of peritumor fat and iodine value in venous phase are independent factors affecting gastric cancer lymph node metastasis.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the associations between attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and serum vitamin B levels in children.Methods:A total of 103 ADHD children who were diagnosed in the Department of Child and Adolescent Healthcare of Children′s Hospital of Soochow University from September 2018 to April 2019 were selected as the ADHD group, and 89 children of the same age who underwent routine physical examinations served as the healthy control group.The serum levels of vitamin B, including vitamin B 1, vitamin B 2, vitamin B 6, vitamin B 9, and vitamin B 12, were measured by the methods of electrochemistry.Weiss Functional Impairment Rating Scale-Parent Report (WFIRS-P) was applied to analyze the correlation between social function scores and vitamin B levels in ADHD children. Results:The levels of vitamin B 9[(12.55±2.22) nmol/L vs.(13.26±2.54) nmol/L] and vitamin B 12 [(278.54±32.00) ng/L vs.(288.90±31.32) ng/L] in ADHD children were significantly lower than those in healthy children( t=-2.064, -2.261, all P<0.05). No significant difference was observed in serum levels of vitamin B 1, vitamin B 2 and vitamin B 6 between the 2 groups (all P>0.05). Correlation analysis displayed that only vitamin B 12 level was significantly and negatively correlated with social function in the learning/school dimension ( r=-0.208, P=0.035), and no significant correlation was found between other vitamin B levels and social function (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The serum levels of vitamin B 9 and B 12 in ADHD children were obviously lower than those in healthy children of the same age.Serum vitamin B 12 deficiency had an influence on the social function of the learning/school in ADHD children.Attention to the monitoring and timely supplementation of vitamin B in childhood, especially vitamin B 9 and B 12, may be of positive significance in the prevention of the occurrence and development of ADHD to some extent.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882669

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of mechanical chest compression device in patients with cardiac arrest.Methods:The relevant literatures about mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation were systematically searched from China Knowledge Network (CNKI), VIP, Wanfang, PubMed, Web of Science and other databases. The effective data were extracted and analyzed by RevMan5.3 software.Results:A total of 20 clinical studies involving 29 727 patients were included, of which 11 104 patients received mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and 18 623 patients received traditional manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. The results of meta-analysis showed that mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation could not effectively improve the restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) rate, admission survival rate, discharge survival rate and neurological prognosis in patients with cardiac arrest compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. ROSC occurrence rate ( RR=1.10, 95% CI: 0.99-1.23, P<0.01), admission survival rate ( RR=1.01, 95% CI: 0.95-1.08, P=0.67), discharge survival rate ( RR=1.00, 95% CI: 0.86-1.15, P=0.14), and good neurological function rate ( RR=0.81, 95% CI: 0.61-1.06, P=0.69) showed no significant differences between the mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation and manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Conclusions:Mechanical chest compression device has no advantage compared with manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Mechanical cardiopulmonary resuscitation is not recommended to completely replace manual chest compression in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882027

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish an indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk after transmission interruption in Hubei Province, so as to provide insights into the precise control of schistosomiasis. Methods The indicator system was preliminarily established based on data collection, literature review, expert interviews. Two rounds of expert consultation were performed. The indicator system was screened based on the importance, operability, sensitivity and comprehensive score of the indicators, and the weights of each indicator were calculated. The credibility of the Delphi method was evaluated by calculating the active coefficient of the experts, degree of expert authority and coordination levels of experts’ opinions. Results An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk was preliminarily established, including 3 primary indicators, 12 secondary indicators and 44 tertiary indicators. A Delphi consultation was performed among 17 experts participating in schistosomiasis control, management and research. Following two rounds of consultation, a risk assessment indicator system was finally constructed, including 3 primary indicators, 10 secondary indicators and 35 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, the variable with the highest normalized weight was the current status of schistosomiasis (0.420 2), followed by social factors (0.397 3) and natural environments (0.182 5). Among the secondary indicators, those with high combined weights included risk monitoring (0.142 3), current snail status (0.140 1), and current prevalence of human and livestock infections (0.137 8). Among the tertiary indicators, those with high combined weights included the positive rate of wild feces (0.049 8), the prevalence of snail infections (0.047 4), and the area of snail habitats submerged by floods (0.046 8). During the two-round consultation, the active coefficients of the experts were 85.00% and 100.00%, the degree of expert authority was both 0.75 and greater, and the coordination levels of experts’ opinions were 0.405 to 0.521 and 0.592 to 0.695 (all P values < 0.05). Conclusion An indicator system for assessment of schistosomiasis transmission risk is successfully established after transmission interruption in Hubei Province based on the Delphi method, which provides insights into the identification of the schistosomiasis transmission risk and the targets for schistosomiasis control in Hubei Province.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881468

ABSTRACT

In order to strictly control and prevent the risk of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) transmission through imported cold-chain foods, Shanghai has implemented many multiple countermeasures, including “Three PointsIntermediate Sites, One Transit Cold Storage” and “Four Drive Linkage”. Shanghai cold-chain information traceability system and other operating mechanisms have been established, according to the guidance of “One Single Plan”. The multilevel, overall, traceable, life cycle and whole processand closed-loop control regulatory system, called “Shanghai mode of control” for imported cold-chain food has been basically formed, which would facilitate precise regulation and management of create an accurate management system for imported cold-chain foods.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881083

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer-related anemia (CCRA) is mainly caused by systemic inflammation, intestinal bleeding, iron deficiency and chemotherapy-induced myelosuppression in colon cancer. However, the best therapeutic schedule and related mechanism on CCRA were still uncertain. Studies on blood enrichment and anti-tumor effects of combined Danggui Buxue Decoction (DBD), Fe and rhEPO based on CCRA and gut microbiota modulation were conducted in this paper. Here, CCRA model was successfully induced by subcutaneous inoculation of CT-26 and i.p. oxaliplatin, rhEPO + DBD high dosage + Fe (EDF) and rhEPO + DBD high dosage (ED) groups had the best blood enrichment effect. Attractively, EDF group also showed antitumor activity. The sequencing results of gut microbiota showed that compared to P group, the relative abundances of Lachnospiraceae and opportunistic pathogen (Odoribacter) in ED and EDF groups were decreased. Interestingly, EDF also decreased the relative abundances of cancer-related bacteria (Helicobacter, Lactococcus, Alloprevotella) and imbalance-inducing bacteria (Escherichia-Shigella and Parabacteroides) and increased the relative abundances of butyrate-producing bacteria (Ruminococcaceae_UCG-014), however, ED showed the opposite effects to EDF, this might be the reason of the smaller tumor volume in EDF group. Our findings proposed the best treatment combination of DBD, rhEPO and Fe in CCRA and provided theoretical basis and literature reference for CCRA-induced intestinal flora disorder and the regulatory mechanism of EDF.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881061

ABSTRACT

Rhododendron molle G. Don is first recorded in Shengnong's Herbal Classic, and its fruits, which are termed as Liuzhouzi, are often used to treat rheumatoid arthritis in Chinese folk. During our ongoing investigation to develop a safer and potential new arthritis therapy, a process for the preparation of diterpenoid fraction from Rhododendron mollefruits was established. In order to evaluate the main components and the anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect of the diterpenoid fraction, phytochemical and pharmacological experiments were used. As the result, the main components of diterpenoid fraction were identified as rhodojaponin III (1), rhodojaponin VI (2), 2-O-methylrhodojaponin (3), and 5'-β-D-glucopyranosy-loxyjasmonic acid (4). These four components constitute greater than 95% of diterpenoid fraction using area normalization method of HPLC-ELSD. The results of CIA rat experiment showed that high dose of diterpenoid fraction (0.6 mg·kg

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880637

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a rare disease with non-specific and various clinical manifestations, often leading to misdiagnosis. This study aims to raise the awareness of this disease via summarizing the clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and therapy of PAP.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 25 hospitalized cases of PAP during 2008 and 2019 in the Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine of the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University.@*RESULTS@#Cough with unkown reason and dyspnea were common clinical manifastations of PAP. Five patients had a history of occupational inhalational exposure. Sixteen patients had typical image features including ground-glass opacification of alveolar spaces and thickening of the interlobular and intralobular septa, in typical shapes called crazy-paving and geographic pattern. Fourteen patients underwent pulmonary function tests, revealing a reduction in the diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide. The positive rate of transbronchial biopsy was 95%. Five patients received the whole lung lavage and the symptoms and imaging fcauters significantly relieved after five-years follow-up.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PAP is characterized by radiographic pattern and pathology. Transbronchial lung biopsy is effective to make diagnosis of PAP. The whole lung lavage remains a efficient therapy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Cough , Dyspnea , Humans , Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis/therapy , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880175

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical correlation of expression level changes of miR-181b and miR-194 to the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), and determine plasma miR-181b and miR-194 as the potential biomarkers for aGVHD.@*METHODS@#The plasma samples were collected from 31 patients who underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) at before HSCT, 15 days after HSCT and onset of aGVHD. The expression levels of miR-181b and miR-194 were detected by quantitative real-time PCR. Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the sensitivity and specificity of miRNA biomarkers for the diagnosis of aGVHD.@*RESULTS@#MiR-181b and miR-194 downregulated after treatment were significantly upregulated in the plasma at onset of aGVHD (P0.05). The expressions of plasma miR-181b and miR-194 collected on day 15 after HSCT were significantly upregulated in the patients with aGVHD in comparison with non-GVHD patients (P<0.05). Moreover, these elevated miRNAs were detected before aGVHD. The AUC of miR-181b predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.05 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.69). The AUC of miR-194 predicting aGVHD was 0.91±0.06 (specificity was 0.94, sensitivity was 0.77).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-181b and miR-194 may serve as early biomarkers for the diagnosis and prognosis of aGVHD.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Biomarkers , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , MicroRNAs , Transplantation, Homologous
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the difference in the therapeutic effect of plasma exchange and continuous renal replacement therapy (PE+CRRT) combined with chemotherapy in the treatment of children with severe Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) and non-EBV-HLH.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 21 cases of all children with severe HLH treated by PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy from January 2017 to January 2020 were collected and retrospectively analyzed. According to the presence of EBV infection, the children were divided into EBV@*RESULTS@#Among the 21 children, 14 were divided into the EBV@*CONCLUSION@#PE+CRRT combined with chemotherapy can reduce serum ferritin quickly, then improve organ function, and increase the overall survival rate of severe HLH, and it is a good effect on children with severe EBV-HLH and non-EBV-HLH.


Subject(s)
Child , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Plasma Exchange , Retrospective Studies
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the molecular characteristics of a recombinant allele of the ABO blood group.@*METHODS@#The ABO phenotype was determined with the tube method. The coding regions of the ABO and FUT1 genes were analyzed by PCR-sequence based typing. The ABO alleles of the proband were determined by allele-specific primer sequencing. The full sequences of the ABO gene of the proband and her mother were determined through next generation sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The red blood cells of the proband did not agglutinate with anti-H, and the sequence of the FUT1 gene was homozygous for c.551_552delAG.The proband was thereby assigned as para-Bombay. Bi-directional sequencing also found that she was heterozygous for c.261G/del,467C>T,c.526C>G,c.657C>T,c.703G>A,c.796C>A,c.803G>C and c.930G>A of the coding regions of the ABO gene. Allele-specific primer sequencing also found her to carry a ABO*A1.02 allele and a recombinant allele from ABO*O.01.01 and ABO*B.01. The recombination site was located between nucleotide c.375-269 and c.526, and the allele was maternally derived.@*CONCLUSION@#An recombinant allele of the ABO gene has been identified, which has originated from recombination of ABO*O.01.01 with the ABO*B.01 allele.


Subject(s)
ABO Blood-Group System/genetics , Alleles , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Female , Fucosyltransferases/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Phenotype , Recombination, Genetic
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878877

ABSTRACT

Rhei Radix et Rhizoma(RRR) is a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, with extensive pharmacological effects and clinical applications. This paper summarized processing history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical compositions and pharmacological effects, and provided feasible insights for further studies on the chemical compositions and pharmacological effects of RRR before and after processing. Relevant information demonstrated that RRR has a long history of processing and various methods. At pre-sent, Chinese Pharmacopoeia mainly records four processing methods: cleaning(raw RRR), wine processing(RRR stir-fried with wine), steaming processing(RRR wine steaming), fried charcoal(RRR charring). RRR has a good effect in clearing heat effect, hemostatic effect and blood promoting effect, and its main chemical components are anthraquinone/anthrones, stilbene, phenylbutanone, chromogens, flavonoids and tannin compounds. This paper reviewed the history evolution of RRR and its effect on chemical composition and pharmacological changes, and put forward further study ideas, with the aim to provide a basic reference for processing mechanism, effective material basis and clinical application of RRR.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Plant Roots/chemistry , Rhizome/chemistry , Wine
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL