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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985453

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the distribution of blood pressure and analyze the associated factors of blood pressure of the elderly with type 2 diabetes in Jiangsu Province. Methods: The elderly over 60 years old participants with type 2 diabetes in the communities of Huai'an City and Changshu City, Jiangsu Province were selected in this study. They were divided into two groups: taking antihypertensive drugs and not taking antihypertensive drugs. The demographic characteristics, such as age and sex, and relevant factors were collected by questionnaire. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were measured by physical examination. The percentile of SBP and DBP in each age group of men and women were described. The kernel density estimation curve was used to show the blood pressure distribution. The trend of blood pressure with age was fitted by locally weighted regression. The logistic regression model was used to analyze relevant factors of blood pressure. Results: A total of 12 949 participants were included in this study, including 7 775 patients in the antihypertensive drug group and 5 174 patients in the group without antihypertensive drugs. The SBP of participants was concentrated at 140-160 mmHg, and their DBP was concentrated at 75-85 mmHg. There were significant differences in the distribution of blood pressure among the subgroups of body mass index (BMI) and rural areas whether taking antihypertensive drugs and not. For participants aged under 80 years old, the SBP showed an increasing trend with age and the DBP showed a decreasing trend with age. Age, BMI ≥24 kg/m2, fasting blood glucose ≥7.0 mmol/L, living in rural areas and no smoking were influencing factors of the elevated SBP; BMI ≥24 kg/m2, male, living in rural areas, no smoking, drinking alcohol and not receiving drug hypoglycemic treatment were influencing factors of the elevated DBP. Conclusion: The SBP of older diabetic adults in Jiangsu Province is at a high level, and the distribution of blood pressure is significantly different between men and women in taking antihypertensive drugs group. The SBP presents a rising trend and the DBP is decreasing at the age of 60-80 years. The blood pressure level of this population are mainly affected by age, BMI, urban and rural areas, smoking.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Pressure/physiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/epidemiology , Antihypertensive Agents/therapeutic use , Smoking , Body Mass Index , Hypertension/epidemiology
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996411

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the death prevalence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases and the life expectancy of premature death caused by them in Suzhou, and to provide data basis for the health administrative department to formulate the prevention and control policies of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Methods Based on the death data of ischemic heart disease and stroke of residents in Suzhou from 2011 to 2020, the death prevalence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases during the past decade was calculated. The years of life lost (YLLs), years of life lost per thousand (YLL rate) and annual percentage of change (APC) caused by ischemic heart disease and stroke were calculated. The YLLs and YLL rates of different age groups and different genders were also calculated. Results From 2011 to 2020, the average annual mortality rate of ischemic heart disease in Suzhou was 45.61/100 000, and the mortality rate showed an upward trend in the past decade. The average annual mortality rate of stroke was 174.23/100 000, with a trend of decreasing first and then increasing in the past decade. From 2011 to 2020, the disease burden caused by ischemic heart disease in Suzhou totaled 359,153.97 YLLs, with a YLL rate of 6.77 person years per 1000 people, and an APC of 2.05%. The YLLs caused by stroke death were 1 269,193.8 person years, the YLL rate was 23.91 person years per thousand, and the APC was 1.35%. Conclusion From 2011 to 2020, the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in Suzhou has achieved certain results, but ischemic heart disease and stroke are still important causes affecting the health of people and causing death and life loss of the elderly in Suzhou. The prevention and treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases still has a long way to go, and it is necessary to continue strengthening the screening, monitoring and intervention work.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996055

ABSTRACT

In the process of multi-campus hospital development, the main challenge of hospital human resource management is to meet the rapidly increasing demand for human resources in new hospital areas, ensure the quality of medical human resources, improve the efficiency of human resource management, and ensure effective balance among the three. Over the years of practice, the Second Affiliated Hospital Zhejiang University School of Medicine had always adhered to " hospital area coordinated management" and " personnel homogeneous management" , coordinated personnel recruitment and introduction, coordinated human resource allocation across multi-campus in the same discipline, unified job management across multi-campus, unified employee qualification, assessment and training system, and established an integrated digital human resource management platform, which ensured the high-quality expansion and reasonable layout of the hospital′s human resources, and ensured the rational layout and orderly development of disciplines.

4.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994811

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical, pathological and genetic characteristics of myopathy-type very long chain acyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase deficiency (VLCADD).Methods:The detailed clinical data, muscle biopsy pathology and molecular results of 4 patients with genetically confirmed myopathy-type VLCADD admitted to Henan Provincial People′s Hospital and Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from June 2014 to November 2019 were retrospectively analyzed.Results:All of the 4 patients were late-onset myopathy-type VLCADD. The onset age ranged from 13 to 16 years, with a mean age of 14.5 years. The age at diagnosis ranged from 21 to 54 years, with a mean age of 42.5 years. The main clinical manifestation was repeated rhabdomyolysis, including myalgia, weakness and dark urine. Obvious somnolence was observerd in 1 patient. Muscle biopsy pathology revealed mild lipid accumulation, without vacuoles. Six ACADVL variations were detected in the 4 patients, including c.1283G>A (p.R428H), c.1532G>A (p.R511Q), c.833_835delAGA (p.K278del), c.1843C>T (p.R615 *), c.1748C>T (p.S583L) and c.1391C>T (p.T464I),among which c.1391C>T (p.T464I) was a novel variation, predicted to be likely pathogenic. Other 5 variations were reported pathogenic variations. Conclusions:Myopathy-type VLCADD is characterized by paroxysmal rhabdomyolysis and can be associated with somnolence. There is no specificity in muscle pathology. There are ACADVL variations, among which c.1391C>T is a novel variation.

5.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 357-360, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994473

ABSTRACT

This review summarizes dietary characteristics of patients with psoriasis, discusses effects of gluten-free diet, Mediterranean diet and dietary intervention-induced weight loss on psoriasis, and analyzes the efficacy of dietary supplements in the treatment of psoriasis, such as fish oil, vitamin D, vitamin B12, selenium, and probiotics.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994195

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) on postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery.Methods:Sixty-eight pediatric patients of both sexes, aged 3-15 yr, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰor Ⅱ, undergoing elective lower extremity orthopedic surgery under general anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups ( n=34 each) by the random number table method: TEAS group (group T) and control group (group C). In group T, the bilateral Hegu and Neiguan acupoints were stimulated starting from 10 min before induction of anesthesia until the end of procedure, with the frequency of disperse-dense wave of 2/10 Hz, and the current intensity was gradually adjusted to the maximum intensity (10-15 mA) that children could tolerate. In group C, the electrodes were applied to the same acupoints, but electrical stimulation was not applied. The severity of pain was assessed by the Faces Pain Scale-Revised scale immediately after returning to the ward and at 2, 24 and 48 h after operation. The emergence agitation was evaluated using the Pediatric Anesthesia Emergence Delirium scale. The intraoperative consumption of propofol and remifentanil and time to extubation after stopping administration were recorded. The time to first pressing of patient-controlled analgesia (PCA), effective pressing times of PCA on 1st and 2nd days after surgery and postoperative adverse reactions such as postoperative nausea and vomiting, pruritus, drowsiness, and respiratory depression were recorded. Results:Compared with group C, the Faces Pain Scale-Revised scale scores were significantly decreased immediately after returning to the ward and at 2, 24 and 48 h after operation, the incidence of emergence agitation and intraoperative consumption of remifentanil were decreased, the time to extubation was shortened, the time to first pressing of PCA was prolonged, and the effective pressing times of PCA on 1st and 2nd days after surgery were decreased ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the intraoperative consumption of propofol and incidence of postoperative adverse reactions between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:TEAS can effectively enhance the effect of postoperative patient-controlled intravenous analgesia in pediatric patients undergoing lower extremity orthopedic surgery.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the prescription and medication law of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) compounds in the treatment of vascular dementia (VD) based on patent database.Methods:TCM compounds with patents about VD were retrieved from Chinese patent announcement website of the State Intellectual Property Office and CNKI. The retrieval time was from the establishment to the databases to 31 st, March 2022. The frequency, clusteringand association analysis were carried out with the help of TCM inheritance auxiliary platform (V2.5). The medication law was analyzed. Results:154 TCM compound patents for the treatment of vascular dementia were screened, involving 227 kinds of Chinese materia medica. Among them, Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (44 times, 28.57%) was used more frequently, and the common medicinal pair was Salviea Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma- Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma (17 times, 11.03%). The medicinal property was mainly warm, the taste was mainly sweet, and the meridian was mainly liver meridian. Those with high confidence based on association rules were " Corni Fructus -Acori Tatarinowii Rhizoma" (0.90), " Corni Fructus -Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata" (0.90). Based on the complex network, it was concluded that the core drugs were 14 groups such as " Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata- Cistanches Herba- Corni Fructus". The new prescriptions extracted by entropy cluster analysis included 7 groups such as " Rehmannize Radix et Praeparata, Cistanches Herba, Corni Fructus and Asparagi Radix". Conclusion:The treatment of VD by TCM compounds with national patents is mainly based on tonifying deficiency, promoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, eliminating phlegm and dampness, expelling wind and dredging collaterals, opening orifices and resuscitation, which can provide reference for clinical practice and new drug research and development.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989649

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the correlation between Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) syndrome types of Sj?gren syndrome (SS) and blood test parameters, immunological function and disease activity.Methods:A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted. The clinical data of 242 SS inpatients in the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of Jiangsu Province Hospital of TCM from February 2021 to June 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. We compared the general data (gender, age, course of disease, BMI), blood parameters [WBC, hemoglobin (Hb), PLT, neutrophil count (NEUT), lymphocyte count(LYMPH), neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR)], immunological indicators (globulin, IgG, IgA, IgM, rheumatoid factor (RF), anti-SSA antibody, anti-SSB antibody, anti-Ro-52 antibody) .The distribution difference of disease activity [Disease Activity Index of Sjogren's syndrome (ESSDAI) and Patient Report Index of Sjogren's syndrome (ESSPRI)], the correlation between each syndrome type and blood routine parameters, immunological indicators and inflammatory indicators was analyzed by binary logistic regression.Results:They were divided into 82 cases of qi yin deficiency syndrome, 61 cases of yin deficiency and fluid deficiency syndrome, 59 cases of yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, 32 cases of yin deficiency and heat toxin syndrome, and 8 cases of other syndrome types. Because the number of other syndrome types was small, they were not included in this study. Logistic regression analysis showed that the positive rate of anti SSA antibody was negatively correlated with IgM [ OR (95% CI)=0.570 (0.407, 0.798)] ( P<0.01). The positive rates of anti SSB antibody and anti Ro-52 antibody were negatively correlated with LYMPH [ OR (95% CI)=0.445 (0.223, 0.886), 0.457 (0.224, 0.932), respectively] ( P<0.05). The positive rates of anti SSB antibody and anti Ro-52 antibody were positively correlated with IgG [ OR (95% CI)=1.171 (1.034, 1.325), 1.159 (1.014, 1.325), respectively] ( P<0.05). Qi Yin deficiency syndrome was positively correlated with WBC [ OR (95% CI)=2.590 (1.120, 5.987)] ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with LYMPH [ OR (95% CI)=0.090 (0.017, 0.470)] and IgA [ OR (95% CI)=0.728 (0.553, 0.959)] ( P<0.05). Yin deficiency and fluid deficiency syndrome were negatively correlated with PLT [ OR (95% CI)=0.991 (0.984, 0.998)], ESSPRI [ OR (95% CI)=0.705 (0.506, 0.983)], ESSDAI [ OR (95% CI)=0.716 (0.534, 0.960)] ( P<0.05). Yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome was positively correlated with IgA [ OR (95% CI)=1.184 (1.028, 1.363)] ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with anti SSB antibody positive rate [ OR (95% CI)=0.247 (0.093, 0.659)] ( P<0.05). Yin deficiency heat toxin syndrome was positively correlated with IgA [ OR (95% CI)=1.368 (1.037, 1.803)] ( P<0.05), and negatively correlated with anti SSB antibody positive rate [ OR (95% CI)=0.278 (0.085, 0.909)] ( P<0.05). Conclusion:The level of immunoglobulin, inflammatory index and disease activity of yin deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and yin deficiency and heat toxin syndrome are high, and blood system damage and exocrine gland disease are easy to occur, which can provide clinical basis for the combination of disease and syndrome differentiation and treatment of SS.

9.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 49-55,C3,C4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989404

ABSTRACT

Objective:Three-dimensional simulation modeling technology was used to conduct three-dimensional reconstruction, classification and measurement for the anatomic structures of colorectal canal, tumor and key blood vessels in patients with rectal cancer before operation. And the accuracy of the data and information obtained for the prediction of anastomotic tension, important types of vascular variant, positioning of anatomical landmarks, etc. in laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of rectal cancer, and the guiding effect of operation was evaluated.Methods:The clinical data of 50 patients with laparoscopic-assisted radical resection of rectal cancer treated in the General Surgery Department, Beijing Ditan Hospital Capital Medical University from January 2019 to February 2021 were analyzed retrospectively, including 31 males and 19 females, aged from 42 to 83 years old, with an average age of (62.72 ±15.21) years. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether the patients underwent three-dimensional simulation reconstruction before operation. The patients who underwent abdomen pelvic enhancement CT and further three-dimensional reconstruction before surgery were taken as reconstruction group ( n=24), and the patients who were only routinely performed abdomen pelvic enhancement CT before operation were taken as control group ( n=26). For the patients in the reconstruction group, the CT images were modeled by Mimics software before operation, and the key data such as the length of colorectal and tumor, the correlation length of rigid structure of pelvic wall, the length of inferior mesenteric artery (IMA) from the bifurcation point of left and right arteria iliaca communis, the type and proportion of IMA variation, the length of left colonic artery (LCA) from the beginning of IMA and the distance between LCA and IMV were measured, and the consistency correlation coefficient (CCC) was analyzed with the actual data obtained during operation. And then the accuracy of three-dimensional simulation modeling technology for surgical guidance was evaluated. MedCalc 19.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results:In the reconstruction group, regarding the data of each dimension of the model (intestinal tract, pelvic cavity, blood vessels) and the corresponding structural measurements during the operation, the consistent correlation coefficient (CCC) evaluation was more than 0.9. One case was predicted to have free splenic flexure of colon and one case actually had free splenic flexure of colon. The prediction accuracy was 100%. The IMA variants in the reconstruction group were divided into 4 types, all of which were verified by operation. Compared with the control group, the operation time ( P=0.011) and the location time (IMA, P=0.043; LCA, P=0.007; IMV, P=0.034) of each vessel in the reconstruction group were shorter, and the amount of intraoperative blood loss was less ( P=0.017). Conclusion:The application of three-dimensional simulation modeling technology before operation is helpful for the operator to accurately predict the intraoperative anastomotic tension, the type of IMA variation and the related diameter length, based on which the accurate operation plan can be made to guide the operation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989191

ABSTRACT

Post-stroke depression (PSD) refers to a series of affective disorder syndrome characterized by low mood and lack of interest after stroke, often accompanied by physical symptoms, which is a common complication of stroke. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, such as repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation have been widely used in the treatment of PSD in recent years. This article summarizes the research progress of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation and transcranial direct current stimulation in the treatment of PSD.

11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 495-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986159

ABSTRACT

Objective: To study using isotope-labeled relative and absolute quantitative proteomics methodologies to screen for salivary biological markers as a simple, non-invasive tool for identifying hepatitis B-related HCC at an early stage. Methods: Saliva samples were collected to extract salivary proteins. Isotope-labeled relative and absolute quantitative proteomics were used to analyze the differentially expressed proteins between the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and non-HCC groups. Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays were used to verify differential proteins and identify markers in liver cancer tissues and saliva. Statistical analysis was used to analyze the diagnostic efficiency of salivary biomarkers. Results: 152 differentially expressed salivary proteins were screened out between the HCC and non-HCC groups. Western blot, immunohistochemistry, and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays validated that the expressions of α-1-acid glycoprotein 1 (ORM1) and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) were significantly increased in HCC (P < 0.05). There was a significant correlation between salivary AFP and serum AFP (P < 0.05). HCC was diagnosed when salivary α-1-acid glycoprotein 1 combined with AFP. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.8726 (95% confidence interval: 0.8104 ~ 0.9347), the sensitivity was 78.3%, and the specificity was 88%. Conclusion: Salivary AFP and α-1-acid glycoprotein 1 can serve as potential biomarkers for hepatitis B-related hepatocellular carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , alpha-Fetoproteins/metabolism , Biomarkers , Hepatitis B , ROC Curve , Glycoproteins , Biomarkers, Tumor
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980740

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the clinical effect of bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking on menstrual migraine (MM) of qi stagnation and blood stasis, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#A total of 102 cases of MM with qi stagnation and blood stasis were randomly divided into an observation group (51 cases, 3 cases dropped off) and a control group (51 cases, 2 cases dropped off). The patients in the observation group were treated with bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking. The bloodletting was performed at vein at upper 1/3 of the dorsalis near the ear helix; the auricular point sticking was performed at Pizhixia (AT4), Neifenmi (CO18), Jiaogan (AH6a), Nie (AT2), Zhen (AT3), Shenmen (TF4) and Yidan (CO11). The auricular points of both ears were alternate used. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein was given once every 7 days, 3 times were taken as a course of treatment, and 1 course of treatment was given; the auricular point sticking was given once every 3 days, and 6 times of treatment were given. The patients in the control group were treated with oral administration of flunarizine hydrochloride capsules. From 7 days before the onset of menstruation, flunarizine hydrochloride was given 2 capsules per time, once a day for 3 weeks. The menstrual headache index and visual analogue scale (VAS) score of the two groups were observed before treatment, one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and the second menstrual cycle after treatment; the migraine-specific quality of life questionnaire (MSQ) score and the serum levels of estradiol (E2) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were compared before treatment and one menstrual cycle into treatment; the clinical efficacy was evaluated at one menstrual cycle into treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared before treatment, the menstrual headache index and VAS scores were reduced at one menstrual cycle into treatment and the first and second menstrual cycle after treatment in the two groups (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were lower than the control group (P<0.05). Compared before treatment, the MSQ scores and the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT in the two groups were increased at one menstrual cycle into treatment (P<0.05), and those in the observation group were higher than the control group (P<0.05). The total effective rate was 95.8% (46/48) in the observation group, which was higher than 73.5% (36/49) in the control group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Bloodletting at auricular dorsal vein combined with auricular point sticking could relieve headache intensity, improve the quality of life in patients with MM of qi stagnation and blood stasis, which may be achieved by raising the serum levels of E2 and 5-HT to improve the level of hormone in the body.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Acupuncture, Ear , Bloodletting , Serotonin , Capsules , Flunarizine , Qi , Quality of Life , Migraine Disorders/drug therapy , Headache/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Acupuncture Points
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978509

ABSTRACT

Objective To create risk predictive models of healthcare-seeking delay among imported malaria patients in Jiangsu Province based on machine learning algorithms, so as to provide insights into early identification of imported malaria cases in Jiangsu Province. Methods Case investigation, first symptoms and time of initial diagnosis of imported malaria patients in Jiangsu Province in 2019 were captured from Infectious Disease Report Information Management System and Parasitic Disease Prevention and Control Information Management System of Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The risk predictive models of healthcare-seeking delay among imported malaria patients were created with the back propagation (BP) neural network model, logistic regression model, random forest model and Bayesian model using thirteen factors as independent variables, including occupation, species of malaria parasite, main clinical manifestations, presence of complications, severity of disease, age, duration of residing abroad, frequency of malaria parasite infections abroad, incubation period, level of institution at initial diagnosis, country of origin, number of individuals travelling with patients and way to go abroad, and time of healthcare-seeking delay as a dependent variable. Logistic regression model was visualized using a nomogram, and the nomogram was evaluated using calibration curves. In addition, the efficiency of the four models for prediction of risk of healthcare-seeking delay among imported malaria patients was evaluated using the area under curve (AUC) of receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC). The importance of each characteristic was quantified and attributed by using SHAP to examine the positive and negative effects of the value of each characteristic on the predictive efficiency. Results A total of 244 imported malaria patients were enrolled, including 100 cases (40.98%) with the duration from onset of first symptoms to time of initial diagnosis that exceeded 24 hours. Logistic regression analysis identified a history of malaria parasite infection [odds ratio (OR) = 3.075, 95% confidential interval (CI): (1.597, 5.923)], long incubation period [OR = 1.010, 95% CI: (1.001, 1.018)] and seeking healthcare in provincial or municipal medical facilities [OR = 12.550, 95% CI: (1.158, 135.963)] as risk factors for delay in seeking healthcare among imported malaria cases. BP neural network modeling showed that duration of residing abroad, incubation period and age posed great impacts on delay in healthcare-seek among imported malaria patients. Random forest modeling showed that the top five factors with the greatest impact on healthcare-seeking delay included main clinical manifestations, the way to go abroad, incubation period, duration of residing abroad and age among imported malaria patients, and Bayesian modeling revealed that the top five factors affecting healthcare-seeking delay among imported malaria patients included level of institutions at initial diagnosis, age, country of origin, history of malaria parasite infection and individuals travelling with imported malaria patients. ROC curve analysis showed higher overall performance of the BP neural network model and the logistic regression model for prediction of the risk of healthcare-seeking delay among imported malaria patients (Z = 2.700 to 4.641, all P values < 0.01), with no statistically significant difference in the AUC among four models (Z = 1.209, P > 0.05). The sensitivity (71.00%) and Youden index (43.92%) of the logistic regression model was higher than those of the BP neural network (63.00% and 36.61%, respectively), and the specificity of the BP neural network model (73.61%) was higher than that of the logistic regression model (72.92%). Conclusions Imported malaria cases with long duration of residing abroad, a history of malaria parasite infection, long incubation period, advanced age and seeking healthcare in provincial or municipal medical institutions have a high likelihood of delay in healthcare-seeking in Jiangsu Province. The models created based on the logistic regression and BP neural network show a high efficiency for prediction of the risk of healthcare-seeking among imported malaria patients in Jiangsu Province, which may provide insights into health management of imported malaria patients.

14.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 946-950, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976573

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Flexibleis an important classification of flat foot. Flatfoot occurs due to a variety of reasons and causes the medial longitudinal arch to collapse or disappear. However, many children still do not develop a normal foot arch as the grow, and a failure to intervene in a timely manner will greatly harm a child s normal mobility development. Timely detection and intervention are the key to improve the prognosis. There is a lack of uniform quantitative criteria for the diagnosis of flexible flatfoot. Currently, the commonly used diagnostic methods include physical examination, foot printing, plantar pressure test and imaging examination. This article reviews the risk factors, diagnosis, prevention and treatment of Flexible Flatfoot.

15.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1449-1455, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976268

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To provide reference for the clinical application and further research and development of Shenling baizhu powder. METHODS Using the methods of textual research and bibliometrics, the key information such as the composition, dose, processing and usage of Shenling baizhu powder in ancient and modern literature were systematically summarized and sorted out, and the number of publications, keywords, and other contents of modern literature were visually analyzed. RESULTS & CONCLUSIONS Shenling baizhu powder was first collected in Taiping Huimin Hejiju Fang (abbreviated “Jufang”), the composition of core drugs and most widely used dose ratio in previous generations were the same as those in Jufang, basically focusing on powder making and being taken after mixed with liquid; the dosage was concentrated on 2-3 qian; the function and application of it had been expanded to a certain extent compared with Jufang; its clinical application had gradually extended from internal medicine to surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, dermatology, etc., covering all aspects of the disease caused by spleen deficiency in general; the composition mechanism revolved around “strengthening the spleen, replenishing qi and removing dampness”; the recommended prescription drugs were all selected from the corresponding varieties in the pharmacopoeia. Modern research mainly focuses on clinical practice, with traditional Chinese medicine or traditional Chinese and Western medicine combined with this formula as the main modified treatment for various intestinal diseases, diarrhea diseases, and lung diseases. The efficacy and application are the frontier hot spots today, and the mechanism of action has begun to be explored. The usage in the literature and the inclusion in the pharmacopoeia are inconsistent, and further research is needed.

16.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1110-1118, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973200

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) inhibition affects liver regeneration during acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver injury in mice, as well as the mechanism of TLR4 involved in liver regeneration. Methods A total of 78 male CD-1 mice were divided into nine groups using a random number table, i.e., three control groups (normal control group, solvent control group, inhibitor control group) with 6 mice in each group and six experimental groups (APAP 24-hour group, TAK-242+APAP 24-hour group, APAP 48-hour group, TAK-242+APAP 48-hour group, APAP 72-hour group, TAK-242+APAP 72-hour group) with 10 mice in each group. The mice in the experimental groups were given a single dose of intraperitoneally injected APAP (300 mg/kg), and TAK-242 was intraperitoneally injected at a dose of 3 mg/kg at 3 hours before APAP administration. Serum and liver tissue samples were collected at different time points. The biochemical method was used to measure the serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT); HE staining was used to observe liver pathological changes; RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry were used to measure the expression levels of Cyclin D1, PCNA, Ki-67, STAT3, and p-STAT3. The t -test was used for comparison of normally distributed continuous data between two groups; a one-way analysis of variance was used for comparison between multiple groups, and the least significant difference t -test was used for further comparison between two groups. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of non-normally distributed continuous data between two groups, and the Kruskal-Wallis H test was used for comparison between multiple groups and further comparison between two groups. Results Compared with the normal control group, the APAP 24-hour and 48-hour groups had a significantly higher serum level of ALT (both P < 0.05), and the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour and 48-hour groups had a significantly higher serum level of ALT than the APAP group at the same time point (both P < 0.05). HE staining showed typical central lobular necrosis in the liver of APAP-treated mice, and the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour and 48-hour groups had a significantly larger necrotic area than the APAP group at the same time point (both P < 0.05). RT-PCR, Western blot, and immunohistochemistry showed that the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour, 48-hour, and 72-hour groups had significantly lower mRNA and protein expression levels of Cyclin D1 than the APAP group at the same time point (all P < 0.05); the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour, 48-hour, and 72-hour groups had a significantly lower mRNA expression level of PCNA than the APAP group at the same time point (all P < 0.05), and the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour and 48-hour groups had a significantly lower protein expression level of PCNA than the APAP group at the same time point (all P < 0.05); the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour and 72-hour groups had a significantly lower mRNA expression level of Ki-67 than the APAP group at the same time point (all P < 0.05), and the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour, 48-hour, and 72-hour groups had a significantly lower protein expression level of Ki-67 than the APAP group at the same time point (all P < 0.05). In addition, the TAK-242+APAP 24-hour and 48-hour groups had a significantly lower phosphorylation level of STAT3 than the APAP group at the same time point (both P < 0.05). Conclusion TLR4 may promote liver regeneration by increasing the phosphorylation level of STAT3 during APAP-induced liver injury in mice.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 439-446, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965710

ABSTRACT

Cocrystal separation technology is a technology that utilizes coformers to selectively form cocrystals with target compounds and separate them from mixed systems. Our study used puerarin (PUE), daidzein (DDZ), and genistein (GEN) as model drugs, which have similar structures and are the main isoflavones in Pueraria lobata root. The separation and purification processes in the modern traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) of these three components use conventional column chromatography, recrystallization, and other technologies, which have the issues of lengthy separation cycles, high solvent consumption, and inefficient preparation. Different with existing separation technology, our team used the early-found cocrystal separation method to design a step-by-step extraction and separation experiment of GEN-PUE-DDZ ternary mixture. Caffeine and L-proline were added to the mixed system in turn, GEN-caffeine cocrystal and PUE-proline cocrystal were prepared by suspension method. The cocrystals precipitated out of the solution. The purities of the GEN-caffeine cocrystal and the PUE-proline cocrystal could achieve 93% (the purity of GEN) and 99% (the purity of PUE). Besides, the purity of DDZ could also be increased by 6.76 times. This study proposed a simple operating, low cost and wide application range separation method different from the traditional separation method and realized the separation of structurally similar chemical components in TCM, laying a foundation for the application of cocrystal technology in the separation and refining of TCM.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959067

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the short-term effect of self-management group project for chronic disease patients in Suzhou. Methods Eight to ten streets / towns were randomly selected from 10 cities and districts under the jurisdiction of Suzhou. Each street / town set up a chronic disease self-management group and carried out group activities. The awareness rate of chronic disease related knowledge, health management behavior and health status of the group members after and before the activities were compared to evaluate the short-term effect of the self-management group project. Results A total of 89 chronic disease self-management groups were set up in Suzhou in 2020. Among them, there were 47 hypertension groups and 42 diabetes groups. A total of 1176 people were surveyed at baseline, and 1161 people participated in the evaluation survey after the group activities. By setting up self-management groups, the awareness rates of chronic disease-related knowledge (BMI range, variety of food intake per day per week, moderate-intensity activity time per week, daily salt intake, harm of excessive salt intake, diagnostic criteria for hypertension, sodium content in low sodium salt, fasting blood glucose criteria, low-density lipoprotein control targets) in hypertension and diabetes patients after the intervention were improved compared with those before the intervention, and the differences were statistically significant (P“self-monitoring blood pressure” increased from 52.80% before the intervention to 66.32%, while the proportion of "having a blood glucose monitoring system at home" increased from 52.80% before the intervention to 66.32%, and the proportion of “self-monitoring blood glucose” increased from 25.67% before the intervention to 38.67%. The percentage of "drinking alcohol in the past 30 days" dropped from 12.14% before the intervention to 8.35%. All these differences were statistically significant. There was no difference in the number of "smoking in the past 30 days" compared with before the activity (P≥0.05). The number of days with poor health resulting from injuries in the past 30 days also decreased but the difference was not statistically significant (P≥0.05). In terms of the severity of depression, the number of people with moderate and severe depression decreased after the intervention, and the number of people who turned into mild depression increased, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Conclusion The self-management group project for chronic disease patients in Suzhou has achieved good results and is suitable for continued promotion and application in this region.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959041

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the epidemiological characteristics and trend of lung cancer mortality in Suzhou, to predict the future lung cancer mortality by ARIMA model, and to provide a scientific basis for the research of lung cancer prevention and control strategy. Methods The annual change percentage (APC) was used to analyze the annual change trend of lung cancer mortality from 2001 to 2020, and the ARIMA optimal model was employed to predict the lung cancer mortality from 2021 to 2025. Results The average annual crude mortality of lung cancer in Suzhou from 2001 to 2020 was 46.45/100 000, while the standardized mortality was 23.51/100 000. In recent 20 years, the crude mortality showed an upward trend and the standardized mortality showed a downward trend (APC crude rate = 2.51%, APC standardized rate = -0.78% , P < 0.001). The standardized mortality of lung cancer in men was 3.22 times that in women. The mortality of lung cancer in people over 45 years old increased with the increase of age, but the mortality in the 30-59 years old group showed a downward trend year by year. ARIMA model predicted that the annual trend of lung cancer crude mortality will tend to be flat in the next five years. Conclusion The crude mortality rate of lung cancer in Suzhou shows an upward trend, while the standardized mortality rate decreases year by year, suggesting that we should pay attention to the prevention and control of lung cancer in the elderly, accurately identify high-risk population of lung cancer, promote health publicity and education, carry out lifestyle intervention, and popularize the early screening of lung cancer.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971057

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the changes and significance of type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2), interleukin-33 (IL-33), interleukin-25 (IL-25), thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP), interleukin-5 (IL-5), and interleukin-13 (IL-13) in peripheral blood of preterm infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD).@*METHODS@#A total of 76 preterm infants with a gestational age of <32 weeks and a length of hospital stay of ≥14 days who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics of the Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University from September 2020 to December 2021 were enrolled. According to the diagnostic criteria for BPD, they were divided into a BPD group with 30 infants and a non-BPD group with 46 infants. The two groups were compared in terms of the percentage of ILC2 and the levels of IL-33, IL-25, TSLP, IL-5, and IL-13 in peripheral blood on days 1, 7, and 14 after birth.@*RESULTS@#The BPD group had significantly lower birth weight and gestational age than the non-BPD group (P<0.05). On days 7 and 14 after birth, the BPD group had significantly higher levels of ILC2, IL-33, TSLP, and IL-5 than the non-BPD group (P<0.05), and these indices had an area under the curve of >0.7 in predicting the devolpment of BPD (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that after adjusting for gestational age and birth weight, peripheral blood IL-33, TSLP and IL-5 on days 7 and 14 after birth were closely related to the devolpment of BPD (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Early innate immune activation and upregulated expression of related factors may be observed in preterm infants with BPD. ILC2, IL-33, TSLP, and IL-5 may be used as biological indicators for early diagnosis of BPD.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Birth Weight , Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia/pathology , Cytokines , Immunity, Innate , Infant, Premature , Interleukin-13 , Interleukin-33 , Interleukin-5 , Lymphocytes/pathology , Thymic Stromal Lymphopoietin
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