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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013345

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveMyelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) is a group of clonal hematopoietic stem cell disorders,and this study aims to investigate the expression of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α(HIF-1α) in the bone marrow cells of patients with MDS and its correlation with the clinical features of MDS,the therapeutic efficacy of arsenic-containing Chineseherbal compound,and the survival prognosis. MethodAccording to the inclusion and exclusion criteria,27 MDS patients treated with arsenic-containing Chinese herbal compound in the Department of Hematology,Xiyuan Hospital,China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from January 2022 to September 2022 were included,and their bone marrow samples were collected by myelotomy. HIF-1α expression level in bone marrow cells was detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to analyze its correlation with clinical features,and logistic and Cox regression was used to analyze the risk factors affecting the efficacy and prognostic survival of MDS patients. ResultThe HIF-1α mRNA expression level was lower in bone marrow cells of MDS patients than in healthy subjects. HIF-1α was positively correlated with the degree of myelodysplasia(r=0.384,P<0.05) and bone marrow granulocytic system%(G%)(r=0.560,P<0.01). Logistic regression showed that HIF-1α was a risk factor for the prognosis in the follow-up of the efficacy of treatment(P<0.05)and Cox regression showed that HIF-1α was an independent factor affecting the survival prognosis of MDS patients [odds ratio(OR)=398.968,95% confidence interval(CI)(1.281,116 858.743),P<0.05]. ConclusionThe level of HIF-1α expression in bone marrow cells of MDS patients was closely related to the degree of clinical myelodysplasia and G%,and HIF-1α was a risk factor for the efficacy for and survival prognosis of MDS patients.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effect of arsenic-containing Qinghuang Powder (QHP) and low-intensity chemotherapy (LIC) in treatment of elderly acute myeloid leukemia (eAML) patients.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 80 eAML patients treated at Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences from January 2015 to December 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The treatment scheme was designed by real world study according to patients' preference, and patients were divided into a QHP group (35 cases) and a LIC group (45 cases). The median overall survival (mOS), 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates, and incidence of adverse events were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#The mOS of 80 patients was 11 months, and the 1-, 2-, and 3-year OS rates were 45.51%, 17.96%, and 11.05%, respectively. The QHP and LIC groups demonstrated no significant difference in mOS (12 months vs. 10 months), 1- (48.57% vs. 39.65%), 2- (11.43% vs. 20.04%), and 3-year OS rates (5.71% vs. 13.27%, all P>0.05). Moreover, the related factors of mOS demonstrated no significant difference in patients with age>75 years (11 months vs. 8 months), secondary AML (11 months vs. 8 months), poor genetic prognosis (9 months vs. 7 months), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score ⩾ 3 (10 months vs. 7 months) and hematopoietic stem cell transplant comorbidity index ⩾ 4 (11 months vs. 7 months) between the QHP and LIC groups (all P>0.05). However, the incidence of myelosuppression was significantly lower in the QHP group than that in the LIC group (28.57% vs. 73.33%, P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#QHP and LIC had similar survival rates in eAML patients, but QHP had a lower myelosuppression incidence. Hence, QHP can be an alternative for eAML patients who do not tolerate LIC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Arsenic/therapeutic use , Powders/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Prognosis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993736

ABSTRACT

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are a group of immature and heterogeneous cells that can inhibit T cell function. In pathological conditions such as tumors, infections, and chronic inflammation, the large expansion of MDSCs is involved in processes of immune escape, immune tolerance and inflammatory reactions. MDSCs are also crucial in the pathophysiology of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection, however, their activation, differentiation, and function during HBV infection are still unclear. This article reviews the general characteristics and roles of MDSCs in HBV infection, as well as related drug therapies, in order to provide information for further research on the related mechanism and potential targeted treatment.

4.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 461-464, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992321

ABSTRACT

Cerebral microbleed (CMB) is a type of cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD). Recently studies have found that there is a certain relationship between CMB and cognitive impairment. This article mainly reviews the etiology of CMB, the relationship between CMB and cognitive impairment, CMB and cognitive disorders and the possible mechanism of CMB-related cognitive impairment, in order to improve the understanding of cognitive impairment caused by CMB.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 788-798, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007791

ABSTRACT

Chronic inflammatory reaction has been established as an important sign of the occurrence and development of diabetes mellitus (DM), accompanied by the production of a large number of inflammatory factors, thus aggravating the disease progression. As an important non-invasive intervention measure to inhibit inflammation, exercise plays a very important role in the amelioration of DM. NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, a regulatory factor of inflammatory response, can induce a variety of inflammatory cascades and cell death, which are closely related to glucose uptake and dyslipidemia regulation. The development of DM can be postponed with exercise. Previous studies have reported the effects of NLRP3 inflammasome on DM, but the crucial role of exercise in this process remains unclear. Therefore, this paper reviews the research progress on the improving effects of exercise intervention on the symptoms of DM by mediating NLRP3 inflammasome, providing a novel theoretical foundation for understanding the prevention and treatment of DM through exercise.


Subject(s)
Humans , Inflammasomes/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , NLR Proteins , Diabetes Mellitus , Inflammation , Exercise Therapy
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975158

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the clinical effect of kidney-tonifying and blood-generating method and qi-promoting and blood-nourishing method combined with western medicine on the treatment of aplastic anemia and the characteristics of blood routine recovery, and to explore a new phased treatment model for aplastic anemia. MethodThis study was based on a prospective, multicenter, double-blind, and randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients with aplastic anemia from 19 centers were analyzed and divided into a kidney-tonifying and blood-generating group and a Qi-promoting and blood-nourishing group, which were treated with traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) combined with western medicine. The clinical effect and the changes in blood routine in each group during treatment were evaluated. ResultDuring the observation period, 375 cases of aplastic anemia were included in two groups, and TCM syndrome differentiation conformed these cases as Qi-deficiency type and both Qi and blood-deficiency type. These cases were randomly divided into two groups, including 184 in the kidney-tonifying and blood-generating group and 191 in the Qi-promoting and blood-nourishing group, being treated by kidney-tonifying and blood-generating granules and Qi-promoting and blood-nourishing granules, respectively, and combined oral androgen and ciclosporin soft capsules. The treatment lasted for six months and was divided into three stages. Visits were conducted from the beginning of the treatment to the end of the first, fourth, and sixth months. The curative effect was evaluated six months later. The total effective rate of the kidney-tonifying and blood-generating group was 86.4% (159/184), which was significantly better than that of the Qi-promoting and blood-nourishing group [68.6% (131/191), P<0.01)]. The results of the percentage quartile of blood cell growth in each stage of the 2 groups were analyzed. The hemoglobin concentration and platelet count of the patients in the kidney-invigorating blood group continued to increase after treatment, and significantly increased in the second and third stages compared with the first stage (P<0.05). The increase of reticulocyte count was most significant in the first stage of treatment (P<0.05). The reticulocyte count in supplementing Qi and nourishing blood group increased significantly in the first and second stages of treatment (P<0.05). The other observation indicators increased at each stage, but there was no statistical difference in the growth rate. The effects of the two groups were compared by stages. In the second stage of treatment, the increase of hemoglobin concentration in the kidney-invigorating blood group was better than that in the supplementing Qi-nourishing blood group (P<0.05). The increase of platelet count and red blood cell count in supplementing Qi and nourishing blood group was greater (P<0.05). In the third stage of treatment, the increase of hemoglobin concentration in the bushen Shengxue group was more significant (P<0.05). ConclusionThe overall effective rate of the kidney-tonifying and blood-generating method in the treatment of aplastic anemia is better than that of the Qi-promoting and blood-nourishing method, with significant effects and safety. This study has proposed a three-stage early treatment mode for aplastic anemia. The first and third stages (0-1, 5-6 months) were mainly treated by invigorating kidney and generating blood. In the second stage of treatment (2-4 months), invigorating kidney and generating blood combined with invigorating Qi and nourishing blood were adopted. It may be closer to the actual clinical treatment response and objective rule changes of aplastic anemia.

7.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986164

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore a simple and feasible method for the isolation and purification of hepatocytes, hepatic stellate cells (HSC), and lymphocytes from mice. Methods: The cell suspension was obtained from male C57bl/6 mice by hepatic perfusion through the portal vein digestion method and then isolated and purified by discontinuous Percoll gradient centrifugation. Trypan blue exclusion was used to determine cell viability. Glycogen staining, cytokeratin 18, and transmission electron microscopy were used to identify hepatic cells. Immunofluorescence was used to detect α-smooth muscle actin combined with desmin in HSCs. Flow cytometry was used to analyze lymphocyte subsets in the liver. Results: After isolation and purification, about 2.7×10(7) hepatocytes, 5.7×10(5) HSCS, and 4.6×106 hepatic mononuclear cells were obtained from the liver of mice with a body weight of about 22g. The cell survival rate in each group was > 95%. Hepatocytes were apparent in glycogen deposited purple-red granules and cytokeratin 18. Electron microscopy showed that there were abundant organelles in hepatocytes and tight junctions between cells. HSC had expressed α-smooth muscle actin and desmin. Flow cytometry showed hepatic mononuclear cells, including lymphocyte subsets such as CD4, CD8, NKs, and NKTs. Conclusion: The hepatic perfusion through the portal vein digestion method can isolate multiple primary cells from the liver of mice at once and has the features of simplicity and efficiency.


Subject(s)
Male , Mice , Animals , Keratin-18 , Actins , Desmin , Liver , Hepatocytes , Hepatic Stellate Cells
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1780-1786, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010037

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To understand the biological characteristics of polycythemia vera (PV) patients with myeloid fibroplasia, and further analyze the risk factors affecting myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients, so as to provide ideas for predicting the occurrence of myeloid fibroplasia in PV patients.@*METHODS@#Forty patients with PV in the Department of Hematology, Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences were collected and divided into two groups, with (hyperplasia group) and without (Non-proliferative group) hyperplasia of bone marrow fibers. The differences of basic clinical characteristics, blood routine, biochemistry, bone marrow cells, coagulation function and other indicators between the two groups were compared, and the independent risk factors affecting the proliferation of bone marrow fibrous tissue in PV patients were further analyzed by multivariate regression.@*RESULTS@#Compared with Non-proliferative group, the JAK2 mutation rate (95% vs 70%,P=0.037), eosinophilic cell count (0.19 vs 0.11, P=0.047) and eosinophilic percentage (1.84 vs 1.27, P=0.001) in PV patients with hyperplasia were significantly increased, triglycerides (1.55 vs 1.91, P=0.038) and low-density lipoprotein (1.50 vs 3.08, P=0.000) were significantly reduced, bone marrow hematopoietic volume (0.85 vs 0.6, P=0.001), granulocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.40 vs 1.89, P=0.033), lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (0.60 vs 0.42, P=0.033), and granulocyte+lymphocyte/erythrocyte ratio (3.72 vs 2.37, P=0.026) were significantly increased, thrombin time (18.84 vs 18.12, P=0.043) was significantly prolonged. Multivariate regression analysis results showed that peripheral blood eosinophil ≥2% and low-density lipoprotein ≤2 mmol/L were independent risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Increased proportion of peripheral blood eosinophils and decreased low density lipoprotein are risk factors for bone marrow fibrous tissue hyperplasia in PV patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bone Marrow/pathology , Polycythemia Vera , Hyperplasia/pathology , Granulocytes/pathology , Janus Kinase 2/genetics , Risk Factors , Lipoproteins, LDL , Polycythemia/pathology
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical characteristics, pathology, and prognosis of children with diffuse endocapillary proliferative Henoch-Schönlein purpura nephritis (DEP-HSPN).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical, pathological, and prognosis data of 44 children with DEP-HSPN and 765 children without DEP-HSPN. The children with DEP-HSPN were diagnosed by renal biopsy in Jiangxi Provincial Children's Hospital from January 2006 to December 2021.@*RESULTS@#Among the 809 children with purpura nephritis, 44 (5.4%) had DEP-HSPN, with a mean age of (8±3) years, and there were 29 boys (65.9%) and 15 girls (34.1%). Compared with the non-DEP-HSPN group, the DEP-HSPN group had a significantly shorter time from onset to renal biopsy and a significantly higher proportion of children with respiratory infection or gross hematuria, and most children had nephrotic syndrome. The DEP-HSPN group had significantly higher levels of 24-hour urinary protein, urinary protein grading, microscopic hematuria grading, serum creatinine, and blood urea nitrogen and significantly lower levels of serum albumin and complement C3 (P<0.05). The DEP-HSPN group had a higher pathological grading, with predominant deposition of IgA in the mesangial area and capillary loops, and higher activity scores in the modified semi-quantitative scoring system (P<0.05). The Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that there was no significant difference in the renal complete remission rate between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Children with DEP-HSPN have a rapid onset, severe clinical manifestations and pathological grading, and high activity scores in the modified semi-quantitative scoring system. However, most of the children with DEP-HSPN have a good prognosis, with a comparable renal complete remission rate to the children without DEP-HSPN.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Hematuria , IgA Vasculitis , Retrospective Studies , Prognosis , Nephritis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009322

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To carry out genetic analysis for a fetus with confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 2 (T2) in conjunct with fetal uniparental disomy (UPD).@*METHODS@#Amniocentesis and chromosomal karyotyping was carried out for a pregnant woman with a high risk for chromosome 2 anomalies indicated by non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT). Single nucleotide polymorphism array (SNP-array) and trio-whole exome sequencing (Trio-WES) were carried out. Ultrasonography was used to closely monitor the fetal growth. Multifocal sampling of the placenta was performed after delivery for copy number variation sequencing (CNV-seq).@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to have a normal chromosomal karyotype. SNP-array has revealed multiple regions with loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosome 2. Trio-WES confirmed the presence of maternal UPD for chromosome 2. Ultrasonography has revealed intrauterine growth restriction and oligohydramnios. Intrauterine fetal demise had occurred at 23+4 weeks of gestation. Pathological examination had failed to find salient visceral abnormality. The placenta was proved to contain complete T2 by CNV-seq.@*CONCLUSION@#T2 CPM can cause false positive result for NIPT and may be complicated with fetal UPD, leading to adverse obstetric outcomes such as intrauterine growth restriction, oligohydramnios and intrauterine fetal demise.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Amniocentesis , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 2/genetics , DNA Copy Number Variations , Fetal Death , Fetal Growth Retardation/genetics , Fetus , Mosaicism , Oligohydramnios , Placenta , Trisomy/genetics , Uniparental Disomy/genetics
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996020

ABSTRACT

Based on the ideas of management systemization, system standardization, process specialisation, post accountability, duty formalization, form informatization, information digitization and digital intelligence, the smart, mobile and paperless bedside billing service was developed which incorporated both functional and financial prospects. The innovation was realized by Internet+ bedside billing and an integrated information platform, so that the inter-hospital billing system could be connected to the medical insurance system, electrical receive system and commercial insurance system. This saved manpower and equipment deployment, and improved service quality. The bedside intelligent mobile billing system of a hospital was launched in January 2021, and the average discharge billing time of inpatients in 2020 and 2021 was 44.36 min and 30.59 min, respectively, and the online billing fee time was significantly shorter than offline billing in 2021, and the differences were all significant( P<0.01).

12.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 454-460, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935621

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the effect of direct surgery or surgery after second-line chemotherapy for colorectal cancer patients with liver metastases who did not achieve objective remission after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Methods: A retrospective case cohort study was used. The clinical and pathological data of 107 patients with colorectal cancer liver metastases who did not achieve objective response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy at Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery,Cancer Hospital,Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from December 2008 to December 2016 were retrospectively collected. There were 71 males and 36 females, median age was 57 years (range: 28 to 79 years). According to the different treatment regimens after neoadjuvant chemotherapy,107 cases were divided into a direct surgery group (direct group,n=65) and an operation after receiving second-line chemotherapy group (second-line group,n=42). The propensity score matching(PSM) of the Logistic regression model was used to match the bilobar distribution of liver metastases and the number of first-line chemotherapy cycles in the two groups of patients. The caliper value was set to 0.10 and the matching ratio was 1∶2. T test, Mann-Whitney U test, χ2 test or Fisher's exat test was used to analyzed the data between the tuo groups, respectively. Survival analysis design was used to investigate the difference in prognosis between the two groups of patients. Results: The follow-up time(M(IQR)) was 56.3(34.3) months (range: 2.1 to 95.0 months),and all patients were followed up. After PSM,there were 28 cases in the direct group and 42 cases in the second-line group, there were no significant differences in whether R0 resection was feasible,blood loss,blood transfusion,postoperative complications and postoperative hospital stay between the two groups (all P>0.05). The 1,3,and 5-year progression-free survival(PFS) rates of the direct group were 40.0%,16.5%,and 11.0%,and the 1,3,and 5-year overall survival(OS) rates were 98.5%,61.2%,and 41.4%,respectively, the second-line group 1,3,5 years PFS rates were 35.7%,14.3%,14.3%,1,3,5-year OS rate were 95.2%,55.1%,44.4%,respectively. The median PFS time of the direct group and the second-line group was 8.5 months and 7.5 months,respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.826). The median OS time of the direct group and the second-line group were 33.8 months and 46.9 months,respectively. The difference was not statistically significant(P=0.646).The median PFS time of the direct group and second-line chemotherapy complete remission and partial remission group(CR/PR group) was 10.2 months and 9.1 months,respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.669). The median OS time of the direct group and the second-line CR/PR group was 51.0 months and 46.9 months,respectively,and the difference was not statistically significant(P=0.427). The results of survival analysis suggested that major liver resection was an independent prognosis factor for PFS (HR=1.809,95%CI: 1.067 to 3.067,P=0.028) and OS(HR=2.751,95%CI: 1.317 to 5.747,P=0.007). Second-line chemotherapy was not an independent prognostic factor for PFS (HR=0.945, 95%CI:0.570 to 1.567,P=0.828) and OS (HR=0.866,95%CI: 0.468 to 1.602,P=0.646). Conclusions: There is no significant difference in the short-term outcome and long-term prognosis between direct surgery patients and second-line chemotherapy followed by surgery. Second-line chemotherapy is not an independent prognostic factor for colorectal cancer liver metastases patients who fail to achieve objective response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cohort Studies , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927995

ABSTRACT

Under the guidance of the traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) theory of "Zangfu-organs of spleen and stomach" and the modern theory of "microbiota-gut-brain axis", this study explored the effects of Nardostachys jatamansi on the gut microbiota of rats with Parkinson's disease(PD). The 40 SD rats were randomly divided into the control group, PD model group, levodopa group, and Nardostachys jatamansi ethanol extract group. The PD model was established by subcutaneous injection of rotenone in the neck and back area. After 14 days of intragastric administration, the PD rats' behaviors were analyzed through open field test, inclined plane test, and pole test. After the behavioral tests, the striatum, colon, and colon contents of rats in each group were collected. Western blot was employed to detect the protein expression of tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) and α-synuclein(α-syn) in striatum and that of α-syn in colon. Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA) was used to detect the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and nuclear factor-kappa B(NF-κB) in striatum and colon. High-throughput sequencing of 16 S rRNA gene was conducted to detect the differences in microbial diversity, abundance, differential phyla, and dominant bacteria of rats between groups. The results indicated that Nar. ethanol extract could relieve dyskinesia, reverse the increased levels of α-syn, TNF-α, IL-1β, and NF-κB in striatum, and improve the protein expression of TH in striatum of PD rats. The α diversity analysis indicated a significant decrease in diversity and abundance of gut microbiota in the PD model. The results of linear discriminant analysis effect size(LEfSe) of dominant bacteria indicated that Nardostachys jatamansi ethanol extract increased the relative abundance of Clotridiaceae, Lachnospiraceae, and Anaerostipes, and reversed the increased relative abundance of Proteobacteria, Gammaproteobacteria, Enterobacteriaceae, and Escherichia-Shigella in PD model group to exhibit the neuroprotective effect. In summary, the results indicated that Nar. ethanol extract exert the therapeutic effect on PD rats. Specifically, the extract may regulate gut microbiota, decrease the levels of proinflammatory cytokines, and reduce the protein aggregation of α-syn in the colon and striatum to alleviate intestinal inflammation and neuroinflammation. This study provides a basis for combining the theory of "Zangfu-organs of spleen and stomach" with the theory of "microbiota-gut-brain axis" to treat PD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Nardostachys/metabolism , Parkinson Disease/drug therapy , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906003

ABSTRACT

Objective:This study explores the key core targets of Guishenwan in the treatment of thin endometrium and related signaling pathways through the method of network pharmacology,and further uses animal experiments to verify the obtained targets and verify that Guishenwan are effective for thin endometrium. Method:Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP) was used to retrieve the effective chemical components,active component targets and target abbreviations of the eight Chinese medicines in Guishenwan,the GeneCards database and Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM)database were used to retrieve thin endometrial related targets gene.Use Wayne software to take the intersection of the drug target of Guishenwan and the disease target of the thin endometrium,and import the intersection target into the STRING database and Cytoscape 3.7.2 software for visual analysis to obtain the "drug-disease" protein protein interaction(PPI) network, then input the intersection target into Enrichr database and DAVID database for gene ontology(GO) enrichment analysis and Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG) enrichment analysis. Using the obtained possible core and key targets as the theoretical basis,a thin endometrial model in rats was established. After Guishenwan and estrogen intervention for 21 days,the endometrial thickness of rats was observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining(HE) staining. Western blot and quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR) detect the protein and mRNA expression levels of the four core key targets of epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR),matrix metalloproteinase 9(MMP9),interleukin-1beita(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) and mitogen activated protein kinase 14(MAPK14). Result:The Venn software obtained 130 intersection targets in total, imported 130 intersection targets into the STRING database and Cytoscape database,and obtained a protein interaction network diagram including 33 nodes and 107 edges. DAVID 6.8 database for GO analysis. The function annotation analysis involving 167 biological processes(BP),22 cell components(CC),39 molecular functions(MF). DAVID 6.8 database for KEGG enrichment analysis, and thin endometrium related A total of 34 pathways. Western blot and Real-time PCR were used to analyze the expression results of EGFR,MMP9,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,MAPK14 protein and genes in the endometrial tissues of the 6 groups of rats. Guishenwan can enhance the expression of EGFR,MMP9,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,MAPK14 protein and mRNA on the thin endometrium. Conclusion:According to the theoretical analysis of network pharmacology and the results of animal experiments,it is found that Guishenwan can effectively improve the related indicators of thin endometrium,and promote the expression of EGFR,MMP9,IL-1<italic>β</italic>,MAPK14 protein and genes. The intimal tissue proliferates and improves the symptoms of thin intima.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911266

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of epidural labor analgesia administration methods on occurrence of postpartum urinary retention in nulliparous parturients through a comparison between programmed intermittent epidural bolus (PIEB) and continuous epidural infusion.Methods:Two hundred nulliparous parturients who were at full term with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, aged 22-35 yr, with body mass index of 22.4-42.6 kg/m 2, were divided into 2 groups ( n=100 each) using a random number table method: continuous epidural infusion group (group CEI) and group PIEB.Patient-controlled epidural analgesia (PCEA) was performed in active phase of labor (cervical dilatation≥1 cm) during the first stage of labor.The PCEA solution contained the mixture (10 ml) of 0.1% ropivacaine with 0.5 μg/ml sufentanil.The PCEA pump was set up to deliver a 5-ml bolus dose with a 30-min lockout interval.The analgesia solution contained the mixture (100 ml) of 0.08% ropivacaine and sufentanil 0.5 μg/ml.In group CEI, the drugs were given at 8 ml/h immediately after the initial dose.PIEB regimens were programmed as 8 ml over 80 s once an h after the initial bolus, and the administration was stopped after delivery of fetus.The labor time, consumption of analgesia solution and the incidence of postpartum urinary retention were recorded. Results:Compared with group CEI, the duration of the second stage of labor was significantly shortened, and consumption of analgesia solution and the incidence of postpartum urinary retention were decreased in group PIEB ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the continuous epidural infusion, the application of PIEB in labor analgesia can reduce the incidence of postpartum urinary retention in nulliparous parturients.

16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2976-2984, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921232

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Prospective analyses have yet to identify a consistent relationship between sleep duration and the incidence of gastrointestinal (GI) cancers. The effect of changes in sleep duration on GI cancer incidence has scarcely been studied. Therefore, we aimed to examine the association between baseline sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration and GI cancer risk in a large population-based cohort study.@*METHODS@#A total of 123,495 participants with baseline information and 83,511 participants with annual changes in sleep duration information were prospectively observed from 2006 to 2015 for cancer incidence. Cox proportional-hazards models were used to calculate hazard ratios (HRs) and their confidence intervals (CIs) for GI cancers according to sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration.@*RESULTS@#In baseline sleep duration analyses, short sleep duration (≤5 h) was significantly associated with a lower risk of GI cancer in females (HR: 0.31, 95% CI: 0.10-0.90), and a linear relationship between baseline sleep duration and GI cancer was observed (P = 0.010), especially in males and in the >50-year-old group. In the annual changes in sleep duration analyses, with stable category (0 to -15 min/year) as the control group, decreased sleep duration (≤-15 min/year) was significantly associated with the development of GI cancer (HR: 1.29; 95% CI: 1.04-1.61), especially in the >50-year-old group (HR: 1.32; 95% CI: 1.01-1.71), and increased sleep duration (>0 min/year) was significantly associated with GI cancer in females (HR: 2.89; 95% CI: 1.14-7.30).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both sleep duration and annual changes in sleep duration were associated with the incidence of GI cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cohort Studies , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms/etiology , Incidence , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sleep
17.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 324-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876693

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the clinical efficacy of early diagnosis by contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) combined with mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy in the treatment of biliary ischemia after liver transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 9 recipients presenting with biliary ischemia detected by CEUS within 4 weeks after liver transplantation and diagnosed with non-anastomotic biliary stricture (NAS) within postoperative 1 year were retrospectively analyzed. In the conventional treatment group, 4 recipients were treated with conventional treatment including liver protection, cholagogic therapy and interventional therapy. In MSC treatment group, 5 recipients received intravenous infusion of MSC at 1, 2, 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks after biliary ischemia detected by CEUS on the basis of conventional therapy. The interventional treatment and clinical prognosis within 1 year after liver transplantation were analyzed between two groups. Results Two recipients in the MSC treatment group required interventional therapy, which was initially given at 7-9 months after liver transplantation for 1-2 times. All recipients in the conventional treatment group required interventional therapy, which was initially delivered at postoperative 1-3 months for 2-6 times, earlier than that in the MSC treatment group. Within 1 year following liver transplantation, diffuse bile duct injury occurred in 2 recipients in MSC treatment group, and no graft dysfunction was observed. In the conventional treatment group, all recipients developed diffuse bile duct injury, and 2 recipients presented with graft dysfunction. Conclusions Early diagnosis of biliary ischemia after liver transplantation by CEUS combined with MSC therapy may delay and reduce the requirement of interventional therapy for NAS, and also improve clinical prognosis of the recipients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873518

ABSTRACT

@#Cancer is the leading cause of death in China. In recent years,Chinese government has advocated tremendous efforts in advancing research on cancer prevention and control,and has made great advancement. In this review,we briefly summarized the current research progress on cancer epidemiology in China,including the aspects of cancer burden,cancer-related risk factors and its intervention,screening and early detection,implementation plan of cancer prevention and control ( 2019-2022) ,in order to provide technical support and theoretical evidence in implementing effective cancer prevention and control in China in the future.

19.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 519-524, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870315

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the physiological role of F1Fo-ATP synthase α-subunit encoding gene (ATP1) in promoting Candida albicans ( C. albicans) to escape from macrophage killing through eliminating intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by using a reverse genetics approach. Methods:An ATP1 deletion strain and a parental strain of C. albicans were cultured on the YPD media, and the number of formed colonies on the plates was counted to evaluate in vitro viability of C. albicans. To evaluate their in vivo viability, the ATP1 deletion strain and parental strain of C. albicans were inoculated into mice through the caudal vein, kidney tissues were taken out from the mice 1-7 days after the infection, and inoculated onto the YPD medium followed by numeration of colonies after 48 hours of culture. After co-culture of overnight-cultured C. albicans suspensions with macrophages, some of the C. albicans suspensions were inoculated onto the YPD solid medium followed by numeration of colonies and determination of survival rate, and some culture supernatants were inoculated into the 96-well plate for detection of the level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) released by macrophages by LDH release assay. A model mimicking oxidative stress in macrophages was established by using hydrogen peroxide. After treatment with hydrogen peroxide, the number of colonies was counted to compare the viability of the C. albicans strains. DCFH-DA staining was conducted to detect the intracellular ROS level in C. albicans after co-culture with macrophages or treatment with hydrogen peroxide, and real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR to measure mRNA expression of catalase 1 (CAT1) , superoxide dismutase 4 (SOD4) and SOD5 genes in C. albicans after treatment with hydrogen peroxide. Statistical analysis was carried out by using two-way analysis of variance or Student t test. Results:In vitro, the colony number in both the parental strain group and ATP1 deletion strain group gradually increased over time; after 24 hours, the colony number of the ATP1 deletion strain group was only 10% of that in the parental strain group ( F = 481.84, P < 0.001) . The number of colony formed by the parental strain-infected mouse kidney tissues gradually increased over time, but that by the ATP1 deletion strain-infected mouse kidney tissues gradually decreased, and there was a significant difference between the two groups ( F = 78.27, P = 0.001) . After in vitro co-culture of C. albicans with macrophages, the survival rate in the ATP1 deletion strain group (62.67% ± 3.51%) was significantly lower than that in the parental strain group (82.33% ± 2.52%, t = 7.88, P = 0.001) , and the percentage of LDH released by macrophages was also significantly lower in the ATP1 deletion strain group (27.80% ± 3.54%) than in the parental strain group (87.78% ± 0.17%, t = 33.89, P < 0.001) , which were consistent with the in vivo results. In the model mimicking oxidative stress, the viability of the ATP1 deletion strain group was significantly lower than that of the parental strain group ( F = 3 440.65, P < 0.001) . Both in the co-culture model with macrophages and in the model mimicking oxidative stress in macrophages, the intracellular ROS levels were significantly higher in the ATP1 deletion strain group than in the parental strain group (both P < 0.001) . Furthermore, the mRNA expression of CAT1, SOD4 and SOD5 genes was significantly lower in the ATP1 deletion strain group than in the parental strain group after treatment with hydrogen peroxide (all P < 0.001) . Conclusion:ATP1 deletion may reduce the capabilities of C. albicans to counteract oxidative stress and eliminate ROS, likely by down-regulating the expression of oxidative stress- and ROS clearance-related genes respectively, which may prevent C. albicans from escaping from the macrophage killing and lead it to be eliminated by the host ultimately.

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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of epidural labor analgesia in the latent phase for the re-pregnant parturients with scar uterus.Methods:One hundred re-pregnant parturients with scar uterus who were at full-term with a singleton fetus in vertex presentation, aged 26-38 yr, with height between 158-170 cm, weighing 61-95 kg, of American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status Ⅰ or Ⅱ, were divided into 2 groups ( n=50 each) using a random number table method: epidural labor analgesia in active phase group (group A) and epidural labor analgesia in latent phase group (group B). Epidural labor analgesia was performed in active phase of labor (cervical dilatation≥3 cm) in group A and in latent phase of labor (cervical dilatation≥1 cm) in group B. Epidural labor analgesia solution contained the mixture (100 ml) of 0.1% ropivacaine and sufentanil 0.5 μg/ml, and the analgesia pump was set up to deliver a 5 ml bolus dose with a 30-min lockout interval and background infusion 8 ml/h and then turned off after delivery of fetus.Visual analogue scale scores were recorded on admission to the labor room, when the cervical dilation was 1, 2, 3, 4 and 10 cm and at the time point immediately after delivery.The labor time, volume of postpartum hemorrhage, emergency cesarean section, decision-to-delivery interval, Apgar score of the newborn at 1 min after birth and results of umbilical cord blood gas analysis were recorded. Results:Compared with group A, the visual analogue scale scores in latent phases of labor were significantly decreased at each time point of latent phases, the duration of the first stage of labor was prolonged, the rate of emergency cesarean section was decreased, and the decision-to-delivery interval was shortened ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the volume of postpartum hemorrhage in group B ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the Apgar score of the newborn and results of umbilical cord blood gas analysis between two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Epidural labor analgesia performed in the latent phase provides better efficacy than that performed in the active phase when used for the re-pregnant parturients with scar uterus.

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