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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928034

ABSTRACT

As revealed by the investigation on the name change, biological characteristics, artificial cultivation, and edible history of Polygonatum kingianum var. grandifolium, it was described as a variation pattern of P. kingianum in the Chinese version of Flora of China(1978) and as a variant of P. kingianum in the revised English version of the Flora of China(2000). P. kingianum var. grandifolium, long been consumed as food by local folks, has been widely cultivated in its natural distribution area and circulated as Polygonati Rhizoma in the market. The important biological properties of P. kingianum var. grandifolium make it possess a great potential of being consumed as both medicine and food. The shoots of P. kingianum var. grandifolium sprout immediately out of the ground after seed germination and a new seedling will be formed at the same year, implying that its seedling cultivation period is at least two years shorter than that of P. cyrtonema. It can sprout more than twice a year, and the adult plants always remain evergreen, thereby obtaining higher biomass. Its rhizome biomass can be more than one time higher than that of P. cyrtonema. With reference to the diploid P. cyrtonema, flow cytometry revealed the polyploid and aneuploid forms in natural populations, which were tall and light-adapted with large underground rhizome. It can grow normally under the forest canopy and in the open field. Furthermore, P. kingianum var. grandifolium has important theoretical values for the study of ploidy variation, bud dormancy mechanism, etc.


Subject(s)
China , Medicine , Polygonatum , Rhizome
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 126-138, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929192

ABSTRACT

This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the quality of care of diabetes in Shanghai, China. A total of 173 235 patients with type 2 diabetes in 2017 were included in the analysis. Profiles of risk factors and intermediate outcomes were determined. The patients had a mean age of 66.43 ± 8.12 (standard deviation (SD)) years and a mean diabetes duration of 7.95 ± 5.53 (SD) years. The percentage of patients who achieved the target level for HbA1c (< 7.0%) was 48.6%. Patients who achieved the target levels for blood pressure (BP) < 130/80 mmHg and low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) < 2.6 mmol/L reached 17.5% and 34.0%, respectively. A total of 3.8% achieved all three target levels, and the value increased to 6.8% with an adaptation of the BP target level (< 140/90 mmHg) for those over 65 years. Multivariable analysis identified the factors associated with a great likelihood of achieving all three target levels: male, young age, short diabetes duration, low body mass index, macrovascular complications, no microvascular complications, prescribed with lipid-lowering medication, and no prescription of antihypertensive medication. In conclusion, nearly 50% and one-third of the patients with diabetes met the target levels for HbA1c and LDL-c, respectively, with a low percentage achieving the BP target level. The percentage of patients who achieved all three target levels needs significant improvement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Pressure , China/epidemiology , Cholesterol, LDL/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/drug therapy , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Humans , Male , Middle Aged
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936060

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy and quality of life between uncut Roux-en-Y and Billroth II with Braun anastomosis in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy for gastric cancer patients. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was performed. Inclusion criteria: (1) 18 to 75 years old; (2) gastric cancer proved by preoperative gastroscopy, CT and pathological results and tumor was suitable for D2 radical distal gastrectomy; (3) postoperative pathological diagnosis stage was T1-4aN0-3M0 (according to the AJCC-7th TNM tumor stage), and the margin was negative; (4) Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) physical status score <2 points, and American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade 1 to 3; (5) no mental illness; (6) able to answer questionnaires independently; (7) patients agreed to undergo laparoscopic distal gastrectomy and signed an informed consent. Exclusion criteria: (1) patients with severe chronic diseases and American Association of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade >3; (2) patients with other malignant tumors; (3) patients suffered from serious mental diseases; (4) patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy or immunotherapy. According to the above criteria, clinical data of 200 patients who underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy at the Department of General Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from January 2016 to December 2019 were collected. Of the 200 patients, 108 underwent uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis and 92 underwent Billroth II with Braun anastomosis. The general data, intraoperative and postoperative conditions, complications, and endoscopic evaluation 1 year after the surgery were compared. Besides, the quality of life of two groups was also compared using the Chinese version of the European Organization For Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) quality of life questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30) and quality of life questionnaire-stomach 22 (QLQ-STO22). Results: There were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). All the 200 patients successfully underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy without intraoperative complications, conversion to open surgery or perioperative death. There were no significant differences between two groups in operative time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative complications, time to flatus, time to removal of gastric tube, time to liquid diet, time to removal of drainage tube or length of postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). Endoscopic evaluation was conducted 1 year after surgery. Compared to Billroth II with Braun group, the uncut Roux-en-Y group had a significantly lower incidences of gastric stasis [19.8% (17/86) vs. 37.0% (27/73), χ(2)=11.199, P=0.024], gastritis [11.6% (10/86) vs. 34.2% (25/73), χ(2)=20.892, P<0.001] and bile reflux [1.2% (1/86) vs. 28.8% (21/73), χ(2)=25.237, P<0.001], and the differences were statistically significant. The EORTC questionnaire was performed 1 year after surgery, there were no significant differences in the scores of QLQ-C30 scale between the two groups (all P>0.05), while the scores of QLQ-STO22 showed that, compared to the Billroth II with Braun group, the uncut Roux-en-Y group had a lower pain score (median: 8.3 vs. 16.7, Z=-2.342, P=0.019) and reflux score (median: 0 vs 5.6, Z=-2.284, P=0.022), and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05), indicating milder symptoms. Conclusion: The uncut Roux-en-Y anastomosis is safe and reliable in laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, which can reduce the incidences of gastric stasis, gastritis and bile reflux, and improve the quality of life of patients after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Gastrectomy/methods , Gastroenterostomy/adverse effects , Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 363-368, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936019

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical effects of en bloc resection and debridement combined with gluteus maximus muscle flap in the treatment of ischial tubercle pressure ulcer complicated with chronic osteomyelitis. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From May 2018 to February 2020, 8 patients with pressure ulcers on the ischial tuberosity combined with chronic osteomyelitis who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to Fuyang Minsheng Hospital, including 5 males and 3 females, aged 38-69 years, with unilateral lesions in 6 patients and bilateral lesions in 2 patients. According to the anatomical classification of Cierny-Mader osteomyelitis, there were 6 patients (7 sides) with focal type, and 2 patients (3 sides) with diffuse type. The wound areas were 3 cm×2 cm to 12 cm×9 cm on admission. The pressure ulcer and chronic osteomyelitis lesions were completely removed by en bloc resection and debridement. The chronic infectious lesions were transformed into sterile incisions like fresh wounds by one surgical procedure, and the gluteus maximus muscle flaps with areas of 10 cm×6 cm to 15 cm×9 cm were excised to transfer and fill the ineffective cavity. The wounds of 5 patients were sutured directly, and the wounds of 3 patients were closed by local flap transfer. The intraoperative blood loss volume and blood transfusion, and length of hospital stay of patients were recorded. The incision healing and flap survival of patients were observed after operation. The recurrence of pressure ulcer and osteomyelitis, the appearance of the affected area, and the secondary dysfunction and deformity of the muscle flap donor site of patients were observed during followed up. Results: The intraoperative blood loss volume of the 8 patients was 220 to 900 (430±150) mL; 5 patients received intraoperative blood transfusion, of which 2 patients received 3 U suspended red blood cells and 3 patients received 2 U suspended red blood cells. The length of hospital stay was 18 to 29 (23.5±2.0) d for the 8 patients. In this group of patients, the incisions of 7 patients healed, while in one case, the incision suture was torn off during turning over and healed after secondary suture. The flaps survived well in 3 patients who underwent local flap transfer. During the follow-up period of 6-20 months, no recurrence of pressure ulcer or osteomyelitis occurred in 8 patients, the affected part had skin with good texture, mild pigmentation, and no sinus tract formation, and no secondary dysfunction or deformity occurred in the donor site. Conclusions: The en bloc resection and debridement combined with gluteus maximus muscle flap has good clinical effects on ischial tubercle pressure ulcer complicated with chronic osteomyelitis. Neither pressure ulcer nor osteomyelitis recurs post operation. The skin texture and appearance of the affected area are good, and the donor site has no secondary dysfunction or deformity.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Debridement , Female , Humans , Male , Muscles/surgery , Osteomyelitis/surgery , Perforator Flap , Pressure Ulcer/surgery , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Skin Transplantation , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Treatment Outcome
5.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 167-170, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934189

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical value of digital technology in repair of soft tissue defect in hand by anterior tibial artery perforator flap.Methods:From January 2015 to February 2021, 9 patients with soft tissue defects in hand were repaired with anterior tibial artery perforator flap assisted by digital technology in flap design, including 6 males and 3 females aged from 19 to 63 years with a mean age of 33 years. The size of defects varied from 2.0 cm×1.5 cm to 4.0 cm×3.0 cm, with exposed bones or tendons. Preoperative CTA scan of lower limb was performed and three-dimensional image was reconstructed with Mimics 20.0. The anterior tibial artery perforator flap was designed according to the shape and size of the defect, then the resection of flap was digitally simulated. The flap based on the digital design was harvested and the defect was repaired in the operation. The size of flap was 2.5 cm×2.0 cm~4.5 cm×3.5 cm. Outpatient clinic follow-up was performed to evaluate the survival of flaps. Disability of Arm, Shoulder and Hand(DASH) was used for function evaluation.Results:All flaps were harvested successfully and all donor sites were closed directly. After surgery, 8 flaps survived completely. One flap developed venous occlusion that showed partial necrosis of the flap, and it was rescued after exploration and re-anastomosis. The follow-up period ranged from 6 to 21 months, with an average of 13 months. The DASH scores of the affected limb were 2 to 15 points at the last follow-up, with an average of 6.4 points. Mild scar hyperplasia occurred at donor site in 1 case without sensory abnormality.Conclusion:The digital technology is able to accurately locate the perforators by allowing an individualised design of the anterior tibial artery perforator flap. The flap is suitable for repair of small and medium-sized soft tissue defect in hand, and the digital technology has certain value in clinical application.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 365-373, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce the concept and procedure of CTA guided precision flap surgery and report the preliminary clinical application.Methods:The theory of CTA guided precision flap surgery is: based on CTA high-throughput data, comprehensively evaluate the wound and potential donor sites, and select the best plan for wound repair. This article reviews 177 patients treated under the guidance of CTA guided precision flap surgery from August 2014 to December 2018. Among them, 131 were males and 46 were females; they were 7-72 years old, with an average age of 39.5 years. The tissue defects were: 74 cases of foot and ankle, 64 cases of wrist, 15 cases of calf, 11 cases of forearm and upper arm, 7 cases of thigh and perineum, 5 cases of face and neck, and 1 case of abdomen. The size of the defect was 2 cm×1 cm to 65 cm×50 cm. The recipient and donor sites were assessed based on CTA guided precision flap surgery, then choose the optimal flap to repair the defect. The flap types, outcomes and complications were recorded. The visual analogue scale (VAS), British Medical Research Council sensory rating scale, and revascularization assessments of digital replantation standard by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association was used to assess clinical results.Results:All flaps were uneventfully harvested as planned according to the CTA guided precision flap surgery concept.A total number of 181 flaps were harvested, including 125 free flaps and 56 pedicled flaps. The flap area rangedfrom 4 cm×3 cm to 40 cm×8 cm. After surgery, 165 cases were survival completely, 7 cases were total necrosis, 9 cases were partial necrosis. A total of 174 cases of flaps survived. The mean follow-up was 9.2 months (range, 6-60 months). After surgery 53 flaps were bulky, and 7 cases with other complications.At the last follow-up, only 6 patients had mild pain, the VAS score was 1-3. The sensation of the flaps recovered partially. According to the British Medical Research Council sensory rating scale: 68 cases were grade S2 and 106 cases were grade S3. According to the revascularization assessments of digital replantation standard by Hand Surgery Branch of Chinese Medical Association, 171 cases were excellent and 3 cases were good.Conclusion:The concept of precision flap surgery based on CTA can effectively guide flap surgery and achieve precise wound repair.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932571

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and evaluate the target and dose design of 125I seed brachytherapy treatment plan of pediatric borderline tumor in head neck region. Methods:Eleven patients underwent definitive 125I brachytherapy or combined with surgery in Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from January 2010 to December 2018 were retrospective analyzed. The target region was set by extending the tumor gross region by 0.5 to 1.0 cm. The prescription dose and activity ranged from 80 to 120 Gy and 18.5 MBq, respectively. The treatments were performed according to the plan under general anesthesia. Response and toxic reaction were recorded during follow-up. The preoperative and postoperative dosimetric results were compared; and the local control rate, objective response rate, complete response rate and acute toxic reaction rate were calculated. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between preoperative and postoperative dosimetric results ( P>0.05). The follow-up time ranged from 33 to 131 months, with a median of 48 months. The local control rate, objective response rate, complete response rate and acute toxic reaction rate were 100%, 100%, 71.4% and 81.8%, respectively. Conclusions:Under well-designed target and dose, 125I brachytherapy for treatment of pediatric borderline tumor in head neck region would bring ideal therapeutic and toxic outcomes, and could be regarded as a feasible therapy.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-943040

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the influence of duodenal stump reinforcing on the short-term complications after laparoscopic radical gastrectomy. Methods: A retrospective cohort study with propensity score matching (PSM) was conducted. Clinical data of 1204 patients with gastric cancer who underwent laparoscopic radical gastrectomy at the First Affiliated Hospital of Army Medical University from April 2009 to December 2018 were collected. The digestive tract reconstruction methods included Billroth II anastomosis, Roux-en-Y anastomosis and un-cut-Roux- en-Y anastomosis. A linear stapler was used to transected the stomach and the duodenum. Among 1204 patients, 838 were males and 366 were females with mean age of (57.0±16.0) years. Duodenal stump was reinforced in 792 cases (reinforcement group) and unreinforced in 412 cases (non-reinforcement group). There were significant differences in resection range and anastomotic methods between the two groups (both P<0.001). The two groups were matched by propensity score according to the ratio of 1∶1, and the reinforcement group was further divided into purse string group and non-purse string group. The primary outcome was short-term postoperative complications (within one month after operation). Complications with Clavien-Dindo grade ≥ III a were defined as severe complications, and the morbidity of complication between the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, as well as between the purse string group and the non-purse string group was compared. Results: After PSM, 411 pairs were included in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, and there were no significant differences in baseline data between the two groups (all P>0.05). No perioperative death occurred in any patient.The short-term morbidity of postoperative complication was 7.4% (61/822), including 14 cases of anastomotic leakage (23.0%), 11 cases of abdominal hemorrhage (18.0%), 8 cases of duodenal stump leakage (13.1%), 2 cases of incision dehiscence (3.3%), 6 cases of incision infection (9.8%) and 20 cases of abdominal infection (32.8%). Short-term postoperative complications were found in 25 patients (6.1%) and 36 patients (8.8%) in the reinforcement group and the non-reinforcement group, respectively, without significant difference (χ2=2.142, P=0.143). Nineteen patients (2.3%) developed short-term severe complications (Clavien-Dindo grade ≥IIIa), while no significant difference in severe complications was found between the two groups (1.7% vs. 2.9%, χ2=1.347, P=0.246). Sub-group analysis showed that the morbidity of short-term postoperative complication of the purse string group was 2.6% (9/345), which was lower than 24.2% (16/66) of the non-purse string group (χ2=45.388, P<0.001). Conclusion: Conventional reinforcement of duodenal stump does not significantly reduce the incidence of duodenal stump leakage, so it is necessary to choose whether to reinforce the duodenal stump individually, and purse string suture should be the first choice when decided to reinforce.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Duodenum/surgery , Female , Gastrectomy/methods , Humans , Laparoscopy/adverse effects , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940177

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability through experiments, and discuss the effect of modified Dayuansan (MDYS) combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium on the biofilm of E. coli. MethodThe paper diffusion and crystal violet staining methods were used to identify 19 clinically isolated strains of drug-resistant E. coli-induced enzymes and the biofilm-forming ability. The induced enzymes and the E. coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability were screened out. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of MDYS and imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium was determined by 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxamide (XTT) assay. The 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC of the water extract of MDYS, imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium alone, and MDYS combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay to obtain the optimum concentration of drugs. BioFlux dynamically observed the effect of the optimum combined drug concentration on the number of bacteria in the biofilm and the biofilm formation of E. coli, and observed the distribution of live/dead bacteria with a laser confocal scanning microscope. Finally, the morphological changes in bacteria after drug treatment were observed statically by scanning electron microscopy. ResultE5E7 strain was ESBL enzyme and the E. coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability. The results of MTT assay showed that the MIC values of the water extracts of imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium and MDYS were 1 mg·L-1 and 250 g·L-1, respectively. The results of XTT assay showed that compared with the blank group, the 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC MDYS groups and the combined drug groups significantly decreased the number of bacteria in the biofilm (P<0.01). The inhibitory effect diminished as the concentration of imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium decreased. Compared with the imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium group with the same concentration, the combined drug group improved the inhibitory effect on the number of bacteria in the biofilm (P<0.01). Compared with the MDYS group with the same concentration, 1/2 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC MDYS, 1/4 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS, and 1/8 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS decreased the number of bacteria (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of BioFlux showed that compared with the blank group, the 1/2 and 1/8 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium groups had an insignificant effect on the area of biofilm, whereas the 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS groups significantly decreased the area of biofilm. The results under the scanning electron microscopy showed that as compared with the blank group and the imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium group, the division cycle was significantly longer under the action of MDYS combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium. The length of the division cycle in the combined drug group was higher than that in drug alone group. ConclusionIn vitro studies reveal that MDYS combined with commonly-used antibiotics can inhibit the biofilm status of multi-drug resistant E. coli, and MDYS has the effect of enhancing sensitization and inhibiting bacteria with synergistic antibiotics.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940145

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo screen out the extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability through experiments, and discuss the effect of modified Dayuansan (MDYS) combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium on the biofilm of E. coli. MethodThe paper diffusion and crystal violet staining methods were used to identify 19 clinically isolated strains of drug-resistant E. coli-induced enzymes and the biofilm-forming ability. The induced enzymes and the E. coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability were screened out. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) value of MDYS and imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium was determined by 2,3-bis(2-methoxy-4-nitro-5-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium-5-carboxamide (XTT) assay. The 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC of the water extract of MDYS, imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium alone, and MDYS combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium was determined by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay to obtain the optimum concentration of drugs. BioFlux dynamically observed the effect of the optimum combined drug concentration on the number of bacteria in the biofilm and the biofilm formation of E. coli, and observed the distribution of live/dead bacteria with a laser confocal scanning microscope. Finally, the morphological changes in bacteria after drug treatment were observed statically by scanning electron microscopy. ResultE5E7 strain was ESBL enzyme and the E. coli with the strongest biofilm-forming ability. The results of MTT assay showed that the MIC values of the water extracts of imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium and MDYS were 1 mg·L-1 and 250 g·L-1, respectively. The results of XTT assay showed that compared with the blank group, the 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC MDYS groups and the combined drug groups significantly decreased the number of bacteria in the biofilm (P<0.01). The inhibitory effect diminished as the concentration of imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium decreased. Compared with the imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium group with the same concentration, the combined drug group improved the inhibitory effect on the number of bacteria in the biofilm (P<0.01). Compared with the MDYS group with the same concentration, 1/2 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2, 1/4, and 1/8 MIC MDYS, 1/4 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS, and 1/8 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium combined with 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS decreased the number of bacteria (P<0.05, P<0.01). The results of BioFlux showed that compared with the blank group, the 1/2 and 1/8 MIC imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium groups had an insignificant effect on the area of biofilm, whereas the 1/2 and 1/4 MIC MDYS groups significantly decreased the area of biofilm. The results under the scanning electron microscopy showed that as compared with the blank group and the imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium group, the division cycle was significantly longer under the action of MDYS combined with imipenem-cilastatin and cilastatin sodium. The length of the division cycle in the combined drug group was higher than that in drug alone group. ConclusionIn vitro studies reveal that MDYS combined with commonly-used antibiotics can inhibit the biofilm status of multi-drug resistant E. coli, and MDYS has the effect of enhancing sensitization and inhibiting bacteria with synergistic antibiotics.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939674

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of paclitaxel, quizartinib and their combination on proliferation, apoptosis and FLT3/STAT5 pathway of human leukemia cell line MV4-11 (FLT3-ITD+).@*METHODS@#MV4-11 cells were treated with paclitaxel and quizartinib at different concentrations for 24 h, 48 h and 72 h, respectively, and then the two drugs were combined at 48 h to compare the inhibition of proliferation, the apoptosis rate was detected by flow cytometry, the expression of FLT3 and STAT5 mRNA was determined by fluorescence quantitative PCR, and the protein expression of FLT3, p-FLT3, STAT5 and p-STAT5 was determined by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Different combination groups of paclitaxel and quizartinib had synergistic inhibitory effect. The cell survival rate in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05). The cell apoptosis rate in the combination group was significantly higher than that in the single drug group (P<0.001). The expression of FLT3 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drugs (P<0.01). The expression of STAT5 mRNA in combination group was significantly higher than that in quizartinib group (P<0.001); increased compared with paclitaxel group, but there was no statistical significance. The expression level of p-FLT3、p-STAT5 protein in the combination group was significantly lower than that in the single drug group (P<0.05, P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel combined with quizartinib can synergistically inhibit the proliferation of MV4-11 cell line and promote the apoptosis of MV4-11 cell line by inhibiting the activity of FLT3/STAT5 pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Benzothiazoles , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Paclitaxel/therapeutic use , Phenylurea Compounds , RNA, Messenger , STAT5 Transcription Factor/pharmacology , Signal Transduction , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 527-531, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888446

ABSTRACT

We aimed to explore the associations between the age at which children undergo surgery for hypospadias and a range of social and clinical factors in a single center. Our aim was to promote the early surgical treatment of children with hypospadias. For a 6-year period, social and clinical data were collected from all children undergoing surgery to repair hypospadias in Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (Chongqing, China), located in southwest of China. We analyzed the correlations between age at surgery and a range of social and clinical factors. A total of 1611 eligible cases were recruited, with a mean age of 54.3 months and a median age of 42 months: 234 cases (14.5%) were classified into a "timely operation" group, 419 (26.0%) cases into a "subtimely operation" group, and 958 (59.5%) cases into a "delayed operation" group. According to multivariate regression analyses, the higher the regional economic level, the closer the urethral opening to the perineum, and the higher the educational level of the guardians was, the younger the children were when they underwent the initial surgery for hypospadias; this was also the case for families without other children. Our subgroup analysis showed that the primary educational level of the guardians was a risk factor for subtimely surgery in their children (odds ratio [OR] = 1.52, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.08-2.15, P < 0.05). A lower regional economic level (OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.26-2.78, P < 0.01), a lower educational level of the guardians (OR = 3.84, 95% CI: 2.31-6.41, P < 0.01), and an anterior-segment urethral opening (OR

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888183

ABSTRACT

In this study, data of amino acids of Cordyceps samples from Qinghai and Tibet was analyzed with self-organizing map neural network. A model of XY-Fused network was established with the content of 8 major amino acids and total amino acids for the identification of geographical origins of Cordyceps from Qinghai and Tibet. It had the prediction accuracy of 83.3% for the test set. In addition, data mining indicated that methionine was a special kind of amino acid in Cordyceps which could serve as a marker to identify its geographical origins. On this basis, the content ratio of methionine to total amino acids was proposed to be a quantifiable indicator to distinguish Cordyceps from Qinghai and Tibet.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Cordyceps/genetics , Geography , Neural Networks, Computer , Tibet
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887959

ABSTRACT

A determination method for bilirubin in cultured cow-bezoar was developed in this study, with which the bilirubin in 15 batches of samples was quantified. The samples were first processed with 10% oxalic acid solution for the conversion of bilirubin from conjugated to unconjugated, followed by the extraction with dichloromethane. Then the obtained sample solutions were analyzed at 450 nm by HPLC[chromatographic column: Agilent TC-C_(18)(4.6 mm × 250 mm, 5 μm); mobile phase: acetonitrile and 1% glacial acetic acid aqueous solution(95∶5); flow rate: 1.0 mL·min~(-1)]. The bilirubin content in the 15 batches of cultured cow-bezoar was ranged from 21.9% to 41.7% with the average of 32.4%. The proposed method is accurate and reliable, thus making it suitable for the quantitation of bilirubin in cultured cow-bezoar and its quality assessment and control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bezoars , Bilirubin , Cattle , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Female
15.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 168-172, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the compliance with early Warfarin anticoagulation therapy after cardiac mechanical valve replacement(MHVR)and its related factors in elderly patients.Methods:The convenience sampling method was used to prospectively recruit 210 patients undergone MHVR at the Ningbo Medical Center of Lihuili Hospital from January 2017 to October 2019.Six months after discharge, face-to-face interviews or telephone follow-ups were conducted to assess general information, warfarin anticoagulation knowledge, anticoagulant treatment compliance and social support.Results:The overall compliance of early Warfarin anticoagulation therapy was excellent, with 99.5% of patients compliant with medication and 99.0% compliant with INR monitoring, both higher than the rate of compliance with advised lifestyle adjustment(92.1%). Anticoagulation knowledge and age were the main influencing factors for compliance in elderly patients after MHVR.Conclusions:The compliance with early Warfarin anticoagulation therapy after MHVR is good in elderly patients in the Ningbo area.The correlation analysis suggests that medical professionals need to promote education on anticoagulation knowledge and pay more attention to anticoagulation compliance in elderly people.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883782

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of gastrodin injection combined with dexamethasone in the treatment of sudden deafness and its effect on hemorheology and hearing.Methods:Eighty patients with sudden deafness who received treatment in the Department of Otolaryngology, General Hospital of Taiyuan Iron and Steel (Group) Co., Ltd., from August 2018 to March 2020 were included in this study. These patients were randomly assigned to receive either intratympanic injection of dexamethasone (control group, n = 40) or intratympanic injection of dexamethasone combined with gastrodin injection (treatment group, n = 40). Total effective rate was compared between the two groups. The auditory threshold at 0.5, 1.0, 2 and 4 kHz was measured in each group. Before and after treatment, plasma viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity, fibrinogen and erythrocyte deformability index were compared between the two groups. Drug-related adverse reactions were recorded in each group. Results:Total effective rate in the treatment group was significantly higher than that in the control group [92.50% (37/40) vs. 75.00% (30/40), χ2 = 4.401, P < 0.05]. After treatment, the auditory threshold at 0.5, 1.0, 2 and 4 kHz was significantly decreased compared with before treatment in each group (all P < 0.001). After treatment, the auditory threshold at 0.5, 1.0, 2 and 4 kHz was (42.71 ± 7.06) dB, (44.01 ± 9.35) dB, (48.06 ± 11.37) dB and (52.40 ± 14.26) dB, respectively, in the treatment group and (50.14 ± 8.09) dB, (53.70 ± 10.46) dB, (55.10 ± 13.47) dB and (59.26 ± 15.77) dB respectively in the control group. There were significant differences between the two groups ( t = 4.376, 4.368, 2.526 and 2.267, all P < 0.05). After treatment, plasma viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity and fibrinogen in each group were significantly decreased (all P < 0.001). After treatment, erythrocyte deformability index in each group was significantly increased ( P < 0.001). After treatment, plasma viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity and fibrinogen were significantly decreased, and erythrocyte deformability index was significantly increased, compared with before treatment in each group. After treatment, plasma viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity and fibrinogen, and erythrocyte deformability index were (1.68 ± 0.39) mPa · s, (19.07 ± 3.65) mPa · s, (3.11 ± 0.58) g/L, (0.68 ± 0.08), respectively in the treatment group, and (2.01 ± 0.41) mPa · s, (22.10 ± 4.49) mPa · s, (3.89 ± 0.75) g/L, (0.60 ± 0.07) respectively in the control group. There were significant differences in plasma viscosity, low shear whole blood viscosity and fibrinogen, and erythrocyte deformability index between the two groups ( t = 3.688, 3.312, 5.203, 4.760, all P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of adverse reactions between the treatment and control groups (10.00% vs. 15.00%, χ2 = 0.457, P > 0.05). Conclusion:Gastrodin injection combined with dexamethasone can enhance the curative effect on sudden deafness, effectively improve patient's hemorheology and hearing, and is highly safe.

17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Traditional Chinese medicine plays a significant role in the treatment of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Tanreqing Capsule (TRQC) was used in the treatment of COVID-19 patients in the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center. This study aimed to investigate the clinical efficacy of TRQC in the treatment of COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted on 82 patients who had laboratory-confirmed mild and moderate COVID-19; patients were treated with TRQC in one designated hospital. The treatment and control groups consisted of 25 and 57 cases, respectively. The treatment group was given TRQC orally three times a day, three pills each time, in addition to conventional Western medicine treatments which were also administered to the control group. The clinical efficacy indicators, such as the negative conversion time of pharyngeal swab nucleic acid, the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid, the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid, and the improvement in the level of immune indicators such as T-cell subsets (CD3, CD4 and CD45) were monitored.@*RESULTS@#COVID-19 patients in the treatment group, compared to the control group, had a shorter negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid (4 vs. 9 days, P = 0.047) and a shorter interval of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid (0 vs. 2 days, P = 0.042). The level of CD3@*CONCLUSION@#Significant reductions in the negative conversion time of fecal nucleic acid and the duration of negative conversion of pharyngeal-fecal nucleic acid were identified in the treatment group as compared to the control group, illustrating the potential therapeutic benefits of using TRQC as a complement to conventional medicine in patients with mild and moderate COVID-19. The underlying mechanism may be related to the improved levels of the immune indicator CD3


Subject(s)
Adult , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , COVID-19/pathology , Capsules , DNA, Viral/analysis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Feces/virology , Female , Humans , Length of Stay , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/methods , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2/genetics , Severity of Illness Index , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880142

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze gene expression profile of T cell lymphoma Jurkat cell line treated with paclitaxel by computational biology based on next generation sequencing and to explore the possible molecular mechanism of paclitaxel resistance to T cell lymphoma at gene level.@*METHODS@#IC50 of paclitaxel on Jurkat cell line was determined by CCK-8 assay. Gene expression profile of Jurkat cells treated with paclitaxel was acquired by next generation sequencing technology. Gene microarray data related to human T cell lymphoma were screened from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (including 720 cases of T cell lymphoma and 153 cases of normal tissues). Combined with the sequencing data, differential expression genes (DEGs) were intersected and screened. DAVID database was used for enrichment analysis of GO function and KEGG pathway to determine and visualize functional entries of DEGs, and protein-protein interactions network of DEGs was drawn. The levels of gene expression were detected and verified by RT-qPCR.@*RESULTS@#CCK-8 results showed that the proliferation of Jurkat cells was inhibited by paclitaxel depended on the concentration apparently. Treated by paclitaxel for 48 h, P<0.05 and |log2(FC)|≥1 were used as filter criteria on the results of RNA Sequencing (RNA-Seq) and GeoChip, 351 DEGs were found from Jurkat cells, including 323 up-regulated genes and 28 down-regulated genes. The GO functional annotation and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that the role of paclitaxel was mainly concentrated in protein heterodimerization activity, nucleosome assembly and transcriptional dysregulation in cancer, etc. The results of RT-qPCR were consistent with those of the sequencing analysis, which verified the reliability of this sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#Paclitaxel can affect the proliferation and apoptosis of T-cell lymphoma by up-regulating JUN gene, orphan nuclear receptor NR4A family genes and histone family genes.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Paclitaxel , Reproducibility of Results
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879064

ABSTRACT

To analyze quality standards of cattle bile and sheep bile, and to discuss the related problems in the standards. The results showed that physical forms of the related medicinal materials of cattle bile and sheep bile were chaotic, and the technical methods adopted in the quality standards were generally backward. In addition, there were still problems that some medicinal material standards lacked necessary test items, which were especially obvious in the relevant medicinal material standards of sheep bile and brought difficulties to quality evaluation and control. We suggest that physical forms of cattle bile and sheep bile in quality standards should be determined, and inspection items should be completed. Based on mainstream analytical technology, some technical methods of these standards should be improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bile , Cattle , Reference Standards , Sheep , Steroids
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879007

ABSTRACT

The study is aimed to investigate the reproductive biology characteristics of Polygonatum cyrtonema, especially including phenology, flower bud differentiation, flowering timing, floral traits, pollen vigor and stigma receptivity. The results showed that P. cyrtonema forms inflorescence before the leaves spread. In the wild, P. cyrtonema is mainly pollinated by insects such as bumblebees, with a seed setting rate of 65.12%. The seed setting rate of indoor single plant isolation or self-pollination enclosed by parchment paper bag is 0, indicating that it is self-incompatible. In Lin'an city, seedlings begin to emerge from mid-March to early April(the temperature is higher than 7.5 ℃), buds begin to emerge from the end of March to mid-April, and then undergo the full bloom stage from mid-to-late April, and the final flowering stage from the end of April to mid-May. The whole flowering period lasts 36 to 45 days. There are obvious differences in the phenology of different provenances. The flowers come into bloom from the base to the top along the aboveground main axis, which usually contain 4-22 inflorescences with(2-) 4-10(-21) flowers per inflorescence. The flowering pe-riod for a single plant is 26-38 days. The single flower lasts about 20-25 days from budding to opening and withers 2 days after pollination, and then the ovary will gradually expand. If unpollinated, it will continue to bloom for 3-5 days and then wither. Flower development period is significantly related to pollen vigor and stigma remittance. The pollen viability is the highest when the flower is fully opened with anthers gathering on the stigma, and the receptivity is the strongest when the stigma protrudes out of the perianth and secretes mucus. The fruits and seeds ripen in October, and proper shading can ensure the smooth development and maturity of the seeds. This study provides a basis for the hybrid breeding and seed production of P. cyrtonema.


Subject(s)
Flowers , Plant Breeding , Pollination , Polygonatum , Reproduction
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