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1.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 34-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013567

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the capillarization of liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) and its association with hepatic fibrosis during the development of alveolar echinococcosis, so as to provide the basis for unraveling the mechanisms underlying the role of LSEC in the development and prognosis of hepatic injuries and hepatic fibrosis caused by alveolar echinococcosis. Methods Forty C57BL/6 mice at ages of 6 to 8 weeks were randomly divided into a control group and 1-, 2- and 4-week infection groups, of 10 mice in each group. Each mouse in the infection groups was intraperitoneally injected with 2 000 Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces, while each mouse in the control group was given an equal volume of phosphate-buffered saline using the same method. All mice were sacrificed 1, 2 and 4 weeks post-infection and mouse livers were collected. The pathological changes of livers were observed using hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, and hepatic fibrosis was evaluated through semi-quantitative analysis of Masson’s trichrome staining-positive areas. The activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition were examined using immunohistochemical staining of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and collagen type I alpha 1 (COL1A1), and the fenestrations on the surface of LSECs were observed using scanning electron microscopy. Primary LSECs were isolated from mouse livers, and the mRNA expression of LSEC marker genes Stabilin-1, Stabilin-2, Ehd3, CD209b, GATA4 and Maf was quantified using real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) assay. Results Destruction of local liver lobular structure was observed in mice 2 weeks post-infection with E. multilocularis protoscoleces, and hydatid cysts, which were surrounded by granulomatous tissues, were found in mouse livers 4 weeks post-infection. Semi-quantitative analysis of Masson’s trichrome staining showed a significant difference in the proportion of collagen fiber contents in mouse livers among the four groups (F = 26.060, P < 0.001), and a higher proportion of collagen fiber contents was detected in mouse livers in the 4-week infection group [(11.29 ± 2.58)%] than in the control group (P < 0.001). Immunohistochemical staining revealed activation of a few HSCs and ECM deposition in mouse livers 1 and 2 weeks post-infection, and abundant brown-yellow stained α-SMA and COL1A1 were deposited in the lesion areas in mouse livers 4 weeks post-infection, which spread to surrounding tissues. Semi-quantitative analysis revealed significant differences in α-SMA (F = 7.667, P < 0.05) and COL1A1 expression (F = 6.530, P < 0.05) in mouse levers among the four groups, with higher α-SMA [(7.13 ± 3.68)%] and COL1A1 expression [(13.18 ± 7.20)%] quantified in mouse livers in the 4-week infection group than in the control group (both P values < 0.05). Scanning electron microscopy revealed significant differences in the fenestration frequency (F = 37.730, P < 0.001) and porosity (F = 16.010, P < 0.001) on the surface of mouse LSECs among the four groups, and reduced fenestration frequency and porosity were observed in the 1-[(1.22 ± 0.48)/μm2 and [(3.05 ± 0.91)%] and 2-week infection groups [(3.47 ± 0.10)/μm2 and (7.57 ± 0.23)%] groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.001). There was a significant difference in the average fenestration diameter on the surface of mouse LSECs among the four groups (F = 15.330, P < 0.001), and larger average fenestration diameters were measured in the 1-[(180.80 ± 16.42) nm] and 2-week infection groups [(161.70 ± 3.85) nm] than in the control group (both P values < 0.05). In addition, there were significant differences among the four groups in terms of Stabilin-1 (F = 153.100, P < 0.001), Stabilin-2 (F = 57.010, P < 0.001), Ehd3 (F = 31.700, P < 0.001), CD209b (F = 177.400, P < 0.001), GATA4 (F = 17.740, P < 0.001), and Maf mRNA expression (F = 72.710, P < 0.001), and reduced mRNA expression of Stabilin-1, Stabilin-2, Ehd3, CD209b, GATA4 and Maf genes was quantified in three infection groups than in the control group (all P values < 0.001). Conclusions E. multilocularis infections may induce capillarization of LSECs in mice, and result in a reduction in the expression of functional and phenotypic marker genes of LSECs, and capillarization of LSECs occurs earlier than activation of HSC and development of hepatic fibrosis.

2.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 64-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012426

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of SRF-rearranged cellular perivascular myoid tumor. Methods: Two cases of SRF-rearranged cellular perivascular myoid tumor diagnosed in the Department of Pathology, Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from October 2021 to March 2022 were collected. Immunohistochemical staining, fluorescence in-situ hybridization (FISH) and next-generation sequencing (NGS) were performed, and the literature was reviewed. Results: Case 1, a 3-month-old boy presented with a painless tumor of the scalp, measuring about 2 cm in diameter. Case 2, a 3-year-old girl complained with a painless tumor of the knee, measuring approximately 1.5 cm in diameter. Microscopically, the tumor had a clear boundary and showed multinodular growth. The tumor was mainly composed of spindle cells arranged in long intersecting fascicles associated with thin, slit-like or branching ectatic vessels, focally forming hemangiopericytoma-like appearance. The tumor cells were abundant, but there was no obvious atypia. Mitotic figures (3-4/10 HPF) were noted. H-caldesmon and SMA were positive in both cases. Case 1 showed diffuse and strong positivity for Desmin, and focally for CKpan. Ki-67 proliferation index was 20% and 30%, respectively. FISH displayed NCOA2 gene translocation in case 1 and the RELA gene translocation in case 2. NGS detected the SRF-NCOA2 gene fusion in case 1 and the SRF-RELA gene fusion in case 2. Both patients underwent local excisions. During the follow-up of 5-14 months, case 1 had no local recurrence, while case 2 developed local recurrence 1 year post operatively. Conclusions: SRF-rearranged cellular perivascular myoid tumor is a novel variant of perivascular cell tumor, which tends to occur in children and adolescents. The tumor forms a broad morphologic spectrum ranging from a pericytic pattern to a myoid pattern, and include hybrid tumors with a mixture of pericytic and myoid patterns. Due to its diffuse hypercellularity and increased mitotic figures and smooth muscle-like immunophenotype, the tumor is easy to be misdiagnosed as myogenic sarcomas. The tumor usually pursues a benign clinical course and rare cases may locally recur.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Calmodulin-Binding Proteins , China , Hemangiopericytoma/pathology , Sarcoma/pathology , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology
3.
International Eye Science ; (12): 255-259, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005391

ABSTRACT

Swept-source optical coherence tomography angiography(SS-OCTA)is a new vascular imaging technique that was recently proposed. It has the advantages of being non-invasive, quick, high-resolution, and automated vascular stratification imaging. It is extremely helpful in the early diagnosis of ophthalmology-related diseases, as well as in the evaluation of treatment effectiveness and the tracking of disease progression. Based on the foundation of OCTA, SS-OCTA utilizes a fast-tuning laser with a wavelength of 1 050 nm for deeper penetration and non-invasive depth-resolved imaging of the retinal and choroidal microvascular systems, deepening the understanding of the characteristics of a wide range of ophthalmic diseases(fundus lesions, glaucoma, neurodegenerative diseases, etc.). The structures of the anterior segment of the eye can also be studied using SS-OCTA, including changes in the depth and density of corneal neovascularization as well as changes in iris neovascularization before and after therapy. This approach provides a novel tool for ophthalmic clinical practice. The development of the clinical use of SS-OCTA technology in ophthalmology is reviewed in this article.

4.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1119-1125, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985642

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the immunogenicity and safety of revaccination of 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) in elderly people aged ≥60 years. Methods: The elderly aged ≥60 years with 1 dose of PPV23 vaccination were selected as revaccination group and those without history of pneumococcal vaccine immunization were selected as the first vaccination group. One dose of PPV23 was administered to both groups, and the first blood samples were collected before vaccination while the second blood samples were collected on day 28-40 after vaccination. ELISA was used to detect the concentrations of anti-specific serotype Streptococcus pneumoniae podocyte polysaccharide immunoglobulin G, and the safety of the vaccination was evaluated after 30 days. Results: The geometric mean concentration (GMC) of antibody to 23 serotypes before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) was higher in revaccination group than in the first vaccination group (0.39-7.53 μg/ml), the GMC after the vaccination (1.42-31.65 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.73-13.73 μg/ml) in the revaccination group, and the GMC after the vaccination (1.62-43.76 μg/ml) was higher than that before the vaccination (0.39-7.53 μg/ml) in the first vaccination group; the geometric mean growth multiple in revaccination group (2.16-3.60) was lower than that in the first vaccination group (3.86-16.13); The mean 2-fold antibody growth rate was lower in revaccination group (53.68%, 95%CI: 52.30%-55.06%) than in the first vaccination group (93.16%, 95%CI: 92.18%- 94.15%), all differences were significant (P<0.001). After the vaccination, 13 serotypes of GMC were higher in the first vaccination group than in revaccination group (P<0.001), the differences were not significant for 10 serotypes of GMC (P>0.05). The incidence of local adverse reaction was 19.20% and 13.27% in revaccination group and the first vaccination group, respectively (P=0.174). Conclusions: The antibody level in ≥60 years people who received one dose of PPV23 after a 5-year interval was still higher than that in unvaccinated people. The antibody level decreased after 5 years of the first vaccination, and the antibody level could be rapidly increased by one more dose vaccination, but the overall immune response was lower than that of the first vaccination; revaccination with PPV23 has a good safety.

5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1475-1480, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009999

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of multiple serological methods in the identification of complex antibodies.@*METHODS@#The blood group antigens were detected by saline and microcolumn agglutination methods. The saline method was used to screen and identify IgM-type antibodies in the patient's serum, while the polybrene, anti-globulin, microcolumn agglutination, enzymic and absorption-elution methods were used to screen and identify IgG-type antibodies.@*RESULTS@#The patient was B/CCDee/Jk(a-b+)/Fy(a-b+) blood type. The serum reacted with panel cells, and the reaction presented anti-E pattern in the saline medium. It was fully positive in the microcolumn agglutination card, except 2 negative ones after using papain to treat the panel cells. Referring to the pattern table, it was concluded that there existed anti-c, anti-E, and anti-Jka antibodies, and one antibody corresponding to an antigen that was easily destroyed by papain. The red blood cells with specific phenotype were selected for absorption-elution to identify IgG-type anti-c, anti-E, anti-Jka and anti-Fya antibodies.@*CONCLUSION@#It is confirmed that IgM-type anti-E, and IgG-type anti-c, anti-E, anti-Jka and anti-Fya antibodies exist in the patient's serum by multiple serological methods.


Subject(s)
Humans , Papain , Blood Group Antigens , Erythrocytes , Immunoglobulin G , Immunoglobulin M
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1253-1258, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical application of metagenomic next-generation sequencing (mNGS) of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in the etiological diagnosis and treatment of refractory pneumonia (RTP) in children.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 160 children with RTP who were admitted to the Department of Pediatric Internal Medicine, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, from January 2020 to March 2023. According to whether mNGS was performed, they were divided into two groups: mNGS (n=80) and traditional testing (n=80). All children received the tests of inflammatory markers and pathogen tests after admission. Traditional pathogenicity tests included microbial culture (sputum specimen collected by suction tube), nucleic acid detection of respiratory pathogens, and serological test (mycoplasma, tuberculosis, and fungi). For the mNGS group, BALF specimens were collected after bronchoscopy and were sent to the laboratory for mNGS and microbial culture. The two groups were analyzed and compared in terms of the detection of pathogens and treatment.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher detection rate of pathogens (92% vs 58%, P<0.05), with more types of pathogens and a higher diagnostic rate of mixed infections. Compared with the traditional testing group, the mNGS group had a significantly higher treatment response rate and a significantly lower incidence rate of complications during hospitalization (P<0.05). Treatment was adjusted for 68 children in the mNGS group according to the results of mNGS, with a treatment response rate of 96% (65/68) after adjustment.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with traditional pathogen tests, BALF mNGS can significantly improve the detection rate of pathogens and find some rare pathogens. In clinical practice, when encountering bottlenecks during the diagnosis and treatment of children with RTP, it is advisable to promptly perform the mNGS to identify the pathogens.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia/therapy , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Bronchoscopy , Sensitivity and Specificity
7.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 1246-1252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effectiveness of sagittal top compression reduction technique in the treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 59 patients with thoracolumbar vertebral fractures who met the selection criteria and were admitted between November 2018 and January 2022. Among them, 34 patients were treated with sagittal top compression reduction technique (top pressure group), and 25 patients were treated with traditional reduction technique (traditional group). There was no significant difference in baseline data between the two groups ( P>0.05), including gender, age, fracture segment, cause of injury, AO classification of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures, thoracolumbar injury classification and severity (TLICS) score, American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) grading, surgical approach, preoperative vertebral body index, height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra, injured vertebra angle, segmental kyphosis angle, visual analogue scale (VAS) score, and Oswestry disability index (ODI). The operation time, intraoperative blood loss, and incidence of complications between the two groups were recorded and compared. After operation, VAS score and ODI were used to evaluate effectiveness, and X-ray and CT examinations were performed to measure imaging indicators such as vertebral body index, height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra, injured vertebra angle, and segmental kyphosis angle.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in operation time and intraoperative blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complication such as dural sac, nerve root, or vascular injury was found during operation, and all incisions healed by first intention. Patients in both groups were followed up 6-48 months, with an average of 20.6 months. No loosening, breakage, or failure of internal fixation occurred during follow-up. The imaging indicators, VAS score, and ODI of the two groups significantly improved at 1 week and last follow-up when compared to preoperative ones ( P<0.05). At last follow-up, the VAS score and ODI further significantly improved when compared to 1 week after operation ( P<0.05). At 1 week after operation and last follow-up, the vertebral body index, segmental kyphosis angle, injured vertebra angle, and ODI in the top pressure group were significantly better than those in the traditional group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS score and height ratio of the anterior margin of injured vertebra between the two groups at 1 week after operation ( P>0.05), but the two indicators in the top pressure group were significantly better than those in the traditional group at last follow-up ( P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The treatment of thoracolumbar vertebral fractures with sagittal top compression reduction technique can significantly improve the quality of vertebral reduction, and is superior to traditional reduction techniques in relieving pain and improving spinal function.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Retrospective Studies , Blood Loss, Surgical , Treatment Outcome , Pedicle Screws , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Kyphosis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Compression/surgery
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6066-6074, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008805

ABSTRACT

This study comprehensively analyzed the active components of Sanhan Huashi Formula using qualitative and quantitative mass spectrometry techniques, laying the foundation for understanding its pharmacological substance basis. UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap-MS and GC-MS technologies were used to analyze and identify the volatile and non-volatile components in Sanhan Huashi Formula. UHPLC-QQQ-MS/MS technology was used to simultaneously determine the content of 27 major active components in the formula. The results showed that 308 major chemical components were identified in Sanhan Huashi Formula, among which 60 compounds were identified by comparing with reference standards, mainly including alkaloids, flavonoids, coumarins, triterpenoid saponins, amino acids, and nucleosides. GC-MS technology preliminarily identified 52 volatile compounds, with γ-eudesmol and β-eudesmol as the main components. The quantitative results demonstrated good linearity(r>0.99) for the 27 active components, indicating the stability, simplicity, and reliability of the established method. Among them, amygdalin, nodakenin, arecoline, ephedrine, and pseudoephedrine had relatively high content and were presumably the main pharmacologically active substances. In conclusion, this study systematically and comprehensively characterized the major chemical components and patterns in Sanhan Huashi Formula, providing a basis for understanding its pharmacological mechanisms and clinical applications.


Subject(s)
Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Reproducibility of Results , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/chemistry
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5898-5907, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008788

ABSTRACT

This study aims to reveal the endogenous metabolic characteristics of acteoside in the young rat model of purinomycin aminonucleoside nephropathy(PAN) by non-targeted urine metabolomics and decipher the potential mechanism of action. Biochemical indicators in the urine of rats from each group were determined by an automatic biochemical analyzer. The potential biomarkers and related core metabolic pathways were identified by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with linear ion trap-Orbitrap mass spectrometry(UHPLC-LTQ-Orbitrap MS) combined with principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA). MetaboAnalyst 5.0 was used to establish the receiver operating characteristic(ROC) curve for evaluating the clinical diagnostic performance of core metabolites. The results showed that acteoside significantly decreased urinary protein-to-creatinine ratio in PAN young rats. A total of 17 differential metabolites were screened out by non-targeted urine metabolomics in PAN young rats and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis. Thirtten differential metabolites were screened by acteoside intervention in PAN young rats, and they were involved in phenylalanine metabolism and arginine and proline metabolism. Among them, leucylproline and acetophenone were the differential metabolites that were significantly recovered after acteoside treatment. These pathways suggest that acteoside treats PAN in young rats by regulating amino acid metabolism. The area under the curve of two core biomarkers, leucylproline and acetophenone, were both greater than 0.9. In summary, acteoside may restore amino acid metabolism by regulating endogenous differential metabolites in PAN young rats, which will help to clarify the mechanism of acteoside in treating chronic glomerulonephritis in children. The characteristic biomarkers screened out have a high diagnostic value for evaluating the treatment of chronic glomerulonephritis in children with acteoside.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Rats , Animals , Puromycin Aminonucleoside , Metabolomics/methods , Biomarkers/urine , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , Acetophenones , Glomerulonephritis , Phenylalanine , Amino Acids
10.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 1074-1078, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988752

ABSTRACT

Background A rational diet is the foundation of health. Dietary guidelines for Chinese residents and Chinese Food Guild Pagoda aim to provide healthy eating guidance for Chinese residents. Objective To evaluate the rationality and applicability of the "Chinese Food Guild Pagoda" (2022). Methods The energy and nutrient supplies of foods recommended by the Food Pagoda-were calculated based on the chinese food composition Table. The degree of requirement satisfaction for energy or nutrients was calculated by comparing with the recommended nutrient intake (RNI) or adequate intake (AI) for adults (≥ 18 years) with light physical activity according to the Chinese dietary reference intakes. Results The estimated energy intake was 46662.79-10062.28 kJ, which met the 6697.36-10046.04 kJ set by the Food Pagoda. We estimated that 65.74-102.78 g of protein, 59.67-82.71 g of fat, and 211.27-333.19 g of carbohydrate were provided by following the Food Pagoda. Adequate vitamins and minerals were also provided by following the Food Pagoda. However, the amounts of vitamin E was estimated to be 2.40-3.28 times and sodium was 1.59-1.75 times of AI, while selenium was 63.40%-98.15% of RNI. Conclusion The amounts of vitamin E and sodium by following the Food Pagoda may be higher and selenium may be lower than recommended intakes. Energy and other nutrients in the Food Pagoda are suitable for general adults in China.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 989-996, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988740

ABSTRACT

Background Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) exposure may affect male reproductive health. There are regional differences in PFASs exposure levels among men of childbearing age in China, and current research results on associated influencing factors are inconsistent. Objective To investigate the levels of PFASs in serum and their determinants among men of childbearing age. Methods The participants (n=113, 22-45 years old) were from a cross-sectional study of exposure to environmental pollutants and male reproductive health damage in Hubei Province conducted from April to June 2013 at the Reproductive Medicine Center of Tongji Hospital, Wuhan, Hubei Province. Eleven kinds of PFASs were measured in serum by isotopic dilution-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. The included PFASs were prefluorohexanoic acid (PFHxA), perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA), perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA), perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUdA), perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoA), perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA), perfluorotetradecanoic acid (PFTeDA), perfluorohexane sulfonate (PFHxS), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS). Information about participants' demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and habits was collected by a set of self-designed questionnaires. The associations of demographic characteristics, lifestyle, and habits with exposure to PFASs were analyzed by linear regression. Results The major components of PFASs were PFOS and PFOA, and the concentrations expressed as M (P25, P75) were 8.31 (4.90, 17.79) ng·mL−1 and 2.77 (2.18, 3.46) ng·mL−1, respectively. The positive rates of six PFASs (PFOA, PFNA, PFDA, PFUdA, PFHxS, and PFOS) were 100%, followed by PFDoA and PFTrDA (87.61% and 88.59%, respectively). The linear regression results showed that age was positively associated with the levels of Σ8PFASs (sum of the concentrations of the eight PFASs with a positive rate greater than 80%) (P < 0.05). The concentration of serum PFOA in men with monthly family income of 2000-4000 yuan was 53.73% (P < 0.01) higher than those in men with monthly family income of <2000 yuan. The serum concentrations of PFNA and PFTrDA were both 32.31% (P < 0.05) higher in men with monthly family income ≥4000 yuan than those in men with monthly family income <2000 yuan. The serum concentration of PFHxS in men who used plastic cups was 33.64% (P < 0.01) higher than that in men who did not report oral contact with plastic products (plastic tableware, plastic cups, and plastic bags for packing food). The serum concentrations of PFHxS, PFOS, and Σ8PFASs were 33.64% (P < 0.01), 43.33% (P < 0.01), and 36.34% (P < 0.05) higher in men who bathed with laundry soap than those in men who did not use detergents. Men who bathed with toilet soap had a 34.99% (P < 0.05) higher serum concentration of PFHxS than those who bathed without detergents. Conclusion Men of childbearing age are exposed to PFASs extensively. Age, monthly household income, usage of laundry soap or toilet soap in bathing, and usage of plastic cups may influence the level of PFASs in serum. However, further investigation is needed to confirm these results.

12.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 925-930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998983

ABSTRACT

Crohn’s Disease (CD) is a destructive, relapsing and remitting chronic inflammatory bowel disease that usually progresses to irreversible intestinal structural and functional changes, such as intestinal lumen stenosis, fistula formation and perianal lesions, severely affecting the quality of life of patients. This review summarized the research progress on the mechanism, clinical application and safety of upadacitinib in the treatment of CD. Upadacitinib can increase the clinical remission and endoscopic response rates in patients with CD, improve the long-term outcome of CD patients and provide a new idea for the treatment of CD patients by using biological agents.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 2031-2034, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998485

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the relationship between rs128912 single nucleotide polymorphism(SNP)in the promoter region of Toll-like receptor 3(TLR3)gene and cataract in Chinese Han population.METHODS: A total of 263 patients with cataract admitted to our hospital from June 2019 to June 2021 were selected as study group, and 150 patients with lens dislocation were included in control group. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues of lens in the two groups, and direct sequencing method was applied to analyze the polymorphism of rs128912 locus in the promoter region of TLR3 gene. The expression of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA of patients with different genotypes was detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR).RESULTS: The expression level of TLR3 protein in the anterior capsular tissues in the study group was higher than that in the control group(P&#x003C;0.05). The frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region in the study group and the control group were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg genetic equilibrium, and there were differences in the frequencies of genotypes(AA, AT, TT)and frequencies of alleles(A, T)at rs128912 locus in the TLR3 gene promoter region between both groups(P&#x003C;0.05). The relative expression level of peripheral blood TLR3 mRNA in patients with TT genotype in the study group was higher than that in patients with AA or AT genotypes(P&#x003C;0.05).CONCLUSION: The expression of TLR3 protein in anterior capsular tissues of lens of patients with cataract is significantly up-regulated, and rs128912 locus polymorphism in the TLR3 gene promoter region is related to the susceptibility of cataract in Chinese Han population, and people with TT genotype are more prone to cataract.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-154, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996821

ABSTRACT

Cathartic colon (CC) is a common and refractory digestive system disease, with the pathogenesis not fully clarified. The effective therapies other than laxatives and surgery remain to be developed for CC. Therefore, establishing the CC animal models that fit the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is an important link to promote the research on this disease. The fitting degree of animal models with the latest Chinese and western medical diagnostic criteria is an indicator to assess the effectiveness of the animal models in simulating the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of TCM. The literature review showed that the model animals, drugs and their dosage forms, doses, administration methods, and modeling period of CC varied in different studies, and the available CC animal models presented different fitting degrees with the disease characteristics of western medicine and syndrome characteristics of TCM. Rats were the preferred animals for the modeling of CC. Rhei Radix et Rhizoma preparations were commonly used for model inducing, which, however, may cause water electrolyte disorders, decreased immunity, and even death of animals at the late stage of modeling. The animals were modeled by gradually increasing the starting dose, while the starting dose and increasing dose varied. The maintenance dose was determined based on 50% of the animals having loose stools, and the end for a cycle was determined as the time when loose stools disappeared in 80% of animals. The modeling always lasted for 2-3 cycles, approximately 2-4 months. The CC models established with Rhei Radix et Rhizoma granules and rhein had high fitting degrees with the disease and syndrome characteristics. In addition, the CC animal models of TCM syndromes were still in the exploration stage. There were only the animal models of four TCM syndromes: liver depression and spleen deficiency, both Qi and Yin deficiency, Qi stagnation and blood stasis, and spleen and kidney deficiency. Efforts should be made to establish the animal models that meet the characteristics of disease of western medicine and syndromes of TCM, so as to facilitate the research on CC mechanism and drug development.

15.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 286-294, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995729

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the screening efficacy of AI for bone marrow cell morphology.Method:Bone marrow specimens of patients attending the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from December 1,2019 to December 21,2020;(1) Selected from one hundred bone marrow specimens, The cases included chronic myeloid cell leukemia ( n=23), myelodysplastic syndrome ( n=4), chronic lymphocytic leukemia ( n=4), multiple myeloma ( n=5), 7 acute leukemia ( n=7), chronic anemia ( n=32), infection ( n=6) and healthy control ( n=15). Including 45 males and 55 females, with age 52(37,66)years old.The bone marrow smear prepared with Wright-Giemsa, The AI analysis system and manual audit were applied to classify 13 types of bone marrow nucleated cell, taking the results of manual audit as the gold standard, comparing the difference between the results of the two methods, using statistical software to draw the confusion matrix, The compliance between the manual audit results and the pre-classification results of the AI analysis system was calculated by the Kappa consistency test method; The consistency analysis between the pre-classification results of AI and those of the manual microscopic examination was performed by the Pearson test; (2)Statistics analyzed the blast cell differential count differences of AI and manual microscopy, to evaluate the clinical application value of AI analysis system, which soured from thirty bone marrow samples of patients diagnosed with MDS and AML. Results:76 630 images of 13 nucleated cells were obtained by AI analysis system; the weighted average experimental diagnostic efficiency parameters of 13 types of bone marrow nucleated cells, are as follows: sensitivity(%)=95.82, specificity(%)=99.19, accuracy(%)=98.89, false positive rate(%)=0.81, false negative rate (%)=4.18; the correlation results, between the pre-classification results of AI and manual microscopic classification results,showed that blast cell, promyelocytes, neutrophilic myelocyte, neutrophilic metamyelocyte, band neutrophil, segmented neutrophi,eosinophil, basophil, polychromatic erythroblast, orthochromatic erythroblast, and lymphocytes have good positive correlation ( r>0.70,all P<0.001), while basophilic erythroblast and monocytes have no obvious correlation ( r=0.32,0.30, all P> 0.001); the count results of the blast cells in bone marrow smears of MDS and AML, got by AI and manual microscopy respectively, showed that the average percentage of blast cells was 8.19% by AI and 8.68% by manual microscopy in MDS, there was no significant difference between the two methods ( P>0.05); the average percentage of blast cells was 48.52% by AI analysis system and 53.77% by manual microscopy in AML, and although there was a significant difference in blast cell count ( P<0.01), coincidence the classification diagnostic criteria for AML (blast cells ≥ 20%). Conclusion:The AI analysis system performed good sensitivity, specificity and accuracy for 13 types of bone marrow nucleated cells, which showed potential application value for the rapid classification and diagnosis of MDS and AML.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 585-587, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994234

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of gender on anesthetic potency of ciprofol for gastroscopy when combined with fentanyl.Methods:American Society of Anesthesiologists Physical Status classification Ⅰ or Ⅱ patients, aged 18-50 yr, with body mass index of 18-25 kg/m 2, undergoing elective gastroscopy with intravenous anesthesia, were divided into 2 groups according to gender: male group (M group) and female group (F group). After fentanyl 1.5 μg/kg was intravenously injected, ciprofol was given by the Dixon′s up-and-down method, with the initial dose of 0.4 mg/kg followed by dose increment/decrement of 0.04 mg/kg. The ED 50 and 95% confidence interval of ciprofol for gastroscopy anesthesia were calculated by the probit regression analysis. Results:The ED 50 (95% confidence interval) of ciprofol for gastroscopy was 0.33 (0.32-0.34) mg/kg in F group and 0.27 (0.26-0.28) mg/kg in M patients when combined with fentanyl 1.5 μg/kg. There was no significant difference between the two groups ( P>0.05). Conclusions:There is no significant gender difference in the anesthetic potency of ciprofol for gastroscopy (ED 50: female 0.33 mg/kg, male 0.27 mg/kg) when combined with fentanyl (1.5 μg/kg).

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 58-63, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992681

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the compliance with enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol in geriatric patients with fresh fracture.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on the data of the patients with fresh extremity fracture which had been included in the ERAS perioperative protocol database during May 2019 and January 2022 at Department of Orthopaedic Trauma, Beijing Jishuitan Hospital. The patients ≥65 years were selected as a study group which was matched by a control group of the patients < 65 years in sex, fracture type and date frame of hospitalization at a ratio of 1∶1. The 2 groups were compared in the compliance with the 14 ERAS core perioperative elements.Results:The study group and the control group each included 66 patients who were matched in sex and fracture type. 62.1% (41/66) of the patients in the study group had combined diseases, significantly more than that [16.7% (11/66)] in the control group( P<0.001). Altogether, the compliance with the 14 ERAS core perioperative elements was 78.6 (71.4, 85.7) % in both groups, showing no significant difference between them ( P>0.05). Respectively, the compliance with the postoperative oral intake in the study group (80.3%, 53/66) was significantly lower than that in the control group (92.4%, 61/66) ( P<0.05); the compliance with the other 13 elements showed no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:The ERAS perioperative protocol can be carried out smoothly in geriatric patients with fresh fracture whose compliance may be comparable to that of the none-elderly patients.

18.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 189-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992000

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate whether propofol can cause injury to hippocampal mitochondria in neonatal rats and the regulation of excitatory amino acid receptor AMPA receptor.Methods:Forty-eight Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats aged 7 days were randomly divided into control group, propofol group, propofol+AMPA receptor agonist AMPA group (propofol+AMPA group) and propofol+AMPA receptor inhibitor CNQX group (propofol+CNQX group), with 12 rats in each group. The rats in the propofol groups were intraperitoneally injected with 30 mg/kg propofol, while in control group with 3 mg/kg normal saline. Each group was given 1/2 of the first dose every 20 minutes after the first administration, three times a day, for three consecutive days. The rats in the propofol+AMPA group and the propofol+CNQX group were injected with 1 g/L AMPA or CNQX 5 μL through left ventricle after the first administration. Three days after administration, the rats were sacrificed to obtain brain tissue. Western blotting was used to determine the expression of AMPA receptor glutamate receptors (GluR1, GluR2) subunit totally (T) and on membrane (M) in hippocampus. The expression of dynamin-related protein-1 (DRP-1) and phosphorylated-DRP-1 (p-DRP-1) and mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) related to mitochondrial fission and fusion were determined. The adenosine triphosphate (ATP) content and ATPase activity were determined.Results:Compared with the control group, GluR1 expression and its M/T ratio were significantly increased after treatment of propofol, GluR2 expression and its M/T ratio were significantly decreased, the ATP content and ATP-related enzyme activity were decreased significantly, while the expression of DRP-1 and its phosphorylation was significantly increased, and the expression of Mfn2 was significantly decreased. The changes indicated that repeated intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg propofol leading to the injury of mitochondria in neural cells. Compared with the propofol group, the GluR1 expression and its M/T ratio further increased after AMPA agonist administration [T-GluR1 protein (T-GluR1/β-actin): 2.41±0.29 vs. 1.72±0.11, M-GluR1 protein (M-GluR1/β-actin): 1.18±0.15 vs. 0.79±0.09, M/T ratio: 0.78±0.12 vs. 0.46±0.08, all P < 0.01], GluR2 expression was significantly increased [T-GluR2 protein (T-GluR2/β-actin): 0.65±0.13 vs. 0.30±0.14, P < 0.01; M-GluR2 protein (M-GluR2/β-actin): 0.17±0.05 vs. 0.13±0.07, P > 0.05], but its M/T ratio was further decreased (0.27±0.10 vs. 0.41±0.08, P < 0.05). The ATP-related enzyme activity was further decreased, and the ATP content was further decreased (μmol/g: 0.32±0.07 vs. 0.70±0.10, P < 0.01). Mitochondria DRP-1 expression and its phosphorylation were further increased [DRP-1 protein (DRP-1/GAPDH): 2.75±0.36 vs. 1.70±0.19, p-DRP-1 protein (p-DRP-1/GAPDH): 0.99±0.14 vs. 0.76±0.15, both P < 0.05], and Mfn2 expression was further decreased (Mfn2/GAPDH: 0.23±0.12 vs. 0.54±0.12, P < 0.05). This indicated that the AMPA agonist increased the expression of the AMPA receptor GluR1 subunit on the cell membrane and shifted the GluR2 into the cell, thus increasing the mitochondrial injury caused by propofol. Compared with the propofol group, the GluR1 expression and its M/T ratio decreased significantly after AMPA inhibitor administration [T-GluR1 protein (T-GluR1/β-actin): 0.99±0.14 vs. 1.72±0.11, M-GluR1 protein (M-GluR1/β-actin): 0.21±0.07 vs. 0.79±0.09, M/T ratio: 0.21±0.07 vs. 0.46±0.08, all P < 0.01], the change of GluR2 expression was not significant, but its M/T ratio was significantly increased (0.59±0.09 vs. 0.41±0.08, P < 0.05). The ATP-related enzyme activity was increased significantly, and the ATP content was increased significantly (μmol/g: 0.87±0.12 vs. 0.70±0.10, P < 0.05). Mitochondria DRP-1 expression and its phosphorylation were significantly decreased [DRP-1 protein (DRP-1/GAPDH): 1.18±0.17 vs. 1.70±0.19, p-DRP-1 protein (p-DRP-1/GAPDH): 0.37±0.10 vs. 0.76±0.10, both P < 0.05], and Mfn2 expression was significantly increased (Mfn2/GAPDH: 0.78±0.10 vs. 0.54±0.12, P < 0.05). This indicated that AMPA inhibitor promoted the movement to the cell membrane of GluR2 subunits meanwhile inhibited the expression of GluR1 subunits, thus alleviating the injury of mitochondrial caused by propofol in the brain. Conclusions:Repeated intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg propofol for 3 days can increase the expression of GluR1 subunits of AMPA receptor in 7-day neonatal rats hippocampus mainly distributing in the cell membrane, decrease the expression of GluR2 subunits moving into the cell, thus causing injury of mitochondrial function and dynamics, which can be aggravated by AMPA receptor agonist and alleviated by AMPA receptor inhibitors.

19.
Chinese Journal of Postgraduates of Medicine ; (36): 581-586, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991061

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effects of different doses of vitamin D diet early in life on airway inflammation in different endotypes of asthma mice models.Methods:In the Animal House of Shanghai General Hospital of Nanjing Medical University in June 2022, the BALB/c mice with 14 d pregnant were selected, the offspring mice were divided into vitamin D sufficient group and vitamin D deficient group by random number table method with 12 each. The mice in the vitamin D sufficient group were given a feed with sufficient vitamin D content, while the mice in the vitamin D deficient group were given a feed without vitamin D. At the age of 8 weeks, the mice were sensitized and stimulated with ovalbumin to establish a T2 type asthma model, while the mice were sensitized and stimulated with ovalbumin combined with ozone exposure to establish a non-T2 type asthma model, with 6 mice in each model. The level of serum 25 hydroxy vitamin D 3 was detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method. The lung tissue was stained with HE to evaluate the inflammatory response score and calculate the eosinophils density and neutrophils density. In bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), the expression levels of interleukin (IL)-4, IL-6, IL-10 and IL-17A, the inflammatory cell count (total cell count, neutrophil count and eosinophil count) were detected. Results:The 25 hydroxy vitamin D 3 in T2 type asthma mice and non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group were significantly lower than that in vitamin D sufficient group: (8.12 ± 1.72) μg/L vs. (26.63 ± 2.54) μg/L and (6.86 ± 1.65) μg/L vs. (23.81 ± 3.09) μg/L, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.01). The inflammatory response score in non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group was significantly higher than that in non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D sufficient group: (2.58 ± 0.49) scores vs. (1.83 ± 0.21) scores, and there was statistical difference ( P<0.05), there was no statistical differences in inflammatory response score in T2 type asthma mice between two groups ( P>0.05). The neutrophils density and eosinophils density in T2 type asthma mice and non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group were significantly higher than those in vitamin D sufficient group, T2 type asthma mice: (20.30 ± 1.95) cells/100 μm vs. (12.58 ± 1.04) cells/100 μm and (5.25 ± 0.62) cells/100 μm vs. (3.15 ± 0.35) cells/100 μm; non-T2 type asthma mice: (53.48±5.19) cells/100 μm vs. (33.80 ± 2.74) cells/100 μm and (3.00 ± 0.29) cells/100 μm vs. (2.17 ± 0.21) cells/100 μm, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). The BALF total cell count in T2 type asthma mice and non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group was significantly higher than that in vitamin D sufficient group, the BALF eosinophil count in T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group was significantly higher than that in T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D sufficient group, the BALF neutrophil count in non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group was significantly higher than that in T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D sufficient group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01); there was no statistical difference in BALF neutrophil count in T2 type asthma mice between two groups ( P>0.05); there was no statistical difference in BALF eosinophil count in non-T2 type asthma mice between two groups ( P>0.05). The BALF total cell count and neutrophil count in non-T2 type asthma mice of both groups were significantly higher than those in T2 type asthma mice, but the BALF eosinophil count in T2 type asthma mice was significantly higher non-T2 type asthma mice, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). The BALF IL-4, IL-6 and IL-17A in T2 type asthma mice and non-T2 type asthma mice of vitamin D deficient group were significantly higher than those in vitamin D sufficient group, the BALF IL-10 was significantly lower than those in vitamin D sufficient group, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.01 or <0.05). In vitamin D deficient group, the BALF IL-4 in non-T2 type asthma mice was significantly lower than that in T2 type asthma mice, the BALF IL-6 and IL-17A were significantly higher than those in T2 type asthma mice, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05); in vitamin D sufficient group, the BALF IL-6 and IL-17A in non-T2 type asthma mice were significantly higher than those in T2 type asthma mice, and there were statistical differences ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Vitamin D deficiency is involved in different mechanisms of airway inflammation in T2 type asthma and non-T2 type asthma, and this effect may be more obvious for non-T2 type asthma.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2448-2453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999131

ABSTRACT

C17 is an orally available anti-tumor compound inhibiting cancer stem cell (CSC). In this study, a stable, sensitive and simple liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was established and validated, and was further applied to a pharmacokinetic study in nude mice receiving C17 by gavage. Using propranolol as the internal standard, the plasma samples were pre-treated by precipitation with methanol and analyzed on an Intersil C8-3 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm, 3 μm), and gradient elution was performed with a mobile phase consisting of 0.1% formic acid aqueous and solution mixed up by 90% isopropanol and 10% acetonitrile. The analyte was detected by a triple quadrupole tandem mass spectrometer, and multiple reaction monitoring was employed to select C17 at m/z 439.3/247.1 and propranolol at m/z 260.2/116.2 in the positive ion mode. The calibration curves were linear (r > 0.995) over the range of 5-800 ng·mL-1. The intra- and inter-day precisions and accuracies were 7.42%-13.22% and -8.99%-8.81% respectively. The method was successfully applied to a PK study in nude mice administered with a single oral dose of 50 mg·kg-1 C17, and the PK data were analyzed with non-linear mixed effect model (NONMEM). Two separated absorption peaks were found in the PK curve of C17, and a two-compartment model with two sequential first-order absorption rate was utilized to describe the PK properties of C17, and the model could provide insights into the physiological process and exposure of C17 in nude mice. All animal experiments were in strict accordance with the regulations of the Biomedical Ethics Committee of Peking University.

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