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1.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1689-1694, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987892

ABSTRACT

Myopia has become a serious global burden of visual impairment and blindness, and the World Health Organization has included the prevention and treatment of myopia in its global blindness prevention program. Many ocular pathological alterations that follow from advanced myopia could cause visual impairment and even blindness in severe situations. Myopia is becoming more prevalent and has a greater impact on young people. Myopia's social repercussions are becoming more widely known. One of the several fundus alterations linked to myopia is tessellated fundus, which is the earliest lesion in the natural course of myopic fundus lesions and an important clinical marker for the development of retinopathy. Currently, there are several different methods of grading fundus tessellation, all of which are graded subjectively by fundus color photography. One can investigate the morphological characteristics and functional status of the tessellated fundus with ophthalmoscope, fundus photography, optical coherence tomography, electroretinogram, microperimetry and other modal images. In this study, the imaging properties and common applications of the tessellated fundus are reviewed to provide appropriate resources for clinical ophthalmology.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2530-2537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981329

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to observe the effect of terpinen-4-ol(T4O) on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells(VSMCs) exposed to high glucose(HG) and reveal the mechanism via the Krüppel-like factor 4(KLF4)/nuclear factor kappaB(NF-κB) signaling pathway. The VSMCs were first incubated with T4O for 2 h and then cultured with HG for 48 h to establish the model of inflammatory injury. The proliferation, cell cycle, and migration rate of VSMCs were examined by MTT method, flow cytometry, and wound healing assay, respectively. The content of inflammatory cytokines including interleukin(IL)-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha(TNF-α) in the supernatant of VSMCs was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). Western blot was employed to determine the protein levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen(PCNA), Cyclin D1, KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. The KLF4 expression in VSMCs was silenced by the siRNA technology, and then the effects of T4O on the cell cycle and protein expression of the HG-induced VSMCs were observed. The results showed that different doses of T4O inhibited the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs, increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, and decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, and down-regulated the protein levels of PCNA and Cyclin D1. In addition, T4O reduced the HG-induced secretion and release of the inflammatory cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α and down-regulated the expression of KLF4, NF-κB p-p65/NF-κB p65, IL-1β, and IL-18. Compared with si-NC+HG, siKLF4+HG increased the percentage of cells in G_1 phase, decreased the percentage of cells in S phase, down-regulated the expression of PCNA, Cyclin D1, and KLF4, and inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway. Notably, the combination of silencing KLF4 with T4O treatment further promoted the changes in the above indicators. The results indicate that T4O may inhibit the HG-induced proliferation and migration of VSMCs by down-regulating the level of KLF4 and inhibiting the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
NF-kappa B/metabolism , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/genetics , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Proliferation , Signal Transduction , Cytokines/metabolism , Glucose/metabolism
3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 427-432, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985942

ABSTRACT

Objective: By investigating the correlation between quantitative parameters of contrast enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and commonly used activity assessment indicators of Crohn's disease (CD), and comparing the predictive power of laboratory inflammatory indicators with CEUS on Crohn's disease (CD), the significance of CEUS was evaluated. Methods: A case-control study. From October 2019 to December 2021, the clinical data of 67 patients with CD who were diagnosed by endoscopy and underwent contrast-enhanced ultrasonography were retrospectively analyzed in the First Affiliated Hospital with Nanjing Medical University, and their routine ultrasound and CEUS parameters, C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), fecal calprotectin (FC), Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) and simplified endoscopic score for Crohn's disease (SES-CD) were collected. Using SES-CD as the standard, the patients were divided into a remission group and an active group, and the correlation of laboratory inflammatory indexes and contrast-enhanced ultrasound parameters with CDAI and SES-CD were evaluated. Besides, the ROC curve was used to analyze the predictive efficacy of each index on CD endoscopic activity. Results: A total of 67 patients were included in this study. According to the SES-CD score, there were 17 patients in the remission group and 50 patients in the active group. Except for the coefficient of the enhancement wash in slope and time to peak (TTP), the peak intensity (PI), area under the angiography curve, and laboratory inflammatory indexes were significantly different between the two groups (P<0.05), which also showed a moderate positive correlation with CDAI and SES-CD (P<0.05). ROC analysis showed that among the non-invasive indicators, PI and area under the angiography curve had the highest AUCs for predicting CD endoscopic activity, which were 0.912 and 0.891, respectively; with SES-CD taking >3 as the cut-off value, the corresponding sensitivities were 78.0% and 72.0%, with specificities of 100.0% and 94.1%, respectively. Conclusion: CEUS can objectively and repeatedly evaluate the disease activity of CD patients, and has great clinical application value, which can be used as a reliable imaging method for diagnosis and follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Crohn Disease/diagnosis , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Severity of Illness Index
4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 91-97, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940556

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of quantitative pulmonary administration of the essential oil from Alpiniae Zerumbet Fructus (EOAZF) on porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE)-induced emphysema in mice and explore its action mechanism. MethodC57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into five group, namely the control group, model group, low- (2 mg·kg-1) and high-dose (20 mg·kg-1) EOFAZ groups, and positive control dexamethasone (DEX,1 mg·kg-1) group. The mice were treated with pulmonary administration of PPE using a microsprayer aerosolizer, once every seven days, for four times in total, for inducing emphysema. During this period, EOFAZ were administered with a quantitative microsprayer aerosolizer once every other day, for 14 times. The lung tissues were then sampled and stained with hematoxylin-eosin (HE) for observing the morphological changes and calculating the pulmonary mean linear intercept (MLI). The concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in the plasma were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the lung tissues were measured using the biochemical assay kits. The protein expression levels of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), quinone oxidoreductase1 (NQO1), B cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2)-associated X protein (Bax), and Bcl-2 in lung tissues were detected by Western blot. ResultThe results of lung morphological observation and MLI detection showed that compared with the control group, the model group showed obvious inflammatory infiltration, alveolar enlargement and fusion, and increased MLI (P<0.05). Compared with the model group, EOFAZ effectively alleviated the pathological changes such as alveolar dilatation, pulmonary inflammatory cell infiltration, and lung cell apoptosis caused by PPE, and decreased the MLI (P<0.05). As revealed by ELISA, the inflammatory level of mice in the model group increased significantly (P<0.01), while the TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6 levels in the plasma were decreased after quantitative administration of EOFAZ (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the model group exhibited significantly enhanced oxidative stress (P<0.01). After treatment with EOFAZ by quantitative administration, the activities of SOD and CAT in the lung tissue were increased (P<0.01) and the content of MDA was decreased (P<0.01). Western blot results demonstrated that the apoptosis-related protein expression in the model group was increased significantly as compared with that in the control group (P<0.01), whereas the expression levels of antioxidant stress proteins Nrf2 and NQO1 declined (P<0.05). The relative protein expression of apoptosis-related proteins Bax/Bcl-2 in the EOFAZ groups was lower than that in the model group (P<0.01), while the expression of antioxidant stress proteins Nrf2 and NQO1 was higher (P<0.05). ConclusionQuantitative pulmonary administration of EOFAZ effectively alleviates the inflammation and oxidative stress, reduces lung cell apoptosis, and hinders the occurrence and development of emphysema. Its antioxidant mechanism is closely related to the up-regulation of Nrf2 and its downstream NQO1.

5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 13-17, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936106

ABSTRACT

Some kinds of chronic sialadenitis were recognized during the recent years. They have specific pathogenesis, clinical and histopathologic appearances, and require specific treatment. IgG4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) is one of the immune-mediated diseases, characterized by tumefactive lesions. The incidence of IgG4-RS obviously increased during the past 30 years. The study on the potential relationship between occupational exposure to chemical substances and the incidence of IgG4-RS showed that subjects with occupational exposure to agents known to cause IgG4-RD had an increased risk for IgG4-RS. Surgical excision of involved SMG could not control the disease progression, which is not recommended for treatment of IgG4-RS. The combination of glucocorticoid and steroid-sparing agents is effective for treating IgG4-RS, and restores salivary gland function. Radioiodine induced sialadenitis (RAIS) is one of the common complications of postoperative adjuvant treatment of differentiated thyroid cancer by 131I. The incidence of the disease is related to radiation dosage. Clinically, the patients suffered from swelling and tenderness in the buccal or submandibular regions, especially during the mealtime. Imaging appearances are similar to those of chronic obstructive sialadenitis. Conservative managements, such as gland massage, sialagogues, are the mainstream methods in the treatment of RAIS. Sialendoscopy is feasible for RAIS, but not as effective as conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore the prevention of RAIS is crucial. Eosinophilic sialodochitis (ES) is a new type of chronic inflammatory disease of the salivary gland related to allergy. It has characteristics of swelling of multiple major salivary glands, strip-like gelatinous plugs discharged from the duct orifice of the gland, elevated level of serum IgE and eosinophils in peripheral blood, infiltration of eosinophils and IgE positive plasma cells in the tissues, allergic history, increased expression of allergy-related cytokines, such as IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin, which suggest allergic reactions as a potential pathogenesis of the disease. The clinical, laboratory, histological, and immunohistochemical characteristics of ES are significantly different from conventional obstructive sialadenitis (COS). Therefore, it is suitable to separate ES from COS. Conservative managements, such as self-maintenance therapy and anti- allergic modality are the choices of treatment for ES. Based on the results of our comprehensive studies a new classification of chronic sialadenitis is suggested.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Iodine Radioisotopes , Salivary Glands , Sialadenitis/etiology , Submandibular Gland
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 371-381, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887869

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the function and mechanism of related genes in the occurrence and development of liver cancer, and the possibility of key genes as potential biomarkers and prognostic indicators for the treatment of liver cancer.Methods We selected 4 datasets(GSE57957, GSE121248, GSE36376 and GSE14520)from the GEO database.With


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carrier Proteins , Computational Biology , Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1 , Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A , Gene Expression Profiling , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Gene Regulatory Networks , Glycoproteins , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Protein Interaction Maps
7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 184-190, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906316

ABSTRACT

Notoginsenosides, the saponins extracted from Panax notoginseng, have many pharmacological effects, such as anti-inflammation, anti-oxidation, anti-tumor, nervous system and cardiovascular system protection, microcirculation improvement and calcium overload inhibition. At present, notoginsenosides are widely used clinically for treating many diseases with good efficacy, especially for nervous system diseases such as stroke, stroke sequelae and Alzheimer's disease. In recent years, the mechanism underlying their neuroprotective effect has been continuously explored. To advance the applied research on notoginsenosides in the prevention and treatment of central nervous system diseases, this paper, combined with the latest reports, summarizes their neuroprotective effect and mechanisms in terms of regulating voltage-gated ion channels, protecting nerve cells and neurovascular unit, inhibiting oxidative stress and inflammatory reaction, promoting angiogenesis and reducing excitatory neurotoxicity. Although the protective mechanism of notoginsenosides for the nervous system mainly involves the above several aspects, some of them still remain to be fully elucidated, which necessitates the further exploration of neuroprotective effect of notoginsenosides with molecular biology, metabolomics, proteomics and other technologies.

8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-27, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906295

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the protective effect of essential oil from Alpiniae Zerumbet Fructus (EOAZF) against high glucose (HG)-induced injury of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) <italic>in vitro</italic>, so as to provide experimental evidence for the treatment of diabetes-induced cardiovascular diseases with EOAZF. Method:The cells were divided into the normal group, model group (25 mmol·L<sup>-1</sup> glucose), positive control group (100 mg·L<sup>-1</sup> vitamin C), and the low- (0.25 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (1 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (4 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>) EOAZF groups. The HUVECs were damaged by HG. The secretion amounts of malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide (NO), and endothelin-1 (ET-1) in HUVECs of different groups were measured to assess the protective effect of EOAZF against HG-induced injury. The effects of EOAZF on the apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation of HUVECs damaged by HG were detected by Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide (Annexin V-FITC/PI) staining and dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) assay. The protein and mRNA expression levels of thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP) and thioredoxin 1 (Trx-1) were determined by Western blot and Real-time polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), followed by the measurement of total intracellular Trx-1 activity with insulin disulfide reduction method. Result:The comparison with the control group revealed that the proliferation of HUVECs in the model group was significantly inhibited and their shape was damaged. Compared with the model group, EOAZF protected HUVECs against HG-induced injury in a concentration-dependent manner. The secretion amounts of MDA and ET-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05) in the model group were increased in contrast to those in the control group, while the NO level was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, EOAZF at all the three concentrations, especially at 4 μg·L<sup>-1</sup>, obviously reduced the secretion of MDA and ET-1 (<italic>P</italic><0.05), but elevated NO after HG induction (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The cell apoptosis assay and ROS detection results demonstrated that the apoptosis and ROS level in the model group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, EOAZF at 4 μg·L<sup>-1 </sup>significantly lowered the ROS level and apoptosis (<italic>P</italic><0.05) of HUVECs damaged by HG. The Western blot assay and Trx-1 activity detection uncovered that the protein and mRNA expression levels of TXNIP in the model group were significantly up-regulated as compared with those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05), whereas the Trx-1 activity was decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, EOAZF at 4 μg·L<sup>-1 </sup>significantly down-regulated the mRNA and protein (<italic>P</italic><0.05) expression levels of TXNIP and enhanced the total Trx-1 activity (<italic>P</italic><0.05) in HUVECs, thus suppressing the oxidative stress. Conclusion:EOAZF exerts the protective effects against HG-induced injury in HUVECs by improving the endothelial function and reducing intracellular ROS and apoptosis. Its efficacy in anti-oxidative stress may be related to the down-regulation of mRNA and protein expression levels of TXNIP and the enhancement of Trx-1 activity.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 99-105, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872704

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the inhibitory effect and the possible mechanism of essential oil from fructus Alpinia zerumbet (EOFAZ) on endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) induced by high glucose (HG). Method:Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) was cultured in vitro to analyze the pharmacodynamic effects of EOFAZ on EndMT and oxidative stress damage induced by HG. The experiment was set the blank group, HG group (35 mmol·L-1), EOFAZ low dose group (1 μg·L-1) and EOFAZ high dose group (4 μg·L-1). After EOFAZ intervention for 2 h, HG was added to incubate for 72 h in order to establish EndMT cell model. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of vimentin and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31). Angiogenesis experiment was used to detect the ability of cell migration ability in order to analyze the effect of EOFAZ on EndMT. The changes of reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were detected by 2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) fluorescence probe and the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in cells were detected by the kit method to analyze the effect of EOFAZ on oxidative stress. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of nuclear transcription factor E2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) and Notch1. The overexpression of Nrf2 was achieved by adenovirus (AD) transfection and the mechanism of EOFAZ inhibiting EndMT was further analyzed. The experiment was set the blank group, HG group (35 mmol·L-1), AD-Nrf2 group, EOFAZ group (4 μg·L-1), AD-Nrf2+EOFAZ group (4 μg·L-1). The cells were infected with recombinant adenovirus overexpression plasmid of Nrf2 gene for 6 h, then replaced with normal medium for 24 h. After EOFAZ intervention for 2 h, HG was added to co-incubate for 72 h to induce EndMT. Western blot was used to detect the protein expressions of Nrf2, CD31, vimentin, Notch1 and Snail. Result:Compared with the HG group, after treatment with EOFAZ, the protein expression of CD31 was significantly up-regulated (P<0.05), the protein expression of vimentin was significantly down-regulated (P<0.01), the ability of cell migration was decreased (P<0.01), and the contents of ROS and MDA were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), the levels of CAT and SOD were increased (P<0.01). In addition, EOFAZ could significantly up-regulate the protein expression of antioxidant signal Nrf2 (P<0.01) and down-regulate the protein expression of Notch1 (P<0.01). High expression of Nrf2 was achieved by stable AD transfection into HUVECs. The results of Western blot showed that, compared with the HG group, the protein expression levels of Nrf2 and CD31 in each treatment group were significantly increased (P<0.01), while the protein expression levels of vimentin, Notch1 and Snail were down-regulated (P<0.01). At the same time, compared with the AD-Nrf2 group, the AD-Nrf2+EOFAZ group could further up-regulate the protein expressions of Nrf2 and CD31 (P<0.05, P<0.01), while decrease the protein expression levels of vimentin, Notch1 and Snail (P<0.01). Conclusion:EOFAZ ameliorates oxidative stress injury of vascular endothelial cells induced by HG and inhibits EndMT, which is related to Nrf2/Notch1 signaling pathway.

10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 586-590, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942044

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inflammation grading of 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis based upon sialoendoscopic and sialographic appearances, and to evaluate the results of sialoendoscopic intervention.@*METHODS@#The patients diagnosed with 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis and underwent sialoendoscopic exploration and intervention procedures in Peking University Hospital of Stomatology from Nov. 2012 to Oct. 2018 were included in this study. The appearances of sialogaphy and sialoendoscopy were analyzed and classified. The treatment options included irrigation with saline and dexamethasone and mechanical dilatation by sialoendoscope. The patients were followed up after treatment.@*RESULTS@#Forty-two patients with 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis were included. There were 5 males and 37 females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶7.4. Symptoms included recurrent swelling and pain in the parotid glands, and dry mouth. Sialography showed stenosis in the main duct,and in some cases nonvisua-lization of the branches. Sialoendoscopy showed narrowing of the main duct, and the branch duct atresia was seen. The appearances of sialogaphy and sialoendoscopy were analyzed and classified into 3 groups: (1) Mild inflammation: stenosis and ectasia occurred in the main duct, whereas the 0.9 mm sialoendoscope could pass through easily. (2) Moderate inflammation: one point of severe stricture could be seen in the main duct where 0.9 mm sialoendoscope could not be passed through. (3) Severe inflammation: two points or more of severe strictures or diffused strictures occurred in the main duct. Thirty-three patients with 65 affected glands were examined by both sialography and sialoendoscopy. Eight glands were classified as mild inflammation, 23 glands moderate inflammation, and 34 glands severe inflammation. The duration of follow-up ranged from 3-72 months. The clinical results were evaluated as good in 22 glands, fair in 22 glands, and poor in 19 glands, with an overall effective rate of 69.8% (44/63).@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical, sialographic and sialoendoscopic appearances of 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis showed their characteristics. We proposed an inflammation grading standard for the 131I radioiodine-induced sialadenitis based on the appearances of sialography and sialoendoscopy. Sialoendoscopy can significantly alleviate the clinical symptoms, which is an effective therapy, and better for early lesions.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Endoscopy , Inflammation , Iodine Radioisotopes , Radiation Injuries , Salivary Ducts , Sialadenitis/etiology , Sialography
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1-3, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941760

ABSTRACT

Immunoglobulin G4-related sialadenitis (IgG4-RS) is a newly recognized immune-mediated disease and one of immunoglobulin G4-related diseases (IgG4-RD). Our multidisciplinary research group investigated the clinicopathological characteristics and diagnosis of IgG4-RS during the past 10 years. Clinically, it showed multiple bilateral enlargement of major salivary glands (including sublingual and accessory parotid glands) and lacrimal glands. The comorbid diseases of head and neck region including rhinosinusitis, allergic rhinitis, and lymphadenopathy were commonly seen, which could occur more early than enlargement of major salivary glands. Internal organ involvements, such as autoimmune pancreatitis, sclerosing cholangitis, and interstitial pneumonia could also be seen. Thirty-five (38.5%) patients had the symptom of xerostomia. Saliva flow at rest was lower than normal. Secretory function was reduced more severely in the submandibular glands than in the parotid glands. Serum levels of IgG4 were elevated in almost all the cases and the majority of the patients had increased IgE levels. CT, ultrasonography, and sialography showed their imaging characteristics. Histologically it showed marked lymphoplasmacytic inflammation, large irregular lymphoid follicles with expanded germinal centers, prominent cellular interlobular fibrosis, eosinophil infiltration, and obliterative phlebitis. Their immunohistological examination showed marked IgG-positive and IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration and high IgG4/IgG ratio. The disease could be divided into three stages according to severity of glandular fibrosis. The serum IgG4 level was higher and the saliva secretion lower as glandular fibrosis increased. IgG4-RS should be differentiated from other diseases with enlargement of major salivary gland and lacrimal gland, such as primary Sjögren syndrome, chronic obstructive submandibular sialadenitis, and eosinophilic hyperplastic lymphogranuloma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autoimmune Diseases , Immunoglobulin G , Sialadenitis , Sjogren's Syndrome , Submandibular Gland
12.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 433-437, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-712970

ABSTRACT

[Objective] To researchthe influence of endometrectomy and hysterectomy on the physiology and mentality of patients with refractory menorrhagia.[Method] This research selected 110 patients with refractory menorrhagia that accepted in our hospital from January,2015 to January,2017 as the object of study.Under the consent of patients,they were randomly divided into the endometrectomy group and hysterectomy group.Then the rate of Self-rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS),the recovery condition of colporrhagia and improvement of anemia of both groups were compared.[Result] Before treatment,the compare between both group's rate of SAS and SDS are not statistically significant (P>0.05),after treatment,the SAS and SDS rate of endometrectomy group are respectively (45.31±3.58) and (46.31±3.46),which are both significantly lower than the hysterectomy group (P<0.05);the endometrectomy group has a good rate of 94.55% on the recovery condition of colporrhagia,which is significantly higher than the hysterectomy group's 81.81% (P<0.05);before surgery,the compare of hemoglobin quantity between two group are not statistically significant (P>0.05);within 1,3 and 6 months after surgery,the hemoglobin level of endometrectomy group are significantly higher than the hysterectomy group (P<0.05).[Conclusion] Both endometrectomy and hysterectomy can effectively treat patients with refractory menorrhagia,but endometrectomy has less influence on patient's physiology and mentality,which can facilitate patient's recovery and could be widely applied on clinical treatment.

13.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 569-574, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779630

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to investigate the inhibitory effects of calpain inhibitors (ALLN and calpain inhibitor IV) on mammary epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of MCF-10A cells induced by fibronectin (FN). After FN treatment of MCF-10A cells for 48 h, cell migration and invasion were determined by scratch repair assay and matrigel coated transwell assay, respectively. Vimentin, E-cadherin, snail and calpain-2 protein expression were measured by Western blot. The results suggest that FN induced morphological changes in MCF-10A cells, significantly increased the migration and invasion abilities of MCF-10A cells, upregulated the expression of calpain-2, vimentin and snail, and downregulated the expression of E-cadherin. All such changes by FN were reversed with ALLN and calpain inhibitor IV. In conclusion, the upregulation of calpain-2 was involved in FN-induced EMT of MCF-10A mammary epithelial cells, which may be inhibited by ALLN and calpain inhibitor IV.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1191-1193, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641194

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the efficiency and complications of single lacrimal duct intubation versus annular lacrimal duct intubation with 5-fluorouracil and tobramycin/dexamethasone eye ointment injection in lacrimal duct obstruction treatment.METHODS:A total of 74 patients (92 eyes) with lacrimal duct obstruction who received surgical treatment by Department of Ophthalmology in Qinhuangdao Haigang Hospital were consecutively recruited between August 2015 and September 2016.They were randomly allocated to Group A or Group B.After probing of lacrimal passage, Group A (46 eyes) were treated by using single lacrimal duct intubation.Group B (46 eyes) were treated by using annular lacrimal duct intubation combined with 5-fluorouracil and tobramycin/dexamethasone eye ointment injection.Between the two groups, Mann-Whitney Rank sum test was used to comparing the operative effect, and Chi-square test was used to comparing the occurrence of complications.RESULTS:The cure rate was 61% in Group A and 89% in Group B;the improvement rate was 22% in Group A and 4% in Group B.Group B had better effect and less complications (2 cases) than Group A (8 cases),the differences between the two groups were significantly(P<0.05).CONCLUSION: Compared with single lacrimal duct intubation, annular lacrimal duct intubation combined with 5-fluorouracil and tobramycin/dexamethasone eye ointment injection has better operative effect and less complication in lacrimal duct obstruction treatment.

15.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1823-1829, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-641104

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the effects of amnion epithelial cell ( AEC) suspension liquid on the biological behavior of the rabbit's corneal epithelium, combined with the in vitro and in vivo experiments. · METHODS: The rabbit's corneal epithelium were cultured in the lower chamber of transwell, and AEC suspension liquid was dropwised in the upper chamber. There was only culture medium in the upper chamber of the control group. The proliferation of rabbit's corneal epithelium was observed with CCK-8 automated colorimetry and the expression of PCNA was detected by immunocytochemistry. We used the scratch wound assay to detect the migration of corneal epithelial cell ( CEC ) . The in vivo models were established by placing a 10mm diameter corneal trephine in the center of the cornea, within 1mol/L NaOH for 1min. We divided those into three groups: treatment group of AEC suspension liquid eye drop, AEC suspension liquid subconjunctival injection and the control group without any treatment. Using the slit- lamp biomicroscope and fluorescence staining to observe the cornea per week. After 28d we took the eyeballs with the HE staining. The expression of VEGF was detected by immunohistochemistry. ·RESULTS: The activity of CEC with AEC treatment was much higher than the control group ( P< 0. 05 ). The expression of PCNA increased in AEC group (P<0. 05). And the migration of CEC in the AEC group was faster than the control one. In vivo, the inflammation of the corneal and the CNV of the AEC group were all significantly reduced compared with the control group (P<0. 05 ). There were less invasive cells and more ordered organization arrangement in ACE group observed by the HE staining. The expression of VEGF and mcp-1 in these two AEC treatment groups all significantly decreased compared with the control group (P<0. 05). ·CONCLUSION: AEC suspension liquid can promote the proliferation and migration of the rabbit's corneal epithelium. The potential of AEC suspension liquid as a therapy for acute corneal alkali burn.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1973-1975, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-637954

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the operative effect and time effectiveness of the conventional surgery versus retrograde gas injection under nasal endoscope combined 5-Fluorouracil for lacrimal canalicular rupture. ●METHODS:A total of 67 patients (67 eyes) with lower lacrimal canalicular rupture who received surgical treatment by Department of Ophthalmology in Qinhuangdao Haigang Hospital were consecutively recruited between Jan. 2009 and Dec. 2015. They were randomly divided into Group A or Group B. Group A (33 patients, 33 eyes) were treated by conventional surgery, and Group B ( 34 patients, 34 eyes ) were treated by retrograde gas injection under nasal endoscope combined 5-Fluorouracil. Time for finding out the cute end of the lower lacrimal canaliculus and postoperative effect were recorded. Comparisons between the two groups were done with lndependent sample t-test and Mann-Whitney Rank sum test. ●RESULTS: Time for finding out the cute end of the lower lacrimal canaliculus of Group A was (44. 42±10. 66) min, and the time of Group B was ( 30. 06 ± 6. 21 ) min. There was significant difference between the two groups (t=6. 72, P ●CONCLUSION: Compared with conventional surgery, retrograde gas injection under nasal endoscope combined 5-Fluorouracil for lacrimal canalicular rupture can make the operation time shorter and has better effect.

17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 721-725, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261159

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in the expression levels of peripheral blood T helper 9 (Th9) cells and cytokine interleukin-9 (IL-9) in children in the acute stage of Kawasaki disease (KD) and their clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 45 children in the acute stage of KD who were treated from April 2014 to July 2015 were enrolled, and the children were followed up in the recovery stage. Another 45 healthy children who underwent physical examination were enrolled as the control group. Flow cytometry was used to measure the percentage of peripheral blood Th9 cells, and ELISA was used to measure the serum level of IL-9.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The children in the acute stage of KD showed a significantly higher percentage of Th9 cells and a significantly higher serum level of IL-9 compared with those in the recovery stage and the control group (P<0.05). The percentage of Th9 cells and serum level of IL-9 showed no significant differences between the children in the recovery stage and those in the control group (P>0.05). In the acute stage, the percentage of Th9 cells was positively correlated with the levels of IL-9, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), platelet count (PLT), and globulin (r=0.624, 0.324, 0.402, 0.382, 0.467, and 0.386 respectively, all P<0.05), but negatively correlated with serum albumin (r=-0.306, P<0.05). The serum level of IL-9 was positively correlated with the levels of CRP, PCT, ESR, PLT, and globulin (r=0.365, 0.456, 0.403, 0.423, and 0.453 respectively, all P<0.05), but negatively correlated with serum albumin (r=-0.343, P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The children in the acute stage of KD show significant increases in the percentage of peripheral Th9 cells and serum cytokine IL-9 level, which return to normal in the recovery stage. In the acute stage of KD, the expression levels of Th9 and IL-9 are closely correlated with laboratory markers. The results suggest that Th9 cells and IL-9 play important roles in the pathogenesis and outcome of KD.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acute Disease , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Interleukin-9 , Blood , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Allergy and Immunology , T-Lymphocytes, Helper-Inducer , Allergy and Immunology
18.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 474-479, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853737

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide evidence for the molecular identification of medicinal plants in Chaenomeles Lindl. Methods: Nineteen ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequence samples of five species in Chaenomeles Lindl. were PCR amplified and sequenced. The intra-specific and inter-specific K-2P distances were calculated, and cluster analysis was performed using Neighbor-joining (NJ) method by MEGA 6.0. Results: The original plant of Chaenomeles Lindl. could be identified by the sequence differences of the ITS2 and psbA-trnH sequences. Different samples of Chaenomeles Lindl. were gathered together and could be distinguished by NJ tree. There were significant differences among the ITS2 secondary structures in five species of Chaenomeles Lindl. Conclusion: ITS2 and psbA-trnH are efficient barcodes for the authentication of plants of Chaenomeles Lindl.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4229-4233, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279256

ABSTRACT

To explore the protective effect of Angelica sinensis polysaccharides(ASP) on subacute renal damages induced by D-galactose in mice and its mechanism. Male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into 3 groups, with 10 mice in each group. The D-galactose model group was subcutaneously injected with D-galactose (120 mg x kg(-1)), qd x 42; the ASP + D-galactose model group was intraperitoneally injected with ASP since the 8th day of the replication of the D-galactose model, qd x 35; and the normal control group was subcutaneously injected with saline at the same dose and time. On the 2nd day of after the injection, the peripheral blood was collected to measure the content of BUN, Crea, UA, Cys-C; paraffin sections were made to observe the renal histomorphology by HE staining; senescence-associated β-g-alactosidase (SA-β-Gal) stain was used to observe the relative optical density (ROD) in renal tissues; transmission electron microscopy was assayed to observe the renal ultrastructure; the renal tissue homogenate was prepared to measure the content of SOD, GSH-PX, MDA; the content of AGEs and 8-OH-dG were measured by ELISA. According to the result, compared with the D-galactose model group, the ASP + D-galactose model group showed obviously decreases in the content of BUN, Crea, UA, Cysc, AGES, 8-OH-dG, the number of hardening renal corpuscle, renal capsular space and renal tubular lumen, ROD of SA-β-Gal staining positive kidney cells, mesangial cells, basement membrane thickness, podocyte secondary processes fusion and MDA and increases in the number of normal renal corpuscle, ribosome and rough endoplasmic reticulum in podocytes, the activity of SOD and GSH-PX. In Conclusion, A. sinensis polysaccharides can antagonize kidney subacute damages induced by D-galactose in mice. Its protective mechanism may be correlated with the inhibition of the oxidative stress injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Angelica sinensis , Chemistry , Deoxyguanosine , Metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Galactose , Kidney , Wounds and Injuries , Kidney Diseases , Drug Therapy , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Polysaccharides , Protective Agents
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2168-2173, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-337965

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the inhibitory effects of OMT on TGF-β1-induced CFBs proliferation, and then explore the mechanism.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The experiment was randomly divided into 6 groups as following: control group (serum free DMEM), model group (20 μg x L(-1) TGF-β1), OMT low dose group (1.89 x 10(-4) mol x L(-1) + 20 μg x L(-1) TGF-β1), OMT medium dose group (3.78 x 10(-4) mol x L(-1) + 20 μg x L(-1) TGF-β1), OMT high dose group (7.56 x 10(-4) mol x L(-1) + 20 μg x L(-1) TGF-β1), SB203580 group (p38MAPK blocking agent, 1 x 10(-5) mol x L(-1) + 20 μg x L(-1) TGF-β1). Vimentin of CFBs was identified by immunocytochemical methods, α-SMA of myFBs as well. Inhibitory effects of OMT on CFBs proliferation was detected by the MTT assay. Picric acid Sirius red staining was analyzed collagen type I and collagen type III deposition. Western blot was determined the expression of p38MAPK, p-p38MAPK, collagen type I and collagen type III.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>MTT results showed that OMT significantly inhibited CFBs proliferation induced by TGF-β1 (P < 0.01) α-SMA immunocytochemical experiments suggested that OMT could protect against the CFBs proliferation. OMT could significantly decrease the deposition of collagen type I and collagen type III by Western bloting and picric acid Sirius red staining. Western blot results showed that TGF-β1 enhanced p38MAPK phosphorylation, however OMT attenuated the phosphorylation of p38MAPK induced by TGF-β1 (P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>OMT can inhibit the CFBs proliferation induced by TGF-β1, and its mechanism may be involved in inhibiting p38MAPK phosphorylation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rats , Alkaloids , Pharmacology , Cell Proliferation , Collagen , Metabolism , Down-Regulation , Fibroblasts , Heart , In Vitro Techniques , Phosphorylation , Quinolizines , Pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transforming Growth Factor beta1 , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
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