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1.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 150-156, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the impact of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) image quality and related factors on the diagnostic performance of CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR).Methods:Based on the CT-FFR CHINA trial, the prospective multicenter trial enrolled patients with suspected coronary artery disease who underwent CCTA, CT-FFR and FFR measurement. The subjective and objective assessments of CCTA image were performed on a per-vessel level. The objective assessments included the enhancement degree of coronary artery, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the aortic root. We used χ 2 test and DeLong test to compare the diagnostic performance of CT-FFR with FFR as the reference standard in different subjective groups (non-artifact vs. artifact), enhancement degree of coronary artery groups (≤400 vs. 401-500 vs.>500 HU), SNR of the aortic root groups (≤16.9 vs.>16.9), body mass index (BMI) groups (<25 kg/m 2 vs.≥25 kg/m 2) and heart rate groups (<75 bpm vs.≥75 bpm). FFR and CT-FFR values≤0.80 was identified as myocardial ischemia. Results:The study enrolled 317 patients with 366 vessels. All target vessels in CCTA images were successfully analyzed by CT-FFR. The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and AUC of the non-artifact group were 90.45%, 86.75%, 93.10%, 90.00%, 90.76% and 0.928, respectively, and those of the artifact group were 83.23%, 87.21%, 79.01%, 81.52%, 85.33% and 0.869, respectively. The differences in accuracy and specificity were statistically significant (χ 2=4.23, P=0.040; χ 2=8.55, P=0.003). The diagnostic efficacy of CT-FFR had no statistically significant differences among different objective groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:The artifact of CCTA image has an effect on CT-FFR in the diagnosis of myocardial ischemia. The degree of vascular enhancement, SNR, BMI, and heart rate have no significant effect on the diagnostic performance of CT-FFR.

2.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 1121-1126, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991484

ABSTRACT

Objective:In order to improve the staff's ability to deal with public health emergencies, a third-class hospital in Beijing has made efforts to improve the emergency response ability of all staff members to achieve zero infection, and to carry out vocational training and assessment of all staff.Methods:The instructional system design (ISD) model system is used to design the training course. The online learning, electronic examination paper assessment and on-site training of people in the hospital were analyzed by Excel and SPSS 22.0.Results:After training, the average scores of trainees increased from 84 points to 100 points, and the average answering time was shortened from 308 s to 179 s. There were differences in the assessment scores before and after training for personnel with different professional titles, and there were differences in the assessment scores before and after training for personnel between different departments.Conclusion:In case of public health emergency, it is necessary to train and assess the whole staff. The application of ISD model is helpful to make training plan quickly. The application of online learning assessment is the first effective way of emergency training.

3.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 222-225, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005126

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the effects of acute normovolemic hemodilution (ANH) combined with intraoperative recycled autotransfusion on blood transfusion volume and coagulation function in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery. 【Methods】 A total of 94 elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery in the hospital were enrolled and randomly divided into observation group (n=47) and control group (n=47) between March 2020 and March 2022. The observation group was given ANH combined with intraoperative recycled autotransfusion, while control group was given routine allogeneic transfusion. The blood transfusion volume, oxygenation status, immune function, inflammatory indexes and adverse reactions in the two groups were compared. 【Results】 The banked blood transfusion volume was less in observation group than control group [(1.73±0.43) U vs (5.71±1.71) U, P<0.05]. At 6 h after surgery, blood oxygen saturation (SvO2) level was higher [(74.59±7.20) % vs (67.22±6.19) %], while oxygen uptake rate (ERO2) level was lower[(0.29±0.06) % vs (0.34±0.05) %] in observation group than control group (P<0.05). At day 1 after surgery, levels of CD3+, CD4+, CD4+ /CD8+ and natural killer cells (NK) were higher [(65.11±5.14) %, (46.93±5.17) %, (1.86±0.30), (8.35±1.23) % vs (57.45±7.24) %, (43.58±4.85) %, (1.47±0.36)%, (7.34±1.38) %], while CD8+ was lower [(25.17±4.01) % vs (30.39±5.06) %] in observation group than control group (P<0.05). At day 1 after surgery, levels of serum interleukin 6/8 (IL-6/8) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) were lower in observation group than control group [(104.51±12.55) ng/L vs (125.81±14.96) ng/L, (351.42±52.86) ng/L vs (394.27±55.78) ng/L, (254.93±49.94) ng/L vs (323.60±52.63) ng/L, P<0.05]. The incidence of adverse reactions was lower in observation group than control group (4.26% vs 17.02%), P<0.05. 【Conclusion】 Recycled autotransfusion can reduce allogeneic transfusion volume in elderly patients undergoing cardiac surgery. There is no difference in the effects on blood routine or coagulation function between recycled autotransfusion and allogeneic transfusion. Compared with allogeneic transfusion, recycled autotransfusion can significantly improve oxygenation status, relieve immunosuppression and inflammation response, and reduce the risk of adverse reactions.

4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 130-136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004857

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effects of platelet activation pathways on the characterization of platelet-derived extracellular vesicles(PEVs). 【Methods】 Whole blood from healthy donors was prepared into platelet suspension by centrifugation. Platelets were randomly divided into six groups, the ctrl group added no extra stimulus, and the other five groups were treated with collagen, adenosine diphosphate(ADP), thrombin, Ca2+ ionophore and freeze-thaw cycles (F-T) to activate platelets. Platelet-derived exosomes(PEXOs) and microvesicles(PMVs) were isolated by differential centrifugations, and then were determined by nano-flow cytometry and electron microscopy. The protein markers of PEXOs also were identified by western-blot. The protein concentration and content of PEXOs were also detected. 【Results】 CD9, CD81, TSG101 proteins were detected in all of the PEXOs, which had no calnexin. Both PEXOs and PMVs had CD41; PEXOs were cup-holder-like bilayer membrane vesicles under a transmission electron microscope, while PMVs were irregular membranous structure; 85%-95% of PEXOs were<100nm, 87%-94% of PMVs were 100-300nm. The concentration of exosomes and microvesicles in the F-T group was the highest(205.67±65.27 and 102.73±15.48), followed by the Ca2+ ionophore group(44.42±17.07 and 11.4±4.81). Although in the same size range, the numbers of PEVs induced by different activation conditions varied. The protein concentration of PEXOs in the F-T group(1.11±0.51) was higher than that in the control group(0.32±0.39), ADP group(0.41±0.31) and thrombin group(0.38±0.37), while the total protein(125.40±58.32) was higher than that in other three groups(the ctrl group 25.53±25.96 vs ADP group 37.21±15.73 vs thrombin group 36.28±24.18 vs Ca2+ ionophore group 47.09±23.29). 【Conclusion】 The biological characteristics of PEVs are affected by platelets activation pathways, whose ability to induce protein-packing into exosomes may also be relevant to the particle size. The freeze-thaw cycles can induce high concentrations of extracellular vesicles, which may be an ideal method for the preparation of PEVs.

5.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996420

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the correlation between the prevalence of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and fall incidence among the elderly in urban and rural areas in Chongqing, and to provide evidence for targeted intervention. Methods In 2019, a questionnaire survey was conducted among the elderly aged 65 and over in four districts and counties using multistage stratified cluster random sampling. The difference of NCDs prevalence and fall incidence was compared by Chi-square test. The correlation between NCDs and fall incidence was analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. Results A total of 806 and 801 elderly people aged 65 and above in urban and rural areas,respectively, were investigated The fall incidence among the elderly in rural areas (12.98%) was higher than that in urban areas (7.94%) (χ2=10.916, P=0.001). The multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that the prevalence of heart disease (OR=2.988, 95%CI:1.544-5.785), osteoporosis (OR=2.696, 95%CI:1.527-4.760) and vestibular dysfunction or deafness (OR=3.180, 95%CI:1.142-8.861) was associated with fall incidence among urban elderly people. Factors including need for care (OR=2.315,95%CI:1.130-4.744), diabetes (OR=3.067,95%CI:1.634-5.756), osteoporosis (OR=1.972, 95%CI:1.210-3.214), and arthritis (OR=2.975, 95%CI:1.901-4.657) were associated with fall incidence among rural elderly people. Conclusion The fall incidence among the elderly in rural areas is higher than that in urban areas in Chongqing. The prevalence of NCD is high among the elderly. Timely treatment of NCDs should be provided to reduce fall incidence among the elderly.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 540-545, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996343

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To analyze the safety and effectiveness of minimally invasive small incision through the right third intercostal and standard aortic valve replacement. Methods    The clinical data of 123 patients with the first simple aortic valve replacement in our hospital from June 2013 to May 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients receiving aortic valve replacement through the right third intercostal small incision were allocated to a minimally invasive group, and patients receiving aortic valve replacement through the median sternal incision were allocated to a common group. The clinical outcomes of the two groups were compared. Results    There were 40 patients in the minimally invasive group, including 11 (27.5%) females and 29 (72.5%) males, aged 54.60±9.98 years with the body mass index (BMI) of 23.16±2.48 kg/m2. There were 83 patients in the common group, including 27 (32.5%) females, 56 (67.5%) males, aged 58.77±9.71 years, with the BMI of 24.13±3.13 kg/m2. Compared with the common group, the aortic cross-clamping time, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and operation time were longer (P<0.05), the ventilator support time was shorter (P<0.05), and the blood loss, postoperative 24 h chest drainage volume and total expense were less (P<0.05) in the minimally invasive group. The ICU stay, postoperative hospital stay, and total hospital stay were not statistically different between the two groups (P>0.05). Conclusion    The aortic valve replacement through the right third intercostal small incision is safe and effective, with less blood loss, 24 h chest drainage volume and invasiveness.  

7.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 34-39, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996125

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the immediate effect of small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation in improving the correction of braces for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Methods: A total of 50 cases of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis were selected and given brace correction first. The whole spine anteroposterior and lateral radiographs were taken, the Cobb angle was measured, and the visual analog scale (VAS) score of pain caused by brace wearing was recorded. After removal of the brace, small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation was performed once. After treatment, the same brace was put on again to take a whole spine anteroposterior radiograph, the Cobb angle was measured, and the VAS score was recorded. The changes in Cobb angle and VAS score after manipulation were compared, and the immediate efficacy was evaluated. Results: After the manipulation, the Cobb angle was significantly smaller than that before treatment (P<0.01) and the VAS score was significantly lower than that before treatment (P<0.01). Conclusion: Small-angle Tui-Pushing and An-Pressing anti-rotation bone-setting manipulation can improve the immediate efficacy of brace in treating adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and relieve the pain caused by brace wearing at the same time.

8.
Chinese Journal of Geriatrics ; (12): 760-765, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the clinical characteristics of elderly acute pulmonary thromboembolism(APE)patients complicated with preexisting atrial fibrillation(AF)and the impact of preexisting AF on in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on elderly APE patients with preexisting AF hospitalized in Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University between January 1, 2008 and December 31, 2021.We compared the comorbidities, symptoms, signs, laboratory test results and echocardiographic features, simplified pulmonary embolism severity index(sPESI)scores and adverse in-hospital outcomes between the preexisting AF group and the non-AF group.Logistic regression was used to analyze the risk factors of in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.Results:A total of 240 patients diagnosed with APE were enrolled.There were 120 patients in the AF group and 120 patients in the non-AF group.For patients in the AF group and the non-AF group, the proportions with chronic heart failure were 38.3%(46/120)and 15.8%(19/120), the proportions with lower extremity deep vein thrombosis(DVT)were 36.7%(44/120)and 65.8%(79/120), the left ventricular ejection fractions(LVEF)were(59±10)% and(62±7)%, and hospital stays were(15±7)and(11±4)days, respectively, and the differences were statistically significant( χ2=15.381, 20.429, t=2.527, -4.710, all P<0.05). The incidences of in-hospital adverse outcomes in the AF group and the non-AF group were 4.2%(5/120)and 3.3%(4/120), respectively, with no significant difference( χ2=0.000, P=1.000). The overall incidence of in-hospital adverse outcomes was 3.8%(9/240). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated lactic acid was an independent risk factor for in-hospital adverse outcomes( OR=2.753, 95% CI: 1.367-5.542, P=0.005). However, AF( OR=2.880, 95% CI: 0.587-14.141, P=0.192)and sPESI score( OR=2.056, 95% CI: 0.904-4.673, P=0.086)were not associated with in-hospital adverse outcomes. Conclusions:Elderly APE patients with preexisting AF have a relatively low incidence of DVT, but a higher proportion have concurrent chronic heart failure and need a longer hospital stay.Elevated lactic acid is an independent risk factor for in-hospital adverse outcomes of elderly APE patients with preexisting AF.However, preexisting AF has no predictive value for in-hospital adverse outcomes in elderly patients with APE.

9.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 62-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964650

ABSTRACT

Background Climbing pylons during high-voltage cable maintenance is not only a labor-intensive task, but also a challenge bringing about heat stress and mental pressure from working at height, which may lead to accumulation of muscle fatigue and work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Objective To record the local muscle fatigue during a simulated climbing task by high-voltage cable electricians based on surface electromyography (sEMG) signals, explore the characteristic changes in sEMG signals and their relationship with subjective fatigue evaluation of the task, and provide data support for developing task specific objective assessment tools for local muscle fatigue and prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders. Methods Ten male college students were recruited to conduct a test of a simulated pylon climbing task. The climbing distance was 60 m, and a task segment was set for every 20 m (about 100 s), recorded as T1, T2, and T3, respectively. After completing each task segment, the subjects were required to rate their subjective fatigue using the Borg's RPE Scale. Fatigue was defined by rating of perceived exertion (RPE) score ≥ 14 in this study. The sEMG signals of trapezius, erector spinae, rectus femoris, and gastrocnemius muscles were recorded wirelessly. The standardized maximal voluntary electrical activation (MVE) obtained by standardizing the root mean square (RMS) of the time domain index and the median frequency (MF) of the frequency domain index were estimated for the recorded sEMG signals, and joint amplitude and spectrum analysis (JASA) was used to evaluate local muscle fatigue of target muscles involving in the climbing task. Results The RPE scores of T1, T2, and T3 were 11.9, 15.3, and 17.4, respectively. Subjective fatigue was found in T2 and T3 but not in T1. With the extension of climbing time, the MVE values of left and right erector spinae muscles, left and right rectus femoris, and right gastrocnemius muscle increased gradually, while the MVE values of left and right trapezius muscles and left gastrocnemius muscle increased first and then decreased. The MF values of left and right rectus femoris increased at first, then remained unchanged, while the MF values of the other muscles remained basically unchanged. In T1, three muscles, including left trapezius muscle and both side of erector spinae muscles, showed fatigue; in T2, five muscles, including both sides of erector spina muscles, right trapezius muscle, and both sides of gastrocnemius muscle appeared fatigue; in T3 , except for left rectus femoris, the other seven muscles were fatigue. Conclusion The characteristic changes of electromyography signals in the simulated climbing task are not completely consistent with the typical amplitude increase and left shift of the frequency spectrum of sEMG signals in static tasks, indicating that the application of time-domain and frequency-domain analysis methods in the evaluation of muscle fatigue in climbing tasks needs further discussion. Trapezius muscles and erector spinae muscles are the first to show fatigue in the simulation, and may be the sensitive muscle groups of muscle fatigue associated with climbing movement. Compared with subjective evaluation, surface electromyography is more sensitive in the assessment of body fatigue. Fatigue is reported about 100 s of climbing (the climbing length is about 20 m).

10.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 55-61, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964649

ABSTRACT

Background Long working hours is harmful to the physical and mental health of occupational groups, and should receive active attention. Objective To evaluate the current status of long working hours among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and explore its effects on work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of the population. Methods From March to June 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 1433 operation and maintenance workers from 10 power supply enterprises in Jilin Province, Shandong Province, and Tianjin Municipality using cluster sampling. A total of 1433 copies of revised Mus-culoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire were distributed, 1343 questionnaires were recovered, and the recovery rate was 93.72%. The questionnaire included general information, personal health behaviors, weekly working hours, work-related factors, and musculoskeletal pain or discomfort in nine body parts in the past 12 months. χ2 test and multiple logistic regression models were used to investigate the relationships between long working hours (>40 h per week) and WMSDs. Results The average age of the workers was (39.42±9.89) years, and the average work experience was 11.00 (5.00, 21.00) years. There were 1158 males (86.22%) and 185 females (13.78%). The average weekly working hours of the workers were (47.98±11.35) h, and the proportion of long working hours (>40 h per week) was 61.06% (820/1343). The proportions of long working hours were higher among the workers with characteristics of male, power distribution, shift work, often/very often long-time standing, often/very often holding awkward postures, often handling heavy objects, limited space to operate, long-time neck tilting backward, keeping arms above shoulders, frequent elbow bending, repeating knee movement every minute, and repeating lower limb or foot movement every minute (all P<0.05). The prevalence rate of WMSDs was 81.53% (1095/1343) among the workers. The results of multiple logistic regression showed that after adjusting education, smoking, exercise, awkward postures, often handling heavy objects, limited space to operate, long-time heavy trunk bending, long-time neck tilting backward, and keeping arms above shoulders, compared with working ≤40 h per week, the risk of WMSDs among workers working >49 h per week was higher (OR=1.406, 95%CI: 1.011-1.955). Conclusion Long working hours is prominent among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and increases the risk of reporting WMSDs.

11.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 34-42, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964646

ABSTRACT

Background Power grid is a basic industry of national economy. The occupational health problems among operation and maintenance workers in this industry have become increasingly prominent in recent years, and they should receive enough attention. Objective To estimate the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) of neck and shoulder among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises, and analyze related influencing factors. Methods From March to June 2021, a total of 1433 operation and maintenance worker from 10 power supply enterprises in three provinces of North China were selected as research subjects using cluster sampling method. A revised Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was used to investigate the prevalence and ergonomic factors of neck and shoulder pain in the past year. χ2 test and logistic regression model were used to explore influencing factors of neck and shoulder pain among operation and maintenance workers. Results A total of 1343 valid questionnaires were recovered and the effective recovery rate was 93.72%. The neck pain prevalence was 66.0% (886 cases) and the shoulder pain prevalence was 54.1% (727 cases). The multiple logistic regression analysis results showed that often/very often long-time sitting (OR=1.864, 95%CI: 1.236-2.811; OR=1.659, 95%CI: 1.091-2.524), sometimes holding awkward postures (OR=1.695, 95%CI: 1.294-2.219; OR=1.596, 95%CI: 1.218-2.092), often/very often holding awkward postures (OR=2.416, 95%CI: 1.618-3.607; OR=2.058, 95%CI: 1.405-3.015), long-time slight neck tilting forward (OR=1.327, 95%CI: 1.023-1.722; OR=1.571, 95%CI: 1.221-2.022), long-time elbows bending (OR=1.327, 95%CI: 1.023-1.722; OR=1.506, 95%CI: 1.112-2.040) and department or team staff shortages (OR=1.578, 95%CI: 1.153-2.161; OR=1.831, 95%CI: 1.320-2.539) were associated with higher neck and shoulder pain prevalence rates. While exercise (OR=0.630, 95%CI: 0.492-0.809; OR=0.707, 95%CI: 0.557-0.899) was associated with lower neck and shoulder pain prevalence rates. Doing same work every day (OR=1.704, 95%CI: 1.305-2.225) was associated with a higher neck pain prevalence rate. Awkward postures with ineffectual force (OR=1.808, 95%CI: 1.226-2.665) and often keeping arms above shoulders (OR=1.424, 95%CI: 1.017-1.992) were associated with a higher shoulder pain prevalence rate. Conclusion The prevalence rates of neck and shoulder pian are high among operation and maintenance workers of power supply enterprises in selected three provinces of North China, and the main associated factors include individual factors, awkward work postures, and labor organization.

12.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 21-26, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964644

ABSTRACT

Background Operation and maintenance work in the power grid industry often involving climbing, manual handling, and poor postures causing serious problems like work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs). The influencing factors of WMSDs are not very clear, but the problem has been widely concerned in this industry. Objective To understand the prevalence and influencing factors of WMSDs among climbing task-involved workers in power supply enterprises. Methods Using a cross-sectional design, a total of 702 workers involving climbing task from 10 power supply enterprises in Jilin Province, Tianjin Municipality, and Shandong province were selected as study subjects using cluster sampling. The Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire which was revised by Lei Yang was used to estimate the prevalence and identify related factors of WMSDs. \begin{document}$ {\chi

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1524-1528, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976282

ABSTRACT

The injury of vascular endothelial cells is not only the initial condition to promote the occurrence of early atherosclerosis (AS) plaques, but also an important link in the pathogenesis of AS. The microRNA (miRNA), as an important medium of intercellular communication and gene regulatory factor, can affect vascular endothelial function and participate in the development of AS. The molecular mechanism of miRNA’s multi-target intervention in vascular endothelial cell injury has become a hot topic in the research of cardiovascular diseases. Monomers of traditional Chinese medicines such as ginsenoside Rb2 and paeonol, as well as traditional Chinese medicine for resolving phlegm and removing blood stasis could regulate miRNA to improve endothelial cell inflammation; astragaloside Ⅳ, dihydromyricetin and notoginsenoside could target miRNA and inhibit vascular endothelial oxidative stress; Danhong injection, Jianpi qutan and huayu prescription and paeonol could affect endothelial autophagy through miRNA; resveratrol, Bushen huoxue formula and Bushen tongmai formula could inhibit vascular endothelial aging by miRNA; dendrobine played an active role in regulating miRNA and improving endoplasmic reticulum stress. In the future, more in- depth research is needed on the effectiveness, mechanism of action, diagnosis and treatment plans, and safety of targeted regulation of miRNA for AS therapy by traditional Chinese medicine.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1024-1028, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973798

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the advantages of capsulorhexis-chop forceps assisted prechop(CCFP)technique in hard cataract phacoemulsification.METHODS: Prospective study. A total of 100 cases(100 eyes)with age-related grade IV hard cataract were included and randomly divided into 2 groups according to random number table, with 50 patients(50 eyes)in CCFP technique group(group A)and 50 cases(50 eyes)in stop-and-chop technique group(group B). The corneal endothelial cell count before and after operation, intraoperative US time, postoperative corneal endothelial cell loss rate, corneal edema grade at 1 and 7d and best corrected visual acuity(BCVA)were compared and statistically analyzed.RESULTS: The mean US time of group A was lower than that of group B [26.66(16, 40)s vs. 36.12(23, 46)s; Z=-5.56, P&#x003C;0.01]. The mean corneal endothelial cell count in group A was higher than that in group B at 3mo after operation(2308.12±368.18cell/mm2 vs. 2104.06±379.87cell/mm2; t=2.728, P=0.008), and the loss rate of corneal endothelial cells in group A was lower than that in group B at 3mo after operation [10%(8%, 12%)vs. 17%(14%, 20%); Z=13.231, P&#x003C;0.01]. The number of eyes with corneal edema of grade 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 on 1d after surgery was 0, 23, 21, 6 and 0 in group A, respectively, while it was 0, 9, 26, 15 and 0 respectively in group B. Corneal edema in group A was less than that in group B(Z=10.514, P=0.005). The BCVA of group A was better than that of group B at 1d after operation, and there was significant difference in the number of eyes with different BCVA grades between the two groups(Z=7.176, P=0.029). There was no significant difference in the number of eyes with different grades of BCVA between the two groups at 3mo after surgery(Z=2.377, P=0.372).CONCLUSION: Compared with the stop-and-chop technique, CCFP technique uses less ultrasonic energy, has less damage to corneal endothelial cells and is suitable for hard cataract surgery.

15.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 78-82, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959052

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the current situation and risk factors of falls in the rural community elderly aged 65 years and above in Chongqing City, and to provide references for developing preventive measures. Methods The multistage cluster random sampling method was used to select several rural communities in Chongqing City from September to December, 2019, and then the elderly aged 65 years and above who lived in the communities for one year were chosen to serve as the surveyed subjects. A self designed questionnaire (sociodemographic factors, exercise status, illness and medication status and fall to related information) was used to collect the data regarding falls occurring in the last year. The chi-square test and multi factor multi-variant logistic regression analysis were utilized to analyze the data, the used software was SPSS 25.0. Results A total of 801 rural community elderly people in Chongqing City were surveyed.The average age was (71.64±5.85) years old. 7.12% of elderly need cane or walker. 6.87% of them self-reported their health was poor. 42.57% of elderly seldom have the habit of exercise. The prevalence of heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis, arthritis, cataract, deafness self-reported was 8.99%、8.11%、17.48%、25.97%、13.73% and 6.24% respectively. Totally 104 elderly people experienced 128 falls in the past 12 months, and the incidence rates of falls and falling times were 12.84% and 15.98% respectively.The multi-variant logistic regression analysis showed that poor heath status self-reported(OR=4.04,95% , CI:1.71-9.52), diabetes (OR=2.68,95% CI: 1.41-5.12), osteoporosis (OR=1.91 , 95% CI:1.16-3.15), arthritis (OR=2.60 , 95% CI:1.65-4.11) and non self-care(OR=2.44,95% CI:1.16-5.16) were the risk factors for falls in the rural community elderly. Conclusions The incidence rate of falls in the rural community elderly aged 65 years and above in Chongqing City was low.It is necessary to formulate comprehensive intervention measures for the risk factors of fall so as to reduce the incidence rate of falls in the elderly.

16.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 527-532, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985903

ABSTRACT

Objective: To describe the gene mutation profile of newly diagnosed pediatric B-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and analyze its effect on minimal residual disease (MRD). Methods: A total of 506 newly diagnosed B-ALL children treated in Institute of Hematology & Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from September 2018 to July 2021 were enrolled in this retrospective cohort study. The enrolled children were divided into MRD ≥1.00% group and <1.00% group according to MRD results on the 19th day since chemotherapy, and MRD ≥0.01% group and <0.01% group according to MRD results on the 46th day. Clinical characteristics and gene mutations of two groups were compared. Comparisons between groups were performed with chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. Independent risk factors of MRD results on the 19th day and the 46th day were analyzed by Logistic regression model. Results: Among all 506 patients, there were 318 males and 188 females. On the 19th day, there were 114 patients in the MRD ≥1.00% group and 392 patients in the MRD <1.00% group. On the 46th day, there were 76 patients in the MRD ≥0.01% group and 430 patients in the MRD <0.01% group. A total of 187 gene mutations were detected in 487 (96.2%) of 506 children. The most common gene mutations were signal transduction-related KRAS gene mutations in 111 cases (22.8%) and NRAS gene mutations in 99 cases (20.3%). Multivariate analysis showed that PTPN11 (OR=1.92, 95%CI 1.00-3.63), KMT2A (OR=3.51, 95%CI 1.07-11.50) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.48, 95%CI 0.27-0.87), BCR-ABL1 (OR=0.27, 95%CI 0.08-0.92) fusion genes and age >10 years (OR=1.91, 95%CI 1.12-3.24) were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥1.00% on the 19th day. BCORL1 (OR=2.96, 95%CI 1.18-7.44), JAK2 (OR=2.99, 95%CI 1.07-8.42) and JAK3 (OR=4.83, 95%CI 1.50-15.60) gene mutations and TEL-AML1 (OR=0.43, 95%CI 0.21-0.87) fusion gene were independent influencing factors for MRD ≥0.01% on the 46th day. Conclusions: Children with B-ALL are prone to genetic mutations, with abnormalities in the RAS signaling pathway being the most common. Signal transduction related PTPN11, JAK2 and JAK3 gene mutations, epigenetic related KMT2A gene mutation and transcription factor related BCORL1 gene mutation are independent risk factors for MRD.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Male , Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Genomics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 460-465, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985701

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological changes of early gastric cancer, especially its background mucosa, after the eradication of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori), and to investigate the causes of underdiagnosis in preoperative biopsy pathology. Methods: Ninety cases of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication and 120 cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) specimens without H. pylori eradication and their corresponding biopsy specimens were collected from Beijing Friendship Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University during 2016-2021. The clinicopathological data of the patients were analyzed, and the histopathological characteristics and immunophenotypic results compared. Results: Compared with the early gastric cancer without H. pylori eradication history, the histopathological type of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication was differentiated adenocarcinoma, with staggered distribution of cancerous and non-cancerous epithelium in the tumor area. The morphologic characteristics of gastric mucosa in the background of early gastric cancer after H. pylori eradication, were distinctive, including widening of the opening of enterosylated glandular ducts, serrated change of luminal margin, eosinophilic and microvesicular cytoplasm of enterosylated epithelium. Low-grade atypia existed in gastric cancer epithelial cells after sterilization, which might lead to underdiagnosis or missed diagnosis in biopsy pathology. Conclusions: Early gastric cancer and its background mucosa after H. pylori eradication have unique morphological characteristics, which can be used as a clue for pathological diagnosis, improve the accuracy of biopsy pathology and reduce the underdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Helicobacter pylori , Helicobacter Infections/drug therapy , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Gastric Mucosa/pathology , Biopsy
18.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 152-157, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971026

ABSTRACT

Chromodomain-helicase-DNA-binding protein 1 (CHD1) deletion is among the most common mutations in prostate cancer (PCa), but its role remains unclear. In this study, RNA sequencing was conducted in PCa cells after clustered regularly interspaced palindromic repeat (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9)-based CHD1 knockout. Gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated upregulation of hypoxia-related pathways. A subsequent study confirmed that CHD1 deletion significantly upregulated hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) expression. Mechanistic investigation revealed that CHD1 deletion upregulated HIF1α by transcriptionally downregulating prolyl hydroxylase domain protein 2 (PHD2), a prolyl hydroxylase catalyzing the hydroxylation of HIF1α and thus promoting its degradation by the E3 ligase von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL). Functional analysis showed that CHD1 deletion promoted angiogenesis and glycolysis, possibly through HIF1α target genes. Taken together, these findings indicate that CHD1 deletion enhances HIF1α expression through PHD2 downregulation and therefore promotes angiogenesis and metabolic reprogramming in PCa.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/metabolism , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Prolyl Hydroxylases/metabolism , Hypoxia , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Glycolysis , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , DNA Helicases/metabolism
19.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 264-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969623

ABSTRACT

Osteoporosis (OP) and osteoarthritis (OA) are common bone diseases in clinic. OP is a systemic skeletal disease, and OA is a chronic degenerative joint disease with high prevalence and disability rates. With the advent of the aging population, the incidence rate of OA and OP is increasing year by year, and they have become common diseases of the elderly. The quality of life and physical and mental health of patients are severely affected by the above two bone diseases. Chinese medicine has a long history of treating bone diseases, with a good clinical effect on preventing and treating OP, OA, and other bone diseases with few side effects. It is one of the commonly used methods to treat bone diseases. Polysaccharides, as one of the active substances of Chinese medicine, have various pharmacological activities and a wide range of sources with low toxicity, and their effect cannot be ignored. The role of polysaccharides in the treatment of bone diseases has been deeply studied. It has been found that the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in treating OP and OA involves multiple levels, targets, and pathways. Through the analysis and summary of the relevant literature on the mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in treating OP and OA, it was found that Chinese medicine polysaccharides mainly treated OP by regulating the bone dynamic balance between osteoblasts and osteoclasts and affecting bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells and bone microstructure. The mechanism of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the treatment of OA is related to the regulation of chondrocyte growth, the increase in the proteoglycan and collagen content in the cartilage matrix, and the reduction of oxygen free radical content and inflammatory mediator level. This study aimed to further explore the internal relationship among mechanisms of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the treatment of bone diseases, to provide relevant ideas for the study of Chinese medicine polysaccharides in the treatment of bone diseases.

20.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 183-186, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981922

ABSTRACT

For the treatment of an intertrochanteric fracture combined with femoral head necrosis in middle-age patients, it has been controversial whether to perform fracture reduction and fixation first then total hip replacement, or direct total hip replacement. We present a rare case of 53-year-old male patient suffered from bilateral intertrochanteric fracture caused by a road traffic injury. The patient had a history of femoral head necrosis for eight years, and the Harris score was 30. We performed total hip replacement with prolonged biologic shank prostheses for primary repair. One year after the surgery, nearly full range of motion was achieved without instability (active flexion angle of 110°, extension angle of 20°, adduction angle of 40°, abduction angle of 40°, internal rotation angle of 25°, and external rotation angle of 40°). The Harris score was 85. For the middle-aged patient with unstable intertrochanteric fractures and osteonecrosis of the femoral head, we can choose primary repair for concurrent bilateral intertrochanteric fracture and femoral head necrosis with prolonged shank biologic total hip replacement.


Subject(s)
Male , Middle Aged , Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Femur Head/surgery , Femur Head Necrosis/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Hip Fractures/surgery , Biological Products , Treatment Outcome , Retrospective Studies
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