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1.
Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery ; (12): 9-14, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the early effectiveness of local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) with compound betamethasone in total knee arthroplasty (TKA).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 102 patients with knee osteoarthritis who were treated by TKA and met the selection criteria between May 2022 and March 2023 were retrospectively analyzed. They were divided into control group and study group according to whether LIA preparation was added with compound betamethasone, with 51 cases in each group. There was no significant difference of baseline data, such as age, gender, body mass index, operative side, preoperative range of motion (ROM), Knee Society Score (KSS), white blood cell (WBC), and hematocrit between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative total blood loss and hidden blood loss were recorded, and WBC was recorded on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation. Pain was assessed by visual analogue scale (VAS) score on the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after operation and morphine intake milligrames equivalent within 48 hours after operation. Passive ROM, maximum extension and flexion angles of knee joint were measured on the 3rd day after operation; the early postoperative complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in total blood loss and hidden blood loss between the two groups ( P>0.05). The postoperative pain levels in both groups were relatively mild, and there was no significant difference in VAS scores in the first 3 days after operation and in morphine intake milligrams equivalent within 48 hours after operation between the two groups ( P>0.05). The WBC in the first 3 days after operation was significantly improved in both groups ( P<0.05). The WBC in the study group was significantly higher than that in the control group on the 1st and 2nd days after operation ( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between the two groups on the 3rd day after operation ( P>0.05). On the 3rd day after operation, the maximum extension angle of knee joint in the study group was smaller than that in the control group, while the maximum flexion angle and passive ROM of knee joint in the study group were larger than those in the control group, and the differences were significant ( P<0.05). There were 6 cases of fever and 17 cases of deep venous thrombosis in the control group, and 1 case and 14 cases in the study group, respectively. There was no poor wound healing and periprosthetic joint infection in the two groups, and there was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between the two groups ( P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The application of compound betamethasone in LIA during TKA is a safe and optimal strategy to promote the early postoperative rehabilitation of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Anesthesia, Local , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Knee Joint/surgery , Osteoarthritis, Knee/surgery , Blood Loss, Surgical , Morphine
2.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 1-1, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010113

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There are few multi-city studies on the association between temperature and mortality in basin climates. This study was based on the Sichuan Basin in southwest China to assess the association of basin temperature with non-accidental mortality in the population and with the temperature-related mortality burden.@*METHODS@#Daily mortality data, meteorological and air pollution data were collected for four cities in the Sichuan Basin of southwest China. We used a two-stage time-series analysis to quantify the association between temperature and non-accidental mortality in each city, and a multivariate meta-analysis was performed to obtain the overall cumulative risk. The attributable fractions (AFs) were calculated to access the mortality burden attributable to non-optimal temperature. Additionally, we performed a stratified analyses by gender, age group, education level, and marital status.@*RESULTS@#A total of 751,930 non-accidental deaths were collected in our study. Overall, 10.16% of non-accidental deaths could be attributed to non-optimal temperatures. A majority of temperature-related non-accidental deaths were caused by low temperature, accounting for 9.10% (95% eCI: 5.50%, 12.19%), and heat effects accounted for only 1.06% (95% eCI: 0.76%, 1.33%). The mortality burden attributable to non-optimal temperatures was higher among those under 65 years old, females, those with a low education level, and those with an alternative marriage status.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our study suggested that a significant association between non-optimal temperature and non-accidental mortality. Those under 65 years old, females, and those with a low educational level or alternative marriage status had the highest attributable burden.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Male , China/epidemiology , Cities , Cold Temperature , Hot Temperature , Mortality , Temperature , Time Factors
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 432-438, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016641

ABSTRACT

This study constructed a LHCGR-CRE-luc-HEK293 transgenic cell line according to the activation of the cAMP signaling pathway after recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin binding to the receptor. The biological activity of recombinant human chorionic gonadotropin was assayed using a luciferase assay system. The relative potency of the samples was calculated using four-parameter model. And the method conditions were optimized to validate the specificity, relative accuracy, precision and linearity of the method. The results showed that there was a quantitative potency relationship of human chorinonic gonadotropin (hCG) in the method and it was in accordance with the four-parameter curve. After optimization, the conditions were determined as hCG dilution concentration of 2.5 μg·mL-1, dilution ratio of 1∶4, cell number of 10 000-15 000 cells/well, and induction time of 6 h. The method had good specificity, relative accuracy with relative bias ranging from -8.9% to 3.4%, linear regression equation correlation coefficient of 0.996, intermediate precision geometric coefficient of variation ranging from 3.3% to 15.0%, and linearity range of 50% to 200%. This study successfully established and validated a reporter gene method to detect hCG biological activity, which can be used for hCG biological activity assay and quality control.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 490-498, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013641

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effects of Lycium berry seed oil on Nrf2/ARE pathway and oxidative damage in testis of subacute aging rats. Methods Fifty out of 60 male SD rats, aged 8 weeks, were subcutaneously injected with 125 mg • kg"D-galactosidase in the neck for 8 weeks to establish a subacute senescent rat model. The presence of senescent cells was observed using P-galactosidase ((3-gal), while testicular morphology was examined using HE staining. Serum levels of testosterone (testosterone, T), follicle-stimulating hormone ( follicle stimulating hormone, FSH ) , luteinizing hormone ( luteinizing hormone, LH ) , superoxide dis-mutase ( superoxide dismutase, SOD ) , glutathione ( glutathione, GSH) and malondialdehyde ( malondial-dehyde, MDA) were measured through ELISA, and the expressions of factors related to aging, oxidative damage, and the Nrf2/ARE pathway were assessed via immunohistochemical analysis and Western blotting. Results After successfully identifying the model, the morphology of the testis was improved and the intervention of Lycium seed oil led to a down-regulation in the expression of [3-gal and -yH2AX. The serum levels of SOD, GSH, T, and FSH increased while MDA and LH decreased (P 0. 05) . Additionally, there was an up-regulated expression of Nrf2, GCLC, NQOl, and SOD2 proteins in testicular tissue ( P 0. 05 ) and nuclear expression of Nrf2 in sertoli cells. Conclusion Lycium barbarum seed oil may reduce oxidative damage in testes of subacute senescent rats by activating the Nrf2/ARE signaling pathway.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 242-278, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013631

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of oxaliplatin combined with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor AG1478 on autophagy in non-small cell lung cancer H1975 cells. Methods H1975 cells were cultured in vitro using gradient concentrations of AG1478 (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30, 35, 40 jjimol • IT

6.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 171-180, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013608

ABSTRACT

Aim In this study, a mouse model of psoriasis-like lesions induced by 62. 5 mg imiquimod was used to explore the effect and mechanism of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae combination for the topical treatment of psoriasis. Methods Firstly, the topical administration of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae combination for treating psoriasis in progressive and recurrent stages was evaluated by psoriatic mouse model and HE staining. Secondly, immunohistochemistry was used to study the regulatory effects of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae combination on the pivotal pathological mechanism of psoriasis-the positive feedback loop between the abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes and skin immune microenvironment. Finally, metabolomics technology was used to explore whether Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae combination topically treat psoriasis by regulating inflammation-related metabolism and lipid metabolism pathways. Results The combination of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae alleviated psoriasis-like lesions in mice. It effectively relieved the recurrence after the cure of psoriatic lesions in mice, and the efficacy is comparable to that of benweimod. The combination of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae inhibited the proliferation of mouse epidermal keratinocytes and reduced the number of T cells in the skin. The potential molecular mechanism was that the combination of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae regulated arachidonic acid metabolism, sphin- golipid metabolism, tryptophan metabolism and phenylalanine metabolism. Conclusions The combination of Sophora Flavescens Radix and Rhizoma Smilacis Glabrae can relieve psoriasis-like lesions in mice by inhibiting the proliferation of epidermal keratinocytes and reducing the number of T cells in the skin and regulating metabolism to intervene psoriasis recurrence. This study provides a potential topical drug of psoriasis for relieving psoriasis recurrence.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 568-572, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013138

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the difference in the level of biliary calprotectin between patients with cholangiocarcinoma and those with choledocholithiasis. MethodsClinical data and bile samples were collected from 34 patients with cholangiocarcinoma and 78 patients with choledocholithiasis who were diagnosed and treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in The First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from May 2021 to September 2022. Fluorescence lateral flow immunoassay was used to measure the levels of calprotectin, hemoglobin, and lactoferrin in bile. The Mann-Whitney U test was used for comparison of continuous data between two groups, and the chi-square test was used for comparison of categorical data between two groups; the Spearman correlation test was used for correlation analysis; the DeLong test was used for comparison of the area under the ROC curve (AUC). ResultsCompared with the choledocholithiasis group, the cholangiocarcinoma group had significant increases in the levels of calprotectin [4 795.50 (2 286.79‍ ‍—‍ ‍20 179.73) ng/mL vs 411.16 (67.03‍ ‍—‍ ‍1 991.88) ng/mL, Z=5.572, P<0.001] and fluoride [115.70 (109.10‍ — ‍125.50) mmol/L vs 106.60 (98.60‍ ‍—‍ ‍114.40) mmol/L, Z=2.702, P=0.007]. The patients with cholangiocarcinoma were further divided into high cholangiocarcinoma group and low cholangiocarcinoma group, and there was no significant difference between the two groups in the level of calprotectin [3 867.71 (2 235.66‍ — ‍26 407.40) ng/mL vs 4 795.50 (2 361.15‍ — ‍13 070.53) ng/mL, Z=0.129, P>0.05]. Biliary calprotectin level was correlated with white blood cell count, hemoglobin concentration, and lactoferrin concentration in bile (r=0.316, 0.353, and 0.464, all P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that biliary calprotectin (with a sensitivity of 79.4% and a specificity of 75.6%), blood CA19-9 (with a sensitivity of 82.4% and a specificity of 78.2%), and their combination (with a sensitivity of 88.2% and a specificity of 73.1%) had good sensitivity and specificity in the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma. ConclusionThere is an increase in the level of biliary calprotectin in patients with cholangiocarcinoma, and therefore, it might become a biomarker for the diagnosis of cholangiocarcinoma.

8.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 730-735, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012970

ABSTRACT

The previous moral injury theory implied the premise of taking individual as the research object, while there were few studies on collective moral injury. Collective moral injury is defined as a series of consequences of violating widely accepted moral beliefs rather than simply adding up symptoms of injured individuals within a group. From the America "Floyd Case", this paper analyzed the functional elements and generating mechanism of collective moral injury, that was, the diversification of trauma sources events could appear alone or interweave, collective moral resilience showed the characteristics of social integrity and time accumulation, the interaction between collective trauma sources and collective moral resilience determined whether collective moral injury occurs. As the We-Media become popular, collective feature of moral injury is more evident, which presents two new features that the Internet platform becomes a hub for trauma events and the information Internet recorded consolidates collective moral resilience. To deal with collective moral injury, it was needed to respond to social concerns and guidance moral public opinion, respect the original endogenous order and inherit the traditional culture, satisfy reasonable moral needs and enlighten moral sense of people as well.

9.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 310-314, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012895

ABSTRACT

Safeguarding biosecurity is an important subject under the rapid development of biotechnology. There are four explicit references to ethical concepts in Biosecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China. This paper interpreted and analyzed Biosecurity Law from three perspectives of ethical stipulation, ethical connotation and institutional construction. By clarifying the ethical content involved in the national Biosecurity Law, explaining the ethical connotation, and putting forward suggestions on the construction of ethical related systems. So as to provide reference for the understanding of the law and promote the protection of national biosecurity.

10.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 195-200, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012875

ABSTRACT

One of the crux of the problem of doctor-patient relationship is the uneven division of rights and obligations between doctors and patients. Among them, it is significantly essential to emphasize the patient’s obligation as a weak point. The reasons cover many aspects. On the one hand, it is of great significance to standardize patient obligations: the definition of patients’ obligations is better health protection for patients; the emphasis on patients’ obligations is the moral support for doctors’ responsibilities; the fulfillment of patients’ obligations promotes the win-win interests of doctors and patients. On the other hand, the current situation of standardizing patients’ obligations is not optimistic: the provisions of patients’ obligations in existing laws and regulations are not ideal; the current ethical discussion on patient obligations also needs to be deepened. Therefore, in order to standardize patients’ obligations, build harmonious doctor-patient relationship and build a community of doctor-patient, this paper put forward specific suggestions from three aspects: improving laws and regulations, standardizing the management of medical institutions and enhancing patients’ literacy.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 59-65, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011443

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo reveal the effects of Huanglian Jiedutang (HLJDT) on the learning and memory abilities of APP/PS1 transgenic mice via hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α)/vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathway. MethodForty 5-month-old β-amyloid precursor protein (APP)/presenilin 1(PS1) mice were randomized into the model, donepezil (0.001 g·kg-1·d-1), and low-, medium-, and high-dose (1.5, 3, 6 g·kg-1·d-1, respectively) HLJDT groups, and 8 C57BL/6 mice were taken as the normal group. After 45 days of continuous administration, Morris water maze test was conducted, and the organ indexes were calculated. The morphological structure of cerebral vascular endothelial cells in mice was observed under a transmission electron microscope. Western blot was employed to measure the protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF,VEGFA, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in the hippocampus. The mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF were determined by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultCompared with the normal group, the model group showed prolonged escape latency (P<0.05), reduced distance and time around the target platform (P<0.05), decrease brain and spleen indexes (P<0.05), vascular endothelial cells with karyopyknosis and not abundant cytoplasm, up-regulated protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF, and VEGFA (P<0.05), down-regulated protein level of BDNF (P<0.05), and up-regulated mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF (P<0.05) in the hippocampus. Compared with the model group, high-dose HLJDT shortened the escape latency (P<0.05), increased the distance and time around the target platform (P<0.05), raised the brain and spleen indexes (P<0.05), repaired the organelles of vascular endothelial cells, down-regulated the protein levels of APP, HIF-1α, VEGF, and VEGFA (P<0.05), up-regulated the protein level of BDNF (P<0.05), and down-regulated the mRNA levels of APP, HIF-1α, and VEGF (P<0.05) in the hippocampus. ConclusionHLJDT can improve the learning and memory abilities of mice by reducing the expression of HIF-1α and VEGF, thus protecting the nerves.

12.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 25-29, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007207

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To describe the association of different sleep characteristics and cardiometabolic risk among college students, so as to provide reference for health promotion of college students.@*Methods@#By random cluster sampling method, a questionnaire survey and physical examination including blood pressure, waist circumference and blood lipid indicators, which were conducted in April and May of 2019 among a total of 1 179 college students from the first grade in two universities in Hefei City of Anhui Province and Shangrao City of Jiangxi Province. A total of 729 college students with valid questionnaires were included into analysis. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) were used to investigate sleep behavior, and the Morning And Evening Questionnaire-5 (MEQ-5) was used to investigate sleep characteristics. The cardiometabolic risk score was derived using the sum of the standardized sex specific Z scores of waist circumference, mean arterial pressure, HDL cholesterol (multiplied by -1), triglycerides, and insulin resistance index. The rank sum tests were used to compare differences in cardiometabolic risk scores across demographic characteristics. Generalized linear models were used to compare the association of different sleep characteristics with cardiometabolic risk scores among college students.@*Results@#The average cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students was -0.32(-2.03, 1.58). There were statistically significant differences in cardiovascular metabolic risk scores among college students in variables such as smoking, health status, and physical activity levels ( t/F=-3.41, 12.88, 51.07, P <0.01). The results of the generalized linear model showed that nighttime preference ( B=1.89, 95%CI =1.02-3.49), insomnia symptoms ( B=3.25, 95%CI =1.79-5.90), and short or long sleep duration ( B=1.92, 95%CI =1.21-3.05) were positively correlated with the cardiovascular metabolic risk score of college students ( P <0.05).@*Conclusions@#Poor sleep patterns among college students are positively correlated with the risk of cardiovascular metabolism. The sleep behavior of college students should be actively changed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.

13.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 129-137, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006438

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of omental wrapping technique for pancreaticojejunal anastomosis in preventing complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy. MethodsThis study was conducted according to the PRISMA guideline. English and Chinese databases including CNKI, Wanfang Data, VIP, CBM, the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science were searched for clinical studies on omental wrapping technique for pancreaticojejunal anastomosis in preventing complications after pancreaticoduodenectomy published up to November 2022, and Stata 16 and Review Manager 5.4 were used to perform the meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 15 studies with 1 830 patients were included in this study. The meta-analysis showed that the omental wrapping group had a significantly lower overall incidence rate of postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) than the non-omental wrapping group (odds ratio [OR]=0.30, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.22‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.41, P<0.001), and the subgroup analysis showed that the omental wrapping group had a significantly lower incidence rate of grade B/C POPF than the non-omental wrapping group (OR=0.29, 95%CI: 0.21‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.39, P<0.001). Compared with the non-omental wrapping group, the omental wrapping group had significantly lower incidence rates of postoperative bile leakage (OR=0.30, 95%CI: 0.16‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.56, P<0.001), postoperative hemorrhage (OR=0.35, 95%CI: 0.24‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.53, P<0.001), delayed gastric emptying (OR=0.45, 95%CI: 0.31‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.64, P<0.001), abdominal infection (OR=0.55, 95%CI: 0.40‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.75, P<0.001), reoperation (OR=0.31, 95%CI: 0.18‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.54, P<0.001), and death within 30 days after surgery (OR=0.42, 95%CI: 0.22‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.80, P=0.009), a significantly earlier time to diet (mean difference [MD]=-0.98, 95%CI: -1.84 to -0.11, P=0.03), and a significantly shorter length of postoperative hospital stay (MD=-2.44, 95%CI: -4.10 to -0.77, P=0.004). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the time of operation (MD=-13.68, 95%CI: -28.31 to -0.95, P=0.07) and intraoperative blood loss (MD=-17.26, 95%CI: -57.55 to -23.03, P=0.40). ConclusionOmental wrapping can reduce the incidence rates of postoperative complications such as pancreatic fistula, bile leakage, postoperative hemorrhage, abdominal infection, and delayed gastric emptying, improve the prognosis of patients, and shorten the length of hospital stay, without increasing surgical difficulty or time of operation.

14.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 83-88, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005912

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the mediating effect of lifestyles on the association between family history and cardiovascular disease (CVD). Methods This study was based on the "Early Screening and Comprehensive Intervention of High-risk Populations of Cardiovascular Disease Project". The data were collected from 6 project sites in Hubei Province. Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the impact of family history and lifestyle on CVD, and the relationship between family history and lifestyle. Mediation analysis was used to evaluate the mediating effect of lifestyle on the association between family history and CVD. Results A total of 5 871 subjects were included in the study from 2015 to 2016, of whom 500 (8.52%) developed CVD and 484 had family history of CVD. The risk of developing CVD was significantly increased in participants with family history of disease (OR = 1.458, P = 0.014) and in those with high level of physical activity (OR = 1.081, P = 0.026). The increase of leisure physical activity time showed a protective effect on developing CVD (OR = 0.977, P < 0.001). Participants with family history significantly increased leisure physical activity (OR = 2.085, P < 0.001), and were less likely to choose occupations with high levels of physical activity (OR = 0.524, P < 0.001). The results of mediation analysis showed that leisure physical activity and occupational physical activity mediated the relationship between family history and CVD, and the β value of the mediating effects were -0.004 (P = 0.010) and 0.002 (P = 0.045), respectively. The β value of the direct effect of family history on CVD was 0.033 (P < 0.05). Conclusion Leisure physical activity and occupational physical activity might mediate the relationship between family history and CVD. People with family history would reduce the risk of developing CVD by increasing leisure physical activity time and choosing occupations with low levels of physical activity.

15.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 112-117, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005240

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the effect of the timing of lung transplantation and related treatment measures on clinical prognosis of patients with paraquat poisoning. Methods Clinical data of a patient with paraquat poisoning undergoing bilateral lung transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical manifestations, auxiliary examination, diagnosis and treatment of this patient were summarized and analyzed. Results A 17-year-old adolescent was admitted to hospital due to nausea, vomiting, cough and systemic fatigue after oral intake of 20-30 mL of 25% paraquat. After symptomatic support treatment, the oxygen saturation was not improved, and pulmonary fibrosis continued to progress. Therefore, sequential bilateral lung transplantation was performed under extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). After postoperative rehabilitation and active prevention and treatment for postoperative complications, the patient was discharged at postoperative 50 d. Conclusions The timing of lung transplantation after paraquat poisoning may be selected when the liver and kidney function start to recover. Active and targeted prevention of potential pathogen infection in perioperative period and early rehabilitation training contribute to improving clinical prognosis of lung transplant recipients.

16.
Crit. Care Sci ; 35(4): 345-354, Oct.-Dec. 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528481

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The optimal target for blood glucose concentration in critically ill patients is unclear. We will perform a systematic review and meta-analysis with aggregated and individual patient data from randomized controlled trials, comparing intensive glucose control with liberal glucose control in critically ill adults. Data sources: MEDLINE®, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials, and clinical trials registries (World Health Organization, clinical trials.gov). The authors of eligible trials will be invited to provide individual patient data. Published trial-level data from eligible trials that are not at high risk of bias will be included in an aggregated data meta-analysis if individual patient data are not available. Methods: Inclusion criteria: randomized controlled trials that recruited adult patients, targeting a blood glucose of ≤ 120mg/dL (≤ 6.6mmol/L) compared to a higher blood glucose concentration target using intravenous insulin in both groups. Excluded studies: those with an upper limit blood glucose target in the intervention group of > 120mg/dL (> 6.6mmol/L), or where intensive glucose control was only performed in the intraoperative period, and those where loss to follow-up exceeded 10% by hospital discharge. Primary endpoint: In-hospital mortality during index hospital admission. Secondary endpoints: mortality and survival at other timepoints, duration of invasive mechanical ventilation, vasoactive agents, and renal replacement therapy. A random effect Bayesian meta-analysis and hierarchical Bayesian models for individual patient data will be used. Discussion: This systematic review with aggregate and individual patient data will address the clinical question, 'what is the best blood glucose target for critically ill patients overall?' Protocol version 0.4 - 06/26/2023 PROSPERO registration: CRD42021278869


RESUMO Objetivo: Não está claro qual é a meta ideal de concentração de glicose no sangue em pacientes em estado grave. Realizaremos uma revisão sistemática e uma metanálise com dados agregados e de pacientes individuais de estudos controlados e randomizados, comparando o controle intensivo da glicose com o controle liberal da glicose em adultos em estado grave. Fontes de dados: MEDLINE®, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Clinical Trials e registros de ensaios clínicos (Organização Mundial da Saúde, clinical trials.gov). Os autores dos estudos qualificados serão convidados a fornecer dados individuais de pacientes. Os dados publicados em nível de ensaio qualificado que não apresentem alto risco de viés serão incluídos em uma metanálise de dados agregados se os dados individuais de pacientes não estiverem disponíveis. Métodos: Critérios de inclusão: ensaios clínicos controlados e randomizados que recrutaram pacientes adultos, com meta de glicemia ≤ 120mg/dL (≤ 6,6mmol/L) comparada a uma meta de concentração de glicemia mais alta com insulina intravenosa em ambos os grupos. Estudos excluídos: aqueles com meta de glicemia no limite superior no grupo de intervenção > 120mg/dL (> 6,6mmol/L), ou em que o controle intensivo de glicose foi realizado apenas no período intraoperatório, e aqueles em que a perda de seguimento excedeu 10% até a alta hospitalar. Desfecho primário: Mortalidade intra-hospitalar durante a admissão hospitalar. Desfechos secundários: Mortalidade e sobrevida em outros momentos, duração da ventilação mecânica invasiva, agentes vasoativos e terapia de substituição renal. Utilizaremos metanálise bayesiana de efeito randômico e modelos bayesianos hierárquicos para dados individuais de pacientes. Discussão: Essa revisão sistemática com dados agregados e de pacientes individuais abordará a questão clínica: Qual é a melhor meta de glicose no sangue de pacientes graves em geral? Protocolo versão 0.4 - 26/06/2023 Registro PROSPERO: CRD42021278869

17.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 808-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985990

ABSTRACT

Objective: To retrospectively investigate the clinical data, radiological characteristics, treatment, and outcome of patients with parenchymal neuro-Behcet's disease (P-NBD) with particular emphasis on dizziness. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of clinical data from 25 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of P-NBD who were admitted to the Department of Neurology of the First Medical Center of Chinese People's Liberation Army General Hospital between 2010 and 2022. The median age of the population was 37 years (range: 17-85 years). Clinical data were retrospectively analyzed, including gender, age of onset, disease duration, clinical manifestations, serum immune indicators, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) routine biochemical and cytokine levels, cranial and spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings, treatment, and outcome. Results: The majority of patients were male (16 cases; 64.0%), the mean age of onset was (28±14) (range: 4-58 years), and the disease course was acute or subacute. Fever was the most common clinical presentation, and the complaint of dizziness was not uncommon (8/25 patients). Analysis of serum immune indices, including complement (C3 and C4), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6, IL-8 and tumor necrotic factor-alpha were abnormal in 80.0% of patients (20/25). Most of the 16/25 patients who underwent lumbar puncture tests had normal intracranial pressure and increased CSF white cell count and protein [median values were 44 (15-380) ×106/L and 0.73 (0.49-2.81) g/L, respectively]. Of the five patients who underwent CSF cytokine tests, four patients had abnormal results; of these, an elevated level of IL-6 was most common, followed by IL-1 and IL-8. The most common site of involvement in cranial MRI was the brainstem and basal ganglia (60.0% respectively), followed by white matter (48.0%) and the cortex (44.0%). Nine cases (36.0%) showed lesions with enhancement and six cases (24.0%) showed mass-like lesions. Three patients (12.0%) patients had lesions in the spinal cord, most frequently in the thoracic cord. All patients received immunological intervention therapy; during follow up, the majority had a favorable outcome. Conclusions: P-NBD is an autoimmune disease with multiple system involvement and diverse clinical manifestations. The symptom of dizziness is not uncommon and can be easily ignored. Early treatment with immunotherapy is important and can improve the outcome of these patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Behcet Syndrome/diagnosis , Interleukin-6 , Retrospective Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-8 , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurology
18.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 868-876, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985489

ABSTRACT

Objective: This article investigated the clinical characteristics and distribution of drug resistance mutation sites in HBV RT region of hepatitis B infected patients. Methods: Retrospective analysis was made on 1 948 patients with HBV infection, who had been tested for NAs resistance mutation and had a medical history of NAs in the Laboratory Department of the Fifth Medical Center of the PLA General Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021. Basic clinical information and drug resistance related mutation information were recorded. Meanwhile, the serological index data of hepatitis B were collected. Drug resistance gene mutant group and non-mutated group were grouped according to whether the drug resistance genes had a mutation in HBV RT region, and the clinical characteristics and genotype distribution of the two groups were statistically analyzed. The pattern of drug resistance gene mutation, number of mutation sites, drug resistance type and mutation of NAs resistance-related sites were analyzed in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region. χ2 Inspection was used for counting data. Meanwhile, two independent samples t-test and Wilcoxon rank sum test were used for measurement data. Results: Among the 1 948 patients with chronic HBV infection, 917 patients had drug resistance gene mutation in RT region (47.07%). The proportion of patients with acute hepatitis B and CHB in HBV RT resistance gene mutant group was lower than that in the non-mutated group, while the proportion of patients with HBV-related cirrhosis was higher than that in the non-mutated group, these differences were statistically significant. Compared with the non-mutated group in HBV RT region, the age, the positive rates of HBeAg and HBV DNA, and HBV DNA load of these patients were increased in drug resistance gene mutant group, these differences were statistically significant. Genotypes of patients in both groups were dominated by C, followed by B and D. The proportion of patients with genotype C in HBV RT drug resistance gene mutant group was higher than that of non-mutated group, the difference was statistically significant. There were 53 gene mutation patterns in 917 patients with drug resistance gene mutation in HBV RT region, and the main pattern was rtL180M+rtM204V+rtS202G (9.70%). The mutation sites were dominated by 3 (20.74%). There were 5 types of drug resistance, LAM+Ldt (21.25%) was the most. Among the 18 sites that were clearly associated with LAM, ADV, ETV and Ldt resistance in the HBV RT region, 14 sites were mutated, and the most common mutation sites were rtL180M, rtM204V, rtM204 and rtS202G. what's more, the proportion of patients with NAs drug resistance was LAM>Ldt>ETV>ADV. Conclusion: In order to prevent adverse consequences of this study such as disease recurrence or disease progression caused by HBV drug resistance, HBV infected patients, who have long-term use of NAs antiviral therapy, should monitor the level of HBV DNA and drug resistance genes in HBV RT region in order to optimize the treatment plan in time or guide individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Mutation , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Lamivudine/therapeutic use
19.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1063-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985415

ABSTRACT

Methods@#To analyze the trend of the burden of depression among adolescents aged 10-24 years from 1990 to 2019 and predict its future trend, so as to provide a theoretical basis for prevention and treatment.@*Methods@#The prevalence and disability adjusted life years (DALYs) were determined using the 2019 Global Burden of Disease Database. The joinpoint regression model was employed to analyze the changing trend of the burden of depression among adolescents aged 10-24 years in China from 1990 to 2019. The ARIMA time series model was established using R software to predict the development trend of depression among adolescents aged 10-24 years in China from 2020 to 2029.@*Results@#From 1990 to 2019, the prevalence and DALYs rate were higher among adolescents aged 10-24 years in comparison to the general population and males. Furthermore, the prevalence and DALYs rate were higher among adolescents aged 20-24 years than among those aged 15-19 and 10-14 years, with statistical significance ( P <0.05). The joinpoint regression analysis revealed that the prevalence of depression among adolescents aged 10-24 years showed an overall decreasing trend with an average annual rate of 1.61% ( t =-10.53, P <0.05), while the prevalence of depression among male and female adolescents in the same age group also showed a decreasing trend, with an average annual decreasing rate of 1.18% ( t =-5.79) and 1.79% ( t =-11.84) ( P <0.05), and the overall decline rate was greater among women than men. There was no significant change in the prevalence of depression among adolescents aged 10-14 years from 1990 to 2019 (AAPC=-0.28, P >0.05), while the prevalence of depression among adolescents aged 15-19 years and 20-24 years also showed a decreasing trend with an average annual rate of 1.43% ( t =-12.05) and 1.90% ( t =-24.92) ( P <0.05). The ARIMA model predicted that the prevalence of depression and the rate of DALYs among adolescents aged 10-24 years would continue to decline from 2020 to 2029.@*Conclusion@#The prevention and treatment of depression among adolescents aged 10-24 years in China should focus on females and those aged 20- 24 years old. We should start from the environment and micro-environment of adolescent growth and take active and effective measures to prevent the occurrence of adolescent depression.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 1083-1088, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009458

ABSTRACT

Objective This study aimed to establish a pre-metastatic niche mouse model utilizing luciferase-labeled Lewis (Luc-Lewis) lung cancer cells and to assess the efficacy of this model employing both qualitative and quantitative methods. Methods C57BL/6 mice were categorized into two groups: a normal control group and a model group, each containing 15 individual mice. The pre-metastatic niche model was established via tail vein injection of Luc-Lewis lung cancer cells. Body mass were measured daily for all groups. Tumor fluorescence signals within the mice were detected using a high-throughput enzyme marker instrument. Lung tissue specimens were harvested to evaluate metastatic progression. HE staining was used to assess histopathological changes. Real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot analysis were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), versican (VCAN), and fibronectin (FN), which are the specific markers for the formation of the microenvironment of lung tissues before metastasis. Results Significant declines in body mass and observable lethargy were noted in the model group when compared to the control group. Distinct fluorescence signals were observed in the lung tissue of the model group, demonstrating a positive correlation with the duration of model establishment. By day 14, elevated mRNA and protein expression levels of LOX, MMP9, VCAN, and FN were significantly evident. In addition, histopathological evaluations revealed augmented interstitial thickness, alveolar atrophy and significant inflammatory cell infiltration within the lung tissues of the model group. By the 21st day, metastatic lesions manifested in the lung tissues of the model group, suggesting an approximate pre-metastatic niche maturation timeline of 14 days. Conclusion A pre-metastatic niche mouse model for Lewis lung cancer is successfully established.


Subject(s)
Mice , Animals , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Carcinoma, Lewis Lung , Disease Models, Animal , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Microenvironment
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