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1.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 65-67, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959005

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Vaccine-hypervariable poliovirus type Ⅲ was detected in an acute flaccid paralysis infant at age of 6 months in Zhejiang Province in June, 2021, and the isolated and incubated virus had six nucleotide variations in the VP1 region as compared to the poliovirus Sabin vaccine strain. The infant had a history of three-dose poliovirus vaccination, and grade 2 muscle strength of the left upper limb upon onset. He was clinically diagnosed with cellulitis of the left shoulder, and recovered to normal following treatment. No abnormality was detected in the nervous system, and the infant was cured and discharged from hospital. No vaccine-hypervariable poliovirus was detected in subsequent infant' clinical samples or in close contacts, and no similar cases were identified during the active case detection by county/district medical institutions and among community populations. Since the infant did not present poliomyelitis-related clinical symptoms caused by vaccine-hypervariable poliovirus, poliomyelitis was excluded. The vaccine-hypervariable poliovirus was not spread because of timely identification and effective responses, suggesting the urgent need to maintain the sensitivity of the acute flaccid paralysis surveillance system and improve the coverage of poliovirus vaccination, so as to inhibit the transmission of poliovirus.

2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4130-4136, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008609

ABSTRACT

Twelve compounds were isolated from Liquidambaris Resina by silica gel column chromatography and thin layer chromatography. Their structures were identified on the basis of spectral data, electron capture detector data, and physicochemical properties as(2'R, 3'R)-2',3'-dihydroxy-hydrocinnamyl-(E)-cinnamate(1),(E)-cinnamyl-(E)-cinnamate(2), cinnamic acid(3), 28-norlup-20(29)-en-3-one-17β-hydroperoxide(4), erythrodiol(5), 13β,28-epoxy-30-hydroxyolean-1-en-3-one(6),(3β)-olean-12-ene-3,23-diol(7), 2α,3α-dihydroxy-olean-12-en-28-oic acid(8), 28-hydroxyolean-12-en-3-one(9), 3-epi-oleanolic acid(10), 3-oxo-oleanolic acid(11), and hederagenin(12). Compound 1 was a new cinnamic acid ester derivative and compounds 2-4,6-8, and 12 were isolated from Liquidambaris Resina for the first time. Compounds 4, 5, 10, and 12 exerted inhibitory effects on the proliferation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC) with the IC_(50) values of(17.43±2.17),(35.32±0.61),(27.50±0.80), and(46.30±0.30) μmol·L~(-1), respectively.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oleanolic Acid , Endothelial Cells , Esters , Cinnamates , Triterpenes/chemistry , Molecular Structure
3.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 239-242, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996068

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the block-based charging method for centralized dispensing of neonatal drugs in pharmacy intravenous admixture service (PIVAS), analyze its effect on drug savings and inpatient drug cost, so as to provide the reference for the appropriate charging method of neonatal drugs.Methods:According to the balance quantity and amount of neonatal intravenous drugs that were centrally allocated by the PIVAS of our hospital, refer to the doctor′s orders, the dosage per dose as well as the number of patients per dose were analyzed, then the drug types and plans for block-based charging were formulated. Before and after the implementation of the plan, the monthly average drug balance quantity and amount, the average number of drug charges for the neonates, the average daily drug cost, and the adverse events of related drugs were used as the indicators to be investigated to clarify the implementation effect of the block-based charging mothod.Results:Fourteen medicines were charged by block-based, including 4 antibiotics, 2 ordinary infusion preparations, and 8 parenteral nutrition solution preparations. The monthly average drug balance quantity was reduced from 5 047±541 to 1 856±225, and the monthly average balance amount was reduced from 65 811±10 265 yuan to 20 659±6 002 yuan. The average drug dosage for children in the trial drug was significantly reduced with a decrease range of 39.2% to 90.1%. Both the inpatient daily drug cost of neonatus and the daily average antibacterial drug cost was decreased. During the centralized dispensing of neonatal drugs, no related adverse drug events occurred.Conclusions:The block-based charging method of centralized drug distribution can improve the utilization rate of drugs, reduce drug waste, reduce the cost of inpatient medicines the financial burden on children′s families, which is worthy of further promotion and implementation.

4.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 568-576, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986963

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Akt2 inhibitor on macrophage polarization in the periapical tissue in a rat model of periapical inflammation.@*METHODS@#Rat models of periapical inflammation were established in 28 normal SD rats by opening the pulp cavity of the mandibular first molars, followed by injection of normal saline and Akt2 inhibitor into the left and right medullary cavities, respectively. Four rats without any treatment served as the healthy control group. At 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after modeling, 7 rat models and 1 control rat were randomly selected for observation of inflammatory infiltration in the periapical tissues by X-ray and HE staining. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression and localization of Akt2, macrophages and the inflammatory mediators. RT-PCR was performed to detect the mRNA expressions of Akt2, CD86, CD163, inflammatory mediators, miR-155-5p and C/EBPβ to analyze the changes in macrophage polarization.@*RESULTS@#X-ray and HE staining showed that periapical inflammation was the most obvious at 21 days after modeling in the rats. Immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR showed that compared with those in the control rats, the expressions of Akt2, CD86, CD163, miR-155-5p, C/EBPβ, and IL-10 increased significantly in the rat models at 21 days (P < 0.05). Compared with saline treatment, treatment with the Akt2 inhibitor significantly decreased the expression levels of Akt2, CD86, miR-155-5p and IL-6 and the ratio of CD86+M1/CD163+M2 macrophages (P < 0.05) and increased the expression levels of CD163, C/EBPβ and IL-10 in the rat models (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Inhibition of Akt2 can delay the progression of periapical inflammation in rats and promote M2 macrophage polarization in the periapical inflammatory microenvironment possibly by reducing miR-155-5p expression and activating the expression of C/EBPβ in the Akt signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , MicroRNAs/genetics , Interleukin-10 , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Macrophages/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism
5.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 133-138, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982027

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the prevalence of pathogenic germline mutations of mismatch repair (MMR) genes in prostate cancer patients and its relationship with clinicopathological characteristics.@*METHODS@#Germline sequencing data of 855 prostate cancer patients admitted in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from 2018 to 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The pathogenicity of mutations was assessed according to the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) standard guideline, Clinvar and Intervar databases. The clinicopathological characteristics and responses to castration treatment were compared among patients with MMR gene mutation (MMR+ group), patients with DNA damage repair (DDR) gene germline pathogenic mutation without MMR gene (DDR+MMR- group) and patients without DDR gene germline pathogenic mutation (DDR- group).@*RESULTS@#Thirteen (1.52%) MMR+ patients were identified in 855 prostate cancer patients, including 1 case with MLH1 gene mutation, 6 cases with MSH2 gene mutation, 4 cases with MSH6 gene mutation and 2 cases with PMS2 gene mutation. 105 (11.9%) patients were identified as DDR gene positive (except MMR gene), and 737 (86.2%) patients were DDR gene negative. Compared with DDR- group, MMR+ group had lower age of onset (P<0.05) and initial prostate-specific antigen (PSA) (P<0.01), while no significant differences were found between the two groups in Gleason score and TMN staging (both P>0.05). The median time to castration resistance was 8 months (95%CI: 6 months-not achieved), 16 months (95%CI: 12-32 months) and 24 months (95%CI: 21-27 months) for MMR+ group, DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group, respectively. The time to castration resistance in MMR+ group was significantly shorter than that in DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group (both P<0.01), while there was no significant difference between DDR+MMR- group and DDR- group (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#MMR gene mutation testing is recommended for prostate cancer patients with early onset, low initial PSA, metastasis or early resistance to castration therapy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate-Specific Antigen/genetics , Germ-Line Mutation , Retrospective Studies , DNA Mismatch Repair/genetics , DNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , China , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology
6.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 292-296, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935385

ABSTRACT

Estimating the actual real-world effectiveness of the vaccine is an essential part of the post-marketing evaluation. This regression discontinuity design (RDD) using observational data is designed to quantify the effect of an intervention when eligibility for the intervention is based on a defined cutoff as age, making it suited to estimate vaccine effects. This approach can avoid the high cost and ethical issues; overcome difficulties in the organization and practice process in randomized controlled trials, which leads to a higher level of causal inference evidence and more realistic results. Here, we describe key features of RDD in general, and then specific scenarios, with examples, to illustrate that RDD are an essential tool for advancing our understanding of vaccine effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Causality , Vaccine Efficacy , Vaccines
7.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 554-560, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935324

ABSTRACT

Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus is the leading cause of vaccine-preventable encephalitis in Asia and the Western Pacific, which mainly invades central nervous system. Vaccination is the most important strategy to prevent JE. Currently, both live attenuated Japanese encephalitis vaccines (JE-L) and inactivated vaccines (JE-I) are in use. Due to the supply of vaccines and the personal choice of recipients, there will be a demand for interchangeable immunization of these two vaccines. However, relevant research is limited. By reviewing domestic and foreign research evidence, this article summarizes the current situation of the interchangeable use of JE-L and JE-I, and makes recommendations when the interchangeable immunization is in urgent need, so as to provide reference for practical vaccination and policymaking in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Encephalitis Virus, Japanese , Encephalitis, Japanese/prevention & control , Immunization , Japanese Encephalitis Vaccines , Vaccination , Vaccines, Inactivated
8.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 459-463, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935308

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and spatiotemporal clustering of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019. Methods: The data of hepatitis A incidence in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019 were collected from the infectious disease surveillance system of China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention. ArcGIS 10.7 software was used for spatial autocorrelation analysis. SaTScan 9.6 software was used for spatiotemporal scanning analysis. SPSS 25.0 software was used for additional analysis. Results: Zhejiang Province has reported 5 465 cases of hepatitis A in 2010-2019 years, with an average annual incidence rate of 1.00/100 000, and periodicity and seasonality are not obvious. The incidence of male was higher than that of female (P=0.023), and the highest incidence rate was 50-59 years old. Spatial autocorrelation analysis showed that there was a positive spatial correlation between the incidence of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2017, with the weakest correlation in 2010 (Moran's I =0.103, Z=1.769, P=0.049), and the strongest correlation in 2016 (Moran's I=0.328, Z=4.979, P=0.001). Spatiotemporal scanning analysis showed that there was spatial aggregation of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province from 2010 to 2019, with a total of three aggregation areas identified. Among them, the mostly aggregation area was concentrated in Xiangshan county of Ningbo city, which covered 10 counties (cities and districts), including Ninghai county and Yinzhou district, and appeared from January 1 to June 30, 2012. Conclusion: The incidence level of hepatitis A in Zhejiang Province shows a stable fluctuation trend from 2010 to 2019, and the seasonal regularity is not obvious. The population group aged 50-59 years old is the key population. There is spatial aggregation in the epidemic situation of hepatitis A. Targeted prevention and control measures of hepatitis A should be done based on the law of spatiotemporal aggregation and local incidence.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China/epidemiology , Cluster Analysis , Hepatitis A/epidemiology , Incidence , Spatial Analysis
9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 253-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933207

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is one of the most common malignancies in older men. Prostate cancer patients with distant metastasis often have a poor prognosis, and more than half of Chinese prostate cancer patients have developed distant metastasis at the time of initial diagnosis. In recent years, with the disclosure of the results of a number of global multi-center clinical trials, combination therapy and precision therapy have become two major themes in the treatment of metastatic prostate cancer (mPCa). The American Society of Clinical Oncology Genitourinary (ASCO-GU) Cancers Symposium is a grand meeting of the urologic oncology community. Several research advances reported at the meeting will help to update the treatment strategy of mPCa. This article interprets and comments on a number of milestone studies on mPCa treatment at the ASCO-GU 2022 annual meeting, with a view to providing help for the clinical treatment decisions of mPCa patients.

10.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 876-880, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940859

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the willingness to receive measles-containing vaccine (MCV) and its influencing factors among healthcare workers in the Yangtze River Delta region, so as to provide the evidence for improving the measles-containing vaccination rate@*Methods@#Healthcare workers were sampled from 19 medical institutions in each of Shanghai Municipality, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province and Anhui Province for questionnaire surveys using a multi-stage stratified convenience sampling methods from July 2020 to March 2021. Participants' gender, age, educational level, professional title, measles-containing vaccination, awareness of MCV and willingness to receive MCV were collected, and the factors affecting the willingness to receive MCV were identified among healthcare workers using a multivariable logistic regression model. @*Results@#Totally 1 403 questionnaires were allocated, and 1 394 valid questionnaires were recovered, with an effective recovery rate of 99.36%. The respondents included 327 men and 1 067 women, with a male to female ratio of 1∶3.26, and 64.35% (897) were at ages of 31 to 50 years. There were 1 005 respondents with a bachelor degree (72.09%), 765 with middle and senior professional titles (54.88%), 676 with a history of measles-containing vaccination (48.49%), 1 176 with willingness to receive MCV (84.36%) and 218 without willingness to receive MCV due to convenience of vaccination (30.73%) and cost (19.27%). Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that region (Zhejiang, OR=1.613, 95%CI: 1.054-2.470; Anhui, OR=2.058, 95%CI: 1.259-3.363), and no history of measles (OR=2.219, 95%CI: 1.302-3.781) were factors improving the willingness to receive MCV among healthcare workers, and hospital level (secondary, OR=0.483, 95%CI: 0.306-0.763; tertiary, OR=0.251, 95%CI: 0.160-0.394), history of measles-containing vaccination (no, OR=0.262, 95%CI: 0.172-0.399; unknown, OR=0.386, 95%CI: 0.266-0.559), and unawareness of MCV knowledge (OR=0.208, 95%CI: 0.081-0.536) were factors inhibiting the willingness to receive MCV among healthcare workers.@*Conclusions@#The willingness to receive MCV correlates with region, history of measles, hospital level, history of measles-containing vaccination and awareness of MCV knowledge among healthcare workers in the Yangtze River Delta region.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 144-151, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940218

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the rules of syndrome and treatment of cardiovascular event chain based on the results of data mining of medical records under the guidance of vessel-collateral theory. MethodMulti-source database research method was used to retrieve the medical records related to metabolic syndrome, angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, post-intervention of myocardial infarction, arrhythmia after myocardial infarction and heart failure after myocardial infarction between database inception and January 2022 from PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (Wanfang Data), VIP and China Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed). The fields of name, age, gender, symptoms, tongue image, pulse image, drug and disease location were extracted from these medical records, and drug efficacy classification and syndrome classification were determined based on vessel-collateral theory. The rules of syndrome and treatment of cardiovascular event chain were analyzed by data mining methods such as frequency deconstruction, systematic cluster analysis and FP-Growth association analysis. ResultThe above five key pathological links in the chain of cardiovascular event chain all showed symptoms related to the disorder of Yingwei. The proportion of dampness, phlegm, blood stasis and water secondary to the disorder of Yingwei in the above five key pathological links was different, and the frequency of corresponding drug combinations was also different. ConclusionThe disorder of Yingwei is the initiating factor of cardiovascular event chain and runs through the whole process. The abnormality of Yingwei at the terminal of vessel-collateral may lead to the disorder of Qi, blood, body fluid and essence transportation and metabolism. Body fluid accumulates into dampness, dampness accumulates into phlegm, blood stagnation accumulates into blood stasis, blood stasis accumulates into water, which becomes an internal driving factor to promote the development and aggravation of cardiovascular event chain. It leads to the transmission law of Ning-Yong-Sai-Butong, which constitutes the core pathogenesis of the development and evolution of the five key pathological links of cardiovascular event chain.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 144-151, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940121

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the rules of syndrome and treatment of cardiovascular event chain based on the results of data mining of medical records under the guidance of vessel-collateral theory. MethodMulti-source database research method was used to retrieve the medical records related to metabolic syndrome, angina pectoris of coronary heart disease, post-intervention of myocardial infarction, arrhythmia after myocardial infarction and heart failure after myocardial infarction between database inception and January 2022 from PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang Data Knowledge Service Platform (Wanfang Data), VIP and China Biomedical Literature Service System (SinoMed). The fields of name, age, gender, symptoms, tongue image, pulse image, drug and disease location were extracted from these medical records, and drug efficacy classification and syndrome classification were determined based on vessel-collateral theory. The rules of syndrome and treatment of cardiovascular event chain were analyzed by data mining methods such as frequency deconstruction, systematic cluster analysis and FP-Growth association analysis. ResultThe above five key pathological links in the chain of cardiovascular event chain all showed symptoms related to the disorder of Yingwei. The proportion of dampness, phlegm, blood stasis and water secondary to the disorder of Yingwei in the above five key pathological links was different, and the frequency of corresponding drug combinations was also different. ConclusionThe disorder of Yingwei is the initiating factor of cardiovascular event chain and runs through the whole process. The abnormality of Yingwei at the terminal of vessel-collateral may lead to the disorder of Qi, blood, body fluid and essence transportation and metabolism. Body fluid accumulates into dampness, dampness accumulates into phlegm, blood stagnation accumulates into blood stasis, blood stasis accumulates into water, which becomes an internal driving factor to promote the development and aggravation of cardiovascular event chain. It leads to the transmission law of Ning-Yong-Sai-Butong, which constitutes the core pathogenesis of the development and evolution of the five key pathological links of cardiovascular event chain.

13.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 919-924, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995037

ABSTRACT

Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a major cause of severe perinatal infection, stillbirth, premature delivery, and neonatal infectious diseases. Ascending infection after vaginal colonization is the main route of prenatal GBS transmission. The pathogenic mechanism of GBS from asymptomatic colonization to invasive infection mainly relates to virulence factors, the regulation of two-component systems and immune escape. This paper reviews progress in pathogenic mechanism of perinatal GBS infection in recent years, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the development of vaccines and new treatment approaches against GBS.

14.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 535-539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957423

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the efficacy and safety of radium-223 in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) with bone metastasis.Methods:The clinical data of 48 patients with mCRPC treated with radium-223(55 kBq/kg, once every 4 weeks, planned to use for 6 cycles)from February 2021 to May 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. All patients had symptomatic bone metastasis without visceral metastasis, which the number of bone metastasis was more than one site.They were all classified as IVb stage. The average age was 70.5 (ranging 49-90) years. The median PSA was 44.70(ranging 0.15-1 864.00) ng/ml. The median ALP was 162 (ranging 43-1 589) U/L. The median time from mCRPC diagnosis to radium-223 use was 10 (ranging 3-47) months. 9, 18 and 11 patients had received first-line, second-line and third-line treatment for mCRPC before enrollment respectively, 10 patients had received at least fourth-line treatment. 38 (79.1%), 31 (64.5%), 30 (62.5%) and 7 (14.6%) patients had used abiraterone, enzalutamide, docetaxel and olaparib before enrollment. The probability of PSA level decrease >30%, ALP level decrease >30%, symptom improvement rate, median overall survival (OS), as well as the occurrence of treatment-related adverse reactions and the reasons for withdraw treatment were analyzed.Results:The median follow-up time was 8 (ranging 1-16) months. 11 patients completed all 6 courses of treatment. The median number of completed courses was 4 (ranging 1-6). 27 patients (56.2%) received radium-223 and bone protection drugs (Bisphosphate/ Denosumab). PSA decreased by >30% was recorded in 10 patients (20.8%) and ALP decreased by >30% was recorded in 25 patients (52.1%). 23 cases (47.9%) reported bone pain relief during treatment. Among the 9 patients who had received first-line of mCRPC previously, 6 cases (66%) had relief of bone pain symptoms, and 4 cases (44%) had a decrease of PSA >30%. Among the 18 patients who had previously received second-line mCRPC treatment, 11 cases (61%) had relief of bone pain symptoms, and 4 cases (22%) had a decrease of PSA >30%. Among the 21 patients who had received third-line or more mCRPC treatment in the past, 6 (28.5%) had symptom relief, and 2 (9.5%) had PSA decrease >30%. The median overall survival (OS) was not reached, and the OS was estimated to be 12.5 months using the Kaplan-Meier method. The most common hematological adverse effects were thrombocytopenia (15 cases, 31.2%; grade 3 in 6 cases and grade 4 in 0), followed by leucopenia (11 cases, 22.9%; grade 3 in 4 cases and grade 4 in 1 case) and anemia (8 cases, 16.7%; grade 3 in 3 cases and grade 4 in 0). Non-hematological adverse reactions included fever in 1 case (2.1%), constipation in 4 cases (8.3%), nausea and vomiting in 10 cases (20.8%), diarrhea in 7 cases (14.6%), dizziness in 1 case (2.1%) and fatigue in 11 cases (22.9%). Seven cases were discontinued due to intolerable adverse reactions (median 2 courses), 14 cases were discontinued due to disease progression or death (median 2 courses), and 5 cases were discontinued due to other reasons (median 1 course).Conclusions:Radium-223 has a good performance in symptom control for mCRPC patients who have previously received first-line or second-line therapy. Due to the high incidence of hematological adverse reactions, more attention should be paid to the changes of hemogram during the treatment, and timely treatment should be carried out to improve the drug tolerance of patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 512-517, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957419

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze germline genetic testing in Chinese high-to very-high-risk non-metastatic prostate cancer patients.Methods:This study included 249 Chinese patients with high- to very-high-risk non-metastatic prostate cancer for germline genetic testing, in Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center, West China Hospital and Cancer Center of Sun Yat-sen University, from January 2018 to December 2022. High risk and very-high risk are termed according to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Prostate Cancer Guideline (2022 V1). The mean age of the patients was (66.7±9.2) years old and median PSA level was 28.50 (ranging 2.43 - 1481.11) ng/ml. Within these 249 patients, 84 (33.7%) were T 1-2, 98 (39.3%) were T 3-4, while 67 (26.9%) were unclear in T stage. Additionally, 51 patients (20.5%) were classified into International Society of Urological Pathology(ISUP) grade group 1-3 group and 198 patients (79.5%) were in ISUP 4-5 group. Focusing on 16 genetic susceptibility genes for prostate cancer, we interpret the germline genetic testing data in accordance with the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics and the Association for Molecular Pathology (ACMG/AMP) guideline, clarify the germline pathogenic mutation rate and elucidate the clinicopathological characteristics of germline pathogenic mutation carriers. Results:Among Chinese high-to very-high-risk non-metastatic prostate cancer patients, 7.2% (18/249) had germline pathogenic mutations. Patients with mutations had a significantly higher proportion of first-degree relatives with a history of malignancy than those without mutations (50% vs. 13%, P<0.001), but there was no difference in age of onset [(68.2±9.3)years vs. (66.6±9.2) years], PSA level (median: 40.68 ng/ml vs. 28.00 ng/ml), T stage [T 3-4: 38.9%(7/18)vs. 39.4%(91/231)] and ISUP grade [group 4-5: 88.9%(16/18) vs. 78.8%(182/231)]. Germline pathogenic mutations were observed in BRCA2 (7 patients, 38.9%), MSH2 (3 patients, 16.7%), PALB2 (2 patients, 11.1%), ATM (2 patients, 11.1%), RAD51C (1 patient, 5.6%), PMS2 (1 patient, 5.6%), MSH6 (1 patient, 5.6%) and HOXB13 (1 patient, 5.6%). By comparing with normal controls of East-Asian population, germline pathogenic mutations in BRCA2 ( OR=11.1, 95% CI 4.8-25.6, P<0.001) and MSH2 ( OR= 43.5, 95% CI 8.5-200.0, P<0.001) can significantly increase the risk of developing high- to very-high-risk prostate cancer in Chinese males. Conclusions:This study identified a germline pathogenic mutation rate of 7.2% in 249 Chinese patients with high- or very-high-risk non-metastatic prostate cancer. Carrying germline BRCA2 or MSH2 pathogenic mutations can significantly increase the risk of high- or very-high-risk prostate cancer in Chinese men.

16.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 484-489, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957414

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical value of prostate target biopsy guided by multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and 68Ga-labeled prostate specific membrane antigen ligand imaging positron emission tomography/X-ray computed tomography ( 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT) image fusion. Methods:The data of 50 patients admitted to Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center from January 2021 to February 2022 who underwent mpMRI and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT to guide prostate biopsy were retrospectively analyzed. The median age was 70 (63-79) years, the median serum tPSA value was 8.1 (6.8-83.0) ng/ml, and the prostate volume was 45.5 (30-80) ml. 36 cases were positive by mpMRI, including PI-RADS score 3 in 5 cases, 4 score in 19 cases, 5 score in 12 cases. 32 cases were positive by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT examination, of which 30 cases were double positive and the fusion of both imaging techniques was positive, referred to as PET/CT-MRI. The patient's mpMRI and 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images were imported into the MIM fusion software, and the outline of the prostate and the target area were outlined respectively. When PET/CT and MRI double positive cases were biopsied, the two images were alternately fused, calibrated and locked with the real-time prostate ultrasound interface(PET/CT-MRI). Single-positive cases were guided by positive images to complete targeted biopsy, and 12-needle systematic biopsies were completed after targeted biopsy and double-negative cases. The advantages of targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy was evaluated, and the diagnostic performance (sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value) was analyzed. Results:Among the 50 biopsy patients in this group, 31 (62%) had prostate cancer, of which 22 (44%) were CsPCa. There was no significant difference in the detection rate of prostate cancer between targeted biopsy and systematic biopsy [78.9% (30/38) and 62.0% (31/50), P=0.088], and there was no significant difference in the detection rate of CsPCa [57.9% (22/38) and 40.0% (20/50), P=0.096]. The positive rate of the biopsy needles number was significantly different [86.3% (69/80) and 19.0% (114/ 600), P<0.001]. The detection rates of prostate cancer in mpMRI positive, PET/CT positive and PET/CT-MRI positive cases were 83.3% (30/36), 90.6% (29/32) and 96.6% (29/30) respectively, the detection rates of CsPCa were 61.1% (22/36), 68.8% (22/32) and 73.3% (22/30) respectively.The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of mpMRI in the diagnosis of prostate cancer were 96.8%(30/31), 68.4%(13/19), 83.3%(30/36)and 92.9%(13/14), respectively.Those values in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT were 93.5%(29/31), 84.2%(16/19), 90.6%(29/32)and 88.9%(16/18), respectively.Those values in PET/CT-MRI were 93.8%(29/31), 94.7%(18/19), 96.7%(29/30)and 90.0%(18/20), respectively. The above four indicators of mpMRI diagnosis of CsPCa were 100.0%(22/22), 50.0%(14/28), 61.1%(22/36)and 100.0%(14/14), respectively.Those indicators in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT were 100.0%(22/22), 64.3%(18/28), 68.8%(22/32)and 100.0%(18/18), respectively.Those indicators in PET/CT-MRI was 100.0%(22/22), 71.4%(20/28), 73.2%(22/30)and 100.0%(20/20), respectively. The detection efficiency of PET/CT-MRI was better than that of mpMRI (Kappa value was 0.737, P=0.031). Conclusions:PET/CT-MRI image fusion-guided targeted prostate biopsy can effectively improve the detection efficiency of prostate cancer and clinically significant prostate cancer, and increase the positive rate.

17.
Chinese Journal of Neonatology ; (6): 423-428, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the neurodevelopmental outcomes and risk factors of premature infants with gestational age (GA) <34 weeks.Methods:From June 2016 to June 2018, premature infants with GA<34 weeks admitted to the Neonatology Department of our hospital were retrospectively reviewed. Bayley Scales of Infant DevelopmentⅡwas used to assess the neurodevelopmental outcomes at corrected GA 18~24 months. The incidence of neurodevelopmental impairment (NDI) was determined. Mental developmental index (MDI) and psychomotor developmental index (PDI) were calculated. The infants were assigned into three groups according to their MDI and PDI scores:≥85 group, 70~84 group and <70 group. Risk factors of low MDI and PDI scores were analyzed.Results:A total of 202 premature infants with GA<34 weeks were included, including 131 males (64.9%) and 71 females (35.1%). 91 cases (45.0%) developed NDI, including 77 mild NDI (38.1%) and 14 severe NDI (6.9%). Univariate analysis found that the incidences of severe asphyxia, multiple births, Grad≥3 ROP and endotracheal intubation in the MDI<70 group were higher. At corrected GA 40 weeks, 3, 6, 12 months, MDI<70 group showed less cases of head circumference >-2SD. PDI<70 group had higher incidences of intrauterine distress, maternal gestational hypertension, multiple birth, Grade 3~4 RDS, Grade 3~4 germinal matrix-intraventricular hemorrhage and tracheal intubation ( P<0.05). Logistic regression showed gestational hypertension, history of tracheal intubation and invasive ventilation were the risk factors for low PDI score ( OR=9.176, 4.547 and 3.227, P<0.05). The head circumference >-2SD at corrected age 6m was protective factor for low MDI and PDI scores ( OR=0.063 and 0.041, P<0.001). Conclusions:Preterm infants with GA<34 weeks are likely to develop severe NDI. Avoiding unnecessary tracheal intubation and invasive ventilation and improving gestational hypertension management may be beneficial to the neurodevelopmental outcomes of preterm infants.

18.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 631-636, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927253

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To establish an optimized path for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women based on a Delphi method, so as to provide the evidence for intensifying the interruption of the mother-to-child transmission of HBV.@*Methods@#Based on literature review and previous studies, the preliminary framework and contents of the optimized path for health management of HBV infections were constructed. Experts from epidemiology, clinical medicine and maternal and children healthcare were invited to participate in two-round Delphi consultations, and the preliminarily designed indicators were screened and revised. The score for feasibility of each indicator was calculated, and the weight of each indicator was estimated using a proportional distribution method.@*Results@#Sixteen experts participated in the consultation, including 13 women. The participants had a mean age of (45.69±5.71) years, and a mean employment duration of (23.06±7.05) years. All participants had a degree of bachelor and above, and there were 14 experts with vice senior professional titles. The mean positive coefficient was 96.88% and the mean authority coefficient was 0.790 during the two-round expert consultations. There were significant differences in the coordination coefficient of importance, necessity and feasibility of indicators at all levels (P<0.05), and the coefficient of variation of the feasibility was all less than 0.250. The final optimized path for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women included 6 primary indicators, 17 secondary indictors and 73 tertiary indicators. Among the primary indicators, delivery management (0.173 4), screening and evaluation (0.172 8) and pregnancy management (0.172 7) had a high weight.@*Conclusion@#A scientific and reliable optimized path is created for health management of HBV infections among pregnant and lying-in women, which has a potential value for improving the interruption of mother-to-child transmission of HBV.

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Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 496-502, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923704

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the serum levels of anti-measles antibody among residents in Zhejiang Province in 2018, so as to provide insights into measles control.@*Methods@#Permanent residents aged 0 to 59 years were recruited using the stratified multistage random sampling method in Zhejiang Province in 2018, and subjects' demographic features, medical history of measles and history of immunization with measles-containing vaccine (MCV) were collected using a questionnaire survey. The serum level of anti-measles IgG antibody was detected, and the geometric mean concentration (GMC) of anti-measles IgG antibody was estimated. The seroprevalence, protective rate and GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody were compared among residents at different age groups and regions.@*Results@#A total of 4 189 residents were enrolled, including 1 939 males and 2 250 females, with a male to female ratio of 1∶1.16. There were 3 858 residents positive for anti-measles IgG antibody, with seroprevalence of 92.10%, and there were 2 072 residents with protective antibodies against measles, with a protective rate of 49.46%. The median GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody was 798.33 (interquartile range, 1 024.06) mIU/mL, and the protective rate of anti-measles IgG antibody appeared a tendency towards a decline with age ( χ2trend=18.067, P<0.001 ). There were significant differences in the seroprevalence ( χ2=45.090, P<0.001 ), protective rate ( χ2=57.432, P<0.001 ) and GMC of anti-measles IgG antibody (χ2=88.624, P<0.001 ) among residents at different regions, with the lowest seroprevalence of anti-measles IgG antibody in Ningbo City ( 85.19% ), the lowest antibody-protective rate (38.98%) and the lowest GMC [632.89 ( 909.04 ) mIU/mL] in Zhoushan City, the highest seroprevalence ( 95.16% ), antibody-protective rate (58.48%) and GMC [1 035.84 ( 1 301.77 ) mIU/mL] in Huzhou City.@*Conclusions@# The protective rate of anti-measles antibody was low and appeared a tendency towards a decline among residents in Zhejiang Province in 2018. There was a region-specific serum level of anti-measles antibody in Zhejiang Province in 2018.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 397-400, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885033

ABSTRACT

DNA damage repair gene mutations are prevalent in advanced prostate cancer. Among these, mutations in homologous recombination repair genes could impair the ability of cell to restore the DNA double-strand break, which can be exploited by Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitors through synthetic lethality and result in cell death. The phase Ⅲ study " PROfound" showed that the PAPR inhibitor Olaparib could significantly improve the survival of patients with homologous recombination repair gene mutations compared with novel hormone agents, starting the era of targeted, precise and individualized treatment based on genetic profile detection for prostate cancer treatment.

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