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Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361852


A 72-year-old man with a thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm combined with an aberrant right subclavian artery, Kommerell's diverticulum, and angina pectoris during follow-up for peripheral arterial disease was successfully treated surgically by two-staged operation. First, we performed total arch replacement using cardiopulmonary bypass, systemic hypothermia, selective cerebral perfusion, and coronary artery bypass grafting. Secondly, we performed replacement of the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm using a partial cardiopulmonary bypass. The postoperative course was uneventful. This is apparently the first case of repair for the thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm combined with an aberrant right subclavian artery and Kommerell's diverticulum.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-361821


A 71-year-old man had sudden onset of left lower limb swelling and consulted an orthopedic surgeon 14 days later. Venous echography demonstrated compression of the left iliac vein and the thrombus of the common iliac vein. After emergency admission, conservative therapy was given for 7 days, but the symptoms did not sufficiently diminish and a thrombus was also present. We therefore performed femoro-iliac cross-over vein bypass using a 10mm ringed ePTFE graft. Symptoms were completely improved and the graft was shown to be patent by echography after 3 months.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367249


Pulse wave velocity is widely used as an index of arterial stiffness. The aim of this study is to assess the usefulness of pulse wave velocity as a risk factor in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting. Arterial stiffness was measured by brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) and the ratio of the patient's baPWV to the age-matched normal value was calculated in 42 CABG patients. Age and male/female ratios were 66.7 years and 33/9, respectively. baPWV (1, 820.7±459.8cm/s) was higher in CABG patients than that in age-matched normal value. Preoperatively, the baPWV ratio in the group with the history of cerebrovascular disease was significantly higher than that in the group who had no cerebrovascular disease (<i>p</i><0.05). In contrast, the baPWV ratio did not correlate to the severity of other cardiovascular diseases. There was one (2.4%) in-hospital death and 23 incidences of postoperative complication in 16 patients. The baPWV ratio in the group with postoperative complications was significantly higher than that in the group with no complications (1.38±0.33 vs. 1.16±0.22; <i>p</i><0.05). In this study, baPWV in CABG patients was higher compared with that in the age-matched general population, indicating the existence of atherosclerotic vascular changes. The elevated bePWV is also a risk factor of postoperative complications in patients who have undergone CABG.

Article in Japanese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-367232


A 16-year-old high school boy experienced intermittent claudication of his left lower limb during boxing training. Physical examination revealed a cold left foot and diminished pulse. A 64-row multi-slice CT (MSCT) demonstrated lateral shift and severe stenosis of the left popliteal artery due to malposition of the medial head of the gastrocnemius muscle. A diagnosis of popliteal artery entrapment syndrome (Delaney type II) was established and a surgical correction was planned. During surgery, since the artery was found to be compressed but not occluded, we simply released the popliteal artery by division of the medial head of the gastrocnemius and abnormal flips of muscle. The postoperative ankle brachial pressure index rose from “not measurable” to 1.22. MSCT was useful to characterize this anomaly by expressing the precise anatomical relation of muscle, bone and artery, which was a good guide for an appropriate surgical intervention.