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1.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1018-1023, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013216

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To investigate the current application status and implementation difficulties of extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) in children with sudden cardiac arrest. Methods: This cross-sectional survey was conducted in 35 hospitals. A Children's ECPR Information Questionnaire on the implementation status of ECPR technology (abbreviated as the questionnaire) was designed, to collect the data of 385 children treated with ECPR in the 35 hospitals. The survey extracted the information about development of ECPR, the maintenance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) machine, the indication of ECPR, and the difficulties of implementation in China. These ECPR patients were grouped based on their age, the hospital location and level, to compare the survival rates after weaning and discharge. The statistical analysis used Chi-square test and one-way analysis of variance for the comparison between the groups, LSD method for post hoc testing, and Bonferroni method for pairwise comparison. Results: Of the 385 ECPR cases, 224 were males and 161 females. There were 185 (48.1%) survival cases after weaning and 157 (40.8%) after discharge. There were 324 children (84.2%) receiving ECPR for cardiac disease and 27 children (7.0%) for respiratory failure. The primary cause of death in ECPR patients was circulatory failure (82 cases, 35.9%), followed by brain failure (80 cases, 35.0%). The most common place of ECPR was intensive care unit (ICU) (278 cases, 72.2%); ECPR catheters were mostly inserted through incision (327 cases, 84.9%). There were 32 hospitals (91.4%) had established ECMO emergency teams, holding 125 ECMO machines in total. ECMO machines mainly located in ICU (89 pieces, 71.2%), and the majority of hospitals (32 units, 91.4%) did not have pre-charged loops. There were no statistically significant differences in the post-withdrawal and post-discharge survival rates of ECPR patients among different age groups, regions, and hospitals (all P>0.05). The top 5 difficulties in implementing ECPR in non-ICU environments were lack of ECMO machines (16 times), difficulty in placing CPR pipes (15 times), long time intervals between CPR and ECMO transfer (13 times), lack of conventional backup ECMO loops (10 times), and inability of ECMO emergency teams to quickly arrive at the site (5 times). Conclusion: ECPR has been gradually developed in the field of pediatric critical care in China, and needs to be further standardized. ECPR in non-ICU environment remains a challenge.


Subject(s)
Child , Female , Humans , Male , Aftercare , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Cross-Sectional Studies , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control , East Asian People , Heart Arrest/therapy , Patient Discharge , Retrospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960931

ABSTRACT

Digestive tract diseases, especially digestive tract tumors, including liver cancer, pancreatic cancer, and colorectal cancer, have high incidence in China. Digestive tract tumor is one of the top 10 cancers in terms of the number of new cases and deaths in the world, and the incidence and mortality of tumor diseases have been increasing year by year. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of tumors is particularly important. With the application and promotion of traditional Chinese medicine in the medical field and the rapid development of molecular biology and pharmacology, more and more potential active components of Chinese medicinal materials have been extracted and studied. These active components can inhibit tumor cells in a multi-target and multi-pathway manner. Cinobufotalin is an effective component extracted from the skin of Bufo bufo gargarizans. It has been prepared into a variety of agents with anti-tumor, immunomodulatory, cardiac boosting, pain-easing, anti-inflammatory, and swelling-relieving activities. In clinical practice, cinobufotalin is mainly used to assist the treatment of liver cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer and other malignant tumors, which can reduce the adverse reactions of patients in the middle and late stages and improve the quality of life and five-year survival rate of patients. The available studies of molecular mechanism have demonstrated that cinobufotalin can play a therapeutic role by inducing cell apoptosis, regulating cell cycle, inhibiting cell proliferation and angiogenesis, modulating immune response, reversing multidrug resistance, enhancing radiochemotherapy sensitivity, inhibiting tumor inflammation, invasion, and metastasis, etc. This review focuses on the clinical application and mechanism of cinobufotalin against digestive tract tumors in recent years, aiming to provide a theoretical basis for the anti-tumor research of cinobufotalin, promote the application of cinobufotalin in tumor treatment, and facilitate the further research and development of this compound.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-955140

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the experience on accurate prevention and control of children′s emergency department during the epidemic of novel coronavirus Omicron variant.Methods:We retrospectively analyzed the strategies and management experience of emergency prevention and control of novel coronavirus infection in emergency department at Children′s Hospital of Fudan University from March to May 2022.Results:As a designated hospital for treating pediatric patients who contracted novel coronavirus in Shanghai, the emergency department in our hospital was confronted with the dual pressure of critical patients treatment and pandemic prevention and control.We carefully studied a series of laws and regulations, as well as the newest edition of Chinese clinical guidance for novel coronavirus pneumonia diagnosis and treatment, and combined with the characteristics of novel coronavirus infection in children, then formulated the independent emergency department, fever clinics and novel coronavirus clinics; Updated the emergency department pre-examination triage process, the precautions pratice of clinical stuffs and disfection strategy, and established the second emergency department.From the beginning of March to the end of May 2022, a total of about 12 000 patients were admitted to the emergency department in our hospital, including 704 patients in the resuscitation room, 652 patients in the observation room, and 164 patients in the emergency ward.There were six patients with novel coronavirus infection in the emergency department.Neither nosocomial infection nor occupational exposure occurred.Conclusion:After 3 months of practice, the results showed that it can fully guarantee the timely treatment of critically ill children and achieved zero cross-infection in the hospital, which has important reference significance for the treatment of children, epidemic prevention, control during the novel coronavirus epidemic.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942876

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effectiveness, safety, and prognosis of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT) for Siewert type II and III adenocarcinomas of the esophagogastric junction (AEG). Methods: This study is a prospective randomized controlled clinical study (NCT01962246). AEG patients who were treated at the Third Department of Surgery of the Fourth Hospital of Hebei Medical University from February 2012 to June 2016 were included. All of the enrolled patients were diagnosed with type II or III locally advanced AEG gastric cancer (T2-4N0-3M0 or T1N1-3M0) by gastroscopy and CT before operation; the longitudinal axis of the lesion was ≤ 8 cm; no anti-tumor treatment was previously given and no contraindications of chemotherapy and surgery were found. Case exclusion criteria: serious diseases accompanied by liver and kidney, cardiovascular system and other vital organs; allergy to capecitabine or oxaliplatin drugs or excipients; receiving any form of chemotherapy or other research drugs; pregnant or lactating women; patients with diseases resulting in difficulty to take capecitabine or with concurrent tumors. Based on sample size estimation, a total of 150 AEG patients were enrolled. Using the random number table method, the enrolled patients were divided into the nCRT group and the direct operation group with 75 cases in each group. The nCRT group received XELOX chemotherapy (capecitabine+ oxaliplatin) before surgery and concurrent radiotherapy (45 Gy, 25 times, 1.8 Gy/d, 5 times/week). Clinical efficacy of the nCRT group was evaluated by the solid tumor efficacy evaluation standard (RECIST1.1) and the tumor volume reduction rate was measured on CT. After completing the preoperative examination in the direct operation group, and 8-10 weeks after the end of nCRT in the nCRT group, surgery was performed. Laparoscopic exploration was initially performed. According to the Japanese "Regulations for the Treatment of Gastric Cancer", a transabdominal radical total gastrectomy combined with perigastric lymph node dissection was performed. The primary outcome was the 3-year overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival rate (DFS); the secondary outcomes were R0 resection rate, the toxicity of chemotherapy, and surgical complications. The follow-up ended on December 31, 2019. The postoperative recurrence, metastasis and survival time of the two groups were collected. Results: After excluding patients with incomplete clinical data, patients or family members requesting to withdraw informed consent, and those failing to follow the treatment plan, 63 cases in the nCRT group and 69 cases in the direct operation group were finally enrolled in the study. There were no statistically significant differences in baseline characteristics of the two groups (all P>0.05). Sixty-three patients in the nCRT group were evaluated by RECIST1.1 after treatment, the image based effective rate was 42.9% (27/63), and the stable disease rate was 98.4% (62/63); the tumor volume before and after nCRT measured on CT was (58.8±24.4) cm(3) and (46.6±25.7) cm(3), respectively, the effective rate of tumor volume reduction measured by CT was 47.6% (30/63). Incidences of neutrophilopenia [65.1% (41/63) vs. 40.6% (28/69), χ(2)=7.923, P=0.005], nausea [81.0% (51/63) vs. 56.5% (39/69), χ(2)=9.060, P=0.003] and fatigue [74.6% (47/63) vs. 42.0% (29/69), χ(2)=14.306, P=0.001] in the nCRT group were significantly higher than those in the direct surgery group. Radiation gastritis/esophagitis and radiation pneumonia were unique adverse reactions in the nCRT group, with incidences of 52.4% (33/63) and 15.9%(10/63), respectively. The classification of tumor regression of 63 patients in nCRT group presented as 11 cases of grade 0 (17.5%), 20 cases of grade 1 (31.7%), 28 cases of grade 2 (44.4%), and 5 cases of grade 3 (7.9%). Eleven (17.5%) patients achieved pathologic complete response. Sixty-one (96.8%) patients in the nCRT group underwent R0 resection, which was higher than 87.0% (60/69) in the direct surgery group (χ(2)=4.199, P=0.040). The mean number of harvested lymph nodes in the specimens in the nCRT group and the direct operation group was 27.6±12.4 and 26.8±14.6, respectively, and the difference was not statistically significant (t=-0.015, P=0.976). The pathological lymph node metastasis rate and lymph node ratio in the two groups were 44.4% (28/63) vs. 76.8% (53/69), and 4.0% (70/1 739) vs. 21.9% (404/1 847), respectively with statistically significant differences (χ(2)=14.552, P<0.001, and χ(2)=248.736, P<0.001, respectively). During a median follow-up of 52 (27-77) months, the 3-year DFS rate in the nCRT group and the direct surgery group was 52.4% and 39.1% (P=0.049), and the 3-year OS rate was 63.4% and 52.2% (P=0.019), respectively. According to whether the tumor volume reduction rate measured by CT was ≥ 12.5%, 63 patients in the nCRT group were divided into the effective group (n=30) and the ineffective group (n=33). The 3-year DFS rate of these two subgracps was 56.6% and 45.5%, respectively without significant difference (P=0.098). The 3-year OS rate was 73.3% and 51.5%,respectively with significant difference (P=0.038). The 3-year DFS rate of patients with the tumor regression grades 0, 1, 2 and 3 was 81.8%, 70.0%, 44.4%, and 20.0%, repectively (P=0.024); the 3-year OS rate was 81.8%, 75.0%, 48.1% and 40.0%, repectively (P=0.048). Conclusion: nCRT improves treatment efficacy of Siewert type II and III AEG patients, and the long-term prognosis is good.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma/therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Capecitabine/administration & dosage , Chemoradiotherapy, Adjuvant , Esophagogastric Junction/surgery , Gastrectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Staging , Oxaliplatin/administration & dosage , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of body temperature, pediatric clinical illness score(PCIS), white blood cell count (WBC), plasma C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT) and pro-adrenomedullin (pro-ADM) in predicting nosocomial infection in PICU.Methods:From June 2016 to March 2017, the critically ill children in PICU of Children′s Hospital of Fudan University were selected and divided into nosocomial infection group and non nosocomial infection group according to the diagnostic criteria of nosocomial infection.The body temperature, PCIS, WBC, CRP, PCT and pro-ADM were recorded at 4 hours (T1), (48±1) hours (T2), (120±1) hours (T3) and (192±1) hours (T4) after admission, and their predictive value of each index, which was the closest time point (Th) to nosocomial infection was analyzed.Receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curves were performed to calculate the areas under the curves (AUC), sensitivity and specificity, and multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to study the risk factors of nosocomial infection.Results:A total of 85 cases were included, including 27 cases in nosocomial infection group and 58 cases in non nosocomial infection group.There was no significant difference in age, weight, body temperature, WBC, PCT, pro-ADM, primary disease and invasive operation between two groups (all P>0.05). There were significant differences in gender, PCIS, CRP, intubation rate and central venous catheterization rate ( P<0.05), when patients were admitted to PICU.At Th, the differences of body temperature, PCIS, CRP, PCT and pro-ADM between two groups were statistically significant ( P<0.05), as well as the AUC were 0.787, 0.755, 0.709, 0.704 and 0.809, respectively, as well as the best cut-off values for predicting nosocomial infection were 38.0 ℃, 87 points, 14.5 mg/L, 0.28 ng/mL and 0.67 nmol/L, respectively.There was no significant difference regarding WBC between two groups ( P>0.05). PCIS may be an independent risk factor for nosocomial infection( OR=0.978, 95% CI 95.9-99.9, P<0.05). Conclusion:Pro-ADM has high sensitivity and specificity in predicting nosocomial infection, and PCIS is an independent risk factor for nosocomial infection.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908343

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effect of different teaching modes in medical students′education of cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR)skills.Methods:One hundred and fifty college students were randomly allocated to classroom teaching group(G1=50), problem-based learning(PBL)group(G2=50) and computer-based teaching group(G3=50)from March to December in 2019.The students′acquisition and retention of theoretical knowledge and skills were assessed before(baseline)and after the teaching(immediately), then 2 months and 6 months later.Results:One hundred and fifty college students participated in the study.Among them, 84(56.0%)were male, with an average age of 23 years old.Sixteen students(10.7%)had participated in similar CPR training.There was no significant statistical difference in the demographic characteristics of students among three groups.At four time points including baseline, after teaching(immediately), 2 months and 6 months later, there was no significant difference in the theoretical examination results among three groups( P>0.05). But after teaching, the scores of each group were improved.At the second time point(after teaching immediately), each group had the highest scores( P<0.05). Compared the scores of the second point, the ones of the third time point(2 months later after teaching)and the fourth time point(6 months later after teaching)decreased, but there was no significant difference between the two time points( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the pass rates of skill exam at the time point of baseline among three groups( P>0.05). The pass rates of G2 and G3 were significantly higher than those of G1 at 2 and 6 months later after teaching( P<0.05), but there was no significant difference between two groups.After teaching, the passing rate of each group was significantly higher than that of the baseline, and there were significant differences in the passing rates of any other time points after teaching, with the passing rate decreasing.Students′ feedback showed that all of them could clearly understand the teaching objective and accept the difficulty of the course, and PBL and computer teaching modes were more acceptable. Conclusion:PBL and computer-based teaching modes have better learning effectiveness and acceptance, which can be used as supplemental training to conventional classroom teaching or as strategies to consolidate learning.Two months may be the time point for retraining.

7.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 1081-1087, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the pathological features of a heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) model, which is established by spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) through high-fat diet and diabetic factors.Methods:Twenty specific pathogen-free grade(SPF grade) and 14-week-old SHR rats were randomly divided into SHR group (normal diet) and HFpEF group [high-fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 25 mg/kg) were used to create a diabetic complex model] with 10 rats in each group. Ten SPF and 14-week-old WKY rats with the same genetic background were set as blank control group (WKY group). All rats were fed for 8 weeks. Echocardiography was performed to measure cardiac parameters: peak velocity of early diastolic mitral inflow(E), peak velocity of late diastolic mitral inflow(A), and the early diastolic mitral annulus e′ in the same cardiac cycle, left atrial ejection fraction (LAEF), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left atrial diameter, right atrial diameter and interventricular septal thickness(IVST). Serological testing included glucose (GLU) and glycosylated serum protein (GSP); Enzyme-linked immunoassay (ELISA) testing included insulin (INS), glucagon (PG), C-peptide (CP), leptin (LEP), atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and B-type brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). The rat heart tissue was stained with HE, and the morphological changes of atrial/ventricular tissue were observed under an optical microscope.Results:The pathological characteristics of HFpEF was established in SHR rats fed with high fat and diabetes. Echocardiography showed that compared with the WKY group, the values of E, E/A and E/e′ in the HFpEF group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and e′and LAEF were significantly reduced (all P<0.01). In the HFpEF group, the anteroposterior and tranverse dimensions of the left atrium and the long-axis dimension of the right atrium increased to varying degrees (all P<0.05), and the IVST was also significantly increased ( P<0.01). At the same time, atrial wall was thickened obviously, myocardial cells were disordered, and myocardial fibers were broken. Compared with the WKY group, the levels of serum markers ANP and BNP in HFpEF group were significantly increased (all P<0.01), and the levels of serum insulin-related indicators INS, PG, CP, LEP, GSP, and GLU increased to varying degrees (all P<0.01). Conclusions:The composite model established by SHR rats through high-fat diet and diabetic factors can simulate the Doppler echocardiographic changes and pathological features of HFpEF, as well as abnormal changes in serum related markers and insulin indicators.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883202

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effectiveness of integrated pediatric training course of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation(ECMO)based on simulation teaching.Methods:The instructors of ECMO team of Children′s Hospital of Fudan University developed the teaching curriculum.Team members as a unit were recruited to study simulation-based courses, whose theoretical knowledge, skills and teamwork were assessed, and feedback from the trainees were gathered.Results:Since May 2018, 22 teams of pediatric specialized hospitals or general hospitals have taken part in our ECMO simulation, with totally 132 participants, including 45 ICU doctors(34.1%), 60 ICU nurses(45.5%), 23 thoracic surgeons(17.4%) and four anesthesiologists(3.0%). Twelve of them(9.1%)had a little ECMO experience.After training, the trainees had a high evaluation on each part of the course, with average score more than four, of which the theoretical score was lowest.Their self-evaluation on the theory, skills, teamwork and confidence in the implementation of ECMO had been significantly improved.Most(80.3%)of the trainees were confident to carry out ECMO in their local hospitals.The trainees′ baseline score of theoretical knowledge was 55.2±7.6, and increased to 67.1±7.3 after training( P<0.001). The average teamwork score of the 22 teams was 70.2±8.2, and the qualified rate was up to 86.4%.The most prominent skill problems in operation assessment were no albumin and blood priming(90.9%), non-skill problems were extremely anxious during the overall assessment(84.8%)of the participants, poor team work(74.2%), poor leadership(68.2%). For the feedback of the whole course, 97.0% and 94.7% of the trainees thought that integrated training and simulation teaching were the highlights of the course.At present, 13(59.1%)units have successfully developed ECMO technology after the course, and the number of children treated has been up to 83, with a survival rate of discharge of 54.2%.However, it was found that the skill level of some participants decreased about 2 weeks after the course. Conclusion:As a new attempt of ECMO teaching, this curriculum has achieved certain efficiency in both teaching and clinical practice.At the same time, our study also plays a role in promoting the development of ECMO in pediatrics.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880174

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To retrospectively analyze the efficacy and safety of pegylated recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PEG-rhG-CSF) in hematopoietic stem cell mobilization in 71 normal healthy donors for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT).@*METHODS@#From March 2018 to July 2019, 71 patients received allo-HSCT in The General Hospital of Western Theater Command were enrolled in the study, a single dose of PEG-rhG-CSF was injected subcutaneously at 12 mg to all the stem cell donors. After injection for 4 days, CD34@*RESULTS@#Seventy-one healthy stem cell donors included 39 males and 32 females with a median age of 38 (16-58) years old. The median number of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#For allo-HSCT donor mobilization, PEG-rh-G-CSF is effective, safe, and convenient, providing more options for HSC mobilization.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD34 , Graft vs Host Disease , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Mobilization , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Recombinant Proteins , Retrospective Studies
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-864240

ABSTRACT

The application of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in critically ill children has increased gradually.ECMO can achieve the maximum oxygen delivery, but it is not a radical treatment.It is applicable to heart and/or lung failure refractory that cannot be treated by the conventional therapy.In this article, the principle, protocols, critical care use and therapeutic scheme of ECMO were elucidated.Meticulous team management is warranted in the in the ECMO implement process.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782534

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@# Many controversies still exist regarding ventilator parameters during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). This study aimed to investigate the CPR ventilation strategies currently being used among physicians in Chinese tertiary hospitals.@*METHODS@# A survey was conducted among the cardiac arrest team physicians of 500 tertiary hospitals in China in August, 2018. Surveyed data included physician and hospital information, and preferred ventilation strategy during CPR.@*RESULTS@# A total of 438 (88%) hospitals completed the survey, including hospitals from all 31 Chinese mainland provinces. About 41.1% of respondents chose delayed or no ventilation during CPR, with delayed ventilations all starting within 12 minutes. Of all the respondents who provided ventilation, 83.0% chose to strictly follow the 30:2 strategy, while 17.0% chose ventilations concurrently with uninterrupted compressions. Only 38.3% respondents chose to intubate after initiating CPR, while 61.7% chose to intubate immediately when resuscitation began. During bag- valve-mask ventilation, only 51.4% of respondents delivered a frequency of 10 breaths per minute. In terms of ventilator settings, the majority of respondents chose volume control (VC) mode (75.2%), tidal volume of 6–7 mL/kg (72.1%), PEEP of 0–5 cmH2O (69.9%), and an FiO2 of 100% (66.9%). However, 62.0% of respondents had mistriggers after setting the ventilator, and 51.8% had high pressure alarms.@*CONCLUSION@#There is a great amount of variability in CPR ventilation strategies among cardiac arrest team physicians in Chinese tertiary hospitals. Guidelines are needed with specific recommendations on ventilation during CPR.

12.
Chinese Journal of Plastic Surgery ; (6): 1063-1069, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801076

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the feasibility and accuracy using digital surgical guide to position the jaws in bimaxillary orthognathic surgery.@*Methods@#16 patients with dento-maxillofacial deformity were included from January to December 2018 in Nanjing Stomatological Hospital. There were 10 males and 6 females, all of which were skeletal Ⅲ deformity. The mean age was 21.3 years old (16 to 28 years). They were divided into digital guide (group A) and traditional model surgery (group B) according to the treatment sequence. All patients underwent both Lefort Ⅰ osteotomy and bilateral ascending sagittal split. Virtual surgery was performed and digital three-dimensional surgical template was printed before surgery in group A. During the operation, digital surgical templates were used to position maxilla and mandible. The accuracy was evaluated by generating color distribution map of deviation grade, which was imaging fusion of virtual surgical jaw position and actual surgical jaw position to measure the deviation distance of each marker point one week after surgery. The deviations between the preoperative design and the actual operation were compared with the t-test respectively in group A and group B, and the independent sample t test was chosen to compared the accuracy of reduction between the two groups in sagittal, horizontal, and vertical directions.@*Results@#All 16 patients had primary healing. The maximum deviation of the patients in group A was at U6. The deviation direction was vertical, and the deviation distance was (1.67±0.32) mm. In group A, the deviation distances of all marker points in the sagittal, horizontal and vertical directions were (0.55±0.26) mm (t=2.985, P=0.205), (0.62±0.20) mm (t=2.672, P=0.193) and (1.07±0.62) mm (t=5.122, P=0.823), respectively. The result in group B was (0.63±0.28) mm(t=3.397, P=0.307), (0.71±0.42) mm (t=4.438, P=0.541) and (1.82±0.36) mm (t=1.115, P=0.021) in these directions. There was no significant difference between two groups in the sagittal (t=4.704, P=0.763) and lateral (t=4.008, P=0.615) directions, and the difference in the vertical (t=1.432, P=0.037) direction was statistically significant.@*Conclusions@#The digital guides were feasible to position jaws accurately in orthognathic surgery.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771537

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of different processes of Crotonis Fructus on fatty oil, total protein and intestinal toxicity, three kinds of processed products (heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum, non-heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum and diluted Crotonis Semen Pulveratum) were prepared. Mice were orally given Crotonis Fructus. The content of DAO and D-lactic acid in the serum were measured by ELISA to investigate the change of intestinal permeability in mice. Western blot was used to determine the expressions of tight junction proteins (occludin, claudin-1) in different intestinal tract, so as to observe the effect of Crotonis Fructus and its processed products on intestinal epithelial barrier. These results showed that Crotonis Fructus could significantly increase the intestinal permeability and reduce the expression of tight junction proteins in duodenum and jejunum, but with little impact on the ileum and colon. The intestinal permeability and the expression of tight junction proteins became normal after processing. However, the order of the toxicity of Crotonis Semen Pulveratum from high to low was non-heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum > diluted Crotonis Semen Pulveratum≈4heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum. According to the results of composition, the composition of fatty oil did not change during the processing, but the content and composition of total protein in Crotonis Semen Pulveratum changed significantly. The order of total protein content from high to low was that non-heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum > heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum > diluted Crotonis Semen Pulveratum. The molecular weight distribution of the total protein bands of non-heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum and diluted Crotonis Semen Pulveratum was consistent, but the composition of total protein of heat Crotonis Semen Pulveratum significantly changed as evidenced by decreased and thin some stripes. This indicated that heating and dilution could reduce the content of total protein, and heating could cause partial protein denaturation and inactivation. In conclusion, both dilution and heating can reduce the toxicity of Crotonis Fructus, but the heating shows a more significant attenuation effect, indicating that heating is the key step in Crotonis Semen Pulveratum preparation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Fruit , Ileum , Intestinal Mucosa , Intestines , Jejunum , Occludin , Permeability
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to analyze the compositions of main bile acids in fermented and mixed processing products of arisame cum bile from pig bile, and to establish a method for content determination of bile acids in fermented Arisaema Cum Bile. Fermented and mixed processing products were prepared from arisaematis rhizome and arisaematis rhizoma preparatum with pig bile respectively. Then the differences in bile acids compositions between such two kinds of products were compared by high performance liquid chromatography and evaporative light-scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD). With three kinds of free bile acid compositions as the indicators, HPLC-ELSD method was adopted to determine the content of bile acid compositions in fermented product,on Agilent Eclipse XDB C₁₈(4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm) chromatographic column, with acetonitrile and 0.1% glacial acetic acid solution (55:45) as mobile phase, at a flow rate of 1 mL·min⁻¹, column temperature of 30 °C, drift tube temperature of 90 °C, and a nitrogen flow rate of 2.2 mL·min⁻¹. The results showed that the bile acids in fermented bile Arisaema were mainly in a free form, while in mixed processing product, the compositions were mainly in a conjugated form. Three kinds of free bile acids, namely porcine cholic acid (HCA), porcine deoxycholic acid (HDCA) and chenodeoxycholic acid (CDCA) in fermented product, showed a good linear relationship in the range of quantification. The average recovery rate was 95.99%-104.3%, complying with the requirements. The results showed that the conjugated bile acids could be transformed into free bile acids during the fermentation of arisaema cum bile. This established method can effectively control the content of bile acids compositions in fermenting arisaema cum bile.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arisaema , Bile , Bile Acids and Salts , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Fermentation , Swine
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698937

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate whether bedside simulation teaching can improve the ability to deal with critical situation in systematic and standardized way in junior medical staff,and the effect of differ-ent debriefing methods on training. Methods According to the different debriefing methods,the health care staff,as a team of 6 persons,were divided into 3 groups by randomized block method( control group,tradi-tional debriefing group and immediate debriefing group) . Each team would run 3 cases,which had the same degree of difficulty. The different scores of running case and key skills according to the goal of exam would be recorded before and after debriefing,and 1 month later respectively. We evaluated the clinical ability of medical team before and after simulation, and the ability of skill maintenance after 1 month, and effect of different debriefing methods. Results There were 54 teams(each group had 18 teams),including 270 per-sons,participated in this study. The scores of running case and key skills were all improved after a series of simulation training in each team of any group. The difference was statistically significant(P< 0. 05). There was no significant difference among the 3 groups in the scores of running case and key skills ( P>0. 05 ) , when medical teams run case 1. After debriefing,medical teams run case 2 and case 3,the scores of running case and endotracheal intubation skills were significantly improved ( P <0. 05 ) . There was no significant difference between cardiopulmonary resuscitation and intraosseous infusion(P>0. 05). There was no signifi-cant difference between different debriefing methods after running case 2 and case 3(P>0. 05). Conclusion Bedside simulation training has a good clinical value in junior medical staff and repeated practice can improve the comprehensive ability,including clinical and non clinical skills. So the new teaching method is worthy of promotion.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-696410

ABSTRACT

Intraosseous infusion,rapid sequence intubation,electrical cardioversion,bag - mask ventilation and serous cavity puncture are essential skills for respiratory and/or circulatory emergency situations.Grasp the princi-ples,the application of indications and contraindications,skillful operation and quick response to the complications are the keys to learning.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275155

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the effect of Chinese medicine of invigorating spleen and kidney detoxification on simian immunodeficiency virus-infected rhesus macaque. Eight SIV rhesus macaques of the same age were randomly divided into Chinese medicine of invigorating spleen and kidney detoxification group(hereinafter referred to as Chinese medicine group) and anti-virus drug(HAART) group. The traditional Chinese medicine and antiviral therapy were given for 8 weeks, and peripheral blood was collected for detection in every 4 weeks. The results showed that Chinese medicine of invigorating spleen and kidney detoxification could not obviously decrease plasma viral load as HAART, but it can increase CD4 number in peripheral blood, especially the CD4 naive cells, and increase the number of CD4 and CD8 cells, enhance the immune response to pathogens. Therefore, it delayed the occurrence and development of spleen deficiency to a certain extent, indicating that the medicine had immune regulation effect, with considerable clinical value and application prospects.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-660752

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical and fistula origin characteristics of congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF).Methods:Clinical and coronary angiographic (CAG)data of 37 congenital CAF patients,who were treated in our hospital from Apr 2011 to Aug 2016 and diagnosed by CAG,were retrospectively analyzed.Chief complaint symptoms were analyzed.According to fistula origin location,patients were divided into left anterior descending (LAD)group (n=23),right coronary artery (RCA)group (n=6),LAD & RCA group (n=2),left circumflex (LCX)group (n=5)and left main (LM)group (n=1).Characteristics of fistula origin and drainage location dis-tribution were analyzed.Results:Among the chief complaints of 37 congenital CAF patients,there were 24 cases (64.9%)of chest tightness and short of breath,six cases (16.2%)of chest pain,five cases (13.5%)of palpitations and two cases (5.4%)of heart murmur in physical examination.Compared with RCA group,LAD & RCA group, LCX group and LM group,there was significant rise in percentage of LAD fistula origin (16.2%,5.4%,13.5%, 2.7% vs.62.2%),P <0.01 all,but there were no significant difference among other groups,P >0.05 all.The 23 cases of LAD fistula origin included 22 cases of pulmonary artery fistulas (PAF)and one case of bronchial artery fis-tulas (BAF);the six cases of RCA fistula origin included three cases of PAF,two cases of right atrial fistulas (RAF) and one case of left ventricular fistulas (LVF);the five cases of LCX fistula origin included two cases of RAF,and one case of PAF,LVF and RVF respectively.Conclusion:Coronary angiography is the gold standard to diagnose congenital CAF.Percentage of congenital CAF originated from left coronary artery is significantly more than that of right coronary artery.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-658053

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore clinical and fistula origin characteristics of congenital coronary artery fistula (CAF).Methods:Clinical and coronary angiographic (CAG)data of 37 congenital CAF patients,who were treated in our hospital from Apr 2011 to Aug 2016 and diagnosed by CAG,were retrospectively analyzed.Chief complaint symptoms were analyzed.According to fistula origin location,patients were divided into left anterior descending (LAD)group (n=23),right coronary artery (RCA)group (n=6),LAD & RCA group (n=2),left circumflex (LCX)group (n=5)and left main (LM)group (n=1).Characteristics of fistula origin and drainage location dis-tribution were analyzed.Results:Among the chief complaints of 37 congenital CAF patients,there were 24 cases (64.9%)of chest tightness and short of breath,six cases (16.2%)of chest pain,five cases (13.5%)of palpitations and two cases (5.4%)of heart murmur in physical examination.Compared with RCA group,LAD & RCA group, LCX group and LM group,there was significant rise in percentage of LAD fistula origin (16.2%,5.4%,13.5%, 2.7% vs.62.2%),P <0.01 all,but there were no significant difference among other groups,P >0.05 all.The 23 cases of LAD fistula origin included 22 cases of pulmonary artery fistulas (PAF)and one case of bronchial artery fis-tulas (BAF);the six cases of RCA fistula origin included three cases of PAF,two cases of right atrial fistulas (RAF) and one case of left ventricular fistulas (LVF);the five cases of LCX fistula origin included two cases of RAF,and one case of PAF,LVF and RVF respectively.Conclusion:Coronary angiography is the gold standard to diagnose congenital CAF.Percentage of congenital CAF originated from left coronary artery is significantly more than that of right coronary artery.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-853000

ABSTRACT

Objective: Polydatin solid dispersion (PD-SD) was prepared for improving bioavailability. Methods: In this study, PD-SD was prepared by solvent evaporation method with dissolution as index for improving bioavailability. The physicochemical properties of PD-SD were evaluated by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray power diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). HPLC was employed to determine the plasma concentration of PD-SD with PD crude drug as reference group in rats after oral administration. Results: FT-IR revealed that there was no new chemical bond between drug and carrier. DSC and XRD results indicated that PD in PD-SD was amorphous. SEM results showed that the morphology of PD-SD was close to irregular globular. The AUCs of PD-SD and PD were 328.79 and 139.70 μg·min/mL after oral administration, respectively. Conclusion: PD-SD is prepared by simple technology. PD-SD significantly improved the in vitro dissolution and oral bioavailability of PD in rats.

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