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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 114-158, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013615

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of benzyl iso-thiocyanate (BITC) on the proliferation of mouse U14 cervical cancer cells and to explore the mechanism of cytotoxicity based on transcriptomic data analysis. Methods The effect of BITC on U14 cell activity was detected by MTT, nuclear morphological changes were observed by Hochest 33258 and fluorescent inverted microscope, cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry, and the transcriptome database of U14 cells before and after BITC (20 μmol · L

2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 152-162, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010329

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether electroacupuncture (EA) at sensitized acupoints could reduce sympathetic-sensory coupling (SSC) and neurogenic inflammatory response by interfering with 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT)ergic neural pathways to relieve colitis and somatic referred pain, and explore the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Rats were treated with 5% dextran sodium sulfate (DSS) solution for 7 days to establish a colitis model. Twelve rats were randomly divided into the control and model groups according to a random number table (n=6). According to the "Research on Rat Acupoint Atlas", sensitized acupoints and non-sensitized acupoints were determined. Rats were randomly divided into the control, model, Zusanli-EA (ST 36), Dachangshu-EA (BL 25), and Xinshu (BL 15) groups (n=6), as well as the control, model, EA, and EA + GR113808 (a 5-HT inhibitor) groups (n=6). The rats in the control group received no treatment. Acupuncture was administered on 2 days after modeling using the stimulation pavameters: 1 mA, 2 Hz, for 30 min, with sparse and dense waves, for 14 consecutive days. GR113808 was injected into the tail vein at 5 mg/kg before EA for 10 min for 7 consecutive days. Mechanical sensitivity was assessed with von Frey filaments. Body weight and disease activity index (DAI) scores of rats were determined. Hematoxylin and eosin staining was performed to observe colon histopathology. SSC was analyzed by immunofluorescence staining. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to detect 5-HT and substance P (SP) expressions. The calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in skin tissue and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein levels in DRG were detected by Western blot. The levels of hyaluronic acid (HA), bradykinin (BK), prostaglandin I2 (PGI2) in skin tissue, 5-HT, tryptophan hydroxylase 1 (TPH1), serotonin transporters (SERT), 5-HT 3 receptor (5-HT3R), and 5-HT 4 receptor (5-HT4R) in colon tissue were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).@*RESULTS@#BL 25 and ST 36 acupoints were determined as sensitized acupoints, and BL 15 acupoint was used as a non-sensitized acupoint. EA at sensitized acupoints improved the DAI score, increased mechanical withdrawal thresholds, and alleviated colonic pathological damage of rats. EA at sensitized acupoints reduced SSC structures and decreased TH and CGRP expression levels (P<0.05). Furthermore, EA at sensitized acupoints reduced BK, PGI2, 5-HT, 5-HT3R and TPH1 levels, and increased HA, 5-HT4R and SERT levels in colitis rats (P<0.05). GR113808 treatment diminished the protective effect of EA at sensitized acupoints in colitis rats (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA at sensitized acupoints alleviated DSS-induced somatic referred pain in colitis rats by interfering with 5-HTergic neural pathway, and reducing SSC inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Electroacupuncture , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Serotonin , Acupuncture Points , Pain, Referred , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Signal Transduction , Colitis/therapy , Indoles , Sulfonamides
3.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 7-7, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010119

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Metabolic Dysfunction-associated Steatotic Liver Disease (MASLD) has become a global epidemic, and air pollution has been identified as a potential risk factor. This study aims to investigate the non-linear relationship between ambient air pollution and MASLD prevalence.@*METHOD@#In this cross-sectional study, participants undergoing health checkups were assessed for three-year average air pollution exposure. MASLD diagnosis required hepatic steatosis with at least 1 out of 5 cardiometabolic criteria. A stepwise approach combining data visualization and regression modeling was used to determine the most appropriate link function between each of the six air pollutants and MASLD. A covariate-adjusted six-pollutant model was constructed accordingly.@*RESULTS@#A total of 131,592 participants were included, with 40.6% met the criteria of MASLD. "Threshold link function," "interaction link function," and "restricted cubic spline (RCS) link functions" best-fitted associations between MASLD and PM2.5, PM10/CO, and O3 /SO2/NO2, respectively. In the six-pollutant model, significant positive associations were observed when pollutant concentrations were over: 34.64 µg/m3 for PM2.5, 57.93 µg/m3 for PM10, 56 µg/m3 for O3, below 643.6 µg/m3 for CO, and within 33 and 48 µg/m3 for NO2. The six-pollutant model using these best-fitted link functions demonstrated superior model fitting compared to exposure-categorized model or linear link function model assuming proportionality of odds.@*CONCLUSION@#Non-linear associations were found between air pollutants and MASLD prevalence. PM2.5, PM10, O3, CO, and NO2 exhibited positive associations with MASLD in specific concentration ranges, highlighting the need to consider non-linear relationships in assessing the impact of air pollution on MASLD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nitrogen Dioxide , Cross-Sectional Studies , Air Pollution/analysis , Air Pollutants/analysis , Particulate Matter/analysis , Liver Diseases , Environmental Exposure/analysis
4.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 17-24, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005449

ABSTRACT

italic>Salmonella has emerged as a promising tumor-targeting strategy in recent years due to its good tumor targeting ability and certain safety. In order to further optimize its therapeutic effect, scientists have tried to modify Salmonella, including its attenuation and drug loading. This paper summarizes the mechanism and research progress of Salmonella-mediated targeted tumor therapy, and introduces the strategies and related progress of its modification and optimization. At the same time, the advantages, current challenges and future development directions of Salmonella-mediated tumor therapy are summarized.

5.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 13-22, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015259

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effect of activation of mammalian target of rapmycin complex 2(mTORC2)/Akt signaling pathway on dopaminergic neurons and behavior in 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) model mice and its possible mechanism. Methods Selecting 36 mice which The Nestin-CreERTM and ROSA26-LacZ reporter genes were detected at the same time in 3-month-old male C57BL/6J mice weighing 20-25 g divideng them into 4 gruops, NS+ corn oil group, 6-OHDA+corn oil group, 6-OHDA+PP242 group and 6-OHDA+A-443654 group, and 6-OHDA was injected into the right striatum of the brain to replicate the Parkinson’s disease (PD) model of mice, and then daily intraperitoneal injection of mTORC2/Akt signaling pathway agonist A-443654 or inhibitor PP242. Serum interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence staining were performed to investigate the change of microglia, dopaminergic neurons as well as neural progenitor cells (NPCs). Western blotting was used to detect the expression of related protein of mTORC2/Akt signaling pathway including rictor, p-Akt and regulated in development and DNA dgmage responses 1(REDD1) and the interaction between them were verified by immunoprecipitation. Finally, the behavioral performance of each group of mice was observed. Results With the activation of microglia and the increase of inflammatory factors in PD model mice, the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra(SN) decreased significantly, and the motor function of the mice was impaired, but the number of NPCs increased significantly compared with the control mice, mTORC2/Akt signaling pathway related protein expression was also significantly up-regulated. A-443654 treatment further up-regulated the expression of these proteins, meanwhile the indicators mentioned above were ameliorated. However, the inhibitor PP242 treatment group showed completely opposite result with the agonist group. Conclusion A-443654 can promote the proliferation of NPCs and the number of new-born dopaminergic neurons by up-regulating related proteins of mTORC2/Akt signaling pathway, and reducing the activation of microglia and the level of inflammation factors, which ultimately lead to the amelioration of SN-striatal dopaminergic neurons and behavioral performance in PD model mice.

6.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 238-243, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015239

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the prevalence of sarcopenia,sarcopenic obesity and osteoporosis, and to analyze the influence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity on osteoporosis. Methods After all the people signed the informed research agreement, the experimental subjects were selected from Han people over 20 years old in Liaoning region, and a total of 1266 cases were included. The distribution of muscle mass, fat mass and bone mineral density in different parts of adults were measured by bioelectrical impedance analyzer (BIA) and bone densitometer, and the correlation between sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity and osteoporosis in adults was studied. Results With the increase of age, the muscle mass of limbs, trunk, total muscle mass and body weight of the Han adults in Liaoning showed a trend of increasing at first and then decreasing. There was no significant difference in the prevalence of sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity between men and women, but there was a significant difference in the prevalence of osteoporosis between men and women. The prevalence of all three groups reached the peak in the age group above 60, and the difference was statistically significant.The risk factor for osteoporosis was sarcopenia and sarcopenic obesity. Conclusion Among adults of Han nationality in Liaoning, the prevalence of sarcopenic obesity,sarcopenia and osteoporosis is significantly different in age. Bone condition is affected by fat mass and muscle mass.

7.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 521-530, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015181

ABSTRACT

[Abstract] Objective To study whether the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex 2(mTORC2) / Akt signaling pathway has a protective effect on SH-SY5Y cell line damaged by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA), and to clarify its molecular mechanism. Methods SH-SY5Y cells treated with retinoic acid (RA) were given 6-OHDA, mTORC2 signaling pathway inhibitor PP242 and agonist A-443654 respectively. The changes of cell number in each group were investigated by immunofluorescent staining; The total protein was extracted and the expression level and interaction of key proteins in mTORC2 signaling pathway were determined by Western blotting and co-immunoprecipitation (CoIP); The apoptosis rate of cells in each group was detected by flow cytometry. At the same time, the co-culture Parkinson’ s disease (PD) model was made using SH-SY5Y cell line and Bv-2 cell line; MTT colorimetric method was used to detect the cell viability of each group; ELISA was used to detect the content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in cell culture supernatant. Results The number of tyrosine hydroxylase(TH) / proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) / hochest-, TH / 5-bronmo-2’ -deoxyuridine(BrdU) -labeled positive cells in 6-OHDA-lesioned PD cell model group was significantly lower than that in the normal group; The apoptosis rate was higher; The expression of Rictor, p-Akt and regulated in DNA damage and development 1(REDD1) was increased; There was an interaction between Rictor and p-Akt or REDD1; The cell viability was significantly reduced in the co-culture model; the content of TNF-α and IL-β increased in the cell culture supernatant. With further up-regulation of the abovementioned protein expressions, the cell survival, apoptosis and pro-inflammatory cytokine levels in A-443654 group were significantly ameliorated, while PP242 group showed the opposite changes. Conclusion A-443654 activates mTORC2 signaling pathway by p-Akt, which increases the expression of Rictor and REDD1 protein. These changes contribute to the amelioration in cell survival rate, apoptosis rate, and the proliferation and differentiation and decreasion of apoptosis rate of SH-SY5Y cells. These result improved 6-OHDA-induced cell damage and inhibited the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics ; (12): 525-535, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014635

ABSTRACT

AIM: To compare the results calculated by population pharmacokinetic analysis tools Phoenix NLME, Monolix, R nlmixr package and CPhaMAS cloud platform with the gold standard sofeware NONMEM. METHODS: Fifty sparse sampling data sets based on a one-compartment model and fifty dense sampling data sets based on a two-compartment model were simulated, and the above five analysis tools were used to calculate the population typical value, individual variability and individual pharmacokinetic parameters. RESULTS: The population typical value and individual variability calculated by CPhaMAS and Phoenix NLME had the highest matching degree with NONMEM, followed by nlmixr. Monolix had the lowest matching degree, but Monolix and nlmixr might be more robust. The correspondence between clearance and distribution volume was better than the absorption rate constant. Except the absorption rate constant calculated by Monolix and intercompartmental clearance calculated by nlmixr, the correlation coefficients of individual pharmacokinetic parameters calculated by all analytical tools were greater than 0.99. CONCLUSION: The results calculated by the above four population pharmacokinetic analysis tools are highly correlated with that of NONMEM.

9.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1417-1421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013953

ABSTRACT

Methamphetamine abuse and HIV infection are extremely serious public health and social problems facing the world today. Methamphetamine and HIV-1 Tat protein can induce neurotoxicity in an individual and synergistic way, and neuroinflammation is one of the most important mechanisms for ca-using neurotoxicity. Neuroinflammation can be mediated by glial cells, cytokines, NLRP3 inflammasomes, etc. This paper reviews the research progress of neuroinflammation induced by methamphetamine and HIV-1 Tat protein in recent years, with the aim of providing reference and basis for further exploration of the mechanisms of neuroinflammation caused by them and effective drug intervention targets in the future.

10.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 549-554, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013841

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of aloin, an aloe extract,on fibrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (HK-2) induced by TGF-β and the underlying molecular mechanism. Methods The experiment included a control group,TGF-β induced group,TGF-β + Aloin 50 or 100 μmol • L

11.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1362-1370, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013764

ABSTRACT

Aim To predict the key targets and signaling pathways of Semiliquidambar cathayen. sis Chang (JLBFH) by network pharmacology and molecular docking,etc, then to explore the mechanism of JLBFH' s effect on inflammatory response to depression through reserpine-induced depression rat model. Methods The target of drug and disease was predicted by network pharmacological database, protein interaction network diagram was constructed, biofunctional enrichment and pathways were analyzed, and molecular docking prediction was performed by AGFR software. Based on reserpine-induced depression, the role of JLBFH in depression inflammation was verified by behavior, molecular biology and pathological examination, and so on. Results A total of 13 active ingredients were screened, 11 key targets of JLBFH modulation of depression were selected, and the bioenrichment results were mainly related to cognition, prominent plasticity regulation, etc. The pathways were mainly related to Rapl signaling pathway, Toll-like receptor signaling pathways. The results of validation experiments showed that high and low doses of JLBFH extract significantly shortened the forced swimming immobility time in mice, markedly reduced the retention time in the circle of rats, increased serum levels of 5-HT and DA, decreased serum levels of IL-6, improved inflammatory infiltration in the prefrontal cortex, decreased brain tissue levels of IL-6,IL-1β ,TNF-α mRNA expression,and increased AKT1 mRNA expression in brain tissue. Conclusions The present study reveals that JLBFH can exert antidepressant effects through multi-component, multi-target and multi-pathway, and the experimental validation results show that JLBFH can improve the d¬pression-like symptoms by improving the inflammatory response of depression through TOLL-like signaling pathway.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1470-1477, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013728

ABSTRACT

Aim To systematically evaluate the heat-clearing mechanism of Arnebiae Radix on two mouse models of blood heat syndrome. Methods The drug-forming molecules were screened by comprehensive network pharmacology methods, and the correlation between drug efficacy and related factors and targets was evaluated on the mouse model of short effect blood heat syndrome constructed by 2, 4-dinitrophenol (DNP) and the mouse model of severe blood heat syndrome (heat stroke) constructed by high temperature combined with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Results A total of 277 shikonin related targets were collected, mainly involving biological processes such as inflammatory reaction, oxidation reaction and coagulation reaction. Shikonin, a representative compound, significantly improved the main syndromes of mice with blood heat syndrome, reduced the levels of inflammatory factors IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the two models, and reduced the contents of oxidative damage indexes LPO and MDA, and the two showed correlation. The main mechanism was to inhibit the expression of NF-ΚB p65 and up-regulate the expression of Nrf2. Conclusions Shikonin plays a pharmacological role in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome by inhibiting inflammation and improving antioxidant capacity, which provides a pharmacological basis for shikonin in the prevention and treatment of blood heat syndrome.

13.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1200-1206, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role and underlying mechanism of human myeloid differentiation protein 2 (MD2) in the process of neuronal death induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) by establishing an in vitro model of sepsis-associated encephalopathy (SAE) by LPS.@*METHODS@#Healthy C57BL/6J mice at 14-18 days of gestation were selected, and brain cortical tissue was taken from fetal mice. Neurons were stimulated with 0 (control), 1, 5 and 10 g/L of LPS for 24 hours. The release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was detected and the death of neurons was observed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the levels of inflammatory factors interleukins (IL-6, IL-1β), in order to determine the optimal dose of LPS for establishing an in vitro neuroinflammation model of SAE. The cells were divided into blank control group and LPS group. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick-end-labeling (TUNEL) was used to discover apoptosis. Western blotting was used to detect the expression of the relevant protein markers activated caspase-3, necroptosis-associated protein neuronal receptor-interacting serine/threonine-protein kinase 3 (RIPK3) and phosphorylated RIPK3 (p-RIPK3). Immunofluorescence chemical staining was used to detect the expressions of p-RIPK3 and microtubule-associated protein 2 (MAP2) to evaluate the type of cell death and the degree of neuronal death. Western blotting was used to detect MD2 expression. Immunofluorescence chemical staining was performed to observe the expression and distribution of p-RIPK3 and MD2 in neurons to assess whether MD2 was involved in the inflammatory response promoting neuronal death. In addition, the cells were divided into blank control group, LPS group, and MD2 interfering peptide group (LPS+TC group), and the levels of IL-6, IL-1β and LDH were detected to evaluate whether interfering with MD2 can alleviate LPS induced neuroinflammation.@*RESULTS@#10 g/L LPS induced notable neuronal death, and the release of LDH in neurons stimulated with this concentration for 24 hours was significantly higher than that in the blank control group (relative release: 1.45±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.01), indicating apoptosis and necroptosis occurred in neurons, and the levels of inflammatory factors IL-6 and IL-1β were remarkable increased [IL-6 (relative level): 1.94±0.04 vs. 1.00±0.00, IL-1β (relative level): 1.53±0.09 vs. 1.00±0.00, both P < 0.01]. Compared with the blank control group, the apoptosis of cells, cleaved-caspase-3 expression, the p-RIPK3/RIPK3 ratio, and p-RIPK3 expression around neurons in the LPS group were significantly increased [cleaved-caspase-3/GAPDH: 1.55±0.10 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.01; p-RIPK3/RIPK3 ratio (relative value): 1.54±0.06 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.05], which suggested that typical apoptosis and necroptosis apoptosis occurred in neurons in the septic environment. Furthermore, MD2 expression was significantly increased in the LPS group compared with the blank control group (MD2/GAPDH: 1.91±0.07 vs. 1.00±0.00, P < 0.01), and MD2 expression around neurons was increased, indicating that LPS-induced MD2 upregulation may play a key role in neuroinflammation and induction of neuronal death in sepsis. In addition, compared with the LPS group, the MD2-interfering peptide could reduce the expression levels of inflammatory factors IL-6 and IL-1β [IL-6 (relative level): 1.16±0.08 vs. 1.94±0.04, IL-1β (relative level): 1.15±0.05 vs. 1.75±0.09, both P < 0.01] and decrease LDH release (relative release: 1.09±0.01 vs. 1.44±0.04, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#LPS induced neuronal inflammatory responses via MD2, which ultimately leads to apoptosis and necroptosis. Interfering with MD2 reduces inflammation and inhibits neuronal death.


Subject(s)
Mice , Humans , Animals , Sepsis-Associated Encephalopathy , Caspase 3 , Interleukin-6 , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Lipopolysaccharides , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Cell Differentiation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
14.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1195-1199, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010925

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the predictive value of pulse infusion index (PPI) in the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced acute kidney injury (AKI).@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted. The clinical data of patients with sepsis-induced AKI admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from July 2021 to December 2022 were enrolled. The basic information of the patients were collect, including age, gender, site of infection, underlying disease, mean arterial pressure (MAP) and heart rate (HR) at admission, as well as the use of mechanical ventilation and vasoactive drugs, and norepinephrine (NE) dosage. Laboratory indicators, sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score and PPI within 24 hours of admission were also recorded, and the patient's prognosis during ICU hospitalization was also recorded. The differences in clinical data between the patients of two groups with different prognosis were compared. Spearman correlation method was used to analyze the correlation between PPI and SOFA score. Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to screen independent risk factors for death during ICU hospitalization in sepsis patients with AKI. Receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of PPI for the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI.@*RESULTS@#A total of 102 patients with sepsis-induced AKI were enrolled, of which 70 patients in the survival group and 32 patients in the death group, with ICU mortality of 31.4. Compared with the survival group, SOFA score, HR, procalcitonin (PCT), serum creatinine (SCr), and NE dosage in the death group were significantly increased [SOFA score: 11.22±2.48 vs. 8.56±2.01, HR (bpm): 103.80±12.47 vs. 97.41±9.73, PCT (μg/L): 9.22 (5.24, 17.84) vs. 6.19 (3.86, 7.71), SCr (μmol/L): 163.2 (104.7, 307.9) vs. 125.5 (89.3, 221.0), Lac (mmol/L): 2.81 (1.95, 4.22) vs. 2.13 (1.74, 2.89), NE usage (μg×kg-1×min-1): 0.7 (0.4, 1.1) vs. 0.5 (0.2, 0.6), all P < 0.05], while PPI was significantly lower than that in survival group [0.83 (0.42, 1.55) vs. 1.70 (1.14, 2.20), P < 0.01]. Spearman correlation analysis showed that based on SOFA score, PPI was closely related to the severity of patients with sepsis-induced AKI (r = -0.328, P < 0.05). Binary multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that PPI [odds ratio (OR) = 0.590, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) was 0.361-0.966, P = 0.002], SOFA score (OR = 1.406, 95%CI was 1.280-1.545, P < 0.001), PCT (OR = 2.061, 95%CI was 1.267-3.350, P = 0.006) were independent risk factors of the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve (AUC) of PPI for death during ICU hospitalization in patients with sepsis-induced AKI was 0.779 (95%CI was 0.686-0.855, P < 0.001), which superior to PCT (AUC = 0.677, 95%CI was 0.577-0.766, P = 0.004), and similar to SOFA score (AUC = 0.794, 95%CI was 0.703-0.868, P < 0.001). When the cut-off value of PPI was 0.72, the sensitivity was 50.0%, and the specificity was 97.1%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#PPI has a good predictive value for the short-term prognosis of patients with sepsis-induced AKI during ICU hospitalization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Rate , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sepsis/complications , Prognosis , Procalcitonin , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Intensive Care Units
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4798-4802, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008647

ABSTRACT

This article focused on the significant public health issue of comorbidities in the elderly population and highlighted the important role of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) in the prevention and treatment of comorbidities in the elderly. It suggested that TCM should fully utilize its advantages in holistic perspective, syndrome differentiation and treatment, and preventive medicine in the process of preventing and treating comorbidities in the elderly. At the same time, in response to the significant shift in the disease spectrum of the elderly, the increasingly innovative concepts in diagnosis and treatment, the growing demand for proactive health by the el-derly population, and the current emphasis on patient-centered evaluation standards, it is necessary to further conduct basic theoretical and experimental research on comorbidities in the elderly using TCM, emphasize clinical research on comorbidities in the elderly, explore appropriate efficacy evaluation systems, improve TCM prevention and treatment strategies and comprehensive intervention programs for comorbidities in the elderly, and leverage the unique role of TCM in the rehabilitation of elderly comorbidity patients. By analyzing the potential of TCM in the field of comorbidities in the elderly, this article is expected to provide new insights for future clinical practice and scientific research.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Public Health , Comorbidity , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use
16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1988-1993, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998477

ABSTRACT

Cataract is one of the major causes of vision loss and even blindness in patients, and surgery is the only effective method to treat it. The pathogenesis and precaution of cataract remain hot issues in ophthalmological research. With the maturation of biotechnology in recent years, modeling methods and species of experimental animals have become more diverse, which are still the mainstay of cataract mechanism research. However, the ideal animal model of cataract has yet to be constructed due to the complexity of human cataract etiology. Herein, the modeling principles, in vivo or in vitro modeling methods, characteristics, and existing problems of animal models of cataract are summarized according to etiology, providing the theoretical foundation for the construction of a comprehensive animal model that more closely resembles the human cataract.

17.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1390-1395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996996

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the perioperative efficacy and safety of all-port robotic lobectomy versus thoracoscopic lobectomy in stageⅠA non-small cell lung cancer. Methods    The clinical data of patients with stageⅠA non-small cell lung cancer who underwent lobectomy with lymph node dissection performed by the same operator in our center from June 2019 to June 2022 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into a robotic group and a thoracoscopic group according to different procedures. We compared the relevant indexes such as operation time, intraoperative bleeding, number of lymph node dissection stations, number of lymph node dissection, postoperative tube time, postoperative hospitalization time, closed chest drainage volume, postoperative pain, postoperative complications and hospitalization cost between the two groups. Results    There were 83 patients in the robotic group, including 34 males and 49 females with a median age of 60.0 (53.0, 67.0) years, and 94 patients in the thoracoscopic group, including 36 males and 58 females with a median age of 60.5 (54.0, 65.3) years. There was no conversion to thoractomy or death in postoperative 90 days in both groups. No statistical difference was seen in the operation time, total postoperative drainage volume and postoperative complication rates between the two groups (P>0.05). Patients in the robotic group had less intraoperative bleeding (P<0.001), more lymph node dissection stations (P=0.002) and numbers (P=0.005), less postoperative pain (P=0.002), and shorter postoperative time with tubes (P=0.031) and hospital stay (P<0.001). However, the surgery was more expensive in the robotic group (P<0.001). Conclusion    All-port robotic surgery is safe and effective for patients with early-stage non-small cell lung cancer with less intraoperative bleeding, more lymph node dissection, less postoperative pain, and shorter hospital stay compared with the thoracoscopic surgery.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 24-31, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996501

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors of digestive tract. In 2020, 1.93 million new cases of colorectal cancer were diagnosed globally, ranking third in the global incidence spectrum, and 930 000 new deaths were reported, ranking second in the global cause of death spectrum. Meanwhile, the medical cost of metastatic colorectal cancer is the highest among all stages. A large number of studies have demonstrated that traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) treatment can bring clinical benefits to patients with metastatic colorectal cancer with unique efficacy. In order to further standardize the TCM diagnosis and treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer and improve the level of TCM diagnosis and treatment, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, together with other relevant units in China, according to the guideline development process of the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development and the relevant requirements of the Clinical Evidence Grading Criteria on TCM Based on Evidence Body, the Regulations for Group Standards of China Association of Chinese Medicine and others, combined with the characteristics of TCM diagnosis and treatment and the actual situation in China, the Guidelines for TCM Diagnosis and Treatment of Metastatic Colorectal Cancer was developed in accordance with the Catalogue of TCM Diagnosis and Treatment Plans for 105 Diseases in 24 Specialties issued by Department of Medical Administration of National Administration of TCM.

19.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 399-403, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyse the settings of sub-campus of public hospitals directly under the National Health Commission, so as to provide research reference and suggestions for further promoting the scientific and standardized construction of sub-campuses of public hospitals.Methods:Data before August 30, 2022 were collected from the official websites of the hospitals in question including their introduction, overview, navigation, news and other categories of information.Relevant literatures on multi-campus published by hospitals under the direct management of the National Health Commission were obtained from the China National Knowledge Network, which was identified by searching the keywords " sub or multi-campus hospital" with " author affiliation", using such search conditions as " MeSH major topic" or " title/keywords/abstract" of the studied hospitals in advanced search builder. Descriptive analysis and frequency analysis were conducted on the numbers, the construction reasons, geographical location, operation scale, characteristics and positioning of the sub-campuses in the studied hospitals.Results:Of the 44 such hospitals, 30 had a total of 50 sub-campuses in operation. Generally there were two modes of construction. 35 were newly constructed and 15 formed by mergers; 37 sub-campuses were built and put into operation since 2010. Sub-campuses were usually located in the same area of the main campus, with 11 in the same area of the same city and areas, 35 in different areas of the same city, and 4 in different cities; the average geographical distance between the sub-campus and the main hospital campus was 31.18 kilometers; 27 sub-campuses had beds ≤ 500, 12 sub-campuses had beds between 501-1 000, 11 had beds>1 000; 14 specialized sub-campuses and 31 out of the 35 comprehensive sub-campuses clearly indicating their characteristics of specialized departments, and 1 other (research institute areas with research beds).Conclusions:Future proofing is characteristic of these public hospitals in terms of their sub-campus construction, regional setting, planning and positioning, and functional layout. However, both government regulatory departments and public hospitals should comprehensively consider and make prudent decisions on the planning, investment, demonstration, layout, and other aspects of the construction of sub-campuses of hospitals.

20.
Chinese Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 822-829, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995797

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an isotope dilution liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (ID-LC-MS/MS) method for the determination of L-tryptophan and its metabolites in serum.Methods:The methodology was established and evaluated using serum samples collected from 166 healthy subjects undergoing physical examinations at West China Hospital from November 2022 to January 2023 were collected. Isotope-labeled markers of L-tryptophan (Trp), L-kynurenine (Kyn), and kynurenic acid (KA) were used as internal standards. After protein precipitation treatment of serum samples, LC-MS/MS was used to determine Trp, Kyn, and KA simultaneously. The selectivity, specificity, linearity, detection limit (LOD), quantification limit (LOQ), carry-over, precision, recovery rate, matrix effect, and dilution integrity of the method were evaluated.Results:The linearity of Trp, Kyn, and KA was demonstrated to be 0.999. The LODs were 0.10 μmol/L, 0.01 μmol/L and 1.00 nmol/L, respectively. The LOQs were 0.20 μmol/L, 0.04 μmol/L and 2.00 nmol/L, respectively. The intra-batch precision and inter-batch precision were below<10%. The average recovery rate and the relative matrix effect were all about 100%. The samples over the upper limit of quantitation can be diluted up to 16 times. The Trp concentration, Kyn concentration, KA concentration, Kyn/Trp ratio, and KA/Kyn ratio in serum of healthy subjects were 59.55±10.92 μmol/L, 1.85±0.43 μmol/L, 39.89±17.93 nmol/L, (31.64±8.19)×10 -3 and 21.51±6.72, respectively. Conclusion:An ID-LC-MS/MS method was successfully established for the quantitative determination of Trp, Kyn, and KA in serum. The method proved to be simple, rapid, sensitive, accurate, and reliable, providing robust support for clinical research related to these analytes.

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