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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the association of maternal periconceptional folic acid or multiple micronutrients supplementation during periconceptional period and the serum vitamin E (Vit.E) concentration in the 1st trimester of gestational period.@*METHODS@#A retrospective cohort study was conducted based on the prenatal health care system and clinical laboratory information system. Totally, 22 171 pregnant women who had their prenatal health care and gave birth in Tongzhou Maternal & Child Health Hospital of Beijing from Jan. 2016 to Dec. 2018 were recruited. The usage patterns of nutritional supplements [folic acid (FA) or multiple micronutrients (MM)] during periconceptional period were independent variables, and serum Vit.E concentration and serum Vit.E concentration≥11.2 mg/L in the 1st trimester of gestational period were outcome variables for generalized linear regression model and Logistic regression model, respectively, to analyze the relationships between the independent and outcome variables.@*RESULTS@#The range of the serum Vit.E concentration in the 1st trimester of gestational period was 5.2-24.0 mg/L, and the median concentration was 10.1 (8.8-11.6) mg/L; the excess rate of the serum Vit.E of those who took MM supplementation was 0.3%, and the rates for the groups of FA only or no nutritional supplements used were both 0.1%. Compared with women without nutritional supplement or the women taking FA, the women who took MM had higher serum Vit.E levels in the 1st trimester of gestational period (both P < 0.05). The women taking FA or MM initiated before the conception showed that the serum Vit.E concentration in the 1st trimester of gestational period was higher than that after the conception (P < 0.05), and the serum Vit.E concentration of women who took regularly was higher than that of irregular taking (P < 0.05); with taking compliance elevated, the serum Vit.E concentration of the two groups of women taking FA or MM increased (P < 0.05). The risk of serum Vit.E concentration≥11.2 mg/L among the women taking MM was higher than that of the women without nutritional supplements or taking FA only [odds ratio (OR)=1.36, 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.21-1.53; OR=1.39, 95%CI: 1.31-1.48)]; women who took FA or MM showed a lower risk for serum Vit.E concentration≥11.2 mg/L of taking it after the conception than before, the ORs (95%CI) were 0.86 (95%CI: 0.77-0.96) and 0.88 (95%CI: 0.81-0.95), respectively; the women taking the two supplements regularly had higher risk for serum Vit.E concentration≥11.2 mg/L than irregular taking, the ORs (95%CI) were 1.16 (95%CI: 1.05-1.29) and 1.13 (95%CI: 1.04-1.22) for FA and MM users, respectively; with the compliance increasing, the women taking MM had a higher risk of serum Vit.E levels≥11.2 mg/L in the 1st trimester [OR (95%CI) was 1.10 (1.07-1.14)], but for FA users, the OR (95%CI) was 1.04(1.00-1.08).@*CONCLUSION@#Vit.E nutritional status in women in early gestational period in Beijing was generally good, and the excess rate of serum Vit.E was higher in women who took MM during periconceptional period than those without nutritional supplement or taking FA only, suggesting that women need to consider their own Vit.E nutritional status to choose the type of nutritional supplements during periconceptional period, so as to avoid related health hazards.


Subject(s)
Child , Dietary Supplements , Female , Folic Acid , Humans , Pregnancy , Retrospective Studies , Vitamin E , Vitamins
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 580-584, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940964

ABSTRACT

Patients with deep burns are prone to suffer cicatrix hyperplasia or contracture, leading to problems including dysfunction in limbs, which impacts patients' life quality and makes it difficult for them to return to society. Thereby, the rehabilitation treatment after deep burns is particularly important. Currently, exercise therapy plays an important role in burn rehabilitation, which is mainly based on therapies such as continuous manual assistance training and manual stretching practice to provide patients with physical exercise to limbs and to correct the functional dysfunction of limbs in patients. With the continuous progress in technology, functional training robots have been developed to meet the needs. The emergence of functional training robots saves manpower and provides patients refined and standardized functional exercise treatment. From the aspects of production technology and multi-technology integration, this paper mainly introduces the recent innovation and development of functional training robots and the advantages of the application of functional training robots in the field of burn rehabilitation.


Subject(s)
Burns/rehabilitation , Cicatrix , Contracture , Exercise Therapy , Humans , Robotics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939697

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analysis the specific protein markers of essential thrombocythemia (ET) based on proteomics technology, to explore and verify the differential protein related to platelet activation.@*METHODS@#Blood samples were obtained from ET patients and healthy people and a certain protein mass spectrometry was detected using label-free quantitative technology. The proteins relative abundance increased or down-regulated by 1.3 times in the disease group compared with the control group, and the protein abundance in the two groups t test P<0.05 were defined as differential proteins. Bioinformatics analysis of the differential proteins was performed using GO and KEGG. The difference in the average protein abundance between the two groups was analyzed by t test and P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Differential proteins were selected for verification by parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) technology.@*RESULTS@#A total of 140 differential proteins were found, of which 72 were up-regulated and 68 were down-regulated. KEGG enrichment showed that the differential protein expression was related to the platelet activation pathway. The differential proteins related to platelet activation were GPV, COL1A2, GP1bα, COL1A1 and GPVI. Among them, the expressions of GPV, GP1bα and GPVI were up-regulated, and the expressions of COL1A2 and COL1A1 were down-regulated. PRM verification of COL1A1, GP1bα, GPVI and GPV was consistent with LFP proteomics testing.@*CONCLUSION@#Differential proteins in ET patients are related to platelet activation pathway activation.Differential proteins such as GPV, GPVI, COL1A1 and GP1bα can be used as new targets related to ET platelet activation.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets/metabolism , Humans , Platelet Activation , Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Technology , Thrombocythemia, Essential
4.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 242-250, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936001

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effect of hypochloric acid on Escherichia coli biofilm and the clinical efficacy of hypochloric acid for wounds with Escherichia coli infection. Methods: One strain of Escherichia coli with the strongest bacterial biofilm forming ability among the strains isolated from specimens in 25 patients (16 males and 9 females, aged 32-67 years) from five clinical departments of the 940th Hospital of the Joint Logistic Support Force was collected for the experimental study from September to December 2019. The Escherichia coli was cultured with hypochloric acid at 162.96, 81.48, 40.74, 20.37, 10.18, 5.09, 2.55, 1.27, 0.64, and 0.32 μg/mL respectively to screen the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of hypochloric acid. The Escherichia coli was cultured with hypochloric acid at the screened MBC for 2, 5, 10, 20, 30, and 60 min respectively to screen the shortest bactericidal time of hypochloric acid. The biofilm formation of Escherichia coli was observed by scanning electron microscopy at 6, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 h of incubation, respectively. After 72 h of culture, hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, 8, and 16 times of MBC was respectively added to Escherichia coli to screen the minimum biofilm eradicate concentration (MBEC) of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli. After hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, and 8 times of MBEC and sterile saline were respectively added to Escherichia coli for 10 min, the live/dead bacterial staining kit was used to detect the number of live and dead cells, with the rate of dead bacteria calculated (the number of samples was 5). From January to December 2020, 41 patients with infectious wounds meeting the inclusion criteria and admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the 940th Hospital of Joint Logistic Support Force of PLA were included into the prospective randomized controlled trial. The patients were divided into hypochloric acid group with 21 patients (13 males and 8 females, aged (46±14) years) and povidone iodine group with 20 patients (14 males and 6 females, aged (45±19) years) according to the random number table. Patients in the 2 groups were respectively dressed with sterile gauze soaked with hypochloric acid of 100 μg/mL and povidone iodine solution of 50 mg/mL with the dressings changed daily. Before the first dressing change and on the 10th day of dressing change, tissue was taken from the wound and margin of the wound for culturing bacteria by agar culture method and quantifying the number of bacteria. The amount of wound exudate and granulation tissue growth were observed visually and scored before the first dressing change and on the 3rd, 7th, and 10th days of dressing change. Data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance, Dunnett-t test, independent sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test, chi-square test, or Fisher's exact probability test. Results: The MBC of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli was 10.18 μg/mL, and the shortest bactericidal time of hypochloric acid with MBC against Escherichia coli was 2 min. Escherichia coli was in a completely free state after 6 and 12 h of culture and gradually aggregated and adhered with the extension of culture time, forming a mature biofilm at 72 h of culture. The MBEC of hypochloric acid against Escherichia coli was 20.36 μg/mL. The Escherichia coli mortality rates after incubation with hypochloric acid at 1, 2, 4, and 8 times of MBEC for 10 min were significantly higher than that after incubation with sterile saline (with t values of 6.11, 25.04, 28.90, and 40.74, respectively, P<0.01). The amount of bacteria in the wound tissue of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was 2.61 (2.20, 3.30)×104 colony forming unit (CFU)/g, significantly less than 4.77 (2.18, 12.48)×104 CFU/g in povidone iodine group (Z=2.06, P<0.05). The amounts of bacteria in the wound tissue of patients in hypochloric acid group and povidone iodine group on the 10th day of dressing change were significantly less than 2.97 (2.90, 3.04)×106 and 2.97 (1.90, 7.95)×106 CFU/g before the first dressing change (with Z values of 4.02 and 3.92, respectively, P<0.01). The score of wound exudate amount of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was significantly lower than that in povidone iodine group (Z=2.07, P<0.05). Compared with those before the first dressing change, the scores of wound exudate amount of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly decreased (with Z values of -3.99 and -4.12, respectively, P<0.01), and the scores of wound exudate amount of patients in povidone iodine group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly decreased (with Z values of -3.54 and -3.93, respectively, P<0.01). The score of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 10th day of dressing change was significantly higher than that in povidone iodine group (Z=2.02, P<0.05). Compared with those before the first dressing change, the scores of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in hypochloric acid group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly increased (with Z values of -3.13 and -3.67, respectively, P<0.01), and the scores of wound granulation tissue growth of patients in povidone iodine group on the 7th and 10th days of dressing change were significantly increased (with Z values of -3.12 and -3.50, respectively, P<0.01). Conclusions: Hypochloric acid can kill Escherichia coli both in free and biofilm status. Hypochloric acid at a low concentration shows a rapid bactericidal effect on mature Escherichia coli biofilm, and the higher the concentration of hypochloric acid, the better the bactericidal effect. The hypochloric acid of 100 μg/mL is effective in reducing the bacterial load on wounds with Escherichia coli infection in patients, as evidenced by a reduction in wound exudate and indirect promotion of granulation tissue growth, which is more effective than povidone iodine, the traditional topical antimicrobial agent.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Biofilms , Escherichia coli , Escherichia coli Infections/drug therapy , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies , Surgical Wound Infection , Treatment Outcome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935903

ABSTRACT

Golgi protein 73 (GP73) is a transmembrane protein on the Golgi apparatus and can be cut and released into the blood. In recent years, an increasing number of clinical studies have shown that the elevated serum GP73 level is closely related to liver diseases. And thus GP73 is expected to be used as a new serum marker for assessing progress of chronic liver diseases. Herein, the clinical application of serum GP73 in chronic hepatitis, liver fibrosis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma with different etiologies was reviewed based on available literatures; and a research outlook in this field is made.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Golgi Apparatus , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms
6.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935608

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application effect of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation technology in three-dimensional(3D) laparoscopic narrow right hepatectomy(LRH). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 5 patients with hepatic malignancy admitted to the First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery,Zhujiang Hospital,Southern Medical University from September 2020 to June 2021,all of whom were males,aged from 42 to 74 years.Preoperative evaluation was performed using the self-developed 3D abdominal medical image visualization system; if all the 5 patients were to receive right hemihepatectomy,the remnant liver volume would be insufficient,so LRH were planned.During the operation,the independently developed 3D laparoscopic augmented reality and mixed reality surgical navigation system was used to perform real-time multi-modal image fusion and interaction between the preoperative 3D model and 3D laparoscopic scene.Meanwhile,intraoperative ultrasound assisted indocyanine green fluorescence was used to determine the surgical path.In this way,the LRH under the guidance of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation was completed.The predicted liver resection volume was evaluated before surgery,actual resected liver volume,surgical indicators and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: All the 5 patients completed LRH under the guidance of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation technology,with no conversion to laparotomy.The median operative time was 300 minutes(range:270 to 360 minutes),no intraoperative blood transfusion was performed,and the median postoperative hospital stay was 8 days(range:7 to 9 days).There were no perioperative deaths,or postoperative complications such as liver failure,bleeding,or biliary fistula. Conclusion: For patients who need to undergo LRH,the use of augmented and mixed reality navigation technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of surgery,retain more functional liver volume,improve surgical safety,and reduce postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Augmented Reality , Hepatectomy/methods , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Laparoscopy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Technology
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 113-116, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935587

ABSTRACT

Clinical practice using associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy(ALPPS) or its modified procedures in treatment of primary hepatocellular carcinoma(HCC) with insufficient future liver remnant(FLR) in the past 10 years has failed to meet our expectations both in achieving decreased perioperative complications and mortality.The efficacy of ALPPS in improving long-term survival outcome of HCC still remains poor.Due to the trauma of two surgery within a short period,and patients with inadequate FLR are all diagnosed at advanced disease stages,ALPPS can only achieve surgical rather than biological tumor-curability.Previous studies have demonstrated comparable 5-year survival rates between early and advanced stages of HCC who underwent regional treatments.Therefore,tumor biological conversion is the key strategy prior to liver remnant volume conversion in improving treatment outcomes for HCC patients with insufficient FLR.Target therapy,immunotherapy together with locally treatment were expected to improve the conversion efficacy.Looking back at the development of ALPPS for the last decade,the rapid proliferation of FLR should be passed on,while the technology costs high risks and result in poor long-term outcome must be cautiously selected.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Hepatectomy , Humans , Ligation , Liver , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Portal Vein/surgery , Technology , Treatment Outcome
8.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 1-3, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935571

ABSTRACT

After more than 20 years of multidisciplinary integration of medical science and technology,as well as research and practice in innovative diagnosis and treatment,digital medicine 4.0 has made a profound and important impact on the development of traditional surgery. To combine traditional surgery with digital medicine 4.0 technology is the direction of surgery development in the future.New technologies represented by digital intelligent navigation surgery have been deeply explored and widely applied in the diagnosis and treatment of many surgical diseases. With the innovative development and application of artificial intelligence,Big Data and mixed reality technology,the surgery will develop in ways similar to aerospace automatic and intelligent navigation,leading to the advent of digital medicine 5.0.


Subject(s)
Artificial Intelligence , Humans , Medicine , Surgery, Computer-Assisted , Technology
9.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 663-668, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935440

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop a rapid risk assessment tool for imported COVID-19 cases and provide reference evidences for prevention and control of COVID-19 at ports. Methods: The information about COVID-19 pandemic and control strategies of 12 concerned countries was collected during July to August 2021, and 12 indexes were selected to assess the importation risk of COVID-19 by risk matrix. Results: The risk for imported COVID-19 cases from 12 countries to China was high or extremely high, and the risk from Russia and the USA was highest. Conclusions: The developed rapid risk assessment tool based on the risk matrix method can be used to determine the risk level of countries for imported COVID-19 cases to China at ports, and the risk of imported COVID-19 was high at Beijing port in August 2021.


Subject(s)
Beijing , COVID-19/epidemiology , China/epidemiology , Humans , Pandemics , Risk Assessment
10.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 348-353, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935394

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the HIV infection status in male outpatients in sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in Tianjin from 2016 to 2020. Methods: According to the sentinel surveillance protocol, continuous cross-sectional studies were conducted between April and June during 2016-2020 to collect the information about the awareness of AIDS related knowledge, related sex behaviors, HIV infection, syphilis prevalence and HCV infection of male STD outpatients in Tianjin with a sample seize of 400 in each sentinel clinic. Results: From 2016 to 2020, a total of 4 000 male STD outpatients were surveyed. The HIV positive rate increased from 1.13% (9/800) to 2.25% (18/800) (trend χ2=14.22, P<0.001), the positive rate of syphilis increased from 9.38% (75/800) to 13.00% (104/800) (trend χ2=7.30, P=0.007) in this population during this period. The overall HCV positive rate was 0.45% (18/4 000). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that compared with those who were unmarried, had registered residence in Tianjin, had no temporary sexual behavior in the past 3 months, had no anal sex and had negative syphilis test result, the risk factors of HIV infection in the male STD outpatients included cohabitation (aOR=7.53, 95%CI:2.13-26.62), being from other provinces (aOR=3.64,95%CI:1.58-8.38), having temporary sexual behavior in the past 3 months (aOR=2.24,95%CI:1.03-4.89), having homosexual anal sex (aOR=85.99,95%CI:38.76-190.74) and suffering from syphilis (aOR=6.06,95%CI:3.18-11.56). Conclusion: The detection rates of HIV infection and syphilis in male STD outpatients in Tianjin showed upward trends from 2016 to 2020. Having temporary sexual behavior and anal sex, and suffering from syphilis were the main risk factors of HIV infection in male STD outpatients.


Subject(s)
Cross-Sectional Studies , HIV Infections/epidemiology , Homosexuality, Male , Humans , Male , Outpatients , Syphilis/epidemiology
11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1724-1729, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934955

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To estab lish the pre paration method of clopidogrel active thiol metabolite (CATM),and to provide reference for the synthesis of cis-CATM. METHODS CATM was prepared ,separated and purified with isolated rat liver perfusion and ChromCore 120 C18 preparative column ,using(S)-2-oxo-clopidogrel as substrate. The target compounds were identified by mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The retention time of the active configuration of CATM in the human body (cis-CATM)were compared to confirm the proportion of active configuration in the target product. RESULTS The conversion rate of the target product was 11.71%. The target products were identified as CATM by MS and 1H-NMR. Peak 2-peak 5 of CATM were four stereoisomers. The retention time of them were 21.3,22.3,26.5,27.3 min. The peak area ratios of them were 7.13%,7.23%,63.52%,14.97%,respectively. Based on that retention time of the active configuration of CATM in human body was 26.3 min,the active cis-stereoisomer in the target product CATM accounted for 63.52%. CONCLUSIONS This method is low-cost ,simple,and can prepare CATM with higher active configuration.

12.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 128-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934181

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed lateral supramolleolar perforator fascial flap in the treatment of diabetic foot(DF).Methods:From April 2020 to July 2021, a total of 6 patients with DF were treated with antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed lateral supramolleolar perforator fascial flap. The patients were 5 males and 1 female, aged from 45 to 67 years old with an average of 56.2 years old. The wounds were all located in dorsal foot, 4 in right foot and 2 in the left. The wound area was 2.4 cm×5.0 cm-6.5 cm×10.0 cm. The depth of wound were: 3 cases up to tendon layer, and 3 cases up to metatarsal bone. Two of the wound were complicated with metatarsal osteomyelitis. The wounds at Wagner grade 3 in 4 patients and grade 4 in 2 patients. The flap size was 3.0 cm×6.0 cm-8.0 cm×11.0 cm. All of the wounds were repaired with delayed supramolleolar perforator fascia flap after debridement, application of antibiotic bone cement and fumigation with Sanhuang decoction(a traditional Chinese medicine). The affected limbs were externally fixed with plaster and raised after surgery, and the colour, temperature, tension and capillary reaction of the flaps were closely observed. Stitches were removed 2 weeks after surgery and rehabilitation of the affected limb was performed. Regular follow-up was made postoperatively. The appearance of flaps and the scar of donor and recipient sites were observed. The foot and ankle function were evaluated by the American Orthopaedic Association foot and Ankle Surgery(AOFAS) score scale.Results:Six cases of DF had no recurrence of wound infection. All flaps survived well. The average follow-up time was 6(3-14) months. The postoperative follow-up revealed satisfactory appearance of the flap, only linear scars remained in the donor and recipient sites. The function of foot and ankle recovered well with full weight-bearing and normal walk. AOFAS scores ranged from 81 to 95.Conclusion:It is an effective method to treat DF by applying antibiotic bone cement combined with delayed superior lateral malleolus perforator fascial flap. The operation is simple, safe and can cut down the time of treatment, quickly control the wound infection. It deserves further trials.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934014

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the inflammatory reaction of macrophages induced by lipoglycans of different genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis ( Mtb) in vitro and to analyze the differences in lipoglycan virulence. Methods:Lipoglycans were extracted from Mtb of Beijing, T1 and MANU2 genotypes and H37Rv by Triton X-114 liquid phase method and the crude extracts of lipoglycans was used to stimulate RAW264.7 macrophages. Changes in cytokine and receptor expression and cell apoptosis were detected 24 h after stimulation. The virulence of lipoglycans from different genotypes of Mtb was analyzed and compared. One-way analysis of variance and Tukey′s multiple comparisons test were used to compare the differences in various indexes between groups. Results:The expression of IL-10 at mRNA level induced by lipoglycans from Mtb of Beijing, T1 and MANU2 genotypes and H37Rv was (0.94±0.24), (1.86±0.24), (1.90±0.24) and (2.55±0.75) times that of the control group. Moreover, IL-10 mRNA expression induced by lipoglycans from Mtb of Beijing genotype was significantly lower than that of H37Rv group ( P<0.05). After stimulating RAW264.7 cells with the crude extracts of lipoglycans, the proportions of living cells in H37Rv, Beijing genotype, T1 genotype and MANU2 genotype groups were (72.75±2.25)%, (60.99±0.13)%, (80.66±0.40)% and (79.06±1.19)%, and the total cell apoptosis ratios was (10.42±0.23)%, (8.30±0.03)%, (9.24±0.79)% and (8.04±0.48)%, respectively. The proportion of living cells in Beijing genotype group was the lowest ( P<0.05), and the proportions of living cells in T1 and MANU2 genotype groups were higher than that in H37Rv group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cell apoptosis ratio among the groups ( P>0.05). Lipoglycan-induced cell death was increased in Beijing genotype group, and the lipoglycan from Beijing genotype Mtb was more virulent than those from Mtb of T1 and MANU2 genotypes. Conclusions:Lipoglycan from Mtb of Beijing genotype could induce a higher level of cell death in vitro. It was an antigen component with stronger virulence than those from Mtb of T1 and MANU2 genotypes.

14.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 490-495, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932089

ABSTRACT

Objective:Animal models of sepsis are mainly established by cecal ligation and puncture which causes mixed bacterial infections in the abdominal cavity. However in internal clinic, sepsis is more common to be caused by respiratory bacterial infections. Therefore, it is necessary to establish animal models of sepsis caused by lung Infection.Methods:According to the concentration of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) suspension and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) suspension, Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were equally divided into 10 groups, including S-Cont group, S-0.75 group, S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-Cont group, P-1 group, P-2 group, P-4 group, P-8 group. Rats in the control group were treated with normal saline nasal drip. Rats in each experimental group were infected by nasal dripping bacterial suspension with 0.75×10 8 CFU/ml, 1.5×10 8 CFU/ml, 3×10 8 CFU/ml, 6×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 1×10 8 CFU/ml, 2×10 8 CFU/ml, 4×10 8 CFU/ml, 8×10 8CFU/ml P. aeruginosa suspension. Our study detected the body temperature (T), blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) of rats in each group before and after infection, as well as blood lactic acid (Lac) and procalcitonin (PCT) level after infection. The lung infections of rats in each group were observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Results:The blood pressure(BP) of S-1.5 group, S-3 group, S-6 group and P-8 group was lower than before infection (all P<0.05). The Lac and PCT of each S. aureus experimental group were higher than that of the S-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration ( P<0.05), except for the S-3 and S-6 group ( P>0.05). The Lac and PCT of each P. aeruginosa experimental group were higher than that of the P-Cont group (all P<0.01); and they showed an increasing trend with the increase of the bacterial suspension concentration (all P<0.05), except for the Lac in the P-4 group and P-8 group ( P>0.05). HE staining showed that different degrees of inflammatory infiltration can be seen in the lungs of the experimental rats in each group. Conclusions:Infection of rats by nasal dripping with 3×10 8 CFU/ml of S. aureus suspension or 4×10 8 CFU/ml of P. aeruginosa suspension could establish relatively stable rat sepsis model induced by lung bacterial infection, of which the former could also establish a relatively stable septic shock model.

15.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 481-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932087

ABSTRACT

Sepsis is a hot and difficult research topic in the field of acute and critical care all over the world. Sepsis mortality remains high despite ongoing guideline updates. This situation has prompted the research thinking of Western medicine to change from one-sided pursuit of killing pathogenic microorganisms to regulating the body′s immune response, and change from focusing on local pathological changes to focusing on the internal connection of systemic organs. They put forward theories such as liver-renal syndrome, cardio-renal syndrome, and lung-gut axis, which are consistent with the overall concept of traditional Chinese medicine. The research fields, goals, and treatment objects of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine are the same, so Integrative traditional Chinese and Western medicine in the treatment of sepsis has important application value and broad development space. In the process of sepsis treatment, we must make full use of modern technology, and at the same time give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine, to reduce the fatality rate. Only in this way can we contribute to the protection of human health.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the medication rules and mechanisms of traditional Chinese medical doctor Jia Yuejin for treating depressive disorder based on data mining and network pharmacology. Methods:The medication rules and core prescription were analyzed with the statistics of frequency, properties and analysis of correlation, clustering, and complex network of prescriptions for the treatment of depressive disorder from the outpatient service of Professor Jia in the past five years, from 1st Jan. 2016 to 1st Jul. 2020, with the help of the Ancient and Modern Medical Records Cloud Platform (V 2.2.3). Then we obtained the targets of effective ingredients of each drug of the core prescription and disease targets and took the intersection by virtue of TCMSP, GEO and other databases. We used Cytoscape V 3.8.0 to construct disease-drug-ingredient-target and protein-protein interaction networks, and performed GO and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis, and finally selected the key effective ingredients and key targets to apply software of Vina to molecularly dock. Results:A total of 120 medical records, 148 prescriptions and 138 drugs were obtained. The most common drug properties were gentle, warm, cold. The main tastes were sweet, pungent and bitter, and the meridians were concentrated in two spleen and liver meridians. The core prescription of 8 drugs was obtained through analysis of drug correlation, clustering and complex network. A total of 80 effective ingredients, 772 related targets, 542 intersectional genes of the core prescription were obtained, the key ingredients included dehydroeburicoic acid, α-Amyrin, and the key targets included AKT1, ESR1. The GO enrichment analysis showed metabolic process, immune system process, signaling process, and the KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, NF-κB signaling pathway. The results of molecular docking of key ingredients and key targets showed them stable binding.Conclusion:The rules of Chinese Medicines of Professor Jia for depressive disorders show the related multi-ingredient, multi-target, multi-pathway mechanisms, which can provide references for clinical use and further research.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928435

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child manifesting with intellectual disability, language delay and autism spectrum disorder.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood samples of the child and his family members, and subjected to whole exome sequencing. Candidate variants were verified by Sanger sequencing and interpreted according to the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor a heterozygous c.568C>T (p.Q190X) nonsense variant of the ADNP gene, which was not detected in either parent by Sanger sequencing.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical and genetic testing both suggested that the child has Helsmoortel-van der Aa syndrome due to ADNP gene mutation, which is extremely rare in China.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple/genetics , Autism Spectrum Disorder/genetics , Autistic Disorder/genetics , Child , Heterozygote , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Rare Diseases
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic etiology of a small-for-date infant with gastrointestinal bleeding, developmental delay and thrombocytopenia (Zhu-Tokita-Takenouchi-Kim syndrome).@*METHODS@#Clinical and laboratory examinations were carried out for the patient. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) was used to detect potential variant associated with the disease. Candidate variant was verified by Sanger sequencing of the child and her parents.@*RESULTS@#NGS revealed that the child has carried a heterozygous c.5751_5754del variant of the SON gene, which resulted in a frameshift p.V1918Efs*87. The same variant was detected in neither parent.@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous variant of SON gene probably underlay the ZTTK syndrome in this child. Above finding has enriched the mutational spectrum of the SON gene and provides a basis for genetic counseling and clinical decision-making.


Subject(s)
Child , Family , Female , Genetic Testing , Heterozygote , Humans , Infant , Intellectual Disability/genetics , Mutation
19.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 961-975, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927757

ABSTRACT

Chromatography is a basic process in the current proteomics workflow, and the retention time alignment of the chromatogram is one of the important steps to effectively improve the identification and quantification accuracy. After years of development, a series of algorithms for retention time alignment have been developed. This review summarizes the advances of chromatographic retention time alignment algorithms and tools for proteomics analysis from the perspective of proteomics users, and discusses the development and future application directions.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Proteomics/methods
20.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 280-283, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920633

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and dual energy X ray absorptiometry (DXA) for measuring body mineral content (BMC) of children and adolescents, and to provide a basis for BIA to accurately measure BMC in children and adolescents.@*Methods@#By using the convenience sampling method, among 1 469 children and adolescents aged 7-17 were recruited in Guangzhou from April to May 2019, the BMC was measured by DXA and BIA. The intraclass correlation coefficient ( ICC ) and Bland Altman analysis were used to evaluate the agreement between BIA and DXA. Bland Altman analysis was performed on log transformed data. The BMC was categorized into age and specific tertiles, and the agreement between methods was evaluated based on the kappa coefficients. Treating the BMC with DXA as the dependent variable, a prediction model was constructed for correcting the BIA measure.@*Results@#The ICC s were 0.93 and 0.94 for boys and girls, respectively. In Bland Altman analysis, the limits of agreements for the BIA to DXA ratio were wide in boys and girls, ranging from 0.27-0.76 and 0.17-0.72, respectively. The kappa coefficients for categorized BMC levels were 0.57 and 0.45 for boys and girls, respectively, showing a fair to good degree of agreement. When sub grouped by BMI, the kappa coefficients for all BMI groups of boys and overweight girls were all >0.75 , with an excellent agreement. The prediction models for boys and girls were as follows: BMC DXA =-0.51+0.44× BMC BIA + 0.06× Age +0.02× BMI ; and BMC DXA =-0.55+0.43× BMC BIA +0.06× Age +0.02× BMI , respectively. The R 2 for models of boys and girls were 0.87 and 0.87, respectively.@*Conclusion@#The agreement between BIA and DXA was poor for measuring BMC, but acceptable when evaluating the categorized BMC levels, suggesting the BIA may be applied in assessment of the BMC levels when compared to the age and gender specific population. Additionally, the prediction model for correcting BMC by BIA fis well to the measurement by DXA.

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