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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 73-79, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964948

ABSTRACT

Sjögren's syndrome (SS), a disorder of immune system, is one of the dominant diseases treated by traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). China Association of Chinese Medicine organized experts in the field of TCM and western medicine rheumatology and pharmacology to discuss the advantages and optimal regimens of TCM for the treatment of SS. The experts generally agreed on the low early diagnosis rate of SS and the lack of targeted therapeutic drugs. In addition, autoimmune abnormality is the key factor in the occurrence of SS and deficiency of both Qi and Yin is the core pathogenesis. SS has unique tongue manifestations, which is expected to allow for the early diagnosis and treatment with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. TCM has advantages in treating SS in terms of alleviating clinical symptoms and systemic involvement, individualized treatment, relieving sleep and mood disorders, preventing the occurrence in the early stage, and enhancing the effectiveness and reducing toxicity in the treatment by integrated TCM and western medicine. In general, TCM has advantages in different stages of SS. Internal and external use of TCM, acupuncture, and acupotome are all available options. The optimal regimens should be determined on the basis of pattern identification, stage of disease, and the advantages of TCM. Clinical characteristics and biomarkers of SS should be studied to classify patients, so as to design precision evidence-based TCM regimens for SS. On the basis of unique tongue manifestations of SS, models for early diagnosis and poor prognosis identification of SS should also be established to achieve early prevention and treatment and to improve the prognosis. In the future, we should vigorously carry out high-quality evidence-based medical research on the treatment of SS by TCM and integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine and develop relevant guidelines to optimize and standardize current diagnosis and treatment, thereby laying a basis for clarifying and explaining the advantages of TCM in treating SS.

2.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 823-828, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989720

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of percutaneous kyphoplasty (PKP) assisted by Huoxue Yigu Decoction on bone healing and postoperative recovery of lumbar function in elderly patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF).Methods:Randomized controlled trial. A total of 79 elderly patients with OVCF admitted to Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University were enrolled as the research objects between October 2017 and February 2021. According to random number table method, they were divided into observation group (40 cases) and control group (39 cases). The patients in the control group were treated with PKP, then they were given off-bed activities with thoracolumbar braces at 2 d after surgery and the braces were removed at 1 month after surgery, while the observation group was treated with Huoxue Yigu Decoction for 7 d on the basis of control group treatment. Before surgery and at 3 months after surgery, TCM syndromes were scored. The lumbar function was evaluated by Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA). The pain degree was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) at 7 d and 1 month after surgery. Before surgery and at 7 d after surgery, levels of serum osteocalcin and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) were detected by radioimmunoassay. The levels of serum IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α were detected by ELISA. The erythrocyte aggregation index, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity were detected by full-automatic blood rheometer. Before and at 3 months after surgery, loss rate of anterior margin vertebral height and sagittal kyphosis Cobb angle were detected by X-ray films. The bone mineral density (BMD) of femoral shaft was measured by dual-energy bone densitometer. The occurrence of postoperative complications was recorded.Results:There was no significant difference in total response rate between the observation group and control group [97.5% (39/40) vs. 92.3% (36/39); χ2=0.29, P=0.590]. At 3 months after surgery, scores of TCM syndromes in observation group were significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=5.63, P<0.01), and JOA score was significantly higher than that of the control group ( t=3.93, P<0.01). At 1 month after surgery, VAS score in observation group was significantly lower than that of the control group ( t=6.90, P<0.01). At 7d after surgery, levels of osteocalcin [(4.19±0.65) μg/L vs. (3.21±0.61) μg/L, t=6.91] and BMD [(0.86±0.17) g/cm 2vs. (0.71±0.15) g/cm 2, t=4.16] in observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group ( P<0.01), while BALP [(20.07±3.19) U/L vs. (22.16±3.52) U/L, t=2.77] was significantly lower than that of the observation group ( P<0.01). At 3 months after surgery, loss rate of anterior margin vertebral height and sagittal kyphosis Cobb angle in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=2.59, 2.81, P<0.01). At 7d after surgery, erythrocyte aggregation index, whole blood viscosity and plasma viscosity in observation group were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=2.92, 6.33, 4.64, P<0.01), and levels of serum IL-1, IL-6 and TNF-α were significantly lower than those in the control group ( t=2.33, 2.47, 3.45, P<0.01). There was no significant difference in incidence of postoperative complications between observation group and control group [2.50% (1/40) vs. 10.26% (4/39); χ2=2.00, P>0.05]. Conclusion:Huoxue Yigu Decoction can alleviate postoperative pain, promote bone healing and recovery of lumbar function, improve blood circulation and reduce inflammation level in elderly OVCF patients undergoing PKP.

3.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 758-767, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988721

ABSTRACT

objectiveTo explore the specific molecular mechanism of neuronal apoptosis induced by ATM inactivation. MethodsCGNs matured 7 days in vitro were cultured 8 h with 25 K, 5 K or 25 K medium containing ATM-specific inhibitors (Ku55933, 10 µmol/L; Ku60019, 15 µmol/L) for Hoechst stain and apoptosis analysis, or cultured for different lengths of time (2, 4, 8 h) to detect the protein expression levels of ATM, caspase-3 and cleaved caspase-3 by Western blotting. ATM and GADD45α specific siRNA was transfected into C6 cells and CGNs, and its interference efficiency was verified by q-PCR and Western blotting. CGNs matured for 5 days in vitro were transfected with ATM specific siRNA and pCMV-EGFP by calcium phosphate for 48 h, Hoechst staining and apoptosis analysis were performed. CGNs matured for 7 days in vitro were treated with 25 K medium containing ATM specific inhibitors for 8 h, transcriptome sequencing, differential expression gene identification and pathway enrichment analysis were performed. CGNs matured for 5 days in vitro were co-transfected with GADD45α specific siRNA and pCMV-EGFP by calcium phosphate for 48 h, then treated with 5 K or 25 K medium containing 15 µmol/L Ku6 for 8 h. Hoechst staining and apoptosis analysis were performed. ResultsCompared with the 25 K, CGNs nuclear pyknosis rate, cleaved Caspase-3 and ATM protein expression level were increased in the 5 K and ATM-specific inhibitor groups. The mRNA and protein expression levels of ATM and GADD45α were effectively reduced after transfection of ATM and GADD45α specific siRNA in C6 cells and CGNs. Compared with control, CGNs transfected with ATM specific siRNA showed a higher nuclear pyknosis rate. Totally 835 genes were identified to be up-regulated and 848 genes to be down-regulated in the Ku55933 treatment group; 454 genes were identified to be up-regulated and 314 genes to be down-regulated in the Ku6 treatment group; 274 genes were co-up regulated in the Ku5 and Ku60019 treatment groups, while 179 genes were co-down-regulated in the Ku5 and Ku6 treatment groups and the expression of ATM downstream target GADD45α was upregulated. The enrichment results showed that TNF signaling pathway, NF-κB signaling pathway and Apoptosis signaling pathway were significantly enriched. Compared with control, mRNA and protein expression levels of GADD45α were increased in inhibitor treatment and 5 K, while knocking down GADD45α resulted in a decrease in nuclear pyknosis rate in the Ku60019 and 5 K treatment group. ConclusionLoss of ATM activity induces GADD45α-dependent cerebellar granular neuronal apoptosis.

4.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 775-784, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985988

ABSTRACT

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease with complicated pathogenesis and diverse clinical manifestations. The current recommendations of the Chinese Rheumatology Association are based on a comprehensive investigation of evidence based medicine, domestic and international guidelines for SLE, and experts' proposals, and aim to provide a more scientific and authoritative reference for the diagnosis and management of SLE. The recommendations focus on four aspects; clinical manifestations, laboratory evaluation, diagnosis and disease assessment, and disease treatment and monitoring. The goal of the recommendations is to standardize the diagnosis and treatment of SLE in China so as to improve the prognosis of SLE patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Prognosis , Rheumatology , China , Severity of Illness Index
5.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 79-85, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970824

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship among the gross motor function classification system (GMFCS)and the development of hip joint and lumbar spine in children with spastic cerebral palsy.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 125 children with spastic cerebral palsy admitted from January 2018 to July 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 85 males and 40 females, aged from 4 to 12 years old with an average of (8.4±2.9) years. According to GMFCS, the patients were divided into gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ groups. There were 27 cases in gradeⅠgroup, 40 cases in gradeⅡgroup, 35 cases in grade Ⅲ group and 23 cases in grade Ⅳ group. The migration percentage(MP), central edge angle(CE), neck-shaft angle(NSA), acetabular index(AI) were measured by the radiograph of pelvis, abnormal parameters were selected to evaluate the relationship between different GMFCS grades and hip joint development. Lumbar sagittal Cobb angle, lumbar sacral angle, lumbar lordosis index and apical distance were measured by lateral lumbar radiographs to evaluate the relationship between different GMFCS grades and lumbar spine development.@*RESULTS@#①Among the 125 spastic cerebral palsy children, there were 119 cases of pelvic radiographs that met the measurement standards. In the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, MP was (22.72±3.88), (26.53±4.36), (33.84±4.99), and (49.54±7.87)%, CE was(30.10±6.99) °, ( 22.92±4.19) °, ( 17.91±5.50) °, and (-0.70±17.33)°, AI was (16.41±2.77) °, (20.46±4.63) °, (23.76±5.10) °, and ( 29.15±7.35)°, respectively, there were significant differences between the two comparisons (P<0.05). And the higher GMFCS grade, the greater MP and AI, and the smaller CE.The NSA was(142.74±10.03) °, (148.66±9.09) °, (151.66±10.52) °, and (153.70±8.05)° in four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, respectively. The differences between the two comparisons of the GMFCS gradeⅠgroup and the other three groups were statistically significant (P<0.05). NSA of GMFCSⅠgroup was significantly lower than that of the others, there was no significant difference among other groups(P>0.05). ② Among the 125 spastic cerebral palsy children, there were 88 cases of lumbar spine radiographs that met the measurement standards. ③The lumbar sagittal Cobb angle was(32.62±11.10) °, (29.86±9.90) °, (31.70±11.84) °, and (39.69±6.80)° in the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, respectively;GMFSS of grade Ⅳ group was significantly higher than that of other three groups, there was significant difference between the two comparisons (P<0.05);there were no significant differences between other groups (P>0.05). In the four groups with gradeⅠ, Ⅱ, Ⅲ, Ⅳ, the lumbosacral angle was (31.02±9.91) °, ( 26.57±9.41) °, (28.08±8.56) °, and ( 27.31±11.50)°, the lumbar lordosis index was (4.14±12.89), (8.83±13.53), (13.00±11.78), and (10.76±9.97) mm, the arch apex distance was (9.50±6.80), (6.68±3.20), (7.16±4.94), and (6.62±4.13) mm, respectively, there were no significant differences between the two comparisons(P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#①In children with GMFCS gradeⅠ-Ⅳ, the higher the GMFCS grade, the worse the hip develops. ② Children with GMFCS grade Ⅲ-Ⅳ may be at greater risk for lumbar kyphosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Lordosis , Retrospective Studies , Cerebral Palsy , Hip Dislocation , Lumbar Vertebrae/diagnostic imaging , Muscle Spasticity
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1700-1704, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970642

ABSTRACT

Chinese patent medicines(CPMs) are unique therapeutic drugs in China. Establishing and improving the evaluation criteria is an important measure to promote the high-quality development of CPMs. Based on the "evaluation criteria of high-grade CPMs with quality as the core index" established by our group in 2018, the "high-quality evaluation criteria for CPMs based on whole process control" was proposed in the present study in 2022. The scope of application and basic principles of the new criteria were clarified. A quality evaluation scoring table was established in the new criteria, including five parts: raw material selection, production process, quality control, efficacy evaluation, and brand building. The technical evaluation indexes involved have increased from 20% in the original criteria to 70% in the new criteria, and efficacy evaluation has been added in the new criteria. The subjective evaluation indicators account for a large proportion in the original criteria, which is prone to bias. The improved criteria overcome this shortcoming. It is expected that the new criteria as a basis can play a better role in the selection of high-quality products of CPMs, guide enterprises and institutions to participate actively in the evaluation and research of high-quality CPMs, and promote the high-quality development of CPMs.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Nonprescription Drugs , Chlorobenzenes , China
7.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 253-268, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970314

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Arsenic (As) and fluoride (F) are two of the most common elements contaminating groundwater resources. A growing number of studies have found that As and F can cause neurotoxicity in infants and children, leading to cognitive, learning, and memory impairments. However, early biomarkers of learning and memory impairment induced by As and/or F remain unclear. In the present study, the mechanisms by which As and/or F cause learning memory impairment are explored at the multi-omics level (microbiome and metabolome).@*METHODS@#We stablished an SD rats model exposed to arsenic and/or fluoride from intrauterine to adult period.@*RESULTS@#Arsenic and/fluoride exposed groups showed reduced neurobehavioral performance and lesions in the hippocampal CA1 region. 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that As and/or F exposure significantly altered the composition and diversity of the gut microbiome,featuring the Lachnospiraceae_NK4A136_group, Ruminococcus_1, Prevotellaceae_NK3B31_group, [Eubacterium]_xylanophilum_group. Metabolome analysis showed that As and/or F-induced learning and memory impairment may be related to tryptophan, lipoic acid, glutamate, gamma-aminobutyric acidergic (GABAergic) synapse, and arachidonic acid (AA) metabolism. The gut microbiota, metabolites, and learning memory indicators were significantly correlated.@*CONCLUSION@#Learning memory impairment triggered by As and/or F exposure may be mediated by different gut microbes and their associated metabolites.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Arsenic/toxicity , Fluorides , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S/genetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Metabolome , Microbiota
8.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 91-98, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965652

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of Tangbikang granules (TBK) on sciatic nerve inflammation in diabetic rats through modulation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/nuclear factor (NF)-κB pathway. MethodSD rats were fed with high-fat and high-sugar diet for 8 weeks and then treated with streptozotocin (STZ, ip) at 35 mg·kg-1 for modeling. Then the rats were randomized into diabetes group, low-dose (0.625 g·kg-1), medium-dose (1.25 g·kg-1), and high-dose (2.5 g·kg-1) TBK groups, and lipoic acid group (0.026 8 g·kg-1) according to body weight and blood glucose level, and a normal group was designed. After modeling, administration began and lasted 12 weeks. The body mass, blood glucose level, and thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) of the rats were detected before treatment and at the 4th, 8th, and 12th week of administration. At the 12th week, the sciatic nerve was collected for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and Luxol fast blue (LFB) staining, and the structural changes of sciatic nerve were observed under scanning electron microscope. The levels of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) in sciatic nerve were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the levels of AMPK, phosphorylated (p)-AMPK, and NF-κB proteins in the sciatic nerve were measured by Western blot. ResultThe blood glucose concentration and TWL in the model group were higher than those in the normal group at each time point (P<0.01). The levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NF-κB protein in sciatic nerve in the model group were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.01), and the p-AMPK/AMPK ratio was smaller than that in the normal group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, TBK of the three doses lowered the TWL (P<0.05, P<0.01) and the levels of IL-1β, TNF-α, and NF-κB protein in sciatic nerve of rats (P<0.05, P<0.01), and high-dose and medium-dose TBK raised p-AMPK/AMPK (P<0.05, P<0.01). The sciatic nerve fibers were orderly and compact with alleviation of demyelination in rats treated with TBK compared with those in the model group. ConclusionTBK improves the function of sciatic nerve and alleviates neuroinflammation in diabetic rats. The mechanism is the likelihood that it up-regulates the expression of AMPK in the AMPK/NF-κB pathway and inhibits the expression of downstream NF-κB, thereby alleviating the neuroinflammation caused by high levels of inflammatory factors such as IL-1β and TNF-α due to NF-κB activation.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 81-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965651

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the mechanism of Tangbikang granules (TBK) against diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) based on network pharmacology and in-vivo experiment. MethodThe active components in medicinals of TBK and their target genes were searched from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform (TCMSP). The active components of the medicinals which are not included in TCMSP were searched from previous research. After the analysis of drug-likeness by SwissADME, the target genes of them were predicted with SwissTargetPrediction. DPN-related target genes were retrieved from GeneCards. The common targets of the disease and the prescription were the hub genes of TBK against DPN, which were uploaded to Metascape for Gene Ontology (GO) term enrichment and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis. High-sugar and high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ, ip) were employed to induce diabetes in rats, and then the model rats were respectively treated with low-dose (0.625 g·kg-1), medium-dose (1.25 g·kg-1), and high-dose (2.5 g·kg-1) TBK for 12 weeks. Sensory nerve conduction velocity (SNCV) was evaluated. After hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining, the sciatic nerve was observed under light microscope to examine the nerve damage. Real-time PCR was performed to detect the gene expression of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway-related targets in rat sciatic nerve, and Western blot to measure the protein expression of AMPK and phosphorylated (p)-AMPK in rat sciatic nerve. ResultThe main active components of TBK, such as quercetin, kaempferol, β-sitosterol, leech pteridine A, stigmasterol, and baicalein were screened out, mainly acting on interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), protein kinase B (Akt), JUN, and HSP90AA1 and signaling pathways such as AMPK, nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK/STAT). Molecular docking results showed that β-sitosterol and stigmasterol had high binding affinity with IL-6, TNF, JUN, and HSP90AA1. As for the animal experiment, compared with the normal group, model group had low SNCV of sciatic nerve (P<0.01), disordered and loose myelinated nerve fibers with axonotmesis and demyelinization, low mRNA expression of AMPKα, AMPKβ, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), Sirtuin 3 (SirT3), mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM), and low p-AMPK/AMPK ratio in sciatic nerve (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the model group, TBK of the three doses raised the SNCV (P<0.01), restored nerve morphology and nerve compactness, and increased the mRNA expression of AMPKα, AMPKβ, PGC-1α, SirT3, and TFAM (P<0.05, P<0.01). The ratio of p-AMPK/AMPK in the high-dose and medium-dose TBK groups was higher than that in the model group (P<0.01), while the protein expression in the low-dose TBK group was insignificantly different from that in the model group. ConclusionTBK exerts therapeutic effect on DPN through multiple pathways and targets. The mechanism is that it activates and regulates AMPK/PGC-1α/SirT3 signaling, which lays a basis for further study of TBK in the treatment of DPN.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 71-80, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965650

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis study aims to investigate the therapeutic effect of Tangbikang granules(TBK) on type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) complicated with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and to elucidate the underlying mechanism. MethodT2DM and NAFLD were induced in ZDF rats, which were then respectively treated (ig) with low-dose (0.625 g·kg-1), medium-dose (1.25 g·kg-1), and high-dose (2.5 g·kg-1) TBK for 12 weeks. Fasting blood glucose (FBG) and body mass were recorded every 4 weeks during the treatment. One week before sampling, the feed intake of rats was detected, and after 12 h night fasting, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) was performed. The area under the curve (AUC) was used to evaluate glucose tolerance, and the homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) was calculated. Blood in abdominal aorta and liver were collected for determination of blood glucose and lipid metabolism indexes: Fasting serum insulin (FINS), serum total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA). The liver was weighed to calculate the liver index, and the liver tissue morphology was observed and analyzed based on hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and periodic acid-Schiff (PAS) staining. The protein levels of insulin receptor substrate (IRS), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (Akt) and phosphorylated IRS and Akt were detected by Western blotting. All data were analyzed by SPSS 20.0. ResultThe feed intake of the model group was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.01), and the feed intake the administration groups was lower than that in the model group (P<0.05, P<0.01). At the 8th and 12th week, the body mass in the model group was lower than that in the normal group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, TBK reduced FBG in a concentration-dependent manner. The blood glucose level in OGTT and AUC in the model group were higher/larger than those in the normal group (P<0.01). The blood glucose value in OGTT was decreased in TBK groups and the metformin group compared with that in the model group, and AUC in the administration groups was significantly different from that in the model group (P<0.01). The serum level of FINS and HOMA-IR in the model group were higher than those in the normal group (P<0.01), and they were lower in the TBK groups than in the model group (P<0.01). Serum levels of TG, TC, HDL-C, NEFA (P<0.05, P<0.01), and LDL-C were higher in the model group than in the normal group. Serum levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, and NEFA in the TBK groups were lower than those in the model group, and the levels of TG, LDL-C, and NEFA in TBK groups were concentration-dependent (lowest levels in high-dose TBK group). Compared with the model group, high-dose TBK significantly increased the level of HDL-C (P<0.05). Liver index of the model group was higher than that in the normal group (P<0.01). The liver index of the administration groups showed a decreasing trend with no significant difference from that in the model group. As for the HE staining result of liver, the model group had unclear structure of liver lobule, enlarged cells of different sizes, and obvious steatosis of hepatocytes. TBK of all doses alleviated liver injury, particularly the high dose. For the PAS staining, compared with the normal group, the model group demonstrated significant fat vacuoles and significant reduction in purplish red glycogen granules in the cytoplasm. The staining results of high- and medium-dose groups of TBK were more similar to the normal group. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of liver tissue. The expression of PI3K protein, p-IRS1/IRS1, and p-Akt/Akt in the model group were lower than those in the normal group (P<0.01), and they were higher in the high-dose TBK group than in the model group (P<0.01). ConclusionTBK exerts therapeutic effect on T2DM combined with NAFLD in ZDF rats by activating the typical PI3K signaling pathway.

11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 42-46, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971405

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the long-term characteristics of tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness and its long-term physical and mental effects on patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 88 patients (46 males and 42 females; Age from 11 to 89 years) with sudden deafness treated in Department of Otoscope Surgery of Peoples's Libration Army General Hospital in Beijing from April 2020 to January 2021, and the occurrence of tinnitus and treatment effect of all patients were analyzed. Follow-up was conducted for patients with residual tinnitus after treatment for more than 1 year by the investigation and filling in the survey information collection form, Tinnitus Evaluation Questionnaire (TEQ) and Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI). Descriptive statistics and SPSS 22.0 software were used for statistical data analysis. Results: In this study, 93.2% (82/88) of patients with sudden deafness were accompanied by tinnitus at the onset, and the proportion of long-term tinnitus after treatment was 90.2% (74/82). After 1 year of treatment for sudden deafness, the improvement of tinnitus was significant in low-frequency sudden deafness compared with those of high-frequency, flat and total deafness sudden deafness (χ2 value was 6.801, 4.568 and 4.038, all P<0.05). In patients with residual tinnitus, 9 (12.2%) patients felt minimal loudness or even no loudness, 34 (46.0%) patients felt slight loudness, 28 (37.8%) patients felt tinnitus was relatively loud, and 3 (4.1%) patients felt tinnitus was loud or noisy. Nine (12.2%) patients's sleep was often affected, 41 (55.4%) patients's sleep was sometimes affected, 9 (12.2%) patients's sleep was rarely affected, 15 (20.3%) patients's sleep was almost not affected. Twenty-eight (37.8%) patients basically completely adapted to tinnitus and 46 (62.2%) patients did not completely adapted to residual tinnitus. Eight (10.8%) patients had no impact on life, 39 (52.7%) patients had slight impact, 22 (29.7%) patients had moderate impact, and the other 5 (6.8%) patients had greater impact. According to tinnitus evaluation questionnaire(TEQ), there were 12 cases (16.2%) of grade Ⅰ, 26 cases (35.1%) of grade Ⅱ, 28 cases (37.8%) of grade Ⅲ, 7 cases (9.5%) of grade Ⅳ and 1 case (1.4%) of grade Ⅴ. According to tinnitus handicap inventory(THI), tinnitus disability was classified into grade Ⅰ, 22 cases (29.7%), grade Ⅱ, 14 cases (18.9%), Grade Ⅲ, 27 cases (36.5%) and grade Ⅳ, 11 cases (14.9%). Conclusion: The rate of residual tinnitus following treatment of sudden deafness is high. Some of the patients can completely adapt residual tinnitus after one year, but some of them will be affected when sleep, work and study. Residual tinnitus can lead to tinnitus disability in different degrees.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Hearing Loss, Sudden/therapy , Tinnitus/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Deafness/complications , Audiometry
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 88-93, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971278

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical effects of pulpotomy with two kinds of calcium silicate materials, and to evaluate the formation of dentin bridge and pulp calcification after pulpotomy of adult permanent teeth.@*METHODS@#Patients who visited the General Department of Peking University School and Hospital of Stomatology from November 2017 to September 2019 and planned for pulpotomy on permanent premolars and molars with carious exposed pulp were selected. They were randomly divided into two groups. Bioceramic putty material iRoot BP (iRoot group, n=22) and mineral trioxide aggregate MTA (MTA group, n=21) were used as pulp capping agents, respectively. The patients were recalled after one year and two years. The clinical efficacy, dentin bridge index (DBI) and pulp calcification index (PCI) were recorded. Blinding method was used for the patients and evaluators.@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in gender, mean age, dentition and tooth position between the two groups (P>0.05). Seven cases were lost during the first year (4 cases in iRoot group and 3 cases in MTA group). In the iRoot group, 1 case had transient sensitivity at the time of 1-year follow-up. The cure rate of the two groups was 100% at the time of 2-year follow-up. The proportion of dentin bridge formation was 38.9% one year after operation, 55.6% two years after operation. The proportion of partial or even complete disappearance of root canal image was 5.6% before operation, 38.9% and 55.6% one and two years after operation, respectively. The difference was statistically significant by rank sum test (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in dentin bridge formation and pulp calcification between the two groups (P < 0.05). DBI and PCI after operation was as the same as those before operation (44.4% cases of DBI and 25% cases of PCI) or gradually increased (55.6% cases of DBI and 75% cases of PCI). Spearman's nonparametric correlation analysis showed that age was positively correlated with preoperative pulp calcification index (PCI0, P < 0.05), but not with the dentin bridge index (DBI1, DBI2), pulp calcification index (PCI1, PCI2) and the degree of change (DBI2 vs. DBI1, PCI1 vs. PCI0, PCI2 vs. PCI0) 1-year and 2-year after operation (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#According to this study, good clinical effects were obtained within 2-year after pulpotomy of adult permanent teeth with MTA and iRoot. In some cases, the root canal system had a tendency of calcification aggravation, and there was no statistical difference in the development of this trend between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Pulpotomy/methods , X-Rays , Calcium Compounds/therapeutic use , Dentition, Permanent , Molar/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Silicates/therapeutic use , Aluminum Compounds/therapeutic use , Oxides , Drug Combinations , Dental Pulp Capping
13.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 481-488, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005859

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the dietary quality with the dietary balance index (DBI_16) and the association between dietary quality and bone mass among middle-aged and elderly people in Gansu Province so as to provide evidence for improving dietary quality and bone health status of Gansu population. 【Methods】 Based on the information of the type and quantity of food intake and the bone mass of middle-aged and elderly people aged 35 years and above collected by the Gansu Project in the Regional Ethnic Cohort Study in Northwest China, DBI_16 was used to evaluate the intake level of cereals, vegetables, fruits, milk, beans, fish and shrimp, eggs and other foods, and the degree of inadequate, excessive and unbalanced dietary intake of the participants. Multiple linear regression was used to evaluate the associations of three component indexes of DBI_16, high bound score (DBI_HBS), low bound score (DBI_LBS), diet quality distance (DBI_DQD), and seven single indexes of DBI_16 with bone mass. 【Results】 Analyses of the dietary and bone mass data of 11,840 participants showed that 44.8% of participants consumed excessive amounts of cereals compared to the dietary recommendation. 96.3%, 90.6%, 90.1%, 71.9%, 95.1% and 60.3% of participants’ intake of vegetables, fruits, milk, soybeans, fish and shrimp, and eggs, respectively, were inadequate. 47.7% participants consumed less than 10 types of food. 2.3% participants’ DBI_LBS levels were appropriate. 54.7% participants’ DBI_HBS levels were appropriate. Only 1.2% participants’ DBI_DQD reached a balanced level. The bone mass level in the study population was (2.5±0.6) kg [(2.8±0.5) kg for men and (2.3±0.5) kg for women]. After adjusting for sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle, total dietary energy intake and body mass index, DBI_LBS and DBI_DQD were negatively associated with bone mass [β and 95% CI was -0.002 01 (-0.003 62--0.000 40) and -0.001 76 (-0.003 09--0.000 43), respectively]. 【Conclusion】 Dietary intake imbalance is common among middle-aged and elderly people in Gansu Province, and the more severe the dietary intake imbalance, the lower the bone mass level.

14.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 131-139, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997666

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of spleen-Yin deficiency on gastrointestinal absorption, water metabolism and intestinal flora in rats with spleen-Yin deficiency syndrome. MethodA rat model of spleen-Yin deficiency syndrome was established by using the composite factors, including irregular meat and vegetable diet, weight-bearing fatigue swimming and gavage with warm-heat injury-Yin drugs. The changes of body weight, food intake, water intake and duration of swimming in the blank and model groups were observed. Hematoxylin-eosin(HE) staining was used to observe the histopathological damage of the stomach and colon. Urinary excretion rate of D-xylose was determined by phloroglucinol method. The content of gastrin(GAS) in serum was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The relative expression levels of vasoactive intestinal peptide(VIP), aquaporin 3(AQP3) and AQP4 in gastric tissues were detected by Western blot. The relative mRNA expression levels of VIP, AQP3 and AQP4 in gastric tissues were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction(Real-time PCR), and the changes of intestinal flora were analyzed by 16S rDNA sequencing. ResultCompared with the blank group, the results of general physical signs showed that the body weight and food intake of rats in the model group were significantly decreased, the water intake was significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01), and the duration of swimming was significantly decreased(P<0.01). Pathological examination results showed that in the mucosa of gastric tissues of rats in the model group appeared to be misaligned, the mucosa of colonic tissues could be seen to be obviously thinned or mutilated, and the epithelial cells appeared to be necrotic or even exfoliated. Compared with the blank group, the urinary D-xylose excretion rate of rats in the model group was significantly decreased(P<0.01), and the serum GAS content was significantly decreased(P<0.05). Compared with the blank group, Western blot results showed that the relative expression level of VIP protein in gastric tissues of rats in the model group was significantly decreased, while the relative expression levels of AQP4 and AQP3 proteins were significantly increased(P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, Real-time PCR results showed that the relative expression level of VIP mRNA in gastric tissues of rats in the model group was significantly decreased(P<0.01), and the relative mRNA expression levels of AQP3 and AQP4 were significantly increased(P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the blank group, the results of intestinal flora analysis showed that the number of operational taxonomic units(OTUs) and α-diversity increased and β-diversity decreased significantly in the model group, the abundance of Porphyromonadaceae was increased significantly, and the abundance of Oscillibacter_ruminantium was decreased significantly(P<0.05). Spearman correlation analysis showed that Porphyromonadaceae was significantly positively correlated with AQP4 protein level, while Oscillibacter_ruminantium was significantly positively correlated with VIP protein level, and negatively correlated with AQP3 and AQP4 protein levels(P<0.05). Linear discriminant analysis effect size(LEfSe) analysis results showed that there were significant differences in a variety of intestinal bacteria between groups, and the intestinal bacteria of the model group were significantly enriched in the phylum/order/family/genus of Elusimicrobia, Betaproteobacteria, Burkholderiales, Sutterellaceae and Parasutterella(P<0.05). ConclusionSpleen-Yin deficiency syndrome can weaken the digestion and absorption capacity of gastrointestinal tract, and cause the disturbance of water metabolism and intestinal flora. AQP4, AQP3 and VIP protein levels of gastric mucosa are closely related to Porphyromonadaceae and Oscillibacter_ruminantium. And AQP4, AQP3 and VIP may be involved in the regulation of intestinal flora in order to affect the physiological function of spleen governing transportation and transformation.

15.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 843-853, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980805

ABSTRACT

The efficacy on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) at stable stage treated with different methods of acupuncture and moxibustion was evaluated using network Meta-analysis method. The articles of the randomized controlled trial (RCT) on stable COPD treated with acupuncture and moxibustion were searched electronically in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, EMbase, Web of Science and Cochrane library. The search was conducted from the inception of the databases to March 20th, 2022. Data analysis was performed using R4.1.1, Stata16.0 and RevMan5.3 softwares. A total of 48 RCTs were included, involving 15 kinds of acupuncture and moxibustion interventions and a sample size of 3 900 cases. The results of network Meta-analysis showed that: ① For the forced expiratory volume in one second predicted (FEV1%), both the governor vessel moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (G+C therapy) and the yang-supplementing moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (Y+C therapy) obtained the better effect than that of the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the G+C therapy was more effective compared with the thread-embedding therapy combined with conventional treatment (E+C therapy) and warm needling (P<0.05). ② Concerning to COPD assessment test (CAT) score, the results indicated that the Y+C therapy, and the mild moxibustion combined with conventional treatment (M+C therapy) were more effective when compared with the conventional treatment (P<0.05), and the effect of the Y+C therapy was better than that of the E+C therapy (P<0.05). ③ Regarding six-minute walking distance (6MWD), the effect of acupuncture combined with conventional treatment (A+C therapy) was better than that of either the E+C therapy or the conventional treatment (P<0.05). The effect of the G+C therapy was optimal for improving FEV1%, the Y+C therapy obtained the best effect for improving CAT score, and A+C therapy was the most effective for improving 6MWD. Due to the limitation of the quality and quantity of included studies, this conclusion needs to be further verified through high-quality RCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Moxibustion , Network Meta-Analysis , Acupuncture Therapy , Databases, Factual , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy
16.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1173-1180, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978686

ABSTRACT

To identify the active constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients in vivo from Yin Chen Hao decoction provides scientific evidence for probing its prevention and treatment mechanism on acute liver injury. An ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography quadrupole-time of flight-mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF/MS) method was applied for analysis of Yin Chen Hao decoction and the serum samples of mice with con-A induced acute liver injury after preventive oral administration for 14 days (the use of all laboratory animals in this study was approved by the Ethics Committee of the Naval Medical University, 19YF1459400). A total of 90 chemical constituents were identified from Yin Chen Hao decoction, mainly were flavonoids, terpenoids, tannins, quinones. 5 prototype compounds were identified in the serum, including chrysophanol, deoxyrhapontin-8-O-gallate, mussaenosidic acid, herniarin, emodin. The established UPLC-QTOF/MS method could efficiently and sensitively identify the constituents in vitro and blood-absorbed ingredients of Yin Chen Hao decoction, primarily clarify the material basis of its hepatoprotective effect, and provided a scientific basis for the quality marker selection and the pharmacodynamic material basis research on the decoction.

17.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1218-1224, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976500

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of lacrimal canalicular plug in the treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease(coGVHD).METHODS: Retrospective study. A total of 9 patients with severe coGVHD admitted to the dry eye clinic of the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from June to September 2022 were included. All patients underwent binocular inferior lacrimal canaliculus plug. Ocular surface disease index(OSDI)score, tear meniscus height(TMH), corneal fluorescein staining(CFS)scores, conjunctival lisamine green staining(CLGS)score, noninvasive breakup time(NIBUT), Schirmer Ⅰ test(SⅠt)and the infiltration of Langerhans cells in the superficial corneal stroma tested by confocal corneal microscopy were observed before treatment and at 1 and 3 mo after treatment. At the same time, the complications related to lacrimal canalicular plug implantation were evaluated.RESULTS: The OSDI score decreased from 67.33±12.64 before treatment to 21.89±6.07 after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01); TMH increased from 0.09±0.02mm to 0.21±0.03mm after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.05), and NIBUT increased from 2.24±0.68s before treatment to 6.77±2.05s after 3mo of treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). In addition, the CFS and CLGS also changed significantly, from 9.11±1.45 and 6.33±1.00 before treatment to 2.22±0.67 and 2.56±0.88 at 3mo after treatment, respectively(all P&#x003C;0.01). The density of Langerhans cells decreased from 140.22±38.18cells/mm2 before treatment to 39.67±9.75cells/mm2 3mo after treatment(P&#x003C;0.01). SⅠt showed no significant difference before and after treatment(F=0.059, P=0.943). During the whole follow-up period, no complications such as plug abscission were observed.CONCLUSION: Lacrimal canalicular plug is safe and effective in the treatment of severe coGVHD. It can significantly improve the symptoms and signs of dry eye patients and reduce inflammatory reaction.

18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1179-1184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976492

ABSTRACT

AIM: To study the effects of long-term use of clozapine on tear film stability and ocular surface tissue structure.METHODS: Case-control study was conducted on 45 patients(group 1)who were diagnosed with schizophrenia and treated with clozapine for 3.45±0.72a between March 2021 and December 2021. Another 45 healthy subjects(group 2)served as controls, whose demographic characteristics were similar to those of group 1. Patients' dry eye symptoms were investigated using OSDI questionnaire, tear secretion was detected by the Schirmer I test, ocular surface damage was assessed by the ocular surface staining score, and comprehensive ophthalmic examination was performed on all patients through LipiView ocular surface interferometer, ocular surface integrated analyzer, corneal confocal microscope and slit lamp photographic system.RESULTS: Slit-lamp photography showed diffuse grayish-white spot-like opacification in the corneal stroma of group 1, accompanied by brown star-like opacification in the center of the anterior capsule of the lens. OSDI scores were 38.00(31.50, 48.50)and 15.00(9.00, 19.50)in the two groups respectively. Schirmer test showed that the group 1 was 5.27±2.18mm/5min, while group 2 was 15.62±3.05mm/5min. Corneal fluorescein staining score: 4.00(2.50, 5.00)for group 1 and 1.00(0.00, 1.50)for group 2. The lissamine green staining score for the conjunctiva was 9.00(6.50, 10.00)and 3.00(2.00, 3.50)for the two groups, respectively. LipiView detected lipid layer thickness(LLT), suggesting that the results of group 1 and group 2 were similar, respectively 75.91±15.51 and 77.24±12.11nm; and the results were similar for the lid gland deficiency score, with 1.37±0.26 and 1.29±0.31 points, respectively. The mean tear meniscus height in group 1 was 0.13±0.06mm, which was lower than 0.23±0.04mm of group 2. Non-invasive breakup time(NIBUT)was 6.04±2.62 and 11.4±2.74s in group 1 and group 2 respectively. OSDI score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, ocular surface staining score, tear meniscus height and NIBUT were significantly different between the two groups(P&#x003C;0.05). Confocal corneal microscopy suggested decreased corneal nerve fiber density with stromal layer inflammatory cell infiltration and pigmentation in group 1.CONCLUSION: The antipsychotic drug clozapine can induce dry eye with a range of ocular surface injuries such as corneal pigmentation, and patients who taking such drugs should be routinely examined by an ophthalmologist.

19.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 551-558, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973646

ABSTRACT

Background The contribution of long-term ambient PM2.5 exposure to hypertension should not be ignored. However, the conclusions of whether dietary factors play a role in regulating PM2.5-related hypertension are still inconsistent. Objective To explore the correlation between long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and blood pressure indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure) in adults in Ningxia and a potential moderating effect of dietary factors. Methods A set of cross-sectional survey data from March, 2013 to May, 2018 was retrieved from the China Northwest Cohort-Ningxia, and the average ambient PM2.5 concentration in the previous three years was also collected to estimate the long-term exposure of the participants. Binary logistic regression model was used to validate the correlation between long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and hypertension in Ningxia, and linear model was used to study the correlation between long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 and blood pressure indicators (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure), and to explore the influence of dietary factors on ambient PM2.5-related hypertension. Results A total of 11470 participants were included in the study, 42.2% male and 57.8% female. The three-year average ambient PM2.5 concentration before the baseline survey was 37.0 μg·m−3. Each 1 μg·m−3 increase in ambient PM2.5 was associated with an increased risk of hypertension (OR=1.111, 95%CI: 1.097, 1.125), and increased systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and pulse pressure by 0.886 (95%CI: 0.783, 0.990), 0.570 (95%CI: 0.500, 0.641), 0.676 (95%CI: 0.600, 0.751), and 0.316 (95%CI: 0.243, 0.389) mmHg, respectively. The stratified analysis showed that the OR and 95%CI of hypertension were 1.171 (1.097, 1.254), 1.117 (1.064, 1.174), and 1.160 (1.116, 1.207) respectively for each 1 μg·m−3 increased in PM2.5 with low frequency of vegetable and fruit consumption and salty taste respectively. The OR and 95%CI of hypertension were decreased when the moderate and high frequency of vegetable and fruit intake and moderate and light taste applied, the values were 1.091 (1.062, 1.121) and 1.114 (1.097, 1.131), 1.105 (1.082, 1.129) and 1.111 (1.092, 1.13), 1.115 (1.090, 1.140) and 1.102 (1.083, 1.121) respectively. Compared with low frequency of vegetable and fruit intake and salty taste, the increase degree of ambient PM2.5 related systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure and pulse pressure also decreased in middle and high frequency of vegetable and fruit intake and moderate and light taste. Conclusion Long-term exposure to ambient PM2.5 is significantly associated with increased risks of hypertension and blood pressure in Ningxia area. Increasing the frequency of vegetable and fruit intake and decreasing salty taste may reduce the effect of ambient PM2.5 on hypertension and blood pressure.

20.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 14-25, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927689

ABSTRACT

Manganese is an element essential for living organisms. Development of industrial technologies and exploitation of mineral resources have led to the release of large amount of Mn(Ⅱ) into the environment, posing a serious threat to human health. Bioremediation can remove the Mn(Ⅱ) from the environment rapidly and effectively without generating secondary pollution, thus received increasing attention. This review summarized the diversity and distribution of Mn(Ⅱ) removal microorganisms and the associated mechanisms, followed by discussing the effect of environmental factors on microbial Mn(Ⅱ) removal. Finally, the challenges and prospects for bioremediation of Mn(Ⅱ) polluted wastewater were proposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biodegradation, Environmental , Manganese , Oxidation-Reduction , Wastewater
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