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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 730-738, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932886

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate in-hospital mortality after knee replacement (KR) and to assess its trend and risk factors in China.Methods:We included patients undergoing KR in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China (2013-2019) to estimate in-hospital mortality after KR and assessed relation of patient's and hospital's characteristics (year of surgery, age, gender, marital status, primary indication, Charlson comorbidity index, geographic location, hospital type, hospital volume of KR, and surgery type) to in-hospital mortality using multivariable Poisson regression.Results:The annual amount of KR has increased from 20 307 in 2013 to 35 757 in 2019, and has maintained an upward trend for 7 years. The mean age of patients having KR increased from 64.9 years in 2013 to 66.6 years in 2019. Of the total 218 923 KRs, 63 deaths (0.29‰) occurred within 30 days before discharging. Older age was associated with higher in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Male gender had higher incidence of in-hospital mortality compared with female [relative risk (RR), 2.5; 95% CI: 1.5, 4.1]. Single marital status was associated with higher, albeit non-statistically significant, in-hospital mortality than married patients (RR, 2.1; 95% CI: 0.9, 4.6). Higher Charlson comorbidity index was associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality ( P for trend <0.001). Risk of in-hospital mortality decreased with more hospital-year knee replacement surgeries ( P for trend <0.001). In-hospital mortality varied by geographic regions, with the lowest mortality in East region (0.16‰), followed by South-West (0.31‰), South-Central (0.31‰), North region (0.33‰), North-West (0.54‰) and North-East (0.59‰). Conclusion:In-hospital mortality after KR in China was relatively low. Older age, male gender, higher Charlson comorbidity index and lower hospital-year knee replacement surgeries were risk factors for in-hospital mortality. The mortality varied greatly according to the geographic location of hospital.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 129-132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884692

ABSTRACT

Patellofemoral osteoarthritis (PFOA) is a subtype of knee osteoarthritis that has gained popularity in recent years due to its high prevalence and disease burden. The National Clinical Research Center for Geriatric Disorders (Xiangya Hospital) and the Joint Surgery Branch of the Chinese Orthopaedic Association, together with the editorial department of the Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics, convened a panel of orthopaedic experts to come up with guidelines. Subsequently, the Chinese clinical practice guideline for patellofemoral osteoarthritis (2020 edition) was officially released in September 2020. This is of utmost importance in standardizing the clinical diagnosis and treatment of PFOA in China. The present guideline focused on the diagnosis (symptoms, signs and imaging changes), non-surgical interventions (primary treatment and pharmacotherapy) and surgical interventions (repair and reconstruction) of PFOA. The present interpretation aims to address key emerging clinical issues in the diagnosis and treatment of PFOA in China.

3.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1461-1468, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869097

ABSTRACT

Objective:To estimate the burden of hip fractures and related factors among the Chinese middle-aged and elderly population.Methods:Based on the data of China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS) in 2015, the burden of hip fractures among Chinese middle-aged and elderly population was evaluated as the years lived with disability (YLD) rate. The relationship between gender, age (45-49, 50-59, 60-69 and ≥70 years old), educational level (no education, elementary school, junior high school, high school and above), region (urban, rural), gross domestic production (GDP) per capita (low, medium and high) and geographic area (northern, eastern, south-central, northwest and southwest regions) and the YLD rate of hip fractures were analyzed, respectively.Results:Excluding items with missing basic information and hip fracture data, a total of 17,830 subjects (8,405 males and 9,425 females) were included in the study with average age 61.6±9.8 years (range 45 to 105 years). The average age in male was 61.9±9.6 years, and that in female was 61.2±10.1 years. The prevalence of hip fractures was 2.3% (410/17,830). The total YLD rate was [694/100,000 (95% Uncertainty Interval ( UI): 462/100,000, 989/100,000)]. The YLD rates were similar between male [693/100,000 (95% UI: 461/100,000, 988/100,000)] and female [696/100,000 (95% UI: 463/100,000, 992/100,000)] subgroups. The YLD rate of hip fractures was increasing with age, which reached at maximum of 1,155/100,000 (95% UI: 769/100,000, 1,646/100,000) for participants aged 70 years or above. The rate was gradually decreased with the upgrade of the educational level. The participants with high school education and above reached the lowest of 434/100,000 (95% UI: 289/100,000, 619/100,000). In addition, the YLD rate of hip fractures in rural areas [721/100,000 (95% UI: 480/100,000, 1,027/100,000)] was higher than that in urban areas [650/100,000 (95% UI: 433/100,000, 926/100,000)]. The YLD rate in areas with higher GDP per capita [545/100,000 (95% UI: 363/100,000, 777/100,000)] was lower than that in areas with lower GDP per capita [761/100,000 (95% UI: 506/100,000, 1,084/100,000)]. Moreover, the participants living in the Northwest region were with the highest YLD rate of hip fractures [1,056/100,000 (95% UI: 703/100,000, 1,506/100,000)], followed by the Southwest region [887/100,000 (95% UI: 590/ 100,000, 1,264/100,000)] and the Northeast region [317/100,000 (95% UI: 211/100,000, 452/100,000)]. Conclusion:Hip fractures exerted heavy burdens on the Chinese middle-aged and elderly population. The YLD rate of hip fractures varied according to geographical regions, greater age, rural areas, low educational levels and low GDP per capita. These related factors could affect the disease burden of hip fractures in China.

4.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 426-431, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813285

ABSTRACT

To examine the association between serum copper concentration and the prevalence of hypertension in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
 Methods: A total of 935 patients who were aged ≥40 years and underwent routine checkups from October 2013 to November 2014 at the Health Management Center of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University were included. They were diagnosed as knee OA by weight-bearing bilateral anteroposterior radiography. Serum copper concentration was measured using the chemiluminescence method. Blood pressure was measured by an electronic sphygmomanometer. The association between serum copper concentration and hypertension was evaluated by conducting multivariable adjusted logistic regression.
 Results: Compared with the lowest quintile, the multivariable-adjusted odds ratio (OR) and related 95% confidence interval (95% CI) of hypertension were 1.46 (95% CI 1.02 to 2.09, P for trend=0.035) and 1.47 (95% CI 0.77 to 2.78, P for trend=0.032) in the total population and female subgroup of the highestest quintile, respectively. There was no significant association between serum copper and hypertension in male subgroup among OA patients (OR=1.21, 95% CI 0.76 to 1.93, P for trend=0.354).
 Conclusion: The serum copper concentration was significantly associated with the prevalence of hypertension in total population and female subgroup, but may not in male subgroup among patients with knee OA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Copper , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hypertension , Odds Ratio , Osteoarthritis, Knee , Risk Factors
5.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 784-789, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813237

ABSTRACT

To examine the association between dietary zinc intake and phalangeal osteoporosis.
 Methods: The subjects of this study were members aged over 40 years or above of the general population who had undergone routine health examinations at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in Changsha, Hunan, China, between October 2013 and December 2015. Dietary zinc intake was measured using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Phalangeal osteoporosis was diagnosed according to the WHO criteria based on the assessment of bone mineral density. According to the quartile distribution, serum zinc concentrations were classified into categories: Q1≤15.40 mg/d, Q2 15.41-18.67 mg/d, Q3 18.68-22.76 mg/d, and Q4≥22.77 mg/d. The association between dietary zinc intake with phalangeal osteoporosis was evaluated by conducting multivariable adjusted logistic regression. The dose-response relationship between them was assessed by restricted cubic spline regression.
 Results: A total of 6 267 subjects were included, 602 (9.6%) among them were suffered from phalangeal osteoporosis. The multivariable-adjusted models (i.e. Model 2 and 3) showed that, compared with the lowest quartile, the odds ratios (ORs) for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the second, third and fourth quartiles of dietary zinc intake (Model 2: P for trend = 0.045; Model 3: P for trend = 0.031) in the total population; the ORs for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the third and fourth quartiles of dietary zinc intake (Model 2 and 3: P for trend = 0.018) in the male population; and the ORs for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the second, third and fourth dietary zinc intake quartiles (Model 2: P for trend = 0.227; Model 3: P for trend = 0.217) in the female population. There also existed dose-response relationship between dietary zinc intake and the prevalence of phalangeal osteoporosis (P<0.001).
 Conclusion: Dietary zinc intake is negatively associated with phalangeal osteoporosis in the total population and male subgroup, but not female subgroup.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet , Osteoporosis , Zinc
6.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 892-897, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813178

ABSTRACT

To investigate the association between red blood cell volume distribution width (RDW) and osteophytes.
 Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Department of Health Examination Center of Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in Changsha, Hunan Province, China. A total of 8 334 subjects were included in this study. The severity of osteophytes was graded using the criteria of the Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI). Osteophytes incident was defined as at least one side of the knee had a osteophytes grade ≥1. According to the quartiles of the RDW level, the subjects were divided into 4 groups. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and the 95% confidence interval (CI) of the knee osteophytes incidence between each RDW group and the lowest level group. Tests for linear trends were conducted based on logistic regression using a median variable of RDW level in each category.
 Results: Quartile 1 (Q1), RDW≤9.78; Q2, 9.7813.10. The multivariable adjusted ORs (95%CI) of the prevalence of osteophytes were 1.38 (1.06 to 1.79) in the second percentile interval, and 1.27 (0.97 to 1.66) and 1.50 (1.15 to 1.94) in the third and fourth percentile interval, respectively. Test for linear trends suggested that there was a positive association between the RDW level and the risk of knee osteophytes incidence (P=0.019).
 Conclusion: The risk of osteophytes incidence increases with the increasing RDW levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Confidence Intervals , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Volume , Incidence , Odds Ratio , Osteophyte , Blood , Epidemiology , Risk Factors , Severity of Illness Index
7.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6228-6232, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454611

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Symptomatic treatment is the main management strategy for patients with knee osteoarthritis at early metaphase. Some previous studies have demonstrated that neuromuscular electrical stimulation can al eviate pain in knee osteoarthritis patients. To date, this effectiveness, however, stil remains controversial. OBJECTIVE:To assess the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation on pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis. METHODRandomized control ed trials concerning the efficacy of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis were identified from the Medline database conducted up to July 3, 2014. These studies were selected independently by two reviewers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Meta-analysis was performed using Revman5.2 software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 5 randomized control ed trials consisting of 239 participants were included. The results of the meta-analysis indicate neuromuscular electrical stimulation has no significant impact on measure of pain in knee osteoarthritis patients in comparison to the blank control group [mean difference=-0.40, 95%confidence interval (-1.34-0.54), P=0.40]. Owing to the sample limitations of our study, it is hard for us to draw a conclusion that the application of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in managing pain in patients with knee osteoarthritis is of little significance. Further work based on large-sample and high-quality randomized control ed trials is needed to determine the role of neuromuscular electrical stimulation in pain in this population.

8.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 6863-6870, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-471658

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament has become the gold-standard treatment for an anterior cruciate ligament rupture. Despite the popularity of the procedure, there remains a considerable amount of controversies over whether an autograft or anal ograft should be used for primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. OBJECTIVE:To compare the clinical outcomes of al ograft and autograft in primary anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction. METHODS:Randomized control ed trials concerning autograft versus non-irradiated al ograft for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction were identified from the PubMed/Medline database conducted up to July 12, 2014. These studies were selected independently by two reviewers according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Meta-analysis was performed using Revman5.2 software. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:A total of 6 randomized control ed trials consisting of 858 cases were included, 441 cases in autograft group and 417 cases in non-irradiated al ograft. The results of the meta-analysis indicate no significant difference between autografts and non-irradiated al ografts in overal IKDC [relative risk (RR)=1.02, 95%confidence interval (CI) (0.99 to 1.06), P=0.21], degree of laxity [mean difference (MD)=-0.13, 95%CI (-0.29 to-0.02), P=0.09], Lachman test [RR=1.04, 95%CI (0.95 to 1.13), P=0.37], pivot shift test [RR=1.00, 95%CI (0.95 to 1.05), P=0.96], one-leg hop test [RR=1.01, 95%CI (0.96 to 1.06), P=0.77], Lysholm score [MD=-0.64, 95%CI (-1.45 to 0.17), P=0.12], Tegner score [MD=0.16, 95%CI (-0.16 to 0.47), P=0.34] and rate of postoperative complications [RR=1.42, 95%CI (0.67 to 3.04), P=0.36]. Therefore, in the meta-analysis, there is no significant difference between autograft and non-irradiated al ograft in clinical outcomes. However due to the limitations of our study, further work is needed to determine this conclusion.

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