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1.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 976-985, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore eye movement characteristics in newly diagnosed, drug-naive Parkinson′s disease (PD) patients and their correlation with motor and non-motor symptoms.Methods:Seventy-five newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients and 46 healthy controls (HCs) were included in this cross-sectional study. Patients were recruited from the Department of Neurology, Shanghai Ninth People′s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine from November 2017 to December 2021, while HCs were recruited from the local community during the same period. For PD patients, motor severity was measured with the modified Hoehn and Yahr stage, Movement Disorder Society Unified Parkinson′s Disease Rating Scale part Ⅲ and the Freezing of Gait questionnaire. Non-motor symptoms were evaluated by serial scales such as Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire, 16-item odor identification test from Sniffin Sticks, 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression, Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination, Montreal Cognitive Assessment Basic and REM Behavior Disorder Screening Questionnaire. All subjects underwent oculomotor test including pro-saccade task and smooth pursuit eye movement (SPEM) task in the horizontal direction via videonystagmography. Visually guided saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at three frequencies (0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz) of the horizontal axis were compared between the 2 groups. The association between key oculomotor parameters and clinical phenotypes was explored in PD patients. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses of eye movement parameters as independent factors were also performed for detecting PD from HCs, then combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) as the model to distinguish PD from HCs.Results:Relative to HCs, newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients showed prolonged saccadic latency [(210.4±41.3) ms vs (191.3±18.9) ms, t=-3.445, P=0.001] and decreased saccadic accuracy (88.4%±6.8% vs 92.2%±6.1%, t=3.064, P=0.003). SPEM gain in PD was uniformly reduced at each frequency(0.1 Hz: 0.68±0.15 vs 0.74±0.14, t=2.261, P=0.026; 0.2 Hz: 0.72±0.16 vs 0.79±0.16, t=2.704, P=0.008; 0.4 Hz: 0.67±0.19 vs 0.78±0.19, t=2.937, P=0.004). The ROC analyses of saccade latency, saccadic accuracy and gain in SPEM at 0.1, 0.2, 0.4 Hz as independent factors for detecting PD from HCs showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of each parameter was lower than 0.7: the AUC of saccade latency was 0.641 ( P=0.010), the AUC of saccadic accuracy was 0.681 ( P=0.001), the AUC of gain in SPEM at 0.1 Hz was 0.616 ( P=0.032), at 0.2 Hz was 0.652 ( P=0.005), at 0.4 Hz was 0.660 ( P=0.003). Combining the saccadic latency, saccadic accuracy and the most significant SPEM gain (0.4 Hz) revealed that the model could significantly distinguish PD from HCs with an 80.4% sensitivity and a 73.3% specificity (AUC=0.780, P<0.001). Prolonged saccadic latency was correlated with long disease duration ( β=0.334, 95% CI 0.014-0.654, P=0.041), whereas decreased SPEM gain was associated with severe motor symptoms in newly diagnosed drug-naive PD patients (0.1 Hz: β=-0.004, 95% CI -0.008--0.001, P=0.036; 0.4 Hz: β=-0.006, 95% CI -0.011--0.001, P=0.012). Conclusions:Ocular movements are impaired in newly diagnosed, drug-naive PD patients. These changes could be indicators for disease progression in PD.

2.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 65-70, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934077

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the diagnostic value of blue light imaging-bright (BLI-bright) and linked color imaging (LCI) for early esophageal cancer (EEC).Methods:Data of 63 consecutive patients with EEC who underwent gastroscopy under BLI-bright, LCI and white-light imaging (WLI) and endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) from May 2018 to August 2020 at Fuding Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine were analyzed retrospectively in the cohort study. Subjective visibility analysis was performed by 6 endoscopists who were divided into 2 groups (expert group and trainee group) with 3 endoscopists in each group. The main observation index was the visibility score (ranking score, RS). The objective color difference (Δ E) between lesions of EEC and surrounding mucosa under 3 modes were analyzed by using the L *a *b * color space. Results:The overall RS of 6 endoscopists under WLI mode (2.57±0.81) was significantly lower than that under LCI (3.25±0.67) ( t=9.71, P<0.001) and BLI-bright (3.18±0.67) ( t=9.31, P<0.001). In the expert group, the RS of WLI (2.71±0.80) was significantly lower than that of LCI (3.33±0.66) ( t=7.16, P<0.001) and BLI-bright (3.42±0.62) ( t=8.09, P<0.001). In the trainee group, the RS of WLI (2.40±0.90) was also significantly lower than that of LCI (3.15±0.83) ( t=9.62, P<0.001) and BLI-bright (2.89±0.92) ( t=5.69, P<0.001), and the RS of LCI was higher than that of BLI-bright ( t=4.07, P<0.001). The Δ E between lesions of EEC and surrounding mucosa under WLI (11.52±3.40) was significantly lower than that under LCI (16.64±4.70) ( t=7.10, P<0.001) and BLI-bright (15.72±3.84) ( t=7.88, P<0.001). Conclusion:BLI-bright and LCI can effectively improve EEC visibility and color difference between EEC and surrounding mucosa. Furthermore, LCI is more conducive to the detection of EEC for the trainees.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 310-316, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933453

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the clinical application of LASEREO endoscopic system in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods:A total of 68 patients diagnosed with EGC were retrospectively analyzed between August 2017 to December 2020 in Fuding Hospital Affiliated to Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. There were 50 males and 18 females finally enrolled with a median age of 64 years. EGCs were analyzed from subjective and objective aspect, as well as from magnification and non-magnification status. Six endoscopists evaluated the visibility of the EGC (RSC) and calculated the color difference (ΔEC) between EGC and the surrounding mucosa in white light imaging (WLI), blue light imaging-bright (BLI-Bri) and linked color imaging (LCI) modes. In the case of magnification (×80), the visibility of the microstructures and microvessels (RSV) was analyzed and the color difference (ΔEV) between microvessels and non-vessels areas were calculated in WLI, BLI and LCI modes. The visibility was evaluated using visibility ranking scale(RS) and the color difference (ΔE) was calculated using L*a*b* color space.Results:In WLI, BLI-Bri, and LCI modes, the mean (±SD) RSC were 2.56±0.68, 2.63±0.59 and 3.17±0.50, and the mean(±SD) ΔEC were 15.71±5.58, 12.04±3.73, and 22.84±8.46, respectively, which in LCI were higher than those in WLI and BLI-Bri modes ( P<0.001).Regarding the data evaluated by senior endoscopists, the RSC was higher in BLI-Bri than that in WLI mode (2.98±0.58 vs. 2.79±0.73, P<0.001), but as to those evaluated by junior endoscopists, there were no significant differences between the WLI and BLI-Bri modes(2.29±0.72 vs. 2.23±0.72,P =0.218).In magnifying endoscopy with WLI, BLI, and LCI modes, the mean(±SD) RSV were 2.95±0.28, 3.46±0.40, and 3.38±0.33, and the mean (±SD) ΔEV were 21.68±7.52, 44.29±10.94, and 45.38±14.29, respectively.The RSV and ΔEV in LCI and BLI were higher than that in WLI mode ( P<0.001). Conclusions:LCI improves the visibility of EGC by increasing ΔEC, especially in junior endoscopists. Both BLI and LCI improve the visibility of microstructures and microvessels under magnification.

4.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1735-1740, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908147

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the public's willingness to implement telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation (T-CPR) and its influence factors, so as to provide relevant evidence for implementing telephone-assisted cardiopulmonary resuscitation in China.Methods:Using the qualitative research method to interview 20 members of the public deeply. And Using the content analysis method to summarize the topic.Results:Two major themes were summarized, the public′s willingness to implement T-CPR and the influence factors of implementing T-CPR. Among theme, the influencing factors of the implementation of T-CPR mainly included the public's own factors (weak sense of first aid, poor first aid skills), patient factors (causes of cardiac arrest, relationship between patients and witnesses, age of patients), pressure of public opinion, and guidance methods.Conclusions:According to the qualitative interview results of the public′s willingness to implement T-CPR and its influence factors, there is a large room for improvement in the T-CPR rate of the public in China. And it′s urgent to improve relevant laws, policies and guidance standards, and vigorously promote and popularize T-CPR.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 130-137, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906216

ABSTRACT

Objective:This paper aims to clone the cDNA sequence of<italic> limonene</italic>-3-<italic>hydroxylase</italic>(<italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic>) in <italic>Schizonepeta tenuifolia</italic> and analyze its sequence by bioinformatics. Method:Specific primers were designed based on sequences of<italic> StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene screened from transcriptome sequencing data of <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> and the cDNA sequence of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH </italic>gene was cloned by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and analyzed for its bioinformatics. Result:The <italic>StL3OH</italic> gene cDNA sequence length was 1 598 bp,containing a 1 497 bp long complete open reading frame which encoded 498 amino acids. StL3OH protein had a theoretical relative molecular mass of 56.40 kDa,with a hydrophilic and unstable nature. Bioinformatics analysis showed that StL3OH protein had no signal peptide but had a transmembrane domain which might be located in endoplasmic reticulum. Multiple sequence alignment and cluster analysis showed that the amino acid sequence of MsL3OH protein had a high similarity with StL3OH protein,both of which contained cytochrome P450 heme binding region,belonging to the D subfamily of cytochrome CYP71 family. Codon bias analysis showed that <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene preferred guanine/cytosine(G/C) ending codon,with 27 skewed codons, and Nicotiana benthamiana was proven to be the most suitable host for exogenous expression of <italic>StL</italic>3<italic>OH</italic> gene. Conclusion:The cDNA sequence of<italic> StL3OH</italic> gene was cloned from <italic>S. tenuifolia</italic> for the first time,which will provide a basis for further study on the structure and function of StL3OH protein and the regulation mechanism of <italic>StL3OH </italic>gene in the accumulation and biosynthesis of monoterpenes in<italic> S. tenuifolia</italic>.

6.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 58-64, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883928

ABSTRACT

Objective:To identify the distal and proximal influencing factors of father involvement, and explore the mediating role of father's role perception and the moderating role of depression in the effect of his family-of-origin paternal parenting on father involvement.Methods:Totally 572 fathers with children aged under 12 years old completed the father involvement questionnaire, role of the father questionnaire (ROFQ), parental bonding instrument (PBI) and the center for epidemiologic studies depression scale (CES-D). The Pearson correlation analysis and non-parametric percentile Bootstrap method were conducted via SPSS 21.0.Results:(1)Father involvement (2.86±0.58) was found to be negatively correlated with his own family-of-origin paternal indifference (7.30±3.86) ( r=-0.175, P<0.01), positively correlated with his family-of-origin paternal care (10.46±3.98) ( r=0.291, P<0.01), negatively correlated with his depression (7.07±5.09) ( r=-0.266, P<0.01) and positively correlated with his role perception (61.52±5.92) ( r=0.522, P<0.01). (2)Father's role perception partially mediated the relationship between his family-of-origin paternal care and his own paternal involvement (the mediating effect was 0.015, which was 35.71% of the total effects) and fully mediated the relationship between his family-of-origin paternal indifference and his own paternal involvement (the mediating effect was -0.016). (3)Father's depression played a moderating role between his family-of-origin paternal care and his own role perception ( β=-0.069, P<0.05). And it also played a moderating role between his family-of-origin paternal indifference and his own role perception ( β=0.121, P<0.001). The results of J-N methods showed that the values and significance of simple slopes varied according to father's depression levels in both two models. Conclusion:The paternal parenting that fathers had experienced in his family of origin is an important factor affects his own paternal involvement.In the relationship between father's family-of-origin paternal parenting and his own paternal involvement, father's role perception plays a mediating role and his depression level plays a moderating role.

7.
Chinese Journal of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology ; (12): 1100-1109, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015897

ABSTRACT

Hyperuricemia is a chronic metabolic disease caused by the accumulation of uric acid in the body caused by purine metabolism disorder. In recent years, the incidence of hyperuricemia has increased and the age of onset is showing a younger trend. Finding effective therapeutic targets and treatment methods is a hot spot of current research. The urate transporter ATP-binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) is mainly expressed in the kidney and promotes uric acid excretion. In this study, ABCG2 mRNA was synthesized in vitro and transfected into hyperuricemia model mice to observe its effect on mouse uric acid levels. Firstly, the DNA template of ABCG2 mRNA was chemically synthesized, and then transcribed into mRNA in vitro, followed by modification and transfection into mouse TCMK-1 renal tubular epithelial cells. Finally, the protein expression in the cells was detected by Western blot. The results showed that the amount of protein expression in TCMK-1 cells was positively correlated with the amount of transfected mRNA (P < 0. 01), indicating a successful transfection. In animal experiments, twenty-four SPF mice were randomly divided into four groups (n = 6): control group, hyperuricemia model group, benzbromarone group [20 mg/(kg•d)] and mRNA group [2 mg/(kg•3d)]. The mice have been modeled and treated for 28 days. During this period, the body weight and growth status of the mice were monitored daily. After the treatment, the levels of serum uric acid, urine uric acid, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and liver xanthine oxidase were analyzed. The results showed that compared with the model group of mice, mRNA treatment can significantly reduce the levels of serum uric acid (100. 38 ± 10. 94), blood urea nitrogen (6. 30 ± 1. 10), and serum creatinine (30. 86 ± 5. 78, P<0. 05 or P<0. 01). It can also increase the level of urine uric acid (617. 48 ± 50. 34, P<0. 05) in mice and promote the excretion of uric acid. But it has no significant effect on the activity of xanthine oxidase (26. 19 ± 2. 58) in the liver. The pathological changes of mice kidney were observed by HE staining. The results showed that compared with mice in the model group, pathological damages such as renal tubular cell edema and inflammatory cell infiltration in the mRNA treatment group were significantly improved. The relative expression of mRNA in mice kidney was detected by qRT-PCR, and the protein expression of ABCG2 in mice kidney was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The results showed that the relative expression of ABCG2 mRNA and its protein were significantly up-regulated in the kidney tissues of mice in the mRNA group (P < 0. 01), indicating that the transfection was successful in vivo. In conclusion, ABCG2 mRNA synthetized and modified in vitro can be successfully expressed in hyperuricemia mice and promote excretion of uric acid and other organic ions, as well as improvement of renal injury in mice. These results provide experimental basis for the clinical application of ABCG2 as a target for the treatment of hyperuricemia related diseases.

8.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 976-983, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic continues to present a major challenge to public health. Vaccine development requires an understanding of the kinetics of neutralizing antibody (NAb) responses to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).@*Methods@#In total, 605 serum samples from 125 COVID-19 patients (from January 1 to March 14, 2020) varying in age, sex, severity of symptoms, and presence of underlying diseases were collected, and antibody titers were measured using a micro-neutralization assay with wild-type SARS-CoV-2.@*Results@#NAbs were detectable approximately 10 days post-onset (dpo) of symptoms and peaked at approximately 20 dpo. The NAb levels were slightly higher in young males and severe cases, while no significant difference was observed for the other classifications. In follow-up cases, the NAb titer had increased or stabilized in 18 cases, whereas it had decreased in 26 cases, and in one case NAbs were undetectable at the end of our observation. Although a decreasing trend in NAb titer was observed in many cases, the NAb level was generally still protective.@*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that NAb levels vary among all categories of COVID-19 patients. Long-term studies are needed to determine the longevity and protective efficiency of NAbs induced by SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , COVID-19/immunology , Kinetics , Neutralization Tests , SARS-CoV-2
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 719-725, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To find out the status of folic acid supplementation among women, to evaluate the prevention effects on neural tube defects (NTDs), and to explore the factors impact on folic acid supplementation compliance.@*METHODS@#Based on the routine data of 92 121 women in prenatal health care and birth defect surveillance system in Tongzhou District of Beijing from 2013 to 2018, we described the prevalence of periconceptional folic acid supplementation, pre-pregnancy folic acid supplementation and regularly folic acid supplementation (compliance supplementation). Trend χ2 tests were used to evaluate the change of folic acid supplementation prevalence. The prevalence difference among the women with folic acid supplementation and without supplementation were tested with Fisher's exact test. Factors asso-ciated with folic acid supplementation compliance rate were analyzed with univariate and multivariate Logistic regression model.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of periconceptional folic acid supplementation during the six years was 90.08% and it was increased from 2013 to 2018, but the rate of pre-pregnancy and regular supplementation was only 41.5% and declined from 2013 to 2018, especially 2013 to 2015. The prevalence of NTDs among the fetuses whose mothers took folic acid during periconceptional period was 5.5/10 000, while the prevalence for the fetuses whose mothers did not take folic acid was 19.7/10 000 (P < 0.001), the rates ratio was 27.9% (χ2=23.74, P < 0.001). The difference between the prevalence of NTDs among the fetuses whose mothers took folic acid only and multiple micronutrients was not statistically significant. After controlling the confounding factors, it was found that the compliant folic acid supplementation rates in women, whose household registrations were outside Beijing and whose education levels were junior high school or below, and who were younger than 25 years old, and who were multiparas and who were pre-pregnancy underweight or obese, were lower than those of the corresponding control groups (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The rate of folic acid supplementation among women in Tongzhou District of Beijing was relatively high, but their compliance was poor. Women who did not take folic acid during periconception seriously affected the prevention effect of NTDs. We should focus on women who are younger than 25 years old, lower educated, pre-pregnancy underweight or obese, multiparas and nonlocal household registers, in order to improve the periconceptional folic acid supplementation compliance and improve the effects of NTDs prevention.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Beijing , Dietary Supplements , Fetus , Folic Acid , Neural Tube Defects/epidemiology , Prevalence
10.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 578-583, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-871427

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of linked color imaging (LCI) for the colorectal polyp detection, especially detection of adenoma.Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the patients who underwent LCI or white light imaging(WLI) mode of LASEREO colonoscopy from May 2018 to March 2019.The differences of the detection rates in the global polyps, adenomatous polyps, flat polyps, small polyps (≤5 mm) and right-sided polyps under two modes were compared. Color differences between the adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa (ΔE) were examined under two modes, based on L *a *b * color space by the Commission Internationale de L′Eclairage in 1976. Results:The global polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, in LCI group was higher than that in WLI group(45.53% VS 32.83%, P=0.038; 53.65% VS 39.62%, P=0.009). The color difference(ΔE) between adenomatous polyps and surrounding mucosa in LCI group was significantly higher than that in WLI group(27.24±8.67 VS 15.28±6.68, P<0.001). In addition, the detection rates of flat polyps, small polyps and right-sided polyps in LCI group were higher than those in WLI group (61.98% VS 47.17%, P=0.005; 60.94% VS 42.77%, P=0.001; 45.83% VS 32.70%, P=0.012). Conclusion:LCI can effectively improve the colorectal polyp detection rate, especially adenoma detection rate, which is worthy of clinical application.

11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 688-696, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775417

ABSTRACT

Substantial evidence supports the neurodevelopmental hypothesis of schizophrenia. Meanwhile, progressive neurodegenerative processes have also been reported, leading to the hypothesis that neurodegeneration is a characteristic component in the neuropathology of schizophrenia. However, a major challenge for the neurodegenerative hypothesis is that antipsychotic drugs used by patients have profound impact on brain structures. To clarify this potential confounding factor, we measured the cortical thickness across the whole brain using high-resolution T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging in 145 first-episode and treatment-naïve patients with schizophrenia and 147 healthy controls. The results showed that, in the patient group, the frontal, temporal, parietal, and cingulate gyri displayed a significant age-related reduction of cortical thickness. In the control group, age-related cortical thickness reduction was mostly located in the frontal, temporal, and cingulate gyri, albeit to a lesser extent. Importantly, relative to healthy controls, patients exhibited a significantly smaller age-related cortical thickness in the anterior cingulate, inferior temporal, and insular gyri in the right hemisphere. These results provide evidence supporting the existence of neurodegenerative processes in schizophrenia and suggest that these processes already occur in the early stage of the illness.

12.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 395-400, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753933

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between cognitive function and oxidative stress biochemical markers in patients with bipolar disorder. Methods One hundred forty-six patients who met the DSM-Ⅳ bipolar disorder diagnostic criteria including 83 patients with stable phase,42 patients with manic episodes and 21 patients with depression and 115 normal controls were recruited. Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS) was used to assess cognitive function. Biochemical indicators were measured including superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), catalase (CAT), malonaldehyde (MDA), total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC) and nitric oxide (NO). Results The immediate memory, speech function, attention, time-delay memory, and total score of patients in biphasic stable phase, manic phase, and depression were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01). The visual breadth scores of patients in manic and depression were lower than those in the control group (P<0.01), and the attention scores and total scores were lower than those in the stable group (P<0.01). The delayed memory score of patients with depression was lower than that of stable group (P=0.04). The MDA level of patients with manic episode and depression was higher than that of stable group (P<0.01); the level of NO in manic, depression and control group was higher than that in stable group, and CAT level was low in the stable phase group (P<0.05). In the stable phase group, the visual breadth (r=-0.50, P=0.04), attention (r=-0.67, P<0.01), delayed memory (r=-0.61, P=0.01) were correlated with GSH-PX respectively; time-delay memory was negatively correlated with T-AOC (r=-0.54, P=0.03). The speech function of the biphasic mania phase group was negatively correlated with SOD (r=-0.46, P=0.01). The immediate memory of the biphasic depression group was positively correlated with NO (r=0.61, P=0.02); delayed memory was positively correlated with CAT (r=0.67, P=0.01); speech function (r=-0.76, P<0.01) and cognitive total score (r=-0.59, P=0.03) were negatively correlated with GSH-PX. Conclusion Patients with bipolar disorder have varying degrees of cognitive decline and oxidative stress changes, and some antioxidant enzyme systems are associated with cognitive function.

13.
Chinese Journal of Pharmacology and Toxicology ; (6): 310-311, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705337

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE Vascular dementia (VD) refers to a progressive decline in memory and cognitive function caused by chronic cerebral ischemia. 2-Vessels occlusion (2-VO) has been widely used as a model of VD. Xiao-Xu-Ming decoction, a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescrip-tion,has been widely used to treat stroke and sequelae of stroke.The present study was to investigate the mechanism of Xiao-Xu-Ming decoction(XXM) against chronic cerebral ischemia injury in rats. METHODS After XXM treatment, rats were performed a memory testing with Morris water maze and motor ability testing using prehensile test and inclined screen test.Neuronal plasticity was observed by immunofluorescent staining with MAP2 antibody. Differentially expressed proteins of rat hippocampus were analyzed by Label-free quantitative proteomics. RESULTS XXM significantly alleviated 2-VO-induced learning and memory deficits, motor ability dysfunction, and neuronal plasticity injury in rats. The mechanism might be involved in up-regulation of 39 proteins and down-regulation of 13 proteins in the hippocampus of rats after XXM treatment vs 2-VO group rats.Gene ontology and pathway analysis showed that the regulated proteins are mainly involved in oxidation reduction process, intracellular signaling cascade process, and protein catabolic process, etc. The signal pathways are mainly involved in ubiquitin mediated proteolysis and phosphatidylinositol signaling system. CONCLUSION Current findings provide new insights into the molecular mechanisms of XXM on chronic cerebral ischemia.

14.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 935-937, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-807714

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate a poisonous mushroom poisoning incident and analyze its clinical data.@*Methods@#Investigate a poisonous mushroom poisoning incident in a place in Shandong in July 2018, at the same time, the clinical data of 2 cases of mushroom poisoning were analyzed and summarized.@*Results@#The incident was caused by a poisoning incident caused by residents eating poisonous mushrooms. The poisonous mushroom in this incident was identified as a scaled white goose cream. Two patients with poisoning developed gastrointestinal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain and diarrhea, and liver damage occurred later. After active rescue and treatment, one patient was discharged from hospital, and the other patient developed acute pulmonary embolism during the treatment. He was discharged after interventional thrombolysis and follow-up treatment.@*Conclusion@#After investigation, the incident was caused by the ingestion of poisonous mushrooms mainly based on the scalloped white goose cream. After active treatment, they were cured and discharged.

15.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 842-846, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711568

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the effectiveness and safety of endoscopic submucosal dissection ( ESD) with endoscopic piecemeal mucosal resection ( EPMR) for early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions with length more than 5 cm. Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on data of 85 patients diagnosed as early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesions with length more than 5 cm in Fujian Medical Association of Early Esophageal Carcinoma from January 2012 to July 2017. The patients were divided into ESD group (52 cases) and EPMR group (33 cases), and the effectiveness and safety between the two groups were compared. Results There was no significant difference on the complete resection rate between the two groups[86. 5% (45/52) VS 87. 9% (29/33), P>0. 05]. The operative time (58. 53±30. 50 min VS 32. 06±9. 12 min), postoperative fasting time (4. 18±1. 30 d VS 3. 67±0. 96 d), postoperative hospital-stay time (7. 45±2. 44 d VS 6. 54±1. 73 d), and postoperative antibiotics using time (3. 48±2. 33 d VS 1. 96±2. 20 d) in ESD group were higher than those in EPMR group (all P<0. 05). There were no significant difference in the rate of intraoperative complication and short-term postoperative complication, such as fever, chest pain, and postoperative bleeding, between the two groups ( all P>0. 05 ) . But the postoperative stricture rate of ESD group was higher than that of EPMR group[23. 1% (12/52) VS 6. 1%(2/33), P<0. 05]. During the follow-up of 3-63 months, 5 cases recurred in ESD group and 1 case in EPMR group, with no significant difference ( P>0. 05). Conclusion ESD and EPMR have equivalent efficacy and safety on the treatment of early esophageal cancer and precancerous lesion. EPMR has a shorter operative time, lower rate of post-operative stricture, and is easier to master.

16.
Journal of Gynecologic Oncology ; : e59-2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115241

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this analysis was to examine the management of cervix cancer in elderly patients referred for radiotherapy and the results of treatment in terms of overall survival (OS), relapse-free survival (RFS), and treatment-related toxicities. METHODS: Patients were eligible if they were aged ≥75 years, newly diagnosed with cervix cancer and referred for radiotherapy as part of their treatment. Patient details were retrieved from the gynaecology service database where clinical, histopathological treatment and follow-up data were prospectively collected. RESULTS: From 1998 to 2010, 126 patients aged ≥75 years, met selection criteria. Median age was 81.5 years. Eighty-one patients had definitive radiotherapy, 10 received adjuvant radiotherapy and 35 had palliative radiotherapy. Seventy-one percent of patients had the International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage 1b–2b disease. Median follow-up was 37 months. OS and RFS at 3 years among those treated with curative intent were 66.6% and 75.9% respectively with majority of patients dying without any evidence of cervix cancer. Grade 2 or more late toxicities were: bladder 5%, bowel 11%, and vagina 27%. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status was a significant predictor of OS and RFS with each unit increment in ECOG score increased the risk of death by 1.69 times (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Following appropriate patient selection, elderly patients treated curatively with radiotherapy for cervix cancer have good disease control. Palliative hypofractionated regimens are well tolerated in patients unsuitable for radical treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Brachytherapy , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/prevention & control , Neoplasm Staging , Palliative Care , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant/adverse effects , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/mortality
17.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 40-44, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-289473

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the features of DUOX2 mutations and genotype-phenotype relationship in children with congenital hypothyroidism (CH), in order to provide evidence for gene diagnosis and gene treatment of CH.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Blood samples were collected from 10 CH children with thyromegaly. Genomic DNA was extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes. All exons of DUOX2 gene were analyzed using PCR and direct sequencing.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>G3632A mutation in the exon 28 of DUOX2 that may result in arginine to histidine substitution at codon 1211 was found in one patient. T2033C mutation in the exon 17 of DUOX2 that may result in histidine to arginine substitution at codon 678 was found in three patients. They were all heterozygous mutations.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Heterozygous mutations in DUOX2 may affect protein function and cause CH. The relationship between DUOX2 genotypes and clinical phenotypes is unclear and needs further studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Computational Biology , Congenital Hypothyroidism , Genetics , Dual Oxidases , Mutation , NADPH Oxidases , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 192-196, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261108

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>This paper aimed to determine the mRNA expression of osteoclast-related factors interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-12 (IL-12) p35, IL-12p40, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), nuclear factor of activated T-cells cytoplasmic 1 (NFATcl), receptor activator of nuclear factor-KB (RANK), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) mRNA in murine macrophages infected by a periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid. Another aim was to investigate the effects of a periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid on the differentiation of macrophages into osteoclasts.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Inflammatory periodontal tissue samples of chronic periodontitis patients were taken during periodontal flap surgery, and healthy gingival tissue samples were taken from orthodontic patients during tooth extractions. Total RNA from periodontal tissue was extracted and reversely transcribed into cDNA and then cryo-preserved until further use. First, specific sequence oligodeoxynucleotide MT0I at a concentration of 1 µg · mL⁻¹ was added in murine macrophage RAW264.7, and the cells were incubated for 3 hours. Cells with PBS (1 µg · mL⁻¹) were used as negative controls. The inflammatory periodontal tissue cDNA and healthy periodontal tissue cDNA (1 µg · mL⁻¹) was added subsequently. There were four experimental groups: healthy periodontal tissue cDNA+ RAW264.7, inflammatory periodontal tissue cDNA+RAW264.7, MT01+healthy periodontal tissue cDNA+RAW264.7, and MT01+inflammatory periodontal tissue cDNA+RAW264.7. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction was used to detect the mRNA expression of osteoclast-related factors IL-6, IL-12p35, IL-12p4O, MMP-9, NFATcl, RANK, and TNF-α mRNA after 3, 6, 12, and 24-hours.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mRNA levels of osteoclast-related factors NFATc1, MMP-9, TNF-a, IL-6, IL-12p40, IL-12p35, and RANK in RAW264.7 were markedly upregulated with the treatment of periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid. However, the mRNA expression of osteoclast-related factors was inhibited by use of an immunosuppressant MT01.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The periodontitis patient's own tissue nucleic acid could promote the differentiation of murine macrophage into osteoclasts.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Cell Differentiation , Cytokines , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Gingiva , Interleukin-12 Subunit p40 , Interleukin-6 , Macrophages , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Osteoclasts , Metabolism , Periodontitis , RNA, Messenger , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
19.
Chinese Journal of Nervous and Mental Diseases ; (12): 76-81, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-669802

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the characteristics of cognitive impairments in euthymic patients with early-on?set or late-onset bipolar I disorder (BD-I). Methods Ninety-four with onset age less than 21 (early onset group), 41 eu?thymic patients with onset age above 35 (late onset group) and 135 normal controls with matched education and age were enrolled. Seven classical neuropsychological tests were used to assess attention, processing speed, working memory and executive functions. Results The early-onset group was significantly worse than its corresponding normal controls in 14 indexes of all tests, including digital symbol, digital span, visual graphic reproduction (c1 and c2), time of TMT-A and TMT-B, verbal fluency, number of sorting, error and preserved error in WCST, as well as total score, completed missions, planning time and executing time in TOH (P<0.05). Moreover the effect size of difference were more than 0.4 in verbal fluency, time of TMT-A and TMT-B, and executing time in TOH. Compared with its matched control group, the late-on?set group was significantly impaired in 9 indexes, including digital span, visual graphic reproduction (c1,c2 and total), time of TMT-A, number of error and preserved error in WCST, as well as total score and completed missions in TOH (P<0.05), merely two indexes of TOH with effect size more than 0.4, while the late-onset group was no significantly impaired in digital symbol, TMT-B and verbal fluency. Conclusions There are significant cognitive impairments in euthymic BD-I patients with no matter early-onset or late-onset. But it seems that the cognitive impairments in early-onset bipo?lar disorder are more extensive and serious.

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