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1.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 542-547, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012570

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To study the inhibitory effect and mechanism of total flavonoids from Melicope pteleifolia (TF-MPL) on transplanted tumor of colorectal cancer in nude mice. METHODS The transplanted tumor model of colorectal cancer was induced by injecting 0.2 mL colorectal cancer cell LoVo subcutaneously via the right armpit of nude mice. After successful modeling, nude mice were randomly divided into model group, 5-fluorouracil group (positive control, 10 mg/kg), TF-MPL high- dose and low-dose groups (25, 12.5 mg/kg); a normal group (normal saline containing 0.3% carboxymethyl cellulose sodium) without modeling was additionally set up, with 6 mice in each group. Each group was intraperitoneally injected with the corresponding drug solution/solvent for 21 consecutive days. The inhibitory rate of the transplanted tumor, liver and spleen index, and the levels of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in serum were detected after the last medication; the morphological changes of tumor tissue were observed; immunohistochemical staining was used to detect protein expressions of Toll- like receptor 4 (TLR4) and nuclear factor-κB subunit p65 (NF-κB p65) in tumor tissue of nude mice. Western blot assay was used to detect protein expressions of TLR4, myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88), TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6), interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase 1 (IRAK-1), NF-κB p65 and caspase-3 in tumor tissue of nude mice. RESULTS Compared with the model group, TF-MPL high-dose group showed a significant decrease in tumor weight (inhibitory rate of 36.91%), liver and spleen index, serum levels of TNF-α and IL-6 and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, TRAF6,IRAK-1 and NF- κB p65 (P<0.05 or P<0.01); the expression of caspase-3 protein was increased significantly (P<0.05), and more tumor cell shrinkage and deformation, nuclear pyknosis and fragmentation were observed. CONCLUSIONS TF-MPL can significantly inhibit the growth of transplanted tumor of colorectal cancer in nude mice, the mechanism of which may be associated with reducing inflammatory response, inhibiting TLR4/MyD88/NF-κB signaling pathway, and promoting apoptosis in colorectal cancer cells.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 142-151, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003776

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveBioinformatics methods were used to systematically identify the Salvia miltiorrhiza terpenoid synthase (SmTPS) gene family members and predict their functions from the perspective of the genome. MethodThe genome and transcriptome data of S. miltiorrhiza, Arabidopsis thaliana, and tomato were obtained from the national genomics data center (NGDC), national center for biotechnology information (NCBI), the Arabidopsis information resource (TAIR), and tomato functional genomics database (TFGD), and the whole genome identification and bioinformatics analysis of the SmTPS gene family member were carried out with the help of Perl language programming, Tbtools, and other bioinformatics tools. ResultA total of 52 TPS gene family members were identified, and they were distributed on eight chromosomes of S. miltiorrhiza. Their coding amino acid number was 207-822 aa. The isoelectric points were 4.76-9.16. The molecular mass was 24.11-94.81 kDa, and all members are hydrophilic proteins. Gene structure analysis showed that there were significant differences in the number of introns among different subfamilies. The number of introns in 72.6% of TPS-a, b, and g subfamilies was 6, and that in 88.9% of TPS-c and e/f subfamilies was more than 10. Protein motifs were conserved among TPS subfamilies. The analysis of promoter cis-acting elements showed that all promoters of the SmTPSs contained a large number of light-responsive elements, and most of them had hormone-responsive elements. Gene expression analysis showed that SmTPS gene family members exhibited tissue-specific expression, and 24 of them responded to exogenous methyl jasmonate. ConclusionBased on the published S. miltiorrhiza genome, 52 SmTPS gene family members were identified, and their functions were predicted based on the phylogenetic analysis and expression patterns. This paper provides reference information for the further biosynthesis pathway and regulatory mechanism analysis of terpenoids in S. miltiorrhiza.

3.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1062-1067, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010169

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the coagulation function indicators and identify influence factors of hypercoagulability in patients with adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) independent Cushing syndrome (CS).@*METHODS@#In our retrospective study, the electronic medical records system of Peking University First Hospital was searched for the patients diagnosed with ACTH independent CS on discharge from January 2014 to June 2019. Nonfunctional adrenal adenoma patients were chosen as control group and matched 1 ∶1 by body mass index (BMI), gender, and discharge date. Clinical features and coagulation function indicators were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#In the study, 171 patients were included in each group. Compared with control group, activated partial thromboplastin time (APTT), and prothrombin time (PT) in ACTH independent CS group were significantly lower [(29.22±3.39) s vs. (31.86±3.63) s, P < 0.001; (29.22±3.39) s vs. (31.86±3.63) s, P < 0.001], and both D-dimer and fibrin degradation products (FDP) levels were significantly higher (P < 0.05). Percentage of APTT levels under the lower limit of reference range in the CS patients was significantly higher than that in nonfunctional group (21.6% vs. 3.5%, P < 0.001). Percentage of D-dimer levels over the upper limit of reference range in the CS patients was significantly higher than that in nonfunctional group (13.5% vs. 6.6%, P=0.041). There were three patients with deep venous thrombosis and one patient with pulmonary embolism in CS group, however none was in control group. The area under curve (AUC) of serum cortisol rhythm (8:00, 16:00 and 24:00) levels was negatively associated with the levels of PT (r=-0.315, P < 0.001) and APTT (r=-0.410, P < 0.001), and positively associated with FDP (r=0.303, P < 0.001) and D-dimer levels (r=0.258, P < 0.001). There were no differences in coagulation function indicators among different histopathologic subgroups (adrenocortical adenoma, adrenocortical hyperplasia, oncocytic adenoma, adrenocortical carcinoma). With Logistic regression analysis, the AUC of cortisol and glycosylated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels were independent risk factors for hypercoagulability in the ACTH independent CS patients (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ACTH independent CS patients were more likely in hypercoagulable state compared with nonfunctional adrenal adenoma, especially in ACTH independent CS patients with higher levels of cortisol AUC and HbA1c. These patients should be paid attention to for the hypercoagulability and thrombosis risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cushing Syndrome/complications , Adrenocortical Adenoma/complications , Adrenocorticotropic Hormone , Hydrocortisone , Retrospective Studies , Glycated Hemoglobin , Adrenal Cortex Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenoma/diagnosis , Thrombophilia/complications
4.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994175

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of inhalation of high-concentration hydrogen on acute kidney injury (AKI) and mitochondrial dynamics in septic mice.Methods:One hundred and twenty-eight male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=32 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sham operation + hydrogen group (group Sham+ H), sepsis AKI group, and sepsis AKI+ hydrogen group (group S-AKI+ H). A mouse model of sepsis-induced AKI was developed by cecal ligation and puncture in anesthetized animals. In Sham+ H and S-AKI+ H groups, 67% H 2+ 33% O 2 was inhaled for 1 h starting from 1 and 6 h after sham operation or developing the model, respectively. Twenty mice were selected to observe the survival at 7 days after developing the model. At 24 h after developing the model, blood samples were collected for determination of serum BUN and Cr concentrations (by colorimetric analysis), and renal tissues were obtained for determination of the contents of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and high mobility group protein B1 (HMGB1) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) (by spectrophotometry) and expression of dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) and mitofusin 2 (Mfn2) (by Western blot). The damage to the renal tubules was scored after HE staining. Results:Compared with Sham group, the survival rate was significantly decreased, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, renal tubular damage score and contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 were increased, the activities of SOD and CAT were decreased, the expression of Drp1 was up-regulated, and the expression of Mfn2 was down-regulated in S-AKI group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in Sham+ H group ( P>0.05). Compared with S-AKI group, the survival rate was significantly increased, the serum BUN and Cr concentrations, renal tubular injury score and contents of TNF-α, IL-1β and HMGB1 were decreased, the activities of SOD and CAT were increased, the expression of Drp1 was down-regulated, and the expression of Mfn2 was up-regulated in S-AKI+ H group ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Inhalation of high-concentration hydrogen can alleviate AKI in septic mice, and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of renal mitochondrial fission and promotion of mitochondrial fusion.

5.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 110-114, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994160

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effects of inhaling high concentration hydrogen on myocardial injury and mitochondrial biogenesis in septic mice.Methods:One hundred and twenty-eight clean-grade healthy male C57BL/6J mice, aged 6-8 weeks, weighing 20-25 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=32 each) using a random number table method: sham operation group (group Sham), sham operation + hydrogen group (group Sham+ H), sepsis group (group Sep), and sepsis+ hydrogen group (group Sep+ H). The sepsis model was developed by cecal ligation and puncture in anesthetized animals. In Sham+ H and Sep+ H groups, 67% H 2 was inhaled for 1 h starting from 1 and 6 h after operation, respectively. Twenty mice in each group were randomly selected to observe the survival conditions at 7 days after operation. Blood samples were taken from the remaining mice at 24 h after operation for determination of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1β (IL-1β), cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and creatine kinase isoenzyme (CK-MB) (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), for examination of the pathological changes of myocardial tissues (by HE staining), and for determination of the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) (by fluorescence spectrophotometry), ATP content (by luciferase assay), and expression of myocardial peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α), nuclear respiratory factor 2 (NRF2) and mitochondrial transcription factor A (TFAM) (by Western blot). Results:Compared with Sham group, the survival rate was significantly decreased, the serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, cTnI and CK-MB and pathological score were increased, the MMP and content of ATP in myocardial mitochondria were decreased, and the expression of PGC-1α, NRF2 and TFAM in myocardial tissues was down-regulated in Sep group ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the parameters mentioned above in Sham+ H group ( P>0.05). Compared with group Sep, the survival rate was significantly increased, the serum concentrations of TNF-α, IL-1β, cTnI and CK-MB and pathological score were decreased, the MMP and content of ATP in myocardial mitochondria were increased, and the expression of PGC-1α, NRF2 and TFAM in myocardial tissues was up-regulated in group Sep+ H ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Inhaling high concentration hydrogen can attenuate sepsis-induced myocardial injury in mice, and the mechanism may be related to promotion of mitochondrial biosynthesis and improvement in mitochondrial function.

6.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 102-110, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993646

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prevalence and related factors of chronic kidney disease (CKD).Methods:A total of 42 223 subjects who received annual physical examination from January to December 2019 were selected as the research objects, a cross-sectional study was conducted. They were divided into CKD patients and healthy control groups. The basic information of the subjects was collected by questionnaire, including age, sex, marital status, education level, smoking history, drinking history, physical exercise and previous disease history, etc. The height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure of the subjects were measured through physical examination, and laboratory indicators including fasting blood glucose, total cholesterol, triglyceride, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, blood uric acid, creatinine and urine routine were collected. The influencing factors of CKD were analyzed by logistic regression.Results:A total of 42 223 subjects were included in the study. The prevalence of CKD was 5.62%, with 7.77% in males and 3.39% in females. The prevalence of CKD increased with age. The prevalence of CKD was the highest in ≥80 years old (25.84%), followed by 70-79 years old (13.08%), the prevalence of CKD in males was higher than that in females in all age groups. Most of the detected CKD patients were in the early stage (stage 1-2), and the total prevalence of early CKD was 5.13%, and the total prevalence of stage 3-5 was 0.49%. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that age 70-79 years old ( OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.17-2.27),≥80 years old ( OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 2.61-5.91), male ( OR: 1.55, 95% CI: 2.61-5.91), high diastolic blood pressure ( OR: 1.014, 95% CI: 1.007-1.021), high fasting blood glucose level ( OR: 1.22, 95% CI: 1.17-1.27), SUA ( OR: 1.001, 95% CI: 1.000-1.002), hypertension ( OR: 1.44, 95% CI: 1.23-1.68), coronary heart disease ( OR: 1.36, 95% CI: 1.10-1.69) and stroke ( OR: 1.63, 95% CI: 1.09-2.43) were independent risk factors for CKD (all P<0.05); Physical activity 15-30 min/day ( OR: 0.81, 95% CI: 0.71-0.93),>60 min/day ( OR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.70-0.96) was a protective factor for the prevalence of CKD (all P<0.05) Conclusion:The prevalence of CKD in the health check-up population is low, and most of them are in the early stage of the disease. The prevalence of CKD is related to male, old age, physical exercise, elevated diastolic blood pressure, elevated blood glucose, elevated blood uric acid, hypertension, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 993-997, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992410

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors related to the formation of parastomal hernia (PSH) in patients with colorectal cancer after preventive ileostomy, provide Evidence-based medicine basis for prevention and treatment, and reduce the incidence of incision hernia (SSIH) at the stoma.Methods:The clinical data of 214 patients who underwent laparoscopic radical resection of colorectal cancer combined with preventive loop ileostomy in the General Surgery Department of the Linyi People′s Hospital from January 2019 to May 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. The incidence of PSH was statistically analyzed, and the risk factors of PSH were analyzed by binary logistic regression.Results:There were 177 cases of PSH in 214 patients, with an incidence rate of 82.71%. There were 5 cases of SSIH (2.34%). The results of single factor analysis showed that there were significant differences in body mass index (BMI), postoperative diversion time and the proportion of stoma through rectus abdominis muscle between the PSH group and the non PSH group (all P<0.05); The results of binary logistic regression analysis showed that BMI, postoperative diversion time, rectus abdominis muscle stoma, incision infection and liquefaction were important influencing factors for the formation of PSH after preventive loop ileostomy for colorectal cancer (all P<0.05). Conclusions:BMI, postoperative diversion time, rectus abdominis muscle stoma, incision infection and liquefaction are important influencing factors for the formation of PSH after preventive ileostomy. Intervention measures can be targeted to reduce the incidence of SSIH by reducing the risk of PSH.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 734-737, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991400

ABSTRACT

Taking the Department of Pathology of Duke University as an example, this paper compares and analyzes the training mode of pathology residents in China and the United States. It is found that the organization and management system and supervision and assessment system of residency training in China have been improved, but it is still necessary to strengthen the in-depth implementation of humanistic education and training subjects for residents. Pathologist training should be based on "elite education" as the guiding ideology, to cultivate high-quality, high-level outstanding clinical pathology personnel as the specific goal, to build a solid foundation of clinical medicine.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 208-211, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991287

ABSTRACT

The mixed evaluation system uses the network platform as a carrier to construct a dynamic evaluation model that spans time and space between online and offline, between individuals and teams. Mixed evaluation system of physiology was performed for two years, and the process evaluation and the summative evaluation in the mixed evaluation system showed a good correlation, and the students' learning ability and learning effect showed consistency with the evaluation results. Practice has proved that the mixed evaluation system not only optimizes the traditional evaluation system, but also fully expands the five principles of formative evaluation; however, while reflecting the advantages of the network platform, it also exposes the defects of insufficient supervision of the network platform. Thus, we should further improve the mixed evaluation system of physiology.

10.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1217-1223, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990321

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the intervention effects and influencing factors of family management intervention on parents' disease management ability, family function of children with coronary artery lesions in Kawasaki disease.Methods:This was a quasi experimental study. Conveniently, 88 parents of children with Kawasaki disease coronary artery lesions from the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University from March 2020 to June 2021 were selected for the study, and they were divided into the control group and the intervention group according to the order of the first consultation with 44 cases in each group. In the control group, conventional care and health education were used, while in the intervention group, a 6-month family management intervention was implemented on the basis of the control group. Family Management Measure (FaMM), Family Assessment Device (FAD) were used to assess the parents' disease management ability, family function before and after the intervention, respectively.Results:A total of 88 study subjects completed the pre-intervention survey in this study, and a total of 79 study subjects were surveyed when they returned to the hospital for review at the end of 6 months of intervention, including 40 in the intervention group and 39 in the control group, with a missed rate of 10.23% (9/88). There was no significant difference in the score of FAD, FaMM, Kawasaki disease knowledge questionnaire before the intervention between the two groups ( P>0.05). The scores of FAD in the intervention group was (21.58 ± 4.60) points, which was lower than that in the control group (24.62 ± 5.28) points, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=2.73, P <0.05). The scores of FaMM in the intervention group was (46.83 ± 6.02) points, which was higher than that in the control group (42.72 ± 6.09) points, and the differences was statistically significant ( t=-3.01, P <0.05). The age of the child, and whether the child was an only child were the influencing factors of the difference in disease management ability, and the difference in the family function of the parents of the child, respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions:Family management intervention can improve the disease management ability of the parents of children with coronary artery lesion, improve family function. In the future, targeted interventions can be conducted according to different ages of children, and different family members' composition in order to obtain better intervention effects.

11.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 138-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989534

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy and safety of fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) based on linear accelerator for small volume brain metastases.Methods:A total of 21 patients with small volume brain metastases who received FSRT from August 2020 to June 2022 were enrolled as subjects, including 45 lesions. Small-volume brain metastases were defined as ≤3 cm in diameter and ≤6 cm 3 in volume, and the dose/fractionation scheme was 27-30 Gy/3 F or 30-40 Gy/5 F. Three months after radiotherpy, the efficacy of FSRT in small brain metastases and the incidence of radiation brain injury were evaluated, and the incidence of radiation brain injury in subgroup analysis was performed according to the diameter, volume, dose/fractionation scheme, biological effective dose (BED) 10, and location of lesions. Results:Twenty-four lesions (53.33%, 24/45) were evaluated as complete response, another 13 lesions (28.89%, 13/45) were evaluated as partial response, and in the remaining 8 lesions (17.78%, 8/45) were evaluated as stable disease. The local control rate was 100% (45/45), the objective remission rate was 82.22% (37/45), and the intracranial distant progression rate was 23.81% (5/21). During the treatment and follow-up, there were 7 lesions (15.56%, 7/45) of radiation-induced brain injury, and the incidence of symptomatic radiation-induced brain injury was 11.11% (5/45). Subgroup analysis showed that the incidence of radiation brain injury in the group with a lesion diameter of 2-3 cm was higher than that with a lesion diameter of <2 cm group, with a statistically significant difference [80.00% (4/5) vs. 7.50% (3/40), χ2=12.69, P<0.001]; the incidence rate of radiation brain injury in the group with lesion volume of 4-6 cm 3 was higher than that with lesion volume of <4 cm 3 group, with a statistically significant difference [57.14% (4/7) vs. 7.89% (3/38), χ2=7.49, P=0.006]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of radiation brain injury between the dose/fractionation scheme of lesions 27-30 Gy/3 F and 30-40 Gy/5 F [9.52% (2/21) vs. 20.83% (5/24), χ2=0.40, P=0.527]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of radiation brain injury between the BED 10<60 Gy and ≥60 Gy [28.57% (2/7) vs. 13.16% (5/38), χ2=0.22, P=0.641]. There was no significant difference in the incidence of radiation brain injury between the lesions in the same lobe and the single or multiple lesions in different lobes [28.57% (4/14) vs. 9.68% (3/31), χ2=1.38, P=0.240) . Conclusion:FSRT based on linear accelerator is effective for small volume brain metastases. Brain metastases with the diameter <2 cm or volume <4 cm 3 are associated with a lower incidence of radiation brain injury than that of lesions with the diameter of 2-3 cm or volume of 4-6 cm 3.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1705-1710, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013720

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the protective effect of hesperidin (HES) on cardiorenal damage induced by DOCA/Salt hypertension and the underlying mechanisms. Methods Eighteen male SD rats were randomly divided into normal group (Ctrl), model group (DOCA/Salt), and DOCA/Salt with hesperidin group (DOCA/Salt + HES). HES was administered for four weeks. Blood pressure, serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen were measured. The pathological changes in heart and kidney were examined by HE, Masson and Sirius red staining. The expression of α-SMA, collagen I and TGF-β were detected by Western blot. The mRNA levels of Nlrp3, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and NOXs were measured using qRT-PCR. Results Compared with the model group, HES administration significantly attenuated the occurrence of DOCA/Salt hypertension, improved renal function indicators of hypertensive rats, reduced renal and cardiac fibrosis, deduced the expression of α-SMA, collagen I and TGF-β, inhibited the expression of Nlrp3, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6, and decreased the expression of NOXs in renal and cardiac tissues. Conclusions HES can delay the occurrence of hypertension and protect against hypertension-induced renal and cardiac tissue damage, which may be related to the reduction of inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress by HES.

13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 800-804, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the survival and influencing factors of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell therapy in relapsed/refractory acute B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia (R/R B-ALL) . Methods: Clinical information of patients who received CAR-T-cell therapy and achieved complete remission of R/R B-ALL between May 2015 and June 2018 at the Shaanxi Provincial People's Hospital was obtained. Kaplan-Meier analysis was used to evaluate the overall survival (OS) and leukemia-free survival (LFS) times of patients, and Cox regression analysis was performed to analyze the prognostic factors that affect patient survival after CAR-T therapy. Results: Among the 38 patients with R/R B-ALL, 21 were men, with a median age of 25 (6-59) years and a median OS time of 18 (95% CI 3-33) months. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that positive MLL-AF4 fusion gene expression was an independent risk factor for OS and LFS (OS: HR=4.888, 95% CI 1.375-17.374, P=0.014; LFS: HR=6.683, 95% CI 1.815-24.608, P=0.004). Maintenance therapy was a protective factor for OS and LFS (OS: HR=0.153, 95% CI 0.054-0.432, P<0.001; LFS: HR=0.138, 95% CI 0.050-0.382, P<0.001). In patients with MRD negative conversion, LFS benefit (HR=0.209, 95% CI 0.055-0.797, P=0.022) and OS difference was statistically insignificant (P=0.111). Moreover, patients with high tumor burden were risk factors for OS and LFS at the level of 0.1 (OS: HR=2.662, 95% CI 0.987-7.184, P=0.053; LFS: HR=2.452, 95% CI 0.949-6.339, P=0.064) . Conclusion: High tumor burden and high-risk genetics may affect the long-term survival rate of patients with R/R B-ALL receiving CAR-T, and lenalidomide-based maintenance therapy may improve their prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/genetics , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy
14.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 641-647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976508

ABSTRACT

Background The mining of non-coal underground mines may come into contact with various types of dust, such as lead, zinc, copper, and non-metallic minerals. Dust of various kinds commonly exists in all aspects of mining and selection, and is one of the main occupational hazard groups in non-coal underground mines. Objective To compare the application of two risk assessment methods in the occupational health risk assessment of productive dust in non-coal underground mines, and to provide a reference for the selection of dust hazard health risk assessment methods and the management of dust hazards in non-coal mines. Methods A field investigation of the dust hazards of three typical non-coal underground mining enterprises (lead-zinc mines, copper mines, and fluorite mines) was carried out, and the comprehensive index method and the occupational health risk assessment method from the International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM) were used to perform risk assessments. The comprehensiveindex method considers the following factors: dust monitoring data, the aerodynamic diameter of dust, hazard control measures, occupational health management, daily usage, and daily exposure time to determine exposure levels. The ICMM method determines the risk level based on the consequences caused by dust, exposure probability, exposure time, and uncertainty coefficient. Kendall consistency test was used to compare agreement between the results generated by the two methods. Results The results generated by the comprehensive index method were as follows: level 3 (medium risk) or level 4 (high risk) for silica dust or lead dust; level 1 (negligible risk) or level 2 (low risk) for other dust (dust with free SiO2 content<10% and containing lead, zinc, and copper, using other dust limit values for comparison), fluorspar mixed dust, fluorine and its compounds, zinc oxide, and copper dust. The risk levels graded by the ICMM method were as follows: level 4 (very high risk) and level 3 (high risk) for exposure to silica dust and lead dust, respectively, and level 1 (tolerable risk) or level 2 (potential risk) for exposure to other dust (dust with free SiO2 content <10% and containing lead, zinc, and copper, using other dust limit values for comparison), fluorspar mixed dust, fluorine and its compounds, zinc oxide, and copper dust. The consistency level between the results graded by the two methods was very high (Kendall W coefficient=0.974, P < 0.05). Conclusion For the occupational health risk assessment of productive dust in non-coal underground mines, the consistency level of risk assessment results between the ICMM method and the comprehensive index method is very high. The ICMM method is more convenient to operate and should be preferred in assessing health risks of dust hazard in non-coal underground mines.

15.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 625-633, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976506

ABSTRACT

Background The complex and diverse occupational disease hazards in automobile manufacturing industry pose high occupational health risks to workers. Objective To explore the methods that can accurately reflect the workplace health risk grade of automobile manufacturing enterprises, and to guide enterprises to practice risk classification management. Methods Comprehensive index method, International Commission on Mining and Metals occupational health risk assessment method (ICMM method), and risk index method were used toassess health risks of occupational disease hazards in major workstations such as welding, polishing, and painting in three automobile manufacturing enterprises in Hunan Province. Kappa consistency test was used to test the grading results of the three assessment methods. The re-examine results and detection rate of contraindications of occupational health examinations in the past three years were used to verify the assessment results. Results The results of comprehensive index method showed that the hazards of each selected workstation in enterprises A and B were evaluated as grade 2-3, among which NO2 in enterprise A was grade 3, and welding fume, NO2, and formaldehyde in enterprise B were all grade 3. The hazards of each selected workstation in enterprise C were grade 3-4, among which NO2 and benzene in were grade 4, and welding fume, manganese and its compounds, grinding wheel dust, and xylene were grade 3. The hazards evaluated by ICMM quantitative method were grade 2 and grade 5, among which manganese and its compounds in enterprise A and welding fume, grinding wheel dust, and benzene series in enterprise C were graded as grade 5. The hazards evaluated by risk index method were grade 1-4, among which manganese and its compounds in enterprises A and B were grade 3, and manganese and its compounds and benzene in enterprise C were grade 4. The Kappa value between comprehensive index method and ICMM method was 0.084 (P>0.05), that between comprehensive index method and risk index method was −0.046 (P>0.05), and that between ICMM method and risk index method was 0.014 (P>0.05), indicating poor consistency. By comparing the results of occupational health surveillance with the results of occupational health risk assessment, one worker was found to have occupational contraindication of manganese exposure and 1 worker was found to have excessive manganese in hair in enterprise A. However, the comprehensive index method graded low risk for manganese and its compounds in enterprise A and the result is conservative. The key workstations identified by ICMM method were consistent with the occupational health examination results, but the assessment grades were all extremely high risk, and the results were too strict. One worker was found to be contraindicated to welding fumes, and 2 polishers were found to have severe mixed pulmonary ventilation dysfunction in enterprise C. Mild and moderate pulmonary ventilation dysfunction was found to be common in welding and polishing workstations in each enterprise. The assessment results of welding fumes and grinding wheel dust by the risk index method were negligible risks, which were inconsistent with the occupational health examination results. Conclusion The comprehensive index method, ICMM method, and risk index method can basically identify workstations with serious occupational hazards, but they have certain limitations and applicability. In general, the evaluation results of the comprehensive index method were generates more consistent with the results with occupational health surveillance than the other two methods, is more comprehensive and objective in consideration, and is more suitable for health risk assessment of automobile manufacturing enterprises.

16.
International Eye Science ; (12): 723-730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972392

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the role and mechanism of methyltransferase-like 3(METTL3)-mediated N6-methyladenosine(m6A)methylation modification in regulating biological activity of vascular endothelial cells in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization.METHODS: Human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)cultured in vitro were divided into the following groups: control group(normal culture), low density lipoprotein(LDL)group, fluorescence-labelled LDL(Dil-LDL)group, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL oxidized LDL(ox-LDL)groups, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL fluorescence-labelled ox-LDL(Dil-ox-LDL)groups, DMSO group, STM2457(METTL3 inhibitor)group, DAPT group; and monkey retina-choroidal endothelial cells(RF/6A)cultured in vitro were divided into control group, DMSO group, 12.5 μg/mL ox-LDL group, and DAPT group. Endocytosed lipoprotein level was examined through fluorescence microscopy. RNA m6A methylation level was detected through a dot blot assay. Protein and RNA levels of METTL3 or angiogenesis-related markers were measured through Western blot assays and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction(RT-qPCR), respectively. METTL3 expression and localization were investigated through immunofluorescence. Cell migratory and tube formation capacities were assessed through transwell migration and tube formation assays, respectively.RESULTS: Endocytosed lipoprotein levels in HUVECs exposed to Dil-LDL, 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL Dil-ox-LDL groups were significantly higher than those in the control group. 12.5μg/mL and 25μg/mL ox-LDL groups significantly increased m6A methylation(all P&#x003C;0.05), METTL3 protein expression(all P&#x003C;0.01), and cell migration and angiogenesis capacities(all P&#x003C;0.01). METTL3 mRNA level was significantly unregulated in the 12.5μg/mL ox-LDL group(P&#x003C;0.05). In comparison to the DMSO group, the addition of STM2457 caused significant decrease in m6A methylation level(P&#x003C;0.05), expression of VEGF and other angiogenesis-related markers(all P&#x003C;0.05), cell migration and angiogenesis capacities(all P&#x003C;0.01)and the expression of NICD(P&#x003C;0.05). However, there were no significant differences in METTL3 protein and mRNA levels(all P&#x003E;0.05). The expression of VEGF and NICD(all P&#x003C;0.05), as well as the ability of cell migration and angiogenesis of RF/6A, was all significantly decreased in the DAPT group compared to the DMSO group(all P&#x003C;0.01).CONCLUSION: METTL3-mediated m6A methylation modification promotes angiogenesis in vascular endothelial cells via the Notch signaling pathway in the pathogenesis of choroidal neovascularization.

17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytokine/chemokine profile in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and assess the prognostic value of survival.@*METHODS@#Serum levels of thirty-eight cytokines/chemokines were measured by multiple cytokine assay kit in EBV-related HLH patients, EBV-infected patients, and controls. The expression profile of cytokines/chemokines was compared among groups. The changes of cytokine/chemokine expression in active and remission stage of EBV-related HLH patients were also compared, and the prognostic values for survival were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Serum levels of interferon-α2 (IFN-α2), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-7 in EBV-related HLH patients were 33.67(23.23-68.78) pg/ml, (74.95±25.53) pg/ml, and 35.35(19.50-63.55) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in EBV-infected patients[IFN-α2: 16.07(9.87-29.63); IL-6: 55.91±20.29; IL-7: 20.40(13.35-31.40)] and controls [IFN-α2: 11.02(4.67-21.25); IL-6:42.64±13.41; IL-7: 16.95(14.95-33.78)](all P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-8, IL-9, and marcophage-derived chemokine (MDC) in EBV-related HLH patients were 11.00(7.50-15.27) pg/ml, 81.30(40.79-111.0) pg/ml, and (512.6±128.7) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in controls [IL-8: 6.80(5.56-8.38); IL-9: 41.30(29.82-67.91); MDC: 384.1±156.6](all P<0.05), but there was no remarkable differences compared with EBV-infected patients (P>0.05). Serum IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC in survival and death groups of EBV-related HLH patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve with area under curve of 0.781, 0.778, 0.633, 0.805, 0.562, and 0.657, respectively (P=0.019, 0.021, 0.269, 0.015, 0.607, and 0.190). IFN-α2, IL-6, and IL-8 had good predictive effect on survival. Serum level of IFN-α2, IL-6, and MDC of EBV-related HLH patients in remission stage were significantly lower than those in active stage (P<0.05), while IL-7, IL-8, and IL-9 were not different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC may take part in the pathogenesis of EBV-related HLH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Cytokines/metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Interleukin-6 , Clinical Relevance , Interleukin-7 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukin-9 , Chemokines , Interferons
18.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 233-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969977

ABSTRACT

Based on data mining technology, the rules of acupoint selection of acupuncture-moxibustion for scrofula in ancient times were analyzed. The relevant articles of acupuncture and moxibustion for scrofula were searched in the Chinese Medical Code, and the original article, acupoint name, acupoint characteristic, and acupoint meridian tropism, etc. were screened and extracted. The Microsoft Excel 2019 was used to establish a acupoint prescription database, and the frequency of acupoints as well as their meridian tropism and characteristics were analyzed. The SPSS21.0 was applied to perform cluster analysis of acupuncture prescriptions; the SPSS Modeler 18.0 was used to perform the association rules analysis of the neck and the chest-armpit acupoints, respectively. As a result, 314 acupuncture prescriptions were extracted, including 236 single-acupoint prescriptions and 78 multiple-acupoints prescriptions (53 for neck and 25 for chest-armpit). A total of 54 acupoints were involved, with a total frequency of 530. The top 3 commonly-used acupoints were Tianjing (TE 10), Zulinqi (GB 41) and Taichong (LR 3); the most commonly-used meridians were hand shaoyang meridian, foot shaoyang meridian, hand yangming meridian and foot yangming meridian; the most commonly-used special acupoints were he-sea points and shu-stream points. The cluster analysis obtained 6 clusters, and the association rule analysis obtained that the core prescriptions of the neck were Quchi (LI 11), Jianyu (LI 15), Tianjing (TE 10) and Jianjing (GB 21), while the core prescriptions of the chest-armpit were Daling (PC 7), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Danzhong (CV 17), Jianjing (GB 21), Waiguan (TE 5), Zhigou (TE 6), Yuanye (GB 22) and Zhangmen (LR 13). The core prescriptions obtained from association rule analysis by difference areas were basically consistent with those by cluster analysis of total prescriptions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Moxibustion , Acupuncture Therapy , Meridians , Tuberculosis, Lymph Node
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1962-1975, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981416

ABSTRACT

In this study, an overview of systematic reviews/Meta-analysis(SR/MA) of Chinese herbal injections for sepsis was performed to provide references for clinical practice and promote the quality improvement of clinical evidence. Eight Chinese and English databases such as CNKI, Medline, and EMbase were electronically searched for SR/MA of Chinese herbal injections for sepsis from database inception to June 2022. AMSTAR 2, PRISMA 2020, and GRADE system, combined with Recommendations for Clinical Evidence Grading on Traditional Chinese Medicine Based on Evidence Body, were applied to evaluate the methodological quality, reporting quality, and evidence quality of the included articles. Twenty-seven articles of SR/MA were included, containing four Chinese herbal injections(Xuebijing Injection, Shenfu Injection, Shenmai Injection, and Shengmai Injection). AMSTAR 2 checklist showed that the methodological quality of the SR/MA ranged from moderate to very low. Item 2(prior study design) was the critical item with poor scores, and the non-critical items with poor scores were items 3(explain the selection of the study designs), items 10(report on the sources of funding), and items 16(conflicts of interest stated). In terms of PRISMA 2020, items in eight topics with complete reporting of missing>50%, including search strategy, certainty assessment, results of syntheses, certainty of evidence, registration and protocol, support, competing interests, availability of data, code and other materials. The included SR/MA involved 30 outcome indicators. Evidence quality of mortality, APACHE Ⅱ, and safety, the top three outcome indicators, was evaluated, and all of them were graded as the medium level. The lack of random allocation sequence, allocation concealment mechanism, blinding, and trial sample size was the main reason for the reduction of the evidence level. The available evidence shows that Chinese herbal injections can serve as an effective and safe adjunctive treatment for sepsis, which can reduce mortality, inhibit inflammation, improve coagulation function, and regulate immune function, tissue perfusion, and oxygenation in patients with sepsis. However, the quality of SR/MA was suboptimal, and more high-quality SR/MA is needed to provide evidence to support the efficacy and safety of Chinese herbal injections in the treatment of sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Injections , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Research Design , Sepsis/drug therapy
20.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981279

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate extrathyroidal extension (ETE) in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) with three-dimensional tomographic ultrasound imaging (3D-TUI). Methods A total of 97 thyroid nodules of 79 patients with PTMC treated in PUMC Hospital from February 2016 to January 2018 were included in this study.Two ultrasound experts performed independent blinded assessment of the relationship between thyroid nodules and thyroid capsule by two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) and 3D-TUI.The results of 2D-US and 3D-TUI in evaluating ETE were compared with intraoperative findings and postoperative histological and pathological results. Results Among the 97 nodules,54 (55.7%) nodules had ETE.The diagnostic sensitivity (68.5% vs.37.0%;χ2=10.737,P=0.002),accuracy (74.5% vs.56.7%;χ2=6.686,P=0.015),and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve[0.761 (95%CI=0.677-0.845) vs.0.592 (95%CI=0.504-0.680);Z=3.500,P<0.001] of 3D-TUI were higher than those of 2D-US.However,3D-TUI and 2D-US showed no significant difference in the specificity (84.1% vs.81.4%;χ2=0.081,P=0.776),negative predictive value (67.9% vs.50.7%;χ2=3.645,P=0.066),or positive predictive value (84.1% vs.71.4%;χ2=1.663,P=0.240). Conclusion Compared with 2D-US,3D-TUI demonstrates increased diagnostic efficiency for ETE of PTMC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Retrospective Studies
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