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1.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 322-328, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711190

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical value of maternal and umbilical blood inflammatory markers,interleukin-6 (IL-6),neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR),C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT),in the diagnosis of histologic chorioamnionitis (HCA).Methods A total of 102 suspected chorioamnionitic cases were enrolled from January 2014 to July 2017.They were assigned into two groups based upon postpartum histopathological examination of placenta:HCA group (48 cases) and control group (54 cases).Maternal and umbilical blood samples were collected for routine blood test and tested for IL-6,NLR,CRP and PCT levels.T,Mann-Whitney U or Chi-square (or Fisher's exact) test was used for data comparison.Meaningful indicators in maternal and umbilical cord blood were analyzed by logistic regression analysis and correlation analysis.At the same time,receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was drawn to evaluate their diagnostic values.Results (1) IL-6 level and NLR in maternal blood in HCA group were higher than those in control group [6.95 (2.40-13.50) vs 3.90 (2.30-9.20) pg/ml,Z=-5.147;5.03 (1.92-9.20) vs 3.94 (1.85-11.17),Z=-3.097;both P<0.05],and the levels of white blood cells,neutrophile granulocytes,CRP and IL-6 as well as NLR in umbilical cord blood were also higher [(9.4± 2.0)× 109/L vs (8.6 ± 1.4)× 109/L,t=-2.522;(6.87t1.62)× 109/L vs (5.99± 1.26)× 109/L,t=-3.071;12.30 (0.50-89.04) vs 3.18 (0.50-88.93) mg/L,Z=-4.519;(8.78±2.56) vs (4.78±1.45) pg/ml,t=-7.025;(4.45±1.36) vs (3.78±1.22),t=-3.020;all P<0.05].(2) Logistic regression analysis showed that elevated levels of IL-6 and NLR in maternal blood and CRP and IL-6 in umbilical cord blood were independent risk factors for HCA [OR (95%CI):1.65 (1.32-2.06),1.34 (1.02-1.77),1.05 (1.00-1.11) and 2.39 (1.72-3.32),all P<0.05].Positive correlations were found between the levels of IL-6 in maternal and umbilical cord blood,and between NLR in maternal blood and CRP level in umbilical cord blood (correlation coefficient:0.680 and 0.230,both P<0.05).(3) IL-6 level in umbilical blood was of the greatest value in the diagnosis of HCA among all single markers,followed by IL 6 in maternal blood,CRP in umbilical blood and NLR in maternal blood [area under the ROC curve (AUC):0.904,0.796,0.760 and 0.678].When two indexes were combined,NLR in maternal blood+IL 6 in umbilical cord blood showed the highest diagnostic value,followed by,IL 6 in maternal blood+CRP in umbilical cord blood,IL-6+NLR in maternal blood and NLR in maternal blood+CRP in umbilical cord blood (AUC:0.917,0.870,0.823 and 0.791).When three indexes was used in combination,the diagnostic value of IL-6 in maternal and umbilical cord blood+NLR in maternal blood was higher than that of IL-6 and NLR in maternal blood+CRP in umbilical cord blood (AUC:0.919 and 0.836).(4) There were 13 cases (27.1%) with neonatal complications in HCA group and two (3.7%) in control group (P<0.05).Conclusions Changes in NLR and IL-6 levels in maternal blood and NLR,IL-6 and CRP levels,and white blood cells and neutrophile granulocytes counts in umbilical cord blood are associated with HCA.The diagnostic efficacy of two indexes combined is superior to that of single index,while the combination of three indexes can significantly improve the diagnostic accuracy and authenticity.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biochemical Pharmaceutics ; (6): 44-46, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-506603

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyse the effect of ursodeoxycholic acid on serum levels of cholyglycine ( CG ) , conjugated bile acid ( CBA ) and soluble vascular cell adhesion molecules (sVCAM-1) in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.Methods 56 patients who were diagnosed with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy in our hospital were collected.All patients were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, 28 cases in each group. The control group were treated with dexamethasone, and the experimental group were treated with the treatment of ursodeoxycholic acid, after 7d of treatment, the serum levels of glucocholic acid , CBA, ALT, AST and sVCAM-1 were detected in all patients. Results After treatment, compared with control group, the serum CG,TBA,ALT,AST and sVCAM-1 levels were significantly lower in the experimental group,and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).Conclusion The ursodeoxycholic acid can significantly reduce the serum CG,TBA, ALT,AST and sVCAM-1 levels in patients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy,improve pregnancy outcome,with guidance significance for clinic.

3.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 1677-1682, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-498728

ABSTRACT

AIM: To explore the serum levels of visfatin (VF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in the patients with pre-eclampsia (PE) and their correlation with insulin resistance (IR).METHODS: The severe PE pa-tients (n =30), mild PE patients (n =30) and normal pregnant women (n =40) were selected according to the classifica-tion standard of PE.The serum levels of VF and TNF-αwere measured by ELISA.Fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and fasting insulin (FIns) were detected by glucose oxidase method and radioimmunoassay, respectively.Triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( HDL-C) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol ( LDL-C) were measured by an automatic biochemical analyzer.According to calculating the mean arterial pressure (MAP), body mass index (BMI) and homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR), the correlation between IR and the levels of serum VF as well as TNF-αwere analyzed.RESULTS: The levels of VF and TNF-αin severe PE group and mild PE group were significantly lower than those in normal pregnancy group (P rum VF and TNF-α(P <0.05).CONCLUSION: Serum levels of VF and TNF-αare closely related to IR.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pathophysiology ; (12): 337-342, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-461611

ABSTRACT

AIM:To investigate the expression of visfatin in the placenta of patients with preeclampsia and its significance.METHODS:The pregnant women (n=100) were divided into normal pregnancy group , mild preeclampsia group and severe preeclampsia group according to the severity of the disease .The pathological changes of the placenta were observed by hematoxylin-eosin staining .The expression of visfatin at mRNA and protein levels in the placenta was detected by real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry respectively .RESULTS:Compared with normal pregnancy group , the patho-logical changes of the placenta in preeclampsia groups was significant , showing that the structure and the form were disor-dered and incompleted in both cytotrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts .The proliferation of cytotrophoblasts and the num-bers of the placental villi with syncytial knots were observed .The vascular numbers of villi were decreased and congested . The results of immunohistochemistry and real-time PCR showed that the visfatin protein was observed in the cytoplasm of cy-totrophoblasts and syncytiotrophoblasts among 3 groups.The expression of visfatin at mRNA and protein levels was in-creased with the severity of the preeclampsia .CONCLUSION:The injury and dysfunction of vascular endothelial cells in the villi exist in the patients with preeclampsia .High expression of visfatin at mRNA and protein levels in placenta of the patients with preeclampsia indicates that visfatin is closely related to preeclampsia .

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 761-763, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-438475

ABSTRACT

Six years' English teaching in department of obstetrics and gynecology in Wenzhou Medical College were reviewed. Language and cultural differences are the main reasons hindering teaching quality. Rational use of a variety of teachers,preparing for lessons adequately,adoption of English image data,supplying and revising English teaching materials,using network auxiliary teaching and forming ef-fective education mode are conducive to improving English teaching quality in department of obstetrics and gynecology for foreign students.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 282-287, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-428765

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of 5(S),6(R),7-trihydroxyheptanoic acid methyl ester (BML-111) on pregnant mice with fetal growth restriction(FGR) induced by antenatal dexamethasone and its probable mechanism. MethodsThe mice were mated overnight,with day 1 of pregnancy designated as the day on which spermatozoa were presented in a vaginal smear.The pregnant mice were then randomly divided into control group,dexamethasone group and BML-111 group.From 9 to 14 days of pregnancy,pregnant ICR mice of control,dexamethasone and BML-111 group were treated separately with saline,dexamethasone(5 mg/kg) and dexamethasone at 8:00 am,and two hours later they were treated separately again with 1 mg/kg saline,saline and BML-111.On the day 18 of gestation,they were sacrificed after blood were collected from their eyeballs.The serum lipoxin A4 was measured with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Fetuses were delivered by cesarean section; the placenta and uterus were immediately removed and frozen.Gene expressions of 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 2 ( 11β-HSD2 ),interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in placenta and lipoxin A4 receptor-formyl peptide receptor 3 (FPR3)in uterine were detected by reverse transcriptionpolymerase chain reaction and compared with analysis of variance.The 11β-HSD2 protein in mice placenta was detected by immunohistochemistry. ResultsThe mean fetal weight of dexamethasone group was (0.823±0.054) g,lower than that of the control group and BML-111 group [(1.103±0.218) g and (0.992 ± 0.207) g] (t =- 4.108 and - 2.890,P < 0.05 respectively).Protein expression of 11β-HSD2 in dexamethasone group (0.030±0.019) was weaker than that in control group (0.058±0.015,t=-3.107,P<0.05) or in BML-111 group (0.049±0.026,t=-2.211,P<0.05).The expression of 11β-HSD2 mRNA in dexamethasone group (0.457±0.062) was lower than that in control group (0.943±0.057,t=-9.418,P<0.05) or in BML-111 group (0.698±0.071,t=-4.617,P<0.05).Expression of IL-1β mRNA in dexamethasone group (0.543±0.103)was less than that in control group (0.710± 0.085,t=-3.736,P<0.05) but more than that in BML-111 group (0.229 ±0.031,t=7.025,P<0.05). The expression of FPR3 mRNA in dexamethasone group (0.323 ± 0.019) was less than that in control group (0.857 ± 0.057,t =-14.630,P<0.05) or in BML-111 group (0.499 ±0.050,t=-4.822,P<0.05).The serum concentration of lipoxin A4 in dexamethasone group was lower than that in control group [(64.463±22.144) pg/ml vs (101.610±24.916) pg/ml,t=3.152,P<0.05].ConclusionsBML-111 regulate the expression of 11β-HSD2 and then protect against FGR resulted from too much prenatal application of dexamethasone.

7.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 539-542, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-420949

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and clinical significance of lipoxin A4,leukotrienc C4,lipoxygenase-5 in peripheral blood of pregnant women with different types of severe preeclampsia.Methods Forty-five singleton pregnant women who accepted antenatal care and delivered in First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College were enrolled in this study from December 2010 to June 2011.All objects were divided into normal pregnancy group (n=20),early onset severe preeclampsia group (n=10) and late onset severe preeclampsia group (n=15).Enzymelinked immunosorbent assay was used to detect lipoxin A4 and leukotriene C4 levels in peripheral blood.The level of lipoxygenase-5 mRNA in white blood cells was detected by real time fluorescence quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction.The differences of lipoxin A4,leukotriene C4 and lipoxygenase-5 mRNA among groups were compared by analysis of variance and LSD-t test;and correlations among their expressions were analyzed by linear regression.Results Lipoxin A4 level in early and late onset severe preeclampsia group was (355.3±116.0) pg/ml and (389.7±117.5) pg/ml,which were both significantly lower than that in normal pregnancy group [(555.0±139.8) pg/ml] (t=-4.03 and-3.77,P<0.05 respectively).The leukotriene C4 level in early and lateonset severe preeclampsia and normal pregnaney group was (591.3±185.5) pg/ml,(510.3±197.1) pg/ml and (496.9 ± 158.8) pg/ml,no statistical difference were found (F=0.889,P>0.05) ; neither did the expression of lipoxygenase 5 mRNA,which was 4.2± 1.9 in normal pregnancy group,4.8 ± 2.0 in early onset severe preeclampsia group and 4.4 ± 1.2 in late onset severe preeclampsia group (F=0.311,P>0.05).There was no correlation among the levels of lipoxin A4,leukotriene C4 and lipoxygenase-5 mRNA in each group (P > 0.05).Conclusions Early and remarkable decreasing of lipoxin A4 level might contribute to the development of early onset severe preeclampsia.

8.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 199-204, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-405927

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore whether lipoxin A4 (LXA4)could prevent lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) monolayer hyperpermeability and its possible mechanism. Methods Human umbilical cords were obtained from women with normal pregnancy immediately after delivery from Tongji Hospital Affiliated of Tongji Medical College. Primary HUVEC were isolated from umbilical veins and subcultured, then, HUVEC were divided into four groups:control group;LPS group (10 mg/L of LPS); LPS + LXA4 group(10 mg/L of LPS and 100 nmol/L of LXA4); LPS +LXA4 + BOC-2 group [10 μmol/L of BOC-2, an effective antagonist of formyl peptide receptor like 1 (FPRL-1)]. All expriments were performed after cells were treated for 24 hours. Endothelial permeability was measured by fluorescein isothiocyan-ate labelled bovine serum albumin (FITC-BSA) clearance across the monolayer; tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-o) mRNA and secretion were detected by reverse transcriplase (RT) -PCR and ELISA assay respectively, and nuclear factor κB(NF-κB) protein change was determined by western blot. Results (1) LPS induced a significant increase in the permeability [Pa value of LPS group was (183.1 ±1.7)%], while co-administrating with LXA4 obviously attenuated this LPS-induced hyperpermeability, Pa value of LPS + LXA4 group was (103.1 ±2.2)%, LPS + LXA4 + BOC-2 group was (162.2 ± 2.8)%, control group was 100%, the permeability of HUVEC monolayer was significantly increased by LPS which was (83.1 ± 1.7)% of control (P <0.01), however, it was notably inhibited by LXA4 (P<0.05); the blockade of FPRL-1 could attenuate the effect of LXA4, that is, there was no difference between the LPS + LXA4 + BOC-2 group and the LPS group. (2) After treatment with different concentration of LPS(0,0.1, 1,10 mg/L), the mRNA expressions of TNF-α were increased (1.11 ±0.11,1.27 ± 0.03, 1.60 ± 0.06, 1.82 ± 0. 04, respectively), compared with the control group, at the concentration of 1,10 mg/L LPS, the difference was statistically significant (P<0. 05). (3) The increased levels of NF-κB and inflammatory mediator TNF-α in the LPS group were both inhibited by LXA4. Levels of NF-κB protein and TNF-o mRNA secretion in LPS treated group (0.53 ±0.06 and 0.81 ±0.09 ,respectively)were both inhibited by LXA4 (0.19 ± 0.05 and 0.41 ± 0.07, respectively, and both had significant difference, P<0.05). (4) Levels of TNF-α in HUVEC culture medium of LPS group [(31.94 ±0.01)ng/L] was significantly higher than the control group [(18.17 ± 0.03) ng/L, P<0.05], LPS + LXA4 group [(15.72 ± 0.07) ng/L] was significantly lower than the LPS group (P<0.05). Conclusion Our findings demonstrated that LXA4 could prevent the endothelial cell hyperpermeability induced by LPS in HUVEC under which the possible mechanism was through inhibiting the expression of NF-κB and its related cytokines through receptor-dependent.

9.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 403-408, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415704

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore lipoxinA4 (LXA4) expression in maternal serum of pregnant women and the protective effect and mechanism of LXA4 on trophoblastic cells from oxidative injury. Methods Trophoblastic cells were randomized into six groups: Control group; Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) group, cells were stimulated by 10 μg/ml LPS for 24 h; Intervention group, cells stimulated by LPS were treated with 100 nmol/L LXA4 for 24 h; LXA4 group, cells were treated with 100 nmol/L LXA4 for 24 h; Antagonistic group, cells stimulated by LPS were treated with 100 nmol/L LXA4 plus 100 μmol/L N-tert-butoxycarbonyl-2-pyrrolidine (BOC-2) for 24 h; BOC-2 group, trophoblastic cells stimulated by LPS were treated with 100 μmol/L BOC-2 for 24 h. The serum concentration of LXA4 in normal group and preeclampsia group was detected by ELISA. The intracellular formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was detected by 2,7-dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) as a fluorescent probe. SOD mRNA was analyzed by RT-PCR. SOD and Nrf2 protein expressions were analyzed by Western blot. The levels of SOD in trophoblastic cells were detected by using detection kit. Results (1) The serum concentration of LXA4 was significantly lower in preeclampsia group (165.53±18.89) pg/L than in the control [(545.67±30.91) pg/L, P0.05). Conclusions LXA4 can significantly reduce the oxidative stress of placental trophoblastic cells stimulated by LPS. LXA4 can bind to lipoxin receptors and activate Nrf2-ARE signaling pathway playing a protective effect. So LXA4 in pregnant women can affect the oxidative stress of placenta.

10.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 767-770, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349746

ABSTRACT

This study examined in vitro effect of lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) on interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production of monocytes and its possible mechanism in severe preeclampsia (PE). Peripheral venous blood was drawn from 15 patients with severe preeclampsia (PE group) and 20 normal pregnant women (control group) to prepare monocytes which were then treated with LXA(4) at different concentrations of 0, 10, 100 nmol/L respectively. IL-1β level in the supernatant of monocytes was detected by enzyme linked immunoassay. The [Ca(2+)](i) of monocytes was measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The results showed that the IL-1β level and the [Ca(2+)](i) of monocytes in the PE group were significantly higher than those in the control group. LXA(4) significantly decreased the generation of IL-1β in a dose-dependent manner in the PE group. After treatment with 100-nmol/L LXA(4), in the PE group, the [Ca(2+)](i) concentration of monocytes was significantly reduced. It was concluded that LXA(4) may inhibit the IL-1β production of monocytes from severe preeclampsia women by inhibiting extracellular calcium influx.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Pharmacology , Calcium , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Interleukin-1beta , Lipoxins , Pharmacology , Monocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Pre-Eclampsia , Blood
11.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 191-195, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-379738

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of lipoxin A4(LXA4) on interleukin-1β(IL-1β)production of monocytes in maternal peripheral blood from severe preeelampsia women and its relationship with cytosolic free calcium([Ca2+]i)concentration. Methods Peripheral venous blood was drawn from 15 women with severe preeelampsia(SPE group)and 20 normal pregnant women (control group)who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College from October 2008 to May 2009.Monoeytes were obtained from peripheral blood with Ficolt density gradient centrifugation and then were suspended in RPMI-1640 culture supplemented with LXA4 at the final concentrations of 0,10 and 100 nmol/L,respectively.IL-1β levels in monocytes supernatant were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.The cytoplasma[Ca2+]i of cultured monocytes and its variations affected by LXA4 were measured by laser scanning confocal microscope. Results (1) After incubation with different concentrations of LXA4(0,10,100 nmol/L)for 24 h,the levels of IL-1β in SPE group were(63.16±8.20)pg/L,(53.71±8.08)pg/L and(43.16±6.89)pg/L,respectively, indicating a significant inhibition effect on IL-1β level in a dose-dependent manner (P<0. 05). The IL-1β levels in the control group were (19.22±7.43) pg/L, (16.99±6.32) pg/L and (15. 18±5.24) pg/L, correspondingly (P>0.05). (2) Without LXA4, the [Ca2+ ]i concentrations of monocytes in the SPE group were higher than that of the control (1028.09 ± 160. 52 vs 323.61 ±87.86, P<0. 05). After treatment with 100 nmol/L LXA4, the [Ca2+ ]i concentration of monocytes significantly decreased in the SPE group (409.67± 116.73, P<0. 05). Conclusions In vitro LXA4 may inhibit the IL-1β production in monoeytes of SPE patients through decrease of the cytoplama [Ca2+ ]i concentration.

12.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 848-853, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-385765

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the effects of lipoxin A4 ( LXA4 ) on lipopolysaccharide ( LPS)-induced oxidative stress in human umbilical veins endothelial cells(HUVEC) and the possible mechanism.Methods Neonatal umbilical cords were obtained from normal term pregnant women with cesarean section within 4 hours and then were used to isolate HUVEC for subculture.HUVEC were divided into four groups:control group; LPS group ( 10 μg/ml of LPS); LPS + LXA4 group ( 10 μg/ml of LPS and 100 nmol/L of LXA4); LXA4 group (100 nmol/L of LXA4) All expriments were performed after cells treated for 12 and 24 hours respectively.Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of Ⅷ foctor and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-erythroid-2-related factor 2 ( Nrf2 ); the mRNA expression of Nrf2, heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and reduced form of nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide quinone oxidoreductase-1(NQO1) were evaluated by reverse transcription-PCR .Results (1)The flavovirens fluorescence was observed in the cytoplasm under fluorescence microscope, which confirmed the existence of Ⅷ factor which specifically expressed in endothelial cells, especially in HUVEC.(2)Immunofluorescent results showed that in control group, Nrf2 protein expressed in the cytosol rather than in the nucleus.In LPS group, the expression of Nrf2 protein obviously increased in the nucleus while decreased in the cytosol after 12 hours.However, after LPS treatment for 24 hours, Nrf2 expression reduced in the cytosol and nucleus.In cotreatment with LPS and LXA4 group,the expression of Nrf2 protein was much higher than that in LPS group after 12 hours or 24 hours.Furthermore, Nrf2 protein also mostly expressed in the cytosol in LXA4 group.(3) After stimulation for 12 hours, compared with control group, the gene expression of Nrf2 and HO-1 were significantly enhanced in LPS group (0.581 ± 0.019 and 0.081 ±0.009, P < 0.05 ) and in LPS + LXA4group(0.692 ±0.048 and 0.136 ± 0.018, P < 0.05 ), the level of NQO1 mRNA in LPS group and LPS +LXA4 group were 0.381 ± 0.009 ( P > 0.05 ) and 0.574 ± 0.034 ( P < 0.05 ).After treatment for 24 hours,compared with control goup, the gene expressions of Nrf2 and NQO1 were down-regulated in LPS group (0.180±0.017 and 0.472 ±0.064, P<0.05).But in LPS + LXA4 group the expression of Nrf2 and NQOI were upregulated (0.532 ± 0.051 and 0.830 ± 0.068, P < 0.05, compared with treatment for LPS group).The mRNA expressions of Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1 were increased in LPS + LXA4 group compared with LPS group ( P < 0.05 ).In addition, there was no markedly difference in the expressions of Nrf2, HO1 and NQO1 between control and LXA4 group after 12 hours and 24 hours ( P > 0.05 ) .Conclusion Through activating nuclear translocation of Nrf2 protein from cytoplasm, LXA4 upregulates the Nrf2downstream enzymes, such as NQO1 and HO-1 to protect HUVEC against the oxidative stress induced by LPS.

13.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 767-70, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634962

ABSTRACT

This study examined in vitro effect of lipoxin A(4) (LXA(4)) on interleukin-1β (IL-1β) production of monocytes and its possible mechanism in severe preeclampsia (PE). Peripheral venous blood was drawn from 15 patients with severe preeclampsia (PE group) and 20 normal pregnant women (control group) to prepare monocytes which were then treated with LXA(4) at different concentrations of 0, 10, 100 nmol/L respectively. IL-1β level in the supernatant of monocytes was detected by enzyme linked immunoassay. The [Ca(2+)](i) of monocytes was measured by laser scanning confocal microscopy. The results showed that the IL-1β level and the [Ca(2+)](i) of monocytes in the PE group were significantly higher than those in the control group. LXA(4) significantly decreased the generation of IL-1β in a dose-dependent manner in the PE group. After treatment with 100-nmol/L LXA(4), in the PE group, the [Ca(2+)](i) concentration of monocytes was significantly reduced. It was concluded that LXA(4) may inhibit the IL-1β production of monocytes from severe preeclampsia women by inhibiting extracellular calcium influx.

14.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 281-284, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-395247

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate protective effects and mechanisms of lipoxinA4(LXA4)on human umbilical vein endothelial cells(HUVEC)under hypoxia in vitro.Methods The HUVEC culture were divided into groups as followed:added M199 cudture medium as normal contml groups,added CoCl2 to mimic hypoxia in vitro as hypoxia group and added different concentrations of LXA4(1,10,100 nmol/L)were added to the induced hypoxiai HUVEC as agents intervention group.Morphological changes of HUVEC were observed by using inverted phase contrast mieroscope.The influence of LXA4 on cell survival was investigated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT) assaying method after the treatment with different concentrations of LXA4 and 100 nmol/L lipoxinA4 according to different time(4,8,12 and 24 hours).The expression of von-willebrand factor (vWF) was detected by immunocytoehemistry method. The changes of cytosolic Ca2+ were measured by laser scanning confocal microscope. Results ( 1 ) Morphological changes:the cells under hypoxia lost its normal shapes and showed necrosis, while the cells cocuhured with 100 nmol/L LXA4 were normal appropriately. (2)Survival rate: the survival rates of HUVEC under hypoxia was (40. 1±3.9) % and increased to ( 52. 9 ± 1.4) %, (64. 1 ± 3. 3 ) %, ( 76. 6 ± 1.6) % respectively when added with LXA4 with concentration of 1,10, 100 nmol/L into culture medium. There was significant different survival rate when compared with that of hypoxia group. (3) The level of vWF: The expression of vWF was decreased with the increasing concentrations of LXA4 added into culture medium, the gray values were 203.9 ±0. 7 in 1 nmol/L,204.6 ±0. 9 in 10 nmoL/L,191.8 ±0. 5 in 100 nmol/L respectively, which reached statistical difference in comparison with that of hypoxia groups (P<0. 05). (4) Confocai analysis:the intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations of HUVEC were intensified with LXA4 treatment. Conclusions LXA4 plays an important role in keeping the normal shape of HUVEC under hypoxia, can enhance survival of hypoxial HUVEC and decrease the level of vWF in cytoplasm. The protective mechanism might be via decreasing mitochondria Ca2+ overload and increasing cytoplasm Ca3+ by nucleus Ca2+ transference.

15.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 10-14, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-380162

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and the optimal time of delivery in pregnant women with severe preeclampsia complicated with ascites. Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 179 severe preeclampsia mothers and their 195 neonates,presented in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College from Jan.2003 to Dec.2005,who were divided into two groups:32 complicated with ascites(ascites group)and 147 without(non-ascites group). The general conditions,mode of delivery and complications including eclampsia,hemolysis,elevated serum level of 1iver enzymes,and low platelets(HELLP syndrome),liver failure,renal failure,heart failure,hypoproteinemia,placental abruption,postpartum hemorrhage and puerperal infection,were also analyzed.Clinical data of all infants(38 from ascites group and 157 from non-ascites group)were analyzed.The incidence and mortality rate of small for gestational age(SGA)in both group within the same gestational age group and those between different gestational age groups in the ascites group were compared. Results (1)The average gestations at admission and delivery in the ascites group were earlier than the other[admission:(32.5±2.1)weeks vs(36.1±3.5)weeks;delivery:(34.1±2.3)weeks vs(37.2±1.5)weeks,P<0.053.The rate of systemic antenatal care in the ascites group waslowcr than that of the non-ascites group(25.0%vs 53.7%,P<0.05).More complications werefound in the ascites group than in the non-ascites group(hypoproteinemia:100.0%vs 47.0%;liver and renal failure:31.2%vs 8.2%;HELLP syndrome:9.4%vs 2.0%;postpartum hemorrhage:18.8%vs 2.0%;all P<0.05).(2)The incidence of SGA in the ascites group was all higher than that in the non-ascites group,however,significant differences was only found between the tWO groups at>36 weeks(7/9 vs 30.2%,P<20.05).The perinatal mortalily rates of SGA in the ascites group at<32 weeks and 32~34 weeks were significantly higher than that in the non-aseites group respectively(<32 weeks:69.2%vs 19.2%,P<0.05;32~34 weeks:2/7 vs 0,P<0.05).(3)The highest perinatal mortality rate and the highest incidence of SGA in the ascites group were found in the groups of<232 weeks and>36 weeks,respectively. Conclusions The early onset of ascites and higher rate of complications in severe preeelamptie women implies the adverse maternaI and fetal outcomes.Ascites in severe preeclampsia cases should alert the clinicians.The optimal time for delivery might be at 32~36 weeks of gestations.

16.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 266-268, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-401030

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical feature,treatment and prognosis of both themother and the fetus with gestational diabetes insipidus.Methods A total of 7 cases of gestational diabetes insipidus collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical College,Wen'zhou Combination ofTraditional Chinese Medicine with Western Medicine Hospital,and Zhejiang Taizhou Hospital from June 1993to June 2006 were analyzed retrospectively.Resuits Seven cases symptoms all characterized by excessive thirst polydipsia and polyuria.The average 24 h urinary output was between 11 L to 13 L and manifested of hypobaricuria.After effective treatment(three cases were treated with 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin,another three patients were managed with hydrochlorothiazide,and the last one was cured with antisterone),seven patients with gestational diabetes insipidus did not have any severe consequences.Their symptoms of excessive thirst,polyuria,and polydypsia disappeared from 7 days to 3 months after parturition.Urinary volume returned to normal standard of 1000-2000 ml during 24 hours.Specific gravity of urine recovered normally between a range 1.015-1.025 and serum sodium recovered between 135-147 mmol/L Theaverage duration of illness was 52 days.Eight newborn infants survived.Two of them were sent to neonatal intensive care unit for treatment.One was because of premature delivery caused by antepartum eclampsia,and the other case was one of the twins who had hydronephrosis.The baby of the first case left hospital after 3 weeks'treatment.The latter one's symptom disappeared 2 weeks after delivery.No obvious symptom was discovered among all the babies through follow-up telephone calls 42 days after childbirth.Conclusion Gestational diabetes insipidus is a rare endocrinopathy complicating pregnancy.This disorder is characterized by excessive thirst,polydypsia,polyuria,hypobaric urine and electrolyte disturbances usually manifesting in the third trimester of pregnancy or puerperium.This is a transient syndrome.The first treatment of choice in patients with gestational diabetes insipidus is 1-deamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin and the second-choice is hydrochlorothiazide.Early diagnosis and appropriate management of the disease may reduce the hazard forboth the mother and the fetus during perinatal period.

17.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 325-328, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400552

ABSTRACT

Objegtlve To study the effect of lipexins on the proliferation and secretion of peritoneal macrophages from patients with preeclampsia in vitro.Methods Peritoneal macrophages were obtained from 24 patients with preeclampsia(preeclampsia group)and 24 normal pregnant women(normal pregnant group)who were treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical Coilege from March to July 2007.Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the concentration of tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)in the supernatant of macrophages which were pulsed with lipoxins at different concentrations(0,10,100 nmol/L)in both groups after 48 hours.Methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT)assay was used to detect the inhibition rate of cell proliferation of macrophages which were pulsed with lipoxins at different concentrations(0,10,100 nmol/L)in both groups after 24 hours.Results (1)The concentration of TNF-α:the levels of TNF-α were(1867.5±47.3),(1836.9±4.5) and (1800.5±2.7)ng/L after treatment with differed concentrations of lipoxins(0,10,100 nmol/L)in preeclampsia group vs normal pregnant group[(791.3±62.2),(789.4±2.3),(781.5±1.9)ng/L].The levels of TNF-α in preeclampsia group were significantly higher than that in normal pregnant group(P<0.05).Lipoxins significantly inhibited the concentration of TNF-α in a dose-dependent manner in preeclampsia group (P<0.05),while it had no significant effect in normal pregnant group(P>0.05).(2)Cell proliferation inhibition:Incubation with lipoxins produced a dose-dependent(0,10,100 nmol/L)inhibitory effect on proliferation in preeclampsia group,[(14.8±6.3)%,(32.9±3.6)%,(36.7±3.8)%],vs normal pregnant group[(16.8±6.9)%,(16.7±5.4)%,(15.9±2.1)%].The rate of cell proliferation in preeclampsia group was significantly hisher than that in normal pregnant group.Lipoxins significandy inhibited this growth(P<0.05),while it had no significant effect in normal pregnant group(P>0.05).Conclusion Lipoxins can inhibit the proliferation of macrophage and secretion of TNF-α in preeclampsia in a dose-dependent manner.Lipoxins may be potentially useful in prevention and treatment of preeclampsia.

18.
Chinese Journal of Tissue Engineering Research ; (53): 254-256, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-409286

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND:Hereditary factor occupies a certain position in suicidal behavior of depression. The researches in the past are focused on the hereditary effect on bipolar depression suicide.How do hereditary patterns and effects work in suicidal behavior in unipolar depression?OBJECTIVE: To probe into hereditary patterns and effects on suicidal behavior in unipolar depression.DESIGN:Retrospective investigation.SETTING:A municipal psychiatric hygienic centerPARTICIPANTS:Unipolar depression group included 115 outpatients and inpatients diagnosed in Wuxi Psychiatric Hygienic Center from June 1st 1983 to May 31st 2002.The diagnosis tallied with Standards on Depression Onset in Categories and Diagnostic Standards on Psychiatric Disturbance in China of 3rd Edition and with Standards on Severe Depression Onset in Manual of Diagnosis and Statistics of Psychiatric Disturbance in America of 4th Edition.The attack frequency of all the cases ≥ 3 times or the cases had been relieved ≥8 years after a couple of attacks.METHODS:The patients who tallied with the standards on unipolar depression received the investigation in every family tree under the instruction of 2 physicians-in-charge and more than 2 physicians and filled up the self-made investigation form of psychiatric family tree,including mainly the data of social demography of patients and their first grade relatives,characters of disease onset,frequency of attack,history of treatment and suicide. After re-diagnosed by 2 physicians-incharge and more than 2 physicians and checked by one physician-incharge,the cases were collected in patient group. The interview was carried on for the patients with suicidal behavior among all of the survived patients (107 cases) and first grade relatives (14 cases).The interview (337 cases) and investigation with letter (380 cases) were carried on for the first grade relatives without suicidal behavior. The investigation forms of 13 dead cases (8 cases of patients, 5 cases of first-grade relatives) were provided and filled-up by one or two first grade relatives. Two researchers interviewed the cases in the control,inquired the first grade relatives and filled up the investigation form of family tree.Single factor analysis was used for all the data and Falconer pattern of polygenetic threshold-value theory was used to estimate hereditary rate and standard error in suicidal behavior.Separation analysis in medical hereditary mathematic method and polygenetic threshold-value theory were applied to discuss the hereditary patterns.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Hereditary effects and patterns of suicidal behavior in unipolar depressed patients.RESULTS:Suicidal risk of unipolar depressed patients(51.30%,59/115)was higher than their first grade relatives (2.58%,19/736) (x2=283.16,P < 0.01).Suicidal risk of the first grade relatives (2.58%,19/736) of unipolar depressed patients was higher than the control (0.12%,3/2469)(x2=50.36,P < 0.01).Suicidal risk of the first grade relatives of the patients with suicidal behavior (3.8%,14/372) was higher than that of the first grade relatives of the patients without suicidal behavior (1.4%,5/363)(x2=4.14,P< 0.05).The weighted average hereditary rate and standard error was (70.16±0.79)% for suicidal behavior in unipolar depression.The predictive morbidity of suicidal behavior in the first grade relatives was 3.1% and the real morbidity was 2.6%,which did not indicate significant difference (u =0.766, P > 0.05).CONCLUSION:Suicidal behavior of unipolar depression presents obvious hereditary effects and its hereditary patterns tally with polygenetic inheritance.

19.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 5-7, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336950

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in human lower segments of myometrium obtained from women in labor and those not in labor and identify the splicing variant of COX-2, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of COX-2. The primers were designed and synthesized according to the sequence of rat COX-2 splice variant which was discovered firstly by us. Then the splicing variant of COX-2 in human myometrium from woman in labor was identified, cloned into vector and sequenced. The results showed that the expression of COX-2 mRNA was lower in human myometrium obtained from women who were not in labor than that in labor women and a new band of COX-2 was obtained in myometrium from labor woman. The fragment included an unspliced intron, which pitched between exons 7 and 8. It was suggested that COX-2 gene was not only expressed highly in human myometrium from woman in labor, but also produced splicing variant by alternative splicing.

20.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 5-7, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634216

ABSTRACT

In order to investigate the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in human lower segments of myometrium obtained from women in labor and those not in labor and identify the splicing variant of COX-2, reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression of COX-2. The primers were designed and synthesized according to the sequence of rat COX-2 splice variant which was discovered firstly by us. Then the splicing variant of COX-2 in human myometrium from woman in labor was identified, cloned into vector and sequenced. The results showed that the expression of COX-2 mRNA was lower in human myometrium obtained from women who were not in labor than that in labor women and a new band of COX-2 was obtained in myometrium from labor woman. The fragment included an unspliced intron, which pitched between exons 7 and 8. It was suggested that COX-2 gene was not only expressed highly in human myometrium from woman in labor, but also produced splicing variant by alternative splicing.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Base Sequence , Cyclooxygenase 2/biosynthesis , Cyclooxygenase 2/genetics , Labor Onset/metabolism , Molecular Sequence Data , Myometrium/enzymology , Myometrium/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Sequence Analysis
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