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1.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 16-19, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005897

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the research progress, research hotspot and development trend of tigecycline resistance based on the quantitative analysis and visualization function of CiteSpace. Methods The data were collected from 4,263 Chinese and English articles on tigecycline resistance in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP and Web of Science (WOS) databases from 2012 to 2022. CiteSpace 5.8.R3 software was used to analyze the cooperative network of authors, the cooperative network of countries and institutions, the total citation times of journals, and keywords included in the literature, to reveal the hotspots and trends of tigecycline resistance research. Results The number of articles published in English literature was higher than that in Chinese literature. China had the largest number of published documents, showing a significant international academic influence in this research field. Countries all over the world were concerned about the resistance of tigecycline, but Chinese literatures focused more on the clinical infection and prevention of tigecycline resistance, while English literatures placed special emphasis on the research about the drug resistance mechanism of tigecycline. Conclusion The research direction at home and abroad is basically the same, but the research focus has gradually shifted from the clinical treatment and monitoring of tigecycline to the molecular level of drug resistance mechanism.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 1-5, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016401

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the research status and trend of scarlet fever literature in China, and to provide reference for subsequent research. Methods Three major Chinese databases, CNKI, Wanfang, and VIP, as well as Web of Science English database, were used to search for literature related to scarlet fever from 2000 to 2023. Citespace6.2.R2 software was used to statistically analyze the number of publications, authors, institutions and journals, co-cited literature, keyword clustering, and other literature characteristics of the literature. Results From 2000 to 2023, a total of 1 011 Chinese literature were included in the three major Chinese databases. Since 2011, the number of publications had gradually increased, but in recent years, the number of publications had decreased. The organization with the most publications was the Shenyang Center for Disease Control and Prevention. The cluster analysis of key words mainly formed 9 cluster tags, and the high-frequency keywords mainly included epidemic characteristics, epidemiology, incidence rate, etc. A total of 84 English literature were included in the WOS database, with an overall upward trend in publication volume. The institution with the most publications was the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, and the most frequently cited journal was “LANCET INFECT DIS”.《Resurgence of scarlet fever in China: a 13-year population-based surveillance study》 was the most cited journal. After keyword cluster analysis, 9 cluster labels were mainly formed, and the keywords were mainly outbreak,Hong Kong, and Group A streptococcus. Conclusion Compared with the English literature, which mainly focuses on spatiotemporal aggregation, etiology and strain resistance, Chinese literature focuses more on epidemic surveillance, clinical features and quality nursing.

3.
Acta Anatomica Sinica ; (6): 105-112, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1015145

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the microscopic structure and morphological characteristics of Zebrafish eyeball and retina at different developmental stages, and to lay a foundation for visual research model. Methods Select eight groups of zebrafish at different ages, with six fish in each group, 48 fish in total. Optical microscopy and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the eyeball structure of Zebrafish at different developmental stages, and the thickness of retinal each layer was measured to analyze the temporal and spatial development pattern. The morphological characteristics of various cells in the retina and the way of nerve connection were observed from the microscopic and ultrastructural aspects, especially the structural differences between rod cells and cone cells. Results The retina of Zebrafish can be divided into ten layers including retinal pigment epithelial layer, rod cells and cone cells layer, outer limiting membrane, outer nuclear layer, outer plexiform layer, inner nuclear layer, inner plexiform layer, ganglion cell layer, nerve fiber layer, inner limiting membrane. Rod cells had a smaller nucleus and a higher electron density than cone cells. Photoreceptor terminals were neatly arranged in the outer plexiform layer, forming neural connections with horizontal cells and bipolar cells, and several synaptic ribbons are clearly visible within them. In Zebrafish retina, ganglion cell layer and inner plexiform layer are the earliest developed. With the growth and development of Zebrafish, the thickness of rod cells and cone cells layer and retinal pigment epithelial layer gradually increases, and the retinal structure was basically developed in about 10 weeks. Conclusion The retinal structure of Zebrafish is typical, with obvious stratification and highly differentiated nerve cells. There are abundant neural connections in the outer plexiform layer. The ocular development characteristics of Zebrafish are similar to those of most mammals.

4.
Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines (English Ed.) ; (6): 62-74, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011012

ABSTRACT

Pathological vascular remodeling is a hallmark of various vascular diseases. Previous research has established the significance of andrographolide in maintaining gastric vascular homeostasis and its pivotal role in modulating endothelial barrier dysfunction, which leads to pathological vascular remodeling. Potassium dehydroandrographolide succinate (PDA), a derivative of andrographolide, has been clinically utilized in the treatment of inflammatory diseases precipitated by viral infections. This study investigates the potential of PDA in regulating pathological vascular remodeling. The effect of PDA on vascular remodeling was assessed through the complete ligation of the carotid artery in C57BL/6 mice. Experimental approaches, including rat aortic primary smooth muscle cell culture, flow cytometry, bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay, Boyden chamber cell migration assay, spheroid sprouting assay, and Matrigel-based tube formation assay, were employed to evaluate the influence of PDA on the proliferation and motility of smooth muscle cells (SMCs). Molecular docking simulations and co-immunoprecipitation assays were conducted to examine protein interactions. The results revealed that PDA exacerbates vascular injury-induced pathological remodeling, as evidenced by enhanced neointima formation. PDA treatment significantly increased the proliferation and migration of SMCs. Further mechanistic studies disclosed that PDA upregulated myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) expression in SMCs and interacted with T-cadherin (CDH13). This interaction augmented proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix deposition, culminating in pathological vascular remodeling. Our findings underscore the critical role of PDA in the regulation of pathological vascular remodeling, mediated through the MyD88/CDH13 signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Mice , Rats , Animals , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88/metabolism , Vascular Remodeling , Cell Proliferation , Vascular System Injuries/pathology , Carotid Artery Injuries/pathology , Molecular Docking Simulation , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Cell Movement , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Signal Transduction , Succinates/pharmacology , Potassium/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Diterpenes , Cadherins
5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 34-37, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993276

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the risk factors of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE) refractoriness.Methods:The clinical data of 106 HCC patients who underwent TACE at the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021 were retrospectively studied. There were 90 males and 16 females, with the age of (59.9±9.3) years. These patients were divided into the TACE-refractory group ( n=47) and the control group ( n=59) based on whether TACE refratoriness occurred after surgery. Serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist-II (PIVIKA-II), maximum diameter of tumor, number of tumor and tumor vascularization patterns between the two groups were compared. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to analyse the risk factors of TACE refractoriness in patients with HCC after TACE. Results:The proportion of patients with AFP >400 μg/L, PIVIKA-II >40 AU/L, number of tumor and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ (uneven enhancement) were significantly higher in the TACE-refractory group than the control group (all P<0.05). The maximum diameter of tumor for patients in the TACE-refractory group was significantly larger than that in the control group ( Z=-2.41, P=0.016). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that patients with serum AFP >400 μg/L( OR=2.707, 95% CI: 1.008-7.271), multiple tumors ( OR=6.069, 95% CI: 2.115-17.415) and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ (uneven enhancement)( OR=7.813, 95% CI: 2.246-27.176) before the first TACE were at increased risks of TACE refractoriness (all P<0.05). Conclusion:Preoperative AFP >400 μg/L, multiple tumors and tumor vascularization patterns Ⅲ+ Ⅳ were independent risk factors for TACE refractoriness in patients with HCC.

6.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 108-115, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992687

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment strategy for pediatric humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week.Methods:A retrospective analysis was made of the clinical data of 36 children who had been treated at Department of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Medical Center, The Second Affiliated Hospital, Inner Mongolia Medical University from January 2011 to January 2021 for humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week. There were 22 boys and 14 girls, with an age of (6.7±2.7) years (from 2.3 to 12.8 years). All fractures were Gartland type Ⅲ. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their treatment methods: a closed reduction and percutaneous pinning (CRPP) group of 15 patients subjected to the CRPP treatment only, and a leverage group of 21 patients subjected to CRPP assisted by the "lever technique" with posterior elbow Kirschner wire prying and pulling. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, fluoroscopy frequency, quality of reduction, and recovery time for elbow range of motion; the elbow range of motion, visual analogue scale (VAS), Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) and complications were assessed at the last follow-up.Results:The 2 groups were comparable because there was no significant difference between them in the general information before operation ( P>0.05). All patients were followed up for (26.2±16.3) months (from 6 to 96 months). All the fractures obtained acceptable reduction and clinical union 4 to 6 weeks after operation. The operation time [(28.2±6.8) min] and fluoroscopy frequency [(27.0±6.0) times] in the leverage group were significantly less than those in the CRPP group [(40.8±10.8) min and (43.3±11.4) times] ( P<0.05). The CRPP group was significantly better than the leverage group in the intraoperative Baumann angle (78.1°±1.6° versus 73.7°±4.1°), lateral capitellohumeral angle (58.3°±2.6° versus 49.6°±5.2°) and horizontal rotation rate (109.5%±3.0% versus 103.2%±4.9%) ( P<0.05). The intraoperative reduction in the CRPP group was significantly closer to the normal mean value than that in the leverage group ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the recovery time for elbow range of motion between the CRPP and the leverage groups ( P>0.05). At the last follow-up, the Baumann angle (75.4°±2.8°) and the lateral capitellohumeral angle (53.2°±3.6°) in the leverage group were still significantly better than those in the CRPP group (78.3°±1.5° and 57.5°±2.3°) ( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference in the elbow range of motion, VAS, MEPS or incidence of complications between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). Conclusion:To treat humeral supracondylar fractures with callus formation and displacement neglected for over 1 week in children, CRPP assisted by the "lever technique" with posterior elbow Kirschner wire prying and pulling is an efficient and accurate method, because it can lead to more satisfactory reduction than CRPP only.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 289-298, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992601

ABSTRACT

Periarticular fracture of the shoulder is a common type of fractures in the elderly. Postoperative adverse events such as internal fixation failure, humeral head ischemic necrosis and upper limb dysfunction occur frequently, which seriously endangers the exercise and health of the elderly. Compared with the fracture with normal bone mass, the osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder is complicated with slow healing and poor rehabilitation, so the clinical management becomes more difficult. At present, there is no targeted guideline or consensus for this type of fracture in China. In such context, experts from Youth Osteoporosis Group of Chinese Orthopedic Association, Orthopedic Expert Committee of Geriatrics Branch of Chinese Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Osteoporosis Group of Youth Committee of Chinese Association of Orthopedic Surgeons and Osteoporosis Committee of Shanghai Association of Chinese Integrative Medicine developed the Chinese expert consensus on the diagnosis and treatment of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder in the elderly ( version 2023). Nine recommendations were put forward from the aspects of diagnosis, treatment strategies and rehabilitation of osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder, hoping to promote the standardized, systematic and personalized diagnosis and treatment concept and improve functional outcomes and quality of life in elderly patients with osteoporotic periarticular fracture of the shoulder.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 961-967, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991449

ABSTRACT

This study summarizes related studies on readiness for online teaching in China and globally and constructs an online teaching readiness scale for higher education teachers with reference to related studies on online teaching competency, blended teaching readiness, and influencing factors for online teaching. This scale includes five dimensions, i.e., belief, teaching readiness, technical readiness, online communication readiness, and institutional support. A questionnaire survey and statistical analyses were performed to investigate the rationality of the scale, and then the scale was modified. The results show that the indicators of the scale have a good degree of fitting, and this study provides a necessary standard for examining the online teaching readiness of higher education teachers and new ideas for online teaching in colleges and universities.

9.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 791-795, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991412

ABSTRACT

The objectives of the paper is to more accurate understand the use demands of wise classrooms for medical students, and provide scientific basis for wise classroom managers when formulating wise classroom environment optimization strategies. In the paper, the questionnaire survey method was used to investigate 23 indicators in 4 dimensions of hardware facilities, information technology, teaching methods and medical wise classroom features. And the data of 1 074 questionnaires were analyzed using KANO model analysis technology and satisfaction importance quadrant chart. Among the 23 demand indicators, there are 6 required attributes, 7 expected attributes, 9 charm attributes and 1 non-differential attribute. According to the theoretical importance ranking of the KANO model, wise classroom managers should first improve the quality of indicators related to necessary attributes, give priority to the quality of indicators related to expected attributes, and finally meet the requirements of indicators related to charm attributes. Relevant policies and construction suggestions for smart classrooms are put forward from the three levels of school top-level design, teachers and managers in the paper.

10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 481-485, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991345

ABSTRACT

The medical massive open online course (MOOC) quality certification standard is the reference for the implementation of medical MOOC quality monitoring. This thesis utilizes data mining, quantitative analysis, qualitative analysis and other methods, taking the comment text of the Chinese medicine courses on the Ai Course (MOOC of China Universities) platform as the data source out of which to extract certain potential indicators for the medical MOOC quality certification standard. Based on the analysis of the existing research results on MOOC quality evaluation domestic and abroad as well as the relevant policies of the Ministry of Education, a medical MOOC quality accreditation standard including 6 first-level indicators are formed, including course content, teaching design and so on. Expert scores and AHP method were used to calculate the weight coefficient of the quality certification standard. Finally, this paper explains the procedure of medical MOOC quality certification in college. This certification system can be used to conduct self-assessment and quality monitoring of medical MOOC in colleges and universities.

11.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 144-149, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical efficacy of totally laparoscopic pylorus-preserving gastrectomy (TLPPG) with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein in early gastric cancer (EGC).Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 38 EGC patients who were admitted to the Subei Hospital Affiliated to Yangzhou University from July 2018 to May 2021 were collected. There were 18 males and 20 females, aged 60 (range, 39?73) years. All patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein.Observation indicators: (1) surgical and postoperative condi-tions; (2) postoperative histopathological examination. (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted using outpatient examination, WeChat interview and medical record review to detect the nutritional status, residual stomach function, cholecystolithiasis, tumor recurrence and metastasis and death of patients. Follow-up was up to July 2022. Measurement data with normal distribution were represented as Mean± SD, and measurement data with skewed distribution were represented as M(range). Count data were described as absolute numbers. Results:(1) Surgical and postoperative conditions. All 38 patients underwent TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein successfully, without laparotomy conversion. The operation time, volume of intraoperative blood loss, time to postoperative first flatus, time to postoperative first liquid food intake and duration of postoperative hospital stay of the 38 patients were (180±28)minutes, (58±38)mL, (2.7±0.6)days, (3.4±0.7)days and (10.3±2.8)days, respectively. Of the 38 patients, there were 6 cases with postoperative complications ≥grade Ⅱ of Clavien-Dindo classification. (2) Postoperative histopatho-logical examination. The tumor diameter, distance from proximal resection margin to tumor and distance from distal resection margin to tumor of the 38 patients were (1.8±0.5)cm, (3.4±0.2)cm and (4.3±0.4)cm, respectively. Both of proximal and distal resection margin was negative. Numbers of lymph node examined and numbers of lymph node examined in the No.6 lymph node of the 38 patients were 23.3±3.9 and 3.4±1.1, respectively. There were 38 cases with pathological T1 stage including 23 cases of T1a stage and 15 cases of T1b stage. There were 36 cases with pathological N0 stage and 2 cases with pathological N1 stage. There were 36 cases with pathological ⅠA stage and 2 cases with pathological ⅠB stage of TNM staging. (3) Follow-up. All 38 patients were followed up for 18(range, 12?48)months. The hemoglobin, serum albumin and total serum protein of the 38 patients were (125.4±5.8)g/L, (42.4±2.3)g/L and (71.6±2.1)g/L, respectively, at postoperative 6 month. Endo-scopy was used to evaluate the function of residual stomach of patients at postoperative 12 month. There were 4 patients with moderate amount of food remaining in the residual stomach. No patient suffered reflux esophagitis, reflux gastritis and bile reflux. None of the 38 patients received post-operative chemotherapy, and there was no tumor recurrence and metastasis or death occured in patient.Conclusion:TLPPG with preservation of the first branch of the right gastroepiploic vein is safe and feasible for the treatment of EGC patients with tumor located at 1/3 of the middle segment of stomach.

12.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1643-1647, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987883

ABSTRACT

The cornea is a transparent outer layer of the anterior eye segment, innervated by a high density of neural tissue. In the process of corneal innervation, trigeminal ganglion originated corneal nerves traverse different types of corneal cell in the epithelial and stromal layers. Corneal stromal cells, epithelial cells, immune cells, and other cells interact closely to maintain corneal microenvironmental homeostasis. In addition, corneal nerves is associated with the occurrence and development of many ocular surface diseases. Corneal nerves release various active peptides that regulate corneal sensation, maintain epithelial integrity and proliferation, improve wound healing, and manage local inflammation and immune response. This article reviews the advances in the corneal nerve regulation of the ocular surface microenvironment, providing some new ideas for the further study and treatment of corneal nerve-associated diseases.

13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 343-350, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986859

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To quantitatively evaluate the trueness of five chairside three-dimensional facial scanning techniques, and to provide reference for the application of oral clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#The three-dimensional facial data of the subjects were collected by the traditional professional three-dimensional facial scanner Face Scan, which was used as the reference data of this study. Four kinds of portable three-dimensional facial scanners (including Space Spider, LEO, EVA and DS-FScan) and iPhone Ⅹ mobile phone (Bellus3D facial scanning APP) were used to collect three-dimensional facial data from the subjects. In Geomagic Studio 2013 software, through data registration, deviation analysis and other functions, the overall three-dimensional deviation and facial partition three-dimensional deviation of the above five chairside three-dimensional facial scanning technologies were calculated, and their trueness performance evaluated. Scanning time was recorded during the scanning process, and the subject's comfort was scored by visual analogue scale(VAS). The scanning efficiency and patient acceptance of the five three-dimensional facial scanning techniques were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#DS-FScan had the smallest mean overall and mean partition three-dimensional deviation between the test data and the reference data, which were 0.334 mm and 0.329 mm, respectively. The iPhone Ⅹ mobile phone had the largest mean overall and mean partition three-dimensional deviation between the test data and the reference data, which were 0.483 mm and 0.497 mm, respectively. The detailed features of the three-dimensional facial data obtained by Space Spider were the best. The iPhone Ⅹ mobile phone had the highest scanning efficiency and the highest acceptance by the subject. The average scanning time of the iPhone Ⅹ mobile phone was 14 s, and the VAS score of the subjects' scanning comfort was 9 points.@*CONCLUSION@#Among the five chairside three-dimensional face scanning technologies, the trueness of the scan data of the four portable devices had no significant difference, and they were all better than the iPhone Ⅹ mobile phone scan. The subject with the iPhone Ⅹ scanning technology had the best expe-rience.


Subject(s)
Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Software , Models, Dental
14.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 737-747, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Both lung cancer and cardiometabolic diseases are leading causes of death in China, and they share some common risk factors. However, the prevalence and long-term effect of pre-existing cardiometabolic comorbidities (CMCs) on the survival of middle-aged and elderly lung cancer patients are still not clear.@*METHODS@#We consecutively recruited 3477 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients between January 2011 and December 2018 from four cancer specialty hospitals in China. Univariable and multivariable adjusted Cox proportional hazard models were conducted to evaluate the risk factors associated with mortality. Hazard ratio (HR) for mortality and corresponding 95% CI were calculated.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of CMCs was 30.0% in middle-aged NSCLC patients and 45.5% in elderly NSCLC patients. Log-rank analysis presented statistically significant differences in median survival time between patients with CMCs and without CMCs in both the middle-aged group (21.0 months vs. 32.0 months, P < 0.01) and the elderly group (13.0 months vs. 17.0 months, P = 0.01). Heart failure (HR = 1.754, 95% CI: 1.436-2.144, P < 0.001) and venous thrombus embolism (HR = 2.196, 95% CI: 1.691-2.853, P < 0.001) were independent risk factors for the survival of middle-aged NSCLC patients, while heart failure (HR = 1.709, 95% CI: 1.371-2.130, P < 0.001) continued to decrease overall survival in the elderly group. Hyperlipidemia may be a protective factor for survival in middle-aged group (HR = 0.741, 95% CI: 0.566-0.971, P = 0.030).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Our findings demonstrate for the first time the prevalence and prognostic value of pre-existing CMCs in Chinese middle-aged and elderly NSCLC patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 586-591, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981903

ABSTRACT

Objective To create a recombinant rabies virus overexpressing IL-33 and to clarify the effect of IL-33 overexpression on the phenotypic characteristics of recombinant virus in vitro. Methods The IL-33 gene was obtained and amplified from the brain of a highly virulent strain of rabies infected mouse. It was then inserted between the G and L genes of the parental virus LBNSE genome by reversing genetic manipulation and rescuing a recombinant virus overexpressing IL-33. BSR cells or mouse NA cells were infected with recombinant rabies virus (rLBNSE-IL33) and the parental strain LBNSE. Sequencing and fluorescent antibody virus neutralization assay was employed to detect the stability of recombinant virus at multiplicity of infection=0.01. Viral titres focal forming units (FFU) were detected to plot multi-step growth curves (multiplicity of infection=0.01). Cytotoxicity assay kit was used to detect cellular activity. ELISA was adopted to identify the IL-33 in the supernatant of infected cells of different multiplicity of infection. Results Rescued rLBNSE-IL33 overexpressing IL-33 remained stable for at least 10 consecutive generations and had virus titers of approximately 108 FFU/mL. rLBNSE-IL33 was able to express IL-33 at high levels in a dose-dependent manner, but no high expression of IL-33 was detected in the supernatant of cells infected by LBNSE. Examination of the titers of rLBNSE-IL33 and the parental strain LBNSE in BSR and NA cells over 5 days showed no significant differences and similar kinetic properties in growth. Overexpression of IL-33 had no significant effect on the proliferation and activity of infected cells. Conclusion Overexpression of IL-33 does not significantly affect the phenotypic characteristics of recombinant rabies virus in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Mice , Cell Line , Interleukin-33/genetics , Rabies virus/genetics , Phenotype
16.
Journal of Modern Urology ; (12): 342-346, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006087

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the clinical characteristics of stone culture and preoperative urine culture of patients with renal calculi in Songjiang area of Shanghai and the relationship with postoperative infection. 【Methods】 The clinical data of 213 patients with kidney stones treated at our hospital during Jan.2020 and Jun.2022 were retrospectively analyzed. All patients underwent preoperative clean midcourse urine culture, drug sensitivity test and stone culture. The gender difference between male and female patients and the difference in postoperative infection between stone/bacterial culture positive and negative patients were analyzed. 【Results】 Among the 213 patients, 47(22.1%) had positive urine culture, and the most common bacterium was Escherichia coli (20 strains, 42.6%). The proportion of Escherichia coli was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients [12 strains (48.0%) vs.8 strains (36.4%), P<0.05], while the proportion of Klebsiella pneumoniae was significantly higher in male patients than in female patients [5 strains (22.7%) vs. 3 strains (12.0%), P<0.05]. Drug sensitivity results showed the main Gram-negative bacteria were highly resistant to ampicillin/sulbactam, cefazolin and cefuroxime, but sensitive to imipenem, kanamycin and piperacillin/tazobactam. The main Gram-positive bacteria were highly resistant to clindamycin, erythromycin and levofloxacin, but sensitive to vancomycin, teicoplanin and linezolid. Stone culture was positive in 31 cases (14.6%), and the most common bacterium was Proteus mirabilis (9 strains, 29.0%). However, there was no significant difference in the main bacterial spectrum between male and female patients. The positive rate of urine culture/stone culture in patients with postoperative fever/urosepsis was significantly higher than that in patients with negative urine culture/stone culture (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 Escherichia coli is the main urinary spectrum of patients with kidney stones in Songjiang area, which is greatly different from the stone culture results. In clinical practice, etiological detection and antibiotics are necessary to reduce the occurrence of postoperative infection.

17.
JOURNAL OF RARE DISEASES ; (4): 346-352, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004961

ABSTRACT

  Objective  To analyze the clinical characteristics of thyroid LCH to enhance understanding of the disease.  Methods  We retrospectively studied the clinical data from six thyroid LCH patients who hospitalized in Huashan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University from January 2015 to January 2022.We analyzed the ultrasound and 18F FDG-PET/CT imaging characteristics of thyroid LCH.  Results  The six patients diagnosed (2 males and 4 females) were between 18 and 58 years old.All patients had diabetes insipidus.MRI revealed thickened pituitary stalk.Two cases had central hypothyroidism, while four cases euthyroidism.Three cases tested positive for thyroid antibodies.Ultrasound showed thyroid nodules of TI-RADS 3 in three cases, TI-RADS 4 in two cases, and 1 with nodular goiter.Ultrasound showed that all sic cases indicated low echogenicity, 5 of which clear boundaries, 4 of which uneven echo distribution, 5 of which irregular shape, and noen has calcification.18F FDG-PET/CT indicated high uptake nodules with SUVmax values all above 10.4 cases were diagnosed by surgical excision and the other 2 by coarse-needle aspiration biopsy.When diagnosed, two cases had liver and thymus involvement respectively.One case had lung and bone involvement respectively.After treatment, 4 cases showed that nodular goiter shrank, while the other two with liver involvement progressed fast and no assessment made.  Conclusions  Thyroid LCH presented low echogenicity, clear boundaries, irregular shape, without calcification, and high uptake in 18F FDG-PET/CT.A definite diagnosis of pituitary stalk thicking accompanied by thyroid nodules, especially those with hypoechoic and irregular nodules, can be achieved by coarse-needle aspiration biopsy and langerin-specific pathological staining.

18.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 90-92, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004897

ABSTRACT

Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disease of cartilage, which often occurs in middle-aged and elderly patients. It can cause joint swelling, pain and limited movement. With the aging population gradually increasing in China, the prevalence of KOA is also increasing, imposing burdens on patients, families and society. At present, the clinical treatment methods for KOA mainly include physical exercise therapy, non-steroidal analgesic drug therapy, intra-articular hormone injection therapy and surgical treatment, which can improve symptoms and reduce pain but cannot effectively cure KOA. With the development of medicine, platelet-rich plasma (PRP) therapy, as a new treatment method, has the effects of nerve repair and pain relief, and has become a new choice for the treatment of KOA. This article reviews the application of PRP in KOA, so as to provide a new perspective for clinical treatment of knee osteoarthritis KOA.

19.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 49-52, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004886

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the difference of demographics and influencing factors of motivations between whole blood donors and plasmapheresis donors, so as to provide scientific reference for effective recruitment strategy. 【Methods】 A total of 200 whole blood donors from Guangyuan Blood Center and 200 plasmapheresis donors from Jiange Plasmapheresis Station were selected in August 2021 for on-site questionnaire survey using the method of cross-sectional survey. Statistical analysis was performed by chi-square test, univariate and multivariate logistic regression. 【Results】 There were significant differences in gender, age, occupation, education level and annual family income between whole blood donors and plasmapheresis donors (P<0.05). Males accounted for a large proportion of whole blood donors(124/196, 63.3%), whereas females accounted for a large proportion of plasmapheresis donors(117/198, 59.1%). There was little difference in the number of whole blood donors in different age groups, while the age of plasmapheresis donors was concentrated in 40~59 years old (167/198, 84.3%). In terms of occupation, civil servants (including public institutions) accounted the highest proportion in whole blood donors (41/196, 20.9%), and farmers accounted the highest proportion (152/198, 76.8%) in plasmapheresis donors. The number of whole blood donors increased with the education level, and donors with college/university and above degree accounted the largest proportion (80/196, 40.8%). Plasmapheresis donors with junior middle school education and college/university and above accounted the largest and smallest proportion (49.5% vs 4.5%). The annual family income of whole blood donors ranged from 30 000 to 80 000 yuan accounted the largest proportion (109/196, 55.6%), and the annual family income of plasmapheresis donors less than 30 000 yuan accounted the largest proportion (132/198, 66.7%). 【Conclusion】 There were significant statistical differences in gender, age, education level, occupation and annual family income between whole blood and plasmapheresis donors. Therefore, targeted recruitment strategies should be formulated.

20.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 618-622, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004797

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the dynamic relationship between the setting up of plasmapheresis station and the volume of voluntary blood donation collected using panel vector autoregressive model, so as to provide scientific reference for the management policies of blood stations and plasmapheresis stations in China. 【Methods】 The data collected from blood stations in seven administrative regions of Guangyuan, Sichuan Province from 2011 to 2021, as well as plasma collection data from two plasmapheresis stations in the region within two years since their operation, were collected. A panel vector autoregressive model was constructed. Impulse response analysis and variance decomposition analysis were used to analyze the impact and time lag effects of simulated plasmapheresis station settings on the collection volume of voluntary blood donation. Covariance analysis was used to explore whether the establishment of plasmapheresis station had an impact on the volume of voluntary blood donation collected after excluding the impact of initial value differences. 【Results】 The pulse response results showed that after the plasmapheresis station was set up, there was a negative impact effect on the voluntary blood donation collection volume at the first stage, and its impact began to rise after the second stage, reached the highest value in the third stage, and then began to decline. After the seventh stage, it tended to be stable. However, within the 10 stage range, the confidence interval for the response strength of voluntary blood donation collection volume always included 0, indicating that the response of blood collection volume to the plasmapheresis station setting in the region was not statistically significant. The results of variance decomposition showed that the contribution of collection volume of voluntary blood donation to their own impact reached 94.3%. In terms of the contribution of plasmapheresis station factors, the number of plasma donors has a relatively greater impact on the volume of voluntary blood donation collected(2.2%). Covariance analysis showed that after removing the initial confounding factors, whether to establish a plasmapheresis station had no significant impact on blood donation volume in the two groups of regions (P>0.05). 【Conclusion】 The establishment of a new plasmapheresis station will have a certain impact on blood collection volume of blood stations in the region in a short term, but in the long term, it may not directly affect the voluntary blood donation collection in the region.

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