Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 44
Filter
1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, and interferon regimen as maintenance therapy for blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of CML-BP patients who received the first major hematological response after induction therapy at The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2015 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The event-free survival, duration of remission, and overall survival of patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group(n=18) and TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group(n=10) were compared by log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients were included, with a median age of 46 (24-58) years old. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group had longer event-free survival (7.4 vs 4.3 months, P=0.043, HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.17-1.14), duration of overall remission (16.1 vs 6.6 months, P=0.005, HR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.11-0.89), overall survival (34.3 vs 13.5 months, P=0.006, HR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.10-0.82) compared with patients in TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group.@*CONCLUSION@#The TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine and interferon regimen can significantly prolong the survival of CML-BP patients who obtained the major hematological response compared with TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Inhibitors, Tyrosine Kinase , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 241-246, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929564

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed to investigate the clinical and prognostic significance of TET2 single nucleotide polymorphism I1762V in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) . Methods: The high-throughput sequencing method was used to sequence 58 hematological tumor-related genes in bone marrow samples from 413 patients with AML. TET2 I1762V and other somatic mutations were annotated and compared with patients' clinical information and prognosis. Results: I1762V was found in 154 patients with AML, which was significantly different from the general population in NyuWa Chinese Population Variant Database (χ(2)=72.4, P<0.001) . I1762V was not related to sex, age, and karyotype of patients with AML (P>0.05) . Patients with I1762V had a significantly higher proportion of NPM1 and KIT gene mutations than others (P<0.001) . NPM1 and KIT mutations were mutually exclusive. The survival analysis results revealed that the overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) of patients with AML with I1762V were significantly greater than those of wild-type patients (HR=0.57, P=0.030; HR=0.55, P=0.020) , whereas the OS and PFS in patients with AML with DNMT3A mutation (with or without I1762V mutation) were lower than those of wild-type patients (HR=1.79, P=0.030; HR=1.74, P=0.040) . Conclusion: TET2 SNP I1762V has been linked to AML. I1762V is a prognostic factor of patients with AML, which can be used to guide the treatment and evaluate the prognosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , Dioxygenases/genetics , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Prognosis
3.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 511-515, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928745

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the key genes and explore mechanisms in the development of myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) by bioinformatics analysis.@*METHODS@#Two cohorts profile datasets of MDS were downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Differentially expressed gene (DEG) was screened by GEO2R, functional annotation of DEG was gained from GO database, gene ontology (GO) enrichment analysis was performed via Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) database, and key genes were screened by Matthews correlation coefficient (MCC) based on STRING database.@*RESULTS@#There were 112 DEGs identified, including 85 up-regulated genes and 27 down-regulated genes. GO enrichment analysis showed that biological processes were mainly enriched in immune response, etc, cellular component in cell membrane, etc, and molecular function in protein binding, etc. KEGG signaling pathway analysis showed that main gene enrichment pathways were primary immunodeficiency, hematopoietic cell lineage, B cell receptor signaling pathway, Hippo signaling pathway, and asthma. Three significant modules were screened by Cytoscape software MCODE plug-in, while 10 key node genes (CD19, CD79A, CD79B, EBF1, VPREB1, IRF4, BLNK, RAG1, POU2AF1, IRF8) in protein-protein interaction (PPI) network were screened based on STRING database.@*CONCLUSION@#These screened key genes and signaling pathways are helpful to better understand molecular mechanism of MDS, and provide theoretical basis for clinical targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Computational Biology , Gene Expression , Gene Expression Profiling , Microarray Analysis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/genetics , Protein Interaction Maps
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 515-519, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880105

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of PX-12 on apoptosis of multiple myeloma (MM) cell line induced by bortezomib.@*METHODS@#MM cell line H929 cells were divided into PX-12 group, bortezomib group, combination group, and control group. 5.0 μmol/L PX-12, 20 nmol/L bortezomib, combination of the two drugs, and DMSO were given to the above mentioned group, respectively. After culture for 24, 48, and 72 hours, the changes of cell viability were observed, the MM cell activity was detected by MTT method, and the cell cycle distribution and apoptosis of each group was detected by flow cytometry. The intracellular ROS level was measured by H@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that after culture for 72 hours, the activity of H929 cells in PX-12 group (P<0.05) and bortezomib group (P<0.01) was significantly lower than that in the control group, while that in the combination group was decreased most significantly (P<0.01). After culture for 48 hours, cells in G1 phase in PX-12 group was decreased to 40%, while cells in S phase and G@*CONCLUSION@#PX-12 can increase the apoptosis of MM cell line H929 induced by bortezomib, which may be caused by increasing of ROS level.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Bortezomib/pharmacology , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Multiple Myeloma
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1419-1423, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827101

ABSTRACT

Venetoclax is a selective inhibitor of the anti-apoptotic protein B-cell lymphoma 2(BCL-2)and has great potential in treating a variety of hematological tumors. In recent years, domestic and foreign scholars have tried to use venetoclax singal or in combination with some drugs to treat the patients with hematological tumors, including elderly acute myeloid leukemia(AML)patients un suitable for intensive chemotherapy, relapsed or refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia(CLL), Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma(NHL)and multiple myeloma(MM)patients, these studies have achieved good results.At the same time,some scholars found that the secondary drug-resistance occurred in some patients who continuous treated with Venetoclax, and explored the Venetoclax-resistant mechanism. In this review, the research advance of Venetoclax in hematological tumors and the mechanisms of drug resistance are summarized and discussed briefly.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Antineoplastic Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic , Therapeutic Uses , Hematologic Neoplasms , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell , Drug Therapy , Sulfonamides
6.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 239-244, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012176

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and side effects of anti-CD19 CAR-T cell bridging to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) regimen for refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia. Methods: 10 patients with refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia with minimal residual disease (MRD) negative after anti-CD19 CAR-T cell treatment, then bridging to allo-HSCT from November 2017 to March 2019 in the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University were retrospectively analyzed. Results: ①Among 10 patients, 5 were males and 5 females, with a median age of 23.6 (10-31) years. 9 patients were diagnosed refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia and the other one was chronic lymphoblastic leukemia. 10 patients reached MRD negative 30 days after anti-CD19 CAR-T cell. ②The donors were identical sibling (2 cases) and haploidentical family member (8 cases) . The median time from MRD negative after CAR-T treatment to transplantation were 32.5 (20-60) days. ③10 patients obtained complete haploidentical engraftment. The median time of neutrophil implantation was 15 (15-21) days, and 19 (17-30) days of platelet implantation. ④ After conditioning, no hepatic venoocclusive disease and hemorrhagic cystitis occurred. One patient had leakage syndrome and got improved after intervention such as limited water entry, albumin supplementation and diuresis. 8 (80%) patients had fever, 2 cases experienced acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) grade Ⅱ, 1 case with aGVHD grade Ⅲ. Among 9 survivals, localized chronic GVHD occurred in 8 patients. ⑤The median follow-up was 262 (150-540) days and the estimated 1-years overall survivaln (OS) and disease free survival (DFS) were (90.0±1.0) % and (85.7±1.3) %, respectively. Conclusion: Anti-CD19 CAR-T cell bridging to allo-HSCT regimen is a feasible choice with favorable outcome for refractory B-lymphoblastic leukemia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Antigens, CD19 , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/therapy , Retrospective Studies , T-Lymphocytes , Transplantation Conditioning
7.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 986-989, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012112

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the pregnancy outcome among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with Nilotinib (NIL) . Methods: Clinical data of pregnancy delivery in CML patients treated with NIL from March 2015 to January 2019 were retrospectively collected. Results: A total of 11 patients were recruited with median pregnancy age 28 (25-40) years. The median duration of NIL treatment before pregnancy was 34 (3-48) months. There were 12 pregnancies, included 2 planned ones and 10 (83.3%) unplanned. In the 10 unplanned patients, 9 (90.0%) received NIL 600 mg/d. The median exposure time were 4 (4-7) weeks. In eight patients with delivery outcomes, 5 cases had well-developed babies, 2 had spontaneous abortion and 1 case with an baby of syndactyly deformity, whose mother was exposed to NIL 600 mg/d for 7 weeks in the early trimester of pregnancy. Seven infants were 4 boys and 3 girls with the median height at birth 50 (41-54) cm and median weight 3.2 (3.0-4.6) kg. They all grew with a normal pattern and well developed. Now the median age is 19 (4-41) months. The disease status during 12 pregnancies included 3 cases in CMR, 2 cases in MR(4.0), 3 cases in MMR, 4 cases not acquiring MMR. The median time of drug discontinuation was 35 (15-36) weeks during pregnancy. No patient lost CHR during this period. Conclusions: Female CML patients exposed to NIL 600 mg/d for 4 weeks in early pregnancy can give birth to normal babies, but there is still a risk of spontaneous abortion and congenital malformations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Pregnancy , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
8.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 853-855, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012080

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the availability and safety of fecal microbiota transplantation for patients with refractory diarrhea after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) . Methods: Four acute leukemia patients suffered from refractory diarrhea after allo-HSCT. One of them was refractory intestinal infection, the others were intestinal graft versus host disease. One or two doses of fecal microbiota, 3.4-6.0 U for one dose, were infused via nasal-jejunal tube. The curative effect and side effects were reviewed. Results: Three cases achieved complete remission while 1 was stable disease. The side effects included fever, abdominal pain and diarrhea, which all were Ⅰ grade. Conclusion: Fecal microbiota transplantation was effective and safe for refractory diarrhea after allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diarrhea/therapy , Fecal Microbiota Transplantation , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation/adverse effects , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
9.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 750-754, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012057

ABSTRACT

Objective: To improve the knowledge and experience of ibrutinib combined with CAR-T cells in the treatment of high-risk chronic lymphoblastic leukemia (CLL) patients or small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with TP53 gene aberration. Methods: One case of del (17p) CLL patients with BCL-2 inhibitor resistance was treated with ibrutinib combined with CAR-T cells, successfully bridged to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) , and the relative literatures were reviewed. Results: The patient was a young female with superficial lymph node enlarging at the beginning of the onset. Lymph node biopsy was confirmed as small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) without del (17p) . The disease progressed rapidly to CLL/SLL with del (17p) and bone marrow hematopoietic failure 2 years later. Firstly, the patient was treated with BCL-2 inhibitor (Venetoclax) , and the enlarged lymph nodes shrank significantly 2 months later. After 3 months, the disease progressed rapidly. The spleen was enlarged to 16 cm below the ribs, the neck lymph nodes was rapidly enlarged, and the superior vena cava syndrome appeared, which were mainly attributed to venetoclax resistance; so BTK inhibitor (ibrutinib) was used continuously after venetoclax discontinuation. Partial remission (PR) was achieved without lymphocytosis after 2 months, then ibrutinib was combined with CAR-T cells targeting CD19 antigen. Grade 1 of cytokine release syndrome (CRS) appeared after CAR-T cells infusion, and the complete remission (CR) was achieved after 1 month both in bone marrow and peripheral blood, with minimal residual disease (MRD) negative, then bridging allo-HSCT after 2 months of combined therapy. Conclusion: CLL/SLL patients with TP53 aberration have poor prognosis because of rapid progression, drug resistance, etc. Ibrutinib combined with CAR-T cell therapy can quickly achieved complete remission.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/therapy , Piperidines , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 , Pyrazoles/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Recoverin , T-Lymphocytes
10.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 726-731, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012052

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of mesenchymal stem cells in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with refractory severe aplastic anemia (R-SAA) . Method: The clinical data of 25 R-SAA patients receiving co-transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells combined with peripheral blood stem cells from sibling donors (10 cases) and unrelated donors (15 cases) from March 2010 to July 2018 in Zhengzhou University Affiliated Tumor Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treatment was ineffective/relapsed in 11 cases, and cyclosporine (CsA) treatment ineffective/relapsed in 14 cases. Results: There were 13 male and 12 female among these patients. One patient had a primary graft failure, one patient had a poorly engraftment of platelets, and the remaining 23 patients achieved hematopoietic engraftment. The median time of granulocyte engraftment was 12.5 (10-23) days and 15 (11-25) days for megakaryocyte. Incidences of grade Ⅰ/Ⅱ acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) were 37.5% (9/24) and 21.7% (5/23) , respectively. There was no severe GVHD and no severe complications that related to transplantation. 21 of 25 (84%) patients were alive with a median follow-up of 22.9 (1.6-107.8) months. The 5-year overall survival rate after transplantation was (83.6±7.5) %. Conclusion: The combination of mesenchymal stem cells is reliable and safe in the treatment of R-SAA in peripheral blood stem cell transplantation of unrelated donors and sibling donors, which could significantly reduce the incidence of GVHD and severe transplantation-related complications.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Anemia, Aplastic/therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Retrospective Studies , Transplantation Conditioning
11.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 662-666, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012035

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a new method for chimerism analysis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation by using multiple nucleotide polymorphism sequencing (MNPseq) , and to explore its feasibility and superiority. Methods: One hundred MNP fragments were screened and chimeric analysis was performed by high-throughput sequencing technology. The accuracy and sensitivity of the method were verified by simulating chimeric samples and post-transplant samples and comparing them with short tandem repeat (STR) analysis, fusion gene quantitative detection and flow cytometry for minimal residual disease. Results: The accuracy and sensitivity of MNPseq were better than those of STR, in which the sensitivity could reach 0.01%, about 100 times more sensitive than STR. MNPseq could further distinguish 42 STR fully chimeric samples, and after corrected by cutoff value, it was correlated with the quantitative detection of fusion gene. MNPseq could correct false positive of STR caused by the shadow peak, and could be used to detect chimeric samples lacking pre-transplant information from donors and recipients. Conclusion: MNPseq analysis based on high-throughput sequencing is a more accurate and sensitive chimerism detection method, and it solves the problem that chimerism cannot be detected due to the lack of pre-transplant information, which has extremely high clinical application value.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Tissue Donors , Transplantation Chimera
12.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 209-214, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011960

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics and prognosis of clonal chromosomal abnormalities appearing in Philadelphia negative metaphases (CCA/Ph(-)) cells in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy. Methods: The clinical data of 30 cases with CCA/Ph(-) during TKI treatment in Henan Cancer Hospital from August 2007 to July 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The univariate factor was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method. Multiple-factor was analyzed by Cox proportional risk model. Results: Of the 30 cases, 19 (63.3%) were males. At the first detection of CCA/Ph(-) the median age was 44 (rang 14-68) years old and the median treatment of TKI was 13 (rang 2-94) months. The clones proportion of first detected CCA/Ph(-)≥ 50% was found in 18 (60.0%) cases. TKI treatment for 3 months with BCR-ABL(IS) less than 10% was seen in 14 (46.7%) patients. 63.3% (19/30) of CCA/Ph(-) was transient (only one time) and 36.7% (11/30) was repeated (≥2 times) . Trisomy 8 dominant accounted for 60.0% (18/30) , -7/7q- for 13.3% (4/30) , loss of chromosome Y 6.7%. With a median of follow-up 50 months, 76.7% (23/30) cases were in complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) ; 63.3% (19/30) in major molecular response (MMR) , 43.3% (13/30) in undetectable minimal residual disease (UMRD) . The median event-free survival rate of (EFS) were 44 months, and 2-year and 5-year EFS were (82.1±7.3) % and (52.4±12.8) %, respectively. The median overall survival (OS) were 50 months, and 2-year and 5-year OS rates were (92.6±5.0) % and (77.2±14.7) %, respectively. Univariate analysis shows that the 2-year EFS of who in males, more than 2 times CCA/Ph(-), BCR-ABL(IS)>10% at 3 months after TKI were significantly lower than women, transient CCA/Ph(-), and BCR-ABL(IS)≤10% (P<0.05) . The 2-year OS rate in whom the occurrence frequency of CCA/Ph(-) more than twice was significantly lower than those with transient CCA/Ph(-) (P<0.05) . Multivariate analysis showed that CCA/Ph(-) was an independent risk factor (RR=4.741, 95%CI 1.21-18.571, P=0.018) for EFS in CML patients. Conclusion: Trisomy 8, -7/7q-, and -Y were the most common CCA/Ph(-) during TKI treatment, with high clones proportion of ≥50%. CCA/Ph(-) mainly occurred transiently or was permanent occasionally. CCA/Ph(-) recurrence (≥2 times) was an independent risk factor for EFS and OS in CML with TKI.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Chromosome Aberrations , Chromosomes, Human , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Metaphase , Prognosis , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
13.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 111-116, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011937

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of combination regimen of interferon alpha-1b, interleukin-2 and thalidomide (ITI regimen) on minimal residual disease (MRD) in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) who were in hematologic remission but MRD-positive. Methods: Eighteen patients (17 from Tumor Hospital of Zhengzhou University and 1 from the First People's Hospital of Pingdingshan City) with AML admitted from July 2016 to June 2018, who were in hematologic remission but MRD-positive were treated with different doses of ITI regimen, and the MRD levels were monitored. Results: Among 18 patients who received a conventional dose of ITI regimen for 1 to 2 months, 7 patients had undetectable MRD, 3 had significant decrease in MRD levels, 3 had elevated MRD level and had hematologic recurrence. Three patients with elevated MRD level received a higher dose of ITI regimen, 2 of them turned to MRD negative and the other 1 patient had decreased MRD level. The total response rate was 72.2%, and the response rate in patients with MRD > 1.0% was 57.1% (4/7) , and that of patients with MRD < 1.0% was 81.8% (9/11) , respectively. Conclusion: The ITI regimen can reduce the MRD level of patient with AML who are in hematologic remission but MRD-positive. The therapeutic effect could be improved by a higher dose administration of ITI regimen, and therapeutic effect may be negatively correlated with MRD level before treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Flow Cytometry , Interferon-alpha , Interleukin-2 , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis , Remission Induction , Thalidomide
14.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 757-760, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011854

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the occurrence, clinical characteristics, diagnosis and treatment of glomerulitis after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Methods: Analysis were carried out based on the clinical data of 6 patients with de novo glomerulitis following allo-HSCT hospitalized in Henan Tumor Hospital from January 2008 to December 2016, and the clinical manifestation, pathology, diagnosis, treatment and outcome were investigated. Results: The occurrence of glomerulitis was 1.26% (6/478). The median time was 447(272-1 495) d after allo-HSCT. Proteinuria and varying degrees of edema were present in all patients. Of the 6 patients, 4 patients with impaired renal function, 3 cases of hypertension, 5 cases of urine occult blood positive, 2 cases of hyperlipidemia. 5 patients underwent acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), 4 patients accompanied with chronic GVHD at diagnosis. Kidney pathology showed typical features of minimal change diseases in 1 patient, membranous nephropathy in 4 patients and mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis in 1 case. Immunohistochemistry of glomerular lesions revealed that the immune complex deposition included IgG in 4 patients, C3 in 3 patients, IgM and C1q in 1 patient. Serum ANA was positive in 2 patients and serum IgG and IgM were in high level in 1 patient, respectively. Only 1 case was effective on glucocorticoid. 5 cases treated by low dose cyclophosphamide combined with mycophenolate mofetil (MMF), 2 cases achieved complete remission, and 3 cases were partial remission. Up to now, 2 cases died with lung infection, and 4 patients survived. Conclusion: The predominant pathological type of glomerulitis was membranous nephropathy. Low-dose cyclophosphamide combined with MMF was an effective treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Glomerulonephritis , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Mycophenolic Acid , Retrospective Studies
15.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 579-583, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011814

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the expression and prognostic significance of miR-223 in patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and to investigate the possible mechanism. Methods: Twenty-one newly diagnosed MCL patients with bone marrow involvement were enrolled in the present study, 20 healthy donors as normal control. The expression level of miR-223 and SOX11 mRNA was determined by RQ-PCR. CCK-8 and flow cytometer assays were used to analyze cell proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of the constructed miR-223 overexpressing MCL cell line, Granta519 cells. SOX11 protein expression level was determined by Western blot. The target gene of miR-223 was confirmed by dual luciferase reporter assay. Results: ①Of the 21 newly diagnosed MCL patients, 15 were male and 6 female, the median age was 58 (37-72) years. The expression level of miR-223 was significantly down regulated in MCL patients compared with that of healthy donors (14.7±10.5 vs 1 244.1±1 935.2, P<0.001). The lower expression of miR-223 was inversely correlated with high-risk mantle international prognostic index (P=0.001), elevated LDH (P=0.001), ECOG score ≥2 (P=0.035). ②Using the median relative expression level of miR-223 as the cutoff value, 21 MCL patients were divided into high-expression group (n=10) and low-expression group (n=11) and found that the high-expression group had a significantly superior OS (median OS: 36 vs 12 months, P=0.021). ③In vitro results showed that compared with the control group, the proliferation of miR-223 overexpressed Granta519 cells was inhibited (the most significant reduction on 96h, P<0.001), manifested by lower proportion of cells in G2/M phase (P<0.001) and increased apoptosis (P<0.001), and the expression level of SOX11 protein in Granta519 cells was significantly lower than that of the control group. ④miR-223 could inhibited the 3' untranslated region of SOX11, and the expression level of miR-223 was significantly negatively correlated with mRNA level of SOX11 in MCL patients (r=-0.81, P<0.001). Conclusions: The expression of miR-223 was repressed in MCL and was associated with poor clinical outcomes, which may be probably attributed to its direct targeting SOX11.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell , MicroRNAs , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , SOXC Transcription Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 569-572, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011812

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the efficacy and safety of asparaginase based chemotherapy bridging autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in the treatment of 16 patients with nasal type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (ENKTL). Methods: From January 2012 to June 2017, 16 patients with nasal type extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma reached complete remission by L-asparaginase based regimens, and then received auto-HSCT. Results: ①Of the 16 patients, 12 were males and 4 females, with a median age of 35.5 (14-61) years. There were 11 patients in the first complete remission (CR1) and 5 in the second CR (CR2) before transplantation, respectively. EB virus (EBV) DNA (EBV-DNA) was negative and positive in 13 and 3 cases respectively before transplantation. ②Hematopoietic reconstitution was achieved in all 16 cases. The median time for neutrophils implantation was 12 (8-17) days, and that of platelet implantation was 15.5 (12-24) days. ③To the last follow-up, there were no transplant related deaths, 3 patients died of disease progression. The median overall survival (OS) time and progression-free survival time (PFS) were not reached. Seven patients lived with no disease progression more than 2 years. ④The OS and PFS of patients at CR(1) before auto-HSCT are better than that of patients at CR(2), but there was no statistically significant difference (P=0.162, P=0.123). There was no significant difference in OS and PFS between EBV-DNA negative and positive patients before transplantation (P=0.280, P=0.244). Conclusions: L-asparaginase based regimens bridging auto-HSCT is a safe and highly effective for advanced-stage and relapsed ENKTL treatment.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Asparaginase , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Lymphoma, Extranodal NK-T-Cell , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nose Neoplasms , Transplantation, Autologous
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 540-545, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011807

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the pregnancy outcome and disease status among patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) when they stopped TKI treatment during pregnancy. Methods: The clinical characteristics, reproductive outcomes and disease status of the patients who stopped TKI due to pregnancy between November 2004 to November 2017 were retrospectively collected. Results: A total of 14 CML patients in chronic phase (CML-CP), 12 patients were Sokal-low-risk. The median time of TKI treatment was 46.5 (15-123) months before the drug was stopped. The median age at the time of pregnancy was 29 (24-32) years. The median time of TKI exposure was 4 (0-9) weeks in 12 accidental pregnancies. Outcomes were available for 13 pregnancies, 9 cases (69.2%) delivered healthy babies, 1 case (7.7%) delivered polydactylia malformation baby, 3 cases (23.1%) had spontaneous abortion. The last one was still in pregnancy (no organ malformations were observed in color Doppler ultrasound). At the end of the follow up date, 10 children developed normal, the median age was 14 (0.7-65) months. Of the 14 patients who stopped TKI, 7 in complete molecular response (CMR), 3 in MR(4) (BCR-ABL(IS) <0.01%, ABL transcript >10 000), 2 in major molecular response (MMR), 2 in complete cytogenetic response (CCyR). The median time of TKI discontinuation during pregnancy was 33.5 (4-40) weeks. At the end of pregnancy, 4 cases were in CMR, 4 in MR(4), 1 in MMR and 4 in CCyR. No patients lost CCyR and complete hematologic remission. Conclusions: During the treatment of imatinib and Nilotinib, unplanned pregnancy may have a normal infant, but may lead to spontaneous abortion and congenital malformations. Female of CML-CP who had sustained and stable MMR at least 24 months and Sokal-low-risk had higher safety factor discontinued TKI during pregnancy, but still had a risk of increasing tumor load, so monitored the level of BCR-ABL of peripheral blood monthly during pregnancy is necessary.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Young Adult , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Imatinib Mesylate/therapeutic use , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 277-280, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011744

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical features of patients with synchronous lymphoma and carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 17 patients with Synchronous lymphoma and carcinoma from February 2012 to October 2017 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Among 17 patients of lymphoma, 1 case HL, 2 cases B-NHL, 6 cases MZBL, 3 cases DLBCL, 1 case mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) , 3 cases NK/T- cell lymphoma, 1 case anaplastic large cell lymphoma(ALCL). In terms of 17 patients with carcinoma, 3 cases esophageal carcinoma, 3 cases gastric carcinoma, 2 cases colorectal carcinoma, 7 cases thyroid carcinoma, 1 case hepatocellular carcinoma and lung cancer. Up to 15 patients received operation, and some of them combined with chemotherapy, radiotherapy and autologous transplant. Follow-up analysis showed that 3 cases was undergoing treatment, 2 cases lost follow-up, 4 cases died, 3 cases achieved CR, 3 cases remained to be at SD, and 2 cases assessed for progression or recurrence. Conclusion: The relationship between lymphoma and carcinoma was under discussion, patients with synchronous lymphoma and carcinoma were not unusual. We herein should raise awareness to avoid misdiagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Neoplasms , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary , Retrospective Studies
19.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 212-218, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011727

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the molecular-cytogenetic characterization and impact on tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) therapy in chronic phase of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-CP) patients with variant Ph chromosome (vPh). Methods: The clinical data of 32 patients with vPh chromosomes were collected and compared with 703 patients with typical Ph chromosome in newly diagnosed CML-CP who were on first-line imatinib (IM) and with BCR-ABL transcript of P210. Results: There was no significant difference in demographic and hematological characteristics between vPh and classic Ph patients. 3(9.4%) of the 32 vPh cases were simple variant translocations. Among the remaining 29 cases with complex variant translocations, 28 cases (87.5%) involved 3 chromosomes, and only 1 (3.1%) involved 4 chromosomes. Except for 8, 15, 18, X, and Y chromosomes, the other chromosomes were involved. The frequency of chromosome 12q(15.5%) and 1p (12.1%) were higher involved. The most common FISH signal pattern was 2G2R1Y (74.1%), followed by 1G1R2F (14.8%), 2G1R1Y (3.7%), 1G2R1Y (3.7%), 1G1R1Y (3.7%). The comparison of complete cytogenetic response (CCyR) (P=0.269), major molecular response (MMR) (P=0.391) were carried out between simple and complex mechanisms, without difference. Compared with the classic Ph, the patients with vPh had higher IM primary resistance rate (χ2=3.978, P=0.046), especially primary hematological resistance (χ2=7.870, P=0.005), but the difference of CCyR (χ2=0.192, P=0.661), MMR (χ2=0.822, P=0.365), EFS (χ2=0.509, P=0.476), OS (χ2=3.485, P=0.062) were not statistically significant, and multivariate analysis showed that the presence of vPh did not affect OS (RR=0.692, 95%CI 0.393-1.765, P=0.658)、EFS (RR=0.893, 95%CI 0.347-2.132, P=0.126) and PFS (RR=1.176, 95%CI 0.643-2.682, P=0.703). Conclusion: CML-CP patients with vPh and classic Ph had similar demographic and hematological characteristics. Except for 22q11, 9q34, the frequency of chromosome 12q and 1p were higher involved. The most common FISH signal pattern was 2G2R1Y, and different mechanisms had no impact on TKIs therapy. Compared with cases with classic Ph chromosomes, the patients with vPh chromosomes had higher risk of IM primary resistance, especially primary hematological resistance, which can obtain deeper molecular response quickly after changing to second-generation TKIs and didn't affect long-term outcomes and OS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cytogenetics , Fusion Proteins, bcr-abl , Imatinib Mesylate , Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase/drug therapy , Philadelphia Chromosome , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1414-1419, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689921

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical efficacy and possible influencing factors of autologous hematopoietic Stem cell transplantation (auto-HSCT) in the treatment of patients with multiple myeloma (MM).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data of 40 MM patients received auto-HSCT in the Department of Hematology of Henan Cancer Hospital from September 2010 to November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical curative efficiency was summarized and the related factors were analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The curative efficiency of the patients before transplantation was 9(22.5%) with complete remission(CR), 5(12.5%) with very good partial remission(VGPR), 26(65%) with partial remission(PR), respectively, one of them was PR after 3 recurrences. The curative efficiency after transplantation was 22(55%) with complete remission(CR), 12(30%) with very good partial remission(VGPR), 6(15%) with partial remission(PR), respectively. And 2 cases were CR after double transplantation. Median follow-up time was 28.4 (3.1 to 88) months,15 cases presented disease progression, 7 cases were dead, 3-year estimated progression-free survival(PFS) and overall survival(OS) rate were 45.1% and 82% respectively. Unvariate analysis showed that the OS was affected by ISS stage (P<0.05), CR and VGPR (P<0.05) after transplantation; PFS was affected by ISS stage (P<0.01), before transplantation induction therapy (27 cases with bortezomizomi or thalidomide) (P<0.05), disease risk stratification (6 cases in high risk group) (P<0.05) , CR and VGPR (P<0.05) before transplantation, CR and VGPR (P<0.01) after transplantation. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that the independent prognostic factors for OS were ISS stage, CR and VGPR after transplantation; the independent prognostic factors for PFS were the CR, VGPR, ISS stage after transplantation and induction therapy before transplant.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Auto-HSCT can improve the clinical efficacy and survival rate of MM patients; ISS stage, CR and VGPR after transplantation are independent prognostic factors for OS and PFS, and induction therapy before transplantation is also an independent prognostic factor for PFS.</p>

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL