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1.
Clinics ; 78: 100199, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439910

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze the value of serum miRNA-122 expression in the diagnosis, severity, and prognosis of Acute Cerebral Infarction (ACI) and the correlation mechanism of serum miRNA-122 on the proliferation and apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells in ACI. Method: A total of 60 patients with ACI who were admitted to the emergency department of the Taizhou People's Hospital from January 1, 2019, to December 30, 2019, and 30 healthy controls during the same period were selected. General clinical data of all patients at admission were collected. Including age, sex, medical history, and inflammatory factors (C-Reactive Protein [CRP], Interleukin-6 [IL-6], Procalcitonin [PCT], Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipid carrier protein [NGAL]). The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score at admission and short-term prognosis (the Modified Rankin Score [mRS]) score at 3 months after onset were recorded. The expression level of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI and normal controls was detected by reverse-transcription quantitative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-QPCR), and the correlation between the expression level of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI and the level of inflammatory factors, NIHSS and mRS scores were analyzed. The expression levels of miRNA-122 in the serum of patients with ACI, normal people, and Human Umbilical cord Endothelial Cells (HUVECs) cultured in a blank control group were detected by RT-QPCR and statistically analyzed. MTT and flow cytometry was used to compare the proliferation and apoptosis of vascular endothelial cells in the miRNA-122 mimics and inhibitors transfection groups and the corresponding negative control group. The mRNA and protein levels of apoptosis-related factors Bax, Bcl-2, Caspase-3, and angiogenesis-related proteins Hes1, Notch1, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors (VEGF), and CCNG1 were detected by RT-QPCR and Western blot. Bioinformatics methods predicted CCNG1 to be the target of miRNA-122, and the direct targeting relationship between CCNG1 and miRNA-122 was verified by a dual-luciferase reporting assay. Result: Serum miRNA-122 expression in patients with ACI was significantly higher than that in healthy controls, with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.929, 95% Confidence Interval of 0.875‒0.983, and an optimal cut-off value of 1.397. The expression levels of CRP, IL-6, and NGAL in patients with ACI were higher than those in healthy control groups, p < 0.05; miRNA-122 was positively correlated with CPR, IL-6, NIHSS score, and mRS score. At 48h and 72h, the proliferation rate of HUVECs cells in the miRNA-122 mimics group decreased and the apoptosis rate increased. Cell proliferation rate increased, and apoptosis rate decreased significantly in the groups transfected with miRNA-122 inhibitors. The mRNA and protein levels of pro-apoptotic factors Bax and caspase-3 were significantly increased in the miRNA-122 mimics transfection group, while those of anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 were significantly decreased compared to those of the control group. The expression of Bax and Caspase-3 decreased, and the expression of anti-apoptotic factor Bcl-2 increased in the transfected miRNA-122 inhibitors group. mRNA expression levels of Hes1, Notch1, VEGF, and CCNG1 in the miRNA-122 mimic transfected group were significantly decreased, while mRNA expression levels in the miRNA-122 inhibitors transfected group were significantly increased. Bioinformatics showed that there was a miRNA-122 binding site in the 3′UTR region of CCNG1, and dual luciferase assay confirmed that CCNG1 was the target of miRNA-122.

2.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 140-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998543

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) infection and drug resistance in the elderly with respiratory tract infection, so as to provide a basis for the control of nosocomial infection and rational use of antibiotics. Methods The samples from elderly inpatients with respiratory tract infection were collected between March 2020 and March 2022. PA infection/colonization were investigated, and the drug resistance of pathogens was determined according to CLSI criteria (2019 version). Results There were 123 strains of PA isolated from the sputum and bronchoscopy lavage fluid of elderly patients with respiratory tract infection. The main departments with positive PA detection were respiratory department, ICU ward and neurology department. The difference of PA detection in different years was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The proportion of nosocomial infection in 2021 was lower than that in 2020 (44.44% vs 63.33%, c2=4.410, P=0.036). The resistance rate of 123 isolated PA strains to piperacillin was >90.00%, and they were resistant to ceftazidime, cefotaxime, cefepime, aztreonam and gentamicin to varying degrees. There was no significant difference in resistance rate of PA to antibiotics in different years (P>0.05). In the 123 strains of pathogens, there were 17 strains (13.82%) of carbapenem-resistant PA, and their resistance to common antibiotics was significantly higher than that of carbapenem-sensitive PA (P<0.05). Conclusion The main pathogen of nosocomial infection is PA, and the proportion of nosocomial infection shows a downward trend. The detection rate of carbapenem-resistant PA is high. In clinical treatment, targeted antibiotics can be applied.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 82-88, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995480

ABSTRACT

Objective:To introduce a new surgical procedure for harvesting an iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex vessels—"retrograde anatomical method", and report the effect of preliminary application with this procedure.Methods:From June 2018 to May 2021, 15 patients who admitted in the Department of Hand and Microsurgery, Xiangya Hospital of Central South University received surgeries of iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex artery by "retrograde anatomical method". During the surgery, appropriate cutaneous perforators or muscular branches were found near the medial side of the iliac bone of iliac tubercle. The branches were dissected from surface inwards to the starting point of deep circumflex iliac blood vessel with microsurgery and micro Schlieren forceps. The iliac bone flap was chiselled out, inserted into femoral head, and then anastomosed with the transverse branches of deep circumflex iliac blood vessel and lateral circumflex femoral blood vessel. All patients were included in the postoperative follow-up at the outpatient clinic to evaluate the preliminary effect of this procedure. Harris scores before and after surgery were assessed with paired t test. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:The length of iliac bone flap was at 3.0-5.0(4.0±0.5) cm, and the length of vascular pedicle was at 4.0-7.0(5.3±1.0) cm. The time of iliac bone flap harvest was 35-55(45.0±6.1) minutes. During the operation, the success rate of harvesting iliac bone flap with deep iliac circumflex artery was 100%, and blood had oozed out of bone surface before the pedicle of all iliac bone flaps was cut-off. The volume of intraoperative autologous blood transfusion was 100-400(226.7±78.2) ml. One patient suffered from traction injury of lateral femoral cutaneous nerve in the operation. The numbness of anterolateral thigh area occurred on the 1st day after the surgery, and relieved 4 months later. Other 14 patients did not suffer from postoperative numbness in the area of anterolateral thigh. The amount of drainage from donor site for the iliac bone flap was 50-70 ml[(62.7±7.5) ml in average] after surgery. Incisions at the donor sites of iliac bone flap healed in stage I. Postoperative follow-up lasted between 3 months and 3 years. There was no incision hernia and other complication in the donor sites of the iliac bone flap. There was a significant difference in Harris scores between at 9, 12 and 18 months after surgery and that before the surgery, respectively( P<0.05). After 18 months, Harris score were at a better level. Conclusion:The "retrograde anatomical method" can quickly determine the nutrient vessels of an iliac bone flap with deep circumflex iliac vessels. The surgical procedure is relatively simple with safe and reliable anatomy. Donor site damage and postoperative complications are greatly minimised. This surgical technique can be considered to be applied clinically.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 665-669, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993489

ABSTRACT

Polyetheretherketone (PEEK) as a new type of thermoplastic engineering plastic, has good biological activity, elastic modulus close to human cortical bone and radiation permeability, and has been widely used in medical field. This study aims to explore the safety and clinical efficacy of using 3D printing personalized PEEK materials to repaire scapular bone defects after bone tumor resection. A total of 6 patients who underwent the implantation of 3D printed PEEK scapular prosthesis from January 2020 to December 2021 in Yunnan Cancer Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. There were 3 males and 3 females, with age ranged from 14 to 52 years. There were 1 case of synovial sarcoma, 1 of Ewing's sarcoma, and 4 of chondrosarcoma. PEEK prosthesis was designed and fabricated based on CT data before surgery. Tumor resection and prosthesis replacement were performed under the premise of ensuring safe surgical boundaries, including 2 cases of total scapular prosthesis replacement and 4 cases of partial scapular prosthesis replacement. The operation time was 90-170 min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 100-400 ml. All 6 patients received satisfactory follow-up, with a tumor progression free survival time of 16-28 months. No tumor recurrence or metastasis was observed, and all patients survived tumor free. At last follow-up, the Constant-Murley shoulder joint score was a minimum of 62 points and a maximum of 68 points. The Japanese Orthopaedic Association's shoulder joint score was 63 points minimum and 78 points maximum. Computer-aided design 3D printing PEEK material prosthesis has certain advantages in the treatment of scapular tumor limb salvage. It has light weight, well adapted, relatively simple installation, good histocompatibility, and can obtain a better appearance and function of the shoulder joint after operation. It can become one of the options for limb salvage treatment of scapular tumor.

5.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 188-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980996

ABSTRACT

Renal outer medullary potassium (ROMK) channel is an important K+ excretion channel in the body, and K+ secreted by the ROMK channels is most or all source of urinary potassium. Previous studies focused on the ROMK channels of thick ascending limb (TAL) and collecting duct (CD), while there were few studies on the involvement of ROMK channels of the late distal convoluted tubule (DCT2) in K+ excretion. The purpose of the present study was mainly to record the ROMK channels current in renal DCT2 and observe the effect of high potassium diet on the ROMK channels by using single channel and whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. The results showed that a small conductance channel current with a conductance of 39 pS could be recorded in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and it could be blocked by Tertiapin-Q (TPNQ), a ROMK channel inhibitor. The high potassium diet significantly increased the probability of ROMK channel current occurrence in the apical membrane of renal DCT2, and enhanced the activity of ROMK channel, compared to normal potassium diet (P < 0.01). Western blot results also demonstrated that the high potassium diet significantly up-regulated the protein expression levels of ROMK channels and epithelial sodium channel (ENaC), and down-regulated the protein expression level of Na+-Cl- cotransporter (NCC). Moreover, the high potassium diet significantly increased urinary potassium excretion. These results suggest that the high potassium diet may activate the ROMK channels in the apical membrane of renal DCT2 and increase the urinary potassium excretion by up-regulating the expression of renal ROMK channels.


Subject(s)
Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying/metabolism , Kidney Tubules, Distal/metabolism , Potassium/metabolism , Epithelial Sodium Channels/metabolism , Diet
6.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 191-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979615

ABSTRACT

@#The T-cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif domain (TIGIT) is an inhibitory receptor mainly expressed on active T-cells, or natural killer cells (NK cells) that activate negative stimulus signals in immune cells by combining with multiple ligands on the surface of target cells including tumor cells and infected cells. TIGIT plays an important regulatory role in the immune pathogenesis of tumors, viral infections and various autoimmune diseases by inhibiting the over activation of cells and the over secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Recent researches show that TIGIT is highly expressed in T cells and NK cells of cancer patients, and is related to disease progression and poor clinical prognosis. Researchers try to enhance the activity of T cells or NK cells by blocking the binding of TIGIT and its ligand for therapeutic intervention. At present, there have been many reports about the use of anti-TIGIT monoclonal antibody treatment in different mouse tumor models leading to tumor regression, TIGIT has received extensive attention in cancer immunotherapy as a promising target for next generation cancer immunotherapy. Several clinical trials are currently evaluating the efficacy of anti-TIGIT monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) in patients with several cancers. The most advanced candidate, tiragolumab, has exhibited remarkable efficacy in programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1)-positive non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) patients in phase Ⅱ clinical trials, in combination with PD-L1 blockade. However, the specific mechanism of TIGIT blockade remains to be fully elucidated.

7.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 11-15, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959037

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the status and trend for the mortality and DALY rates of child growth failure (CGF) in children aged < 5 years in China from 1990 to 2019, so as to provide a scientific basis for CGF prevention and control. Methods The mortality and DALY rates of CGF in children aged < 5 years from 1990 to 2019 were obtained from GBD 2019. The changes of these indicators with the years in China , the United States, Japan, Russia, India and the global were compared and analyzed. Results In 2019, the mortality of child wasting, child stunting and child underweight in children aged < 5 years in China were 9.62/100 000, 1.23/100 000, and 1.29/100 000 respectively, the mortality rates were 867.50/100 000 , 129.23/100 000 , and 112.87/100 000 rescpectively, higher than those of the United States, Japan, and Russia, and far lower than those of India and the global. The disease burden of three types of CGF were all higher in males than females, and higher in children aged < 1 years than children aged 1-4 years. From 1990 to 2019, the mortality and DALY rates of CGF in children aged < 5 years in China decreased from 300.41/100 000 and 26 445.38/100 000 to 10.49/100 000 and 943.57/100 000, respectively. China had the largest drop rate compared with all analyzed countries. As for children aged < 5 years in China, the DALY rate of lower respiratory infection ranked first in all the diseases caused by CGF. Conclusion From 1990 to 2019, the disease burden of CGF in children aged < 5 years has shown a significant decrease in China , but it is still far behind the developed countries. In the future, more attention should be paid to the problems of child growth in hope of reducing the mortality and DALY rates of CGF.

8.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1847-1865, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982830

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory diseases are key contributors to high mortality globally and adversely affect the quality of life. Current treatments include corticosteroids or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories that may cause systemic toxicity and biologics that may increase the risk of infection. Composite nanoparticles that bear not only the drug payload but also targeting ligands for delivery to inflammation sites at lowered systemic toxicity are established in the nanomedicine field, but their relatively large size often leads to systemic clearance. Metal-based nanoparticles with intrinsic anti-inflammatory properties represent attractive alternatives. They are not only designed to be compact for crossing biological barriers (with the nanoparticle serving as a dual carrier and drug), but also support label-free tracking of their interactions with cells. The review commences with an outline of the common inflammatory diseases, inflammatory pathways involved, and conventional drug-loaded nanoparticles for anti-inflammation. Next, the review features the emerging applications of self-therapeutic metal-based nanoparticles (e.g., gold, coper oxide, platinum, ceria, and zinc oxide) for managing inflammatory diseases in animals over the past three years, focusing on therapeutic outcomes and anti-inflammatory mechanisms. The review concludes with an outlook on the biodistribution, long-term toxicity, and clinical translation of self-therapeutic metal-based nanoparticles.

9.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 385-396, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982693

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study investigated trends in the study of phytochemical treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).@*METHODS@#The Web of Science database (2007-2022) was searched using the search terms "phytochemicals" and "PTSD," and relevant literature was compiled. Network clustering co-occurrence analysis and qualitative narrative review were conducted.@*RESULTS@#Three hundred and one articles were included in the analysis of published research, which has surged since 2015 with nearly half of all relevant articles coming from North America. The category is dominated by neuroscience and neurology, with two journals, Addictive Behaviors and Drug and Alcohol Dependence, publishing the greatest number of papers on these topics. Most studies focused on psychedelic intervention for PTSD. Three timelines show an "ebb and flow" phenomenon between "substance use/marijuana abuse" and "psychedelic medicine/medicinal cannabis." Other phytochemicals account for a small proportion of the research and focus on topics like neurosteroid turnover, serotonin levels, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor expression.@*CONCLUSION@#Research on phytochemicals and PTSD is unevenly distributed across countries/regions, disciplines, and journals. Since 2015, the research paradigm shifted to constitute the mainstream of psychedelic research thus far, leading to the exploration of botanical active ingredients and molecular mechanisms. Other studies focus on anti-oxidative stress and anti-inflammation. Please cite this article as: Gao B, Qu YC, Cai MY, Zhang YY, Lu HT, Li HX, Tang YX, Shen H. Phytochemical interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder: A cluster co-occurrence network analysis using CiteSpace. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(4):385-396.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic/drug therapy , Hallucinogens/therapeutic use , Substance-Related Disorders/drug therapy
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 376-380, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether the acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 specific activator, Alda-1, can alleviate brain injury after cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) by inhibiting cell ferroptosis mediated by acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4/glutathione peroxidase 4 (ACSL4/GPx4) pathway in swine.@*METHODS@#Twenty-two conventional healthy male white swine were divided into Sham group (n = 6), CPR model group (n = 8), and Alda-1 intervention group (CPR+Alda-1 group, n = 8) using a random number table. The swine model of CPR was reproduced by 8 minutes of cardiac arrest induced by ventricular fibrillation through electrical stimulation in the right ventricle followed by 8 minutes of CPR. The Sham group only experienced general preparation. A dose of 0.88 mg/kg of Alda-1 was intravenously injected at 5 minutes after resuscitation in the CPR+Alda-1 group. The same volume of saline was infused in the Sham and CPR model groups. Blood samples were collected from the femoral vein before modeling and 1, 2, 4, 24 hours after resuscitation, and the serum levels of neuron specific enolase (NSE) and S100 β protein were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). At 24 hours after resuscitation, the status of neurologic function was evaluated by neurological deficit score (NDS). Thereafter, the animals were sacrificed, and brain cortex was harvested to measure iron deposition by Prussian blue staining, malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) contents by colorimetry, and ACSL4 and GPx4 protein expressions by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the Sham group, the serum levels of NSE and S100β after resuscitation were gradually increased over time, and the NDS score was significantly increased, brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly increased, GSH content and GPx4 protein expression in brain cortical were significantly decreased, and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly increased at 24 hours after resuscitation in the CPR model and CPR+Alda-1 groups, which indicated that cell ferroptosis occurred in the brain cortex, and the ACSL4/GPx4 pathway participated in this process of cell ferroptosis. Compared with the CPR model group, the serum levels of NSE and S100 β starting 2 hours after resuscitation were significantly decreased in the CPR+Alda-1 group [NSE (μg/L): 24.1±2.4 vs. 28.2±2.1, S100 β (ng/L): 2 279±169 vs. 2 620±241, both P < 0.05]; at 24 hours after resuscitation, the NDS score and brain cortical iron deposition and MDA content were significantly decreased [NDS score: 120±44 vs. 207±68, iron deposition: (2.61±0.36)% vs. (6.31±1.66)%, MDA (μmol/g): 2.93±0.30 vs. 3.68±0.29, all P < 0.05], brain cortical GSH content and GPx4 expression in brain cortical was significantly increased [GSH (mg/g): 4.59±0.63 vs. 3.51±0.56, GPx4 protein (GPx4/GAPDH): 0.54±0.14 vs. 0.21±0.08, both P < 0.05], and ACSL4 protein expression was significantly decreased (ACSL4/GAPDH: 0.46±0.08 vs. 0.85±0.13, P < 0.05), which indicated that Alda-1 might alleviate brain cortical cell ferroptosis through regulating ACSL4/GPx4 pathway.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Alda-1 can reduce brain injury after CPR in swine, which may be related to the inhibition of ACSL4/GPx4 pathway mediated ferroptosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Animals , Swine , Phospholipid Hydroperoxide Glutathione Peroxidase , Ferroptosis , Brain Injuries , Glutathione , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Ligases , Iron
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2767-2780, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981380

ABSTRACT

The chemical compositions of Rodgersia aesculifolia were isolated and purified using a combination of silica gel, reverse phase silica gel, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, and semi-preparative HPLC. The structures were determined according to the physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data. The MTT method and the ABTS kit were used to measure the cytotoxicity and antioxidant capacity of all isolates, respectively. Thirty-four compounds were isolated from R. aesculifolia and elucidated as stigmastane-6β-methoxy-3β,5α-diol(1), stigmastane-3β,5α,6β triol(2), β-sitosterol(3), β-daucosterol(4), stigmast-4-en-3-one(5), bergenin(6), 11-β-D-glucopyranosyl-bergenin(7), 11-O-galloybergenin(8), 1,4,6-tri-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose(9), gallic acid(10), 3,4-dihydroxybenzoic acid methyl ester(11), ethyl gallate(12), ethyl 3,4-dihydroxybenzoate(13), caffeic acid ethyl ester(14), p-hydroxybenzeneacetic acid(15), 4-hydroxybenzoic acid(16), 2,3-dihydroxy-1-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-propan-1-one(17), 3,7-dimethyl-2-octene-1,7-diol(18), crocusatin-B(19), neroplomacrol(20), geniposide(21), 3-hydroxyurs-12-en-27-oic acid(22), 3β-trans-p-coumaroyloxy-olean-12-en-27-oic acid(23), aceriphyllic acid G(24), isolariciresinol(25), trans-rodgersinine B(26), cis-rodgersinine A(27), neo-olivil(28),(7S,8R)-dihydro-3'-hydroxy-8-hydroxy-methyl-7-(4-hydroxy-3-methoxy phenyl)-1'-benzofuranpropanol(29), 5,3',4'-trihydroxy-7-methoxyflavanone(30), quercetin 3-rutinoside(31), catechin-[8,7-e]-4β-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenyl)-dihydro-2(3H)-pyranone(32), ethyl α-L-arabino-furanoside(33), and l-linoleoylglycerol(34). One new compound was discovered(compound 1), 25 compounds were first isolated from R. aesculifolia, and 22 compounds were first isolated from the Rodgersia plant. The results indicated that compounds 22-24 possessed cytotoxicity for HepG2, MCF-7, HCT-116, BGC-823, and RAFLS cell lines(IC_(50) ranged from 5.89 μmol·L~(-1) to 20.5 μmol·L~(-1)). Compounds 8-14 and 30-32 showed good antioxidant capacity, and compound 9 showed the strongest antioxidant activity with IC_(50) of(2.00±0.12) μmol·L~(-1).


Subject(s)
Antioxidants/analysis , Silica Gel/analysis , Plant Roots/chemistry
12.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 905-912, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941020

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Chaihu Guizhi Decoction (CHGZD) combined with capecitabine on growth and apoptosis of subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts in nude mice and explore the possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#Nude mouse models bearing subcutaneous triple-negative breast cancer xenografts were randomized into 6 groups (n=10) for treatment with distilled water (model group), low (10.62 g/kg), medium (21.23 g/kg) and high (42.46 g/kg) doses of CHGZD, capecitabine (0.2 mg/kg), or the combination of CHGZD (42.46 g/kg) and capecitabine (0.2 mg/k) once daily for 21 consecutive days. The general condition of mice was observed, and after 21-day treatments, the tumors were dissected for measurement of tumor volume and weight and histopathological examination with HE staining. Serum IL-6 levels of the mice were determined with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the expression levels of IL-6, STAT3, p-STAT3, Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 in the tumor tissues were detected using real-time PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in the model group, the tumor-bearing mice receiving treatments with CHGZD showed significantly increased food intake with good general condition, sensitive responses, increased body weight, and lower tumor mass (P < 0.01). Compared with capecitabine treatment alone, treatment with CHGZD alone at the medium and high doses and the combined treatment all resulted in significantly higher tumor inhibition rates (P < 0.01), induced obvious tumor tissue degeneration and reduced the tumor cell density. Treatments with CHGZD, both alone and in combination with capecitabine, significantly decreased serum IL-6 level, lowered the mRNA expression levels of IL-6 and STAT3, the protein expressions of IL-6, STAT3 and P-STAT3 (P < 0.05), and the mRNA and protein expressions of Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 (P < 0.05), and increased the mRNA and protein expressions of Bax in the tumor tissues (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#CHGZD combined with capecitabine can significantly inhibit tumor growth in nude mice bearing triple-negative breast cancer xenografts, the mechanism of which may involve the inhibition of IL-6/STAT3 signaling pathway and regulation of Bax, Bcl-2 and cyclin D1 expressions to suppress tumor cell proliferation and differentiation and induce cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Capecitabine/pharmacology , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Heterografts , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Mice, Nude , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 176-181, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928584

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To study the changes in the distribution and drug resistance profiles of pathogens causing bloodstream infection after chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia.@*METHODS@#The medical data were collected from the children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University between January 2015 and December 2020 and developed bloodstream infection after chemotherapy. The samples were divided into the first three years group and the next three years group according to the time of testing to investigate the differences in the distribution and drug resistance profiles of pathogens as time.@*RESULTS@#A total of 235 strains of pathogens were isolated, among which there were 159 Gram-negative strains (67.7%; mainly Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae), 61 Gram-positive strains (26.0%; mainly Staphylococcus epidermidis), and 15 strains of fungi (6.4%; mainly Candida albicans). There were no significant differences between the first three years group and the next three years group in the detection rate of Gram-negative bacteria (68.8% vs 66.9%, P>0.05) or Gram-positive bacteria (29.2% vs 23.7%, P>0.05). Compared with the first three years group, the next three years group had significant increases in the detection rate of Streptococcus mitis (5.8% vs 0.0%, P<0.05) and fungi (9.4% vs 2.1%, P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the drug resistance rate of Gram-negative or Gram-positive bacteria between the two groups (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Enterobacteriaceae bacteria are the main pathogens of bloodstream infection after chemotherapy in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, while the detection rates of Streptococcus mitis and fungi tend to increase as time, which needs to be taken seriously in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/drug therapy
14.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 122-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934451

ABSTRACT

Objective:By summarizing and analyzing the data of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) for distinguished young scholars in the department of health science, this paper provides support and reference for the organization and management of talent projects in related institutions to better serve the growth of young talents in medical field.Methods:Based on the data of distinguished young scholars projects approved from 2011 to 2020, this paper explored the characteristics of the projects in the department of health science. Information about the research field, institution distribution, age and gender of the principle investigator, and the situation of hosted projects were analyzed, main challenges were summarized to propose possible measurements for improvement.Results:The overall funding rate of distinguished young scholars projects in the department of health science is relatively low and more competitive. The growth of medical talents takes longer, more support and further attention is needed.Conclusions:The organization of the distinguished young scholars project in health science needs to respect the characteristics and development nature of medicine, at the same time, strengthen multi-dimensional configuration and management, and create a soft environment conducive to the growth of outstanding medical talents.

15.
Chinese Journal of Medical Science Research Management ; (4): 2-5, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934428

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the intellectual property risk of international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, explore possible risk control measures regarding to intellectual property.Methods:By means of literature review, this paper analyzes the special attributes and strategic position of human genetic resources, reviews the policies and systems involving human genetic resources in international cooperative scientific research, identifies the intellectual property risk points, and puts forward suggestions on risk management and control from the perspective of intellectual property protection.Results:The management of human genetic resources in China is evolving quickly. However, there is still a lack of practical guidelines on intellectual property protection and development, more substantial engagement and contribution of Chinese investigators in the international collaborative research should be promoted, and the perception and awareness of the significance of human genetic resources should be enhanced.Conclusions:In the international cooperative scientific research involving human genetic resources, we should clarify the operating rules at the level of intellectual property protection, improve the substantive participation of Chinese investigators, enhance the strategic awareness and risk awareness of human genetic resources, and provide support at the level of executive management institutions.

16.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 354-357, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933347

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of Alda-1 on ferroptosis in cardiomyocytes after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in swine.Methods:Twenty-two healthy male white swine, weighing 35-43 kg, were divided into 3 groups using a random number table method: sham operation group (group S, n=6), cardiac arrest-cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (group CA-CPR, n=8) and Alda-1 group ( n=8). The animals only underwent the general preparation in group S, and the swine model of cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation was developed by 8 min of electrically induced cardiac arrest through the pacing catheter in the right ventricle followed by 8 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in CA-CPR and Alda-1 groups.Alda-1 0.88 mg/kg was intravenously injected at 5 min after resuscitation in group Alda-1, and the equal volume of vehicle was administered instead in the other two groups.Stroke volume (SV) and global ejection fraction (GEF) were measured using PiCCO before developing the model and at 1, 2 and 4 h after resuscitation (T 0-3). Venous blood samples were collected from the femoral vein to measure the concentrations of serum cardiac troponin (cTnI) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at T 0-3, and at 24 h after resuscitation (T 4). The animals were then sacrificed, and myocardial tissues in the left ventricle were harvested to measure the expression of acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain family member 4 (ACSL4) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) (by Western blot), iron deposition (by Prussian blue staining), 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (4-HNE) content (by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay), and malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) contents (by colorimetry). Results:Compared with group S, SV and GEF were significantly decreased at T 1-3, the serum concentrations of cTnI were increased at T 1-4, myocardial ACSL4 expression was up-regulated, GPX4 expression was down-regulated, iron deposition and contents of 4-HNE and MDA were increased, and the content of GSH was decreased in CA-CPR and Alda-1 groups ( P<0.05). Compared with group CA-CPR, SV and GEF were significantly increased at T 2-3, the serum concentrations of cTnI were decreased at T 3-4, myocardial ACSL4 expression was down-regulated, GPX4 expression was up-regulated, iron deposition and contents of 4-HNE and MDA were decreased, and the content of GSH was increased in group Alda-1 ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Alda-1 can alleviate myocardial injury after cardiac arrest and cardiopulmonary resuscitation in swine and further improve cardiac dysfunction, and the mechanism may be related to inhibition of cell ferroptosis.

17.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 257-261, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish an index system for evaluating the employment quality of medical students in universities.Methods:Literature review and expert consultation methods were used to formulate preliminary evaluation indicators. Nine experts were selected to conduct three rounds of correspondence through Delphi method, and the indicators and the weights of the first, second and third levels were determined. Excel 2016 and SPSS 22.0 were used to make data entry and analysis.Results:The effective recovery rate of the questionnaire was 100.0%, the average expert authority coefficient was 0.749(>0.700), and the expert coordination coefficients were 0.228 and 0.212 ( P<0.001). Finally, an evaluation index system for the employment quality of medical students in universities was constructed, which was composed of 5 first-level indicators, 31 second-level indicators and 66 third-level indicators. Among them, the weights of the first-level indicators were 0.283, 0.250, 0.200, 0.108 and 0.158, respectively. Conclusion:The employment quality evaluation index system for medical students constructed in this study is systematic, comprehensive and multi-dimensional, which can provide a reference for the evaluation on medical graduate employment quality, and its scientificity and practicability need to be further explored in empirical research.

18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 137-146, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928791

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The literature recommends that reduced dosage of CPT-11 should be applied in patients with UGT1A1 homozygous mutations, but the impact of UGT1A1 heterozygous mutations on the adverse reactions of CPT-11 is still not fully clear.@*METHODS@#A total of 107 patients with UGT1A1 heterozygous mutation or wild-type, who were treated with CPT-11 from January 2018 to September 2021 in Peking University Third Hospital, were retrospectively enrolled. The adverse reaction spectra of patients with UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 mutations were analyzed. Adverse reactions were evaluated according to National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (NCI-CTCAE) 5.0. The efficacy was evaluated according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1. The genotypes of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 were detected by digital fluorescence molecular hybridization.@*RESULTS@#There were 43 patients with UGT1A1*6 heterozygous mutation, 26 patients with UGT1A1*28 heterozygous mutation, 8 patients with UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 double heterozygous mutations, 61 patients with heterozygous mutation at any gene locus of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28. Logistic regression analysis showed that the presence or absence of vomiting (P=0.013) and mucositis (P=0.005) was significantly correlated with heterozygous mutation of UGT1A1*28, and the severity of vomiting (P<0.001) and neutropenia (P=0.021) were significantly correlated with heterozygous mutation of UGT1A1*6. In colorectal cancer, UGT1A1*6 was significantly correlated to diarrhea (P=0.005), and the other adverse reactions spectrum was similar to that of the whole patient cohort, and efficacy and prognosis were similar between patients with different genotypes and patients treated with reduced CPT-11 dosage or not.@*CONCLUSIONS@#In clinical use, heterozygous mutations of UGT1A1*6 and UGT1A1*28 are related to the risk and severity of vomiting, diarrhea, neutropenia and mucositis in patients with Pan-tumor and colorectal cancer post CPT-11 therpy. In colorectal cancer, UGT1A1*6 is significantly related to diarrhea post CPT-11 use, efficacy and prognosis is not affected by various genotypes or CPT-11 dosage reduction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Camptothecin/therapeutic use , Glucuronosyltransferase/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mutation , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 861-864, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939701

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism of one patient with abnormal serological phenotype in RhD and discuss the transfusion strategy.@*METHODS@#The RhD variant sample was screened from a patient with IgM type anti-D antibody and further determined by three different sources of anti-D antibodies. Ten exons and the adjacent introns of the RHD gene were amplified, purified and sequenced. RhCE phenotypes and RHCE genotypes were detected.@*RESULTS@#The patient with Rh variant showed abnormal results of serological tests. The RHD gene sequence analysis showed that the RHD*01W.01 with a variation (c.809T>G, p.Val270Gly) in exon 6 of the RHD gene was found in the patient. The RhCE phenotype was CcEe. The genotyping results of RHCE were consistent with the serological typing results.@*CONCLUSION@#The Rh variant of the patient is RHD*01W.01, these findings indicate that RhD variants should be analyzed by molecular assays for the sake of safe transfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , Blood Transfusion , Exons , Genotype , Phenotype , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System/genetics
20.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 438-442, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936335

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the inhibitory effect of agkistrodon halys venom antitumor component-I (AHVAC-I) on vasculogenic mimicry (VM) formation in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK8 assay was used to determine the optimal concentration of AHVAC-I for cell treatment based on its halfinhibitory concentration (IC50). MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with different concentrations of AHVAC-I or 5-Fu, and the changes in vasomimetic capacity of the cells were examined using Matrigel assay. The expression levels of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2) and MMP9 in the treated cells were detected using quantitative PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control treatment with culture medium, treatment with 5, 10 and 20 μg/mL AHVAC-I significantly reduced vasomimetic ability of MDA-MB-231 cells in a dose-dependent manner (P < 0.01). MMP2 supplementation obviously restored the vasomimetic ability of the cells inhibited by AHVAC-I.@*CONCLUSION@#AHVAC-I inhibits VM formation in triplenegative breast cancer cells in vitro by down-regulating MMP2 production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Agkistrodon/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Healthy Life Expectancy , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Neovascularization, Pathologic/metabolism , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms/metabolism , Venoms
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