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1.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 351-357, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986894

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacies between open surgery and axillary non-inflatable endoscopic surgery in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on 343 patients with unilateral PTC treated by traditional open surgery (201 cases) and transaxillary non-inflating endoscopic surgery (142 cases) from May 2019 to December 2021 in the Head and Neck Surgery of Sichuan Cancer Hospital. Among them, 97 were males and 246 were females, aged 20-69 years. 1∶1 propensity score matching (PSM) was performed on the enrolled patients, and the basic characteristics, perioperative clinical outcomes, postoperative complications, postoperative quality of life (Thyroid Cancer-Specific Quality of Life), aesthetic satisfaction and other aspects of the two groups were compared after successful matching. SPSS 26.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: A total of 190 patients were enrolled after PSM, with 95 cases in open group and 95 cases in endoscopic group. Intraoperative blood losses for endoscopic and open groups were [20 (20) ml vs. 20 (10) ml, M (IQR), Z=-2.22], postoperative drainage volumes [170 (70)ml vs. 101 (55)ml, Z=-7.91], operative time [135 (35)min vs. 95 (35)min, Z=-7.34], hospitalization cost [(28 188.7±2 765.1)yuan vs. (25 643.5±2 610.7)yuan, x¯±s, t=0.73], postoperative hospitalization time [(3.1±0.9)days vs. (2.6±0.9)days, t=-3.24], and drainage tube placement time [(2.5±0.8) days vs. (2.0±1.0)days, t=-4.16], with statistically significant differrences (all P<0.05). There was no significant difference in surgical complications (P>0.05). There were significant diffferences between two groups in the postoperative quality of life scores in neuromuscular, psychological, scar and cold sensation (all P<0.05), while there were no statistically significant differences in other quality of life scores (all P>0.05). In terms of aesthetic satisfaction 6 months after surgery, the endoscopic group was better than the open group, with statistically significant difference (χ2=41.47, P<0.05). Conclusion: Endoscopic thyroidectomy by a gasless unilateral axillary approach is a safe and reliable surgical method, which has remarkable cosmetic effect and can improve the postoperative quality of life of patients compared with the traditional thyroidectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Endoscopy , Thyroidectomy/methods
2.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 1150-1157, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942592

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the recovery and quality of life of patients with oral and oropharyngeal tumors treated with three kinds of free soft tissue flaps. Methods: The clinical data of 103 patients, including 66 males and 37 females, aged 26-74 years, who underwent primary repair of defects after resection of oral and oropharyngeal tumors in Sichuan Tumor Hospital from July 2014 to August 2020 were analyzed. Anterolateral thigh flap (ALTF) was used in 43 patients, radial forearm free flap (RFFF) in 45 patients, and lateral arm free flap (LAFF) in 15 patients. Postoperative qualities of life of patients were evaluated by the university of Washington quality of life questionnaire and oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese edition). SPSS 23.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The T staging of RFFF or LAFF group was significantly lower than that of ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in mean flap areas between ALTF group ((55.87±27.38) cm2) and LAFF group ((49.93±19.44) cm2), while RFFF group had smaller mean flap area ((33.18±6.05) cm2) than ALTF group (t=5.311, P<0.001) and LAFF group (t=3.284, P=0.005). In terms of oral functions including swallowing, mastication, taste and spitmouth, there were no significant differences between LAFF group and RFFF group (P>0.05), but both groups had better oral functions than ALTF group (P<0.05). There was no significant difference in appearance scores between LAFF group (75(75, 75)) and ALTF group (75(75,75) vs.75(75,75),Z=-1.532, P=0.126), and both groups had higher scores than RFFF group (50(50, 75),Z values were -3.447 and -3.005 respectively, P<0.05). RFFF group had higher speech score (100(67, 100)) than LAFF group (67(50, 76),Z=-2.480, P<0.05) and ALTF group (67(33, 67),Z=-5.414, P<0.05). ALTF group had lower mean score of quality of life than RFFF group [72(56,77) vs.79(69, 89),Z=-3.070, P<0.05), but there was no statistical difference in the mean scores of qualities of life between ALTF group and LAFF group (Z=1.754, P=0.079). According to the evaluation of oral health impact scale (HIP-14 Chinese version) 1 year after surgery, individual item scores and the average score of all items in ALTF group were lower than those in RFFF and LAFF groups (P<0.05), with no significant difference between RFFF group and LAFF group (P>0.05). Conclusions: RFFF has unique advantages for small tissue defects, while ALTF is suitable for large tissue defects, such as buccal penetrating defect, whole tongue and near whole tongue defect, and LAFF is a compromise choice between ALTF and RFFF. ALTF is inferior to RFFF and LAFF in oral functional reconstruction, including swallowing, chewing, taste and spittle. ALTF and LAFF are superior to RFFF in postoperative appearance.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Forearm/surgery , Free Tissue Flaps , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Quality of Life , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Thigh/surgery
3.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 142-147, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773073

ABSTRACT

To analyze the clinical profile and therapeutic effect of re-operation treatment in uremic patients complicated with persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism(SHPT)after parathyroidectomy with autotransplantation.Twelve persistent SHPT patients who were treated with reoperation of paramyroidectomy(PTX)were enrolled in this study during the period from Jan 2014 to Jul 2017 in our hospital.We evaluated the location of the remaining parathyroid glands by ultrasonography,dual-phase 99 Tcm-sestamibi scintigraphy,CT and MR imaging of the neck before the operation.We resected the parathyroid gland tissue in situ,and the ectopic parathyroid glands hiding in thymus,mediastinal,tracheal esophageal groove,thyroid gland and other locations in the neck.During the surgery,nanocarbon imaging was used to help identify the parathyroid gland and parathyroid hormone assay(IOPTH)was measured at the end of the surgery.We observed the changes of clinical symptoms after the surgery and collected blood parameters including serum intact aramyroidhomone(i-PTH),calcium(Ca),phosphoms(P),calcium and phosphorus product before and after surgery.Complications and failure were also analyzed.All the 12 patients underwented successful operation.The postoperative pathological results were hyperplastic parathyroid glands tissue.22 parathyroid glands were resected,among which 14 were located at the neck in situ,8 were ectopic,i.e.,located at thymus in 4 cases,superior mediastinum in 2 cases and thyroid parenchyma in 2 cases.The clinical symptoms were significantly improved including osteoarthritis,skin itching and limb weakness.The levels of serum iPTH,calcium,phosphorus and calcium and phosphorus product were significantly lower than those before operation(<0.05).Ten patients presented hypocalcemia after surgery and the level of calcium returned to normal after supplement of calcium.Temporary injury of laryngeal nerve was found in4 cases,but there was no patient with transient bucking,dyspnea or death.No recurrence was found during 1 year follow-up.It was very important to locate the residual parathyroid gland accurately with a variety of imaging methods in uremic patients complicated with persistent or recurrent SHPT when they needed re-operation.Surgeons should explorate ectopic parathyroid gland according to the concept of the superior mediastinum dissection and the central compartment neck dissection.Meanwhile,the use of nanocarbon assisted parathyroid gland negative imaging and rapid IOPTH can significantly improve the success rate of surgery and reduce surgical complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary , General Surgery , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Hormone , Parathyroidectomy , Reoperation , Transplantation, Autologous , Uremia
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