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1.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 126-131, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970991

ABSTRACT

This study explored a new model of Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PIRADS) and adjusted prostate-specific antigen density of peripheral zone (aPSADPZ) for predicting the occurrence of prostate cancer (PCa) and clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). The demographic and clinical characteristics of 853 patients were recorded. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA), PSA density (PSAD), PSAD of peripheral zone (PSADPZ), aPSADPZ, and peripheral zone volume ratio (PZ-ratio) were calculated and subjected to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. The calibration and discrimination abilities of new nomograms were verified with the calibration curve and area under the ROC curve (AUC). The clinical benefits of these models were evaluated by decision curve analysis and clinical impact curves. The AUCs of PSA, PSAD, PSADPZ, aPSADPZ, and PZ-ratio were 0.669, 0.762, 0.659, 0.812, and 0.748 for PCa diagnosis, while 0.713, 0.788, 0.694, 0.828, and 0.735 for csPCa diagnosis, respectively. All nomograms displayed higher net benefit and better overall calibration than the scenarios for predicting the occurrence of PCa or csPCa. The new model significantly improved the diagnostic accuracy of PCa (0.945 vs 0.830, P < 0.01) and csPCa (0.937 vs 0.845, P < 0.01) compared with the base model. In addition, the number of patients with PCa and csPCa predicted by the new model was in good agreement with the actual number of patients with PCa and csPCa in high-risk threshold. This study demonstrates that aPSADPZ has a higher predictive accuracy for PCa diagnosis than the conventional indicators. Combining aPSADPZ with PIRADS can improve PCa diagnosis and avoid unnecessary biopsies.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prostate/pathology , Prostate-Specific Antigen/analysis , Prostatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies
2.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
3.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 396-399, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888439

ABSTRACT

Optimal vision and ergonomics are essential factors contributing to the achievement of good results during microsurgery. The three-dimensional (3D) digital image microscope system with a better 3D depth of field can release strain on the surgeon's neck and back, which can improve outcomes in microsurgery. We report a randomized prospective study of vasoepididymostomy and vasovasostomy using a 3D digital image microscope system (3D-DIM) in rats. A total of 16 adult male rats were randomly divided into two groups of 8 each: the standard operating microscope (SOM) group and the 3D-DIM group. The outcomes measured included the operative time, real-time postoperative mechanical patency, and anastomosis leakage. Furthermore, a user-friendly microscope score was designed to evaluate the ergonomic design and equipment characteristics of the microscope. There were no differences in operative time between the two groups. The real-time postoperative mechanical patency rates were 100.0% for both groups. The percentage of vasoepididymostomy anastomosis leakage was 16.7% in the SOM group and 25.0% in the 3D-DIM group; however, no vasovasostomy anastomosis leakage was found in either group. In terms of the ergonomic design, the 3D-DIM group obtained better scores based on the surgeon's feelings; in terms of the equipment characteristics, the 3D-DIM group had lower scores for clarity and higher scores for flexibility and adaptivity. Based on our randomized prospective study in a rat model, we believe that the 3D-DIM can improve surgeon comfort without compromising outcomes in male infertility reconstructive microsurgery, so the 3D-DIM might be widely used in the future.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 6-12, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872783

ABSTRACT

Objective::To observe the effect of Shenling Baizhusan(SBS)on the mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1)/signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) pathway in liver hepatocyte of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(NAFLD)rats induced by high fat diet, in order to reveal the mechanism of SBS against rat NAFLD from the perspective of inflammation. Method::Totally 80 SD rats were randomly divided into 4 groups, normal control group, model group, high-dose SBP group(30 g·kg-1), and low-dose SBS group(10 g·kg-1), with 20 rats in each group. The rats of NAFLD model were established by being fed with high-fat diets for 8 weeks, and the treatment groups were fed with high or low dose of SBS respectively. After treatment for 8 weeks, blood and liver samples of rats were collected. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride(TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C)and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol(LDL-C)levels in blood serum were detected with automatic biochemical analyzer. The liver tissues were observed by oil red O and hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Hepatocytes were isolated by type Ⅳ collagenase perfusion in vitro. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-5 and IL-6 in hepatocytes were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and the relevant gene and proteins expressions of mTORC1 and STAT3 in hepatocytes were detected by Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) and Western blot detection respectively. Result::Compared with the normal control group, the serum levels of TG, TC, AST, ALT and LDL-C were increased significantly, the levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-5 and IL-6 in hepatocytes were increased significantly, and the expression levels of mTORC1, STAT3 mRNA and proteins in hepatocytes were increased significantly(P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the hepatic lipid accumulation of the medicine intervention group was relieved significantly, the serum levels of AST, ALT, TG and LDL-C were decreased significantly, the expression levels of TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-5 and IL-6 of hepatocytes were decreased significantly, and the expressions of mTORC1, STAT3 mRNA and proteins in hepatocytes were decreased significantly(P<0.05, P<0.01). In the high-dose SBS group, the effects in improving the lipid accumulation and inhibiting the inflammatory reaction were better than those of the low-dose SBS group, and the expressions of mTORC1 and STAT3 genes and proteins in hepatocytes were significantly decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01). Conclusion::SBS can improve the fat metabolism disorder and reduce liver lipid accumulation and inflammatory reaction in NAFLD rats induced by high-fat diet. The mechanism may be correlated with the inhibition of mTORC1/STAT3 pathway relating to genes and protein expression in hepatocytes.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2684-2689, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774876

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Due to the different treatments for low-volume metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high-volume ones, evaluation of bone metastatic status is clinically significant. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen and the burden of bone metastasis in newly diagnosed PCa patients.@*METHODS@#A single-center retrospective analysis, focusing on prostate biopsies of newly diagnosed PCa patients, was performed. A total of 261 patients were enrolled in this study in a 4-year period. All subjects were submitted to single-photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography to confirm the status of bone metastasis and, if present, the number of metastatic lesions would then be calculated. Clinical information such as age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), fibrinogen, clinical T stage, and Gleason score were collected. Patients were divided into three groups: (i) a non-metastatic group, (ii) a high volume disease (HVD) group (>3 metastases with at least one lesion outside the spine), and (iii) a low volume disease (LVD) group (metastatic patients excluding HVD ones). The main statistical methods included non-parametric Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression.@*RESULTS@#Fibrinogen positively correlated with Gleason score (r = 0.180, P = 0.003), PSA levels (r = 0.216, P 7 (86.8%). Both univariate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.16, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.536-3.038, P < 0.001) and multivariate (OR = 1.726, 95% CI: 1.206-2.472, P = 0.003) logistic regressions showed that fibrinogen was independently associated with HVD. The ROC curve suggested that fibrinogen acts as a predictor of HVD patients, yielding a cut-off of 3.08 g/L, with a sensitivity of 0.684 and a specificity of 0.760 (area under the curve = 0.739, 95% CI: 0.644-0.833, P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen is positively associated with bone metastatic burden in PCa patients. Our results indicate that fibrinogen might be a potential predictor of HVD.

6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 291-295, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-842562

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer (PCa) is a major health risk for older men worldwide. Existing systemic therapies mostly target androgen receptor (AR). Although treatments are initially effective, the disease always recurs. A potential mechanism for the treatment failure is that PCa contains, in addition to the AR-positive luminal type tumor cells, a small component of neuroendocrine (NE) cells. The function of NE cells in PCa remains poorly understood, and one important characteristic of these cells is their lack of expression of AR and resistance to hormonal therapy. In addition, many patients develop the more aggressive small-cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCNC) after hormonal therapy. Although this clinical phenomenon of disease transformation from adenocarcinoma to SCNC is well established, the cell of origin for SCNC remains unclear. Recently, loss of function of Rb and TP53 and amplification and overexpression of MYCN and Aurora A kinase have been identified as important biomarkers and potential disease drivers. In this article, we systematically review the histology of normal prostate and prostate cancer including the main histologic types: adenocarcinoma and SCNC. We also review the findings from many studies using cellular and animal models as well as human specimens that attempt to understand the molecular mechanisms of treatment failure, disease progression, and tumor transformation from adenocarcinoma to SCNC.

7.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2684-2689, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-803226

ABSTRACT

Background@#Due to the different treatments for low-volume metastatic prostate cancer (PCa) as well as high-volume ones, evaluation of bone metastatic status is clinically significant. In this study, we evaluated the correlation between pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen and the burden of bone metastasis in newly diagnosed PCa patients.@*Methods@#A single-center retrospective analysis, focusing on prostate biopsies of newly diagnosed PCa patients, was performed. A total of 261 patients were enrolled in this study in a 4-year period. All subjects were submitted to single-photon emission computerized tomography-computed tomography to confirm the status of bone metastasis and, if present, the number of metastatic lesions would then be calculated. Clinical information such as age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA), fibrinogen, clinical T stage, and Gleason score were collected. Patients were divided into three groups: (i) a non-metastatic group, (ii) a high volume disease (HVD) group (>3 metastases with at least one lesion outside the spine), and (iii) a low volume disease (LVD) group (metastatic patients excluding HVD ones). The main statistical methods included non-parametric Mann-Whitney test, Spearman correlation, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, and logistic regression.@*Results@#Fibrinogen positively correlated with Gleason score (r = 0.180, P = 0.003), PSA levels (r = 0.216, P < 0.001), and number of metastatic lesions (r = 0.296, P < 0.001). Compared with the non-metastatic and LVD groups, the HVD group showed the highest PSA (104.98 ng/mL, median) and fibrinogen levels (3.39 g/L, median), as well as the largest proportion of Gleason score >7 (86.8%). Both univariate (odds ratio [OR] = 2.16, 95% confidential interval [CI]: 1.536-3.038, P < 0.001) and multivariate (OR = 1.726, 95% CI: 1.206-2.472, P = 0.003) logistic regressions showed that fibrinogen was independently associated with HVD. The ROC curve suggested that fibrinogen acts as a predictor of HVD patients, yielding a cut-off of 3.08 g/L, with a sensitivity of 0.684 and a specificity of 0.760 (area under the curve = 0.739, 95% CI: 0.644-0.833, P < 0.001).@*Conclusions@#Pre-treatment plasma fibrinogen is positively associated with bone metastatic burden in PCa patients. Our results indicate that fibrinogen might be a potential predictor of HVD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Surgery ; (12): 1295-1298, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816548

ABSTRACT

Radiation enteritis(RE) is a common complicationcaused by radiotherapy of abdominal and pelvic malignanttumor. As the increase of radiotherapy and the prolongation ofsurvival time, the incidence of RE is growing. Based on thedifferent pathological and clinical features, RE can be dividedinto acute and chronic RE, and about one third chronic REpatients require surgical treatment. The aims of surgery forintestinal obstruction resulting from RE are to relieve obstruction, restore intestinal function and prevent recurrence.The general principle of surgery is to definitely remove thedamaged intestine and reconstruct the continuity of digestivetract. However, for the RE patients with acute intestinalobstruction, surgeons prefer to take non-surgical measures totransform emergency surgery into elective or limited-timesurgery, in order to reduce the risk of operation andpostoperative complications. Moreover, because the patientswith chronic RE are at high risk of malnutrition, propernutritional support should be considered in the perioperativeperiod.

9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1800-1804, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-251300

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The diagnostic value of current prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests is challenged by the poor detection rate of prostate cancer (PCa) in repeat prostate biopsy. In this study, we proposed a novel PSA-related parameter named PSA density variation rate (PSADVR) and designed a clinical trial to evaluate its potential diagnostic value for detecting PCa on a second prostate biopsy.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data from 184 males who underwent second ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy 6 months after the first biopsy were included in the study. The subjects were divided into PCa and non-PCa groups according to the second biopsy pathological results. Prostate volume, PSA density (PSAD), free-total PSA ratio, and PSADVR were calculated according to corresponding formulas at the second biopsy. These parameters were compared using t-test or Mann-Whitney U-test between PCa and non-PCa groups, and receiver operating characteristic analysis were used to evaluate their predictability on PCa detection.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>PCa was detected in 24 patients on the second biopsy. Mean values of PSA, PSAD, and PSADVR were greater in the PCa group than in the non-PCa group (8.39 μg/L vs. 7.16 μg/L, 0.20 vs. 0.16, 14.15% vs. -1.36%, respectively). PSADVR had the largest area under the curve, with 0.667 sensitivity and 0.824 specificity when the cutoff was 10%. The PCa detection rate was significantly greater in subjects with PSADVR >10% than PSADVR ≤10% (28.6% vs. 6.5%, P< 0.001). In addition, PSADVR was the only parameter in this study that showed a significant correlation with mid-to-high-risk PCa (r = 0.63, P = 0.03).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Our results demonstrated that PSADVR improved the PCa detection rate on second biopsies, especially for mid-to-high-risk cancers requiring prompt treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Biopsy , Methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Prostate , Metabolism , Pathology , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Blood , Prostatic Neoplasms , Blood , Diagnosis , ROC Curve
10.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 1104-1107, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-239025

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the influence of varicocele on the volume discrepancy of bilateral testes, and the relationship between testicular volume discrepancy and semen parameters.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>This study included 181 varicocele patients and 102 normal fertile men without varicocele. We retrospectively analyzed their clinical data, including the grades and locations of varicocele, testis volume and semen parameters.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Bilateral testicular volume discrepancy was found in 132 (72.9%) of the varicocele patients (including 117 cases of left testicular hypotrophy [88.6%]), and 35 (34.3%) of the non-varicocele fertile men. The rates of bilateral testicular volume discrepancy were 61.3%, 3.5%, 20.9% and 14.3% in the grade-III, grade-II, grade-I and non-varicocele groups, respectively (P < 0.05), with statistically significant differences among different age groups (P < 0.05). The percentage of morphologically normal sperm and sperm motility were reduced differently with different degrees of testicular volume discrepancy (P <0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Testicular volume discrepancy is more common in men with left varicocele, and its prevalence and degree are correlated with the grade of varicocele. Semen quality decreases with the increase of testicular volume discrepancy.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Organ Size , Retrospective Studies , Semen Analysis , Sperm Count , Sperm Motility , Testis , Pathology , Varicocele , Pathology
11.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 175-178, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235093

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study if quantum dots fluorescent probes can be applied to detect P53 protein and Bcl-2 protein in tissue of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>By indirect immunofluorescence assay the same particle size quantum dots fluorescent probes were applied to detect P53 protein and Bcl-2 protein respectively. Different particle size quantum dots fluorescent probes were applied to detect P53 protein and Bcl-2 protein simultaneously in paraffin-embedded tissue section of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma under fluorescent microscope.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>P53 protein and Bcl-2 protein can be combined with quantum dots fluorescent probes and specific fluorescene can be observed with ultraviolet light excited. P53 protein was mainly distributed in the nucleus, and Bcl-2 protein major in the cytoplasm. P53 protein and Bcl-2 protein can be combined with different particle size quantum dots fluorescent probes respectively in the same paraffin-embedded tissue section of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma and two kinds of fluorescene can be observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Quantum dots fluorescent probes can be applied to detect two kinds of specific protein in paraffin-embedded tissue section of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Fluorescent Dyes , Quantum Dots , Tongue Neoplasms , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 252-254, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351893

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To search for an effective therapy for neurodermatitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Ninety-six cases were divided into 2 groups by random number table. The treatment group (n = 54) were treated by hot-red needle therapy combined with blood-letting puncturing and cupping at skin-injured area, and the control group (n = 42) were treated with external smearing of halometasone cream.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The cured rate and the total effective rate were 51.9% and 96.3% in the treatment group, and 28.6% and 81.0% in the control group, respectively, with a significant difference between the two groups in the therapeutic effect (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Red-hot needle therapy combined with blood-letting puncture and cupping has a definite therapeutic effect on neurodermatitis, without toxic and adverse effects.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acupuncture Therapy , Methods , Bloodletting , Methods , Neurodermatitis , Therapeutics
13.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-683620

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Yishen dianpi Yangxue Tongli Fang (YSJP) on IGF-1 mRNA expression in the ovary of PCOS rat, and study its mechanism on the molecular level. Methods Seventy two female SD rats were randomly divided into normal control group, model group, clomifene group and low-, mid-, high-dose Chinese medicine group. The animal model established by capsulae levonorgestreli silasticus was used to observe the IGF-1 mRNA expression in ovary by hybridization in situ. Results IGF-1 mRNA expression of PCOS model group was higher than the normal control group obviously. The semi-quantitative image analysis showed that TCM treatment could decrease IGF-1 mRNA expression. Conclusion Yishen Jianpi Yangnue Tongli Fang could decrease the IGF-1 mRNA expression in ovary and improve the insulin resistance of PCOS rats.

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