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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880527

ABSTRACT

Cupping therapy has been accepted worldwide, and many studies have been conducted to reveal its curative effects and mechanisms. To comprehensively evaluate the effect of cupping therapy, database including China Network Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journal Database VIP, Wan Fang Database, Chinese Biomedicine (CBM), PubMed and Web of Science were searched from 2009-2019. We summarized all the meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, clinical trials and the mechanisms studies of cupping therapy in the previous 10 years, hoping to provide a reference for the clinical applications and studies.

2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 10-16, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878230

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to observe the activation of microglia in the prefrontal cortex of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) mice, and the expression of the marker genes of the disease-associated microglia (DAM) associated with neurodegenerative diseases. Sixty healthy adult male C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into two groups, normal control (CON) group and T1DM group. Streptozocin (STZ) was injected intraperitoneally to induce T1DM mice. The spatial learning and memory function of mice was detected by Morris water maze at the 8th week after the successful model establishment. The number and activation of microglia in the prefrontal cortex of mice were detected by immunofluorescence staining and Western blot. Changes in the mRNA level of several DAM molecular markers were detected by RT-FQ-PCR. The results showed that, compared with CON mice, the fasting blood glucose of T1DM mice increased significantly, while the body weight of T1DM mice decreased remarkably (P < 0.05). The escape latency of water maze in T1DM mice was longer than that in CON mice (P < 0.05). Compared with CON group, the Iba1 protein expression and the number of microglia in prefrontal cortex of T1DM group increased significantly (P < 0.05). In addition, the mRNA levels of several DAM markers in prefrontal cortex of T1DM group were increased significantly (P < 0.05). These results suggest that the microglia are activated and transformed to DAM type in the prefrontal cortex of T1DM mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Hippocampus , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Microglia , Prefrontal Cortex
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the effect of α-ketoglutarate (AKG) on postoperative delirium (POD) in aged mice.Methods:Eighty male C57BL/6N mice, aged 18 months, weighing 30-35 g, were divided into 4 groups ( n=20 each) using a random number table method: control+ solvent group (group C), control+ AKG group (group C+ AKG), surgery+ solvent group (group S) and surgery+ AKG group (group S+ AKG). Dimethyl 2-oxoglutarate 0.6 mg/kg was injected intraperitoneally for 3 consecutive days before surgery in C+ AKG and S+ AKG groups, while the equal volume of normal saline was given in C and S groups.Exploratory laparotomy was performed under anesthesia with isoflurane to establish POD model.The behaviors of mice in each group were tested at 24 h before surgery and 6, 9 and 24 h after surgery using buried food test (the latency to eat food), open field test (total distance, latency to the center, time and freezing time spent in the center) and Y maze test (duration in the novel arm and the number of entries into the novel arm), respectively.Then the animals were sacrificed at 6 h after operation, hippocampal tissues were removed for determination of the expression of microglia-specific marker ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule-1 (Iba-1), the number of Iba-1 positive cells (using immunofluorescence staining), and the expression of interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in hippocamapus (by Western blot). Results:Compared with group C, the latency to eat food at eath time point was significantly prolonged, latency to the center at 6 and 9 h after surgery was prolonged, time spent in the center at 6 and 9 h after surgery was shortened, freezing time at 6, 9 and 24 h after surgery was shortened, the number of entries into the novel arm at 6 and 9 h after surgery was decreased, duration in the novel arm at 6 h after surgery was shortened, the expression of Iba-1 was up-regulated, the number of Iba-1 positive cells was increased, and the expression of IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampus was up-regulated in group S ( P<0.05), and no significant change was found in the behaviors indexes in group C+ AKG ( P>0.05). Compared with group S, the latency to eat food at each time point was significantly shortened, latency to the center at 9 h after surgery was shortened, time spent in the center at 6 and 9 h after surgery was prolonged, freezing time at 9 and 24 h after surgery was prolonged, the number of entries in the novel arm at 9 h after surgery was increased, the expression of Iba-1was down-regulated, the number of Iba-1 positive cells was decreased, and the expression of IL-1β and TNF-α in hippocampus was down-regulated in group S+ AKG ( P<0.05). Conclusion:AKG can alleviate POD, and the mechanism may be related to inhibiting the activation of microglia and and thus reducing inflammatory responses in aged mice.

4.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1198-1208, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910708

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of Dynamic neutralization system applied to the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with fatty infiltration of multifidus muscle.Methods:From Jan 2015 to Dec 2017, a total of 53 patients of lumbar degenerative diseases with multifidus fatty infiltration treated by Dynesys in our hospital were analyzed, included 21 males and 32 females, aged 66.2±7.4 (range 48-81) years. There were lumbar spinal stenosis in 37 casesand lumbar disc herniationin 16 cases; the index level included L 2-S 1 in 3 cases, L 3-S 1 in 13 cases, L 2-L 5 in 5 cases, L 4-S 1 in 17 cases, and L 3-L 5 in 15 cases. The pedicle screws were inserted at the point of intersection of the outer edge of superior articular process and the midline of transverse process. After discectomy of herniated disc and hyperplastic ligamentum flavum, the distance between the upper and lower pedicle screws was measured and then the spacer of the corresponding length was cut out. Finally, the spacer was placed and fixed between the upper and lower pedicle screws by the elastic rope. The degree of multifidus fat infiltration, lumbar lordosis (LL), pelvic incidence (PI), pelvic tilt (PT), sacral slop (SS), range of motion (ROM), intervertebral height (IH), Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score, Oswestry disability index (ODI), the MOS 36-item short-form health survey (SF-36) and visual analog scale (VAS) were evaluated postoperatively. Results:The operation was performed successfully in all the patients. The operation duration was 173.5±64.7 (range 125-240) min. Intraoperative blood loss was 469.5±118.2 (range 380-620) ml. The patients were followed up for 47.9±6.7 (range 38-62) months averagely. At the last follow-up, the degree of fatty infiltration of the multifidus muscle showed no further progress by MR scan. There was no significant difference in ROM and IH at different time points preoperativelyand postoperatively. The LL recovered from 37.6°±8.8° to 43.2°±9.1°, the PT decreased from 24.7°±9.3° to 20.5°±5.1°, and the SS increased from 22.1°±7.7°to 26.3°±8.0°. The JOA score increased from preoperative 6.4±1.2 to 20.6±2.8, ODI decreased from preoperative 50.6%±11.3% to 13.0%±3.4%, SF-36 increased from preoperative 81.5±3.6 to 95.5±4.2, and the VAS decreased from preoperative 4.2±1.0 to 1.1±0.6. One patient experienced loosening and displacement on the left side pedicle screw of the L2 vertebral body 3.5 years after operation, and herclinical symptom improved significantly after conservative treatment.Conclusion:Dynesysis is safe and effective for the treatment of lumbar degenerative diseases with fatty infiltration of multifidus muscle, and it can restore the complete structure and function of tension band at lower back and prevent the progress of multifidus muscle fat infiltration combined with postoperative rehabilitation training.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909329

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application effect of time-sharing appointment in the peripherally inserted central catheter(PICC) maintenance clinic.Methods:Patients with medical appointments within two months before and after the application of time-sharing appointment practice in the PICC maintenance clinic were selected. Patients with appointment before application were control group and took paper appointment sheet manually while those after application were study group and took time-sharing appointment. Waiting time, average number of patients waiting per pre-specified time period, patient satisfaction and nurse satisfaction were compared between the two groups.Results:The median waiting time of the study group was 15 min, significantly shorter than that of the control group of 46 min ( P<0.01). The numbers of patients waiting in the waiting area for the study group remained relatively stable across each time period, showing low people density. In the contrast, numbers of patients waiting varied significantly for the control group and the peak of patient flow occurred in periods of 8∶00—10∶00 and 13∶30—14∶30. Patient satisfaction and nurse satisfaction of the study group were both significantly higher than those of the control group (4.99±0.05 vs. 2.15±0.17, P=0.009; 4.67±1.92 vs. 1.90±0.37, P<0.01, respectively). Conclusion:The application of time-sharing appointment in PICC maintenance clinics effectively reduces the waiting time for patients, achieves reasonable patient triage, improves the clinic environment, improves nurse and patient satisfaction, and improves the level of hospital management.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907581

ABSTRACT

Neddylation is overactivated in lung cancer, which promotes the development of lung cancer by activating its downstream CRL ubiquitin ligase and promoting the CRL tumor-suppressor protein substrate degradation. MLN4924, a small molecule inhibitor of Neddylation, plays an anti-lung cancer role by inducing cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and senescence. Furthermore, targeting the key enzymes of Neddylation and their substrates, Cullin family proteins, can inhibit the development of lung cancer.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906349

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) and western medicine have their respective advantages and limitations in the diagnosis and treatment of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases. Although the integrated TCM and western medicine exhibits definite curative effects, there is no consensus on the otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, as well as the diagnosis and treatment schemes. The China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) thus organized the otorhinolaryngology head and neck specialists of both TCM and western medicine to discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, and clinical diagnosis and treatment methods of common otorhinolaryngology head and neck diseases with the results of multiple clinical trials taken into account. The acute pharyngitis, chronic pharyngolaryngitis, paraesthesia pharyngis, hysterical aphasia, allergic rhinitis, subjective tinnitus, and otogenic vertigo were confirmed to respond specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine. Then a mutually agreed diagnosis and treatment scheme and recommendation with integrated TCM and western medicine was formulated as a reference for clinical practice, thus benefiting more patients.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906112

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Yiqi Yangyin prescription on lipid metabolism in type 2 diabetes rat model induced by high fat diet combined with intraperitoneal injection of streptozocin (STZ), and explore its mechanism in regulation of lipid metabolism. Method:The rats were fed with high-fat diet for 4 weeks, and intraperitoneal injection of STZ was provided to establish diabetes model. The diabetic rats were randomly divided into model group, Yiqi Yangyin prescription high dose group, medium dose group and low dose group (9.00, 4.50, 2.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and metformin group (0.20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>). Another blank control group was set up. The high, medium and low dose groups were given with different oral doses of Yiqi Yangyin prescription granules, metformin was given in metformin group, the model group and the blank group received the same volume of normal saline. Intragastric administration was given for three weeks, and then the weight and blood glucose were measured. Automatic biochemical analyzer was used to detect triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and content of total protein (TP). Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver tissues in each group. Periodic acid-schiff stain (PAS) staining was used to observe the pathological changes of liver glycogen. The lipid changes of liver tissues were observed by oil red O staining. The expression of adenosine monophosphate activated protein kinase (AMPK)/ sterol regulatory element binding protein 1c (SREBP1c)/acetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC1)/peroxisome proliferator activated re-ceptor <italic>α</italic> (PPAR<italic>α</italic>) pathway in liver tissues was observed by Western blot. Result:Compared with the blank group, TG, CHO, LDL-C, AST, ALT and ALP significantly increased and HDL-C significantly decreased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, TG and LDL-C contents significantly decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01)and LDL-C contents significantly increased in Yiqi Yangyin prescription groups (<italic>P</italic><0.05). Histomorphology showed that Yiqi Yangyin prescription significantly reduced the degree of hepatocyte intercellular vacuoles and steatosis in liver, and significantly reduced the lipid area of liver tissue. Compared with the blank group, the protein expression levels of p-AMPK<italic>α</italic>, PPAR<italic>α</italic>, SREBP-1 (plasma) in the liver tissues significantly decreased in the model group, but such expression levels increased after treatment with Yiqi Yangyin prescription (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), compared with the blank group, the protein expression levels of p-ACC1 and SREBP-1 (nuclear) significantly increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in model group, but such expression significantly decreased after treatment with Yiqi Yangyin prescription (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Yiqi Yangyin prescription can significantly reduce blood lipid in the diabetic rats caused by high-fat feed combined with STZ. The decrease of blood lipid in the type 2 diabetes rats may be related to the influence on AMPK/ACC1/SREBP-1/PPAR pathway in rat liver.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905992

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the possible mechanism of Xieheyin in alleviating obese polycystic ovary syndrome with insulin resistance(PCOS-IR)and reducing inflammatory response. Method:Ten of sixty SPF femlae C57BL/6J mice were randomly selected as the normal group,and the rest mice were given letrozole 0.002 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> combined with fecal suspension 2 g·kg<sup>-1</sup> for 28 consecutive days to establish model of PCOS-IR.The mice that were successfully modeled were randomized into the model group,metformin group(0.25 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and low(10 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),medium(20 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>),and high-dose(40 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>)Xieheyin groups,and administered with the corresponding drugs by gavage,once a day,for four consecutive weeks. Except the normal control group, the mice in the other groups were continuously given fecal suspension combined with letrozole solution to maintain the model during the treatment. The mice were weighed once a week.Levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG) were detected by blood glucose test strips.And enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) method was used to detect serum testosterone(T),follicle stimulating hormone(FSH),luteinizing hormone(LH),fasting insulin(FINS)level,and LH/FSH and Homeostasis model assesment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were calculated.The uterus and ovaries were weighed and fixed.Hematoxylin-eosin(HE)staining was used to observe ovarian tissue pathology morphology. Western blot was used to detect the expression levels of tight junction key molecular zonula occludens 1(ZO-1),occludin in colon tissues,and the expression levels of Toll-like receptor 4/nuclear factor kappa B/Nod-like receptor protein 3(TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3)signaling pathway and inflammation associated proteins cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-1(Caspase-1) and interleukin-1<italic>β</italic>(IL-1<italic>β</italic>) in colon tissues. Result:Compared with normal control group,the body weight of mice in the model control group increased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Serum FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR,T,LH/FSH were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01),while the ovarian organ ratio were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The number of atresia follicles and cystic dilatation follicles increased significantly,and the number of corpus luteum significantly decreased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells also decreased,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased. Tight junction related ZO-1,occludin proteins in colon tissues were all decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01).The relative expression levels of inflammation-related protein IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein signaling pathway were significantly increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05).Compared with model control group, the body weight of mice in the low,middle and high dose Xieheyin group decreased significantly(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The serum T,LH/FSH,FINS,FBG,HOMA-IR were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05,<italic>P</italic><0.01). The uterine organ ratio were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.05),while the ovarian organ ratio were decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.05). The number of cystic follicles decreased and corpus luteum increased,the thickness of follicular granulosa cells increased and be arranged normally,while the white membrane thickness of the ovary increased slightly. The expressions of ZO-1,occludin proteins were increased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). The expression levels of IL-1<italic>β</italic>,Caspase-1 and TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 target protein in the high dose group were significantly decreased(<italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:Xieheyin could activate intestinal TLR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B/NLRP3 signaling pathway,inhibit pro-inflammatory factor secretion,improve obesity and IR,which was correlated with rebuilding intestinal mucosal barrier and inhibiting intestinal inflammation.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904624

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the components of proteins from Echinococcus granulosus cyst fluid using the shotgun method, and to identify the active components with potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases. Methods The E. granulosus cyst fluid was collected aseptically from the hepatic cysts of patients with cystic echinococcosis, and characterized by liquid chromatography (LC) tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) following digestion with trypsin. The protein data were searched using the software MaxQuant version 1.6.1.0 and the cellular components, molecular functions, and biological processes of the identified proteins were analyzed using the Gene Ontology (GO) method. Results The E. granulosus cyst fluid separated by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) had a relative molecular mass of 25 to 70 kDa. LS-MS/MS analysis identified 37 proteins, including 32 known proteins and 5 unknown proteins. At least 4 proteins were preliminarily found to exhibit potential regulatory effects for immune dysregulation diseases, including antigen B, glutathione-S-transferase (GST), thioredoxin peroxidase (TPX) and malate dehydrogenase (MDH). GO enrichment analysis showed that the identified proteins had 149 molecular functions and were involved in 341 biological processes. Conclusions E. granulosus cyst fluid has a variety of protein components, and four known proteins are preliminarily identified to be associated with immune dysregulation diseases.

11.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1038-1044, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-876574

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To assist enterprises to understand the technical points a nd development trend of pharmaceutical intermediates industry ,and to provide new development ideas and technical support for pharmaceutical intermediates application technology. METHODS :Taking the core technology involved in pharmaceutical intermediates as the research object and divided into four levels ,the patent data of pharmaceutical intermediates published (announced)before Feb. 2nd,2020 in State Intellectual Property Office (SIPO),INCOPAT and PatSnap patent databases were searched. Patent analysis method was used to analyze the patent application trend and patent applicants of pharmaceutical intermediates ,and the secondary and tertiary technologies of pharmaceutical intermediates were analyzed in detail. Finally ,SPSS 24.0 software was used for curve fitting prediction analysis of the number of patent applications for pharmaceutical intermediates in China. RESULTS :A total of 12 103 related patents were retrieved. Under the secondary technology classification ,there were 331 patents for antibiotic drug intermediates ,474 patents for antipyretic and analgesic drug intermediates ,1 227 patents for cardiovascular drug intermediates ,and 1 550 patents for anticancer drug intermediates. The numbers of patent applications for pharmaceutical intermediates in the world and China were increasing year by year ,and Chinese mainland had the largest number of patent applications. The number of patent applications in Jiangsu , Shanghai and Shandong ranked the top 3. Among the top 10 patent,8 were domestic enterprises or universities ,and they also ranked the top 2 in the composition of pharmaceutical intermediates applicants in China. Among the secondary technologies of pharmaceutical intermediates ,cardiovascular pharmaceutical intermediates accounted for the largest proportion of patent applications (32%),followed by anticancer pharmaceutical intermediates (30%). Among the tertiary technologies ,there were patent applications for the products (35%),methods(35%)and uses (28%)of pharmaceutical intermediates. The curve fitting of the number of patent applications for pharmaceutical intermediates in China showed that the current trend of patent applications was the best fitted with the cubic curve model ,and it was predicted that the number of patent applications in 2020 and 2021 will be 688 and 781 respectively. CONCLUSIONS :The technology of pharmaceutical intermediates has developed rapidly in China ,and universities and enterprises have considerable R&D strength. In addition to expanding in technological innovation ,enterprises can also consider the development idea of school-enterprise cooperation and patent cross licensing among enterprises to help the better deve lopment of China ’s pharmaceutical intermediates industry.

12.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 623-629, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To establish quantitative e valuation system of the prophylactic use of antibiotics in orthopedic type Ⅰ incision surgery ,and to provide reference for evaluating the rational prevention use of antibiotics in this type surgery scientifically. METHODS:Based on the Guidelines of Clinical Use of Antimicrobial Agents (2015 edition),drug instructions ,related guidelines and references ,experts from relevant departments jointly discussed and formulated the evaluation criteria for the rationality of the use of antibiotics in type Ⅰ incision in orthopedic surgery. AHP method was used to assign the weights for various indexes of evaluation criteria ;TOPSIS method was used to retrospectively analyze and evaluate the rationality of 120 cases of type Ⅰ incision surgery from 3 orthopedic departments in Peking University People ’s Hospital during Sept. 1st-30th,2019. RESULTS :Established evaluation system included 4 primary indicators (medication indication ,usage and dosage ,medication timing ,other factors )and 12 secondary indicators. Among the secondary indicators ,indications,drug selection and timing of preoperative administration were the most important (weights were 0.209,0.140,0.117). Among 120 cases,30.83% of drug use were reasonable ,47.50% were basically reasonable and 21.67% were unreasonable. Evaluation results obtained by AHP-TOPSIS were consistent with the actual situation. CONCLUSIONS :The rationality evaluation method of prophylactic use of antibiotics in type Ⅰ incision surgery based on AHP-TOPSIS method can quantitatively evaluate the rationality of drug use by combining multiple indicators. The method is feasible ,operable,and the evaluation results can be quantified ,which has a wide range of application.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2890-2902, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887851

ABSTRACT

The evolution, structure and antigenic epitopes prediction of Rana dybowskii antimicrobial peptide dybowskin-1ST were carried out using bioinformatics software available online. Its antibacterial mechanism and structural properties were analyzed, and its activity was verified by applying wound healing assay in mice and bacteriostatic assay in vitro. This provides the theoretical basis for the improvement of parental peptide and the development of novel derivative peptides. The software MEGA_X were used to conduct homology alignment and to construct a phylogenetic tree. The online software ProtParam, ProtScale, PeptideCutter, signal, TMHMM Server were respectively used to predict the physicochemical parameters, hydrophilia/hydrophobicity, shear sites, signal peptides, and transmembrane domains of dybowskin-1ST. The online software SOPMA, Jpred4, DNAstar Protean were used to predict the secondary structure of dybowskin-1ST, and SWISS-MODEL, I-TASSER were used to predict the tertiary structure. ABCpred and SYFPEITHI were respectively used to predict its B-and T-cell epitopes. The effect of dybowskin-1ST on the wound healing was observed on experimental mice. Kirby-Bauer method and dilution method were used to determine the bacteriostatic activity of dybowskin-1ST. The dybowskin-1ST consists of 59 amino acid residues, of which leucine accounts for 16.9%, with a molecular formula of C₃₁₈H₅₁₀N₈₀O₉₃S₂. Its theoretical isoelectric point is 5.10 and the charge is -2. The dybowskin-1ST and dybowskin-1CDYa are closely related phylogenetically. The secondary structure of dybowskin-1ST predicted by the three methods were similar, which consisted of α-helix (44.07%), extended strand (16.95%), β-turns (3.39%), and random coil (35.39%). The prediction of tertiary structure showed that dybowskin-1ST was mainly composed of α-helix, and it was regarded as a hydrophilic protein with signal peptide sequence. Subcellular localization analysis showed that the probability of secreting the mitochondrial targeted peptides was 0.944. Dybowskin-1ST is an extracellular protein with no transmembrane structure region, but contains seven phosphorylation sites, three T-cell epitopes and eight B-cell epitopes. The dybowskin-1ST promoted wound healing and effectively inhibited the growth of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. However, it had limited antibacterial activity against fungi and drug-resistant bacteria. Although the structure of dybowskin-1ST is rich in α-helix, the verification experiments showed that its antibacterial ability needs to be enhanced. The reason may be that it is a negatively charged and hydrophilic protein, and amino acid modification with the aim of increasing the number of positive charges and changing the hydrophobicity may be used to obtain derived peptides with enhanced activity.


Subject(s)
Amino Acid Sequence , Animals , Mice , Phylogeny , Pore Forming Cytotoxic Proteins , Protein Structure, Secondary , Ranidae
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887748

ABSTRACT

The tilted implantation technique is characterized by placing the implant at an angle of more than 15° and less than 45° from the horizontal plane. This technique can avoid damaging the maxillary sinus, inferior alveolar nerve, nasal base, and other anatomical structures when the height of the upper and lower jaw available bone is insufficient, to maximize the use of available bone and avoid a large range of bone increment. The tilted implantation technique can reduce the trauma of the surgery, increase the possibility of immediate restoration and shorten the treatment cycle, which has been widely used clinically. In this review, the scope of application, design elements, design scheme and complications of the tilted implantation technique for edentulous patients will be described.


Subject(s)
Alveolar Bone Loss , Dental Implantation, Endosseous , Dental Implants , Dental Prosthesis Design , Dental Prosthesis, Implant-Supported , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Jaw, Edentulous/surgery , Mandible , Maxilla/surgery , Maxillary Sinus/surgery , Mouth, Edentulous/surgery
15.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 393-396, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886068

ABSTRACT

Protein ubiquitin-like modification of Neddylation is an important post-translational modification mode of protein to widely regulate cell cycle, growth, development and other biological processes. Recent studies have found that MLN4924, small molecule inhibitor of Neddylation modification, has a significant anti-tumor effect, which can inhibit the tumor growth by inducing cell cycle arrest, senescence and apoptosis, and inhibiting tumor angiogenesis. This paper reviews the related mechanism research of cell programmed death induced by Neddylation modification pathway inhibitor MLN4924.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885794

ABSTRACT

Objective:In this study, we established a reliable surgical procedure of lung ischaemia-reperfusion(IR) injury in rats. The research progress of different lung IR injury models and application value was also discussed.Methods:Twenty-eight adult SD rats were randomly divided into SHAM group and lung IR injury group(IR group), 14 rats in each group. In IR group, rats underwent tracheotomy under general anesthesia and received mechanical ventilation. Chest was opened in supine position, and pulmonary hilum was blocked for 30 minutes then the occlusion was removed. Samples were harvested after reperfusion for 45minutes. Rats in SHAM group received surgery and exposure of the right pulmonary artery, and experienced the same amount of time before the chest closed. Arterial blood gas was extracted postoperatively. Gross view of the lungs and pathological changes were observed, and the dry/wet ratio(W/D) was determined. Protein level of pro-inflammatory factors, markers in oxidative stress pathway, and endothelial functional markers in lung were tested by western blot analysis.Results:In IR group, there was pink foamy secretion in the airway, and the lungs exhibited signs of edema and congestion. In IR group, the alveolitis score was significantly increased, the W/D ratio was also increased, p38MAPK and NF-κB signaling pathways were activated, and the expression of TNF-α was significantly increased, while the expression of eNOS was significantly decreased.Conclusion:Left hilum clamping and bilateral reperfusion injury in lung is a practical animal model, it is a simple, low-cost and repeatable animal model for further studies. No microsurgical instruments were required during the procedure. Lung IR injury is characterized by oxidative stress response, inflammatory response and endothelial cell dysfunction.

17.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 405-411, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884727

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the feasibility and clinical effects of thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion for thoracolumbar or upper lumbar disc herniation (LDH) associated with vertebral osteochondrosis (VO).Methods:From December 2017 to December 2019, 10 patients of thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO were treated with thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion, including 6 men and 4 women, with an average 49.2 years old (range, 37 to 65 years old). The involved levels included T 12L 1 in 5 cases, L 1, 2 in 2 cases and L 2, 3 in 3 cases. There were 4 cases of simple thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO and 6 cases of thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO combined with ligamentum flavum hyperplasia and ossification or kyphosis (combined with posterior decompression and internal fixation or posterior correction surgery). The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and anterior and posterior height of intervertebral space were evaluated at follow-up. The clinical effects were evaluated according to the modified MacNab criteria. Results:The operation was performed successfully in all the patients. During the operation, the herniated disc and ossification were clearly exposed and completely removed, with the sufficient decompression of spinal cord, nerve root and dural sac. The operation duration was 115.4±23.8 minutes (range, 70 to 180 mins). Intraoperative bleed loss was 122.6±21.3 ml (range, 40 to 310 ml). The patients were followed up for averagely 21.6 months (range, 12 to 36 months). At the final follow-up, VAS score decreased from preoperative 7.2±1.9 to 1.8±1.1, and ODI decreased from preoperative 64.3%±13.9% to 16.3%±5.1% ( P<0.05). The anterior height of intervertebral space recovered from preoperative 7.8±1.5 mm to 11.9±2.3 mm, and the posterior height of intervertebral space recovered from preoperative 4.5±1.1 mm to 7.4±1.6 mm ( P<0.05). According to modified MacNab criteria, the results were excellent in 9 cases and good in 1 case. Conclusion:For thoracolumbar or upper LDH associated with VO, thoracic endoscopic-assisted anterior-lateral decompression and fusion provided clear vision of the surgical field, fully exposed and completely removed the herniated disc and ossification, which achieved satisfactory short-term results.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882608

ABSTRACT

Objective:Dysmenorrhea is the common gynecological problem among adolescent girls and women of reproductive age. This study aim to develop a dysmenorrhea Quality of Life (QoL) scale based on Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) theory.Methods:We conducted focus group discussions and in-depth interviews with TCM gynecologists and patients, and adapted items from previously published scales. We generated an initial pool of 41 items with 8 domains. Delphi method was used to item preliminary selection. Then, we administered the items to a sample of adolescent girls ( n=200), and the distribution of survey items, discrete trend, factor analysis, correlation coefficient, Cronbach’s α coefficient were used to select items. Results:After two rounds of Delphi, a total of thirty items were included in the dysmenorrhea QoL scale. The expert positive coefficient were 100% and 83.3% with high motivation. The authoritative coefficient were greater than 0.7, the results showing authoritative and reliable. The Kendall’s coefficient of concordance W was 0.333 ( χ2=128.271, P<0.001). In sample analysis, the items were deleted when they met more than two standards. The final scale retained 20 items, covering 8 dimensions. Conclusions:The methods for selection of dysmenorrhea QoL scale based on TCM theory were preferable. Given the paucity of research in this area, this new dysmenorrhea QoL scale may provide opportunities for the patient-reported outcome (PRO) evaluation in the field of TCM.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881385

ABSTRACT

@#Non-coding RNA (ncRNA) is a type of RNA that has no or limited protein-coding ability. It mainly includes microRNA (miRNA), long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), circular RNA (circRNA), transfer RNA (tRNA), PIWI-interacting RNA (piRNA), and small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA).At present, research has found that ncRNA plays a central role in regulating the function of pancreatic β cells, and that defects of insulin signaling is an important cause of diabetes.This article reviews the relationship between ncRNA and insulin signaling pathway in recent years, and discusses the possibility of ncRNA as a potential therapeutic target and clinical diagnostic marker for diabetes, hoping to provide some reference for the treatment and diagnosis of diabetes.

20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1325-1338, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922632

ABSTRACT

A strong animal survival instinct is to approach objects and situations that are of benefit and to avoid risk. In humans, a large proportion of mental disorders are accompanied by impairments in risk avoidance. One of the most important genes involved in mental disorders is disrupted-in-schizophrenia-1 (DISC1), and animal models in which this gene has some level of dysfunction show emotion-related impairments. However, it is not known whether DISC1 mouse models have an impairment in avoiding potential risks. In the present study, we used DISC1-N terminal truncation (DISC1-N


Subject(s)
Animals , Interneurons/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neurons/metabolism , Nucleus Accumbens/metabolism , Parvalbumins/metabolism
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