Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 29
Filter
1.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 608-614, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863792

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analysis the clinical characteristics of The clinical characteristics of using automated external defibrillation in the public place,To explore the feasibility and effectiveness of AED application in public places in China.Methods:From January 2014 to April 5, 2019, 54 cases of on-site emergency medical records of AED use in public places in China were analyzed retrospectively from three aspects: patient and AED user attributes, and AED clinical performance.Results:After field application of AED analysis, 54 patients did not have out of hospital cardiac arrest in 9 patients; cardiac arrest in 45 patients, cerebral resuscitation in 40 patients (88.9%), death in 5 patients (11.1%), one of them died in hospital. The accuracy of AED for defibrillation rhythm recognition and defibrillation recommendations was 100%. The success rate of shock to VF was 97.22%, and that of non pulse VT was 100%. The data shows that AEDs of different brands show clinical effectiveness in the core indicators of work. The operation level of the rescuer determines the critical time of AED shock, which is closely related to the prognosis of the patient ( P<0.05) . Conclusions:AED is reliable and effective in electric shock decision and performance.The overall efficiency of AED application can be improved by strengthening training, shortening the critical time of electric shock, rational configuration and effective management.

2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 925-929, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-800417

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To study the impact of aging on pancreatic atrophy, fibrosis and exocrine hypofunction in patients with post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) and its severity.@*Methods@#A retrospective study was conducted on 786 patients who underwent ERCP at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University from June 2011 to April 2018. Patients who were aged over 75 years were grouped into the elderly group while those aged less than 75 years were grouped into the younger group. The incidences and severity of post-ERCP pancreatitis in the two groups were analyzed.@*Results@#In the elderly group, there were 308 patients. The average age was (81.8±4.8) years. In the younger group, there were 478 patients. The average age was (57.7±12.0) years. The average operation time for the elderly group was (52.5±14.1) minutes, and that for the younger group was (50.7±14.9) minutes. There were no significant differences in operation time and in the related factors between the two groups (P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the rates of hyperamylasemia between the two groups (29.9% vs 30.1%, P>0.05). The overall rate of PEP was 11.3% (89/786). In the elderly group, the rate of PEP was 6.5% (20/308), which was significantly lower than that in the younger group (χ2=11.765, P<0.05). The rates of mild, moderate and severe PEP in the elderly group was significantly lower than those in the younger group (all P<0.05). Hyperamylasemia and pancreatitis in the 2 groups were alleviated after conservative treatment.@*Conclusions@#Aging (≥75 years) resulted in pancreatic atrophy, fibrosis, exocrine hypofunction which had a protective effect on PEP.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 147-150, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745814

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate endoscopic pancreaticobiliary separation (EPBS) in patients with gallstone and occult pancreaticobiliary reflux (OPBR).Methods The clinical data of 47 cases with gallstone and OPBR from Oct 2013 to Oct 2016 was analyzed retrospectively.Results The mean gallbladder bile amylase (GBA) was (864 ± 575) U/L.40 cases have undergone the treatment of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.26 cases were diagnosed as duodenal papillitis,16 cases as periampullary diverticula,14 cases as long nipple,5 cases as atrophic papilla,3 cases as ampulla stone and 2 cases as papillary tumor.9 were diagnosed as pancreaticobiliary maljunction in the 14 patients with long nipple.33 cases were performed with EPBS.GBA was tested in 16 cases,and the GBA of 15 cases returned to normal level.The difference of GBA was statistically significant [(1 161 ±764) U/L vs.(47 ± 17) U/L,(t =5.641,P < 0.05)].Patients were followed up for 1 to 4 years,among 36 cases without cholecystectomy,there was no recurrence of cholecystolithiasis after EPBS in 27 cases,but 2 cases had recurrent gallstones in 9 cases without EPBS,and the difference of gallstone recurrence rate was statistically significant (x2 =21.340,P < 0.05).Conclusions Pancreaticobiliary junction diseases is an important cause for gallstone formation and OPBR.EPBS can avoid pancreaticobiliary reflux and reduce the recurrence rate of gallstone after choledochoscopic lithotomy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 925-929, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-824510

ABSTRACT

0bjective To study the impact of aging on pancreatic atrophy,fibrosis and exocrine hy-pofunction in patients with post.ERCP pancreatitis(PEP)and its severity.Methods A retrospective study was conducted on 786 patients who underwent ERCP at the Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian Universi-ty from June 201 1 to April 2018.Patients who were aged over 75 years were grouped into the elderly group while those aged less than 75 years were grouped into the younger group.The incidences and severity of post-ERCP pancreatitis in the two groups were analyzed.Results In the elderly group,there were 308 patients.The average age was(8 1.8±4.8)years.In the younger group,there were 478 patients.The average age was(57.7±12.0)years.The average operation time for the elderly group was(52.5±14.1)minutes,and that for the younger group was(50.7±14.9)minutes.There were no significant differences in opera-tion time and in the related factors between the two groups(P>0.05).There was no significant difference in the rates of hyperamylasemia between the two groups(29.9%vs 30.1%,P>0.05).The overall rate of PEP was 11.3%(89/786).In the elderly group,the rate of PEP was6.5%(20/308),which was signifi-cantly lower than that in the younger group(x2=11.765,P<0.05).The rates of mild,moderate and severe PEP in the elderly group was significantly lower than those in the younger group(all P<0.05).Hyperamylasemia and pancreatitis in the 2 groups were alleviated after conservative treatment.Conclusions Aging(≥75 years)resulted in pancreatic atrophy,fibrosis,exocrine hypofunction which had a protective effect on PEP.

5.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 204-207, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694372

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application of non-invasive positive pressure ventilation in emergency department in China.Methods A questionnaire survey was carried out in the emergency department in China,then the results were analyzed.Results Out of the 317 hospitals,non-invasive ventilators were available in the emergency department in 150 clinics (47.3%).Among them,144 clinics were the tertiary hospitals,and 6 clinics were the secondary hospitals.The leading five causes for NPPV were as follows:acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases (AECOPD) (29.7%),acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema (23.2%),ventilator weaning (11.2%),acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) (9.0%),and extubation failure (8.7%).The bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) S/T was the most commonly used ventilation mode (51.8%),followed by the continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)(30.3%) and BiPAP (S)(12.5%).The oronasal mask (73.7%) and the nasal mask (24.2%) were the most favorable interfaces for NPPV.The reasons for NPPV underusing mainly included insufficient training (36.8%),lacking of related knowledge (22.9%),medical teaching staff shortage (21.1%) and poor compliance of patients (11.0%).The main causes of the failure of NPPV were as follows:poor tolerance (31.5%),irrational parameters setting (25.6%),unfitness of interface (17.8%),airway secretions (14.7%),and disorders of consciousness (10.4%).Conclusions In China,the types of patients most commonly treated with NPPV in the emergency department are those with AECOPD and acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema.Barriers to popularize the use of NPPV in the emergency department include availability of equipment,physician with familiarity in operating the NPPV,and human resources required for NPPV.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 167-170, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-711500

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of X-ray assisted nasal catheter extractor on nose biliary oronasal conversion. Methods A total of 892 patients,receiving endoscopic nasal biliary drainage in Affiliated Zhongshan Hospital of Dalian University from January 2014 to December 2015, were randomly divided into experiment group and control group. X-ray assisted nasal catheter extractor was used in the experiment group,and guide wire was used in the control group. The mean extracting number and operation time, the total success rate, one-time success rate, response to stimulation and the incidence of complications were compared between the two groups. Results There were 457 cases in the experiment group. The mean extracting number was 1.08±0.32,the mean operation time was 1.07±0.29 min,the total success rate was 100.00%(457/457)and one-time success rate was 93.65%(428/457). The stimulation degree score was 1.27±0.50 with 348 cases of mild response,96 cases of moderate response and 13 cases of severe response. The rate of adverse reaction was 15.54%(71/457)with 50 cases of nausea, 18 cases of vomiting and 3 cases of mucosal bleeding. There were 435 cases in control group. The mean extracting number was 1.68±0.61,the mean operation time was 1.75±0.53 min, the total success rate was 75.63%(329/435)and one-time success rate was 38.16%(166/435). The stimulation degree score was 1.59 ±0.62 with 210 cases of mild response,194 cases of moderate response and 31 cases of severe response. The rate of adverse reaction was 35.86%(156/435)with 87 cases of nausea,36 cases of vomiting,27 cases of mucosal bleeding,and 6 cases of nasal duct prolapsed for vomiting. There were significant differences in the mean extracting number, mean operation time, stimulation degree score and the adverse reaction rate between the two groups(all P<0.001). The total success rate and one-time success rate in the experiment group were higher than those in the control group(all P<0.001).Conclusion X-ray assisted nasal catheter extractor can improve the success rate of operation,shorten the operation time,reduce the stimulation degree and the rate of adverse reactions in nose biliary oronasal conversion.

7.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 725-728, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710612

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical value,safety and efficacy of pancreatic stent in prevention of postoperative acute pancreatitis in patients with benign biliary stricture (BBS) treated by fullcovered self-expanding removable metal stents (FCSERMSs).Methods From Jan 2011 to Dec 2017,92 BBS patients who met the inclusion criteria were admitted and divided into pancreatic stent (PS) group and control group.The acute pancreatitis (AP) and hyperamylase (HP) after FCSERMS implantation and removal was observed.Results 55 cases in PS group and 37 cases in control group underwent successful FCSERMS implantation.The incidences of postoperative elevated amylase and HP had no significant differences between the two groups (23.6% vs.32.4%,3.6% vs.10.8%,all P >0.05).The incidences of postoperative AP and moderately elevated amylase had significant differences (0 vs.13.5%,20.0% vs.8.1%,all P < 0.05).The average placement time of FCSERMSs was 7.84 ± 1.22 months.The incidence of elevated amylase,AP,HP and moderately elevated amylase after the FCSERMS and PS removed had no statistical differences (3.6% vs.14.3%,0vs.2.9%,0 vs.2.9%,3.6%vs.8.6%,all P>0.05).Conclusion The placement of pancreatic stents in the treatment of BBS with FCSERMS is a simple,safe and effective method for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 338-341, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-618696

ABSTRACT

The clinical data of 7 patients who underwent the treatment of gradual and persistent balloon dilatation (GPBD) by percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC)for traumatic biliary stricture in Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Dalian University were analyzed retrospectively.Balloon catheters were successfully implanted in 5 cases by PTC,and with the help of ERCP in 2 PTC failed cases.There was no bleeding,acute pancreatitis and other complications.Two balloon catheters were damaged and displaced,respectively.All the biliary strictures were relieved.No biliary sludge was attached on the surface of the balloon and in the bile duct.Bile duct mucosa had congestion edema and cellulose attachment.There was no biliary stricture recurrence in the follow-up of 5 to 27 months.This study showed GPBD by PTC was a simple,safe and effective method for treating traumatic biliary strictures.

9.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 76-81, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505314

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe the dynamic changes of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6,IL-10,and expressions of Notch-1,NF-κB mRNA and their protein levels in the brain tissue of septic mice and intervention effects of intrathecal injection of lentiviral vector of miR-34a gene for regulating Notch-1/NF-κB signaling pathway.Methods A total of 54 mice of clean grade were divided randomly (random number) into four groups,namely sham group (n =9),in which sham-operated laparotomy was performed;CLP group (n=15),in which the cecum ligation operation (CLP) was performed;NC group (n =15),in which intrathecal injection of lentivirus 5 μL (concentration 5 × 108 TU/mL),one time per day,for 3 days,then CLP was performed on the seventh day;intervention group (n =15),in wihch intrathecal injection of miR-34a lentivirus 5 μL (concentration 5 × 108 TU/mL),one time per day,for 3 days,then CLP was performed on the seventh day.The mice of four groups were sacrificed 24 h after modeling or operation.The changes of behavior of mice was observed and the neurological scores were assessed 24 h after CLP.The levels of TNF-α,IL-1β,IL-6 and IL-10 in the brain were measured by ELISA method.The mRNA expression and protein levels of Notch-1 and NF-κB in the brain tissue were measured by real-time PCR and Western blot method,respectively.Pathological changes of brain tissue were observed under light microscope.Results The neurological scores,the cerebral TNF-α,IL-6 levels,the mRNA expression and protein level of NF-κB (P<0.01),and IL-1β levels (P <0.05) in CLP group 24 h after modeling were higher than those in sham group.The cerebral IL-10 level and the mRNA expression and protein level of Notch-1 (P < 0.01) in CLP group 24 h after modeling were lower than those in sham group.The neurological scores,the cerebral TNF-α and IL-1β levels,and the protein level of NF-κB (P <0.01),and IL-6 (P < 0.05) in NC group 24 h after modeling were higher than those in sham group.The cerebral IL-10 level,the mRNA expression and protein level of Notch1 in NC group 24 h after modeling were lower than those in sham group.There were no significant difference in neurological socres,IL-1β and IL-6 levels between intervention group and CLP group (P > 0.05).The IL-10 level (P < 0.05) and the mRNA expression (P < 0.05) and protein level (P < 0.01) of Notch-1 in intervention group 24 h after modeling were lower than those in CLP group.There were no significant difference in biomarkers between NC group and CLP group (P > 0.05).The degree of cerebral damage found under light microscope was also ameliorated in intervention group compared with CLP group 24 h after modeling.Conclusions The effects of miR-34a via regulating Notch-1/NF-κB signaling pathway on brain function exerts cerebral protective effects in septic mice.

10.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-603788
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 781-783, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-505209

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatonraphy (ERCP) is the main treatment modality for common bile duct stone.Biliary hemorrhage easily occurred in patients suffering from cirrhosis during and after ERCP.From May 2012 to May 2016,8 cases diagnosed with cirrhosis and common bile duct stones who developed post-ERCP refractory biliary hemorrhage were treated with full-covered self-expanding removable metal stents (FCSERMS),including 5 cases with perioperative hemorrhage of ERCP and 3 cases with delayed onset of biliary hemorrhage post ERCP.All the patients were successfully implanted with FCSERMS.Seven patients had successful hemostasis,and the other one case with ineffective hemostasis was treated with interventional arterial embolization later.Four stents were removed within 4 weeks and one in 8 months after ERCP.No evidence of biliary hemorrhage,intestinal fistula and other complications was observed during removal procedures.Spontaneous stent dislodgment occurred in one patient in postoperative 4 weeks,one patient died of liver failure in postoperative 6 months and one patient carried FCSERMS for 23 months.

12.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 242-247, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502059

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and role of β-catenin in small-for-size liver grafts during early stage of liver regeneration after liver transplantation in rats.Method The livers of male Sprague-Dawley rats were reduced to 30% or 50% of their original sizes and transplanted.The experiment was divided into 3 groups:small-for-size graft group (SSG),half-size graft group (HSG) and sham-operated group.Liver samples were harvested at various time points after transplantation (n =6 per time point) for Western blotting and immunohistochemistry.Six rats in each group were sacrificed at 3rd day after liver transplantation for estimating liver regeneration rate.Result Liver regeneration rate in SSG group was lower than that in HSG group.The expression of β-catenin was down-regulated in liver graft of both groups after being stored in cold Ringer solution for 2 h.The expression of β-catenin was significant up-regulated in HSG group from 5 min to 12 h after operation,while the down-regulated expression of β-catenin was persisted in SSG group at 5 min after operation,and mildly increased expression of β-catenin occurred at 2 h and 6 h,which was significantly lower than that in HSG group at the corresponding time points.The expression of active-β-catenin was low in each group before transplantation.Significant expression of active-β-catenin was found at 5 min in HSG group and persisted until 12 h after operation,mildly increased expression of active-β-catenin in SSG group was only found at 2 h,which was lower than that in HSG group at the same time points.Immunohistochemical staining revealed that β-catenin was mainly expressed on the hepatocyte membrane and in cytoplasm in the sham-operative group,many hepatocytes exhibited nuclear localization of β-catenin in HSG group from 5 min to 24 h,while only some hepatocytes exhibited nuclear localization of β-catenin in SSG group.The expression of Cyclin D1 in SSG group was significantly lower than that in HSG group,which was similar to the expression of C-Myc.Conclusion Attenuated activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling and down-regulated expression of target genes during early regeneration of small-for-size liver grafts may be involved in the inhibition of liver regeneration of small for size liver grafts.

13.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 857-859, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-468813

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the value of ERCP plus EST and laparotomy in the treatment of common bile duct stones.Methods 56 cases of common bile duct stones were treated with ERCP and EST in our hospital from June 2012 to June 2013 (endoscopy group),78 cases were treated with laparotomy and common bile duct exploration (laparotomy group).The two groups were compared on success rate of stone removal,operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume,incidence of infection and pancreatitis and hyperamylasemia,common bile duct stone recurrence rate,hospital stays,hospital costs.Results Operation time,intraoperative bleeding volume and infection rate in endoscopic group was lower than the laparotomy group,the incidence of hyperamylasemia,hospital costs in the endoscopic group was higher than laparotomy group.The success rate of stone removal and the recurrence rate of common bile duct stone in the endoscopic group was lower than the laparotomy group,incidence of pancreatitis in the endoscopic group was higher than the laparotomy group,though the differences were not statistically significant.Conclusions ERCP and EST is a time saving procedure fast relieving the bile duct obstruction,less traumative,spelling lower infection rate,less hospital stays,though causing higher incidence of hyperamylasemia and hospital costs.

14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2523-2530, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241634

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review the research methods of mass casualty incident (MCI) systematically and introduce the concept and characteristics of complexity science and artificial system, computational experiments and parallel execution (ACP) method.</p><p><b>DATA SOURCES</b>We searched PubMed, Web of Knowledge, China Wanfang and China Biology Medicine (CBM) databases for relevant studies. Searches were performed without year or language restrictions and used the combinations of the following key words: "mass casualty incident", "MCI", "research method", "complexity science", "ACP", "approach", "science", "model", "system" and "response".</p><p><b>STUDY SELECTION</b>Articles were searched using the above keywords and only those involving the research methods of mass casualty incident (MCI) were enrolled.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Research methods of MCI have increased markedly over the past few decades. For now, dominating research methods of MCI are theory-based approach, empirical approach, evidence-based science, mathematical modeling and computer simulation, simulation experiment, experimental methods, scenario approach and complexity science.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This article provides an overview of the development of research methodology for MCI. The progresses of routine research approaches and complexity science are briefly presented in this paper. Furthermore, the authors conclude that the reductionism underlying the exact science is not suitable for MCI complex systems. And the only feasible alternative is complexity science. Finally, this summary is followed by a review that ACP method combining artificial systems, computational experiments and parallel execution provides a new idea to address researches for complex MCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Mass Casualty Incidents
15.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 45-49, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-443017

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the appropriate size of the tube for the thoracic drainage in good efficiency by the experimental study in the influence of the tube size on the flow rate of the fluid with different properties.Methods Three groups were divided according to the different components in the fluid:group A,whole blood with 30% hematocrit; group B,2.5% albumin solution; and group C,0.9% normal saline.The total volume of the fluid was 1000 mL in each group in the experiment.Different sorts of fluids were drained with the chest tubes with different diameters (6F,8F,10F,12F,14F,16F,18F,20F,22F,24F,26F,28F,30F,32F,34F,36F of French F) separately,and the flow rate was calculated.ANOVA was used for the comparison of the differences in flow rate among the groups with given fluid property.Twofactor analysis of variance was used for the analysis of flow rates of fluid with different fluid properties.Curve fitting was performed according to the Poiseuille formula.Results The flow rate was positively correlated with the size of the chest drainage tube.The difference in flow rate among the tubes with difference in size was statistically significant (P < 0.05) but there was no noticeable difference in flow rate between 6F and 8F (P =0.513).The flow rate of the 6F and 8F tubes was higher than that of the control (3.33 mL/min) but there was no significant difference between them (P > 0.05).The flow rate of the tubes in 10F and above was obviously higher than that of control (P < 0.05).The curve was estimated that group A was Q =0.002 9x4,R2 =0.991; group B Q=0.003 2x4,R2 =0.981; group C Q =0.003 4x4,R2 =0.975.When the flow rate was fixed at 3.33 mL/min,the estimated curve in group A was X ≈ 5.82F.Conclusions Our experiment indicated that the chest tube with small diameters (6F-14F) could meet the demand of high efficient drainage in the patients with hemothorax or pleural effusion.

16.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 432-436, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426376

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effect of factors correlated with trauma emergency care system on the length of ICU stay and figure out independent risk factors of prolonged ICU stay. Methods A total of 1 361 trauma patients admitted to the ICU of five tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province in 2009 were retrospectively studied.Demographic data,time of ICU stay and variables related to trauma care were collected.Logistic regression was performed to determine the independent risk factors of prolonged ICU stay ( ≥ 15 days). ResultsOverall,192 trauma patients ( 14.1% ) had a prolonged ICU stay ( ≥15 days).Single factor analysis indicated that ISS≥ 16 points,GCS≤7 points,blunt trauma,prehospital emergency care,length of emergency department stay ≥4 hours,mechanical ventilation and central venous pressure monitoring were associated with the prolonged ICU stay.Multivariate analysis showed that pre-hospital emergency care was a protective factor for the prolonged ICU stay( ≥ 15 days) and that mechanical ventilation,length of emergency room stay≥4 hours and ISS≥ 16 points were the independent risk factors for the prolonged ICU stay ( ≥ 15 days).Conclusions Pre-hospital emergency care and ICU care show significant influence on the length of ICU stay.Furthermore,shortened length of emergency department stay is also contributive to reduced length of ICU stay.

17.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 444-448, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-426312

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo evaluate the trauma care effect and the value of trauma and injury severity score (TRISS) in prediction of the mortality by using TRISS to calculate the survival probability of trauma patients in five hospitals from Zhejiang province in 2009.MethodsA retrospective study was done on trauma patients (study group) firstly admitted to Emergency Department of five hospitals from Zhejiang province in 2009.The relevant information was collected,including demographic data,trauma types and injury causes.The TRISS score was obtained through calculating injury severity score (ISS) and revised trauma score (RTS) on admission into emergency department.With the major trauma outcome study (MTOS) as control group,M value,standardized Ws value and 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to compare actual survival rate and anticipation survival rate.ResultsA total of 2 193 patients at mean age of 44.39 years were enrolled in the study,including 1 661 male patients (75.74%).Traffic accident injury was the most common,followed by fall injury.The mortality rate according to TRISS was 13.22%,but the actual mortality rate was 9.75%.For all the patients,M =0.80 indicated that the injury severity of the study group was significantly different from that of the control group.At the same time,Ws =2.15,95% CI for Ws:1.54-2.77 showed that the actual survival rate of the study group was significantly higher than that of the control group.Besides,the survival rate of trauma patients in the affiliated hospitals and three hospitals at class A grade was significantly higher fian that of the control group,but there was no significant difference between three hospitals at class B grade and control group. ConclusionsTRISS overestimates the mortality of the study group,which is probably associated with the rapid development of traumatology and the old coefficients of TRISS.Setting up local trauma database and renewing coefficients of TRISS may improve the ability of TRISS in predicting mortality of the trauma patients.

18.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 588-592, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415935

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine risk factors in nosocomial infection of trauma patients during intensive care unit stay. Methods A retrospective study was carried out. A total of 1103 trauma patients admitted to the intensive care unit of five tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang Province in 2009 were reviewed. Demographic data, injury severity score and other variables related to the trauma services were collected. Univariate and multivariate analysis were processed to identify the independent risk factors of nosocomial infection in trauma patients during stay in intensive care unit. Results Overall, 171 patients( 15.5% )developed nosocomial infection during ICU stay. Of 1103 patients, 157 patients (14.2% ) died, and the 59 fatal patients were from infection group. The mortality rate in infection group was 34.7% , which was significantly higher than that in non - infection group (10.5% ). The independent risk factors of nosocomial infection in all the patients determined by using multivariate analysis included central venous monitoring, mechanical ventilation, age ≥65, the length of ICU stay > 14 days and injury severity score ≥ 16. For the severe trauma patients, central venous monitoring, mechanical ventilation, the length of ICU stay > 14 days were independent risk factors of nonsocomial infection. Conclusions The severity of injury, age, the length of ICU stay and invasive procedures were related to the nosocomial infection. To standardize the invasive procedures and to reduce the length of ICU stay may decrease the infection rate of trauma patients.

19.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 372-375, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415156

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression and influence to tumor angiogenesis of urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in esophageal carcinoma. Methods The expression of uPA and VEGF in the tissue of normal (18 cases) and esophageal carcinoma (68 cases) were evaluated by SP immunohistochemistry, CD34 was detected as marking tumor microvessel density (MVD). uPA and VEGF expression were assessed as to the pathologically biological features of esophageal cancer and to the influence to tumor angiogenesis. Results The positive rates of uPA were 27.8 % (5/18) and 70.6 % (48/68) in the tissue of normal and esophageal carcinoma, respectively, there was significant difference in two tissues (x2 =11.63, P 0.05), but associated with clinical stage, histologic grading and lymph node metastasis (P <0.05). Conclusion Rising expression levels of uPA and VEGF are common in esophageal carcinoma. Altered expression of uPA and VEGF may contribute to tumor angiogenesis of esophageal carcinoma, whose overexpression indicate worse prognosis.

20.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 297-301, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-414656

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore risk factors in the mortality of casualties and to find a way to improve trauma emergency service. Method The possible factors likely related to the mortality of casualties were taken into account based on each stage of trauma emergency so as to find the independent risk factors by using univariate and multivariate analyses. Results A total of 3 659 casualties were enrolled in this study.Of them, 226 casualties died and the mortality rate was 6.18%. Following factors were related to mortality after univariate analysis: age, cause of trauma, injury severity score, Glasgow come scale come on the scene, professional emergency treatment on the scene, intubation in the ambulance, debridement and hemostasis in the ambulance, low blood pressure at admission, closed drainage of pleural cavity, emergency operation, CVP monitoring in ICU and mechanical ventilation in ICU. After multivariate analysis, six factors were independently related to the mortality of casualties as follows: Glasgow coma scale, injury severity score, mechanical ventilation, blood pressure at admission, age and professional emergency treatment on the scene. Conclusions It has a great significance to investigate the risk factors of mortality for casualties. Severity of trauma and age were independently associated with the outcomes of trauma. Besides, improving prehospital care and stabilizing the trauma patients in early phase can further decrease the mortality.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL