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1.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 360-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the morbidity and risk factors of de novo malignancy after heart transplantation (HT).Methods:From June 2004 to August 2021, 995 patients undergoing HT were selected and followed up.The epidemiological characteristics, the morbidity of de novo malignancy (DNM) and its risk factors were examined.Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for calculating the cumulative incidence and mortality of DNM.Log rank test was utilized for comparing the survival rate of each subgroup.Cox regression model was employed for examining the relationship between the included factors and the endpoint of DNM.Results:The median follow-up period was 6.36(3.64, 10.18) years.Thirty-six patients (3.6%) developed DNM during follow-up.Lung cancer accounted for 22.2%(8/36) of DNM while digestive system tumors accounted for 38.9% (including gastric cancer 6/36, 16.7%; liver cancer 3/36, 8.3%; colon cancer 2/36, 5.6%). The cumulative morbidity of DNM at Year 1/5/10/15 post-HT was 0.1%, 2.3%, 4.9% and 7.6% respectively.The median survival time of DNM recipients was 83.32 months.The mean survival time was significantly lower than those without DNM[(115.32±13.12) vs.(194.22±2.58), P<0.001]. The mortality of DNM recipients was around 6.57 folds higher ( HR=6.57, 95% CI: 4.06-10.64, P<0.01). Age was an independent risk factor for an occurrence of DNM.Hypertension and diabetes were also correlated with DNM. Conclusions:DNM after HT is associated with shorter survival time.And age is an independent risk factor for DNM after HT.

2.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the incidence and long-term outcomes of postoperative renal dysfunction(RD) and explore the clinical predictors of postoperative RD to provide reference for preoperative evaluation and perioperative management of heart transplantation(HT).Methods:The relevant clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 1 095 HT recipients.They are grouped into two groups of RD(352 cases)and non-RD(normal, 743 cases)according to whether or not RD occurred after HT.Two groups are compared to explore the clinical predictors associated with postoperative RD.For further examining the prognostic impact of perioperative renal dysfunction, the recipients are assigned into four groups based upon perioperative renal function.The long-term outcomes of four groups are compared.Results:The median follow-up period is 5.6 years.Among 352 RD patients (32.1%), there are new-onset(276 cases, 25.2%), occurring during postoperative hospitalization (99, 28.1%)and post-discharge until Year 1(111 cases, 31.5%).Compared with normal group, RD group have advanced age, greater body mass index(BMI), higher preoperative serum creatinine, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, a higher ratio of male, diabetic history, preoperative RD, transplantation for previous graft failure, preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenerator(ECMO)and intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP); donors in this group had advanced age and higher ratio of male (all P<0.05).In terms of postoperative data, RD group had higher ratios of ECMO/IABP implantation, tracheostomy, infection, longer postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit(ICU)stay and in-hospital stay than normal group( P<0.05).Long-term survival of patients with postoperative RD is significantly lower than that with postoperative normal kidney function( P<0.01).Long-term survival rate of patients with preoperative RD is significantly lower than that of those without preoperative RD, regardless of whether or not kidney function normalized postoperatively; long-term survival rate of patients with postoperative new-onset RD is significantly lower than that in those with normal kidney function( P<0.01).Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD, postoperative cyclosporine dosing(versus tacrolimus)and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent risk factors of RD post-HT. Conclusions:RD occurs predominantly within the first year post-HT.Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent predictors of RD post-HT.The incidence of RD post-HT significantly affects perioperative and long-term survivals.

3.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 381-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979512

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To assess mid- and long-term outcomes and share our clinical method of reduction ascending aortoplasty (RAA) in adult patients undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR). Methods    We retrospectively analyzed clinical data of 41 adult patients with aortic valve disease and ascending aortic dilatation before and after operation of RAA+AVR in Fuwai Hospital from January 2010 to July 2017. There were 28 male and 13 female patients aged 28-76 (53.34±12.06) years. Twenty-three patients received AVR+RAA using the sandwich technique (a sandwich technique group), while other 18 patients received AVR+ascending aorta wrap (a wrapping technique group). Ascending aorta diameter (AAD) was measured by echocardiography or CT scan preoperatively and postoperatively. Results    There was no perioperative death. The mean preoperative AAD in the sandwich technique group and the wrapping technique group (47.04±3.44 mm vs. 46.67±2.83 mm, P=0.709) was not statistically different. The mean postoperative AAD (35.87±3.81 mm vs. 35.50±5.67 mm, P=0.804), and the mean AAD at the end of follow-up (41.26±6.54 mm vs. 38.28±4.79 mm, P=0.113) were also not statistically different between the two groups. There were statistical differences in AAD before, after operation and at follow-up in each group. All 41 patients were followed up for 23-108 (57.07±28.60) months, with a median follow-up of 51.00 months. Compared with that before discharge, the AAD growth rate at the last follow-up was –1.50-6.78 mm/year, with a median growth rate of 0.70 mm/year, and only 3 patients had an annual growth rate of above 3 mm/year. Conclusion    Mid- and long-term outcomes of RAA in adult patients undergoing AVR with both methods are satisfying and encouraging.

4.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 553-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978498

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of renal insufficiency before heart transplantation on perioperative death, complications and long-term survival, and to compare the differences between preoperative serum creatinine (Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preoperative risk assessment. Methods Clinical data of 1 095 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative Scr level, all recipients were divided into the Scr < 133 μmol/L(n=980), Scr 133-176 μmol/L (n=83) and Scr≥177 μmol/L groups (n=32). According to preoperative eGFR, all recipients were divided into eGFR≥90 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=436), eGFR 60-89 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=418) and eGFR < 60 mL/(min·1.73m2) groups (n=241). Clinical prognosis of postoperative renal function, perioperative and long-term outcomes of recipients were compared among different groups. The effect of eGFR and Scr level on renal function injury and long-term survival after heart transplantation was assessed. Results With the increase of preoperative Scr level, the proportion of recipients undergoing postoperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was increased, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative mechanical circulatory support was elevated, the incidence of postoperative complications was increased, the duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit(ICU) stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). With the decrease of preoperative eGFR, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative CRRT was increased, the proportion of recipients using postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) was elevated, the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Scr≥177 μmol/L was an independent risk factor for postoperative death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 3.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.89-6.99, P < 0.01]. Among different groups classified by Scr and eGFR, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative renal function injury and long-term survival rate were statistically significant among three groups (all P < 0.05). In patients with preoperative Scr < 133 μmol/L, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative long-term renal function injury was significantly increased with the decrease of preoperative eGFR (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative long-term survival rate among patients stratified by different eGFR (P > 0.05). Conclusions Renal insufficiency before heart transplantation is associated with poor perioperative and long-term prognosis. Preoperative Scr and eGFR are the independent risk factors for postoperative renal function injury. Scr yields low sensitivity in the assessment of preoperative renal function, whereas it has high accuracy in predicting perioperative death risk. And eGFR is a more sensitive parameter to evaluate preoperative renal function, which may identify early-stage renal functional abnormality and take effective measures during early stage to reduce adverse effect on prognosis.

5.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 249-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973496

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of using ultrasound to evaluate the internal mammary artery (IMA) and explore the related factors affecting the quality of IMA. Methods    From July 2020 to January 2021, for patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting at the Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Fuwai Hospital, ultrasound was applied to measure bilateral IMA at the parasternal second intercostal space. There were 62 males and 18 females with an average age of 59.9±8.3 years. The clinical data of the patients were recorded and analyzed. Results    A total of 160 IMA were measured. The IMA was detected in 99.4% (159/160), and the one that was not measured was proved to be occluded by enhanced CT. A total of 157 (98.1%) IMA intima were smooth, 2 (1.3%) were found to have uneven intimal thickening and less smooth, and only 1 (0.6%) was occluded. The intravascular diameter, peak systolic flow rate, peak diastolic flow rate, and blood flow rate of the left second intercostal IMA were 1.9±0.3 mm, 66.8±17.7 cm/s, 6.4 (0.0, 9.7) cm/s, 19.7±9.4 mL/min; and those of the right one were 2.1±0.3 mm, 69.7±18.5 cm/s, 6.0 (0.0, 9.2) cm/s and 22.8±11.5 mL/min, respectively. IMA vessel diameter and blood flow were greater on the right than those on the left side in the same individual (P<0.01). In univariate analysis, sex and body surface area were the factors that influenced the size of the IMA vessel among different individuals, and by linear regression analysis, the size of the IMA vessel was only related to body surface area among different individuals. On univariate analysis, diabetes mellitus was the only factor affecting IMA blood flow, with a mean reduction in blood flow of 18.4% (left) and 21.7% (right) in the diabetic group (P<0.05). Conclusion    Preoperative evaluation of the IMA using ultrasound over the parasternal second intercostal space is easy, noninvasive, and has a high success rate. The internal diameter of the IMA is positively correlated with body surface area, and blood flow is significantly reduced in patients with diabetes.

6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 93-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 614 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the ECMO group (n=43) and non-ECMO group (n=571) according to postoperative application of ECMO. In the ECMO group, the conditions of recipients undergoing ECMO after heart transplantation were summarized. Perioperative status and long-term prognosis of recipients were compared between two groups. Results Among 43 recipients undergoing ECMO, 17 cases underwent thoracotomy due to bleeding, 10 cases of infection, 4 cases of venous thrombosis of the lower limbs, and 1 case of stroke, respectively. Twenty-six recipients were recovered and discharged after successful weaning from ECMO, six died during ECMO support, six died after weaning from ECMO, five received retransplantation due to unsuccessful weaning from ECMO, and only one survived after retransplantation. Compared with the non-ECMO group, intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass duration was significantly longer, the proportion of recipients requiring postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), dialysis due to renal insufficiency, reoperation for hemostasis, infection, mechanical ventilation time≥96 h and tracheotomy was significantly higher, and the length of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantly longer in the ECMO group (all P < 0.05). The survival rate after discharge and 90-d survival rate in the ECMO group were 63% and 96%, significantly lower than 97% and 100% in the non-ECMO group (both P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the long-term survival rate in the ECMO group was significantly lower than that in the non-ECMO group (P < 0.05). After excluding the recipients who died within 90 d after heart transplantation, no significant difference was observed in the long-term survival rate (P > 0.05). Conclusions ECMO is an effective treatment of EAD after heart transplantation. The short-term survival rate of recipients using ECMO after heart transplantation is lower than that of those who do not use ECMO, and there is no significant difference in long-term survival of recipients surviving 90 d after heart transplantation.

7.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 718-722, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the case characteristics and outcomes of 12 idiopathic giant cell myocarditis(IGCM)cases after heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From June 2004 to May 2022, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 12 cases with pathologically confirm IGCM after HT at Fuwai Hospital.General characteristics, clinical manifestations, pathological examinations and postoperative follow-ups are recorded.Results:From June 2004 to May 2022, a total of 1 143 HT operations are performed at Fuwai Hospital and 12 cases of IGCM(1.05%)are confirmed by postoperative pathology.The age is(47.6±7.3)years.There are 5 boys and 7 girls.Initial presenting manifestations are congestive heart failure(7 cases, 58.3%)and arrhythmia(4 cases, 33.3%). Median time from symptom onset to HT is 6 months.All of them are undiagnosed pre-operation.And dilated cardiomyopathy(5 cases, 41.7%)and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy(3 cases, 25%)are confirmed.The follow-up period is(4~142)months post-HT.One death occurred during perioperative period and another is due to heart failure at 68 months post-HT.Only 1 case of grade 1R transplant heart rejection occurrs at 9 years post-HT and there is no case of recurrence.According to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, cumulative survival rates of 1/5/10 years post-HT in IGCM patients are 91.7%, 91.7% and 73.3% respectively.No significant difference exist in survival rate for other etiologies post-HT(Log-rank P=0.265). Conclusions:HT is efficacious for end-stage IGCM.Regular and sufficient postoperative immunosuppression is vital for preventing heart transplant rejection and recurrent IGCM.Most IGCM patients have a decent prognosis post-HT.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 206-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920850

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after heart transplantation and the effect on the long-term survival of recipients. Methods Clinical data of 1 006 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Of 48 CAV patients, 4 cases were not included in this analysis due to lack of imaging evidence. A total of 1 002 recipients were divided into the CAV group (n=44) and non-CAV group (n=958) according to the incidence of CAV. The incidence of CAV was summarized. Clinical data of all patients were statistically compared between two groups. Imaging diagnosis, coronary artery disease, drug treatment and complications, postoperative survival and causes of death of CAV patients were analyzed. Results Among 1 006 heart transplant recipients, 48 cases (4.77%) developed CAV. Compared with the non-CAV group, the proportion of preoperative smoking history, preoperative hypertension history, coronary artery disease and perioperative infection was significantly higher in the CAV group (all P < 0.05). Among 44 patients diagnosed with CAV by imaging examination, 24 cases were diagnosed with CAV by coronary CT angiography (CTA), 4 cases by coronary angiography (CAG), and 16 cases by coronary CTA combined with CAG. Among 44 patients, the proportion of grade Ⅰ CAV was 45% (20/44), 30% (13/44) for grade Ⅱ CAV and 25% (11/44) for grade Ⅲ CAV, respectively. All patients received long-term use of statins after operation, and 20 patients were given with antiplatelet drugs. Among 44 CAV patients, 11 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 6 cases received repeated heart transplantation, and 8 patients died. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the long-term survival rate between the CAV and non-CAV groups (P > 0.05), whereas the survival rate of patients tended to decline after the diagnosis of CAV (at postoperative 6-7 years). The long-term survival rates of patients with grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ CAV showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Even for patients with grade Ⅰ CAV, the long-term survival rate tended to decline. Conclusions CAV is a common and intractable complication following heart transplantation, and the long-term survival rate of patients after the diagnosis of CAV tended to decline. Deepening understanding of CAV, prompt prevention, diagnosis and treatment should be delivered to improve the long-term survival rate of patients after heart transplantation.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 450-2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881530

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the early outcomes of heart transplantation in critical patients and its significance in donor allocation decision. Methods Clinical data of 449 recipients undergoing heart transplantation were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative status, all patients were divided into the critical status group (n=64) and general status group (n=385). The incidence of critical status was summarized. Clinical data of recipients were statistically compared between two groups. Postoperative survival and causes of death in recipients between two groups were analyzed. Perioperative results of critical recipients undergoing different mechanical circulation support as a bridge to heart transplantation were compared. Results Critical patients accounted for 14.3% of the total number of transplant recipients. The proportion of critical patients gradually increased in recent 5 years. Compared with the general status group, the recipients in critical status group had a lower proportion of smoking history, a higher proportion of cardiac surgery history, a higher serum level of creatinine, and a higher proportion of primary diseases of heart failure before heart transplantation(all P≤0.01). The proportion of undergoing mechanical circulation support was higher, the incidence of complications was higher, the stay time in intensive care unit (ICU) was longer and the in-hospital fatality was higher after heart transplantation in the critical status group (all P≤0.01). The 1-year survival rate of recipients in critical status group was significantly lower than that in general status group (83% vs. 95%, P < 0.01). The fatality of recipients due to infection and multiple organ failure in critical status group was higher than that in general status group. Among 64 critical recipients, 1 recipient received ventilator alone, and 63 recipients underwent mechanical circulation support devices as a bridge to heart transplantation. Among them, intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) alone was applied in 49 cases (77%), 8 cases (13%) of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) combined with IABP, 4 cases (6%) of ECMO alone, and 2 cases (3%) of left ventricular assist device (LVAD) alone. Critical patients who received preoperative ECMO and ECMO combined with IABP bridging to heart transplantation have a higher proportion of postoperative complications, a longer ICU stay time, a longer mechanical ventilation time, and a higher proportion of hospital deaths. Conclusions The overall prognosis of critical patients undergoing heart transplantation is relatively poor. Effective preoperative management may reverse the high-risk status of critical patients in a certain extent. The limited quantity of donor heart should be allocated to the most urgent patients who can obtain the greatest benefit from heart transplantation.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 100-103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885318

ABSTRACT

Objective:To retrospectively analyze the data of patients undergoing extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) during perioperative period of cardiac transplantation and provide objective and reliable evidence for further clinical promotion.Methods:Collect the clinical data of patients undergoing heart transplantation and ECMO support in Fuwai Hospital, analyze the duration of ECMO support, combined use of aortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP), and complications during the supporting period. All statistical analyses were processed by SPSS 23.0 software. Independent sample Student's test was employed for normal distribution and Mann-Whitney U test for abormal distribution. χ2 or Fisher exact test was utilized for comparinge the classification data between groups. Results:All ECMO support models were intravenous-arterial ECMO (V-A ECMO). Eight patients successfully bridging heart transplantation through VA-ECMO. Sixty-one patients (89.7%) who had undergone cardiac transplantation were successfully weaned from ECMO while 48 patients (70.5%) survived and discharged. The most common complications during circulation support are bleeding, acute renal insufficiency, and pulmonary infection. Patients with ECMO support in the operating room had a better rate of survival and weaning off(95.6%, 84.4%) than those with ECMO at the bedside of ICU(72.2%, 27.8%).Conclusions:ECMO can provide adequate circulation and respiratory function support for heart transplant patients, and it is an indispensable treatment for patients to go through the perioperative period of heart transplant surgery smoothly. It is advocated to use IABP combined with ECMO in the early stage and at the same time to increase the perfusion of vital organs, improve the prognosis of patients and obtain good outcomes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 242-246, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870577

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of cold ischemia time (CIT) and donor age upon postoperative and long-term follow-ups of heart transplantation.Methods:A total of 761 patients underwent orthotopic heart transplantation from 2004 to 2018. According to the length of CIT, they were divided into group of >4 hours (n=502) and group of <4 hours (n=259). Each group was further divided into two subgroups according to the age of donors: group of <40 years and group of <40 years. The basic profiles of recipients and donors were recorded, including applying mechanical assistance during and after operation, postoperative mortality and follow-up survival rate.Results:The average age of donors was (31.1±8.6)(5-58) years and the average CIT (5.3±2.0)(1.0-12.0) hours. No significant difference existed in hospital mortality between CIT groups (3.5% vs 5.6%, P=0.22). In subgroup analysis, there was a significant increase (4.3% vs 12.0%, P=0.01) in subgroup with CIT >4 hours and higher donor age. No significant difference existed in the number of patients using mechanical assistance during or after operation. During follow-ups, no significant difference existed in survival rate between CIT groups ( P=0.97) or survival rate among subgroups. Conclusions:Long CIT has a more significant effect on postoperative mortality of heart donors. However, it does not significantly increase the proportion of mechanical assistance, follow-up mortality and the incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy.

12.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 982-986, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-870206

ABSTRACT

Objective:This observational study was aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of infective endocarditis (IE) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM).Methods:A total of 668 patients with IE, and 7 427 patients with HCM were treated in Fuwai Hospital from August 2006 to December 2018. Among them, 14 patients were diagnosed with HCM and IE. The clinical characteristics of these patients including clinical manifestations, pathogen distribution, echocardiography features, in-hospital treatment and outcomes were analyzed retrospectively.Results:The proportion of HCM patients with IE was 0.19%,with the estimated incidence of 0.15/1 000 person-years in HCM patients. Of the 14 patients, 11 patients were male. The most common clinical manifestations were fever and heart murmur, and the main complications were heart failure (12/14) and bacterial embolism (8/14). There were 8 cases (8/14) with positive blood culture, and all causative bacteria were gram positive coccus, in which 5/8 were Streptococcus. The median interventricular septum thickness was (21.2±2.7) mm, and left ventricular outflow obstruction was severe based on echocardiography (Echo) examination. The Echo showed that vegetation was found in all 14 patients and most of the vegetation attached at the anterior leaflet of mitral valve (12/14). The proportions of patients with circulatory embolism (8/14) and valve lesions (12/14) were relatively high. Most cases (10/14) were cured, especially those underwent cardiac surgery (8 cases). The rest 4 cases died with 2 in hospital and 2 after auto-discharge. Conclusions:HCM patients complicated with IE are rare. Septic embolization and valve lesions are common in these patients. IE patients with HCM might have a poor prognosis compared to those without HCM and should receive cardiac surgery as early as possible.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 813-818, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823430

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To summarize the clinical characteristics and the long-term results of pulmonary thromboendarterectomy (PTE) in the chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion. Methods    We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 15 CTEPH patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion in Fuwai Hospital between 2004 and 2018. There were 11 males and 4 females aged 34.1±12.0 years at operation. Results    The mean circulatory arrest was 31.1±12.1 minutes. The ICU stay was 5 (2-29) d. The hospital stay was 15 (8-29) d. There was no hospital death. There was a decline in systolic pulmonary artery pressures (sPAP, 69.9±27.9 mm Hg to 35.1±9.7 mm Hg, P=0.020) after surgery. On postoperative V/Q scan, only 6 patients (40.0%) had significant improvement in reperfusion (≥75% estimated) of the occluded lung. There was no death during the median observation period of 49 months follow-up, while 2 patients had recurrence of pulmonary embolism. Conclusion    CTEPH patients with unilateral main pulmonary artery occlusion represent a challenging cohort. PTE is a curative resolution in both early- and long- term results, although there is a high requirement of perioperative management and a high risk of postoperative complications and rethrombosis.

14.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 725-729, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745856

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of possible factors pre-operativly on recipient survival after heart transplantation among the dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) patients.Methods 394 DCM recipients went through heart transplantation from June 2004 to October 2017 in our center,and the pre-operative NT-proBNP levels and risk factors influencing the post-operational survival reported by ISHLT retrospectively were analyzed.Kaplan Meier method was used to calculate the 1-10 years survival rate of the DCM patients and analyze the clinical data of the recipients and the donors,and the ROC method was applied to find the cutoff point of every pre-operation event.The recipients were divided into two groups according to the cutoff point:<4 000 ng/L group (n =296) and ≥4 000 ng/ L group (n=73).COX regression curve was used to decide the hazard ratio and the Kaplan Meier curve was drawn.The result was verified by Log-rank.Results The cutoff point of the preoperative NT-proBNP level was 4000 ng/L.By analyzing the NT-proBNP levels between 2 groups,the relationship between them and the survival rate was acknowledged and the NT-proBNP level ≥4 000 ng/L was a risk factor (P =0.029,Kaplan Meier method).In the recipients whose pulmonary arterial systolic pressure (PASP) was more than 40 mmHg,the survival rate between <4 000 ng/L group (n =190) and ≥4 000 ng/L group (n =58)] showed significant difference (P =0.027),and there was no significant difference in the recipients whose PASP was less than 40 mmHg (P>0.05).Conclusion The 1-,3-,5-,7-,and 10-year survival rate in our patients was 97.2%,94.5%,91.9%,88.0% and 83.1 % respectively,which shows advantage over other international reports.The pre-operative NT-proBNP level ≥ 4 000 ng/L is a risk factor in the DCM patients who have pulmonary hypertension,so determination and dynamic monitoring of the pre-operative NT-proBNP level may be beneficial to the survival of cardiac transplantation,especially among the patients who have higher PASP level.

15.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 262-266, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621458

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of CYP3A5 genetic polymorphisms on tacrolimus (Tac) concentration/dosing and other clinical outcomes in a pilot cohort of 113 Chinese HTx recipients.Methods Association between CYP3A5 genetic variants and blood dose-adjusted trough concentrations (C0/D) of Tac at 1st month at the beginning of the immunosuppressive therapy was evaluated in cohorts of 113 patients,then at 1st,3rd,6th,and 12th months after transplantation in 41 patients who received Tac-based immunosuppressive therapy and never changed within one year after transplantation,respectively.In addition,we also evaluated the association between CYP3A5 genetic variants and other clinical outcomes,such as the classifications of endomyocardial biopsy and longterm prognosis.Results The CYP3A5 wild homozygote (* 1/* 1),mutant homozygote (* 3/* 3),and mutant heterozygote (* 1/* 3) occurred in 5,34 and 74 recipients respectively.The gene mutation rate of CYP3A5 in this cohort of Chinese HTx recipients was 80.5 % and the homozygous proportion was 65.5%.Compared with CYP3A5 expressors (* 1/* 1 or * 1/* 3),CYP3A5 nonexpressors (* 3/* 3) had a higher Tac C0/D at 1st month (47.34 ± 11.40 vs.116.11 ± 42.40 vs.293.70 ± 171.20,P =0.000),as well as other studied time points (3rd month:98.32 ± 39.43 vs.292.07 ± 141.08,P=0.003;6th month:90.00 ± 21.31 vs.341.68 ± 165.02,P =0.002;and 12th month:96.02 ± 29.33 vs.339.23 ± 162.30,P =0.018);and might have a lower classification of endomyocardial biopsy at 1st month (1.43 ± 0.73 vs.1.50 ± 0.58,P =0.867),3rd month (1.55 ±1.00 vs.2.00 ± 1.73,P =0.512),and 6th month (1.36 ± 0.84 vs.2.33 ± 1.53,P =0.132);as well as a higher mortality due to acute organ rejection (10% vs.0,P =0.244) and all-cause mortality (20% vs.9.7%,P =0.580).Conclusion In Chinese HTx recipients,the frequency of this * 3 allele is lower than that has been reported in the white population.The determinations of CYP3A5 genetypes in heart transplant recipients are helpful to guide the individualized Tac regimens.

16.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 257-261, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-621386

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect of de novo donor-specific antigen (DSA) on transplant heart function and recipient survival after heart transplantation.Methods 195 recipients went through heart transplantion from March 2013 to January 2016 in our center,13 patients with preoperative panel reactive antibody (PRA) and 10 patients suffered from in-hospital death were exclude from this study,and the actual number of patients enrolled in this study was 172.By detecting HLA typing and DSA,recipients were divided into DSA positive group,anti-HLA antigen positive but DSA negative group (DSA negative group) and anti-HLA negative group.Cardiac dysfunction,coronary heart disease and cardiovascular death were recorded as cardiac events during the follow-up period.By analyzing the cardiac events rate among 3 groups,the relationship between DSA and cardiac events was acknowledged.Results The mean follow-up period of all patients was (1.3 ± 0.8) years.Among 172 patients,6 were positive for DSA (3.4%).In the DSA positive group,66% of DSA were directed at HLA Ⅱ,mainly against HLA-DQ,1 developed only anti-HLA I antibody,1 developed both anti-HLA Ⅰ and Ⅱ antibody.The median developing time of DSA was (256 ± 125) days,and the distribution was centralized in the first half year.84% of patients in DSA positive group were witnessed cardiac events.One patient was diagnosed as coronary heart disease and received PCI at 145th days after DSA was developed.Four out of 6 patients experienced cardiac dysfunction with median developing time of (54 ± 13) days,and the cardiac function restored after treatment with immunosuppression modification,high-dose glucocorticoid and IVIG.In the DSA negative PRA positive group,the incidence of cardiac events was 13%.There was one cardiovascular death,and 2 cases of cardiac dysfunction.In the HLA antigen negative group,the incidence of cardiac events was 4%.Cox regression analysis revealed that DSA could be seen as an independent risk factor in leading to cardiac events and affecting mid-long term survival of recipients (P =0.02).Significant difference was observed in Kaplan-Meier analysis among 3 groups (P<0.001).Conclusion DSA has strong impact on outcome after heart transplantation.Routine surveillance and appropriate treatment should be attached to DSA.

17.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 480-484, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-616017

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the peri-operative management experience of pulmonary endarterectomy (PEA) in patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Methods: A total of 56 CTEPH patients received PEA in our hospital from 2015-01 to 2016-11 were retrospectively analyzed. Our study was focused on the medication in respiratory and circulatory system during ICU stay, peri-operative application of vasoactive drug and target drug to pulmonary hypertension (HP), usage of ventilators, mechanical assisted devices and other management experiences. Results: No peri-operative death occurred. There were 2/56 (3.6%) patients with lung reperfusion, 2 (3.6%) with PH crisis. Compared with pre-operation, the post-operative pulmonary artery hemodynamics parameters were improved as right heart catheter measured pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) decreased from (85.05±22.40) mmHg to (36.83 ±17.21) mmHg and pulmonary vascular resistance decreased from (773.84±342.95) dyn·s·cm-5 to (293.59±214.95) dyn·s·cm-5. Post-operative oxygen saturation was maintained at (95-100) % in all patients. Echocardiography found that PASP from pre-operation (85.03±25.78) mmHg decreased to (39.44±19.24) mmHg at follow-up period, P<0.01.Conclusion: A comprehensive peri-operative management of PEA was helpful to improve pulmonary hemodynamics in CTEPH patients; meanwhile, effective prevention and treatment of severe complication could obviously reduce peri-operative mortality.

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Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 457-459, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-502086

ABSTRACT

Objective To review the experience of the surgical treatment of adult patients with anomalous left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery(ALCAPA).Methods A retrospective,single institution review was conducted on nineteen adult patients with ALCAPA surgical treatment from February 2006 to October 2012.Of these patients,five were males and fourteen were females.The age was(35.3 ± 11.7) years.The weight was (61.2 ± 9.4) kg.Most patients showed some evidence of myocardial infarction or ischemia with either abnormal Q waves (4) or ST-T abnormality (13).Twelve patients with coronary angiography and four patients with coronary CT scan showed good coronary collateralization.The preoperative UCG showed the mean left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) was 0.60 ± 0.07,and the mean left ventricular end-diastolic dimension(LVEDD) was(52.4 ± 4.4) mm.Severe mitral regurgitation(MR) was seen in two patients,moderate in three patients and mild in four patients.The operative procedures included Takeuchi operation in seven patients,ligation of left coronary artery concomitant with coronary artery bypass graft in two patients,coronary artery re-implantation in ten patients.Of the ten patients with coronary artery re-implantation,two patients underwent mitral valve repair.Results There was no operative mortality.The mean cardiopulmonary bypass time was (144.5 ± 66.9) min and cross-clamp time was (96.4 ± 38.8) min,respectively.The mean mechanical ventilation time was(12.9 ± 3.7) h and intensive care unit time was(39.2 ± 12.5) h,respectively.The mean postoperative LVEF was 0.62 ± 0.04.No significant reduction in LVEDD (45.8 ± 5.5) mm,P > 0.05.Mild and trivial MR were observed in one and four patients,respectively.Sixteen patients(84.2%) completed the follow up with a mean time of 19.2 months.All the patients survived with New York Heart Association class Ⅰ or Ⅱ.During the follow up period,no patient required reoperation or readmission.At the latest echocardiography,the mean LVEF of 0.63 ± 0.05 and mean LVEDD of(49.2 ± 4.6) mm did not significantly improved compared with the data preoperatively or postoperatively.Mild MR was detected in six patients,trivial in three patients during the follow-up period.Conclusion The adult patients with ALCAPA have a dormant disease process.Surgical treatment has been recommended at the time of diagnosis and the coronary re-implantation could be the first choice.As for the concomitant MR,the guideline for the adult MR should be followed.

19.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 467-469, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500706

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate clinical results of endoscopic vein harvesting(EVH) in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG).Methods From July 2013 to October 2014,500 patients who underwent isolate CABG in our institution were divided into two groups:EVH group (n =250) and open vein harvesting(OVH) group(n =250).The surgical result and perioperative complications were compared between the two groups.Results The procedures were completed successfully in all the patients in both groups.There was no significant difference existed in the length of the harvested vein and vein injury between the two groups(P > 0.05).Similar results were obtained in the in-hospital mortality.Compared to group OVH,group EVH showed significantly shorter harvesting time,smaller incision,and lower rates of perioperative leg complications (P < 0.01).Group EVH had a less bed staying time after operation and a shorter post-operation hospital stay (P < 0.05).EVH group achieved an improved patient satisfaction and postoperative pain when compared with OVH in CABG(P <0.05).Conclusion EVH can provide adequate vein graft for CABG,and also significantly reduce wound related complications when compared with OVH.EVH is recommended for vein harvesting to improve patient satisfaction.

20.
Chinese Circulation Journal ; (12): 578-582, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-497288

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the mid-term effect of modified extended Morrow procedure in patients with hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) combining sub aortic valve obstruction and mid left ventricular obstruction. Methods: We studied 34 consecutive HOCM patients with sub aortic and midventricular obstruction who received modiifed extended Morrow procedure with extracorporeal circulation in our hospital from 1996-11 to 2015-01. Transthoracic echocardiography was conducted at pre-, post-operation and follow-up period to evaluate the changes of mid-ventricular gradient, subarctic gradient and each heart valve function. Results: The average follow-up time was (25.7 ± 14.9) months, 2 patients lost contact and no death occurred. In rest 32 patients, the mid ventricular gradient decreased from (60.3 ± 29.4) mmHg to (21.0 ± 19.8) mmHg, subaortic valve gradient decreased from (77.9 ± 26.2) mmHg to (11.6 ± 6.5) mmHg, the maximum ventricular septal thickness dropped from (25.2 ± 4.9) mm to (17.9 ± 7.2) mm, left atrial diameter reduced from (41.1 ± 7.8) mm to (37.6 ± 6.4) mm, left ventricular end-diastolic diameter increased from (39.8 ± 5.1) mm to (42.2 ± 4.3) mm, allP<0.05; there were 5 patients without obviously improved mid ventricular gradient because of insufifcient resection of septal myocardium in mid-ventricle. The post-operative NYHA classiifcation was improved,P<0.01, mitral valve regurgitation degree was decreased,P<0.01 and SAM phenomenon was disappeared. Complications included 3 (8.8%) patients of III atrio-ventricular block, 1 (2.9%) patient of re-admission due to poorly healed sternum combining pneumonia Conclusion: Modified extended Morrow procedure may relieve sub aortic valve and mid ventricular obstruction, therefore improve left ventricular diastolic function and prognosis in relevant patients.

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