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1.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 845-854, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010221

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The optimal apolipoprotein or lipid measures for identifying statin-treated patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) at residual cardiovascular risk remain controversial. This study aimed to compare the predictive powers of apolipoprotein B (apoB), non-high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (non-HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apoB/apolipoprotein A-1 (apoA-1) and non-HDL-C/HDL-C for myocardial infarction (MI) in CAD patients treated with statins in the setting of secondary prevention.@*METHODS@#The study included 9191 statin-treated CAD patients with a five-year median follow-up. All measures were analyzed as continuous variables and concordance/discordance groups by medians. The hazard ratio (HR) with 95% CI was estimated by Cox proportional hazards regression. Patients were classified by the clinical presentation of CAD for further analysis.@*RESULTS@#The high-apoB-low-LDL-C and the high-non-HDL-C-low-LDL-C categories yielded HR of 1.40 (95% CI: 1.04-1.88) and 1.51 (95% CI: 1.07-2.13) for MI, respectively, whereas discordant high LDL-C with low apoB or non-HDL-C was not associated with the risk of MI. No association of MI with discordant apoB versus non-HDL-C, apoB/apoA-1 versus apoB, non-HDL-C/HDL-C versus non-HDL-C, or apoB/apoA-1 versus non-HDL-C/HDL-C was observed. Similar patterns were found in patients with acute coronary syndrome. In contrast, no association was observed between any concordance/discordance category and the risk of MI in patients with chronic coronary syndrome.@*CONCLUSIONS@#ApoB and non-HDL-C better predict MI in statin-treated CAD patients than LDL-C, especially in patients with acute coronary syndrome. ApoB/apoA-1 and non-HDL-C/HDL-C show no superiority to apoB and non-HDL-C for predicting MI.

2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 322-330, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970070

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There are few data comparing clinical outcomes of complex percutaneous coronary intervention (CPCI) when using biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) or second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DES). The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of BP-DES and compare that with DP-DES in patients with and without CPCI during a 5-year follow-up.@*METHODS@#Patients who exclusively underwent BP-DES or DP-DES implantation in 2013 at Fuwai Hospital were consecutively enrolled and stratified into two categories based on CPCI presence or absence. CPCI included at least one of the following features: unprotected left main lesion, ≥2 lesions treated, ≥2 stents implanted, total stent length >40 mm, moderate-to-severe calcified lesion, chronic total occlusion, or bifurcated target lesion. The primary endpoint was major adverse cardiac events (MACE) including all-cause death, recurrent myocardial infarction, and total coronary revascularization (target lesion revascularization, target vessel revascularization [TVR], and non-TVR) during the 5-year follow-up. The secondary endpoint was total coronary revascularization.@*RESULTS@#Among the 7712 patients included, 4882 (63.3%) underwent CPCI. Compared with non-CPCI patients, CPCI patients had higher 2- and 5-year incidences of MACE and total coronary revascularization. Following multivariable adjustment including stent type, CPCI was an independent predictor of MACE (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR]: 1.151; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.017-1.303, P  = 0.026) and total coronary revascularization (aHR: 1.199; 95% CI: 1.037-1.388, P  = 0.014) at 5 years. The results were consistent at the 2-year endpoints. In patients with CPCI, BP-DES use was associated with significantly higher MACE rates at 5 years (aHR: 1.256; 95% CI: 1.078-1.462, P  = 0.003) and total coronary revascularization (aHR: 1.257; 95% CI: 1.052-1.502, P  = 0.012) compared with that of DP-DES, but there was a similar risk at 2 years. However, BP-DES had comparable safety and efficacy profiles including MACE and total coronary revascularization compared with DP-DES in patients with non-CPCI at 2 and 5 years.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Patients underwent CPCI remained at a higher risk of mid- to long-term adverse events regardless of the stent type. The effect of BP-DES compared with DP-DES on outcomes was similar in CPCI and non-CPCI patients at 2 years but had inconsistent effects at the 5-year clinical endpoints.


Subject(s)
Humans , Drug-Eluting Stents/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction/complications , Polymers/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects , Absorbable Implants , Prosthesis Design
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 143-150, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and long-term prognostic factors of diabetic patients with low or intermediate complexity coronary artery disease (CAD) post percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: This was a prospective, single-centre observational study. Consecutive diabetic patients with SYNTAX score (SS)≤32 undergoing PCI between January and December 2013 in Fuwai hospital were included in this analysis. The patients were divided into two groups based on SS, namely SS≤22 group and SS 23-32 group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to identify independent factors related to poor 5-year prognosis. The primary outcomes were cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction, the secondary outcomes were all cause death and revascularization. Results: Of the 3 899 patients included in the study, 2 888 were men (74.1%); mean age was 59.4±9.8 years. There were 3 450 patients in the SS≤22 group and 449 patients in the SS 23-32 group. Compared with SS≤22 group, the incidence of revascularization was higher in SS 23-32 group (18.9% (85/449) vs. 15.2% (524/3450), log-rank P=0.019). There was no significant difference in all-cause death, cardiac death and recurrent myocardial infarction between the two groups (log-rank P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that age (HR=1.05, 95%CI 1.02-1.08, P<0.001), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (HR=3.12, 95%CI 1.37-7.07, P=0.007) and creatinine clearance rate (CCr)<60 ml/min (HR=3.67, 95%CI 2.05-6.58, P<0.001) were independent risk factors for 5-year cardiac death, while left ventricular ejection fraction (HR=0.94, 95%CI 0.91-0.96, P<0.001) was a protective factor. Previous PCI (HR=2.04, 95%CI 1.38-3.00, P<0.001), blood glucose level≥11.1 mmol/L on admission (HR=2.49, 95%CI 1.32-4.70, P=0.005) and CCr<60 ml/min (HR=1.85, 95%CI 1.14-2.99, P=0.012) were independent risk factors for 5-year recurrent myocardial infarction. The SS of 23-32 was independently associated with risk of revascularization (HR=1.54, 95%CI 1.09-2.16, P=0.014), after adjusting for residual SS. Residual SS was not a risk factor for 5-year prognosis. Conclusions: In diabetic patients with low-or intermediate complexity CAD, SS 23-32 is associated with increased risk of 5-year revascularization; the clinical characteristics of the patients are associated with the long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction, but not related to revascularization.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/surgery , Stroke Volume , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left , Prognosis , Risk Factors , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus
4.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 160-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004864

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To evaluate the application value of nucleic acid testing (NAT) by studying the NAT-yield of syphilis screening reactive blood from five blood centers. 【Methods】 The blood samples and demographic information of syphilis screening positive donors were collected from five domestic blood centers, i. e. Chongqing, Guangxi, Luoyang, Liuzhou, Mianyang and Urumqi. The treponema pallidum particle agglutination (TPPA) and the established SYBR Green qPCR method were used to analyze the difference between the results of NAT and the other two test results. 【Results】 Among 1 679 reactive blood samples for syphilis screening, 819 were confirmed positive by TPPA, accounting for 49%, with the false positive rate exceeded 50%. As to NAT results, the NAT-yield of syphilis screening reactive samples and confirmed positive samples was the same (both 2.20%); the NAT-yield of TPPA-positive and TPPA-negative samples were 2.20% and 2.74%, respectively. 【Conclusion】 Primary syphilis screening by ELISA has high sensitivity, but also presents high false positive rate. Although TPPA confirmatory test has strong specificity, it cannot reflect the existence of T. pallidum. Therefore, NAT may be used as a supplementary test for syphilis screening so as to more effectively ensure the safety of blood transfusion and blood supply.

5.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 388-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004833

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the influence of common methods of reducing non-viral nucleic acid on the abundance of plasma virus group. 【Methods】 Three kinds of library construction, five kinds of centrifugation conditions, two kinds of filters, four kinds of enzymes and four concentrations of chloroform were used to treat plasma samples added quantitatively 2.16 mL of pseudorabies virus(PRV) and 2.16 mL of porcine parvovirus(PPV). A total of 21.6 mL of plasma samples were processed, including 54 samples. Subsequently, nucleic acid was extracted, mitochondrial DNA(mtDNA) and two viruses were quantitated, the library of the next generation sequencing was constructed, Illumina NovaSeq 6000 was used for the next generation sequencing. The sequencing data were compared with Kraken Py 2.0 software, and the species annotation analysis was conducted. The corresponding species classification information of each segment was obtained to analyze the impact of different reducing non-viral nucleic acid methods on the relative abundance of microorganisms and two indicator viruses. 【Results】 After sequencing by Illumina NovaSeq 6000, 306.27 GB raw data and 193.17 GB clean data were obtained, with Q20>90%, Q30>85%, Error Rate of 0.03%, and average GC Content of 45.02%. The DNA library construction process significantly increased the proportion of microbial sequences and the PRV abundance [(91.8±0.5)%](P<0.05); RNA library construction and combined library construction can increase the abundance of Pestivirus, an RNA virus, and the PRV abundance was(17.7±3.3)% and(8.1±1.5)% respectively. The Ct value of mtDNA was increased and the proportion of human sequence decreased to less than(89.5±1)%, while the proportion of microbial sequence increased to (2.4±0.03)% after treatment of five centrifugation conditions(P<0.05); After centrifugation at 4℃, 100 g, 30 min, the PRV abundance was increased to (40.6±6)%, and centrifugation at 4℃, 4 000 g, 45 min reduced the PRV abundance to (4.1±0.01)%(P<0.05). Both of 0.22-μm filter and 0.45-μm filter increased the Ct value of mtDNA to above 25.56±0.13, decreased the proportion of human sequence to less than (86.1±0.6)%, increased the proportion of microbial sequence to (3.1±0.1)% and (3.4±0.2)%, and decreased the PRV abundance to (1.6±0.3)% and (4.1±0.7)%(P<0.05), while there was no statistical difference in the effect on PPV concentration and abundance. DNase Ⅰ and Benzonase increased the Ct value of PPV to 25.65±0.06 and 25.36±0.45, decreased the proportion of human sequence to (81.7±5.6)% and (72.8±6.7)%, and increased the proportion of microbial sequence and PRV abundance to (11.0±4.1)% and (16.1±4.7)%, (55.8±2.3)% and (39.0±8.9)%, respectively(P<0 05); After treatment with RNase A, the Ct value of PRV increased to 25.20±0.11, and the human sequence proportion decreased to (85.4±5.6)%(P<0 05); Lysozyme had no effect on removing non-viral nucleic acid. The chloroform of 1%, 5%, 10% and 20% increased Ct value of PRV and mtDNA to no less than 27.17±0.21 and 25.68±0.04; Only 10% chloroform increased the proportion of microbial sequences to (3.1±1.2)%(P<0.05); The abundance of PRV with 1% and 5% chloroform treatment was increased to (48.7±13.3)% and (42.1±5.5)%(P<0.05), while 10% and 20% chloroform reduced PRV abundance to (1.0±0.5)% and (3.4±2.8)%(P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in the effect of chloroform with four contents on PPV abundance. 【Conclusion】 Centrifugation at 4℃, 5 000 g, 10 min is suitable for increasing the overall abundance of virus, and centrifugation at 4℃, 100 g, 30 min is suitable for increasing the content of virus similar to PRV. 0.45-μm filter, DNase Ⅰ, Benzonase and low concentration chloroform can effectively reduce the proportion of non-viral nucleic acid sequence in plasma to increase the abundance of the indicated virus group. Thus, the enrichment effect of plasma meta-virome is closely related to the nature of the virus, and the appropriate virus enrichment method should be selected according to the research purpose to establish the corresponding enrichment strategy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 978-986, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004683

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the composition of culturable bacteria in platelets through bacterial culturomics and verify the results of culturomics and metagenomics to improve the detection rate of bacteria in platelets. 【Methods】 Platelet samples from 6 healthy people were collected. Eight kinds of culture media were placed in aerobic conditions and 12 kinds of culture media were placed in anaerobic conditions for large-scale culture and isolation of bacteria in platelets. The isolated single colony was identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The bacterial abundance of healthy human platelet microbiome was analyzed by metagenomic sequencing, and the cultivable bacterial species in platelets was confirmed based on metagenomic and culturomics results. 【Results】 A total of 90 strains of bacteria belonging to 3 phylums, 5 classes, 5 orders, 7 families, 9 genus and 23 species were isolated from 6 platelet samples by culturomics. Among them, the strains with more monoclonal clones at the species level were Brevundimonas aurantiaca (16.7%), Bacillus sp. Y1 (15.6%), Cutibacterium acnes (14.4%) and Brevibacillus brevis (13.3%). The platelet samples sequenced by mNGS showed that the abundance values of Proteobacteria, Firmicutes and Actinobacteria were high. The bacteria detected by both culturomics and metagenomic sequencing methods were as follows: Firmicutes: Bacillus sp. Y1, B. thuringiensis, B. cereus, B. mobilis, B. velezensis, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Brevibacillus brevis; Actinobacteria: Cutibacterium acnes; Proteobacteria: Escherichia coli and Delftia tsuruhatensis. 【Conclusion】 The mutual validation of culturomics and metagenomics has identified some bacteria, proving that bacteria exist in platelets.

7.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 494-500, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004240

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the effectiveness of multilink real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qPCR) in the detection of common pathogens in transplantation. 【Methods】 The primers of the qPCR detection system were designed for 24 common infectious pathogens after clinical transplantation, and the standard plasmids of each pathogen were used to verify the qPCR reaction.After the primer probe effect and concentration of each pathogen reaction system in this experiment was optimized, the sensitivity, correlation coefficient (R2) and amplification efficiency (E) of qPCR method were analyzed and confirmed.Twenty-two samples from patients, who underwent liver and kidney transplantation in transplant ICU of Sichuan Provincial People′s Hospital, were used to verify the application of the detection system.The total nucleic acid of 100 μL was extracted from each individual and divided into two aliquots, which were detected by multi-link qPCR reaction system and analyzed by high-throughput sequencing method (NGS). At the same time, samples (2 mL each) were taken from the transplanted patients for microbial culture.The results of the three detection methods were compared, and the NGS method was taken as the gold standard to analyze the positive detection rate of the multi-link qPCR method and its difference with the culture method and NGS. 【Results】 The lower limit of qPCR detection for 24 pathogens in the established qPCR detection system was 101cp/μL(R2>0.99), with the positive rate of pathogens at 59.1% (13/22), showing significant difference versus microbial culture (18.2%, 4/22)(P<0.05), but not versus NGS (63.6%, 14/22)(P>0.05). Percentage of pathogens detected was as follows: human herpetic virus type 6 (HHV-6) 30.8% (4/13), cytomegalovirus (HCMV) 23.1% (3/13), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) 23.1% (3/13), human parvovirus B19 15.4% (2/13), Haemophilus influenzae (Hin) 15.4% (2/13), Enterococcus faecium (EFM) 15.4% (2/13), Clostridium difficile 15.4% (2/13), Escherichia coli 7.7% (1/13), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (Sma) 7.7% (1/13), Klebsiella pneumoniae (Kpn) 7.7% (1/13), Enterococcus faecalis (Efa) 7.7% (1/13) and Streptococcus pneumoniae (Spn) 7.7% (1/13). The consistency rate of pathogens detected by the three methods was 32% (7/22), among which the consistency rate of multi-link qPCR with NGS method was 59% (13/22), and multi-link qPCR with microbial culture was 41% (9/22). 【Conclusion】 Compared with the microbial culture, the multi-link qPCR method demonstrated high sensitivity, accurate quantification, short time and low cost for the detection of common pathogens in clinical transplantation.Multi-link qPCR combined with NGS and microbial culture is helpful to quickly predict the pathogen infection status of patients after transplantation.

8.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 1251-1255, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004102

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To investigate the distribution of Hepatitis B virus(HBV)genotypes and the genetic characteristics of genotype B HBV populations among voluntary blood donors in five regions of China. 【Methods】 A total number of 630 plasma samples from blood donors with positive HBV HBsAg neutralization test from 2014 to 2016 in Guangxi Blood Center, Chongqing Blood Center, Urumqi Blood Center, Mianyang Central Blood Station and Luoyang Central Blood Station were collected. The S-region sequence of the HBV genome was amplified by semi-nested PCR and followed with Sanger sequencing in order to investigate the HBV genotype distribution and population genetics. 【Results】 Among the voluntary blood donors in five regions, 55 cases of HBV S gene fragments were successfully amplified. Three genotypes were found in HBV typing, including 46 cases of type B(83.64%), 7 cases of type C(12.73%) and 2 cases of type D(3.63%). There were 15 cases of type B and 3 cases of type C in Guangxi; 10 cases of type B and 1 case of type C in Chongqing; 3 cases of type B, 1 case of type C and 1 case of type D in Luoyang; 15 cases of type B in Mianyang; 3 cases of type B, 2 cases of type C and 1 case of type D in Urumqi. The mismatch distribution of the HBVB type population with the largest population number showed a unimodal distribution, and the results of Tajima′s D test and Fu′s Fs test were both negative, indicating that the HBV population in these five regions was expanding. 【Conclusion】 The prevalent genotype of HBV in voluntary blood donors is type B, and the type B HBV population is experiencing a slow expansion, which should attract our attention. In the future, a thorough molecular epidemiological investigation of HBV should be carried out to ensure blood safety.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 745-752, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927958

ABSTRACT

The present study analyzed the correlations between curcumin(Cur), nuclear factor E2 related factor 2(NRF2)-dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase(DDAH)-asymmetric dimethylarginine(ADMA)-nitric oxide(NO) pathway, and endothelial-mesenchymal transition(EndMT) based on SD rats with cardiac fibrosis, and explored the effect and mechanism of Cur in resisting cardiac fibrosis to provide an in-depth theoretical basis for its clinical application in the treatment of heart failure. The cardiac fibrosis model was induced by subcutaneous injection of isoprenaline(Iso) in rats. Thirty-two rats were randomly divided into a control group, a model group, a low-dose Cur group(100 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), and a high-dose Cur group(200 mg·kg~(-1)·d~(-1)), with eight in each group. After 21 days of treatment, cardiac function was detected by echocardiography, degree of cardiac fibrosis by Masson staining, expression of CD31 and α-SMA by pathological staining, expression of VE-cadherin, vimentin, NRF2, and DDAH by Western blot, and ADMA level by HPLC. Compared with the model group, the Cur groups showed alleviated cardiac fibrosis, accompanied by increased CD31 and VE-cadherin expression and decreased α-SMA and vimentin expression, indicating relieved EndMT. Additionally, DDAH and NRF2 levels were elevated and ADMA and NO expression declined. Cur improves cardiac fibrosis by inhibiting EndMT presumedly through the NRF2-DDAH-ADMA-NO pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Amidohydrolases/metabolism , Curcumin , Fibrosis , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1455-1460, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906592

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To explore risk factors associated with mortality and restenosis after the surgery for congenital pulmonary venous stenosis (CPVS) combined with congenital heart disease. Methods    From May 2007 to August 2019, 58 patients received surgical relief of CPVS combined with congenital heart disease, including 24 males and 34 females, aged 17.2±26.3 months, weighing 8.8±8.2 kg. Endpoints were death and restenosis, and the risk factors were analyzed. A univariate and multivariate risk analyses were performed. Results    Preoperative pulmonary venous stenosis severity score (PVSSS) was 4.5±2.7. Average pulmonary vein counts with CPVS was 1.9±1.0. There were 2 (3.4%) early deaths. The mean follow-up time was 2-145 (49.8±40.0) months. The 1-, 2-, 3- and 5-year overall survival rates were 86.7%, 81.3%, 78.5% and 73.6%, respectively, and the pulmonary venous restenosis-free rates were 79.6%, 68.5%, 68.5% and 68.5%, respectively. Preterm birth was an independent risk factor for mortality. The pulmonary venous peak flow rate ≥ 1.2 m/s at discharge was an independent risk factor for mortality and restenosis. Conclusion    The prognosis of CPVS is still poor. Postoperative residual stenosis at discharge is an independent risk factor for death and restenosis.

11.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 174-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901602

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study investigated the relative incidence of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and long-term outcomes between iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) and low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 9,431 patients receiving elective PCI were enrolled in the cohort. The patients were divided into IOCM group and LOCM group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to minimize the selection bias between groups. @*Results@#The multivariate analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the CIN incidence (odds ratio [OR], 0.912; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.576–1.446; p=0.696). After PSM, the incidence of CIN was 1.5% and 4.0% in IOCM group (n=979) and LOCM group (n=979), respectively, p=0.001. IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN compared with LOCM (OR, 0.393; 95% CI, 0.214–0.722; p=0.003). After 2 years of follow-up, the all-cause mortality was higher in IOCM group than LOCM group (2.1% vs. 0.9%, p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed IOCM was not independent risk factor of 2-years all-cause mortality (OR, 0.849; 95% CI, 0.510–1.412; p=0.528). After PSM, the difference of all-cause death between groups disappeared (1.7% vs. 1.9%, p=0.739). Cox regression analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the incidence of 2-year all-cause mortality (OR, 1.037; 95% CI, 0.534–2.014; p=0.915). @*Conclusions@#Compared with LOCM, IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN after elective PCI, but had no significant effect on 2-year all-cause mortality.

12.
Chinese Journal of Blood Transfusion ; (12): 440-446, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004578

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To analyze the metagenomics and microbiology of voluntary blood donors in China, so as to assess the potential threats of emerging infectious diseases to the safety of blood transfusion. 【Methods】 12 300 plasma samples (10 mL each) collected by central blood stations in Chongqing, Liuzhou, Urumqi, Mianyang, Wuhan, Nanjing, Mudanjiang, and Dehong Prefecture area from 2012 to 2018 were subjected to total DNA extraction after ultracentrifugation (32 000 rpm/min, centrifugal radius 91.9 mm) in minipools of 160 donations. The metagenomic library was constructed, and deep sequencing was conducted by Illumina Hiseq 4 500. By comparing with reference sequences of bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses, metagenomic data were analyzed, classification of microbes were identified, and potentially harmful pathogens were evaluated. 【Results】 A total of 632 GB clean data were obtained by deep sequencing, and the top three pathogens were Pseudomonas(0.561 1%), Burkholderia(0.468 7%) and Serratia(4.242 0%). Pathogens with potential threat which could be transmitted by blood transfusion or blood products were found, such as human parvovirus B19(0.126 6%), Leishmania spp(1.348 5%) and Toxoplasma gondii(0.615 8%). 【Conclusion】 Our study analyzed metagenomics of voluntary blood donors in parts of China and revealed pathogens that may cause potential harm to blood safety, which were helpful for targeted prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1130-1132, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-886868

ABSTRACT

@#We reported a case of a six-year-old boy diagnosed of single ventricle, pulmonary atresia and interrupted inferior vena cava. After modified Blalock-Taussig shunt and bidirectional Glenn procedure, he received the Fontan procedure. The Fontan procedure was done through a unilateral thoracotomy, using an autologous pericardial conduit to connect hepatic vein and azygos vein. The result of short-term follow-up was satisfactory.

14.
Korean Circulation Journal ; : 174-181, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893898

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives@#This study investigated the relative incidence of contrast induced nephropathy (CIN) and long-term outcomes between iso-osmolar contrast media (IOCM) and low-osmolar contrast media (LOCM) undergoing elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). @*Methods@#A total of 9,431 patients receiving elective PCI were enrolled in the cohort. The patients were divided into IOCM group and LOCM group. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied to minimize the selection bias between groups. @*Results@#The multivariate analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the CIN incidence (odds ratio [OR], 0.912; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.576–1.446; p=0.696). After PSM, the incidence of CIN was 1.5% and 4.0% in IOCM group (n=979) and LOCM group (n=979), respectively, p=0.001. IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN compared with LOCM (OR, 0.393; 95% CI, 0.214–0.722; p=0.003). After 2 years of follow-up, the all-cause mortality was higher in IOCM group than LOCM group (2.1% vs. 0.9%, p<0.001). Cox regression analysis showed IOCM was not independent risk factor of 2-years all-cause mortality (OR, 0.849; 95% CI, 0.510–1.412; p=0.528). After PSM, the difference of all-cause death between groups disappeared (1.7% vs. 1.9%, p=0.739). Cox regression analysis showed that the use of IOCM compared with LOCM did not affect the incidence of 2-year all-cause mortality (OR, 1.037; 95% CI, 0.534–2.014; p=0.915). @*Conclusions@#Compared with LOCM, IOCM significantly reduced the incidence of CIN after elective PCI, but had no significant effect on 2-year all-cause mortality.

15.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 349-356, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882595

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effect of Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction on urodynamics and the expression of Piezo1 if overactive bladder (OAB) rats. Methods:Thirty SPF grade female SD rats were randomly divided into blank group, model group, Tolterodine control group, low-dose and high-dose Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction groups, with 6 rats in each group. The OAB rats were modeled by intraperitoneal injection of Cyclophosphamide. After the successful modeling, Tolterodine control group was given 0.36 mg/kg Tolterodine tartrate, the low-dose and high-dose Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction groups were given 1.59 and 3.18 g/kg Lingshao-Zaoren Mianjian granules by gavage, the blank group and model group were given the same amount of distilled water, once a day for 14 days. After 14 days, the urodynamics of rats in each group were detected. The bladder volume and maximum bladder pressure were observed respectively. The pathological changes of bladder tissue were observed by HE staining. The expression of Piezo1 protein in bladder tissue was detected by immunohistochemistry and Western blot. The expression of Piezo1 mRNA in bladder tissue was detected by qPCR. Results:Compared with the blank group, the body weight, bladder volume and maximum bladder pressure of the model group were significantly reduced ( P<0.01). HE staining result showed that the model group had hyperplasia of urinary tract epithelium, degeneration, necrosis and abscission of epithelial cells, infiltration of a large number of inflammatory cells in stroma, vascular proliferation, thickening of vascular wall, hyperplasia of mucosal smooth muscle, disorder of arrangement, and significant up regulation of Piezo1 protein expression ( P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the weight [(244.83 ± 6.05) g, (233.33 ± 11.76) g vs. (219.00 ± 9.70) g] of rats in the Tolterodine control group and high-dose group of Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction significantly increased ( P<0.01), and the bladder volume [(0.93 ± 0.31) ml, (1.17 ± 0.17) ml, (1.21 ± 0.23) ml vs. (0.50 ± 0.16) ml] and maximum bladder pressure [(42.00 ± 3.03) cmH 2O, (45.83 ± 7.19) cmH 2O, (46.83 ± 8.23) cmH 2O vs. (30.50 ± 5.47) cmH 2O] of rats in the Tolterodine control group, low-dose and high-dose Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction groups were significantly increased ( P<0.01); the bladder epithelial hyperplasia and degeneration degree, interstitial inflammatory cell infiltration degree and vascular hyperplasia degree of rats in the Tolterodine control group, low-dose and high-dose Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction groups significantly increased. The expression of Piezo1 mRNA (1.50 ± 0.04, 2.05 ± 0.08, 1.44 ± 0.10 vs. 2.56 ± 0.11) and protein in the Tolterodine control group, low-dose and high-dose Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction groups were significantly decreased ( P<0.01). Conclusion:Lingshao-Zaoren Decoction can increase the bladder volume and maximum bladder pressure of urinary incontinence caused by detrusor overactivity in rats with overactive bladder, which may be related to reduction of Piezo1 expression.

16.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 431-443, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828996

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To analyze factors associated with unplanned revascularization (UR) risk in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).@*Methods@#A total of 10,640 cases with CAD who underwent PCI were analyzed. Multivariate COX regressions and competing risk regressions were applied.@*Results@#The patients who underwent UR following PCI in 30 days, 1, and 2 years accounted for 0.3%, 6.5%, and 8.7%, respectively. After multivariate adjustment, the number of target lesions [hazard ratio ( ) = 2.320; 95% confidence interval ( ): 1.643-3.277; < 0.001], time of procedure ( = 1.006; 95% : 1.001-1.010; = 0.014), body mass index ( = 1.104; 95% : 1.006-1.210; = 0.036), incomplete revascularization (ICR) ( = 2.476; 95% : 1.030-5.952; = 0.043), and age ( 1.037; 95% : 1.000-1.075; = 0.048) were determined as independent risk factors of 30-day UR. Factors, including low-molecular-weight heparin or fondaparinux ( = 0.618; 95% : 0.531-0.719; < 0.001), second-generation durable polymer drug-eluting stent ( 0.713; 95% : 0.624-0.814; < 0.001), left anterior descending artery involvement ( = 0.654; 95% : 0.530-0.807; < 0.001), and age ( = 0.992; 95% : 0.985-0.998; = 0.014), were independently associated with decreased two-year UR risk. While, Synergy Between Percutaneous Coronary Intervention with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score ( = 1.024; 95% : 1.014-1.033; < 0.001) and ICR ( = 1.549; 95% : 1.290-1.860; < 0.001) were negatively associated with two-year UR risk.@*Conclusion@#Specific factors were positively or negatively associated with short- and medium-long-term UR following PCI.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , China , Coronary Artery Disease , General Surgery , Myocardial Revascularization , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
17.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 120-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-799690

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the efficacy of Fufang-Xuanju capsule combined with levofloxacin mesylate tablets in the treatment of chronic epididymitis.@*Methods@#A total of 76 patients in the Urology Department of Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences who met the inclusion criteria from December 2016 to February 2019, were divided into treatment group (43 cases) and control group (33 cases). The control group was given levofloxacin mesylate tablets orally. The treatment group was given Fufang-Xuanju capsule based on the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. Chronic epididymitis symptom index (CESI) was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy by pain score and quality of life score.@*Results@#The total effective rate was 83.7% (36/43) in the treatment group and 63.6% (26/33) in the control group. There was statistically significant difference between the two groups (χ2=4.020, P=0.045). Compared with baseline, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores of both groups at 2, 4 weeks after treatment were significantly lower (P<0.01). Two weeks after the treatment, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group (F value were 16.132, 9.134 and 23.681, respectively, all Ps<0.01). And 4 weeks after the treatment, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores of the treatment group were significantly lower than that of the control group (F value were 28.741, 74.049, 72.483, respectively, all Ps<0.01).@*Conclusions@#Fufang-Xuanju capsule combined with levofloxacin mesylate tablets can alleviate the pain of patients with chronic epididymitis, improve the quality of life and improve the clinical efficacy.

18.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 504-506, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863630

ABSTRACT

This paper reviews the clinical researches on acupuncture and moxibustion treating female overactivity of bladder (OAB), and finds that acupuncture and moxibustion treating female OAB hastheraputic effect with simplicity, little adverse reaction and could take effect in a short period of time. Electroacupuncture has combined the effects of acupuncture and nerve electrical stimulation treatment, and it takes few acupoints and is easy to operate. The main acupoints of one or more points of Baliao acupoints shows obvious clinical effect, and navel moxibustion method and auriculo-acupuncture can improve the frequency and urgency of urination of OAB. The combination of using acupuncture and moxibustionhas certaineffect, however, due to the complicated procedures and long treatment courses, it’s not used widely in cinic.

19.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 120-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863576

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of Fufang-Xuanju capsule combined with levofloxacin mesylate tablets in the treatment of chronic epididymitis. Methods:A total of 76 patients in the Urology Department of Xiyuan Hospital of China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences who met the inclusion criteria from December 2016 to February 2019, were divided into treatment group (43 cases) and control group (33 cases). The control group was given levofloxacin mesylate tablets orally. The treatment group was given Fufang-Xuanju capsule based on the control group. Both groups were treated for 4 weeks. Chronic epididymitis symptom index (CESI) was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy by pain score and quality of life score. Results:The total effective rate was 83.7% (36/43) in the treatment group and 63.6% (26/33) in the control group. There was statistically significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=4.020, P=0.045). Compared with baseline, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores of both groups at 2, 4 weeks after treatment were significantly lower ( P<0.01). Two weeks after the treatment, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores in the treatment group were significantly lower than those of the control group ( F value were 16.132, 9.134 and 23.681, respectively, all Ps<0.01). And 4 weeks after the treatment, the pain scores, quality of life scores and total scores of the treatment group were significantly lower than that of the control group ( F value were 28.741, 74.049, 72.483, respectively, all Ps<0.01). Conclusions:Fufang-Xuanju capsule combined with levofloxacin mesylate tablets can alleviate the pain of patients with chronic epididymitis, improve the quality of life and improve the clinical efficacy.

20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 798-805, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-796613

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To compare the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis between male and female patients with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) post coronary intervention, and analyse the risk factors of major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events.@*Methods@#This was a prospective single-center observational study. From January 2013 to December 2013, 4 744 patients diagnosed as PCAD and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. The general clinical data, laboratory results and interventional treatment data of all patients were collected, and patients were followed up for 2 years after PCI and the incidence of events including MACCE and bleeding was analyzed. The baseline data and clinical events of PCAD patients of different genders were compared. Survival curves were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze whether gender was an influencing factor of different clinical events of PCAD patients within 2 years after PCI, and other relevant influencing factors of MACCE and bleeding events.@*Results@#Among the 4 744 PCAD patients included, there were 3 390 (71.5%) male aged (47.0±5.4) years old and 1 354 (28.5%) female aged (57.0±5.8) years old. Compared with female patients, male patients had higher body mass index, higher proportion of hyperlipidemia, smoking, myocardial infarction, previous PCI, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, radial artery approach, intravenous ultrasound use and chronic occlusive lesions (all P<0.05). Age, left ventricular ejection fraction, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, past stroke history, non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and the use of calcium channel blockers were lower in male patients than in female patients (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of BARC type 1 hemorrhage was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients (6.9%(92/1 343) vs. 3.7%(126/3 378), P<0.001); however, the incidence of MACCE, all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization (target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization), stent thrombosis, stroke and BARC type 2-5 hemorrhage were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that gender was an independent risk factor for BARC type 1 bleeding in PCAD patients (HR=2.180, 95%CI 1.392-3.416, P<0.001), but it was not an independent risk factor for MACCE and BARC type 2-5 bleeding(all P>0.05). Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS were the independent risk factors for MACCE in PCAD patients with PCI (the HRs(95%CI) were 1.289(1.052-1.580), 1.030(1.019-1.042), 1.758(1.365-2.264), 1.264(1.040-1.537), respectively); gender (HR=1.579, 95%CI 1.085-2.297, P=0.017), hyperlipidemia (HR=1.305, 95%CI 1.005-1.695, P=0.046), anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin (HR=1.321, 95%CI 1.002-1.741, P=0.048) or sulfonate(HR=1.659, 95%CI 1.198-2.298, P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for bleeding events.@*Conclusions@#There are differences in clinical and coronary artery lesion characteristics between different genders in patients with PCAD. The incidence of minor bleeding is significantly higher in female PCAD patients than in male PCAD patients. Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS are the independent risk factors for MACCE, and gender, hyperlipidemia, anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin or sulfonate are the independent risk factors for bleeding events in patients with PCAD.

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