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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 37-44, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016460

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the antiviral effect of Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids and its relationship with the type Ⅰ interferon (IFN-Ⅰ) signaling pathway. MethodThe effects of Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids on the intracellular replication of influenza A virus (H1N1), vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), and cerebral myocarditis virus (EMCV) were detected by fluorescent inverted microscope, flow cytometry, Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR), and Western blot. A mouse model infected with H1N1 was constructed, and the mice were divided into a control group, H1N1 model group, Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids groups (10, 20, 30 mg·kg-1), and oseltamivir group (40 mg·kg-1), so as to study the effects on the weight and survival rate of infected mice. Real-time PCR was used to detect the activation effect of Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids on the IFN-Ⅰ pathway in cells, and the relationship between the antiviral effect of Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids in IFNAR1 knockout A549 cells (IFNAR1-/--A549) and IFN-Ⅰ pathway was detected. ResultCompared with the control group, the virus proliferated significantly in the model group (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids could significantly inhibit the replication of H1N1, VSV, and EMCV in vitro (P<0.01), inhibit the weight loss of the mice infected with the H1N1 in vivo, and improve the survival rate of mice (P<0.05). In addition, Menispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids activated the IFN-I pathway and relied on this pathway to exert the function of antiviral infection. ConclusionMenispermi Rhizoma total alkaloids exert antiviral effects in vivo and in vitro by activating the IFN-Ⅰ pathway.

2.
Chinese Medical Ethics ; (6): 62-65, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012850

ABSTRACT

In order to explore the medical and social problems related to postoperative lymphedema in breast cancer patients, improve the compliance of rehabilitation treatment and help patients return to society. The self-designed questionnaire was used to investigate 76 patients who met the criteria of lymphedema after breast cancer and refused or failed to adhere to rehabilitation threapy. According to the relevant measurement scale theory and method, the computer-aided software was used to analyze the data to find out the problem and analyze the cause. The prominent problems of poor compliance in patients with breast cancer after operation were successively: subjective factors, objective factors, family social and ethical factors, multidisciplinary factors, hospital management and policy issues. For the above ethical problems, we should adopt positive coping strategies to increase the compliance of patients and improve their quality of life.

3.
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology ; (12): 788-800, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Catheter-based pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) is an effective and well-established intervention for symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). Nevertheless, late recurrences of atrial fibrillation (LRAF) occurring during 3 to 12 months are common, and the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Circular RNAs (circRNAs) in atrial tissue have been linked to the pathophysiological mechanisms and progression of PAF in a few studies. However, their expression patterns in peripheral blood and regulatory function in LRAF are not clear.@*METHODS@#In the present study, the expression profile of circulating circRNAs in three paired nonvalvular PAF patients with or without LRAF was investigated by high-throughput sequencing and validated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Bioinformatics analyses, including Gene Ontology (GO), Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, and circRNA/miRNA regulatory network, were performed to predict the functions and potential regulatory roles of differentially expressed (DE) circRNAs.@*RESULTS@#A total of 12,834 circRNAs, comprising 5,491 down-regulated and 7,343 up-regulated circRNAs, were found to be DE in blood smaples from the two groups in peripheral blood between LRAF and non-recurrence control individuals. The most enriched GO categories in terms of molecular function, biological process, and cellular component features were catalytic activity, cellular metabolic process, and intracellular part, respectively. The KEGG enrichment study revealed that the most important metabolic process controlled by DE circRNAs is endocytosis. In the circRNA/microRNAs interaction network, four up-regulated circRNAs (hsa_circ_0002665, hsa_circ_0001953, hsa_circ_0003831, and hsa_circ_0040533) and one down-regulated circRNA (hsa_circ_0041103) were predicted to play potential regulatory roles in the pathogenesis of LRAF.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This investigation discovered the expression pattern of circulating circRNAs that is indicative of PAF late recurrence, which may serve as risk markers or therapeutic targets for LRAF after PVI.

4.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 194-200, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995086

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effectiveness and safety of intra-amniotic ethacridine injection in pregnancy induction at ≥28 gestational weeks due to fetal demise.Methods:This retrospective study recruited 77 singleton pregnant women who were admitted to Peking University First Hospital at ≥28 gestational weeks, from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2021, because of fetal demise diagnosed by ultrasound. Four groups were classified according to different methods of induction, including ethacridine success group ( n=63), ethacridine failure group ( n=4), mifepristone plus misoprostol group ( n=5), and spontaneous delivery group ( n=5). Those in the ethacridine success group were further divided into scarred and non-scarred uterus group. The differences in general conditions and delivery outcomes among these women were analyzed using t-test, one-way analysis of variance, Chi-square test, and Mann-Whitney U test or Kruskal-Wallis H test. Results:(1) Among the 67 patients induced by ethacridine, the success rate was 94.0% (63/67). (2) Compared the ethacridine success group with the mifepristone plus misoprostol group or spontaneous delivery group, respectively, there was no significant difference in total labor duration, intrapartum hemorrhage volume, weight of the dead fetus, and the incidence of postpartum hemorrhage, perineal laceration, and intrauterine residue (all P>0.05). No serious complications such as placental abruption, disseminated intravascular coagulation, intrauterine infection, uterine rupture, conversion to cesarean section, or puerperal infection occurred in the three groups. (3) The duration between ethacridine injection and labor onset was shorter in the ethacridine success group than in the mifepristone plus misoprostol group [(28.5±12.0) h vs (54.2±17.6) h, t=-4.45, P<0.001]. (4) Among the 63 cases of ethacridine success group, the outcomes after induction were similar between scarred and non-scarred uterus group (all P>0.05). (5) The median duration between ethacridine injection and labor onset in the ethacridine success group was 26.8 h (2.3-66.0 h), which meant 95% of the patients went into labor within 51.7 h and 100% within 66 h after the injection. Conclusion:Intra-amniotic injection of ethacridine is safe and effective in termination for singleton pregnancy due to fetal demise at the third trimester and the duration from drug administration to labor onset was significantly shorter than that of mifepristone plus misoprostol, without increasing the risk of any complications.

5.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 22-27, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993274

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of alpha-fetoprotein(AFP) in predicting survival of patients who underwent salvage surgery after tumor downstaging therapy in patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:The data of 50 patients with Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer Staging (BCLC) C hepatocellular carcinoma treated at the Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital from December 2018 to December 2021 were collected. There were 45 males and 5 females, with the age of (53.0±10.5) years. The patients were divided into two groups based on the serum AFP level after tumor downstaging therapy, AFP normal group ( n=27, AFP≤20 μg/L) and the control group ( n=23, AFP>20 μg/L). Patient survival and tumor recurrence were followed up by outpatient review or telephone follow-up. The survival rate was calculated by the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the log-rank test. The efficacy of combined immunotargeted therapy were compared between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis were carried to analyse the factors influcing prognosis. Results:The median survival time was not reached in both groups. The 1-year and 2-year cumulative survival rates were 95.0% and 88.2% in the normal group and 73.4% and 54.1% in the control group, respectively. The median relapse-free survival time of the normal group was not reached, and the median relapse-free survival time of the control group was 11 months. The 1-year recurrence-free survival rate was 78.1% in the normal group and 39.5% in the control group. The cumulative survival rate and relapse-free survival rate in the normal group were significantly higher than those in the control group (χ 2=7.60, 8.83, P=0.006, 0.003). The complete response, partial response and pathological complete response of tumors in the normal group were significant better than those in the control group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that patients with serum AFP >20 μg/L ( HR=2.952, 95% CI: 1.023-8.517, P=0.045) after immunotherapy combined with targeted therapy had an increased risk of postoperative recurrence. Conclusion:The reduction of serum AFP to normal after downstaging therapy could be used as a prognostic indicator of salvage surgical in patients with BCLC C hepatocellular carcinoma, and AFP was related to the efficacy of downstaging therapy in patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 15-21, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993273

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical efficacy of sequential radical surgery after immune and targeted therapy in downstaging patients with initially unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma.Methods:Data were prospectively collected from December 2018 to July 2022 on patients with initially unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma which were downstaged to undergo sequential surgery after treatment with immune and targeted therapy at the Faculty of Hepato-Pancreato-Biliary Surgery, Chinese PLA General Hospital. There were 79 patients, with 69 men and 10 women, aged (53.0±10.9) years, being enrolled into this study. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to calculate the survival rate, and the log-rank test was used for survival rate comparison. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze factors influencing patient prognosis.Results:There were 7 patients (8.9%) with China Liver Cancer Staging (CNLC) Ⅰb, Ⅱa, Ⅱb who had insufficient residual liver volume or tumor rupture before the downstaging therapy, and 38 patients (48.1%) with CNLC Ⅲa and 34 patients (43.0%) with CNLC Ⅲb. These 79 patients underwent R 0 resection after 3-20 cycles (median 5 cycles) of immune and targeted therapy. Based on the modified response evaluation criteria in solid tumor, the results of preoperative imaging assessment were: complete remission in 12 patients (15.2%), partial remission in 50 patients (63.3%), stable disease in 15 patients (19.0%), and disease progression in 2 patients (2.5%). The overall survival rates of patients at 1, 2, and 3 years after diagnosis were 96.1%, 83.5%, and 76.6%; and the recurrence-free survival rates at 1, 2, and 3 years after surgery were 62.1%, 52.9%, and 34.7%, respectively. On multivariate Cox regression analysis, patients with a preoperative alpha-fetoprotein >20 μg/L ( HR=2.816, 95% CI: 1.232-6.432, P=0.014) and a high proportion of pathological residual tumors ( HR=1.015, 95% CI: 1.004-1.026, P=0.006) had a higher risk of postoperative recurrence; and patients with a high proportion of pathological residual tumors ( HR=1.028, 95% CI: 1.007-1.049, P=0.007) and preoperative alpha-fetoprotein >400 μg/L ( HR=4.099, 95% CI: 1.193-14.076, P=0.025) had a higher risk of death. Conclusion:Immunotherapy combined with targeted therapy and sequential surgery for patients with initially unresectable hepatocellular carcinoma provided long-term survival benefits. Elevated preoperative alpha-fetoprotein and a high proportion of pathological residual tumor were independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival and overall survival in this group of patients.

7.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 142-155, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991131

ABSTRACT

Complex systems exist widely,including medicines from natural products,functional foods,and bio-logical samples.The biological activity of complex systems is often the result of the synergistic effect of multiple components.In the quality evaluation of complex samples,multicomponent quantitative analysis(MCQA)is usually needed.To overcome the difficulty in obtaining standard products,scholars have proposed achieving MCQA through the"single standard to determine multiple components(SSDMC)"approach.This method has been used in the determination of multicomponent content in natural source drugs and the analysis of impurities in chemical drugs and has been included in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia.Depending on a convenient(ultra)high-performance liquid chromatography method,how can the repeatability and robustness of the MCQA method be improved?How can the chromatography conditions be optimized to improve the number of quantitative components?How can computer software technology be introduced to improve the efficiency of multicomponent analysis(MCA)?These are the key problems that remain to be solved in practical MCQA.First,this review article summarizes the calculation methods of relative correction factors in the SSDMC approach in the past five years,as well as the method robustness and accuracy evaluation.Second,it also summarizes methods to improve peak capacity and quantitative accuracy in MCA,including column selection and two-dimensional chromatographic analysis technology.Finally,computer software technologies for predict-ing chromatographic conditions and analytical parameters are introduced,which provides an idea for intelligent method development in MCA.This paper aims to provide methodological ideas for the improvement of complex system analysis,especially MCQA.

8.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1961-1966, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990434

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize literature of risk prediction models for catheter-related thrombosis in PICC at home and abroad, in order to provide reference for the development and improvement of risk prediction models for PICC catheter-related thrombosis (PICC-CRT) and the selection and use of medical staff.Methods:All studies on the risk prediction model of PICC-CRT were systematically searched in the Chinese and English literature database from June 2012 to June 2022. Two researchers independently screened the literature and extracted the data. The prediction model risk of bias assessment tool was used to evaluate the bias risk and applicability of the included literature.Results:A total of 13 articles were included, including 1 multicenter study and 12 single-center studies. Eight literatures were retrospective studies and five were prospective studies. Bias risk assessment showed that there was a bias risk in all the 6 studies. In terms of applicability evaluation, the 13 studies had good applicability in all fields and overall.Conclusions:There were various types of PICC catheter-related thrombosis risk assessment models, which had good predictive efficiency, but there was also a high risk of bias in these studies. The important contents of PICC catheter-related thrombosis risk prediction model are patient factors and treatment factors. In the future, the existing models need to be validated and improved, or a prediction model with low risk of bias should be constructed to effectively prevent PICC-CRT.

9.
STOMATOLOGY ; (12): 62-69, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965143

ABSTRACT

Objective@# Using computer-assisted navigation technology to guide the resection and reconstruction of mandibular ameloblastoma, evaluating its treatment effect.@*Methods @# Twelve patients were selected from the Affiliated Stomatological Hospital of Nanjing University from January 2017 to May 2022. All 12 patients accepted same surgery which included resection of mandibular ameloblastoma and reconstruction by fibula musculocutaneous flap. Among them, 6 cases were included in the navigation group; 6 cases were in the non-navigation group. Advantages and disadvantages of computer-assisted navigation technology in this operation were evaluated with these cases. @*Results@# The 12 operations were performed by the same operator. The average time for fixing the navigation bracket and performing navigation in the navigation group was about 15 minutes. Compared with the non-navigation group, the average operation time in the navigation group was shortened by about 10 minutes. In the navigation group, the mandible resection range matched the fibula musculocutaneous flap well, and the occlusal relationship recovered well. @*Conclusion @#Using the mandibular reference frame, under the guidance of computer-assisted navigation technology, the resection and reconstruction of mandibular ameloblastoma can be performed quickly and accurately.

10.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 326-333, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985655

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analysis the clinical characteristics of 400 fetuses with heart defects and the impactors of pregnancy decision making, and explore the influence of a multi-disciplinary team (MDT) cooperation approach on it. Methods: Clinical data of 400 fetuses with abnormal cardiac structure diagnosed at Peking University First Hospital from January 2012 to June 2021 were collected, which were divided into 4 groups according to the characteristics of fetal heart defects and the presence of extracardiac abnormalities or not: single cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities (122 cases), multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities (100 cases), single cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities (115 cases), and multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities (63 cases). The types of fetal cardiac structural abnormalities and genetic test results, and the detection rate of pathogenic genetic abnormalities, MDT consultation and management situation, and pregnancy decision of fetuses in each group were retrospectively analyzed. A logistics regression was used to analyze the influencing factors of fetal heart defects pregnancy decision. Results: (1) Among the 400 fetal heart defects, the four most common major types were ventricular septal defect 96 (24.0%, 96/400), tetralogy of Fallot 52 (13.0%, 52/400), coarctation of the aorta 34 (8.5%, 34/400), and atrioventricular septal defect 26 (6.5%, 26/400). (2) Among the 204 fetuses undergoing genetic examination, 44 (21.6%, 44/204) pathogenic genetic abnormalities were detected. (3) Detection rate of pathogenic genetic abnormalities (39.3%, 24/61) and pregnancy termination rate (86.1%, 99/115) in the single cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group were significantly higher than those in the single cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [15.1% (8/53), 44.3% (54/122), respectively] and the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [6.1% (3/49), 70.0% (70/100), respectively, both P<0.05], and the pregnancy termination rate in the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group and the multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group (82.5%,52/63) were significantly higher than that of the single cardiac abnormalities without extracardiac abnormalities group (both P<0.05). (4) After adjusting for age, gravity, parity and performed prenatal diagnosis, maternal age, the diagnosis of gestational age, prognosis grades, co-existence of extracardiac abnormalities, presence of pathogenic genetic abnormalities, and receiving MDT consultation and management were still independent influencing factors of termination of pregnancy of fetuses with cardiac defects (all P<0.05). A total of 29 (7.2%, 29/400) fetal cardiac defects received MDT consultation and management, and compared with those without MDT management, the pregnancy termination rate in the multiple cardiac defects without extracardiac abnormalities group [74.2%(66/89) vs 4/11] and the multiple cardiac defects with extracardiac abnormalities group [87.9%(51/58) vs 1/5] were lower, the differences were statistically significant respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Maternal age, diagnosed gestational age, severity of cardiac defects, extracardiac abnormalities, pathogenic genetic abnormalities and MDT counseling and management are the influencing factors of fetal heart defects pregnancy decision. MDT cooperation approach influences pregnancy decision-making and should be recommended for the management of fetal cardiac defect to reduce unnecessary termination of pregnancy and improve pregnancy outcomes.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Fetal Diseases/diagnosis , Heart Defects, Congenital/therapy , Fetus , Decision Making , Ultrasonography, Prenatal/methods
11.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 1230-1233, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985595

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the current situation of obesity and related metabolic abnormalities among preschool children, so as to provide theoretical support for future intervention.@*Methods@#A cohort of 3 952 children, born in Tianjin and enrolled in the kindergarten from September 2017 to October 2018, were selected to conduct a baseline survey and a three-year follow-up (questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory testing). At the same time, a two-way cohort study was conducted to retrospectively collect maternal prenatal examination, delivery and regular physical examination information of children from birth to preschool age from Tianjin Maternal and Child Health Information System.@*Results@#A total of 3 935, 3 654 and 2 739 children completed the follow up in the primary, middle and senior classes of kindergarten respectively. The height and weight of pre-school children increased with age, while the percentage of body fat decreased with age ( β-trend =-0.74, P <0.01). During three-year follow up, height, weight and body mass index of boys were higher than girls (P<0.05), while the percentage of body fat was lower than girls (primary class: 17.5%,18.5%; middle class: 16.4%,17.2%; senior class: 16.1%,17.1%, P <0.05). The detection rate of overweight (including obesity) and obesity increased with age( χ 2 trend were 15.51,38.72, P <0.05). The total detection rate of obesity increased from 5.4% at the baseline level to 9.6%. Laboratory test results showed that the detection rates of fasting blood glucose of boys were higher than that of girls in primary class, but blood lipid abnormalities were in the opposite (glucose: 7.7%, 4.8 %; lipid: 23.8% , 27.7%)( χ 2=12.01, 6.63, P <0.05).@*Conclusion@#The study has established a large growth cohort starting from the early embryonic stage, which will help to establish the strategies to promote children s health and prevent obesity and chronic diseases from multidimensional perspectives.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1642-1649, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928094

ABSTRACT

This study investigated the effects and mechanisms of 6-gingerol on adipose tissue insulin resistance in naturally aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders. Twenty-seven aging male SD rats were randomly divided into a model group(aged, n=9) and two groups treated with 6-gingerol at 0.05 mg·kg~(-1)(G-L, n=9) and 0.2 mg·kg~(-1)(G-H, n=9). Six young rats were randomly assigned to a normal control group(NC). Rats were treated for seven weeks by gavage. Non-esterified fatty acid(NEFA) and insulin content was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA), and adipose tissue insulin resistance index(Adipo-IR) was calculated. HE staining was used to observe the size of adipocytes in epididymal white adipose tissue(eWAT). The gene and protein expression levels of adiponectin receptor 1(AdipoR1), AMP-activated protein kinase α(AMPKα), phosphorylated AMPK(p-AMPKα~(Thr172)), peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ coactivator-1α(PGC-1α), phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase(PI3 K), protein kinase B(Akt), phosphorylated Akt(p-Akt~(Ser473)), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), c-Jun N-terminal kinase 1/2(JNK1/2), phosphorylated JNK1/2(p-JNK~(Thr183/Tyr185)), interleukin-1β(IL-1β), and interleukin-6(IL-6) in adiponectin(APN), insulin, and inflammatory factor signaling pathways were detected by Western blot and real-time RCR, respectively. The results showed that 6-gingerol at a high dose could significantly decrease the fasting plasma content of NEFA and insulin and reduce Adipo-IR. Additionally, 6-gingerol at a high dose significantly increased the protein and mRNA expression of APN, AdipoR1, PGC-1α, and PI3 K in eWAT, elevated the relative expression of p-AMPK~(Thr172) and p-Akt~(Ser 473), reduced the protein and mRNA expression of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6 in eWAT, and decreased the relative expression of p-JNK1 and p-JNK2. This study reveals that 6-gingerol can improve insulin sensitivity of adipose tissues in aging rats with glycolipid metabolism disorders, and this effect is presumedly achieved by enhancing the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway, inhibiting adipose tissue inflammation, increasing APN synthesis, enhancing AdipoR1 expression, and activating its downstream AMPK/PGC-1α signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Adipose Tissue , Aging , Catechols , Fatty Alcohols , Insulin Resistance , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1196-1204, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928043

ABSTRACT

Chuanxiong Rhizoma is a traditional Chinese medicinal material mainly produced in Sichuan and Chongqing of China. In recent years, the cadmium content in Chuanxiong Rhizoma produced in most of the genuine producing areas has exceeded the standard, which makes Chuanxiong Rhizoma difficult to be exported. To solve the problem of excessive cadmium content in soil, this study employed the MaxEnt model to simulate the potential geographic distribution of Ligusticum chuanxiong and evaluate important environmental factors, and re-plan its ecologically suitable areas based on the mineral distribution characteristics and soil cadmium pollution status. The results showed that the places suitable for L. chuanxiong growing covered an area of 335 523.69 km~2, mainly in central and eastern Sichuan, southern Shaanxi and most parts of Chongqing. Among them, the highly suitable areas of L. chuanxiong were mainly concentrated in Chengdu, Ya'an, Deyang, and Mianyang. Solar radiation, annual precipitation, and annual range of temperature were evaluated as important variables affecting the distribution of L. chuanxiong, with the contribution rates of 62.3%, 13.3%, and 6.8%, respectively. In addition, Qionglai county, Chongqing county, Mianyang city(Youxian district and Fucheng district), Qingchuan county, and Xinjin county were classified into the first-class ecologically suitable zone, covering a total area of 2 768.87 km~2. The se-cond-class ecologically suitable zone was even wider, involving such counties as Tongjiang county, Renshou county, Jianyang county, and Nanjiang county, and the total area reached 43 616.92 km~2. The re-planning of the ecologically suitable areas for L. chuanxiong has provided strong data support for the cultivation and resource development of L. chuanxiong and also new ideas for solving the problem of excessive cadmium content in L. chuanxiong.


Subject(s)
Cadmium/toxicity , Environmental Pollution , Ligusticum , Rhizome , Soil
14.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 496-503, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956677

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the type and characteristics of fetal cardiac abnormalities and their relationships with genetic abnormalities and clinical prognosis.Methods:The clinical data of 162 pregnant women with fetal cardiac abnormalities who came to the prenatal diagnosis center of Peking University First Hospital and performed genetic tests from February 2013 to February 2021 were reviewed. Genetic testing methods included chromosome karyotype analysis, array-based comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and pathogenic gene detection. Fetuses with isolated cardiac abnormalities and no fatal genetic abnormalities were assessed using the fetal cardiac birth defects clinical outcome score and followed up.Results:(1) Ultrasonography results: among the 162 fetuses, 86 cases (53.1%, 86/162) had isolated cardiac abnormalities, and 76 cases (46.9%, 76/162) had extra-cardiac abnormalities; single cardiac abnormalities were in 84 (51.9%,84/162) cases, and multiple cardiac abnormalities occurred in 78 cases (48.1%,78/162). (2) Genetic examination results: there were 39 cases (24.1%, 39/162) of pathogenic genetic abnormalities, including 35 cases (21.6%, 35/162) of pathogenic chromosome karyotype abnormality, 3 cases (1.9%, 3/162) of pathogenic copy number variant (CNV), and 1 case (0.6%, 1/162) of pathogenic gene variation. The detection rates of pathogenic genetic abnormalities were 16.3% (14/86) in fetuses with isolated cardiac abnormalities and 32.9% (25/76) in fetuses with cardiac abnormalities and extra-cardiac abnormalities, and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=6.094, P=0.014). The detection rate of genetic abnormalities was 28.6% (24/84) in the single cardiac abnormalities, among which ventricular septal defect was 36.7% (11/30), atrioventricular septal defect was 8/13, tetralogy of Fallot was 3/17, persistent trancus arteriosus was 1/1, cardiac tumor was 1/1; no genetic abnormality was detected in the other single cardiac abnormality types (22 cases in total). The main types of pathogenic genetic abnormalities were trisomy 21 (41.7%, 10/24) and trisomy 18 (41.7%, 10/24). (3) Pregnancy outcome and fetal prognosis: among 72 fetuses with isolated heart abnormalities without pathogenic genetic abnormalities, there were 4 cases of grade Ⅰ, all of which continued pregnancy; 39 cases of grade Ⅱ, with 21 cases induced labor, 18 cases continued pregnancy; 26 cases of grade Ⅲ, with 23 cases induced labor, 3 cases continued pregnancy; 3 cases of grade Ⅳ, all of which induced labor. Totally, there were 47 cases induced labor and 25 cases continued pregnancy, 24 cases (96.0%, 24/25) of which were alive. Conclusions:When fetal cardiac abnormalities are detected by prenatal ultrasound, comprehensive cardiac and extra-cardiac ultrasound assessment and further genetic testing are recommended. Fetuses excluded pathogenic genetic abnormalities and extra-cardiac abnormalities should perform clinical prognostic score evaluation through multidisciplinary collaboration, to improve maternal and fetal outcomes.

15.
Chinese Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology ; (12): 449-455, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956676

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand the actual situation of the implementation of “Diagnosis and therapy guideline of preterm birth(2014)”, “Guideline” for short, by front-line obstetricians, and to provide reference for the further update and supplement of the “Guideline”.Methods:This study designed a structured questionnaire for the prominent problems in the prevention and treatment of preterm birth, which was determined by the expert team drafting the “Guideline”. In October to November 2021, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among obstetricians, including members of the Perinatal Medicine Branch of Jiangsu Medical Association and the Obstetrics Subgroup,Chinese society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chinese Medical Association, on the implementation status of the “Guideline”. The recommendations of the “Guideline” were used as standard answers to determine the implementation rate. A total of 328 valid questionnaires were collected. The total score of the questionnaire was 12 points. The questionnaire was divided into low executive ability group (<7 points) and high executive ability group (≥7 points) with a score of 7 as the threshold value, and the differences in baseline information such as hospital grade and professional title between the two groups were compared.Results:The score of 328 obstetricians was (7.6±1.6) points, including 250 (76.2%, 250/328) in the high execution group and 78 (23.8%, 78/328) in the low execution group. The execution rates of “the use of uterine contraction inhibitors for short courses”[97.0% (318/328)], “late umbilical cord breakage after birth of premature infants”[87.8% (288/328)] and “should preterm patients with intact membranes be treated with antibiotics”[86.6% (284/328)] were all over 80%, indicating good implementation. Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that hospital grade and professional title were independent factors influencing the performance of the “Guideline”(all P<0.05), and secondary hospitals had lower scores and worse execution than tertiary hospitals ( OR=0.42, 95% CI: 0.23-0.77; P=0.005). Senior titles had higher scores and better execution than junior titles ( OR=5.33, 95% CI: 2.35-12.07; P<0.001). When answering the question “gestational week at which premature infants could survive in your hospital”, only 3.4% (11/328) answered 22 weeks, and 44.5% (146/328) answered 28 weeks, accounted for the highest proportion. The gestational week of surviving premature infants in tertiary hospitals was earlier than that in secondary hospitals ( P<0.05). The gestational week of surviving premature infants answered by senior titles was earlier than that of junior titles ( P<0.05). Conclusions:Obstetricians generally have a good implementation of the “Guideline”, and their understanding of some recommended clauses in the guidelines needs to be improved. In the future, training of primary hospitals and physicians with junior titles should be strengthened.

16.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 341-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935218

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the quality of life and its influencing factors of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) of esophageal cancer patients. Methods: The quality of life of 134 esophageal cancer patients was assessed using the quality of life assessment scale (EORTC QLQ-C30) developed by the European Cancer Research and Treatment Organization. Student's t test, One-way ANOVA and multiple linear regression statistical methods were used to analyze the effects of sociodemographic and clinical characteristics on patients' quality of life. Results: The overall score of quality of life (74.00) was lower than that of the general population (75.30). However, the scores of emotion and cognition in function dimension (93.97 and 95.77) were better than those of the general population (82.80 and 86.50). The results of fatigue, pain, insomnia and constipation in symptom dimension (14.18, 10.94, 11.69 and 5.72) were better than those of the general population (28.80, 20.50, 20.40 and 10.70). The pathological stage, body mass index and dietary were independent influencing factors for the quality of life of patients with esophageal cancer (P<0.05). Conclusions: ERAS can partially improve the quality of life of esophageal cancer patients. More attention should be paid to the esophageal cancer patients after surgery and take targeted measures to improve their quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Fatigue , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires
17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 116-123, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940492

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for simultaneous determination of baicalin magnesium and baicalein in rat plasma and tissues, and to investigate the effect of acute liver injury on pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of baicalin magnesium in rats. MethodAcute liver injury rat model was induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Normal rats and acute liver injury model rats were given an equal dose (287.31 mg·kg-1) of baicalin magnesium aqueous solution by intragastric administration, the orbital blood was collected at different time points, and HPLC was used to simultaneously determine the concentrations of baicalin magnesium and baicalein in rat plasma at each time point, the concentration-time curves were drawn, the pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated with DAS 3.0, and SPSS 23.0 was used for statistical analysis. After oral administration of baicalin magnesium aqueous solution, HPLC was used to simultaneously determine the contents of baicalin magnesium and baicalein in rat liver, lung, kidney, stomach, brain and small intestine at different time points, the mobile phase was 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution-methanol, and the detection wavelength was 278 nm. ResultIn the acute liver injury model group, the peak concentration (Cmax) of baicalin magnesium was 0.58 times that of the normal group, the area under concentration-time curve (AUC0-t) was 0.5 times that of the normal group (P<0.05), the apparent volume of distribution (Vd) was 2.3 times that of the normal group (P<0.05), and baicalein is almost undetectable in plasma. The content of baicalin magnesium in liver, stomach and brain of the acute liver injury model group was higher than that of the normal group at each time point, while the content of baicalin magnesium in the samples of lung at 8 h, kidney at 8 h and 12 h, and small intestine at 0.333 h was lower than that of the normal group. The content of baicalein in lung, stomach and small intestine of the model group was higher than that of the normal group at each time point, while the content of baicalein in the tissue samples of liver at 6, 8 h and kidney at 0.333, 4, 6 h was lower than that in the normal group, and baicalein could hardly be detected in the brain. ConclusionAfter intragastric administration of the same dose of baicalin magnesium aqueous solution, acute liver injury induced by CCl4 can affect the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution characteristics of baicalin magnesium in rats, and there is biotransformation of baicalin magnesium and baicalein in liver, lung, kidney, stomach and small intestine.

18.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 190-197, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940436

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the common syndromes of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas of eastern Henan based on latent structure model and factor analysis,and provide reference for clinical differentiation of cerebral infarction. MethodThe data samples of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas in eastern Henan were preprocessed. With Lantern 5.0 of latent structure method and LTM-EAST algorithm of two-step latent tree analysis, the manifest variable latent structure model of related symptoms was built to interpret different latent nodes, and common syndromes of cerebral infarction were obtained via comprehensive cluster analysis. SPSS 20.0 was used for factor analysis and cluster analysis of related symptoms to infer the distribution of syndrome types. ResultThe data of 888 patients with cerebral infarction were included, involving symptoms, tongue and pulse (88 in total). The 65 symptoms with a frequency of ≥5% were constructed into a latent structure model, and 31 latent variables were obtained. The Bayesian information criterion (BIC) score was -15 367.17. Based on professional knowledge, s6 common syndrome types were found, namely, syndrome of upward disturbance of wind-fire, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals, syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, and syndrome of stirring wind due to yin deficiency. In factor analysis, the symptoms with a frequency of >10% were selected, and 13 common factors were obtained and used for systematic cluster analysis. And 5 syndrome types were inferred: syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome, syndrome of combined phlegm and blood stasis, and syndrome of yin deficiency and internal heat. According to the determination criteria of syndrome types in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), 6 common syndrome types of cerebral infarction were finally determined. ConclusionAccording to the severity of the disease, the common syndromes of patients with cerebral infarction in rural areas of Eastern Henan were divided into the following categories: apoplexy involving channel and collateral: syndrome of upward disturbance of wind fire, syndrome of wind phlegm obstructing collaterals, and syndrome of stirring wind due to yin deficiency. Apoplexy involving zang and fu-viscera: syndrome of phlegm-heat and fu-organ excess, and syndrome of phlegm and blood stasis blocking collaterals. Recovery period: Qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome. This study was basically consistent with the syndrome law in TCM theory, and provided reference for further establishing syndrome diagnostic criteria of cerebral infarction.

19.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 140-147, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014184

ABSTRACT

Aim To analyze the active ingredients of Chuanxiong, predict its target and signaling pathways in the treatment of tension-type headache, and clarify its therapeutic mechanism based on the principle of network pharmacology.Methods The effective active ingredients in Chuanxiong were retrieved from the Chinese herbal system pharmacology platform(TCMSP), and were performed by the ADME screen to collect the potential targets; the existing tension-type headache-related disease targets were collected through the GeneCards database.The targets corresponding to the active ingredients were intersected to obtain the common target as the key target.Cytoscape was used to construct and analyze the visual "drug-active ingredient-target-disease" network, and the String database was used to construct the PPI protein interaction network; through R language the GO function and KEGG pathway enrichment of common targets in the form of bubble graphs were analyzed.Lastly, molecular docking was used for preliminary verification.Results Finally 7 active ingredients, 105 compound targets and 2 139 tension-type headache-related target genes were obtained.There were 54 nodes in the protein interaction network.GO functional enrichment analysis yielded 215 entries, and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis yielded 68 signaling pathways.Molecular docking showed that FA, Chuanxiong quinone, sitosterol, ligustalin had strong affinity with CASP3, MAPK1, MAPK14.Conclusions It is suggested that Chuanxiong may treat tension-type headaches through anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and cytoprotective effects.

20.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 605-612, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014123

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the mechanism of Danshen decoction in the treatment of colon cancer using network pharmacology and molecular docking.Methods The active components and corresponding target proteins of Salvia miltiorrhiza, Santalum album and Amo-mum villosum in Danshen decoction were screened based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology database and analysis platform.The targets of colon cancer were searched by using Genecards database, and the common targets were selected.The network diagram of traditional Chinese medicine-active components-target-disease was constructed by using Cytoscape 3.7.0.The protein protein interaction network of common targets was constructed by using STRING database.The gene ontology(GO)and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Gnomes(KEGG)enrichment analysis were carried out based on R4.0.2.The important targets in the key pathways and the important active components in the network diagram of traditional Chinese medicine-active ingredients-target-disease network were selected for Surflex Dock.Results A total of 78 active components, 142 targets, 3 239 colon cancer targets, 105 overlapping targets and 69 corresponding active components were screened out.KEGG analysis showed that the key signaling pathway was PI3K/AKT.Luteolin and Tanshinone IIA with high correlation were selected to dock with protein kinase B(AKT1).Both active components had hydrogen bonding with AKT1.Conclusions Danshen decoction plays a positive role in colon cancer treatment.The mechanism may be related to the regulation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway.

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