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1.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 35-43, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006507

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To evaluate the risk factors for postoperative in-hospital mortality in elderly patients receiving cardiac valvular surgery, and develop a new prediction models using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO)-logistic regression. Methods     The patients≥65 years who underwent cardiac valvular surgery from 2016 to 2018 were collected from the Chinese Cardiac Surgery Registry (CCSR). The patients who received the surgery from January 2016 to June 2018 were allocated to a training set, and the patients who received the surgery from July to December 2018 were allocated to a testing set. The risk factors for postoperative mortality were analyzed and a LASSO-logistic regression prediction model was developed and compared with the EuroSCOREⅡ. Results     A total of 7 163 patients were collected in this study, including 3 939 males and 3 224 females, with a mean age of 69.8±4.5 years. There were 5 774 patients in the training set and 1 389 patients in the testing set. Overall, the in-hospital mortality was 4.0% (290/7 163). The final LASSO-logistic regression model included 7 risk factors: age, preoperative left ventricular ejection fraction, combined coronary artery bypass grafting, creatinine clearance rate, cardiopulmonary bypass time, New York Heart Association cardiac classification. LASSO-logistic regression had a satisfying discrimination and calibration in both training [area under the curve (AUC)=0.785, 0.627] and testing cohorts (AUC=0.739, 0.642), which was superior to EuroSCOREⅡ. Conclusion     The mortality rate for elderly patients undergoing cardiac valvular surgery is relatively high. LASSO-logistic regression model can predict the risk of in-hospital mortality in elderly patients receiving cardiac valvular surgery.

2.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1089-1096, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996861

ABSTRACT

@#In 2022, many excellent clinical studies emerged in the field of cardiovascular surgery. Selecting papers published in The New England Journal of Medicine and other top medicine and cardiology journals, this review focused on the research progress on 7 topics in the field of cardiovascular surgery: coronary artery surgery, vascular surgery, valvular surgery, structural heart disease, congenital heart disease, heart transplantation, perioperative management, and special population.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 360-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994678

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the morbidity and risk factors of de novo malignancy after heart transplantation (HT).Methods:From June 2004 to August 2021, 995 patients undergoing HT were selected and followed up.The epidemiological characteristics, the morbidity of de novo malignancy (DNM) and its risk factors were examined.Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed for calculating the cumulative incidence and mortality of DNM.Log rank test was utilized for comparing the survival rate of each subgroup.Cox regression model was employed for examining the relationship between the included factors and the endpoint of DNM.Results:The median follow-up period was 6.36(3.64, 10.18) years.Thirty-six patients (3.6%) developed DNM during follow-up.Lung cancer accounted for 22.2%(8/36) of DNM while digestive system tumors accounted for 38.9% (including gastric cancer 6/36, 16.7%; liver cancer 3/36, 8.3%; colon cancer 2/36, 5.6%). The cumulative morbidity of DNM at Year 1/5/10/15 post-HT was 0.1%, 2.3%, 4.9% and 7.6% respectively.The median survival time of DNM recipients was 83.32 months.The mean survival time was significantly lower than those without DNM[(115.32±13.12) vs.(194.22±2.58), P<0.001]. The mortality of DNM recipients was around 6.57 folds higher ( HR=6.57, 95% CI: 4.06-10.64, P<0.01). Age was an independent risk factor for an occurrence of DNM.Hypertension and diabetes were also correlated with DNM. Conclusions:DNM after HT is associated with shorter survival time.And age is an independent risk factor for DNM after HT.

4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 275-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994665

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the incidence and long-term outcomes of postoperative renal dysfunction(RD) and explore the clinical predictors of postoperative RD to provide reference for preoperative evaluation and perioperative management of heart transplantation(HT).Methods:The relevant clinical data are retrospectively reviewed for 1 095 HT recipients.They are grouped into two groups of RD(352 cases)and non-RD(normal, 743 cases)according to whether or not RD occurred after HT.Two groups are compared to explore the clinical predictors associated with postoperative RD.For further examining the prognostic impact of perioperative renal dysfunction, the recipients are assigned into four groups based upon perioperative renal function.The long-term outcomes of four groups are compared.Results:The median follow-up period is 5.6 years.Among 352 RD patients (32.1%), there are new-onset(276 cases, 25.2%), occurring during postoperative hospitalization (99, 28.1%)and post-discharge until Year 1(111 cases, 31.5%).Compared with normal group, RD group have advanced age, greater body mass index(BMI), higher preoperative serum creatinine, longer cardiopulmonary bypass time, a higher ratio of male, diabetic history, preoperative RD, transplantation for previous graft failure, preoperative extracorporeal membrane oxygenerator(ECMO)and intra-aortic balloon pump(IABP); donors in this group had advanced age and higher ratio of male (all P<0.05).In terms of postoperative data, RD group had higher ratios of ECMO/IABP implantation, tracheostomy, infection, longer postoperative mechanical ventilation time, intensive care unit(ICU)stay and in-hospital stay than normal group( P<0.05).Long-term survival of patients with postoperative RD is significantly lower than that with postoperative normal kidney function( P<0.01).Long-term survival rate of patients with preoperative RD is significantly lower than that of those without preoperative RD, regardless of whether or not kidney function normalized postoperatively; long-term survival rate of patients with postoperative new-onset RD is significantly lower than that in those with normal kidney function( P<0.01).Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD, postoperative cyclosporine dosing(versus tacrolimus)and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent risk factors of RD post-HT. Conclusions:RD occurs predominantly within the first year post-HT.Advanced recipient age, higher BMI, existence of preoperative RD and cold ischemic time≥6 h are independent predictors of RD post-HT.The incidence of RD post-HT significantly affects perioperative and long-term survivals.

5.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 138-162, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971541

ABSTRACT

Major advances have been made over the past few decades in identifying and managing disorders of consciousness (DOC) in patients with acquired brain injury (ABI), bringing the transformation from a conceptualized definition to a complex clinical scenario worthy of scientific exploration. Given the continuously-evolving framework of precision medicine that integrates valuable behavioral assessment tools, sophisticated neuroimaging, and electrophysiological techniques, a considerably higher diagnostic accuracy rate of DOC may now be reached. During the treatment of patients with DOC, a variety of intervention methods are available, including amantadine and transcranial direct current stimulation, which have both provided class II evidence, zolpidem, which is also of high quality, and non-invasive stimulation, which appears to be more encouraging than pharmacological therapy. However, heterogeneity is profoundly ingrained in study designs, and only rare schemes have been recommended by authoritative institutions. There is still a lack of an effective clinical protocol for managing patients with DOC following ABI. To advance future clinical studies on DOC, we present a comprehensive review of the progress in clinical identification and management as well as some challenges in the pathophysiology of DOC. We propose a preliminary clinical decision protocol, which could serve as an ideal reference tool for many medical institutions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation/methods , Consciousness Disorders/etiology , Brain Injuries/complications , Consciousness , Neuroimaging
6.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 553-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978498

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of renal insufficiency before heart transplantation on perioperative death, complications and long-term survival, and to compare the differences between preoperative serum creatinine (Scr) and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in preoperative risk assessment. Methods Clinical data of 1 095 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. According to preoperative Scr level, all recipients were divided into the Scr < 133 μmol/L(n=980), Scr 133-176 μmol/L (n=83) and Scr≥177 μmol/L groups (n=32). According to preoperative eGFR, all recipients were divided into eGFR≥90 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=436), eGFR 60-89 mL/(min·1.73m2) (n=418) and eGFR < 60 mL/(min·1.73m2) groups (n=241). Clinical prognosis of postoperative renal function, perioperative and long-term outcomes of recipients were compared among different groups. The effect of eGFR and Scr level on renal function injury and long-term survival after heart transplantation was assessed. Results With the increase of preoperative Scr level, the proportion of recipients undergoing postoperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) was increased, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative mechanical circulatory support was elevated, the incidence of postoperative complications was increased, the duration of mechanical ventilation and intensive care unit(ICU) stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). With the decrease of preoperative eGFR, the proportion of recipients receiving postoperative CRRT was increased, the proportion of recipients using postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) was elevated, the duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay was prolonged, and the in-hospital fatality was increased. The differences among three groups were statistically significant (all P < 0.05). Scr≥177 μmol/L was an independent risk factor for postoperative death [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 3.64, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.89-6.99, P < 0.01]. Among different groups classified by Scr and eGFR, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative renal function injury and long-term survival rate were statistically significant among three groups (all P < 0.05). In patients with preoperative Scr < 133 μmol/L, the cumulative incidence rate of postoperative long-term renal function injury was significantly increased with the decrease of preoperative eGFR (P < 0.01). There was no significant difference in postoperative long-term survival rate among patients stratified by different eGFR (P > 0.05). Conclusions Renal insufficiency before heart transplantation is associated with poor perioperative and long-term prognosis. Preoperative Scr and eGFR are the independent risk factors for postoperative renal function injury. Scr yields low sensitivity in the assessment of preoperative renal function, whereas it has high accuracy in predicting perioperative death risk. And eGFR is a more sensitive parameter to evaluate preoperative renal function, which may identify early-stage renal functional abnormality and take effective measures during early stage to reduce adverse effect on prognosis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 10-16, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953739

ABSTRACT

@#Cardiac surgery presents specific challenges in conducting randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The American Heart Association made a scientific statement of methodological standards, with the purpose to review key concepts and standards in design, implementation, and analysis of cardiac surgery RCTs, and to provide recommendations. Recommendations include an evaluation of the suitability of the research question, clinical equipoise, feasibility of enrolling a representative patient cohort, impact of practice variations on the effect of the study intervention, likelihood and impact of crossover, and duration of follow-up. Trial interventions and study end points should be predefined, and adequate deliverability of the trial interventions should be ensured. Every effort must be made to keep a high completeness of follow-up. Trial design and analytic techniques must be tailored to the specific research question and trial setting. In this paper, the authors made an interpretation of this scientific statement based on their practical experience.

8.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 93-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959025

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) on early allograft dysfunction (EAD) after heart transplantation. Methods Clinical data of 614 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. All recipients were divided into the ECMO group (n=43) and non-ECMO group (n=571) according to postoperative application of ECMO. In the ECMO group, the conditions of recipients undergoing ECMO after heart transplantation were summarized. Perioperative status and long-term prognosis of recipients were compared between two groups. Results Among 43 recipients undergoing ECMO, 17 cases underwent thoracotomy due to bleeding, 10 cases of infection, 4 cases of venous thrombosis of the lower limbs, and 1 case of stroke, respectively. Twenty-six recipients were recovered and discharged after successful weaning from ECMO, six died during ECMO support, six died after weaning from ECMO, five received retransplantation due to unsuccessful weaning from ECMO, and only one survived after retransplantation. Compared with the non-ECMO group, intraoperative cardiopulmonary bypass duration was significantly longer, the proportion of recipients requiring postoperative intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), dialysis due to renal insufficiency, reoperation for hemostasis, infection, mechanical ventilation time≥96 h and tracheotomy was significantly higher, and the length of postoperative intensive care unit (ICU) stay was significantly longer in the ECMO group (all P < 0.05). The survival rate after discharge and 90-d survival rate in the ECMO group were 63% and 96%, significantly lower than 97% and 100% in the non-ECMO group (both P < 0.05). Survival analysis showed that the long-term survival rate in the ECMO group was significantly lower than that in the non-ECMO group (P < 0.05). After excluding the recipients who died within 90 d after heart transplantation, no significant difference was observed in the long-term survival rate (P > 0.05). Conclusions ECMO is an effective treatment of EAD after heart transplantation. The short-term survival rate of recipients using ECMO after heart transplantation is lower than that of those who do not use ECMO, and there is no significant difference in long-term survival of recipients surviving 90 d after heart transplantation.

9.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 42-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-959018

ABSTRACT

At present, the heart of donor from donation after brain death are the primary organ sources for heart transplantation. After brain death, severe hemodynamic changes and a series of organ functional changes will occur, thereby leading to the functional damage or even loss of tissues and organs, especially the heart. Intimate relationship and interaction have been found in the physiology and pathophysiology between nervous and cardiovascular systems. After stroke, autonomic nervous disorder, neuroendocrine disorder and intense and persistent inflammatory reaction could be caused by the brain-heart axis reaction, leading to stroke-induced cardiac injuries, such as sympathetic storm, catecholamine storm, inflammatory storm, etc. In this article, research progresses on the mechanism of myocardial injury in heart from donors with stroke and the effect on clinical efficacy and prognosis after heart transplantation were reviewed, aiming to provide reference for clinical practice and subsequent research.

10.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 718-722, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994621

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the case characteristics and outcomes of 12 idiopathic giant cell myocarditis(IGCM)cases after heart transplantation(HT).Methods:From June 2004 to May 2022, clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for 12 cases with pathologically confirm IGCM after HT at Fuwai Hospital.General characteristics, clinical manifestations, pathological examinations and postoperative follow-ups are recorded.Results:From June 2004 to May 2022, a total of 1 143 HT operations are performed at Fuwai Hospital and 12 cases of IGCM(1.05%)are confirmed by postoperative pathology.The age is(47.6±7.3)years.There are 5 boys and 7 girls.Initial presenting manifestations are congestive heart failure(7 cases, 58.3%)and arrhythmia(4 cases, 33.3%). Median time from symptom onset to HT is 6 months.All of them are undiagnosed pre-operation.And dilated cardiomyopathy(5 cases, 41.7%)and arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy(3 cases, 25%)are confirmed.The follow-up period is(4~142)months post-HT.One death occurred during perioperative period and another is due to heart failure at 68 months post-HT.Only 1 case of grade 1R transplant heart rejection occurrs at 9 years post-HT and there is no case of recurrence.According to Kaplan-Meier survival analysis, cumulative survival rates of 1/5/10 years post-HT in IGCM patients are 91.7%, 91.7% and 73.3% respectively.No significant difference exist in survival rate for other etiologies post-HT(Log-rank P=0.265). Conclusions:HT is efficacious for end-stage IGCM.Regular and sufficient postoperative immunosuppression is vital for preventing heart transplant rejection and recurrent IGCM.Most IGCM patients have a decent prognosis post-HT.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 542-546, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-924682

ABSTRACT

@#In the late-breaking trials session of the American Heart Association’s Scientific Sessions 2021, which took place in November 2021, six clinical trials in cardiac surgery published their primary results. This review will look into three of them including the management of patients with moderate or less-than-moderate tricuspid regurgitation at the time of surgery for degenerative mitral regurgitation, timing of ticagrelor cessation before coronary artery bypass grafting, and long-term outcomes of ticagrelor-based antiplatelet therapy for secondary prevention of coronary artery bypass grafting.

12.
Organ Transplantation ; (6): 206-2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-920850

ABSTRACT

Objective To summarize the incidence of cardiac allograft vasculopathy (CAV) after heart transplantation and the effect on the long-term survival of recipients. Methods Clinical data of 1 006 heart transplant recipients were retrospectively analyzed. Of 48 CAV patients, 4 cases were not included in this analysis due to lack of imaging evidence. A total of 1 002 recipients were divided into the CAV group (n=44) and non-CAV group (n=958) according to the incidence of CAV. The incidence of CAV was summarized. Clinical data of all patients were statistically compared between two groups. Imaging diagnosis, coronary artery disease, drug treatment and complications, postoperative survival and causes of death of CAV patients were analyzed. Results Among 1 006 heart transplant recipients, 48 cases (4.77%) developed CAV. Compared with the non-CAV group, the proportion of preoperative smoking history, preoperative hypertension history, coronary artery disease and perioperative infection was significantly higher in the CAV group (all P < 0.05). Among 44 patients diagnosed with CAV by imaging examination, 24 cases were diagnosed with CAV by coronary CT angiography (CTA), 4 cases by coronary angiography (CAG), and 16 cases by coronary CTA combined with CAG. Among 44 patients, the proportion of grade Ⅰ CAV was 45% (20/44), 30% (13/44) for grade Ⅱ CAV and 25% (11/44) for grade Ⅲ CAV, respectively. All patients received long-term use of statins after operation, and 20 patients were given with antiplatelet drugs. Among 44 CAV patients, 11 patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention, 6 cases received repeated heart transplantation, and 8 patients died. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated that there was no significant difference in the long-term survival rate between the CAV and non-CAV groups (P > 0.05), whereas the survival rate of patients tended to decline after the diagnosis of CAV (at postoperative 6-7 years). The long-term survival rates of patients with grade Ⅰ, grade Ⅱ and grade Ⅲ CAV showed no significant difference (P > 0.05). Even for patients with grade Ⅰ CAV, the long-term survival rate tended to decline. Conclusions CAV is a common and intractable complication following heart transplantation, and the long-term survival rate of patients after the diagnosis of CAV tended to decline. Deepening understanding of CAV, prompt prevention, diagnosis and treatment should be delivered to improve the long-term survival rate of patients after heart transplantation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1532-1539, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953552

ABSTRACT

@#Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) belong to the very high-risk group of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Although CABG gets advantages in relieving symptoms and improving long-term outcomes, a significant risk of cardiovascular adverse events after surgery still exists and standardized secondary prevention is needed. Lipid management plays a critical role as a secondary preventive strategy in CABG. However, lipid management of CABG patients in real clinical setting is inadequate, including lack of standardized lipid-lowering strategy, low goal attainment rate, as well as poor long-term medication adherence. In recent years, a series of clinical trials have provided a lot of groundbreaking new evidence for lipid management in patients with cardiovascular diseases which offers new strategies together with objectives of lipid-lowering and comprehensive management for patients undergoing CABG. This article reviews the strategy and research progress of lipid management after CABG, aiming to provide objective reference for clinical treatment.

14.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 460-464, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958429

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the surgical strategy of coronary artery bypass grafting(CABG) for moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation(IMR), and to clarify the impact of mitral valve surgical intervention(MVS) on the long-term prognosis of such patients.Methods:The clinical data of 234 consecutive patients with moderate IMR who received CABG from January 2013 to December 2018 were retrospectively included, with 184 males and 50 females. The age ranged from 29 to 78 years, with a mean of(61.5 ± 8.7) years old. According to whether MVS was performed at the same time, they were divided into CABG group(108 cases, CABG alone) and CABG+ MVS group(126 cases, CABG+ MVS at the same time). The long-term cardiac events, all-cause deaths, major cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events(MACCE) and other end events were followed up. A matching queue was established by propensity matching score for statistical analysis.Results:After propensity matching score, a matching queue was established, including 78 pairs of patients. Survival analysis showed that the incidence of long-term cardiac events and postoperative new onset atrial fibrillation in CABG+ MVS group was significantly higher( P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the two groups in all-cause mortality, cardiogenic mortality, and the incidence of MACCE events( P>0.05). Cox regression analysis showed that simultaneous CABG+ MVS was a risk factor for long-term cardiac events and new postoperative atrial fibrillation. The results of subgroup studies showed that for patients without tricuspid regurgitation before operation, left ventricular end diastolic diameter>55 mm, and left ventricular ejection fraction(LVEF) ≤0.55, the probability of cardiac events after MVS at the same time of CABG was higher( P<0.05). However, patients with no tricuspid regurgitation before operation, left ventricular end diastolic diameter>55 mm, LVEF≤0.55, and left atrial diameter≥40 mm had a higher probability of atrial fibrillation after MVS at the same time of CABG( P<0.05). Conclusion:CABG can improve left ventricular remodeling in patients with moderate IMR, whether MVS intervention is performed at the same time or not, and the long-term survival rate of both is similar. CABG+ MVS in the same period can maintain a low residual reflux, but the incidence of long-term cardiac events and arrhythmias is high. The longer-term prognosis needs to be further studied. The surgical strategy of such patients should be selected individually according to the specific situation and the surgical quality in medical centers.

15.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 396-401, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985231

ABSTRACT

Among many factors that affect postmortem interval (PMI), temperature is undoubtedly the most important factor, but simply considering temperature in estimation of PMI has limitations. Accumulated degree days (ADD) is an important indicator related to biological growth and development, which considers two major variables, environmental temperature and elapsed time. Therefore, the establishment of mathematical model of ADD and some evaluation indicators to estimate PMI, is obviously better than single temperature variable. This article briefly describes the research history of ADD, its application in PMI estimation, and the problems it faces, to provide reference for the further development of ADD to improve the accuracy of PMI estimation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Autopsy , Forensic Pathology , Models, Theoretical , Postmortem Changes , Temperature
16.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 7-10, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985185

ABSTRACT

Objective To determine the purine adenylate [adenosine triphosphate (ATP), adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP)] content in the muscles of both hind limbs of rats at different postmortem interval (PMI), calculate the changes in the total adenine nucleotide (TAN) content and the adenylic-acid energy charge (AEC), and explore their relationship with PMI. Methods Healthy rats were sacrificed by cervical dislocation and kept at 20 ℃. The muscles of their hind limbs were extracted at 0, 24, 48, 72, 96, 120, 144, and 168 h after death. Reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography was used to determine the content of purine adenylates, the TAN and AEC of the muscles of the both hind limbs were calculated, and the related regression equations of their relationship with PMI were established. Results Within 168 h of death of rats, the trend of ATP change was different from ADP, and the content of AMP continuously increased. The TAN value gradually increased with the extension of PMI, and the AEC showed a downward trend within 168 h after death. Among them, the patterns of AEC changes with PMI were obvious, the correlation coefficient was high ( R2=0.903), and the curve fitting relationship was good; the fitting relationship between ATP, ADP, AMP, TAN and PMI was poor ( R2=0.198-0.754). Conclusion The postmortem change patterns of AEC provide new research ideas for PMI estimation in the forensic field.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Adenine Nucleotides , Adenosine Monophosphate , Forensic Pathology , Muscles , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Time Factors
17.
Chinese Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 422-426, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912299

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the mid-term result of two different valve-sparing root replacement techniques in acute type A aortic dissection: including reimplantation and remodeling.Methods:From March 2009 to December 2019, 41 patients with acute type A dissection and root involvement, who underwent a valve-sparing root replacement using reimplantation(36 cases) or remodeling(5 cases) were retrospectively analyzed in current study. The average age was(44.63±11.34) years old, 36 males. The differences of perioperative variables, postoperative aortic insufficiency and postoperative survival were compared between the two groups.Results:Thirty-day mortality for two groups was 2.8% and 20%( P=0.23). Remodeling group was significantly inferior to reimplantation group in terms of blood consumption(red blood cells, plasma and platelets), postoperative mechanical ventilation time, reoperation for bleeding and hemofiltration for acute renal failure. The median follow-up time of 39 discharged survivors was 34.56(3-121) months, and the follow-up rate was 100%. There was no follow-up death, no bleeding or embolism events, and no cardiovascular reoperation. Grade 2 or sever aortic regurgitation in remodeling group was significantly higher than that in reimplantation group( P=0.02). A Cox regression analysis identified that the remodeling technique was the independent risk factors of postoperative aortic regurgitation. Conclusion:Compared with remodeling technique, reimplantation technique has better perioperative and mid-term results in patients with acute type A aortic dissection. The rate of reoperation for bleeding, the blood consumption and the postoperative aortic regurgitation are significantly reduced. The long-term results need further follow-up.

18.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 978-983, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911557

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate immune effects of aminolevulinic acid-based photodynamic therapy (ALA-PDT) on mouse models of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) .Methods:Ultraviolet-induced SKH-1 hairless mouse models of cSCC were established, and 40 tumor-bearing mice were randomly and equally divided into several groups: control group receiving no treatment, and 7 treatment groups treated with ALA-PDT for 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 hours, as well as 3 and 7 days respectively. After treatment, these mice were sacrificed at different time points, and skin tissues measuring 5 mm 3 in size were resected. Immunohistochemical study and flow cytometry were performed to detect local infiltration of immune cells in cSCC tissues at different time points, including neutrophils, macrophages, T cells, B cells, natural killer cells and dendritic cells. Statistical analysis was done by the two-sample t test using SPSS 16.0 software. Results:The number and proportion of local neutrophils and macrophages showed the most significant increase in mouse cSCC tumors 1 hour after ALA-PDT compared with those before treatment (immunohistochemical results [number of cells per 400 × field]: 61.22 ± 6.65 vs. 22.56 ± 4.13, 59.67 ± 4.30 vs. 21.89 ± 3.26, respectively, both P < 0.05; flow cytometry results: 35.64% ± 15.33% vs. 5.46% ± 2.44%, 12.15% ± 4.86% vs. 1.98% ± 1.49%, respectively, both P < 0.05) . Both immunohistochemical study and flow cytometry showed that the expression of T cells, B cells, natural killer cells and dendritic cells significantly increased in cSCC tissues 6 hours after treatment (all P < 0.05) . After reaching the peak, the number and proportion of the above-mentioned cells decreased in cSCC tissues, but were still higher than those before treatment, and the increase continued until the end of this study, that is, day 7 after treatment. Conclusion:ALA-PDT may exert anti-tumor effects by recruiting immune cells, especially neutrophils and macrophages.

19.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 1851-1856, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908167

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect and nursing experience of papaverine intramuscular injection after finger replantation with self-designed hip intramuscular injection positioning device.Methods:Totally 216 cases of patients treated with palavering for anti-vasospasm after of severed fingers from January 2018 to December 2019 were randomly divided into control group (108 cases) and observation group (108 cases) by random number table method. The control group received intramuscular injection of buttock muscle according to the conventional method, and the observation group used the auxiliary intramuscular injection with self-designed glutei muscle positioning device. The incidence of postoperative hip indurations and ecchymosed, survival rate of and buttock were analyzed Pain scores were compared.Results:Totally 76 cases (70.37%) and 62 cases (48.15%) in the control group, 12 cases (11.11%) and 6 cases (5.56%) in the observation group. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant ( χ2 values were 78.545, 67.307, P<0.01). 78 cases (72.22%) survived in the control group and 96 cases (88.89%) survived in the observation group ( χ2 value was 11.416, P<0.01). After papaverine intramuscular injection, there was no significant difference in hip pain score between the two groups on the first and second day ( P>0.05), but there was significant difference between the two groups on the third to seventh day ( t values were 17.17 to 45.97, P<0.05). Conclusion:Palavering intramuscular injection can reduce the incidence of hip indurations and ecchymosed, relieve buttock pain and improve the survival rate of amputated finger, which is worthy of clinical application.

20.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 288-298, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873700

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To systematically review the models for predicting coronary artery disease (CAD) and demonstrate their predictive efficacy. Methods    PubMed, EMbase and China National Knowledge Internet were searched comprehensively by computer. We included studies which were designed to develop and validate predictive models of CAD. The studies published from inception to September 30, 2020 were searched. Two reviewers independently evaluated the studies according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria and extracted the baseline characteristics and metrics of model performance. Results    A total of 30 studies were identified, and 19 diagnostic predictive models were for CAD. Seventeen models had external validation group with area under curve (AUC)>0.7. The AUC for the external validation of the traditional models, including Diamond-Forrester model, updated Diamond-Forrester model, Duke Clinical Score, CAD consortium clinical score, ranged from 0.49 to 0.87. Conclusion    Most models have modest discriminative ability. The predictive efficacy of traditional models varies greatly among different populations.

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