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1.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 27-33, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007225

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the antitumor effects of metformin on ovarian cancer cells in vitro, particularly on tumor cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, migration, and possible mechanism. Methods Ovarian cancer cell lines (A2780, CAOV3, and SKOV3) were treated with different concentrations of metformin. Their proliferation was explored using the MTT and clone formation assays, cell migration was examined using the scratch and Transwell assays, and cell cycle and apoptosis were examined using flow cytometry. In addition, metformin’s effects on the phosphorylation of AMPK and mTOR and the expression of CXCR4 and Wnt/β-catenin protein was measured by Western blot. Results The survival rates of ovarian cancer cells decreased significantly with increasing metformin concentration and metformin treatment time. The IC50 values of metformin at 48 h for A2780, CAOV3, and SKOV3 cells were 16.36, 36.65, and 43.44 mmol/L, respectively. Compared with the control group, the clone formation ability and cell migration ability of ovarian cancer cells were significantly inhibited by metformin treatment and cell cycle arrested at the G0/G1 phase, and the apoptosis rate increased. As metformin concentration increased, the expression of phosphorylated AMPK protein gradually increased, and the expression levels of phosphorylated mTOR, CXCR4, Dvl3, β-catenin, cyclin D1, and CDK1 decreased. Conclusion Metformin exerts an antitumor effect on ovarian cancer cells, which is related to the activation of AMPK to inhibit CXCR4-mediated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.

2.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 707-711, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the ameliorative effects and mechanism of Sanwei ganlu on hepatic fibrosis in rats. METHODS The rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, silibinin group (positive control, 50 mg/kg), and Sanwei ganlu low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups (80, 250, 800 mg/kg). Except for normal group, hepatic fibrosis rat models were established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in the other groups of rats. Starting from the 6th week of modeling administration, they were given normal saline or corresponding drugs intragastrically at the same time. At the end of the ninth-week experiment, liver and spleen indexes of rats were calculated; the pathological structure and fibrosis changes of liver tissue were observed by HE, Masson and Sirus Red staining. The contents of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), procollagen type Ⅲ (PC Ⅲ), collagen type Ⅳ (COL-Ⅳ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1β in serum, and hyaluronic acid (HA) and laminin (LN) in liver tissue were all detected. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the liver injury and collagen fiber deposition of rats were improved to different extents in Sanwei ganlu groups and silibinin group; the contents of ALT, AST, PC Ⅲ, COL-Ⅳ, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in serum as well as the contents of HA and LN in liver tissue significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Sanwei ganlu can alleviate the progression of hepatic fibrosis in rats, possibly by inhibiting the synthesis of collagen fiber, reducing transaminase content, down-regulating the levels of HA, LN, PC Ⅲ and COL-Ⅳ, and reducing the inflammatory response.

3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 42-46, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009351

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the genetic polymorphisms of short-tandem repeats (STR) for the D13S317 locus among an ethnic Han Chinese population and verify a novel tri-allelic pattern identified for the locus.@*METHODS@#A total of 378 paternity test cases from Guangdong Forensic Authentication Institute from October 17, 2017 to December 28, 2017 were selected as the study subjects. A GlobalFilerTM Express kit was used for the STR genotyping. Samples suspected for having a novel tri-allelic pattern were verified with a PowerPlex 21 kit. Potential variant of the primer-binding region and flanking sequences underlying the tri-allelic pattern was excluded by molecular cloning and sequencing.@*RESULTS@#Six alleles were detected for the D13S317 locus, with the characteristic distribution frequencies being 8 (29.1%), 9 (13.1%), 10 (15.21%), 11 (24.21%), 12 (13.89%) and 13 (3.44%), respectively. In one of the families, the D13S317 locus of the proband was suspected to harbor a triband allele (8, 9, 10). A re-test has confirmed the result of initial test. Molecular cloning and sequencing analysis of the D13S317 locus in the proband and his daughter has failed to find allelic variants in the primer-binding region and flanking sequence, which has confirmed the novel tri-allelic pattern for the locus.@*CONCLUSION@#A novel type 2 tri-allelic pattern (8, 9, 10) at the D13S317 locus has been identified among the ethnic Han Chinese population. The pattern has not been transmitted to the female offspring, and has been included in the international STRBase database for the first time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Alleles , China , Cloning, Molecular , Gene Frequency , Genetics, Population , Microsatellite Repeats , Polymorphism, Genetic , East Asian People/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 264-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995935

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of autologous costal cartilage cortex as nasal tip support and modified graft for nasal tip contour improvement.Methods:From June 2020 to June 2021, 116 patients (male 26, female 90, aged 20-45 years) who received rhinoplasty in the cosmetic surgery department of Myoung Beaucare Clinic of Beijing, were examined the costal cartilage by CT, and the costal cartilage was cut. The costal cartilage cortex was made into " strip" and " cap" grafts to shape the nasal tip, and the nasal dorsum was raised by polytetrafluoroethylene or silicone prosthesis for comprehensive rhinoplasty.Results:A total of 116 patients were followed up for an average of 11.7 months. After the operation, there was no space occupying in the nasal cavity, no graft protrusion, no obvious foreign body feeling in the nasal valve, and the nasal tip could swing left and right. At the same time, the nasal tip showed obvious signs, the lower lobule was full, and there were no complications such as cartilage appearance, exposure, infection, etc. Due to the untreated deviation of nasal septum, 3 cases had deviation of nasal columella and asymmetric nostrils. The shape of nasal tip was stable in the remaining 113 cases, and satisfactory results were obtained.Conclusions:By using autologous costal cartilage cortex as nasal tip support and modification graft for nasal tip contour improvement, the shaped nasal tip is soft and movable, and does not affect the airway. It is a good surgical technique in nasal tip plastic surgery, which is worthy of clinical application.

5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Aesthetics and Cosmetology ; (6): 182-185, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995922

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the application of nasal aesthetic polygon theory in the reconstruction of new domes on nasal tip with autogenous costal cartilage.Methods:From June 2019 to June 2021, 116 patients (26 males and 90 females) received rhinoplasty, CT-assisted examination of the costal cartilage, nasal bone and nasal cartilage was performed, and the autogenous costal cartilaginous cortex was used to make dome reconstruction grafts that were transplanted to the original alar cartilage and partially fixed to the original nasal septum cartilage to form a satisfactory and natural nasal shape.Results:All the patients were followed up for 6-24 months. No cartilaginous, overrotated or underrotated appearance was found in nasal tip. The shape of nasal tip was clear and good, with an obvious performance point and full lower lobule. The nose was tall and straight, and looked natural and beautiful in three dimensions.Conclusions:The nasal aesthetic polygon theory is used to guide the reconstruction of new domes with autogenous costal cartilage in nasal tip surgery. Compared to the cap and shield grafts, the nasal tip is more close to the normal anatomical structure, the shape and texture are more similiar to the natural state and the nasal tip is softer by using autogenous costal cartilage, and so it is an ideal surgical procedure for nasal tip reconstruction.

6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 365-371, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995392

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility of smart phone real-time picture exchange-assisted telecytopathology for rapid on-site evaluation (tele-ROSE), and the role of tele-ROSE in improving the diagnostic efficiency of endoscopic physicians.Methods:Data of patients who underwent endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) from April 2020 to May 2021 in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University were retrospectively collected. Patients who didn't receive ROSE from April 2020 to October 2020 were enrolled in the non-ROSE group, and those who underwent ROSE from November 2020 to May 2021 were enrolled in the ROSE group, of which endosonographers used WeChat on the smartphone to send ROSE images to cytopathologists from November 2020 to March 2021 were the mobile phone group, and those whose ROSE results independently diagnosed by trained endosonographers from April 2021 to May 2021 were the self-ROSE group. Basic information, ROSE results, postoperative pathology and follow-up were compared, and the diagnostic effectiveness of tele-ROSE was analyzed.Results:A total of 188 cases were included, of which 179 cases (95.2%) were solid pancreatic lesions and 9 (4.8%) were enterocoelia lesions. There was no significant difference in the puncture time among the non-ROSE, mobile phone and self-ROSE groups [3 (3, 4) VS 3 (3, 4) VS 3 (2, 4), H=1.320, P=0.517]. With the final diagnosis as the golden standard, the sensitivity, the specificity, the accuracy, the positive predictive value, the negative predictive value and Kappa value of the non-ROSE group were 80.6% (58/72), 89.5% (17/19), 82.4% (75/91), 96.7% (58/60), 54.8% (17/31), and 0.6 respectively. The corresponding indices in the ROSE group were 97.4% (74/76), 100.0% (21/21), 97.9% (95/97), 100.0% (74/74), 91.3% (21/23), and 0.9 respectively, those of the mobile phone group were 95.2% (40/42), 100.0% (10/10), 96.2% (50/52), 100.0% (40/40), 83.3% (10/12), and 0.9 respcetively, and those of the self-ROSE group were 100.0% (34/34), 100.0% (11/11), 100.0% (45/45), 100.0% (34/34), 100.0% (11/11), and 1.0 respectively. The sensitivity ( P=0.002), the accuracy ( P=0.001) and the negative predictive value ( P=0.009) of the ROSE group were significantly higher than those of the non-ROSE group, and there was no significant difference in other diagnostic efficacy indices ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference between the mobile phone group and the self-ROSE group in diagnostic efficacy ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Instant smartphone-assisted tele-ROSE through WeChat can well meet the needs of pathologists and endoscopic physicians. After the application of tele-ROSE training, the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic physicians is equivalent to that of cytopathologist, which helps to obtain more sufficient specimens under endoscopy and improve the diagnostic accuracy of EUS-FNA.

7.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1051-1055, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992422

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the value of shear wave elastography (SWE) in evaluating carotid artery elasticity in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).Methods:A total of 98 T2DM patients diagnosed in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University were selected and divided into three groups according to the results of liver ultrasound examination. 35 patients without NAFLD were in group A, 33 patients with mild NAFLD were in group B, and 30 patients with moderate to severe NAFLD were in group C. All selected individuals showed no plaque formation on carotid ultrasound examination. Left carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT), carotid artery systolic diameter (Ds), carotid artery diastolic diameter (Dd), and peak systolic velocity (PSV) were measured using conventional two-dimensional and M-mode ultrasound. The stiffness coefficient (β) was obtained through calculation. SWE was used to measure the mean longitudinal modulus of elasticity (MEmean), mean minimum modulus of elasticity (MEmin), and mean maximum modulus of elasticity (MEmax) of the left carotid artery at the end of diastole.Results:There was no statistically significant difference in Ds, Dd, and PSV among the three groups (all P>0.05). Compared with group A and group B, group C had significantly higher IMT, β, MEmean, MEmax, and MEmin (all P<0.05). Compared with the group A, the group B had higher levels of MEmean, MEmax, and MEmin (all P<0.05), there was no statistically significant difference in IMT and β between the groups (all P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that MEmax, MEmean, and MEmin in each group were positively correlated with β ( r=0.537, 0.543, 0.525, P<0.01), and also positively correlated with HbA 1c ( r=0.456, 0.483, 0.438, P<0.01), but not with IMT (all P>0.05). The intra observer Intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) of MEmax, MEmean and MEmin measured by SWE was 0.847-0.887, and the inter observer ICC was 0.791-0.934, indicating a good repeatability. Conclusions:SWE can quantitatively evaluate the elasticity of the carotid artery in patients with T2DM and NAFLD.

8.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 216-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-991289

ABSTRACT

In view of the problems existing in the probation teaching of obstetrics and gynecology, such as patients' non-cooperation, few cases and few practical opportunities. This study discusses the application effect of case teaching based on "Rain Classroom" and standardized patients in the obstetrics and gynecology probation course. The teaching is carried out by carefully selecting cases, refining pre-class preparation, adopting various teaching forms, and carrying out evaluation after class. In order to evaluate the teaching effect, an anonymous survey was carried out among 330 undergraduate interns majoring in clinical medicine, prevention, and forensic medicine in Batch 2015. The results showed that 210 (93.8%) of 224 (67.9%) students who participated in the survey believed that this method could promote learning enthusiasm and 200 students (89.3%) thought it could activate classroom atmosphere more than traditional teaching; most students thought it improved students' communication ability (163, 72.8%), clinical practice ability (189, 84.4%), and ability to analyze and solve problems (171, 76.3%) and deepening the understanding, mastery and application of knowledge (158, 70.5%). It shows that this method can improve the teaching effect of obstetrics and gynecology probation course to a certain extent.

9.
Chinese Journal of Practical Nursing ; (36): 234-241, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990166

ABSTRACT

Objective:To review the scope of related factors that affect the elderly′s participation in digital health intervention, and to provide a certain reference for the application and development of smart elderly technology.Methods:Based on the scope review guidelines issued by the Joanna Briggs Institute in Australia in 2019, the inclusion and exclusion criteria were determined according to the PCCS principles. Chinese and English literatures were searched in PubMed, Cochrane Library, JBI, CINAHL, Web of Science, Scopus, CNKI, Wanfang database and Chinese biomedical literature database. The search time limit was from the establishment of the database to November 30, 2021. Two researchers independently read, and used EndNoteX9 and Excel tables to extract relevant data from the literature for summary and analysis.Results:Totally 20 articles were selected, including 2 mixed studies, 10 cross-sectional studies, 6 qualitative studies, and 2 quasi-experimental studies. Relevant factors affecting the participation of the elderly in digital health interventions involved the developers, users and the user himself of digital health intervention systems, including the degree of system integration of system development, the degree of autonomy of the elderly, the credibility and accessibility of system equipment and ease of use; the degree of compatibility of equipment in the process of use, the degree of digital infrastructure configuration, the degree of Internet penetration, the availability and reliability of health information resources, the degree of training and education, the degree of communication with the elderly in the process of participation, financial payment, etc.; the four inherent factors of the elderly included the cost of technology use, technical anxiety, privacy and safety, and health needs.Conclusions:The elderly, medical staff, developers and other stakeholders should jointly participate in decision-making on the development and management of the digital health intervention system for the elderly, especially by inviting and empowering the elderly , and improve the training and feedback of the system application and use process, accelerate the popularization and promotion of technical resources, and increase social capital and financial payment incentives to reduce the burden on the elderly and the medical system.

10.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 809-813, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008134

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the effects of different application sequences of neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet(Nd∶YAG)laser and the desensitizing toothpaste containing stannous fluoride on dentinal tubule occlusion.Methods Twelve intact third molars freshly extracted from human were selected and prepared into dentin slices with a thickness of 0.8 mm.Each dentin slice was subdivided into four small slices,three of which were etched with 6% citric acid and randomly assigned to the following three groups(n=12):(1)control group:no treatment;(2)Nd∶YAG+toothbrushing(TB)group:first irradiated with Nd∶YAG laser and then brushed with desensitizing toothpaste;(3)TB+Nd∶YAG group:first brushed with desensitizing toothpaste and then irradiated with Nd∶YAG laser.The Nd∶YAG laser irradiation were carried out at 1 W,15 pulses/s,and the pulse width of 150 μs for 10 s(for a total of 6 cycles).After the above treatment,the 12 dentin slices from the Nd∶YAG+TB and TB+Nd∶YAG groups were randomly assigned to four subgroups(n=3)and subjected to acid etching in the Coca-Cola solution for 0,5,10,and 15 min.A scanning electron microscope was used to observe and photograph the dentin slices in each group,and eight single-blinded examiners scored the slices according to uniform criteria.The analysis of variance was carried out to compared the scores between groups.Results Before acid etching,the dentin tubule occlusion scores of the Nd∶YAG+TB and TB+Nd∶YAG groups were(4.83±0.09) scores and(3.85±0.66) scores,respectively,which had no significant difference between each other(P=0.0590)and were higher than that[(0.10±0.07)scores]of the control group(both P<0.0001).The dentin tubule occlusion scores of the Nd∶YAG+TB group after acid etching for 5,10,and 15 min were(4.33±0.60)scores,(4.27±0.24)scores,and(3.63±0.07)scores,respectively,which were not significantly different from those[(4.04±0.10)scores,(3.76±0.59)scores,and(3.17±0.29)scores,respectively]of the TB+Nd∶YAG group(all P>0.05).In the Nd∶YAG+TB subgroup,the dentin tubule occlusion score after acid etching for 15 min was significantly lower than that before acid etching(P=0.0011).In the TB+Nd∶YAG group,there was no statistically significant difference in the score between before and after acid etching(P>0.05).Conclusions Nd∶YAG laser irradiation with appropriate parameters combined with the use of desensitizing toothpaste could produce an excellent occluding effect on dentinal tubules regardless of the sequence.However,brushing with desensitizing toothpaste followed by Nd∶YAG laser irradiation produced more consistent dentin sealing after acid etching.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dentin , Dentin Sensitivity/therapy , Lasers, Solid-State/therapeutic use , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Toothpastes/pharmacology
11.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 581-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008105

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Weidiao-3(WD-3)Mixture on the clinical efficacy of immunotherapy for advanced gastric cancer and the intestinal flora.Methods Fifty-one patients with advanced gastric cancer treated in Wuxi Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were randomized into a WD-3 group(immunotherapy + WD-3 Mixture,one dose per day)(n=25)and a gastric cancer(GC) group(only immunotherapy)(n=26)according to the admission time.Ten healthy volunteers were included as the healthy control group.The Karnofsky score and the Quality of Life Questionnare-Core score were evaluated before and after treatment,and the clinical efficacy was compared after treatment.After treatment,the stool samples were collected for 16SrRNA gene high-throughput sequencing and targeted metabolomics.The α and β diversity and structure of the intestinal flora and the content of short-chain fatty acids were compared between groups.Results The quality of life in both groups improved after treatment and was better in the WD-3 group than in the GC group(P=0.035).The dry mouth(P=0.038)and altered taste(P=0.008)were mitigated in the WD-3 group after treatment,and the reflux(P=0.001)and dry mouth(P=0.022)were mitigated in the GC group after treatment.After treatment,the WD-3 group outperformed the GC group in terms of dysphagia(P=0.047)and dry mouth(P=0.045).The WD-3 group was superior to the GC group in terms of objective remission rate and disease control rate,with prolonged median progression-free survival and median overall survival(P=0.039,P=0.043).The α and β diversity indexes of the intestinal flora showed no significant differences between WD-3 and GC groups(all P>0.05).At the phylum level,WD-3 and GC groups had lower relative abundance of Firmicutes(P=0.038,P=0.042)and higher relative abundance of Proteobacteria(P=0.016,P=0.015)than the healthy control group.The relative abundance of Actinomycetes in the GC group was lower than that in the healthy control group(P=0.035)and the WD-3 group(P=0.046).At the genus level,the GC group had lower relative abundance of Bifidobacteria and Coprococcus than the healthy control group and the WD-3 group(all P<0.001).LEfSe revealed the differences in the relative abundance of 6 intestinal bacterial taxa between the WD-3 group and the GC group.At the genus level,Saccharopolyspora had higher relative abundance in the WD-3 group than in the healthy control group and only existed in the WD-3 group.The content of isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid in the WD-3 group was higher than that in the healthy control group(P=0.037,P=0.004).Conclusion WD-3 Mixture may increase the relative abundance of Bifidobacteria and Coprococcus and the content of isobutyric acid and isovaleric acid to alter the intestinal microecology,thereby improving the efficacy of immunotherapy for gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Isobutyrates , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Quality of Life , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy , Immunotherapy , Treatment Outcome
12.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 930-939, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007867

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Clinical characteristics and outcome in COVID-19 with brucellosis patients has not been well demonstrated, we tried to analyze clinical outcome in local and literature COVID-19 cases with brucellosis before and after recovery.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively collected hospitalization data of comorbid patients and prospectively followed up after discharge in Heilongjiang Infectious Disease Hospital from January 15, 2020 to April 29, 2022. Demographics, epidemiological, clinical symptoms, radiological and laboratory data, treatment medicines and outcomes, and follow up were analyzed, and findings of a systematic review were demonstrated.@*RESULTS@#A total of four COVID-19 with brucellosis patients were included. One patient had active brucellosis before covid and 3 patients had nonactive brucellosis before brucellosis. The median age was 54.5 years, and all were males (100.0%). Two cases (50.0%) were moderate, and one was mild and asymptomatic, respectively. Three cases (75.0%) had at least one comorbidity (brucellosis excluded). All 4 patients were found in COVID-19 nucleic acid screening. Case C and D had only headache and fever on admission, respectively. Four cases were treated with Traditional Chinese medicine, western medicines for three cases, no adverse reaction occurred during hospitalization. All patients were cured and discharged. Moreover, one case (25.0%) had still active brucellosis without re-positive COVID-19, and other three cases (75.0%) have no symptoms of discomfort except one case fell fatigue and anxious during the follow-up period after recovery. Conducting the literature review, two similar cases have been reported in two case reports, and were both recovered, whereas, no data of follow up after recovery.@*CONCLUSION@#These cases indicate that COVID-19 patients with brucellosis had favorable outcome before and after recovery. More clinical studies should be conducted to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brucellosis , COVID-19 , Retrospective Studies , SARS-CoV-2 , Treatment Outcome , Case Reports as Topic
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2839-2846, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007626

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The presence of fibrosis is a criterion for subtype classification in the newly updated hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) guidelines. The present study aimed to summarize differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis of non-fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (NFHP) and fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis (FHP) and explore factors associated with the presence of fibrosis.@*METHODS@#In this prospective cohort study, patients diagnosed with HP through a multidisciplinary discussion were enrolled. Collected data included demographic and clinical characteristics, laboratory findings, and radiologic and histopathological features. Logistic regression analyses were performed to explore factors related to the presence of fibrosis.@*RESULTS@#A total of 202 patients with HP were enrolled, including 87 (43.1%) NFHP patients and 115 (56.9%) FHP patients. Patients with FHP were older and more frequently presented with dyspnea, crackles, and digital clubbing than patients with NFHP. Serum levels of carcinoembryonic antigen, carbohydrate antigen 125, carbohydrate antigen 153, gastrin-releasing peptide precursor, squamous cell carcinoma antigen, and antigen cytokeratin 21-1, and count of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) eosinophils were higher in the FHP group than in the NFHP group. BAL lymphocytosis was present in both groups, but less pronounced in the FHP group. Multivariable regression analyses revealed that older age, <20% of lymphocyte in BAL, and ≥1.75% of eosinophil in BAL were risk factors for the development of FHP. Twelve patients developed adverse outcomes, with a median survival time of 12.5 months, all of whom had FHP.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Older age, <20% of lymphocyte in BAL, and ≥1.75% of eosinophil in BAL were risk factors associated with the development of FHP. Prognosis of patients with NFHP was better than that of patients with FHP. These results may provide insights into the mechanisms of fibrosis in HP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Prospective Studies , Alveolitis, Extrinsic Allergic/diagnosis , Fibrosis , Carbohydrates
14.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1417-1421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013953

ABSTRACT

Methamphetamine abuse and HIV infection are extremely serious public health and social problems facing the world today. Methamphetamine and HIV-1 Tat protein can induce neurotoxicity in an individual and synergistic way, and neuroinflammation is one of the most important mechanisms for ca-using neurotoxicity. Neuroinflammation can be mediated by glial cells, cytokines, NLRP3 inflammasomes, etc. This paper reviews the research progress of neuroinflammation induced by methamphetamine and HIV-1 Tat protein in recent years, with the aim of providing reference and basis for further exploration of the mechanisms of neuroinflammation caused by them and effective drug intervention targets in the future.

15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1014-1019, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013775

ABSTRACT

Fibrosis is a repair response initiated by tissues and organs after injury, and is a self-protection mechanism of the body. It has been found that endothelium-to-interstitial transdifferentiation (EndMT) is involved in the physiological and pathological processes of various organ fibrosis, which has become a focus of the research on fibrotic diseases. In recent years, the study has found that EndMT plays an important role in many pathological processes in cardiovascular system, lungs, kidneys, liver, pancreas fibrosis, and so on. This article summarizes EndMT regulatory mechanism and its role in each organ fibrosis, as well as the related treatment progress of EndMT targets, so as to provide new targets for prevention and control of organ fibrosis.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1385-1392, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013773

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore he preventive and therapeutic effects of Tongbu-fangchan prescription on aceylcholine-calcium chloride (Ach-CaCl

17.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1098-1102, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013231

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the clinical characteristics of tumour necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) in children. Methods: The clinical manifestations, laboratory tests, genetic testing and follow-up of 10 children with TRAPS from May 2011 to May 2021 in 6 hospitals in China were retrospectively analyzed. Results: Among the 10 patients with TRAPS, including 8 boys and 2 girls. The age of onset was 2 (1, 5) years, the age of diagnosis was (8±4) years, and the time from onset to diagnosis was 3 (1, 7) years. A total of 7 types of TNFRSF1A gene variants were detected, including 5 paternal variations, 1 maternal variation and 4 de novo variations. Six children had a family history of related diseases. Clinical manifestations included recurrent fever in 10 cases, rash in 4 cases, abdominal pain in 6 cases, joint involvement in 6 cases, periorbital edema in 1 case, and myalgia in 4 cases. Two patients had hematological system involvement. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were significantly increased in 10 cases. All patients were negative for autoantibodies. In the course of treatment, 5 cases were treated with glucocorticoids, 7 cases with immunosuppressants, and 7 cases with biological agents. Conclusions: TRAPS is clinically characterized by recurrent fever accompanied by joint, gastrointestinal, skin, and muscle involvement. Inflammatory markers are elevated, and autoantibodies are mostly negative. Treatment mainly involves glucocorticoids, immunosuppressants, and biological agents.


Subject(s)
Male , Child , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Receptors, Tumor Necrosis Factor, Type I/genetics , Retrospective Studies , Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases/drug therapy , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Biological Factors/therapeutic use , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Autoantibodies , Familial Mediterranean Fever/diagnosis , Mutation
18.
China Tropical Medicine ; (12): 139-2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979606

ABSTRACT

@#Abstract:Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and early diagnostic methods of patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection, so as to reduce the mortality of patients. Methods The clinical characteristics and microbiological analysis data including fungal culture, smear examination and mass spectrometry were collected from 18 patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection in the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Department of Tuberculosis, and Department of Critical Respiratory Medicine in Fuzhou Pulmonary Hospital from January 2017 to December 2021, and descriptive analysis was conducted. Results All the 18 patients were confirmed to be infected with Talaromyces marneffei by conventional culture and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry (MS). The main infection sites of 18 patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection were lungs and lymph nodes, and the patients were accompanied by clinical manifestations such as cough, sputum and fever. The imaging features such as patchy shadows, mediastinal lymph node shadows and nodular shadows were common. Microbiological testing showed a statistically significant difference between smear and culture with a higher positive culture rate (χ2=13.74, P<0.05). The positive rate of blood culture in microbiological test was 60.0% (9/15), the positive rate of bronchial lavage fluid culture was 26.7% (4/15), the positive rate of sputum culture was 5.6% (1/18), one case each of pus, bone marrow, pleural fluid and cerebrospinal fluid was positive for culture and the other cases were negative, one case of sputum and one case of pus were positive for smear and the rest were negative. Colony characteristics showed that the colony morphology was mycelial phase at 25 ℃, producing red pigment, and the branching pattern of the penicillus was seen microscopically as monoverticillate or biverticillate; At 35 ℃, the yeast phase appeared at the initial stage, and then the mycelium phase changed after 5-6 days; the yeast phase was observed at 37 ℃, and yeast-like cells were seen under the microscope. All 18 patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection got better after using antifungal drugs. Compared with non-HIV patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection, leukopenia and anemia were common in HIV patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05).  Conclusions The infection of Talaromyces marneffei can be divided into localized type and disseminated type, which usually invade the lungs, skin, lymph nodes and other places. The main manifestations of patients are fever, cough, phlegm and other atypical symptoms. At present, the diagnosis of Talaromyces marneffei infection is mostly based on the fungal culture test, and the application of MALDI-TOF MS method can effectively shorten the diagnosis time of Talaromycosis marneffei. Clinical characteristics combined with microbiological analysis provide an objective basis for early diagnosis of patients with Talaromyces marneffei infection, and timely use of antifungal therapy can improve the prognosis of patients.

19.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 956-960, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971858

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common type of liver cancer in China, and the development and progression of HCC is a complex pathological process. As a new way of cell death, ferroptosis has huge potential in the treatment of HCC. This article introduces the mechanism of action of the tumor suppressor p53 in regulating ferroptosis and briefly describes its role in the development and progression of HCC. The tumor suppressor p53 can promote or inhibit ferroptosis by affecting solute carrier family 7 member 11, spermidine/spermine N1-acety-ltransferase 1, glutaminase 2, dipeptidyl peptidase 4, and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor 1A, which in turn affects the progression of HCC. The treatment of HCC by regulating the ferroptosis pathway has great application prospects.

20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 157-173, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971705

ABSTRACT

Metabolic reprogramming is a hallmark of cancer, including lung cancer. However, the exact underlying mechanism and therapeutic potential are largely unknown. Here we report that protein arginine methyltransferase 6 (PRMT6) is highly expressed in lung cancer and is required for cell metabolism, tumorigenicity, and cisplatin response of lung cancer. PRMT6 regulated the oxidative pentose phosphate pathway (PPP) flux and glycolysis pathway in human lung cancer by increasing the activity of 6-phospho-gluconate dehydrogenase (6PGD) and α-enolase (ENO1). Furthermore, PRMT6 methylated R324 of 6PGD to enhancing its activity; while methylation at R9 and R372 of ENO1 promotes formation of active ENO1 dimers and 2-phosphoglycerate (2-PG) binding to ENO1, respectively. Lastly, targeting PRMT6 blocked the oxidative PPP flux, glycolysis pathway, and tumor growth, as well as enhanced the anti-tumor effects of cisplatin in lung cancer. Together, this study demonstrates that PRMT6 acts as a post-translational modification (PTM) regulator of glucose metabolism, which leads to the pathogenesis of lung cancer. It was proven that the PRMT6-6PGD/ENO1 regulatory axis is an important determinant of carcinogenesis and may become a promising cancer therapeutic strategy.

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