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1.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3539-3548, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1004637

ABSTRACT

Cancer and cardiovascular diseases are the two major causes of death worldwide. The application of anti-tumor drugs has significantly improved the prognosis of patients, the cardiovascular toxicity caused by the application of them has become an important factor affecting the survival and prognosis of cancer patients. Therefore, the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular toxicity related to cancer treatment is increasingly important. The cardiovascular toxicity associated with anti-tumor drugs exhibits different clinical manifestations and involves multiple pathological mechanisms. This article reviews the current research progress from the perspective of the characteristics, molecular mechanisms and prevention and treatment strategies of cardiovascular toxicity caused by cancer drugs.

2.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 575-583, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980762

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To systematically review the efficacy of acupuncture for the treatment of tobacco withdrawal syndrome.@*METHODS@#The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) regarding acupuncture for treatment of tobacco withdrawal syndrome were searched in CNKI, Wanfang, VIP, SinoMed, PubMed, Cochrane, Medline and EMbase databases. The search period was from January 1st of 2011 to December 31st of 2021. After data extraction and bias risk assessment of the included literature, the Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan5.4.1 software.@*RESULTS@#Totally 23 RCTs were included, including 2 120 patients. The Meta-analysis results showed that compared with medication, acupuncture showed no significant difference at improving Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND) score (MD=0.16, 95%CI: -0.08, 0.41), heaviness of smoking index (HSI) score (MD=0.11, 95%CI: -0.13, 0.36), Minnesota nicotine withdrawal scale (MNWS) score (MD=0.12, 95%CI: -0.11, 1.35), questionnaire of smoking urges (QSU) score (MD=-0.30, 95%CI: -2.78, 2.18), Hamilton depression scale (HAMD) score (MD=0.76, 95%CI: -1.54, 3.06), abstinence rate (RR=0.95, 95% CI: 0.82, 1.10) and effective rate (RR=1.01, 95%CI: 0.95, 1.07). Acupuncture was superior to sham acupuncture in reducing MNWS score (MD=-4.88, 95%CI: -5.21, -4.55, P<0.000 01). Acupuncture was superior to cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing FTND score (MD=-1.41, 95%CI: -1.74, -1.08), MNWS score (MD=-4.28, 95%CI: -5.31, -3.25) and increasing abstinence rate (RR=2.19, 95%CI: 1.39, 3.45, P<0.000 01, P<0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Acupuncture could effectively improve tobacco withdrawal syndrome, increase abstinence rate and effective rate. Limited by the quantity and quality of the included studies, this conclusion needs to be verified by more studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nicotiana , Acupuncture Therapy , Syndrome , Nicotine , Smoking
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 702-708, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984707

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)/high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio with the severity of coronary artery disease and 2-yeat outcome in patients with premature coronary heart disease. Methods: This prospective, multicenter, observational cohort study is originated from the PROMISE study. Eighteen thousand seven hundred and one patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) were screened from January 2015 to May 2019. Three thousand eight hundred and sixty-one patients with premature CHD were enrolled in the current study. According to the median LDL-C/HDL-C ratio (2.4), the patients were divided into two groups: low LDL-C/HDL-C group (LDL-C/HDL-C≤2.4, n=1 867) and high LDL-C/HDL-C group (LDL-C/HDL-C>2.4, n=1 994). Baseline data and 2-year major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE) were collected and analyzed in order to find the differences between premature CHD patients at different LDL-C/HDL-C levels, and explore the correlation between LDL-C/HDL-C ratio with the severity of coronary artery disease and MACCE. Results: The average age of the low LDL-C/HDL-C ratio group was (48.5±6.5) years, 1 154 patients were males (61.8%); the average age of high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio group was (46.5±6.8) years, 1 523 were males (76.4%). The number of target lesions, the number of coronary artery lesions, the preoperative SNYTAX score and the proportion of three-vessel coronary artery disease in the high LDL-C/HDL-C group were significantly higher than those in the low LDL-C/HDL-C group (1.04±0.74 vs. 0.97±0.80, P=0.002; 2.04±0.84 vs. 1.85±0.84, P<0.001; 13.81±8.87 vs. 11.70±8.05, P<0.001; 36.2% vs. 27.4%, respectively, P<0.001). Correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation between LDL-C/HDL-C ratio and preoperative SYNTAX score, the number of coronary artery lesions, the number of target lesions and whether it was a three-vessel coronary artery disease (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of MACCE was significantly higher in the high LDL-C/HDL-C group than that in the low LDL-C/HDL-C group (6.9% vs. 9.1%, P=0.011). There was no significant difference in the incidence of all-cause death, cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stroke, revascularization and bleeding between the two groups. Cox multivariate regression analysis showed that the LDL-C/HDL-C ratio has no correlation with 2-year MACCE, death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, stroke and bleeding events above BARC2 in patients with premature CHD. Conclusion: High LDL-C/HDL-C ratio is positively correlated with the severity of coronary artery disease in patients with premature CHD. The incidence of MACCE of patients with high LDL-C/HDL-C ratio is significantly higher during 2 years follow-up; LDL-C/HDL-C ratio may be an indicator for evaluating the severity of coronary artery disease and long-term prognosis in patients with premature CHD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Female , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL , Prospective Studies , Myocardial Infarction/etiology , Stroke , Risk Factors
4.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1049-1054, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775058

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes and significance of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1) in left ventricular remodeling in FVB/N mice.@*METHODS@#A total of 54 FVB/N mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: 0 d group with 8 mice, 7 d group with 10 mice, 14 d group with 16 mice, and 21 d group with 20 mice. A model of cardiac remodeling was established by intraperitoneal injection of isoproterenol (ISO) at a daily dose of 30 mg/kg, and the 7 d, 14 d, and 21 d groups were injected for 7, 14, and 21 consecutive days respectively. The 0 d group was given intraperitoneal injection of an equal volume of normal saline. Echocardiography was used to measure left ventricular posterior wall thickness at end diastole (dLVPW) and the ratio of heart weight to tibia length (HW/TL) was measured. Hematoxylin-eosin staining was used to measure left ventricular myocardial fiber diameter. Picric-Sirius red staining was used to measure myocardial collagen deposition area in the left ventricle. Quantitative real-time PCR was used to measure the mRNA expression of ASK1, type I collagen (collagen I), and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP). The mortality rate was observed for each group.@*RESULTS@#There were gradual increases in HW/TL, myocardial fiber diameter, and dLVPW after 0, 7, and 14 days of ISO injection (P0.05), while there was a significant reduction in myocardial fiber diameter (P0.05). There were significant increases in myocardial collagen deposition area and the mRNA expression of collagen I, ASK1, and BNP after 0, 7, 14, and 21 days of ISO injection, which reached the peaks on day 21 (P<0.01). The mRNA expression of ASK1 was positively correlated with myocardial collagen deposition area and the mRNA expression of collagen I and BNP and had a weak correlation with HW/TL, myocardial fiber diameter, and dLVPW. There was a significant increase in the mortality rate of the mice over the time of ISO injection.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The expression of ASK1 in the myocardium is closely associated with left ventricular remodeling. The increase of ASK1 expression may lead to the aggravation of left ventricular remodeling, and the mechanism of which needs further study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Isoproterenol , MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 5 , Myocardium , Myocytes, Cardiac , Ventricular Remodeling
5.
Academic Journal of Second Military Medical University ; (12): 1273-1276, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-838123

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) patients. Methods The clinical data of patients with SIH, who admitted to Changhai Hospital of Navy Medical University (Second Military Medical University) from 2010 to 2017 and met the SIH diagnostic criteria of international classification of headache disorders, 3rd edition (ICHD-3), were collected. The effects of the general clinical features, such as gender, age and course of disease, and cerebrospinal fluid pressure and imaging features on prognosis of the SIH patients were analyzed. Results Of 26 SIH patients, 19 patients (73.08%) were cured and 7 patients (26.92%) were relieved. The gender, age, course of disease, severity of headache, headache types and cerebrospinal fluid pressure had no significant effect on the prognosis of the SIH patients. Among the 13 SIH patients with abnormal cranial magnetic resonance imaging findings, such as strenthening signals in cerebral dura, subdural fluid accumulation and brain sagging, 12 patients (63.16%) were cured and 1 (14.28%) was relieved, and the difference was significant (P=0.027). Conclusion SIH patients with headache have a good prognosis; imaging examination contributes to the diagnosis of SIH and may indicate the prognosis.

6.
China Journal of Endoscopy ; (12): 29-35, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702965

ABSTRACT

Objective?To analyze the clinical efficacy and related X-ray findings of patients underwent arthroscopic treatment of femoral acetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome with different anatomical features.?Methods?Twenty-four patients with FAI underwent arthroscopic surgery from September 2015 to December 2016 were selected to analyze the clinical features, postoperative pain, knee joint function, activity and complications.?Results?Compared with those before treatment, the visual analogue scale (VAS) scores of patients at 7 d, 1 month, 3 months and 6 months after treatment were significantly lower than those before treatment, while the Harris scores were significantly increased, at the same time patients’ knee activity was significantly increased, The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). The α angle of the hip joint of the cam-type patient was significantly higher than that of the jaw-type, while the eccentricity, acetabular depth, acetabular coverage and centerline (CE) angle were significantly lower than the jaw-type, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); The α angle of the cam-type patient was significantly higher than that of the healthy person’s hip joint, and the eccentricity was significantly lower than that of the healthy person’s hip joint. The difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the acetabular depth and hip of the clamp-type patient Radon coverage and CE angle were higher than those of hip joints in healthy people, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). There was no significant difference in acetabular anterior tilt between the three groups (P > 0.05). The incidence of complications in 24 patients underwent arthroscopy was 20.83%.?Conclusion?Hip arthroscopic treatment of hip impingement syndrome can shorten the patient’s pain relief, improve knee function and activity, its effect is good, and different hip anatomical X-ray film was significantly different.

7.
Chinese Journal of Interventional Cardiology ; (4): 18-23, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702310

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the impact of fasting blood glucose on the prognosis of non-diabetic patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Methods We retrospectively recruited consecutive patients who underwent primary PCI in our hospital from February, 2003 to March, 2015. Patients with prior history of diabetes mellitus before the index hospitalization and those with newly diagnosed diabetes mellitus during the index hospitalization were excluded. The clinical and angiographic features, medical and interventional treatment, and 30-day outcomes were compared between patients with elevated fasting blood glucose (FBG) (>5.4 mmol/L) and those with normal FBG (≤5.4 mmol/L). Results A total of 721 patients were recruited with an age of(61.2 ± 12.8)years, of whom 601 (83.4 %) were male. As compared with patients with normal FBG,those with elevated FBG were more likely to be female(20.1 % vs.13.5 %, P=0.017),had faster heart rate on admission[(82.9 ± 17.2)bpm vs.(79.4 ± 16.7)bpm,P=0.006]and more use of intra-aortic balloon pump(3.8 % vs.1.3 %,P=0.034),and had higher rates of 30 day all-cause mortality(3.5 % vs.0.5 %,P=0.004),cardiac mortality(2.9 % vs.0.5 %,P=0.012)and heart failure(18.1 % vs. 7.4 %, P< 0.001). After adjusting baseline characteristics, FBG > 5.4 mmol/L was one of the independent predictors of 30-day all-cause mortality(HR 6.030,95 % CI 1.235-29.447,P=0.026).Other independent predictors of 30-day all-cause mortality included age(HR 1.059,95 % CI 1.002-1.120,P=0.044),heart rate on admission(HR 1.036,95 % CI 1.003-1.070,P=0.034),left descending artery as the culprit vessel(HR 6.427,95 % CI 1.389-29.728,P=0.017),and use of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/angiotensin receptor blocker(HR 0.154,95 % CI 0.051-0.461,P=0.001).Conclusions In non-diabetic patients undergoing primary PCI for STEMI, elevated FBG was one of the independent predictors of 30-day all-cause mortality.

8.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 917-922, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-310909

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To clarify the effectiveness of Chinese herbal fomentation in treating chronic neck pain by means of changes in cervical kinematics.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Seventy-six patients with chronic neck pain were included in the study and were randomized into two groups based on the random number generator of the SPSS software: fomentation combined with Chinese herbal (Group 1) and fomentation without any medicine (Group 2). In both groups, the fomentation lasted for 60 min and heated to 35 °C, once a day for 28 consecutive days. Standard lateral radiographs of the cervical spine were obtained including the neutral, full flexion, and full extension positions. Before and after intervention, the following parameters were used to evaluate the changes in kinematics: range of motion (ROM), sagittal alignment and instantaneous center of rotation (ICR).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>After treatment, the ROM was signifcantly higher than that of before treatment in Group 1 (51.5, 95% CI: 49.8-55.9; P<0.05). There was no significant difference between before and after treatment in Group 2 (P>0.05). Although C2-C7 cervical alignment was increased in both groups after treatment, no significant difference was detected between before and after treatment (P>0.05). For Group 1, the significant X coordinate variation was only observed at C5/C6 level (38.1; 95% CI: 34.0, 42.1; P<0.05). There was a significant upward trend in the Y coordinate of the ICR at C5/C6 (-30.5; 95% CI: -34.3, -26.8; P<0.05) and C6/C7 after treatment (-6.1; 95% CI: -6.7, -5.4; P<0.05). For Group 2, the ICR location of each level was not statistically different between the pre- and post-treatment (P>0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Chinese herbal fomentation could improve abnormal mobility in terms of ROM and ICR. Chinese herbal fomentation might be an effective treatment for chronic neck pain.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Biomechanical Phenomena , Cervical Vertebrae , Diagnostic Imaging , Chronic Pain , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Neck Pain , Diagnostic Imaging , Drug Therapy , Radiography , Range of Motion, Articular
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2803-2806, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244346

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>The long-term safety and efficacy of drug-eluting stents (DES) versus bare metal stents (BMS) are unclear and controversial issues in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The purpose of this study was to compare the long-term outcome of STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI with DES versus BMS implantation.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 191 patients with acute STEMI undergoing PCI from Jan. 2005 to Dec. 2007 were enrolled. Patients received DES (n = 83) or BMS (n = 108) implantation in the infarction related artery according to physician's discretion. The primary outcome was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE), which was defined as a composite of death, myocardial infarction (MI), target vessel revascularization (TVR) and stent thrombosis. The difference of MACE was observed between DES and BMS groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The clinical follow-up duration was 3 years ((41.7 ± 16.1) months). MACE occurred in 20 patients during three years follow-up. Logistic regression analysis showed that the left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was an independent predictor for MACE in the follow-up period (P = 0.0301). There was no significant difference in all-cause mortality (3.61% vs. 7.41%, P = 0.2647), the incidence of myocardial infarction (0 vs. 0.93%, P = 0.379) and stent thrombosis (1.20% vs. 1.85%, P = 0.727) between the DES group and BMS group. The incidence of MACE was significantly lower in the DES group compared to the BMS group (4.82% vs. 14.81%, P = 0.0253). The rate of TVR was also lower in the DES group (0 vs. 5.56%, P = 0.029). In the DES group, there was no significant difference in the incidence of MACE between sirolimus eluting stents (SES, n = 73) and paclitaxel-eluting stents (PES, n = 10) subgroups (2.74% vs. 20.00%, P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>This finding suggested that drug-eluting stents significantly reduced the need for revascularization in patients with acute STEMI, without increasing the incidence of death or myocardial infarction. Use of DES significantly decreased the incidence of MACE compared with BMS during the 3-year follow-up.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Drug-Eluting Stents , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Time , Treatment Outcome
10.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 382-385, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275040

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVES</b>To observe the clinical and coronary features of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and coronary artery disease (CAD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Among 2877 SLE inpatients (age ≥ 18 years, male 363, female 2514) admitted in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital between January 1999 to October 2009, 33 patients [mean age (50.7 ± 12.8) years] were diagnosed with CAD and coronary angiogram was available in 20 out of these 33 patients. Clinical and coronary features of these patients were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of CAD was significantly higher in male SLE patients than in female patients [2.48% (9/363) vs. 0.95% (24/2514), P = 0.022]. Patients with secondary antiphospholipid syndrome were more likely to suffer from CAD [5.76% (8/139) vs. 0.91% (25/2738), P < 0.001]. Myocardial infarction was the major form of CAD (24/33). Coronary artery angiographic changes included coronary stenosis and occlusions, coronary aneurysms and acute thrombosis and multi-vessel lesions was found in 75.0% (15/20) patients with SLE and CAD.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Male SLE patients and patients with secondary antiphospholipid syndrome are at higher risk for CAD. Myocardial infarction and multi-vessel lesions are common in SLE patients with CAD.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Pathology , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Pathology , Risk Factors
11.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 730-733, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268330

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical and coronary angiographic features of patients with systemic vasculitis and coronary artery disease.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Fifteen patients (11 male) with systemic vasculitis and coronary artery diseases admitted to our hospital from January 1999 to October 2009 were reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 6 patients with Behcet's disease, 3 patients with Churg-Strauss syndrome, 2 patients with Takayasu arteritis, 1 patient with polyarteritis nodosa, 1 patient with microscopic polyangiitis, 1 patient with Wegner's granulomatosis and 1 patient with Kawasaki disease. Mean age of this cohort was (39.3 ± 11.9) years. Adverse coronary events occurred in 4 patients during the inactive phase of systemic vasculitis and in 9 patients during the active phase of systemic vasculitis. Twelve patients were hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction, 2 with angina pectoris and 1 with cardiac tamponade. There were 3 patients with acute left ventricular dysfunction and 3 patients with severe arrhythmias. Compared to patients in the inactive phase, patients in the active phase were younger [(32.4 ± 8.1) years vs. (47.0 ± 10.2) years], had less risk factors for atherosclerosis (1.2 ± 1.5 to 2.8 ± 1.7) and the time intervals between coronary artery disease and systemic vasculitis was shorter [0 - 7 years (average 1.6 years) to 3 - 30 years (average 17.7 years)]. Coronary angiography evidenced coronary stenosis or occlusions in 11 patients, coronary aneurysm and acute thrombosis in 1 patient, coronary aneurysms and occlusions in 1 patient and coronary spasm in 2 patients. LVEF measured by echocardiography was less than 50% in 8 patients.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with various systemic vasculitis could develop severe coronary artery disease due to coronary stenosis/occlusion, aneurysma, thrombosis and coronary spasm.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Angiography , Coronary Artery Disease , Pathology , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Vasculitis , Pathology
12.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 57-60, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-237168

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare microcirculation and tissue healing process in gastrointestinal anastomosis with apposition or inverted suture.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The study was performed in adult rabbits. Animals were randomly assigned to two groups. In group A, small intestine was transected at 20 cm and 40 cm from duodenojejunal ligament and apposition sutures were performed at 20 cm and inverted sutures at 40 cm. In group B, transaction and anastomosis were at the same location with group A while the suturing method was reversed. Anastomotic microcirculation and number of capillary were observed in vivo with naked eyes to evaluate inflammatory response, collagen proliferation and healing of epithelium and smooth muscle in both groups at postoperative day 3, 7, 14 and 28.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>In group A, tissue layers at the anastomosis were approximated tight and neat with mild inflammation and primary wound healing. In group B, displacement and poor alignment of layers were seen with severe inflammation and secondary wound healing. Low frequency of microcirculation was detected in group A at day 3, and blood flow velocity significantly increased at day 7. Blood flow velocity was close to normal at day 14 and completely restored to the normal level at day 28. Microcirculation was lower in group A than that in group B at each time point. There were more capillaries, lower number of inflammatory cells, less collagen proliferation, and better healing of anastomotic epithelium and smooth muscle in group A than group B.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Apposition suturing is better than inverted suturing in restoring local anastomotic microcirculation and healing of intestinal tissues.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Rabbits , Anastomosis, Surgical , Methods , Digestive System Surgical Procedures , Methods , Microcirculation , Physiology , Surgical Stomas , Suture Techniques , Wound Healing , Physiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 980-983, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-268273

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with prior ischemic stroke.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 2053 patients underwent PCI in Peking union medical college hospital from January 2003 to December 2007 were included in this analysis and patients were followed up to December 2009. End-point included all-cause mortality, cardiac death, stent thrombosis, target-lesion revascularization, myocardial infarction, re-cerebral infarction. Major bleeding events were recorded during follow-up.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There are 1945 coronary heart disease patients were followed up and 222 patients with prior ischemic stroke. Compared patients without prior ischemic stroke, patients with prior ischemic stroke were older (P = 0.000), had higher hypertension morbidity (P = 0.000), higher diabetes mellitus morbidity (P = 0.005), higher incidence of multi-vessels disease (P = 0.000). During the follow-up of (35.0 ± 19.6) months, cardiac death rate (8.5% vs. 3.9%, P = 0.002) and re-cerebral infarction rate (5.8% vs. 1.4%, P = 0.000) were higher in patients with prior ischemic stroke than patients without prior ischemic stroke. Dual antiplatelet therapy treatment time [(13.77 ± 11.33) months vs. (13.94 ± 11.33) months, P = 0.986] and major bleeding events (5.8% vs. 3.6%, P = 0.100) were similar between the two groups and cerebral hemorrhage rate (1.8% vs. 0.5%, P = 0.028) were higher in patients with prior ischemic stroke than patients without prior ischemic stroke.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Patients with prior ischemic stroke were associated with increased rate of risk factors, multiple coronary artery disease, cardiac death and re-cerebral infarction and higher cerebral hemorrhage rate during follow-up despite similar dual-anti platelet therapy time.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Brain Ischemia , Coronary Disease , Therapeutics , Follow-Up Studies , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1081-1084, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244101

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical characteristics and angiographic features of acute myocardial infarction in patients aged 30 years or younger.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Data of 360 consecutive patients referred to Peking Union Medical College Hospital for evaluation of chest pain or discomfort from January 2007 to December 2009, diagnosed as acute myocardial infarction and underwent emergent coronary angiography were analyzed. Seven patients (1.9%) with age ≤ 30 years [4 male, (25 ± 5) years] were included in this study, patients were followed up for (12 ± 9) months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 6 cases of ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction and 1 non-ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction. The culprit vessels were as follows: 5 left anterior descending artery, 1 left main and 1 right coronary artery. All 3 female patients were complicated with congenital coronary malformation or autoimmune disease, including 1 coronary artery aneurismal dilation of left anterior descending, 1 Takayasu's arteritis and 1 systemic lupus erythematosus. Three of the 4 male patients were smokers. Two patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. There was no death or cardiovascular re-admission during the follow-up.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The majority of acute myocardial infarction in patients aged 30 years or younger were presented with ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction and single vessel non-obstructive lesion. The most common culprit vessel was left anterior descending artery. All female patients were complicated with congenital coronary malformation or autoimmune disease. The short-term prognosis in patients of this cohort was good.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Age Factors , Coronary Vessels , Pathology , Myocardial Infarction , Pathology
15.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 334-338, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236480

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare clinical characteristics among premenopausal women with coronary arterial disease (CAD) with or without atherosclerosis (AS) and postmenopausal women with CAD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical and coronary angiographic data, traditional risk factors (age, smoking, blood pressure, lipid profile, blood glucose, BMI, family history) were compared among premenopause (Pre-M, n=42) and post-menopause (Post-M, n=172) women with CAD as well as Pre-M patients with non-AS CAD (non-AS CAD, n=8).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with the Post-M patients with CAD, Pre-M CAD patients had significantly fewer traditional risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes and hypercholesterolemia, significantly more acute coronary syndrome and fewer previous history of chest pain, significantly more single vessel lesion and lower Gessini score (all P < 0. 01). The logistic regression results showed that obesity is an independent risk factor for the development of CAD in premenopausal women (OR = 3. 655, 95% CI: 1. 5-11.59, P = 0.028). Hypertension (OR = 4.73, 95% CI: 0.991-22.589, P = 0.051) and hypercholesterolemia (OR = 4.68, 95% CI: 0.971-22.564, P = 0.055) might also contribute to the development of CAD in these patients. Clinical characteristics were similar between Pre-M and non-AS CAD patients (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Pre-M CAD patients had less traditional risk factors and lower coronary lesion score compared to post-M CAD patients. Obesity is an independent risk factor for Pre-M CAD. Non-AS coronary artery disease is also an important reason for the development of coronary arterial events in premenopausal women.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Atherosclerosis , Cohort Studies , Coronary Artery Disease , Premenopause , Risk Factors
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 408-411, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243769

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze factors associated with reduced renal function post primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients with normal baseline serum creatinine level.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical and angiographic data of 216 consecutive AMI patients undergoing primary PCI with normal baseline serum creatinine level (< 1.5 mg/dl) were obtained and compared between patients with (n = 32) and without (n = 184) renal function deterioration (increase in serum creatinine > or = 25% from baseline level within 72 hours of primary PCI) post PCI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The incidence of renal function deterioration was 14.8% (32/216). Patients with age > 75 years (28.1% vs. 14.1%, P = 0.047), congestive heart failure (25.0% vs. 9.2%, P = 0.017), less use of low-molecular weight heparins (84.4% vs. 95.1%, P = 0.039) and beta-blockers (75.0% vs. 95.6%, P = 0.001) as well as angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors/angiotensin receptor blockers (81.3% vs. 93.5%, P = 0.025) and statins (84.4% vs. 97.3%, P = 0.008) were risk factors for developing renal dysfunction post PCI. Renal function deterioration post PCI was also associated with increased in-hospital mortality (25.0% vs. 2.2%, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis showed that congestive heart failure was the single independent predictor of renal function deterioration (odds ratio = 3.275, 95% confidence interval 1.275 - 8.408, P = 0.014), while renal function deterioration was the strongest independent predictor of in-hospital death (odds ratio = 10.313, 95% confidence interval 2.569 - 41.402, P = 0.001).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Renal function deterioration is a common complication post primary PCI and is associated with higher risk of in-hospital death in AMI patients with normal baseline serum creatinine level.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Creatinine , Blood , Kidney Function Tests , Myocardial Infarction , Blood , Therapeutics , Prognosis
17.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 497-500, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243746

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To compare side branch occlusion rate at sites of overlapping sirolimus- or paclitaxel-eluting stents in treating long coronary lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively reviewed the PCI CD and medical records of PCI 141 patients with at least one stent overlapping for long coronary lesion in our institute from January 2004 to October 2007. The side branches occlusion was documented and analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The study population were consisted of 141 patients that there were 115 man, and 26 women, who got 297 stents. There were 154 side branch vessels been observed. Side branch occlusion rate was 24.6% in Cypher group and 31.6% in TAXUS (P > 0.05), side branch TIMI flow decrease rate on overlapping region was 26.3% in Cypher group and 68.4% in TAXUS group (P > 0.05). A logistic regression model analysis show that the significant risk factors for side branch occlusion is the diameter and ostial occlusion of side branch.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Side branch occlusion rate and TIMI flow decrease rate were similar on overlapping region in patients treated with Cypher or TAXUS stents for long coronary lesions. The significant predictors for side branch TIMI flow decrease are the diameter and ostial occlusion of side branch.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Methods , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Coronary Artery Disease , Therapeutics , Coronary Restenosis , Coronary Vessels , Drug-Eluting Stents , Paclitaxel , Retrospective Studies , Sirolimus , Treatment Outcome
18.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 159-163, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304947

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the effect of risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) on urokinase receptor (uPAR) expression on monocytes.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 106 patients were enrolled and divided into five risk-factor groups: sixteen with hypertension, twenty-four with dyslipidemia, eighteen with hypertension + obesity, eighteen with dyslipidemia + obesity and thirty with hypertension + dyslipidemia + obesity. Seventeen healthy volunteers were recruited as control group. Monocyte expression of uPAR and mean fluorescence intensity index (MFI Index) of uPAR were measured by flow cytometer (FACSCalibur).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>No difference in monocyte uPAR expression was detected between hypertension and control group [(4.9 +/- 12.5)% vs. (7.7 +/- 10.3)%, P=0.74]. However, the uPAR expression was raised to (23.7 +/- 22.5)% in hyperlipidemia group, a 3.9- and a 2.1-fold increase compared with those in hypertension (P<0.01) and control group (P<0.05), respectively. When combined with obesity, uPAR expression was elevated further to (32.9 +/- 30.8)% in hypertension + obesity group, (37.4 +/- 31.4)% in dyslipidemia + obesity group and (23.8 +/- 20.5)% in hypertension + dyslipidemia + obesity group, all having statistical significance compared with control group or hypertension group (P<0.01). The results were the same when corrected by age, BMI and hs-CRP. uPAR MFI Index was increased from 0.78 +/- 0.86 in control group to 1.91 +/- 1.97 and 3.33 +/- 2.52 in dyslipidemia group and hypertension + obesity group, respectively, P<0.05. Linear regression analysis revealed a significant correlation between uPAR expression and FBG concentration in dyslipidemia group, r=0.72, P=0.04.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>uPAR expression was elevated on monocytes in patients with risk factors for CAD. Dyslipidemia and obesity may contribute to the increase of uPAR expression.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Coronary Artery Disease , Blood , Metabolism , Dyslipidemias , Metabolism , Hypertension , Metabolism , Lipids , Blood , Monocytes , Metabolism , Obesity , Metabolism , Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator , Metabolism , Risk Factors
19.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 134-137, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-295359

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the relationship between the early ST resolution magnitude and TIMI flow, MACE and the cardiac function in ST elevated AMI (STEMI) patients after successful primary PCI.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 120 consecutive patients with STEMI underwent primary PCI within 12 hours after the onset of chest pain were enrolled in this study, the ST segment resolution was calculated and the patients were divided into group A (n = 81, Sigma STE resolved > or = 50%) and group B (n = 39, Sigma STE resolved < 50%). TIMI flow after PCI, clinical events up to 30 days post PCI and cardiac function 30 days post PCI were assessed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>LVEF was higher in group A than that of group B (58.6% +/- 7.1% vs. 50.5% +/- 7.1%, P < 0.05). There are fewer patients with Killip III and IV in group A than in group B (1.2% vs. 12.8%, P < 0.05). The incidence of in-hospital MACE was also significantly less in group A than in group B (0 vs. 7.7%, P < 0.001). As expected, there were more patients with TIMI 3 flow (95.1% vs. 79.5%, P < 0.05) and fewer TIMI 2 (4.9% vs. 20.5%, P < 0.05) flow post PCI in group A than in group B and all 3 patients with MACE were group B patients with TIMI 2 flow.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Early ST resolution post PCI represents improved myocardial perfusion and function and is related to a favorable clinical outcome in STEMI patients.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Electrocardiography , Myocardial Infarction , Therapeutics , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
20.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 1023-1026, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-253017

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the clinical significance of adenosine (99m)Tc-MIBI myocardial perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) for percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Coronary angiography and adenosine (99m)Tc-MIBI myocardial perfusion SPECT were performed for all patients. Adenosine myocardial perfusion was performed after PCI. Adenosine was infused intravenously at a rate of 140 microg.kg(-1).min(-1) for 6 minutes, and 925MBq (99m)Tc-MIBI was injected intravenously at 3 minutes after adenosine infusion. SPECT myocardial imaging acquisition was obtained in 1.5 hours after adenosine infusion. If the result was abnormal, rest (99m)Tc-MIBI myocardial perfusion SPECT would be performed next day. There were 17 segments of left ventricle, and four degrees of myocardial perfusion.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 63 cases (63 +/- 10 years old) with CAD, in which 40 patients got PCI. Twenty eight cases after PCI.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Adenosine myocardial perfusion imaging will be useful in detecting regional myocardial perfusion abnormalities for patients with PCI.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenosine , Metabolism , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Coronary Artery Disease , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Therapeutics , Technetium Tc 99m Sestamibi , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon
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