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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 205-210, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006572

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveThis paper aims to analyze the clinical characteristics and medication rationality of liver injury related to Epimedii Folium preparation (EP) and explore the possible risk factors of liver injury, so as to provide a reference for the safe clinical application of Epimedii Folium (EF). MethodA retrospective analysis was conducted on liver injury cases related to EP from 2012 to 2016. ResultThe number of reported liver injury cases and the proportion of severe cases related to the use of EP show an increasing trend, indicating the objective existence of liver injury caused by EP. There are more cases of liver injury related to EP in women than in men, with an onset age range of 15-91 years old and a median onset age of 60 years old (median onset ages for men and women are 59 and 60 years old, respectively). The time span from taking EP alone to the occurrence of liver injury is 1-386 days, with a median of 38 days. The time span from taking both EP and Western medicine to the occurrence of liver injury is 1-794 days, with a median of 34 days. EF-related liver injury preparations are mostly composed of traditional Chinese medicines that promote immunity and tonify the liver and kidney, indicating that immune stress in the body may be the mechanism of liver injury caused by the use of EP alone or in combination. There is no increasing trend of toxicity with time or dose in the liver injury caused by EP. By further exploring its risk factors, it is found that patients have unreasonable medication methods such as excessive dosage, repeated use, and multi-drug combination, which may also be one of the important risk factors for EF-related liver injury. ConclusionEP has a certain risk of liver injury and should be emphasized in clinical diagnosis and treatment. Immune stress may be the mechanism of liver injury caused by EP, and in clinical use, it is necessary to be vigilant about the risk of liver injury caused by unreasonable use and combined use with Western medicine.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 545-551, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013581

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of 2-dode-cyl-6-methoxycyclohexa-2 , 5-diene-l, 4-dione ( DM-DD) on resisting hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride ( CC14 ) in rats and the underlying mechanisms , with a specific focus on the TGF-pi/Smads signaling pathway. Methods The hepatic fibrosis model was replicated using 50% CC14. Various parameters, including levels of aspartate transferase ( AST) , ala-nine transferase ( ALT ) , albumin/globulin ( A/G ) , total protein (TP) , total bilirubin (T-BIL) , hyaluron-ic acid ( HA ) , laminin ( LN ) , collagen type Ж ( Col Ж) , and collagen type IV(ColIV) in the blood, were measured. Liver tissue lesions and fiber formation were observed using HE and Masson staining. The expression levels of a smooth muscle actin (a-SMA) , collagen type I ( Col I ) , transformed growth factor (TGF-pi), Smad2, and Smad7 proteins were assessed using immunohistochemistry. a-SMA, Coll, TGF-pi, and Smad7 mRNA levels in liver tissue were measured by RT-PCR. Additionally, the expression levels of TGF-pi, Smad4, and Smad7 proteins in liver tissue were determined by Western blot. Results In comparison to the normal control group, the model group exhibited significantly elevated levels of AST, ALT, TP, T-BIL, HA, LN, Col Ш and Col IV in serum. But A/G level notably decreased. Successful modeling was confirmed by the presence of extensive fiber formations observed through HE and Massonstaining in liver tissue. The DMDD administration group demonstrated a notable decrease levels of AST, ALT, TP, T-BIL, HA, LN, Col III, and CollV, but A/G was significantly elevated when compared to the model group. Furthermore, a-SMA, Coll, TGF-f31, Smad2 and Smad4 mRNA and protein levels in the DMDD administration group were significantly reduced, while Smad7 significantly declined. HE and Masson staining results reflected a marked reduction in fibrous hyper-plasia. Conclusion DMDD exhibits a protective effect against CCl4-induced hepatic fibrosis, and its mechanism appears to be associated with the TGF-fJl/ Smads signaling pathway.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2922-2930, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999051

ABSTRACT

This study focuses on the microbial quality control of the Chinese herbal decoction pieces. In view of the shortcomings of traditional culture methods such as slow detection speed and inability to detect unculturable microorganisms, a new method based on ATP bioluminescence technology combined with statistical analysis methods was established to rapidly predict and quantitatively detect the total aerobic microbial count (TAMC) and total yeast and mold count (TYMC) contaminated Bupleurum chinense DC. decoction pieces. Based on the optimized ATP bioluminesence detection system, accurate detection of pure bacterial solution of Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus can be achieved, with detection limits of 47.86, 89.13 and 1 862.09 CFU·mL-1, respectively. The detection time was 6.5 h, and the detection cost was as low as 2 yuan/time. The upper and lower warning limits of TAMC were determined by the misjudgment rates of 10% and 20%, respectively. And the warning limit of TYMC was determined by the misjudgment rate of 20%. The proposed crossing method could quickly predict the amount of microbial contamination in Bupleurum chinense DC. decoction pieces. The constructed partial least squares regression (PLSR) model could accurately quantify the quantity of microbial contamination in Bupleurum chinense DC. decoction pieces. The optimal PLSR prediction model for TAMC had a correction coefficient (R2) of 0.826, a root mean square error of correction set (RMSEE) of 0.468 and a root mean square error of cross-validation set (RMSECV) of 0.465. The R2, RMSEE and RMSECV in the prediction model of TYMC were 0.778, 0.543 and 0.541, respectively. The aim of this study is to establish a kind of rapid detection method and prediction models for the microbial limit of traditional Chinese medicine and Chinese herbal decoction pieces, and to provide a more convenient and sensitive detection technology for the microbial quality process control of traditional Chinese medicine products.

4.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 209-215, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970269

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the differences in clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment of pediatric septic shock in pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) among hospitals of different levels. Methods: This retrospective study enrolled 368 children with septic shock treated in the PICU of Beijing Children's Hospital, Henan Children's Hospital, and Baoding Children's Hospital from January 2018 to December 2021. Their clinical data were collected, including the general information, location of onset (community or hospital-acquired), severity, pathogen positivity, consistence of guideline (the rate of standard attainment at 6 h after resuscitation and the rate of anti-infective drug administration within 1 h after diagnosis), treatment, and in-hospital mortality. The 3 hospitals were national, provincial, and municipal, respectively. Furthermore, the patients were divided into the tumor group and the non-tumor group, and into the in-hospital referral group and the outpatient or emergency admission group. Chi-square test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to analyze the data. Results: The 368 patients aged 32 (11, 98) months, of whom 223 were males and 145 females. There were 215, 107, and 46 patients with septic shock, with males of 141, 51, and 31 cases, from the national, provincial, and municipal hospitals, respectively. The difference in pediatric risk of mortality Ⅲ (PRISM Ⅲ) scores among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (26(19, 32) vs.19(12, 26) vs. 12(6, 19), Z=60.25,P<0.001). The difference in community acquired septic shock among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (31.6%(68/215) vs. 84.1%(90/107) vs. 91.3%(42/46), χ2=108.26,P<0.001). There were no significant differences in compliance with guidelines among the 3 groups (P>0.05). The main bacteria detected in the national group were Klebsiella pneumoniae (15.4% (12/78)) and Staphylococcus aureus (15.4% (12/78)); in the provincial group were Staphylococcus aureus (19.0% (12/63)) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (12.7% (8/63)), and in the municipal group were Streptococcus pneumoniae (40.0% (10/25)) and Enteric bacilli (16.0% (4/25)). The difference in the proportion of virus and the proportion of 3 or more initial antimicrobials used among the national,provincial and municipal group was statistically significant (27.7% (43/155) vs. 14.9% (13/87) vs. 9.1% (3/33), 22.8%(49/215) vs. 11.2%(12/107) vs. 6.5%(3/46), χ2=8.82, 10.99, both P<0.05). There was no difference in the in-hospital mortality among the 3 groups (P>0.05). Regarding the subgroups of tumor and non-tumor, the national group had higher PRISM Ⅲ (31(24, 38) vs. 22 (21, 28) vs.16 (9, 22), 24 (18, 30) vs. 17(8, 24) vs. 10 (5, 16), Z=30.34, 10.45, both P<0.001), and it was the same for the subgroups of in-hospital referral and out-patient or emergency admission (29 (21, 39) vs. 23 (17, 30) vs. 15 (10, 29), 23 (17, 29) vs. 18 (10, 24) vs. 11 (5, 16), Z=20.33, 14.25, both P<0.001) as compared to the provincial and municipal group. There was no significant difference in the in-hospital mortality among the 2 pairs of subgroups (all P>0.05). Conclusion: There are differences in the severity, location of onset, pathogen composition, and initial antibiotics of pediatric septic shock in children's hospitals of different levels, but no differences in compliance with guidelines and in-hospital survival rate.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Child , Retrospective Studies , Shock, Septic/therapy , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Hospitals, Pediatric
5.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1-7, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969911

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18 to 79 years. Methods: A total of 5 048 male participants aged 18 to 79 years were recruited from the China National Human Biomonitoring (CNHBM) from 2017 to 2018. Questionnaires and physical examinations were used to collect information on demographic characteristics, lifestyle, food intake frequency and health status. Venous blood and urine samples were collected to detect the level of serum total testosterone, urine arsenic and urine creatinine. Participants were divided into three groups (low, middle, and high) based on the tertiles of creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic concentration. Weighted multiple linear regression was fitted to analyze the association of urinary arsenic with serum total testosterone. Results: The weighted average age of 5 048 Chinese men was (46.72±0.40) years. Geometric mean concentration (95%CI) of urinary arsenic, creatinine-adjusted urine arsenic and serum testosterone was 22.46 (20.08, 25.12) μg/L, 19.36 (16.92, 22.15) μg/L and 18.13 (17.42, 18.85) nmol/L, respectively. After controlling for covariates, compared with the low-level urinary arsenic group, the testosterone level of the participants in the middle-level group and the high-level group decreased gradually. The percentile ratio (95%CI) was -5.17% (-13.14%, 3.54%) and -10.33% (-15.68%, -4.63). The subgroup analysis showed that the association between the urinary arsenic level and testosterone level was more obvious in the group with BMI<24 kg/m2 group (Pinteraction<0.05). Conclusion: There is a negative association between the urinary arsenic level and serum total testosterone in Chinese men aged 18-79 years.

6.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 1030-1037, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996845

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the relationship between DDX46 genes and invasion and migration of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells. Methods    Human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells TE-1 were transfected by fluorescent marker shRNA lentivirus (shDDX46 group), and an empty vector was transfected as a control (shCtrl group). The expression rate of green fluorescent protein under the microscope was used to evaluate the cell transfection efficiency. Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTFQ-PCR) and Western blotting (WB) detected the knockdown efficiency of the target gene at the mRNA and protein expression levels. Wound healing, invasion assay and migration assay detected the changes of invasion and metastasis ability. Classical pathway analysis was used to explore signaling pathway changes and the possible mechanism of DDX46 in the invasion and metastasis was explored by detecting fibronectin expression. Results    DDX46 gene at mRNA and protein levels was significantly inhibited after lentiviral transfection. Wound healing showed that after 8 h the cell mobility of TE-1 cells decreased significantly (P=0.001). Invasion assay showed that after 24 h the average cell metastasis rate of TE-1 cells was lower in the shDDX46 group than that in the shCtrl group (P<0.001). The cell metastasis rate in the shDDX46 group corresponding to observation points in the transwell assay was lower than that in the shCtrl group (P<0.001) after 24 h culture. The results of the classical pathway analysis showed that the integrin signaling pathway activity was inhibited, further exploration of the mechanism of action found that the expression of fibronectin associated with cell adhesion was decreased. Conclusion    DDX46 gene is related to the invasion and migration ability of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma cells. Knockdown of DDX46 genes may reduce cell adhesion by downregulating the integrin pathway signaling.

7.
Chinese Journal of Dermatology ; (12): 1-4, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994433

ABSTRACT

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a highly heterogeneous skin disease with various clinical manifestations. Early studies mainly focused on infant-onset AD, which is characterized by typical skin lesions such as eczematous dermatitis on the flexor sites accompanied by genetic predisposition to other allergic diseases; however, atypical manifestations and distributions of skin lesions are common among adult AD and elderly AD, e.g., distribution mainly on the extensor sites and polymorphic rashes such as prurigo nodularis. Many dermatologists are not familiar with atypical manifestations of AD, including atypical manifestations and distributions of skin lesions as well as atypical age at onset, which decreases the diagnostic rate of AD to a certain extent. This article delineates clinical features of AD with typical and atypical manifestations, in order to promote the understanding of AD among Chinese dermatologists.

8.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 216-221, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993658

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the influence of E-Coaching self-management model on health behavior change in perimenopausal women.Methods:In this randomized controlled trial, 230 perimenopausal women who participated in health management prograam in the Health Management Center of Hangzhou Wuyunshan Hospital from January 2020 to October 2021 were selected as study objects by convenience sampling method. The subjects were divided into the experimental group and the control group with random number table (115 cases in each group). The experimental group was managed by health coaches with E-Coaching self-management model, and the control group was routinely managed by health managers. The intervention lasted for 6 months. Finally, 29 cases were lost to follow-up due to the failure of the subjects to comply with protocol requirements or voluntary withdrawal. So, a total of 201 subjects were included in the analysis (107 cases in the experimental group and 94 cases in the control group). χ2 test and t test were used to analyze the differences in modified Kupperman symptom score, perimenopausal knowledge and belief, regular exercise and dietary healthy behavior stage between the two groups. And the influence of E-Coaching self-management model on health behavior change in perimenopausal women was analyzed too. Results:After the intervention, the total score of modified Kupperman scale and the scores of insomnia, anxiety and fatigue in the experimental group were all lower than those in the control group [(7.36±2.91) vs (10.01±2.78) points, (0.49±1.13) vs (1.27±1.20) points, (0.80±0.99) vs (1.68±1.39) points, (0.67±0.55) vs (0.93±0.64) points]( t=6.553, 4.785, 5.219, 3.013, all P<0.05); and the total score of knowledge and belief questionnaire and the score of knowledge or belief dimension in the experimental group were significantly higher than those in control group [(25.15±1.55) vs (21.05±1.64) points, (9.61±0.56) vs (9.03±0.68) points, (15.54±1.53) vs (12.02±1.28) points] ( t=-18.238, -6.570, -17.801, all P<0.05). After the intervention, the proportions of the experimental group in the precontemplation and contemplation stage of exercise and diet were both significantly lower than those before intervention ( χ2=116.616, 139.964, both P<0.001), and were lower than those in the control group (the proportion of precontemplation stage of exercise was 7.5% vs 38.3%, and the contemplation stage of exercise was 26.2% vs 34.0%, χ2=38.330; the proportion of precontemplation stage of diet was 3.7% vs 23.4%, and the contemplation stage of diet was 18.7% vs 29.8%, χ2=25.399; all P<0.001). After the intervention, the proportion of the subjects in the preparation stage and action stage the experimental group were significantly higher than those before intervention ( χ2=116.616, 139.964, both P<0.001), and were higher than those in the control group (the proportion in preparation stage of exercise 18.7% vs 8.5%, and the action stage of exercise 47.7% vs 19.1%, χ2=38.330; the proportion in preparation stage of diet 20.6% vs 14.9%, and the action stage of diet 57.0% vs 31.9%, χ2=25.399; all P<0.001). Conclusion:E-Coaching self-management model can improve women′s perimenopausal symptoms in certain degrees, it improves their understanding of perimenopausal knowledge, enhances self-management beliefs and promotes healthy behavior changes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 438-443, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993352

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the pathogenesis of gallbladder cholesteryl polyps (GCP) and gallbladder cholesterol calculus (GCC) by studying the different changes of mucin (MUC) expression and reverse cholesterol transporter (RCT) in gallbladder mucosa epithelium.Methods:The data of 10 GCP patients (GCP group), 10 GCC patients (GCC group) and 5 patients with normal gallbladder resection (control group) were retrospectively analyzed, who underwent cholecystectomy in the Department of General Surgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University from January to December 2021. Among the 10 patients in the GCP group, there were 5 males and 5 females, aged (43.40±9.59) years old. Among the 10 patients in the GCC group, 5 males and 5 female, aged (45.00±8.13) years old. Among the 5 patients in the control group, there were 3 males and 2 females, aged (43.80±6.01) years old. Immunohistochemical analysis was used to investigate the expression differences of various subtypes of MUC and RCT [ATP binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) and B group type I scavenger receptor (SR-BI)] among each group.Results:Compared with the control group, the expression of MUC1 (3.40±0.70 vs. 0), MUC5AC (1.50±0.53 vs. 0), MUC6 (4.70±0.48 vs. 0), and ABCG1 (3.50±0.53 vs. 1.60±0.55) in the gallbladder mucosa of the GCP group increased, while the expression score of SR-BI decreased (1.70±0.48 vs. 3.40±0.55), with statistical significance (all P<0.001). Compared with the control group, the expression of MUC1 (4.80±0.42 vs. 0), MUC5AC (4.70±0.48 vs. 0), MUC6 (3.30±0.67 vs. 0), and ABCG1 (3.40±0.52 vs. 1.60±0.55) in the gallbladder mucosa of the GCC group increased, while the expression score of SR-BI decreased (0 vs. 3.40±0.55), with statistically significant differences (all P<0.001). Conclusion:The different expression levels of MUC1, MUC5AC, MUC6, and RCT proteins lead to the differential formation of GCP and GCC on the basis of the co-pathogenesis in high cholesterol in bile.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 498-503, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992978

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the clinical and imaging features of SMARCB1-deficient sinonasal carcinoma.Methods:Form January 2016 to November 2021, the clinical data and pretreatment imaging findings of 16 cases with pathologically proven SMARCB1-de?cient sinonasal carcinomas were analyzed retrospectively in Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University. Immunohistochemistry for SMARCB1 showed loss of the protein in the tumor nuclie. Clinical and imaging features, including tumor location, TNM stage, size, density of CT, bone change, MRI signal intensity, enhancement pattern, type of time-intensity curve (TIC) of dynamic contrast enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) were evaluated. For 14 cases, correlation of the ADC value and Ki-67 index was subsequently evaluated with Pearson correlation analysis.Results:For the 16 cases SMARCB1-deficient sinonasal carcinomas, clinical stage of T4 was 12 cases and T3 was 4 cases. The location included ethmoid sinus ( n=4), nasal cavity only ( n=1), both nasal cavity and ethmoid ( n=8), ethmoid and maxillary sinus ( n=1), ethmoid and frontal sinus ( n=1), ethmoid and sphenoid sinus ( n=1). The tumor size was (4.5±1.2) cm. Iso-attenuated of CT images was showed in 13 cases and heterogeneous with necrosis was showed in 3 cases. Focal bone erosion was found in 13 cases and extensive bone destruction was found in 3 cases. Compared with adjacent muscles, T 1WI of all 16 cases showed isointense, with focal hypointense in 3 cases. On T 2WI, the tumor was graded as isointense in 9 cases, hyperintense in 7 cases, with lower inner septal in 6 cases. Enhancement was graded as mild in 11 cases, moderate in 5 cases.MRI Enhancement images showed mild enhancement in 11 cases, moderate enhancement in 5 cases, heterogeneous enhancement in 6 cases, and homogeneous enhancement in 10 cases. For DCE-MRI of 14 cases, there were 10 cases of Ⅲ type and 4 cases of Ⅱ type of the TIC. The ADC value of 14 cases was (1.02±0.27)×10 -3 mm 2/s. The Ki-67 index was 48%±21%. No correlation was observed between Ki-67 index and ADC value ( r=-0.38, P=0.183). Conclusions:SMARCB1-deficient carcinomas are mostly centered in the nasal and ethmoid region of anatomic distribution. Tendency to be infiltrative the adjacent bone structure with invasive bone reaction, mild to moderate heterogeneous enhancement, T 2WI with lower inner septal, and Ⅲ types of TIC are certain suggestive imaging features of the entity.

11.
Chinese Pediatric Emergency Medicine ; (12): 183-187, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-990499

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the value of immediate bedside blood culture in the adjustment of antibiotics for children with bloodstream infections in pediatric intensive care units(PICU).Methods:Retrospective analysis of children in PICU at Henan Children′s Hospital from May 2017 to March 2021 was conducted.The cases were divided into laboratory blood culture(LBC) group and satellite blood culture(SBC) group according to different blood culture methods.The difference in the time to blood culture incubation, time to blood culture positivity, microbial results time and antibiotic adjustment time were compared between two groups.Results:A total of 3 720 blood cultures were completed in 2 718 children, including 1 888 in LBC group and 1 832 in SBC group, with a positive rate of 3.5% in LBC group and 4.9% in SBC group, and a significantly higher positive rate in SBC group compared to LBC group( χ2=3.954, P=0.046). The differences in age, sex, site of infection, survival rate at 28 d after discharge, pediatric critical illness score, and pediatric risk of mortality Ⅲ score between LBC group and SBC group with positive blood cultures were not statistically significant ( P>0.05). Children in SBC group had significantly shorter specimen receipt time, time to obtain microbiological results, and antibiotic adjustment time than those in LBC group[0.33(0.03, 1.78) h vs. 3.38(1.38, 7.29) h, (57.40±21.92) h vs. (68.14±21.26) h, and (52.53±27.23) h vs. (66.41±28.57) h, all P<0.05]. Conclusion:Immediate bedside blood culture shortens the time from culture to final result reporting, increases the positive rate of blood culture, and saves time on accurate antibiotic treatment for critically ill children.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-184, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-953938

ABSTRACT

Safety is the core of the quality of Chinese materia medica products, and microbial pollution caused by medicinal materials, decoction pieces, intermediate products and others can bring certain impact on the quality and safety of Chinese materia medica products. The reasons for this are not only the problems of medicinal materials themselves, but also the exogenous pollution introduced in the production process. How to effectively use microbial detection technology and establish an appropriate microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production is of great significance to improve the quality of Chinese materia medica products. Therefore, the authors put forward a microbial quality control strategy in the whole process of Chinese materia medica production based on the guidance of quality by design (QbD) concept, emphasizing the scientific linkage between the internal and external microbial quality control systems to jointly ensure the quality of products in all aspects. Among them, the internal microbial quality control system includes the control of the whole chain of Chinese materia medica-decoction pieces-intermediate products-excipitents-packaging materials-final products, which should be carried out by stages and characteristics, while the external microbial quality control system includes the control of personnel-equipment and facilities-pharmaceutical water-environment, emphasizing the principle of quality risk management and the development of monitoring programs, aiming to closely integrate microbial quality risk management with the production process of Chinese materia medica products, and to classify and develop microbial control strategies in order to minimize the impact of contaminating microorganisms and effectively guarantee the quality of Chinese materia medica products.

13.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 22-28, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-965524

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the genetic diversity and genetic differentiation of different geographical isolates of Gohieria fusca.. Methods G. fusca isolates were sampled from Wuhu (WH), Bengbu (BB) and Bozhou cities (BZ) of Anhui Province and Jiaxing City of Zhejiang Province (JX). Mitochondrial cytochrome b (Cytb) and ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) genes were amplified in WH, BB, BZ and JX isolates of G. fusca using PCR assay. The gene sequences were edited and aligned using the software Chromas 2 and DNASTAR 1.00, and the haplotype, haplotype diversity (Hd) and nucleotide polymorphism (Pi) of each isolate were calculated using the software DnaSP 5.10.00. The genetic differentiation among isolates (Fst) and gene flow value (Nm) were estimated using the software MEGA 10.2, and a phylogenetic tree was built. Tests of neutrality and analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) were performed using the software Arlequin 3.1 and a haplotype network was built based on the Median-Joining network using the software Network 10.2. Results PCR assay showed that the sizes of the Cytb and ITS genes were 372 bp and 1 301 to 1 320 bp, respectively. All four isolates of G. fusca presented high genetic diversity based on mitochondrial Cytb and ITS genes (Hd = 0.804, Pi = 0.006 91). AMOVA showed genetic differentiation among geographical isolates of G. fusca (Fst = 0.202 40, P < 0.05), and the genetic variation was mainly caused by intra-population variations (79.76%). Gene flow analysis showed a high level of gene flow among G. fusca isolates (Nm > 1). Tests of neutrality based on Cytb gene measured a Tajima’s D value of −1.796 31 (P < 0.05) and a Fu’s FS value of −3.293 98 (P < 0.05) in WH isolate of G. fusca, indicating population expansion in WH isolate of G. fusca. Haplotype network analysis and phylogenetic analysis revealed no remarkable geographical distribution pattern among different geographical isolates of G. fusca. All four isolates of G. fusca presented high genetic diversity (Hd = 0.985, Pi = 0.011 97). AMOVA showed moderate level of genetic differentiation between four isolates (Fst = 0.104 62, P < 0.05). The tests of neutrality based on ITS genes measured a Tajima’s D value of −6.088 20 and a Fu’s FS value of −1.935 99 (both P > 0.05) in the whole isolate of G. fusca, indicating no obviously population expansion. Conclusions The four geographical isolates of G. fusca have high genetic diversity and remarkable genetic differentiation. Since a high level of gene flow is detected among different geographical isolates of G. fusca, no obvious geographical distribution pattern of G. fusca is found.

14.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 43-48, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964647

ABSTRACT

Background Welders in automobile manufacturers are prone to hand/wrist musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), which seriously affect workers' physical and mental health. Objective To investigate the factors influencing hand/wrist MSDs of welders in an automobile factory and the population attributable risk percentage (PARP). Methods Five branches of an automobile factory were selected by convenient sampling method, and all qualified welders in the selected branches were enrolled as research participants. The Chinese Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire was used to collect information such as general characteristics of welders, presentation of MSDs in the wrists and hands, and selected ergonomic factors. Log-binomial model in the SAS program was used to calculate the prevalence ratio (PR) of each influencing factor and PARP. Results The prevalence rate of MSDs in the hands/wrists of welders in the automobile factory was 44.1% (345/782). The results of multiple analysis showed that female (PR=1.25, 95%CI: 1.10-1.44), being very tired after work (versus not tired, PR=2.22, 95%CI: 1.16-4.25), twisting wrists (PR=1.44, 95%CI: 1.19-1.74), insufficient operating space (PR=1.22, 95%CI: 1.07-1.40), and holding or pinching objects by hands (PR=1.58, 95%CI: 1.18-2.12) increased the risk of reporting hand/wrist MSDs symptoms. The PARP of major occupational risk factors was: holding or pinching objects by hands, 32.46%; twisting wrists, 21.50%; being very tired after work, 15.28%; and insufficient operating space, 8.18%. Conclusion The prevalence of MSDs symptoms in hands/wrists of welders in this automobile factory is high. Gender, holding or pinching objects by hands, twisting wrists, being very tired after work, and insufficient operating space are the factors affecting hand/wrist MSDs, among which holding or pinching objects by hands and twisting wrists are the priority intervention factors.

15.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1146-1152, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1003825

ABSTRACT

When facing two or more choices, sound decision-making is critical. In the field of clinical medical practice and public health, more and more researchers use decision-making analysis as an important tool to assist in making the optimal choices. Public health emergencies have the characteristics of group cases, sudden and uncertain. In addition to causing serious damage to public health, they may also have varying degrees of impact on socio-economic, psychological and even social stability. At present, we have not seen the application of mature and sound decision analysis in public health emergency response. This paper reviewed the development of decision analysis in the medical field and the application of common decision-making models in clinical practice. Combined with the current situation of global infectious disease outbreaks and prevention and control, this paper puts forward the concepts and prospects of establishing an auxiliary decision-making system for public health emergencies, aiming to provide a scientific method for medical and health workers to respond to public health emergencies.

16.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 229-238, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013848

ABSTRACT

Aim To explore the effect of ZLY18 on angiotensin II-induced cardiac fibrosis and the underlying mechanism. Methods Ang II was used to induce cardiac fibrosis in vitro and in vivo. Cardiac fibroblasts were divided into blank control group, model group and medicine group. The medicine group was subdivided into ZLY18(L)group, ZLY18(M)group and ZLY18(H)group. Compound ZLY18 was given 1, 2, 5 μmol·L-1 respectively. C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into control group, model group and medicine group. The medicine group were subdivided into ZLY18(L)group, ZLY18(M)group and ZLY18(H)group. Compound ZLY18 was given 10,20 and 50 mg·kg-1 respectively. Both the model group and the medicine group were given with Ang II to induce cardiac fibrosis. The changes of protein levels were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. The changes of cardiac function indexes in C57BL/6 mice were detected by small animal echocardiography. The morphology, cell arrangement and collagen fibers of cardiac fibroblasts were observed by tissue section staining and other methods. Results The model of Ang II-induced myocardial fibrosis was successfully established at the cell and animal levels, and ZLY18 treatment improved the elevated fibrosis-related protein caused by Ang II and abnormal cardiac function in mice. Moreover, ZLY18 was able to inhibit the increased phosphorylation of TGF-1 and Smad3 caused by Ang II and increased Smad2/3 nuclear entry, suggesting that the antifibrotic effect of ZLY18 might be related to the activation of TGF-1/Smads signaling pathway. Conclusions ZLY18 has a protective effect on Ang II-induced cardiac fibrosis. ZLY18 may inhibit TGF-β/Smads signaling pathway activation to exert anti-fibrotic effects.

17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 890-899, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012253

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the feasibility of using donors with novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) when there are no other available donors and allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued. Methods: Seventy-one patients with malignant hematological diseases undergoing allo-HSCT between December 8, 2022, and January 10, 2023, were included. Of these, 16 received grafts from donors with mild COVID-19 (D-COVID(+) group) and 55 received grafts from donors without COVID-19 (D-COVID(-) group). The graft compositions were compared between the two groups. Engraftment, acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD), overall survival (OS), and relapse were also evaluated. Results: There were no serious side effects or adverse events in the D-COVID(+) group. The mononuclear cell dose and CD34(+) cell dose were comparable between the two groups, and no additional apheresis was required. There were no significant differences in the lymphocyte, monocyte, and T-cell subset doses between the two groups. The median natural killer cell dose in the D-COVID(+) group was significantly higher than that in the D-COVID(-) group (0.69×10(8)/kg vs. 0.53×10(8)/kg, P=0.031). The median follow-up time was 72 (33-104) days. All patients achieved primary engraftment. The 60-day platelet engraftment rates in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups were 100% and (96.4±0.2) %, respectively (P=0.568). There were no significant differences in neutrophil (P=0.309) and platelet (P=0.544) engraftment times. The cumulative incidence of grade 2-4 aGVHD was (37.5±1.6) % vs. (16.4±0.3) % (P=0.062), and of grade 3-4 aGVHD was 25.0% ±1.3% vs. 9.1% ±0.2% (P=0.095) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. The probabilities of 60-day OS were 100% and 98.1% ±1.8% (P=0.522) in the D-COVID(+) and D-COVID(-) groups, respectively. There was no relapse of primary disease during the study period. Conclusion: When allo-HSCT cannot be delayed or discontinued and no other donor is available, a donor with mild COVID-19 should be considered if tolerable. Larger sample sizes and longer follow-up periods are required to validate these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Tissue Donors , Graft vs Host Disease
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 189-196, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971123

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To dynamically observe the levels and activities of von Willebrand factor (vWF) and ADAMTS-13 (a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with a thrombospondin type 1 motif, member 13) in plasma of children with congenital ventricular septal defect (VSD) during perioperative period, and explore the value of plasma vWF antigen (vWF:Ag) and ADAMTS-13 activity (ADAMTS-13: AC) in evaluating vascular endothelial injury and prognosis in children with VSD.@*METHODS@#In this cross-sectional study, a total of 74 children with VSD who underwent surgical treatment in TEDA International Cardiovascular Hospital from September 2018 to March 2019 were enrolled in the observation group. Among them, there were 28 cases of pure VSD, 32 cases of VSD combined with pulmonary hypertension, and 14 cases of VSD combined with valvular heart disease. 31 healthy children who underwent physical examination in Tianjin Children's Hospital during the same period were collected as the control group. The biochemical indexes of the children at admission were recorded. Peripheral plasma was collected at admission, postsurgery day 0 and day 1, respectively, and the levels of vWF activity (vWF:AC), vWF:Ag, ADAMTS-13 antigen (ADAMTS-13:Ag) and ADAMTS-13:AC were detected.@*RESULTS@#The level of plasma vWF:Ag and vWF:AC in the observation group before surgery were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.001), and increased continuously, on postsurgery day 0 and day 1 (P<0.001). The level of ADAMTS-13:Ag in the observation group before surgery was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.001), which decreased significantly on postsurgery day 0 (P<0.001), and increased significantly on postsurgery day 1 compared with postsurgery day 0 (P=0.033). The level of ADAMTS-13:AC in the observation group before surgery was significantly lower than that in the control group (P=0.015), which decreased significantly on postsurgery day 0 (P=0.037), and increased on postsurgery day 1, but the difference was not statistically significant (P=0.051). The changes of vWF and ADAMTS-13 in the three subgroups were basically similar to the observation group. vWF: Ag/ADAMTS-13: AC ratio on postsurgery day 0 and day 1 had high diagnostic value in vascular endothelial injury (AUC=0.80, P<0.001; AUC=0.93, P<0.001). Preoperative vWF and ADAMTS-13 levels, and related baseline indicators were not correlated with postoperative infection, bleeding, thrombosis,etc.@*CONCLUSION@#Preoperative vWF: Ag, vWF: AC and ADAMTS-13: AC levels in children with VSD are low, while the level of ADAMTS-13: Ag is high. After surgery, the levels of vWF: Ag and vWF: AC are increased and the level of ADAMTS-13: Ag is decreased. The postoperative vWF: Ag/ADAMTS-13: AC ratio shows high diagnostic value in evaluating vascular endothelial injury. There is no correlation between preoperative vWF and ADAMTS-13 levels with perioperative clinical events.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , ADAMTS13 Protein , Cross-Sectional Studies , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular , Prognosis , von Willebrand Factor
19.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 73-77, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970986

ABSTRACT

Patients with congenital unilateral absence of the vas deferens (CUAVD) manifest diverse symptoms from normospermia to azoospermia. Treatment for CUAVD patients with obstructive azoospermia (OA) is complicated, and there is a lack of relevant reports. In this study, we describe the clinical features and evaluate the treatments and outcomes of CUAVD patients with OA. From December 2015 to December 2020, 33 patients were diagnosed as CUAVD with OA in Shanghai General Hospital (Shanghai, China). Patient information, ultrasound findings, semen analysis, hormone profiles, and treatment information were collected, and the clinical outcomes were evaluated. Of 33 patients, 29 patients were retrospectively analyzed. Vasoepididymostomy (VE) or cross VE was performed in 12 patients, the patency rate was 41.7% (5/12), and natural pregnancy was achieved in one of the patients. The other 17 patients underwent testicular sperm extraction as the distal vas deferens (contralateral side) was obstructed. These findings showed that VE or cross VE remains an alternative treatment for CUAVD patients with OA, even with a relatively low rate of patency and natural pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Female , Humans , Male , Vas Deferens/abnormalities , Azoospermia/surgery , Epididymis/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers , China , Semen
20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 562-568, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970493

ABSTRACT

The manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine is subject to material fluctuation and other uncertain factors which usually cause non-optimal state and inconsistent product quality. Therefore, it is necessary to design and collect the quality-rela-ted physical parameters, process parameters, and equipment parameters in the whole manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine for digitization and modeling of the process. In this paper, a method for non-optimal state identification and self-recovering regulation was developed for active quality control in the manufacturing process of traditional Chinese medicine. Moreover, taking vacuum belt drying process as an example, a DQN algorithm-based intelligent decision model was established and verified and the implementation process was also discussed and studied. Thus, the process parameters-based self-optimization strategy discovery and path planning of optimal process control were rea-lized in this study. The results showed that the deep reinforcement learning-based artificial intelligence technology was helpful to improve the product quality consistency, reduce production cost, and increase benefit.


Subject(s)
Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Artificial Intelligence , Quality Control , Algorithms
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