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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936459

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the situation of cancer screening of community residents and its association with the knowledge of cancer core knowledge, and to provide reference for the formulation of secondary cancer prevention measures. Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 2 037 residents aged 18-79 who lived in Bao 'an District, Shenzhen. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the relationship between core knowledge and cancer screening behavior after adjusting for age, gender, education, marriage, occupation and smoking. Results The cancer screening rate of community residents was 28.10%, and the screening rate of middle-aged and elderly people aged 40-79 was 33.50 %.The proportion of “not very well understanding”, “partial understanding” and “basic understanding” of the core knowledge of cancer were 43.91%, 42.33% and 13.76%, respectively, which was higher than that of the non-participants. Multivariate analysis showed that the women, the higher the level of education of college/university or above and the higher the level of knowledge of cancer prevention core knowledge, the higher the probability of participating in cancer screening was OR (95%CI ) : 2.40 (1.86-3.12), 1.65 (1.29-2.10), 1.38 (1.18 - 1.62), respectively. Conclusion The proportion of cancer screening in community residents needs to be improved, and the degree of core knowledge of cancer is closely related to cancer screening behavior. It is suggested to increase the publicity and education of the core knowledge of cancer, and at the same time, carry out the health education of secondary cancer prevention for the key population such as men and people with low education level, so as to improve the proportion of “early detection, early diagnosis and early treatment” of cancer.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936258

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of transoral robotic surgery (TORS) in the treatment of lingual thyroglossal duct cyst (LTGDC). Methods: The clinical data of 10 patients with LTGDC treated with TORS in Tongji Hospital affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from May 2017 to November 2020 were analyzed retrospectively,including 6 males and 4 females, aged 5-44 years. The cysts were fully exposed, and resection usually started from the cephalic side of lesions. The range of resection was 3 to 5 mm away from the lesions, and partial hyoid bone was removed if necessary. Intra-operative robotic set-up time,operation time and estimated blood loss,and post-operative local bleeding, dyspnea and recovery time for oral intake were analyzed. SPSS 12.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The cysts in all 10 patients were successfully resected by TORS with da Vinci Si surgical system. The mean robotic set-up and exposure time, operation time, estimated intraoperative blood loss and recovery time for oral intake were (15.5±7.1) min, (17.6±7.4) min, (8.9±6.4)ml and (2.3±2.2)days, respectively. No patient required tracheostomy intra-or post-operatively, and no symptoms of airway obstruction, postoperative bleeding, pharyngeal fistula, hoarseness and neurological impairment occurred after operation. The patients were followed up for 5 to 47 months, with median follow-up time of 17 months, and no recurrence was observed. Conclusion: TORS is safe and feasible for resection of LTGDC, with rapid recovery and low recurrence rate.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Retrospective Studies , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics , Thyroglossal Cyst/surgery , Tongue/surgery , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936229

ABSTRACT

Objective: To clarify the chemotactic characteristics of type 2 helper T cells (Th2 cells) and type 2 follicular helper T cells (Tfh2 cells) in peripheral blood of patients with allergic rhinitis (AR), and to explore the associations between the chemokine receptors expression and the levels of antigen-specific IgE (sIgE) and the severity of the disease. Methods: The peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 41 patients with AR (20 males and 21 females, aged 35.0 (24.5, 47.0) years) and 42 healthy controls (24 males and 18 females, aged 35.0 (24.8, 46.5) years) treated in Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology from April 2017 to February 2018 were isolated. The expressions of chemokine receptor (CCR)2, CCR3, CCR4, CCR5, CCR7, CCR8, chemokine C-X3-C-motif receptor 1 (CX3CR1) and C-X-C motif receptor 4 (CXCR4) in Th2 and Tfh2 cells were explored by fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACs). The relationship between the expression of these chemokine receptors in Th2 cells and Tfh2 cells and the levels of serum sIgE and the scores of visual analogue scale (VAS) was analyzed. Graphpad prism 7.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: The significant differences in chemotactic characteristics between Th2 cells and Tfh2 cells in the control group were found: Th2 cells highly expressed chemokine receptors CCR2, CCR3, CCR5, CCR8 and CX3CR1, while Tfh2 cells highly expressed immune cell homing chemokine receptors CCR7 and CXCR4. AR patients, compared to the control, expressed higher levels of CCR2, CCR5 and CX3CR1 on peripheral Th2 cells(all P<0.01). At the same time, the proportion of CCR2+and CCR5+Th2 cells was positively correlated with VAS score (r value was 0.58 and 0.61, respectively, both P<0.01). In AR patients, higher expression levels of CCR7 on Tfh2 cells were detected (P<0.01), and the proportion of CCR7+Tfh2 cells was positively correlated with the level of serum sIgE (r=0.51, P<0.01). Conclusion: The percentage of CCR2+ and CCR5+ Th2 cells in peripheral of AR patients can reflect the severity of AR to some extent, while the percentage of CCR7+ Tfh2 cells is positively correlated with the level of serum sIgE.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Male , Middle Aged , Rhinitis, Allergic/metabolism , Severity of Illness Index , Th2 Cells
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936188

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and plasma inflammatory markers levels in different endotypes of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), and to explore the plasma biomarkers associated with endotypes of CRSwNP. Methods: A total of 74 CRSwNP patients (male/female: 41/33; average age: 40 years) and 40 control subjects underwent septoplasty in Tongji Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017 were enrolled in this study. The demographic and clinical features of all subjects including age, gender, past history, visual analogue scale (VAS) and CT scores were recorded. Patients with CRSwNP were divided into EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow four endotypes according to the eosinophil (Eos) percentage and neutrophil (Neu) count of nasal polyps tissue. Preoperative blood routine was performed and the levels of 27 biomarkers in plasma were measured by Bio-Plex suspension chip method. The clinical characteristics and the level of serum biomarkers of patients with different endotypes were compared. SPSS 18.0 software was used for statistical analysis. Results: There was no difference in the clinical features including gender ratio, age, course of disease, VAS score, endoscopy and CT score among EoshighNeuhigh, EoshighNeulow, EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients. Compared with EoslowNeuhigh and EoslowNeulow CRSwNP patients, patients with EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow endotype demonstrated a higher prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, and increased peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage (all P<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between EoshighNeuhigh and EoshighNeulow CRSwNP. Plasma levels of all 27 mediators including type 1 cytokines (IL-12 and IFN-γ), type 2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5 and IL-13), type 3 cytokines (IL-17A), pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and TNF-α) and tissue remodeling-related markers (bFGF, VEGF and PDGF-BB) demonstrated no significant difference among all endotypes of CRSwNP (all P>0.05). Conclusions: Eoshigh and Eoslow CRSwNP patients display significant differences regarding the prevalence of atopy, allergic rhinitis and asthma comorbidity, peripheral blood eosinophil absolute count and percentage, but the clinical characteristics, blood cellular and biological markers can not effectively distinguish four endotypes of CRSwNP. Further studies are warranted to dig out the potential objective, convenient and reliable markers associated with endotypes in patients with CRSwNP.


Subject(s)
Adult , Chronic Disease , Eosinophils , Female , Humans , Inflammation Mediators , Male , Nasal Polyps/pathology , Rhinitis/pathology , Sinusitis/complications
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935282

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the correlation of serum lipids levels of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients with sex, age and apolipoprotein E (Apo E) gene polymorphism. Methods: The retrospective study method was used, and 407 AD patients (142 males and 265 females, aged 52-91 years) were selected from Beijing Tiantan Hospital from January 2015 to August 2021 as the research target, and 894 healthy persons (339 males and 555 females, aged 52-94 years) who did body examination were selected as the control group. The AD patients were divided into four age groups according to the age interval of 10 years, including 85 aged 50-59 years, 163 aged 60-69 years, 119 aged 70-79 years, and 40 aged more than 80 years. The serum lipids levels were detected by biochemical analyzer, including triglycerides (TG), cholesterol (CHO), high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), apolipoproteinA1(Apo A1) and apolipoprotein B (Apo B). ApoE gene polymorphism were detected by PCR fluorescent probe method. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis H test were used to compare the serum lipids levels in each group. Results: The levels of serum CHO and LDL-C were 3.30(1.41,4.82) mmol/L and 1.76(1.39,2.78) mmol/L in AD patients, and 4.84(4.24, 5.56) mmol/L and 2.91(2.36, 3.57) mmol/L in control group, and the levels of serum CHO and LDL-C of AD patients were significantly lower than control group (Z=-15.172,Z=-14.583 , P<0.001, P<0.001). The levels of serum HDL-C and Apo B were 1.84(1.30, 3.88) mmol/L and 1.17(0.85, 1.57) g/L in AD patients, and 1.39(1.18, 1.64) mmol/L and 0.93(0.81, 1.09) g/L in control group, and the levels of serum HDL-C and Apo-B of AD patients were significantly higher than control group (Z=-12.249 , Z=-9.706 , P<0.001, P<0.001). There was no significant difference in TG and Apo A1 between 2 groups (Z=-1.577 , Z=-0.408 , P=0.115, P=0.683). The levels of TG, CHO, LDL-C in female AD patients were significantly higher than male patients (Z=-2.737 , Z=-3.963 , Z=-4.417, P=0.006, P<0.001, P<0.001). There were significant differences in TG, CHO, HDL-C, LDL-C, Apo A1 and Apo B among AD patients of all age groups (Z=11.263 , Z=10.060 , Z=40.246 , Z=10.451 , Z=24.315 , Z=19.922 , P=0.010 , P=0.018 , P<0.001 , P=0.015 , P<0.001 , P<0.001). The serum CHO and LDL-C levels were positively correlated with age (rs=0.160, rs=0.174, P=0.001, P<0.001), and HDL-C, Apo A1 and Apo B levels were negatively correlated with age (rs=-0.312, rs=-0.272, rs=-0.146, P<0.001, P<0.001, P=0.003), and there was no correlation between TG level and age in AD patients (rs=0.086, P=0.082). There were 3 cases (3.33%) of E2, 43 cases of E3 (47.78%) and 44 cases of E4 (48.89%) in AD patients, and 22 cases (12.72%) of E2, 117 cases of E3 (67.63%) and 34 cases of E4 (19.65%) in control group. There was significant difference in Apo E genotype distribution between AD patients and control group (χ²=26.381 , P<0.001). Apo E4 was the most common genotype in AD patients, and the proportion was 48.89%. Except for Apo A1(Z=7.821 , P=0.020), there was no significant difference in TG, CHO, HDL-C, LDL-C and Apo B levels among all patients with different genotypes (Z=3.732 , Z=1.677 , Z=1.455 , Z=1.619 , Z=2.202 , P=0.155, P=0.432, P=0.483, P=0.445, P=0.333). Conclusion: The levels of CHO and LDL-C decreased while the levels of HDL-C and Apo B increased in AD patients. The dyslipidemia in AD patients might be correlated with age, but not sex and Apo E genotypes.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease/genetics , Apolipoproteins E/genetics , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Polymorphism, Genetic , Retrospective Studies , Triglycerides/blood
6.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 93-98, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935187

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate stomach cancer incidence and mortality in Henan, 2016 and analyze the trend of stomach cancer incidence and mortality from 2010 to 2016. Methods: Stomach cancer related data in 2016 was extracted from Henan cancer registration and follow-up system. All data were qualified in validity, reliability and completeness according to the Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/IACR). The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated by areas, gender and age based on the quality data and the registered population data of Henan province in 2016. The epidemic trend of stomach cancer was also been evaluated based on the age-standardized incidence and mortality by Chinese population (ASR China) from 2010 to 2016. Results: In 2016, the estimated incident cases of stomach cancer were 44 311. The incidence was 41.07/100 000, ASR China was 30.17/100 000, ASR by world population (ASR world) was 30.36/100 000, and the cumulative incidence rate was 3.84%. The incidences of male and female were 55.65/100 000 and 25.35/100 000, respectively. Meanwhile, 32 927 people died of stomach cancer in Henan. The mortality was 30.52/100 000, ASR China was 21.45/100 000, ASR world was 21.54/100 000, and the cumulative mortality was 2.53%. From 2010 to 2016, both the ASR China for incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan showed a steady downward trend. In rural, the ASR China for incidence and mortality decreased rapidly, while the stable trend was observed in urban. Nevertheless, the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in rural were still higher than those in urban. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in Henan province showed steadily declining trend from 2010 to 2016, and the geographical distribution difference between rural and urban areas was gradually narrowing. However, the disease burden was still high in 2016.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Stomach Neoplasms/epidemiology , Urban Population
7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 86-92, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935186

ABSTRACT

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer in 2016 and their changing trend during 2010-2016 according to the cancer registration data in Henan province. Methods: The data quality including completeness, validity, and reliability of local registries which submitted the cancer registration data of 2016 were assessed according to the criteria of Guideline on Cancer Registration in China and IARC/IACR. Esophageal cancer cases (ICD10: C15) were extracted from the database, and the incidence and mortality stratified by gender, age, and areas (urban/rural) were calculated, the incidence and mortality of provincial cancer were estimated combined with provincial population data. China's 2000 census population and Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized rate. Joinpoint model was used to estimate the changing trend of age standardized incidence and mortality along with the calendar year. Results: Approximately 40.10 thousand new esophageal cancer cases were diagnosed in Henan in 2016, accounting for 13.46% of all new cancer cases, and it ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude incidence of esophageal cancer was 37.21/100 000 with an age-standardized incidence rate by China standard population (ASIRC) of 26.74/100 000 and an age-standardized incidence rate by world standard population (ASIRW) of 27.12/100 000. The incidence of esophageal cancer in males was higher than that in females, with the ASIRC of 34.53/100 000 and 19.19/100 000, respectively. It was higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASIRC of 28.13/100 000 and 20.90/100 000, respectively. About 29.30 thousand deaths of esophageal cancer in Henan in 2016, accounting for 15.61% of all cancer deaths in Henan, which ranked the third among cancer of all sites. The crude mortality rate was 27.14/100 000 with an age-standardized mortality rate by China standard population (ASMRC) of 18.74/100 000 and an age-standardized mortality rate by world standard population (ASMRW) of 18.78/100 000. The mortality in males was higher than that in females, with the ASMRC of 24.78/100 000 and 13.12/100 000, respectively. It was also higher in rural areas than that in urban areas, with the ASMRC of 19.48/100 000 and 15.73/100 000, respectively. The ASIRC and ASMRC were declining with annual percent change (APC) of 3.12% (APC=-3.12%; 95%CI: -5.30%, -0.90%; P=0.015) and 2.47% (APC=-2.47%; 95%CI: -4.70%, -0.20%; P=0.039) during 2010-2016. However, the significant declining trend was only observed in rural areas in Henan, and the changing trend was same between males and females. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality of esophageal cancer are declining since 2010, however, the disease burden remains large in Henan. Therefore, comprehensive prevention and control efforts should be strengthened according to its epidemic characteristics and risk factors.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Esophageal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Female , Humans , Incidence , Male , Registries , Reproducibility of Results , Rural Population , Urban Population
8.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935136

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the functional changes of key gut microbiota (GM) that produce lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients and to explore their potential role in the pathogenesis of AF. Methods: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Patients with AF admitted to Beijing Chaoyang Hospital of Capital Medical University were enrolled from March 2016 to December 2018. Subjects with matched genetic backgrounds undergoing physical examination during the same period were selected as controls. Clinical baseline data and fecal samples were collected. Bacterial DNA was extracted and metagenomic sequencing was performed by using Illumina Novaseq. Based on metagenomic data, the relative abundances of KEGG Orthology (KO), enzymatic genes and species that harbored enzymatic genes were acquired. The key features were selected via the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) analysis. The role of GM-derived LPS biosynthetic feature in the development of AF was assessed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) and logistic regression analysis. Results: Fifty nonvalvular AF patients (mean age: 66.0 (57.0, 71.3), 32 males(64%)) were enrolled as AF group. Fifty individuals (mean age 55.0 (50.5, 57.5), 41 males(82%)) were recruited as controls. Compared with the controls, AF patients showed a marked difference in the GM genes underlying LPS-biosynthesis, including 20 potential LPS-synthesis KO, 7 LPS-biosynthesis enzymatic genes and 89 species that were assigned as taxa harbored nine LPS-enzymatic genes. LASSO regression analysis showed that 5 KO, 3 enzymatic genes and 9 species could be selected to construct the KO, enzyme and species scoring system. Genes enriched in AF group included 2 KO (K02851 and K00972), 3 enzymatic genes (LpxH, LpxC and LpxK) and 7 species (Intestinibacter bartlettii、Ruminococcus sp. JC304、Coprococcus catus、uncultured Eubacterium sp.、Eubacterium sp. CAG:251、Anaerostipes hadrus、Dorea longicatena). ROC curve analysis revealed the predictive capacity of differential GM-derived LPS signatures to distinguish AF patients in terms of above KO, enzymatic and species scores: area under curve (AUC)=0.957, 95%CI: 0.918-0.995, AUC=0.940, 95%CI 0.889-0.991, AUC=0.972, 95%CI 0.948-0.997. PLS-SEM showed that changes in lipopolysaccharide-producing bacteria could be involved in the pathogenesis of AF. The key KO mediated 35.17% of the total effect of key bacteria on AF. After incorporating the clinical factors of AF, the KO score was positively associated with the significantly increased risk of AF (OR<0.001, 95%CI:<0.001-0.021, P<0.001). Conclusion: Microbes involved in LPS synthesis are enriched in the gut of AF patients, accompanied with up-regulated LPS synthesis function by encoding the LPS-enzymatic biosynthesis gene.


Subject(s)
Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , Lipopolysaccharides , Male , Middle Aged , Prospective Studies
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934317

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the clinical characteristics of steroid-induced ocular hypertension (SIOH) in patients with uveitis, and explore the relationship between its clinical phenotype and gene polymorphism.Methods:A retrospective case-control study. From July 2019 to December 2020, 576 patients with uveitis who were treated with glucocorticoid eye drops in Tianjin Medical University Eye Hospital were included in the study. Among them, there were 175 confirmed glucocorticoid responders (SRs) and 401 glucocorticoid non-responders (NRs). Seventy cases of SRs (age ≥18 years) using 1 % prednisone acetate eye drops were selected as the experiment group and 64 cases of NRs were selected as the control group. The polymorphism of rs2523864 and rs3873352 of human leukocyte antigen complex group ( HCG) 22 gene were detected by Sanger sequencing. To observe the clinical characteristics of SIOH after the use of glucocorticoid eye drops, and the correlation between rs2523864 and rs3873352 and the occurrence of SIOH. Differences among groups were compared with the Chi-square test or Fisher's exact test. The correlation between the occurrence of SIOH and the range of intraocular pressure increases after glucocorticoid use and the rs2523864 and rs3873352 loci were compared using the odds ratio ( OR) and its 95% confidence interval ( CI). Results:SIOH occurred in 175 (30.4%, 175/576) of 576 patients. Among them, there were 96 males (54.9%, 96/175) and 79 females (45.1%, 79/175); the average age was 33.64±17.40 years. Steroid high responders (HRs) and steroid moderate responders (MRs) were 58 (33.1%, 58/175) and 117 (66.9%, 117/175) cases. The medication time for the increase in intraocular pressure in MRs that was 33 (19, 56) days, and in HRs that was 28 (14, 36) days, the difference of which was significant ( Z=-1.999, P=0.046). No differences were found in daily doses of ocular hypertension induced by 1% prednisone acetate eye drops between MRs which was 4.24 (3.46, 4.66) drops/day and HRs that was 4.32 (3.84, 5.36) drops/day ( Z=-1.676, P=0.094). The genotype and allele frequency distribution of the rs3873352 locus in the case group and HRs group were significantly different from those in the control group ( P<0.05). The intraocular pressure with rs3873352 GG genotype after the medication was higher than that with GC and CC genotype ( Z=2.855, 2.628; P=0.013, 0.026), whereas there was no significant difference between different genotypes of rs2523864 ( Z=3.580, P>0.05). Genetic model analysis revealed the risk of SIOH in rs3873352 G allele carriers (GG+GC) was 2.048 times that of non-G allele carriers ( OR=2.048, 95% CI: 1.027-4.081, P=0.041). The genotype and allele frequency of rs2523864 locus showed no significant difference between different group ( P>0.05). Conclusions:After the use of glucocorticoid eye drops, HRs have an earlier increase in intraocular pressure than MRs. HCG22-rs3873352 gene polymorphism is related to the occurrence of SIOH, GG genotype increases the risk of SIOH, and G allele is a risk gene for SIOH.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933982

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore any changes with age in the center of plantar pressure among normal people after walking.Methods:Fifty healthy subjects were divided into a young group and an elderly group, each of 25. Gait descriptors were collected for each subject using a model AL-600 gait and balance training and evaluation apparatus. The gait descriptors were the center of pressure displacement (COPD), and the COPD in the medial-lateral (COPD-X) and anterior-posterior (COPD-Y) directions before and after 10 and 15 minutes of walking.Results:The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group increased after both 10 and 15 minutes of walking, but among the young group increases were observed only after 15 minutes. The average COPD, COPD-X and COPD-Y of the elderly group were always significantly larger than the young group′s averages.Conclusions:Gait stability among the elderly decreases after as little as 10 minutes of walking, but among the young decreases are observed only after 15 minutes.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 176-180, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933188

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the feasibility, safety and short-term effect of the Hood technique in robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP).Methods:The data of 24 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP with Hood technique From June 2020 to March 2021 were retrospectively reviewed. The mean age was 67.8 (57-76) years, and the mean body mass index was 25.17(18.31-32.54)kg/m 2. The mean tPSA value was 18.36(4.21-67.57)ng/ml and the mean biopsy Gleason score was 7.3 (6-8). In term of the clinical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the T 1c stage in 1 case, T 2a stage in 5 cases, T 2b stage in 4 cases and T 2c stage in 14 cases. During Hood technique, the anterior bladder were limitedly isolated without exposing the outline of pelvis and prostate. Results:All the cases were completed robotically without conversion, transfusion or positive surgical margin. The average robot-assisted operation time was 84.5(63-110) mins. Estimated blood loss was 75.3(20-180) ml. The average time for maintaining the drain was 3.7(3-5) days. The mean postoperative hospital stay was 7.1(4-11) days. The mean catheterization time was 7.3(6-9) days after surgery. 23 patients achieved continence immediately after catheter removal, while 1 patient had continence full-recovery 2 weeks after surgery. The mean surgical Gleason score was 7.9 (6-9). In term of the surgical T stage, the 24 cases were composed of the pT 2a stage in 4 case, T 2b stage in 6 cases, T 2c stage in 14 cases.During 3-12 months’ follow-up, no biochemical recurrence was found. Conclusions:Hood technique were safe and valid in RARP with excellent immediate continence recovery. It facilitated Retzius sparing in a convenient approach with low positive surgical margin rate.

12.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 147-153, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928543

ABSTRACT

Individualized treatment of prostate cancer depends on an accurate stratification of patients who are sensitive to various treatments. Interleukin-23 (IL-23) was reported to play a significant role in prostate cancer. Here, we aimed to explore the clinical value of IL-23-secreting (IL-23+) cells in prostate cancer patients. We evaluated interleukin-23A (IL-23A) expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas database and retrospectively enrolled 179 treatment-naïve metastatic prostate cancer patients diagnosed in our institute between June 2012 and December 2014. IL-23+ cells were stained and evaluated via immunohistochemistry. Further, survival and multivariate Cox regression analyses were conducted to explore the prognostic value of IL-23+ cells. We found that IL-23A expression correlated with disease progression, while IL-23+ cells were clearly stained within prostate cancer tissue. Patients with higher Gleason scores and multiple metastatic lesions tended to have more IL-23+ cell infiltration. Further analyses showed that patients with higher levels of IL-23+ cells had significantly worse overall survival (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.996, 95% confidence interval [95% CI]: 1.812-4.955; P = 0.001) and a higher risk of developing castration resistance (HR = 2.725, 95% CI: 1.865-3.981; P = 0.001). Moreover, subgroup analyses showed that when patients progressed to a castration-resistant status, the prognostic value of IL-23+ cells was observed only in patients treated with abiraterone instead of docetaxel. Therefore, we showed that high IL-23+ cell infiltration is an independent prognosticator in patients with metastatic prostate cancer. IL-23+ cell infiltration may correlate with abiraterone effectiveness in castration-resistant prostate cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Abiraterone Acetate/therapeutic use , Androstenes , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Interleukin-23/metabolism , Male , Prostatic Neoplasms, Castration-Resistant/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
13.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 50-55, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928506

ABSTRACT

The purpose of our study is to investigate the prognostic value of phosphatase and tensin homolog on chromosome 10 (PTEN) expression in patients with de novo metastatic castration naïve prostate cancer (mCNPC). A total of 205 patients with mCNPC at Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center (Shanghai, China) were retrospectively examined. Immunohistochemical staining of PTEN was performed on prostate biopsy samples of these patients. Associations among clinicopathological features, patient survival and PTEN protein expression were analyzed. PTEN loss occurred in 58 of 205 (28.3%) patients. Loss of PTEN was significantly correlated with high metastatic volume (P = 0.017). No association between PTEN expression and Gleason score was observed. Patients with PTEN loss had significantly shorter progression-free survival (PFS, P < 0.001) and overall survival (OS, P < 0.001) compared with patients with intact PTEN expression. Multivariate analysis showed that elevated alkaline phosphatase, high metastatic volume and PTEN loss were independent poor prognostic factors for PFS. The Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status (ECOG PS)#8805; 2 and PTEN loss were independent poor prognostic factors for OS. The adjusted hazard ratio of PTEN loss for PFS and OS was 1.67 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14-2.43, P = 0.008) and 1.95 (95% CI: 1.23-3.10, P = 0.005), respectively. PTEN loss was also significantly associated with shorter PFS (P = 0.025) and OS (P < 0.001) in patients with low-volume metastatic disease. Our data showed that PTEN loss is an independent predictor for shorter PFS and OS in patients with de novo mCNPC.


Subject(s)
China/epidemiology , Humans , Male , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics , Prognosis , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880376

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has had a massive impact on public health, resulting in sudden dietary and behavioral habit changes. Frontline epidemic prevention workers play a pivotal role against COVID-19. They must face high-risk infection conditions, insufficient anti-epidemic material supplies, mental pressure, and so on. COVID-19 seriously affects their dietary and behavioral habits, and poor habits make them more susceptible to COVID-19. However, their baseline dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of COVID-19 remain unclear for these workers in China. This study aimed to explore the baseline dietary and behavioral habits of frontline workers and their willingness to change these habits after the outbreak of the epidemic; in addition, susceptible subgroups were identified by stratified analyses as targets of protective measures to keep them from being infected with COVID-19.@*METHODS@#A cross-sectional study was conducted through an online questionnaire using a sample of 22,459 valid individuals living in China, including 9402 frontline epidemic prevention workers.@*RESULTS@#Before COVID-19, 23.9% of the frontline epidemic prevention workers reported a high-salt diet, 46.9% of them reported a high frequency of fried foods intake, and 50.9% of them smoked cigarettes. After the outbreak of COVID-19, 34.6% of them expressed a willingness to reduce salt intake, and 43.7% of them wanted to reduce the frequency of pickled vegetables intake. A total of 37.9% of them expressed a willingness to decrease or quit smoking, and 44.5% of them wanted to increase sleep duration. Significant differences in the baseline dietary and behavioral habits and the willingness to change their habits were observed between frontline epidemic prevention workers and other participants. Among the frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19, frontline epidemic prevention experience was a promoting factor for adopting worse dietary and behavioral habits, including those in the high-salt intake subgroup (OR, 2.824; 95% CI, 2.341-3.405) and the 11-20 cigarettes/day subgroup (OR, 2.067; 95% CI, 1.359-3.143).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The dietary and behavioral habits of frontline epidemic prevention workers were worse than that those of other participants before COVID-19. They had a greater willingness to adopt healthy dietary and behavioral habits after experiencing the outbreak of COVID-19. However, frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor dietary and behavioral habits before COVID-19 continued in engage in these poor habits. Dietary and behavioral intervention policies should be drafted to protect their health, especially frontline epidemic prevention workers with poor habits at baseline.


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/psychology , China/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diet/standards , Female , Health Behavior , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Health Personnel/psychology , Humans , Male , Risk Reduction Behavior , SARS-CoV-2 , Surveys and Questionnaires
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879173

ABSTRACT

Six month old Cinnamomum cassia seedlings were used to simulate drought stress with polyethylene glycol(PEG 6000). The physiological indicators(osmotic substances, antioxidant enzymes, etc.) and chemical components of seedlings under different drought levels and the correlation between the two were studied. The results showed that the chlorophyll content and relative water content decreased gradually with the increase of PGE 6000(0, 5%, 10%, 15%) concentration and time(3, 5, 7 d), while the soluble protein content, soluble sugar content and catalase(CAT) activity increased, but the rising rate slowed down with the time. The activities of peroxidase(POD), superoxide dismutase(SOD), malondialdehyde(MDA) and proline content increased at first and then decreased. The content of coumarin, cinnamaldehyde, cinnamic acid and dimethoxycinnamaldehyde decreased, while the content of cinnamyl alcohol continued to increase.Under drought stress, the fluorescence signals of reactive oxygen species and no contents in roots of C. cassia seedlings were significantly stronger than those of the control.Further correlation analysis showed that coumarin content, di-methoxycinnamaldehyde content and osmoregulation substance content were significantly negatively correlated(P<0.05), cinnamic acid content was significantly negatively correlated with POD and SOD activities(P<0.01).It was found that C. cassia seedlings showed a certain degree of drought tolerance under short-term or mild drought stress, but if the drought exceeded a certain degree, the physiological metabolism of the seedlings would be unbalanced.


Subject(s)
Catalase , Cinnamomum aromaticum , Droughts , Malondialdehyde , Seedlings , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878704

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the research status,hotspots,and frontiers of atherosclerosis genomics from 2010 to 2019.Methods CiteSpace software was used to conduct data statistics and visual analysis on countries,institutions,authors,journals,co-cited papers,and keywords of the related papers published in the Web of Science from 2010 to 2019.Results A total of 1021 papers in English were included,and the annual number of publications generally showed an upward trend.The knowledge base in the research of atherosclerosis mostly focused on the genetic risk sites and biomarkers for coronary artery diseases such as coronary heart disease,myocardial infarction,and dyslipidemia.The related journals mainly involved the fields of molecular biology,biology,genetics,immunology,medicine,pharmacy,and clinical medicine.The latest research in atherosclerosis concentrated on genome-wide association study,DNA methylation,microRNA,messenger RNA and so on.The research frontiers involved long noncoding RNA,DNA methylation,and immune metabolism.Conclusion The studies in atherosclerotic genomics have gradually increased.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis/genetics , Bibliometrics , Biomarkers , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genomics , Humans
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921669

ABSTRACT

In this study, the rhizobacteria and actinomycetes of Polygonum multiflorum were screened for the strains with indole acetic acid(IAA)-producing capacity by Salkowski method, the siderophore-producing strains by Chrome Azurol S(CAS) assay, and the strains with inorganic phosphorus-solubilizing capacity by PKO inorganic phosphorus medium. The strains were identified by morphological identification, physiological and biochemical characteristics, and 16 S rDNA sequences. Furthermore, the effect of growth-promoting strains on the seed germination and development of P. multiflorum was tested. The results showed that among 196 strains, two strains F17 and F42 were found to be capable of producing IAA and siderophore and solubilizing inorganic phosphorus simulta-neously. For F17 and F42, the results are listed below: 38.65 and 33.64 mg·L~(-1) for IAA production, 0.85 and 0.49 for siderophore-producing capacities(A_s/A_r), and 1.35 and 1.70 for inorganic phosphorus-solubilizing capacities(D/d), respectively. Comprehensive analysis revealed that strains F17 and F42 were identified as Pseudochrobactrum asacharolyticum and Bacillus aryabhattai, respectively, and both could significantly promote the seed germination of P. multiflorum.


Subject(s)
Bacillus , Fallopia multiflora , Germination , Seeds , Soil Microbiology
18.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 801-804, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912971

ABSTRACT

The incidence of early-onset colorectal cancer is increasing year by year, and it occupies an important position in colorectal cancer. Most of the characteristics of patients with early-onset colorectal cancer are different from those with late-onset colorectal cancer, the patients are diagnosed in a late stage, and their pathological manifestations show a type of poor prognosis. At present, there is a lack of consensus and guideline for the diagnosis, treatment and screening of early-onset colorectal cancer. A full understanding of the characteristics of early-onset colorectal cancer helps to understand its pathogenesis and guide screening and treatment to reduce the incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer. This article reviews the clinicopathological characteristics, molecular pathological mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment, and prognosis of early-onset colorectal cancer, in order to provide references for elucidating its etiology and formulating scientific and standardized screening strategies.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911364

ABSTRACT

The Mediterranean diet refers to the dietary pattern derived from eating habits of the southern European countries along the Mediterranean coast. It is a healthy diet pattern with essential nutrients. It was reported that the incidence of osteoporosis in the Mediterranean countries is lower, so it is of particular interest to explore the effect and potential mechanism of the diet on bone health. Applying research results of the Mediterranean diet to the prevention of osteoporosis in other countries is a feasible way to reduce the incidence of osteoporosis in the future.

20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 730-734, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911105

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the advantages of the modified right renal artery dissection in the laparoscopic resection of right renal carcinoma combined with venous tumor thrombus.Methods:From January 2016 to June 2016, a retrospective analysis of the three-dimensional CT images of renal blood vessels in 70 patients with full abdominal CT plain scan plus enhanced scan from Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University was performed. On the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 14 cases (20.0%), posterior in 33 cases(47.1%), and below in 23 cases(32.9%). In addition, on the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 1 case (1.4%), posterior in 26 cases(37.1%), and below in 43 cases (61.4%). Based on this finding, 11 patients with right kidney cancer combined with venous tumor thrombus, admitted to Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University from June 2016 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The average age of the patients was(58.7±6.8)(45-68) years old. The CT three-dimensional reconstruction of the renal blood vessels was shown on the sagittal plane of the right margin of the aorta before the operation, and the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 cases, posterior in 7 cases, and lower in 4 cases. On the sagittal plane of the left margin of the inferior vena cava, the right renal artery was detected to locate above the left renal vein in 0 case, behind in 3 cases, and below in 8 cases. Renal tumors are located in the upper middle in 5 cases and in the lower middle in 6 cases. The maximum diameter of the tumor to be resected was 8.5-12.0 cm, with an average of (10.0±1.4) cm. Among them, 4 cases had Mayo grade 0 tumor thrombus, 4 cases were grade Ⅰ tumor thrombus, and 3 cases were grade Ⅱ tumor thrombus. All 11 cases underwent transperitoneal laparoscopic surgery. During the operation, it was found that the relationship between the right renal artery and the left renal vein was consistent with the preoperative three-dimensional reconstruction of renal blood vessels. The modified right renal artery dissection method was used, that is, the right renal artery was detected and ligated between the inferior vena cava and the aorta, using the left renal vein as a mark, and then the right kidneys and vein tumor thrombi were removed.Results:All of the 11 operations in this group were completed successfully. The operation time was (110.5±29.8)(70-150) min, the average time of right renal artery dissection was(28.5±5.8)(16- 33) min, and the amount of intraoperative bleeding was(112.7±83.5)(20-300) ml. No serious complications occurred during the operation in 11 cases. Postoperative pathological examination showed 10 cases of clear cell carcinoma and 1 case of papillary cell carcinoma. The postoperative hospital stay was 4.2 (4.18±0.75) days. There were no complications such as secondary bleeding, infection, lower extremity venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism. All 11 patients were followed up for 3 to 42 months, with an average of(19.5±12.1) months. One patient died 23 months after the operation, and no tumor recurrence or metastasis occurred in the remaining patients.Conclusions:When the right renal artery runs to the left edge of the inferior vena cava, it is mostly behind the left renal vein. In the laparoscopic resection of right renal cancer with venous tumor thrombus, the modified right renal artery dissection method can quickly find and dissociate the right renal artery. The operation time is short, the intraoperative bleeding is less, and no postoperative complications occur.

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