Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 21
Filter
1.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3565-3575, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981488

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the underlying mechanism of Zhenwu Decoction in the treatment of heart failure by regulating electrical remodeling through the transient outward potassium current(I_(to))/voltage-gated potassium(Kv) channels. Five normal SD rats were intragastrically administered with Zhenwu Decoction granules to prepare drug-containing serum, and another seven normal SD rats received an equal amount of distilled water to prepare blank serum. H9c2 cardiomyocytes underwent conventional passage and were treated with angiotensin Ⅱ(AngⅡ) for 24 h. Subsequently, 2%, 4%, and 8% drug-containing serum, simvastatin(SIM), and BaCl_2 were used to interfere in H9c2 cardiomyocytes for 24 h. The cells were divided into a control group [N, 10% blank serum + 90% high-glucose DMEM(DMEM-H)], a model group(M, AngⅡ + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a low-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z1, AngⅡ + 2% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoction + 8% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a medium-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z2, AngⅡ + 4% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoc-tion + 6% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), a high-dose Zhenwu Decoction-containing serum group(Z3, AngⅡ + 8% drug-containing serum of Zhenwu Decoction + 2% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), an inducer group(YD, AngⅡ + SIM + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H), and an inhibitor group(YZ, AngⅡ + BaCl_2 + 10% blank serum + 90% DMEM-H). The content of ANP in cell extracts of each group was detected by ELISA. The relative mRNA expression levels of ANP, Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2 were detected by real-time quantitative PCR. The protein expression of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2 was detected by Western blot. I_(to) was detected by the whole cell patch-clamp technique. The results showed that Zhenwu Decoction at low, medium, and high doses could effectively reduce the surface area of cardiomyocytes. Compared with the M group, the Z1, Z2, Z3, and YD groups showed decreased ANP content and mRNA level, increased protein and mRNA expression of Kv4.2, Kv4.3, DPP6, and KChIP2, and decreased protein and mRNA expression of Kv1.4, and the aforementioned changes were the most notable in the Z3 group. Compared with the N group, the Z1, Z2, and Z3 groups showed significantly increased peak current and current density of I_(to). The results indicate that Zhenwu Decoction can regulate myocardial remodeling and electrical remodeling by improving the expression trend of Kv1.4, Kv4.2, Kv4.3, KChIP2, and DPP6 proteins and inducing I_(to) to regulate Kv channels, which may be one of the mechanisms of Zhenwu Decoction in treating heart failure and related arrhythmias.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Myocytes, Cardiac , Atrial Remodeling , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Heart Failure/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Potassium
2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1655-1662, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978719

ABSTRACT

An UHPLC-Q-exactive orbitrap MS method for the simultaneous determination of 19 chemical components in Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid was established and the quality differences between different batches of samples was compared by chemometric analysis to provide a basis for the quality evaluation of the preparation. The contents of allantoin, L-proline, pyroglutamic acid, hordenine, adenosine, L-phenylalanine, guanosine, L-tryptophan, caffeic acid, calycosin-7-glucoside, verbascoside, isoacteoside, ononin, calycosin, 3-hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxyptercarpan, formononetin, atractylenolide III, atractylenolide II and astragaloside A were analyzed by cluster heat map, principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) using Hiplot platform and MarkerlynxXS software to comprehensively evaluate the quality difference of different batches of Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid. The 19 chemical compounds showed good linearity in their respective concentration ranges (r ≥ 0.999). The RSD of precision, repeatability and stability (24 h) tests were all less than 1.94%. The average recovery was 97.24%-102.75% (RSD < 2.74%, n = 6). The 10 batches of samples were divided into two categories by cluster heat map and PCA analysis. 3-Hydroxy-9,10-dimethoxyptercarpan, atractylenolide III, calycosin, atractylenolide II, formononetin, allantoin and caffeic acid were identified as differential markers by PLS-DA. The established multi component quantitative method of Qilong Zhuang'er oral liquid combined with chemometric analysis can provide reference for the quality evaluation of the preparation.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 118-128, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906464

ABSTRACT

Objective:Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with quadrupole/electrostatic field orbital trap high resolution mass spectrometry (UHPLC-Q Exactive Focus MS/MS) was developed to rapidly analyze and identify the chemical components in the rhizomes of <italic>Bergenia scopulosa</italic>. Method:The 75% methanol extract of <italic>B</italic>.<italic> scopulosa</italic> rhizomes was analyzed on a Thermo Accucore aQ RP18 column (2.1 mm×150 mm, 2.6 μm) with the mobile phase of methanol (A) and 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution (B) for gradient elution (0-40 min 5%-95%A, 40-45 min 95%A), the flow rate was 0.3 mL·min<sup>-1</sup> and the column temperature was at 30 ℃. The information of the chemical constituents was acquired in positive and negative ion modes by heated electrospray ion source (HESI), and the scanning range was <italic>m</italic>/<italic>z</italic> 80-1 200. Result:A total of 66 chemical constituents were identified, including 2 free amino acids, 7 bergenin derivatives, 15 flavonoids, 15 organic acids, 25 glycosides, and 2 others. Conclusion:The chemical constituents in the rhizomes of <italic>B</italic>.<italic> scopulosa</italic> can be identified systematically, accurately and rapidly by this method. Among them, 8 compounds were unambiguously identified by comparing with reference substances (succinic acid, arbutin, gallic acid, protocatechuic acid, bengenin, catechin, chlorogenic acid and caffeic acid), 51 compounds were found from <italic>B</italic>.<italic> scopulosa</italic> for the first time and 28 compounds were found from the genus <italic>Bergenia</italic> for the first time. This paper can provide an important basis for the further material basis clarification and quality assessment of <italic>B</italic>.<italic> scopulosa</italic>.

4.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 604-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821836

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveLupus mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) can lead to extensive necrosis of the small intestine, and it is easy to be misdiagnosed and missed in the early stage of the disease. This study aims to evaluate the clinical significance of serum D-dimer level in the early diagnosis of LMV.MethodsRetrospective analysis was performed on 38 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) admitted to Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2006 to January 2019. There were 15 LMV patients (LMV Group) and 23 non-LMV patients (Non-LMV Group). The main observation indicators of statistical analysis were serum D-dimer level on the first day of treatment in the two groups, while the secondary indicators included patient general condition, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), enhanced CT examination results, laboratory examination results and serum D-dimer level after treatment.ResultsThere was no significant difference in age, SLE duration and SLEDAI between the two groups (P>0.05). On admission, CT showed LMV patients with intestinal dilatation, mesenteric edema and typical target symptoms. After high-dose hormone therapy, the dilatation of intestinal canal and intestinal wall were significantly relieved, and the target signs on CT disappeared before discharge. The serum D-dimer level of patients in the LMV Group [917 (756,1848) μg/L] was significantly higher than that in the Non-LMV Group [570 (356,896) μg/L], and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.006). ROC curve analysis showed that the critical value of serum D-dimer in early diagnosis of LMV was 624 μg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 93% and 61%, respectively (AUC=0.77).ConclusionSerum D- dimer level can be used as an effective index for early diagnosis of LMV patients.

5.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 604-608, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-821816

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveLupus mesenteric vasculitis (LMV) can lead to extensive necrosis of the small intestine, and it is easy to be misdiagnosed and missed in the early stage of the disease. This study aims to evaluate the clinical significance of serum D-dimer level in the early diagnosis of LMV.MethodsRetrospective analysis was performed on 38 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) admitted to Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital from January 2006 to January 2019. There were 15 LMV patients (LMV Group) and 23 non-LMV patients (Non-LMV Group). The main observation indicators of statistical analysis were serum D-dimer level on the first day of treatment in the two groups, while the secondary indicators included patient general condition, SLE disease activity index (SLEDAI), enhanced CT examination results, laboratory examination results and serum D-dimer level after treatment.ResultsThere was no significant difference in age, SLE duration and SLEDAI between the two groups (P>0.05). On admission, CT showed LMV patients with intestinal dilatation, mesenteric edema and typical target symptoms. After high-dose hormone therapy, the dilatation of intestinal canal and intestinal wall were significantly relieved, and the target signs on CT disappeared before discharge. The serum D-dimer level of patients in the LMV Group [917 (756,1848) μg/L] was significantly higher than that in the Non-LMV Group [570 (356,896) μg/L], and the difference was statistically significant (P=0.006). ROC curve analysis showed that the critical value of serum D-dimer in early diagnosis of LMV was 624 μg/L, and the sensitivity and specificity were 93% and 61%, respectively (AUC=0.77).ConclusionSerum D- dimer level can be used as an effective index for early diagnosis of LMV patients.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 124-132, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872899

ABSTRACT

Objective:To rapidly recognize and identify the chemical constituents in caulis of Erycibe schmidtii by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled with Q-Exactive Focus mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-Exactive Focus-MS/MS). Method:Taking 80% methanol extract of E. schmidtii caulis as the test solution, the chemical constituents in caulis of E. schmidtii were analyzed and identified. Thermo Accucure aQ C18 column (2.1 mm×150 mm, 2.6 μm) was used for chromatographic separation with the mobile phase of methanol (A)-0.1% formic acid solution (B) for gradient elution (0-12 min, 5%-25%A; 12-20 min, 25%-30%A; 20-28 min, 30%-38%A; 28-40 min, 38%-42%A). Positive and negative ion monitoring modes and heated electrospray ion source (HESI) were used for mass spectrographic analysis. The scanning range was m/z 80-1 200. Result:A total of 42 chemical constituents from caulis of E. schmidtii were identified, including 12 coumarins, 14 chlorogenic acids, 1 tropane alkaloid, 1 amide and 14 esterified glycosides. Conclusion:Chemical constituents in caulis of E. schmidtii can be quickly and fully identified by UPLC-Q-Exactive Focus-MS/MS. Among them, 11 compounds are unambiguously identified by comparing with reference standards, 31 compounds are reported for the first time in this herb, 2 compounds are reported for the first time in Erycibe plants. This paper can provide the important basis for study on pharmacodynamic material base and substitute development of E. schmidtii caulis.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 97-103, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801737

ABSTRACT

Objective:To develop a method to quantify nine constituents in different medicinal parts of Pimpinella thellungiana, in order to compare the content difference of the nine constituents, namely protocatechuic acid,gallic acid,neochlorogenic acid,chlorogenic acid,cryptochlorogenic acid,luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide,isochlorogenic acid A,apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide and isochlorogenic acid C. Method:The analysis was performed on an Agilent TC-C18 column (4.6 mm×250 mm,5 μm) with acetonitrile and mixed acid solution (0.1% phosphoric acid-0.1% glacial acetic acid) as mobile phase for gradient elution. The handover detection wavelengths were at 265 and 325 nm. The column temperature was 20℃, and the flow rate was 1.0 mL·min-1. The experiment data was analyzed using the software of Markerlynx XS. Result:The nine constituents of protocatechuic acid,gallic acid,neochlorogenic acid,chlorogenic acid,cryptochlorogenic acid, luteolin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide,isochlorogenic acid A,apigenin-7-O-β-D-glucuronide and isochlorogenic acid C had a good degree of separation and a good linearity in their respective linear ranges(r>0.999 8). The average recoveries ranged from 99.11% to 100.76%,and the RSD ranged from 0.9% to 2.0% 。The results showed that the contents of the nine constituents had significant differences in different medicinal parts of P. thellungiana. The average contents of the nine constituents were the highest in leaves,which was followed by stem,and the lowest was in root. Conclusion:The study could provide evidence for the quality control,clinical application,and scientific resources utilization of P. thellungiana.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 666-670, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-792521

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a real time PCR assay with a novel fluorescence quencher for identification of mutation of clarithromycin -resistance gene of Helicobacter pylori.Methods Two mutations of 23S rDNA gene in Helicobacter pylori,No.2142 and 2143,were chosen as targets for detection,and then the primers and the probe with a novel fluorescence quencher were designed.The genome DNA of Helicobacter pylori was extracted,and then detected by real time PCR reported here.Meanwhile,the specificity,reproducibility and sensitivity of the assay were evaluated.Finally,the real time PCR described here,the real time PCR based on TaqMan,and a sequencing assay were applied to detect 55 Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from clinical specimens,respectively.The results from three assays were compared with each other in order to further evaluate the applicability of this assay in clinic.Results It indicated that the mutation points related to clarithromycin -resistance,A2142G and A2143G,were identified by real time PCR with a novel fluorescence quencher rapidly and accurately.Moreover the coefficient of variation was less than 5%.The limit of detection was 100 copies/reaction.While this assay was applied directly to detect 55 Helicobacter pylori strains,the results were in accordance with those obtained from a TaqMan real time PCR and a sequencing assay,respectively.Conclusion The real time PCR described here was a simple,reliable and accurate approach and substituted for the TaqMan real time PCR for identification of two mutation points of clarithromycin -resistance,A2142G and A2143G in Helicobacter pylori.Thus,a novel tool for diagnosis of gene mutation was provided and the results might be regarded as a substantial evidence for clinical individual therapy.

9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2922-2926, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-258441

ABSTRACT

Neobavaisoflavone is one of flavonoids of traditional Chinese medicine Psoralea corylifolial. It has numerous biological properties such as antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, and anti-osteoporosis effects. This paper aimed to investigate the absorption mechanism of neobavaisoflavone in Caco-2 cell monolayer model. The analyte and osalmide were separated on Thermo Syncronis C18 column with methanol-0.1% formic acid solution (90∶10) as the mobile phase, at a flow rate of 0.2 mL•min⁻¹. The concentration of neobavaisoflavone was determined in eletrospray ionization(ESI) positive ion mode with osalmide as an the internal standard. The effects of time, concentration, P-gp inhibitor verapamil, MRP-2 inhibitor MK-571 and BCRP inhibitor Ko143 on the absorption of neobavaisoflavone were investigated. According to the results, neobavaisoflavone showed a good linearity within the concentration of 10-2 000 μg•L⁻¹, and the results of its specificity, matrix effect, extraction recovery, precision, accuracy and stability all met the requirements. In the Caco-2 cell monolayer model, the transport volume of neobavaisoflavone was correlated positively with the time and concentration. The ER values of 15, 30, 50 μmol•L⁻¹ neobavaisoflavone were 1.64, 1.94,0.99, respectively. As compared with the control group, all of verapamil hyduochloride, MK-571 and Ko143 could promote the transportation of neobavaisoflavone, and the effect was more obvious in verapamil hyduochloride and Ko143. The absorption of neobavaisoflavone may be mainly of active transport in Caco-2 cell monolayer model, and also involve passive transport. Excretion mechanism of intestinal transport protein may be also involved.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1119-1122, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-246140

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>An accurate and reliable analytical method for-simultaneous determination of six active components (scopolin, chlorogenic acid, scopoletin, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C) in plants of Erycibe was developed.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Scopolin, chlorogenic acid, scopoletin, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C in the samples were well separated in analytical HPLC by gradual elution with methanol-0.1% formic acid solution. The chromatographic condictions: Agilent Poroshell 120 EC-C18 column, flowing rate being 1 mL x min(-1), detecting wavelength at 345 nm.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>Good linearities of scopolin, chlorogenic acid, scopoletin, isochlorogenic acid A, isochlorogenic acid B and isochlorogenic acid C were in the range of 0.026 8-2.68, 0.027 0-2.70, 0.008 1-0.81, 0.018 8-1.88, 0.017 6-1.76, 0.019 6-1.96 μg, respectively (r > 0.999 6). The average recoveries of the six components were 98.1%, 98.7%, 100.8%, 100.4%, 99.7%, 101.1%; the relative standard deviations were 2.67%, 2.86%, 2.62%, 1.98%, 2.76%, 2.19%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The method is simple, feasible and reproducible and can be used for the quality control of plants of Erycibe.</p>


Subject(s)
China , Chlorogenic Acid , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Convolvulaceae , Chemistry , Coumarins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glucosides , Scopoletin
11.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 230-233, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269501

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical effect of proton pump inhibitor-based triple therapy combined with Saccharomyces boulardii in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection among children in terms of Hp eradication rate and incidence of adverse events.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A prospective randomised controlled study was conducted on 240 children with a confirmed diagnosis of Hp infection. These patients were randomized into triple therapy (n=120) and probiotics groups (n=120). The triple therapy group received amoxicillin [40 mg/(kg·d), Tid], clarithromycin [15 mg/(kg·d), Bid] and omeprazole [0.7-0.8 mg/(kg·d), Qd], while the probiotics group received Saccharomyces boulardii (250 mg, Bid) in addition to triple therapy. The course of treatment was 14 days in both groups. The adverse events in subjects were recorded by their parents during treatment. Hp eradiation was evaluated by (13)C breath test at 4 weeks after treatment, and the eradication rate and incidence of adverse events were compared between the two groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The Hp eradication rates were 75.8% (91/120) in the triple therapy group and 85% (102/120) in the probiotics group (P>0.05). Compared with the triple therapy group, the probiotics group had nonsignificantly lower incidence of nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain (P>0.05) and significantly lower incidence of stomatitis, constipation and diarrhea (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Triple therapy combined with Saccharomyces boulardii cannot significantly increase Hp eradication rate, but can significantly reduce the incidence of stomatitis, constipation, and diarrhea during treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Amoxicillin , Clarithromycin , Combined Modality Therapy , Drug Therapy, Combination , Helicobacter Infections , Therapeutics , Helicobacter pylori , Omeprazole , Probiotics , Prospective Studies , Saccharomyces
12.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 914-918, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-254169

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical characteristics of hospitalized infants with allergic proctocolitis, and to provide a scientific basis for early diagnosis and effective treatment of allergic proctocolitis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 96 infants with allergic proctocolitis between September 2011 and March 2013 were reviewed retrospectively. Descriptive analysis was performed to assess the clinical characteristics of allergic proctocolitis.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The most common clinical manifestation was diarrhea in the 96 infants. The electronic colonoscopy results indicated that 40% of the infants had multiple small nodules, 26% showed focal erythema and brittle mucous membranes, 25% showed multiple superficial erosion, and 9% showed ulcers with surface exudates. The affected areas included the sigmoid colon (87%), rectum (24%), descending colon (13%), and transverse colon ascending colon and ileocecal junction (8%). Histopathologic examination showed eosinophilic infiltration of mucosal layers, the condition of which was mild to moderate in 89% and severe and extremely severe in 12% of the infants. To treat the allergic proctocolitis, mothers and infants were suggested to avoid allergenic foods; 43% of them continued breastfeeding, 45% switched to highly hydrolyzed protein formula, and 13% were prescribed amino acid-based elemental formula. All infants were in complete remission at discharge.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As the clinical manifestations of allergic proctocolitis in infants lack specificity, the electronic colonoscopy and mucosal histopathologic examination are helpful for early and differential diagnosis. The best treatment is to avoid allergenic foods. Formula-feeding infants should be prescribed highly hydrolyzed protein formula or amino acid-based elemental formula.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Colonoscopy , Proctocolitis , Diagnosis , Pathology , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
13.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1039-1042, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-235202

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effect of ginsenoside Rg1 (G-Rg1) on the morphology of the hippocampal neurons of rats with electrical hippocampal injuries and evaluate its protective effects on the learning and memory function.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Forty female SD rats were randomly divided into G-Rg1 group, saline group, sham-operated group and G-Rg1+Sham operation group. Using the stereotactic apparatus, electrical hippocampal injury was induced, not in the two sham groups, by application of direct electrical current, followed by treatments with intragastric administration of G-Rg1 or saline for 14 consecutive days. The learning and memory function of the rats was assessed with Morris water maze test. The viability and arrangement of the hippocampal neurons and the number of Nissl bodies were observed after the treatments.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Treatment with G-Rg1 significantly improved the learning and memory function of rats with electrical hippocampal injury. The viability of the hippocampal neurons showed no significant changes in the two sham-operated groups (P>0.05), and the number of Nissl bodies was much lower in saline group than in the other groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>G-Rg1 can improve the learning and memory function of rats with electrical hippocampal injury, the mechanism of which is probably associated with its protective effect on the hippocampal neurons against electrical injury.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Ginsenosides , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Pathology , Maze Learning , Memory , Neurons , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
14.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 2059-2063, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-336021

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) method for rapid diagnosis of Vibrio cholerae.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Based on the ompW nucleic sequence of Vibrio cholerae, a pair of primers was designed for LAMP. The reaction conditions were optimized, and the specificity, sensitivity, and practicability of LAMP were tested using 47 bacterial strains and simulated contaminated sites.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The results of viable bacterium count showed that LAMP was capable of detecting Vibrio cholerae at a level as low as 1.6x10(2) cfu/ml. The minimal detectable concentration was 1.6+10(3) cfu/ml for simulated contaminated samples such as feces and seawater, and 1.6+10(4) cfu/ml for contaminated milk. All the 21 strains of Vibrio cholerae yielded positive results in LAMP, and the 26 strains of other bacteria all showed negative results, with a detection specificity of 100%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The established LAMP method has high specificity and sensitivity for detecting Vibrio cholerae and is applicable in field monitoring and epidemiological study of Vibrio cholerae.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Bacterial Proteins , Genetics , Cholera , Diagnosis , Microbiology , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Methods , Nucleic Acid Amplification Techniques , Methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Vibrio cholerae , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 666-668, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304621

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinical application and the safety of electronic gastroscopy in infants at ages of 0-3 months.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>An Olympus electronic gastroscope GIF 260 or GIF 230 was applied in 177 infants at ages of 0-3 months with upper gastrointestinal symptoms. An ECG Monitor II was used for monitoring heart rate, cardiac rhythm and pulse transcutaneous oxygen saturation in 65 infants during the whole process of gastroscopy. Some related treatments were performed under the electronic gastroscope, such as removal of foreign body, topical administration of antihemorrhagic drugs, reduction of volvulus of stomach and bougienage of oesophagus.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>All 177 infants were examined successfully and they all well tolerated. Forty-two cases demonstrated positive findings in 68 cases of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Ninety-two cases demonstrated positive findings in 104 cases of recurrent vomiting. Under the electronic gastroscope, removal of foreign body in the upper gastrointestinal tract was performed in 5 cases; topical administration of antihemorrhagic drugs or electrocoagulation for stopping bleeding in 22 cases; reduction of volvulus of stomach in 3 cases.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>As a safe and visual means for diagnosis of digestive tract diseases, the electronic gastroscopy may be recommended for wide application in infants at ages of 0-3 months.</p>


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Foreign Bodies , General Surgery , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Diagnosis , Gastroscopy , Heart Rate , Oxygen , Blood , Vomiting , Diagnosis
16.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 411-413, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297714

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the influential factors leading to postoperative delirium in elderly patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia(BPH).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>For 198 elderly postoperative BPH patients in our hospital, the clinical parameters including age, hypoxemia, postoperative pain, and sleep reduction were investigated, and the data were processed by chi2 test.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Of the total number of patients, 13 (6.5%) experienced postoperation delirium. Many factors were significantly correlated with the problem in these elderly BPH patients, such as advanced age (> or =70), postoperative pain and sleep reduction (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Advanced age, postoperative pain and sleep problem were important factors for delirium, and therefore postoperative analgesia and good sleep may help to prevent postoperative delirium.</p>


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Delirium , Postoperative Complications , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Hyperplasia , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Sleep
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1309-1313, 2007.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280442

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>There are few studies on the arterial compliance of noise exposure. The purpose of this study was to understand the relationship between hearing loss, blood pressure and arterial compliance of female workers who exposed to occupational noise in a textile mill.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The noise levels in the workplace were measured with a HS6288 sound level meter. Cumulated noise exposure (CNE) was calculated according to the noise intensity and the exposure period. Hearing ability and arterial compliance were measured in 618 noise exposed workers. The database was set up with EpiData and the statistical analysis was performed with SAS software 9.1.3.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The noise levels were 80.1dB (A) to 113.5dB (A), of which the levels at 92.5% of the noise monitoring sites were over the national standard. The incidence of high frequency hearing loss (HFHL) was 24.43% and language frequency hearing impairment (LFHI) was 0.81%. The incidence of hypertension was 7.93%. Both systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) in the high frequency hearing loss group were significantly higher than those in the normal hearing group (P < 0.05), while C(1) (large artery compliance) and C(2) (small artery compliance) were significantly lower (P < 0.05). The high frequency hearing threshold (HFHT) of the hypertension group was significantly higher than in the normal blood pressure group (P < 0.05), while C(1) and C(2) were significantly lower (P < 0.05). C(1) and C(2) had a negative correlation with HFHT, SBP, DBP, mean of arterial pressure (MAP), pulse pressure (PP) and pulse rate (PR) (P < 0.05). The multiple regression analyses showed that blood pressure and PR were the main influencing factors on C(1) and C(2). LFHT was an influence on C(2) and HFHT on C(1).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Textile mill noise pollution is very serious and has an obvious influence on worker's auditory function. The female workers with low artery compliance or with high blood pressure might be suffering from hearing loss; those with noise induced hearing loss might be suffering from hypertension if she is constantly exposed to loud industrial noise.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Arteries , Physiology , Blood Pressure , Compliance , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced , Noise, Occupational , Regression Analysis , Textiles
18.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 706-711, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-343540

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of sildenafil on nocturnal penile tumescence (NPT).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five patients with erectile dysfunction (ED), 28 cases of organic ED and 7 cases of psychogenic ED, were treated with sildenafil 100 mg before bedtime. The NPT of the patients was observed by using NEVA.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Erectile function significantly improved in the 28 cases of organic ED (P < 0.05), but not in the 7 cases of psychogenic ED (P > 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Sildenafil can improve NPT of organic ED patients without sexual stimulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Erectile Dysfunction , Drug Therapy , Penile Erection , Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors , Pharmacology , Piperazines , Pharmacology , Purines , Pharmacology , Sildenafil Citrate , Sulfones , Pharmacology
19.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 392-395, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813690

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the outcome of the kidney transplant recipients with different grades and stages of chronic hepatitis B virus after receiving renal transplantation for 3 years.@*METHODS@#Thirty nine cases of kidney transplant recipients with hepatitis B virus and 20 cases of kidney transplant recipients (control group) between August 2000 and February 2002 were studied. Before the transplantation, the patients were divided into 4 groups: the mild hepatitis group (Group A, n = 8), the middle hepatitis group (Group B, n = 6), the severe hepatitis group (Group C, n =5) according to pathological diagnosis by percutaneous liver biopsy, and the control group (Group D). During the 3 year follow-up, the serum creatinine, alanine aminotransferase, g-Glutamyl transferase (GGT), total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, prothrombin time, cyclosporine trough concentration, urinary protein excretion, the HBV markers, HBV-DNA, albumin (A), globulin (G), the hepatic fibrosis markers and Child-Pugh score were studied at intervals. All patients received ultrasound examination every year. Two patients received repeated liver biopsy at the end of the follow-up in the hepatitis groups.@*RESULTS@#The outcome of Group A and Group D was fine. In Group B, GGT level was significantly elevated (P < 0.05) sixth months after the operation, the Child-Pugh score of 2 patients were B, the liver pathohistological changes in another 2 patients were in severe stage in the endpoint. In Group C, GGT values had higher base-line (P <0.01) during the follow-up. Albumin were lower and globulin were higher than normal at the beginning of the 24th month. At the end of the follow-up, the Child-Pugh scores of all patients were B or C (B = 3, C = 2), 4 patients had end-stage cirrhosis, one died of hepatic cancer and the survival rate was 40% in Group C.@*CONCLUSION@#The outcome of the 3 groups is different. The pathohistological diagnosis by liver biopsy is important for patient selection receiving renal transplantation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B, Chronic , General Surgery , Kidney Failure, Chronic , General Surgery , Kidney Transplantation , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
20.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-675968

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)in treating renal calculi.Methods The data of 118 patients with renal calculi who had underg- one PCNL from July 2002 to August 2004 were retrospectively analyzed.There were 86 men and 32 women. The mean age was 39 years(range,7-68 years).Of the 118 cases,11 had pelvic calculi,16 had calyx cal- culi,35 had pelvocalyceal calculi,54 had staghorn calculi,and 2 had bilateral renal calculi.The mean stone size was 2.5 cm?1.5cm(ranged from 2.0 cm?1.0 cm to 4.5cm?4.0cm).Results Of the 118 ca- ses,112 underwent one-stage PCNL,and 6,two-stage PCNL.The procedure was performed by single tract in 114 cases,and by two tracts in 4 cases.Lithotomy was done by one session in 60 cases,by 2 sessions in 42 cases,and by 3 sessions in 16 cases.The total stone clearance rate was 81.4%.The mean operative time was 120 min,and mean hospital stay was 15 d.No blood transfusion was needed during operation,and only one patient experienced bleeding(about 500 ml)after 4 d postoperatively,and was cured by conservative treat- ment such as blood transfusion and anti-inflammation.No major complications were observed in other pa- tients.Conclusions PCNL has advantages of minimal trauma,less blood loss,fewer complications,and is safe and effective in treating renal calculi,especially for patients who will have the second procedure.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL