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1.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 612-615, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982105

ABSTRACT

With the advent of precision medicine, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is playing an increasingly important role in clinical oncology diagnosis and treatment with its advantages of high sensitivity, high accuracy, high efficiency and operability. NGS reveals the genetic characteristics of acute leukemia(AL) patients by screening for specific disease-causing genes to identify occult as well as complex genetic mutations in patients with AL, leading to early diagnosis and targeted drug therapy for AL patients, as well as to predict disease recurrence by detecting mnimal residual disease (MRD) and analyzing mutated genes to determine patient prognosis. NGS plays an increasingly important role in the diagnosis, treatment and prognosis assessment in AL, providing a direction for the pursuit of precision medicine. This paper reviews the research progress of NGS in AL.


Subject(s)
Humans , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Acute Disease , Mutation , Recurrence , Neoplasm, Residual/genetics
2.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 269-278, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Late 2019 witnessed the outbreak and widespread transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a new, highly contagious disease caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Consequently, considerable attention has been paid to the development of new diagnostic tools for the early detection of SARS-CoV-2.@*METHODS@#In this study, a new poly-N-isopropylacrylamide microgel-based electrochemical sensor was explored to detect the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S protein) in human saliva. The microgel was composed of a copolymer of N-isopropylacrylamide and acrylic acid, and gold nanoparticles were encapsulated within the microgel through facile and economical fabrication. The electrochemical performance of the sensor was evaluated through differential pulse voltammetry.@*RESULTS@#Under optimal experimental conditions, the linear range of the sensor was 10 -13-10 -9 mg/mL, whereas the detection limit was 9.55 fg/mL. Furthermore, the S protein was instilled in artificial saliva as the infected human saliva model, and the sensing platform showed satisfactory detection capability.@*CONCLUSION@#The sensing platform exhibited excellent specificity and sensitivity in detecting spike protein, indicating its potential application for the time-saving and inexpensive detection of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microgels , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , COVID-19/diagnosis , Gold , Metal Nanoparticles , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 84-90, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940521

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo study the effect-enhancing and toxicity-reducing activities of astragalus polysaccharide injection (APS) on U14 cervical cancer in model mice receiving X-ray treatment. MethodU14 mouse cervical cancer cells were cultured in vitro and injected into the right forelimb armpit of Kunming mice for constructing a subcutaneous tumor-bearing model of cervical cancer. The tumor-bearing mice were randomly divided into the model group, X-ray intervention(IR, 6 Gy) group, APS (10 mL·kg-1·d-1) group, and IR + APS group. Following the observation of the state, body mass, and food intake of mice in each group, the volume of the tumor was measured. The tumor cell cycle and apoptosis were determined by flow cytometry. The protein and mRNA expression levels of apoptosis-related proteins p53, B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax), and cleaved cysteine-dependent aspartate-directed protease-3 (Caspase-3) in tumor tissues were assayed by Western blot and real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). ResultThe comparison with the model group showed that mice in the IR group had poor mental status and reduced mobility. The IR group and IR + APS group exhibited reduced food intake and body mass since the 8th d (P<0.05, P<0.01) and narrowed tumor volume since the 9th d (P<0.01). In the IR group, the proportion of cells in the G1 phase was increased, while the proportion of those in the S phase was decreased (P<0.01). In the IR + APS group, the proportion of cells in the G1 phase rose, whereas the proportion of those in the G2 and S phases cells declined (P<0.05, P<0.01). The apoptotic rates in both the IR group and IR + APS group were elevated significantly (P<0.01). Compared with the model group, the IR group and IR + APS group displayed up-regulated cleaved Caspase-3 and Bax protein and mRNA expression in tumor tissues, but down-regulated Bcl-2 and p53 protein and mRNA expression (P<0.05, P<0.01). Compared with the IR group, the mice in the IR + APS group had better mobility and hair, normal body mass, and increased food intake (P<0.05). The tumor volume in the IR + APS group was reduced (P<0.05). The proportion of cells in the G2 phase was reduced, but the proportion of those in the S phase was raised (P<0.05). The apoptosis rate was increased (P<0.05). The apoptosis-related protein Bax protein expression in the tumor tissue was up-regulated, while the protein expression levels of Bcl-2 and p53 were down-regulated (P<0.05, P<0.01). ConclusionAPS maintains the life state of U14 cervical cancer model mice treated with X-ray and promotes tumor cell apoptosis, thus enhancing the efficiency and reducing toxicity.

4.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 453-458, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958281

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of duodenal papillary morphology on selective biliary cannulation (SBC).Methods:Data of 912 patients with biliopancreatic diseases treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) at the Department of Gastroenterology, Affiliated Hospital of Northwest Minzu University from January 2018 to January 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. Duodenal papillary morphology of patients was classified into 4 types by using Haraldsson's endoscopic classification. The success rate of SBC, the pre-incision rate, the difficult intubation rate and the incidence of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) of different papillary types were analyzed.Results:A total of 912 patients were enrolled in this study, and 86.95% (793/912) duodenal papilla conformed to one type of the classification, of which 77.18% (612/793) were regular type (type Ⅰ), 10.21% (81/793) small nipple type (type Ⅱ), 8.58% (68/793) protruding or drooping type (type Ⅲ), and 4.04% (32/793) wrinkled or ridged type (type Ⅳ). The success rates of SBC in four types of duodenal papilla were 98.86% (605/612), 90.12% (73/81), 88.24% (60/68) and 96.60% (28/32) respectively. The success rate of SBC of type Ⅰ was higher than those of type Ⅱ-Ⅳ (all P<0.008) and there was no significant difference between those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ ( P> 0.008). The pre-incision rate in the four types of duodenal papilla were 7.84% (48/612), 32.10% (26/81), 50.00% (34/68) and 25.00% (8/32) respectively. The pre-incision rate of type Ⅰ was lower than those of type Ⅱ-Ⅳ (all P<0.008), and there was no significant difference between those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ ( P>0.008). The difficult intubation rate in the four types of duodenal papilla were 12.42% (76/612), 39.51% (32/81), 58.82% (40/68) and 28.12% (9/32) respectively .The difficult intubation rate of type Ⅰ was lower than those of type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (both P<0.001), and that of type Ⅲ was higher than that of type Ⅳ ( P=0.004) . There was no significant difference between those of type Ⅰ and type Ⅳ or type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (both P>0.008). The incidences of PEP of the four types were 2.61% (16/612), 12.35% (10/81), 5.88% (4/68) and 6.25% (2/32) respectively. The incidences of PEP of type Ⅱ was higher than that of type Ⅰ ( P<0.001) , and there was no significant difference between those of type Ⅰ and type Ⅳ or type Ⅱ and type Ⅲ (both P>0.008). Conclusion:SBC is affected by duodenal papilla morphology, easiest for type Ⅰ and hard for type Ⅱ and Ⅲ. Attention should be paid to risk of PEP in SBC of type Ⅱ.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 206-218, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906100

ABSTRACT

In recent years, with the change in life style, social environment, and national childbearing policy, the proportion of high-risk pregnant women has increased significantly, triggering the spectrum of obstetric diseases to constantly change, which has brought new challenges to the diagnosis and treatment of obstetrics. Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has been proved effective in dealing with a variety of obstetric diseases, and various treatment methods are available, which can serve as alternative means for solving refractory obstetric diseases. However, most obstetric clinicians are currently less aware of the therapeutic effects of TCM, which has significantly hindered its participation in clinical treatment. Therefore, the China Association of Chinese Medicine (CACM) organized the outstanding young obstetricians of TCM and western medicine to discuss 15 obstetric diseases responding specifically to TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine, including hyperemesis gravidarum, threatened abortion, ectopic gestation, cough during pregnancy, pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome, maternal-fetal ABO incompatibility, postpartum hypogalactia, residual pregnancy tissue in uterine cavity, puerperal infection, pantalgia after childbirth, hematoma/undesirable healing after caesarean section, postpartum urinary retention, ileus after cesarean section, pelvic floor dysfunction, and postnatal depression. The suggestions for their treatment with TCM or integrated TCM and western medicine were also proposed, aiming to provide patients with effective and personalized treatments in clinical practice and improve the diagnosis and treatment effects of obstetric diseases, thus benefiting the public. At the same time, more obstetrical clinicians are expected to understand the therapeutic effects and advantages of TCM and draw on the strengths of both TCM and western, thereby promoting the establishment of an obstetric diagnosis and treatment system with Chinese characteristics.

6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1102-1106, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942124

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the surgical technique and clinical effect of less invasive intrame-dullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage in the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was performed in 46 cases of subtrochanteric fractures in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Among them, there were 14 males and 32 females, with an average age of (77.83±10.66) years (44-92 years); 17 cases on the left side and 29 cases on the right side. The causes of injury included crash from a height, traffic accident and accidental fall. According to Seinsheimer classification, there were 26 cases of type Ⅱ, 11 cases of type Ⅲ, 9 cases of type Ⅳ, and these cases were all closed injury. After admission, these patients underwent continuous tibial tuberosity bone traction to maintain the length and force line of the lower extremity, so as to reduce the difficulty of intraoperative fracture reduction. Anticoagulant therapy was given before operation to reduce perioperative thrombotic complications. All the patients were treated with less invasive intramedullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage. Operation time, blood loss during surgery, time of fracture healing were recorded, Harris and Sanders scoring system were used to assess hip function after operation at each follow-up time point.@*RESULTS@#All the included patients underwent surgery successfully. Average operative time and intraoperative blood loss of these patients were (131.09 ± 20.06) min and (191.96±111.03) mL, respectively. All the patients were followed up satisfactorily, with an average follow-up time of 28 months. The fractures received bone healing within 3-6 months, average hospital stay was (10.61±2.85) days. The Sanders score was excellent in 3 cases, good in 37 cases and common in 6 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 86.96%. The Harris score was excellent in 6 cases, good in 36 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 91.30%. There were no cases of wound infection, loss of reduction, nonunion of fracture or internal fixation failure. Hip pain symptoms were effectively relieved in most patients.@*CONCLUSION@#Less invasive intramedullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage can obtain good alignment and stability of fracture ends, which is an effective method for the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Bone Nails , Fracture Fixation, Intramedullary , Fracture Healing , Hip Fractures/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Titanium , Treatment Outcome
7.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 870-874, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of a modified arthroscopic outside-in suture technique in the treatment of meniscus tear using a spinal needle.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to October 2017, 95 patients treated with this method were followed-up. Among these cases, there were 36 males and 59 females. The age of the patients ranged from 16 to 77 years, (46.79±18.07) years in average. Among them, there were 28 patieats aged 16-35, 53 patients aged 36-65, and 14 patients aged over 65 years old. 28 cases were diagnosed with medial meniscus tear, 43 cases with lateral meniscus tear and 24 cases with both medial and lateral meniscus tear. Causes of the injury included sports, sprain, etc. According to Barrett standard, the clinical healing of meniscus tear was judged. Lysholm score, knee range of motion, visual simulation score (VAS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to evaluate the postoperative knee function and recovery of the patients.@*RESULTS@#The 95 patients were followed up for 22 to 36 months, with an average of (28.32±3.98) months. According to Barrett standard, 90 patients (94.7%) obtained meniscus clinical healing. Meniscal healing rates were 96.43%, 96.23% and 85.71% in the three age groups, respectively. The meniscal healing rate was lower in the elderly group, but there was no significant difference in statistical results (P=0.262). Five patients had deep tenderness in the joint space of the injured side, and the overstretch test was positive. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores, Lysholm scores and knee motion were compared in each group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.01). At the end of the last follow-up, there were no cases of knee joint effusion, swelling and interlocking, and the joint function was effectively improved in most patients. No surgical site infection, periarticular vascular/nerve injury or knotting reaction was found during the follow-up.@*CONCLUSION@#This modified arthroscopic outside-in suture technique using a spinal needle has the characteristics of simple operation, small trauma and rapid recovery, and the mid-term follow-up results were satisfactory. Therefore, we consider this method to be a safe and efficient method for the treatment of meniscus anterior horn and body tear.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Arthroscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Knee Injuries/surgery , Punctures , Suture Techniques , Tibial Meniscus Injuries/surgery
8.
Chinese Journal of Schistosomiasis Control ; (6): 79-80, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873753

ABSTRACT

Objective To understand the distribution of Oncomelania hupensis snails and changes of water levels in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal following the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project. Methods The Oncomelania snails were monitored in the river banks and water bodies of Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal by means of systematic sampling combined with environmental sampling as well as collection of the floaters from 2014 to 2019, and the water levels were collected in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal at the typical hydrological year before the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project and during the period between 2016 and 2019. Results A total area of 235.42 hm2 were investigated and a total of 75.8 kg floaters were collected in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal from 2014 to 2019; however, no snails were found. The water level in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal was predominantly high in the flood season and low in the dry season before the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, and the water level was elevated in the dry season and relatively low in the flood season after the operation of the project. Conclusion Following the operation of the eastern route project of the South-to-North Water Diversion Project, the original river bank that is characterized by “land in winter and water in summer” has changed in Gaoyou sections of the Li Canal, which is not favorable for snail breeding.

9.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(1): e202000105, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088523

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate whether heat shock protein 90 (HSP90) is involved in complement regulation in ischemic postconditioning (IPC). Methods The left coronary artery of rats underwent 30 min of occlusion, followed by 120 min of reperfusion and treatment with IPC via 3 cycles of 30s reperfusion and 30s occlusion. The rats were injected intraperitoneally with 1 mg/kg HSP90 inhibitor geldanamycin (GA) after anesthesia. Eighty rats were randomly divided into four groups: sham, ischemia-reperfusion (I/R), IPC and IPC + GA. Myocardial infarct size, apoptosis index and the expression of HSP90, C3, C5a, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha, interleukin (IL)-1β and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) were assessed. Results Compared with the I/R injury, the IPC treatment significantly reduced infarct size, release of troponin T, creatine kinase-MB, and lactate dehydrogenase, and cardiomyocyte apoptosis. These beneficial effects were accompanied by a decrease in TNF-α, IL-1β, C3, C5a and JNK expression levels. However, all these effects were abrogated by administration of the HSP90 inhibitor GA. Conclusion HSP90 exerts a profound effect on IPC cardioprotection, and may be linked to the inhibition of the complement system and JNK, ultimately attenuating I/R-induced myocardial injury and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Complement System Proteins/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , HSP90 Heat-Shock Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Lactams, Macrocyclic/pharmacology , JNK Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Myocardial Infarction/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Random Allocation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Inflammation Mediators , Creatine Kinase, MB Form/metabolism , Ischemic Postconditioning/methods
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 273-276, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941805

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the association between rotator cuff tear and the proximal migration of humeral head.@*METHODS@#In this research, we retrospectively selected 30 patients with unilateral rotator cuff tear in Peking University People's Hospital from September 2015 to May 2016, who received magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and X-ray of the painful shoulder before enrollment in this study, the duration between the two examinations was no longer than 1 week, and also there was no past history of surgery in the selected shoulders. There was no other exclusion criteria. Upward migration index (UMI) was the ratio between the distance of humeral head center to the lower surface of acromion, and the radius of humeral head circle, which could help to minimize the effect of anatomy difference and imaging magnification, compared with the traditional acromiohumeral distance (AHD). Then we introduced this index to stratify the selected 30 patients into 3 groups, and each group contained 10 patients, UMI of group 1 was >1 and ≤1.2, UMI of group 2 was >1.2 and ≤1.4, UMI of group 3 was >1.4. As the supraspinatus was most commonly affected by pathological change among the four rotator cuff tendons, we took it as the research object. Then we used the Spearman correlation analysis to evaluate the relationship between UMI and fatty degeneration, rotator cuff tear size and the thickness of ruptured supraspinatus tendon from X-ray and MRI.@*RESULTS@#In the A-P view, the average UMI was 1.33 (1.02-1.51, SD: ±0.22). UMI and the tear size had a significant negative correlation (R=-0.584, P<0.01), and also there was a negative correlation between the fatty degeneration of the supraspinatus (R=-0.312, P=0.033). However, there was no correlation between UMI and the thickness of ruptured supraspinatus (R=0.127, P=0.071).@*CONCLUSION@#UMI is related with the fatty degeneration of supraspinatus and the tear size. The reduction of UMI is a predictable and reliable mark of rotator cuff tear and degeneration in clinic. Physicians can use physical examination and X-ray first when facing the patients with shoulder pain, which is convenient and helpful for evaluating rotator cuff tears.


Subject(s)
Humans , Humeral Head , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Rotator Cuff Injuries , Shoulder Joint
11.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 913-917, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776242

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of ultrasound-guided acupoint electrical stimulation on the patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction associated with mechanical ventilation in ICU.@*METHODS@#Fifty-two patients were randomly divided into an observation group (26 cases, 3 cases dropping) and a control group (26 cases). Conventional treatment was given to all patients. On the basis of conventional treatment, acupoint electrical stimulation therapy was applied at Zhangmen (LR 3), Dabao (SP 21), Pishu (BL 20), Shenshu (BL 23), etc. In the observation group, the treatment was given for 30 min each time, 3 times a day for 7 days. Diaphragm thickening fraction (TFdi) was used as an index to guide the individualized setting of stimulation intensity and judge the effect, and the difference of mechanical ventilation time, ICU time, total hospitalization time, hospital mortality and reintubation rate between the two groups were observed.@*RESULTS@#The mechanical ventilation time in the observation group was shorter than that in the control group (0.05). During hospitalization, 2 patients died in the observation group and 3 patients died in the control group, there was no significant difference in hospital mortality (>0.05). One patient in the observation group was reintubated and 8 patients in the control group (<0.05). The use of acupoint electrical stimulation was a factor in shortening the mechanical ventilation time and reducing the reintubation events (<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Ultrasound-guided acupoint electrical stimulation can relieve ventilator-induced diaphragmatic dysfunction, reduce ventilator support time and reintubation events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acupuncture Points , Diaphragm , Electric Stimulation , Electric Stimulation Therapy , Respiration, Artificial
12.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): e026-e026, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775924

ABSTRACT

The article "Discussion on quantum entanglement theory and acupuncture" (doi: 10.13703/j.0255-2930.2017.11.026, published in Zhongguo Zhen Jiu 2017,37(11):1233-1237) has some defects, and the author of the article proposes to withdraw the manuscript. According to the retraction provisions of our journal, it is considered that the author's application complies with the relevant provisions and our journal agrees to withdraw the draft.

13.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1424-1426, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-731249

ABSTRACT

@#Incidence rate of diabetes mellitus(DM)rises up obviously around the world. This disease can cause diabetic retinopathy, diabetic keratopathy, cataract, glaucoma, refractive changes, iridociliary disorder, dry eyes and other ophthalmic complications, which severely affect vision and even result in blindness. In recent years, with improvement of life quality, it is gradually frequent for diabetics to see ophthalmologist on account of sore eyes. This phenomenon has attracted attention of oculists, which is related to abnormal factors such as abnormal tear quality and quantity under diabetes condition, poor stability of tear film, rising of tear osmotic pressure, inflammatory response, cornea neurodegeneration, apoptosis, functional lesion of tarsus related to sex hormone. As over 90% of diabetics are diagnosed as type 2 diabetes mellitus(T2DM), this paper will summarize pathogenesis of dry eyes related to T2DM and offer theoretical foundation to clinical diagnosis and treatment.

14.
Parenteral & Enteral Nutrition ; (6): 156-160, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-692131

ABSTRACT

Objective: To observe the efficacy of preoperative prehabilitation on nutritional status and body composition of patients with esophageal cancer after operation. Methods: A total of 100 patients with esophageal cancer were randomly divided into the study group A and the control group B. The study group received prehabilitation from the day they adimitted to hospital and the control group received common preoperative preparation. The preoperative baseline data and postoperative indicators including levels of serum albumin, prealbumin, transferrin were recorded the day admitted to hospital and the 1, 3, 7, 30th day after surgery. Record the prognosis of the patients (albumin supplementation, incidence of postoperative complications, ICU monitoring time, total cost of hospitalization). And the body composition was examined on the day admitted to hospital and the 7, 30th day after surgery with BIA. Results: The level of serum albumin, prealbumin, transferrin and body composition were no statistically significant difference between the study group and the control group. Compared with the control group, the level of prealbumin were significantly higher in the study group on the 1, 3, 7, 30th day after surgery. The level of serum albumin, transferrin were also significantly higher in study group on the 3, 7, 30th day after surgery. The body composition was no significant difference between the two groups on the 7th day postoperatively. However, the loss of body composition such as skeletal muscle, body water, intracellular water, protein level and body cell volume were less in the study group compared with the control group on the 30th day after surgery. The incidence of postoperative complications in the prehabilitation group, ICU monitoring time, and hospitalization costs were significantly less than those in the control group. Conclusion: Prehabilitation intervention can obviously improve the nutritional status and the prognosis of the patients with esophageal cancer, and reduce the loss degree of their body composition.

15.
Chinese Journal of Zoonoses ; (12): 1066-1070, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-703044

ABSTRACT

We investigated the endemic situation of alveolar echinococcosis (AE) in Nileke County,Yili Prefecture,Xinjiang and its genetic diversity of Echinococcus multilocularis.Human AE cases in the county were retrospectively investigated including their location and surrounding ecological conditions.Sequence detection and analysis of nad2,cob gene fragments of AE mtDNA from patients was used to identify genotype variation.Results showed that a total of 48 AE cases were diagnosed and the first AE patient was identified in 1989 in the county.The 45.8% of AE cases were found in the recent 5 years (2011-2015) and annual prevalence was 1.7 per 100 000.The patients were distributed along the Kashgar River,particularly intensive in Wulasitai Township.The 38.6% of the patients were aged arranged 35-44 years old,64.6% were male and 95.8% were farmers and herdsmen.AE cases were confirmed further and there was only one haplotype by sequencing analysis from 11 AE clinical patients in the county.It suggests that Nileke County is AE foci,and alveolar echinococcosis with sequences conserved is an emerging disease in the county.

16.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 834-838, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-611717

ABSTRACT

Objective The role of long non-coding RNA Linc00467 in human lung adenocarcinoma is not yet clear.This study was to investigate the expression of long non-coding RNA Linc00467 in human lung adenocarcinoma, its clinical significance, and the effects of Linc00467 on the functions of the tumor and endothelial cells in vitro.Methods Lung adenocarcinoma tissue and normal tissue surrounding the malignance were obtained from 60 patients with pathologically proved stage I-Ⅲa lung adenocarcinoma.Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were transfected with the over-expressed plasmid pccl-Linc00467 (HUVEC experimental group) or the empty vector pccl (HUVEC control group), A549 cells with Linc00467-siRNA (A549 experimental group) or negative siRNA (A549 control group), and H1299 cells, too, with Linc00467-siRNA (H1299 experimental group) or negative siRNA (H1299 control group).The expression level of Linc00467 in the lung adenocarcinoma tissue was detected by qRT-PCR with an analysis of its correlation with the clinicopathological characteristics of the patients;the influence of Linc00467 on the proliferation of the A549, H1299 and HUVEC cells was assayed with CCK-8;and the role of Linc00467 in the angiogenesis of the HUVECs was assessed by fibrin bead sprouting assay.Results The expression of Linc00467 in the lung adenocarcinoma tissue was 2.72±1.31 times as high as that in the normal lung tissue (P<0.01), and those in the A549 and H1299 cells were 3.45±0.25 and 3.22±0.33 times as high as those in the human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells (P<0.01).The expression level of Linc00467 was significantly correlated with the tumor size and vascular invasion (P<0.05).After transfection of Linc00467-siRNA, the expressions of Linc00467 in the A549 and H1299 experimental groups were down-regulated by 72% and 68% as compared with those in the A549 and H1299 control groups (P<0.01).The number of living cells was remarkably decreased in the A549 experimental group in comparison with the A549 control at 48 h (1.29±0.07 vs 1.51±0.09), 72 h (1.53±0.15 vs 2.13±0.11), and 96 h after culturing (1.98±0.18 vs 3.02±0.12), and so was it in the H1299 experimental versus the H1299 control group, but markedly increased in the HUVEC experimental versus the HUVEC control group (P<0.05).At 5 days, HUVEC experimental group, as compared with the HUVEC control, showed a significantly increased number of newly formed vascular branches (7.36 vs 4.25/superbead, P<0.01) and relative length of the blood vessels (3.12 vs 1, P<0.01).Conclusion Linc00467 promotes tumor cell proliferation and angiogenesis and is highly expressed in the lung adenocarcinoma tissue, which is correlated with the tumor size and vascular invasion and suggests that Linc00467 could be a potential biomarker and therapeutic target.

17.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 847-850, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668796

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the early clinical treatment and prognosis of multi-segment intramedullary cervical ependymoma.Methods:Twenty patients with multi-segment (more than 3 segments) intramedullary spinal ependymoma (McCormic grade Ⅰ) were microsurgically treated with assistance of intraoperative neuroelectrophysiological monitoring.None of them received postoperative radiotherapy.Preoperatively all the patients underwent MRI examination and their neurologically function was assessed by McCormic classification method.They were followed up for an average of 2.7 years (The follow-up ranged from 3 months to 4 years).All the patients underwent review of the MRI examination and their postoperative neurological function was assessed by McCormic classification method again.Evaluation was accomplished according to the results of the follow-up.Results:All tumors were intramedullary.The length of the tumor body varied from 3 to 8 vertebral segments with an average of 4.2 vertebral segments.Gross total removal was achieved in all the 20 patients through one-stage operation.The pathology of these patients was ependymoma (WHO grades Ⅰ to Ⅱ).Two cases were lost during the follow-up due to the change of contact,but the hospital records of them showed that they recovered well at discharge.Eighteen cases were followed up constantly after operation.A case which ran through the whole cervical spinal cord had short-term mild motor dysfunction after operation,which manifested as weakness of the left side muscle strength to grade Ⅳ (which recovered to grade Ⅴ during the follow-up period).Results of the follow-up showed that these 18 patients recovered well.Preoperative symptoms,such as limb numbness and painness were significantly alleviated.There was no obvious motor dysfunction.The bowel and bladder function of these 18 patients were almost normal.The McCormic scores of these 18 patients remained in grade Ⅰ.No recurrence was found on review of the MRI examination.The main complications were a certain degree of deep sensory disturbance of lower extremities.The operation did not significantly affect the patient's life and work.Conclusion:Aggressive surgical therapy is a good treatment strategy for early multi-segment intramedullary cervical ependymoma.There is nearly no recurrence after operation and no postoperative radiotherapy is needed after gross total removal of tumors.

18.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1638-1641, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667925

ABSTRACT

The occurrence and progression of hepatic fibrosis are regulated by multicytokines and multiple molecular signal trans-duction pathways in cells. Currently,the molecular signaling pathway is the target for drugs to treat diseases. The study of the active ingredients of Chinese medicine to interfere with the sig-naling pathways of liver fibrosis is a hot topic. In the past ten years,it has been reported that hydroxysafflor yellow A,total flavonoids from litchi seed,ursolic acid,curcumin can interfere the signaling pathway of p38MAPK,TGF-β/ Smad,Wnt,Ras/ERK and Hedgehog liver fibrosis. The research on the active in-gredients of Chinese traditional medicine,which is targeted at signaling pathways,is expected to open new areas for Chinese and western medicine in the treatment of liver fibrosis.

19.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1297-2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779311

ABSTRACT

We developed a new method for chiral separation of fourteen amino alcohols by nonaqueous capillary electrophoresis (NACE) with the D-(+)-gluconic acid δ-lactone-boric acid complex as chiral selector. In order to achieve good enantioseparation, the effects of D-(+)-gluconic acid δ-lactone and boric acid concentrations, triethylamine concentration, as well as capillary temperature were systematically investigated. The optimized conditions were identified as follows:an uncoated fused silica capillary of 50 μm ID with a total length (Ltot) of 55 cm and an effective length (Leff) of 45 cm; 200 mmol·L-1 D-(+)-gluconic acid δ-lactone, 80 mmol·L-1 boric acid, and 57.4 mmol·L-1 triethylamine in methanol; positive pressure injection at 2.9 psi for 2 s; capillary temperature, 25 ±0.2℃; applied voltage, +15 kV; detection wavelength, 214 nm. Under the optimized conditions, a good chiral resolution was achieved in most of the tested drugs. This method provides a foundation for the development and application of new chiral selectors of polyhydroxy compound-boric acid complexes in chiral drugs analysis by NACE.

20.
Chinese Journal of Radiation Oncology ; (6): 646-651, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-496887

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate DNA double-strand breaks and radiosensitization in renal carcinoma 786-O cells induced by fludarabine (FA) combined with different ionizing radiations.Methods The 786-O cells were exposed to FA combined with X-ray or heavy ion beam irradiation.Flow cytometry was used to evaluate the percentage of γH2AX-positive cells and cell cycle.The neutral comet assay was used to detect DNA double-strand breaks.The colony-forming assay was used to evaluate the effects of different treatments on cell survival.Comparison between groups was made by one-way analysis of variance or Dunnet' s t test.Results Compared with FA alone or irradiation alone,FA combined with different ionizing radiations increased DNA double-strand breaks as shown by significantly increased levels of γH2AX (P=0.007,0.001);FA combined with heavy ion beam irradiation lead to a cell cycle block at the radiosensitive G2/M phase and significantly increased the expression of γH2AX in the G2/M phase (P=0.000,0.000);the neutral comet assay revealed that FA combined with irradiation significantly increased DNA sublethal damage (P=0.020,0.060);FA significantly reduced the colony-forming rate after irradiation (P=0.000,0.030;0.001,0.040).Conclusions FA enhances the effects induced by X-ray and heavy ion beam irradiation with different properties.Particularly,FA substantially enhances the cell death induced by heavy ion beam irradiation.

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