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1.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 90-102, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010647

ABSTRACT

Retrograde adeno-associated viruses (AAVs) are capable of infecting the axons of projection neurons and serve as a powerful tool for the anatomical and functional characterization of neural networks. However, few retrograde AAV capsids have been shown to offer access to cortical projection neurons across different species and enable the manipulation of neural function in non-human primates (NHPs). Here, we report the development of a novel retrograde AAV capsid, AAV-DJ8R, which efficiently labeled cortical projection neurons after local administration into the striatum of mice and macaques. In addition, intrastriatally injected AAV-DJ8R mediated opsin expression in the mouse motor cortex and induced robust behavioral alterations. Moreover, AAV-DJ8R markedly increased motor cortical neuron firing upon optogenetic light stimulation after viral delivery into the macaque putamen. These data demonstrate the usefulness of AAV-DJ8R as an efficient retrograde tracer for cortical projection neurons in rodents and NHPs and indicate its suitability for use in conducting functional interrogations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Haplorhini , Axons , Motor Neurons , Interneurons , Macaca , Dependovirus/genetics , Genetic Vectors
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatobiliary Surgery ; (12): 913-917, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the clinical effect of different application times of antibiotics in patients with hypertriglyceridemic severe acute pancreatitis(HTG-SAP).Methods:The clinical data of 92 patients with HTG-SAP who were treated at the Department of Critical Care Medicine of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from January 2016 to February 2022 were analyzed retrospectively. There were 65 males and 27 females, aged (40.82±10.55) years old. These patients were divided into three groups based on the time of prophylactic use of antibiotics: the early prevention group (used within 72 h after admission, n=39), the delayed prevention group (used after 72 h after admission, n=30) and the nonprevention group ( n=23). The clinical data such as the general data, length of stay and all cause mortality rate of the three groups of patients were analyzed. Results:Compared with patients in the nonprevention group, the incidence rate of pancreatic/peripancreatic infection [10.0%(3/30) vs. 39.1%(9/23)] and the incidence rate of bloodstream infection [6.7%(2/30) vs. 34.8%(8/23)] in the delayed prevention group were significantly decreased (pancreas/peripancreatic infection: χ 2=6.31, P=0.012; bloodstream infection: χ 2=6.72, P=0.010). The infection rate of multiple/pan resistant bacteria in the early prevention group [23.1%(9/39)] was significantly higher than the nonprevention group [4.3%(1/23)] (χ 2=4.49, P=0.034). There were no significant differences in the all cause mortality rate, length of stay, duration of intensive care, hospitalization cost, incidence of intestinal fistula and retroperitoneal hemorrhage, and the proportion of patients requiring surgery among the 3 groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions:Pophylactic use of antibiotics within 72 h of hospital admission significantly reduced the incidence of pancreatic/peripancreatic infection and bloodstream infection in patients with HTG-SAP. There were no significant differences in the final prognosis among these patients with HTG-SAP treated with antibiotics at different times.

3.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 809-816, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954508

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical effect of early bronchoalveolar lavage on patients with aspiration pneumonia.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted on 55 patients with aspiration pneumonia who met inclusion criteria but not exclusion criteria in the Intensive Care Department of our hospital from January 2020 to April 2021. The patients were divided into the control group (32 cases) and the bronchoscopic lavage group (23 cases) according to whether they received bronchoscopic lavage within 24 h after aspiration. Basic information (sex, age, body mass index, chest X-ray score, oxidation index, temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, white blood cells, PCT, IL-6, CPR and APACHE Ⅱ score), etiology changes at the early stage (≤ 3 d) and later stage (4-7 d after admission), and changes in prognostic indexes (mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay, length of stay and mortality) were compared between the two groups. The clinical efficacy of early endoscopy lavage for aspiration pneumonia was evaluated.Results:The positive rate of early etiological culture was 85.2%, the bacterial positive rate was 72.9% and the fungal positive rate was 14.6%. Pseudomonas aeruginosa accounted for 20.8%, Klebsiella pneumoniae accounted for 14.6%, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus accounted for 12.5%, and there was no significant difference in the distribution between the bronchoscopic lavage group and the control group (all P>0.05). The positive rate of late etiological culture was 88.6%, the bacterial positive rate was 85.7% and the fungal positive rate was 2.9%. The positive rate of late bacterial culture was significantly decreased in the bronchoscopic lavage group ( P < 0.05), and the other results were not significantly different from the control group (all P>0.05). After early bronchoscopic lavage, the duration of mechanical ventilation, length of ICU stay and length of stay were significantly shortened, and the fifth day CPIS score was significantly decreased (all P< 0.05). Conclusions:Early endotracheal lavage can reduce mechanical ventilation time, length of ICU stay and length of stay of aspiration pneumonia, and reduce the positive rate of bacterial culture in the lung at the later stage, which needs to be further verified by a large randomized controlled study.

4.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 276-280, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934671

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the efficacy and prognostic factors of intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) in elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer.Methods:The clinical data of 87 elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer who received IMRT and 79 elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer who received three-dimensional conformal radiotherapy (3DCRT) from January 2005 to December 2015 in Changzhou Cancer Hospital Affiliated to Soochow University were retrospectively analyzed, and their efficacy and adverse reactions were observed. The log-rank test and Cox proportional hazards model were used for univariate and multivariate analyses to analyze the prognostic factors of patients receiving IMRT.Results:In the IMRT group, 27 cases (31.0%) achieved complete remission, and 60 cases (69.0%) achieved partial remission; in the 3DCRT group, 18 cases (22.8%) achieved complete remission, and 61 cases (77.2%) achieved partial remission. There was no statistical difference in the short-term efficacy (CR+PR) between the two groups ( χ2 = 1.43, P = 0.232). The 1-, 3-, and 5-year overall survival rates in the IMRT group were 77.0%, 46.0% and 23.0%, respectively, and the 3DCRT group were 70.1%, 40.5% and 10.1%, respectively. There was a statistical difference in the overall survival between the two groups ( χ2 = 4.89, P = 0.027). For elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer who received IMRT, univariate analysis showed that gender, lesion location, T stage, gross tumor volume, and short-term efficacy were prognostic factors (all P < 0.05); multivariate analysis showed that lesion location, T stage, gross tumor volume, and short-term efficacy were independent prognostic factors (all P < 0.05). In the IMRT group, the incidence rate of ≥ grade 2 radiation pneumonitis was 10.3% (9/87), the incidence rate of ≥ grade 2 radiation esophagitis was 32.2% (28/87), the incidence rate of leukopenia was 18.4% (16/87), and the incidence rate of hemoglobin reduction was 7.0% (6/87), and there was no statistical difference in the incidence of acute adverse reactions between the IMRT group and the 3DCRT group (all P > 0.05). Conclusions:IMRT has more advantages than 3DCRT in the treatment of elderly patients with locally advanced esophageal cancer, especially those with upper cervical and thoracic lesion, T 1-3 stage, gross tumor volume ≤40 cm 3, and complete remission in a short term can benefit from it, and the adverse reactions are mild.

5.
Chinese Journal of General Surgery ; (12): 118-121, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933617

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the predictive value of intra-abdominal pressure (IAP) combined with bedside index for severity in acute pancreatitis (BISAP) score on the severity and prognosis of acute pancreatitis (AP).Methods:In this retrospective study, 204 AP patients admitted to the Department of ICU, Second Hospital of Anhui University from Jan 2015 to Dec 2020 were divided based on the severity: into SAP group (145 cases) and Non-SAP group (59 cases) with end point survival (177 cases) and death (27 cases). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn, and the predictive value of IAP, BISAP score and I-B (IAP and BISAP scores) in the severity and the prognosis of AP was studied. Medcalc software was used to compare the areas under ROC curve for different predictors.Results:IAP and BISAP scores increased with the severity of AP ( P<0.001), the area under the ROC curve (AUC) was 0.791, 0.749 and 0.907 respectively,comparison of area under ROC curve showed that I-B combined assessment was superior to IAP value and BISAP score alone in predicting severity ( P<0.05). IAP and BISAP scores were higher in the death group than in the survival group ( P<0.001). The ROC curve results of IAP, BISAP score and I-B combined on the prognosis of AP showed that the AUC was 0.773, 0.841 and 0.950, respectively,comparison of area under ROC curve showed that I-B combined assessment was superior to IAP and BISAP score alone in predicting prognostic value ( P<0.05). Conclusion:Both IAP and BISAP scores can better predict the severity of and the prognosis of AP, and the combination of IAP and BISAP score is more valuable for prediction of prognosis in AP.

6.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 172-177, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931844

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the predictors of outcomes for different subtypes of liver failure, and the effectiveness of artificial liver support systems in the treatment of liver failure.Methods:The clinical data of 112 patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)- and non-HBV-related liver failure admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of the Fifth People's Hospital of Wuxi were collected from January to December 2020. The relevant etiologies of acute, subacute, acute-on-chronic, subacute-on-chronic, chronic subtype liver failure were analyzed. The efficacies of artificial liver support systems in the treatment of various subtypes of liver failure were also compared. The correlation of various indicators was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis, the risk factors affecting the prognosis of patients with liver failure were analyzed by multivariate Logistic regression equation, and receiver operator characteristic curve (ROC curve) of subjects was plotted to evaluate the predictive value of each risk factor for the prognosis of patients with liver failure.Results:Among the 112 liver failure patients, 63 were caused by hepatitis B and 49 were caused by non-hepatitis B. The liver failure caused by hepatitis B was 6 times higher than for men than for women, which was higher than that of non-HBV liver failure group (1.33 times). Antithrombin Ⅲ (AT Ⅲ) and total bilirubin (TBil) levels of subacute liver failure were higher than those of pre-liver failure in the HBV liver failure group [AT Ⅲ: (59.33±14.57)% vs. (35.66±20.72)%, TBil (μmol/L): 399.21±112.94 vs. 206.08±126.96, both P < 0.05]. The levels of AT Ⅲ in patients with pre-liver failure and chronic liver failure in the non-HBV liver failure group were significantly higher than those with acute liver failure [(58.33±15.28%), (44.00±19.10)% vs. (31.33±7.57)%, both P < 0.05], patients with acute liver failure had significantly lower level of TBil than pre-liver failure (μmol/L: 107.83±49.73 vs. 286.20±128.92, P < 0.05), the TBil levels in patients with subacute and acute-on-chronic liver failure were also significantly higher than that in pre-liver failure group (μmol/L: 417.27±118.60, 373.00±187.00 vs. 286.20±128.92, both P < 0.05). Patients with subacute liver failure, subacute-on-chronic liver failure and chronic liver failure in the non-HBV failure group were significantly longer than those in acute liver failure (days: 36.00±8.31, 27.52±11.71, 27.72±22.71 vs. 11.00±1.41, all P < 0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the case fatality rate of using the artificial liver support system between the HBV failure group and the non-HBV failure group (55.6% vs. 50.0%, P < 0.05), the levels of AT Ⅲ in the two groups of surviving patients were significantly higher than that of the dead [HBV liver failure group: (36.20±6.26)% vs. (27.33±8.87)%, non-HBV liver failure group: (41.06±4.16)% vs. (28.71±12.35)%, both P < 0.01]. Correlation analysis showed that there was a clear positive correlation between AT Ⅲ and TBil in the dead patients of HBV liver failure group and the survival and death patients of non-HBV liver failure group ( r values were 0.069, 0.341, 0.064, and P values were 0.723, 1.196 and 0.761, respectively); there was a significant inverse correlation between AT Ⅲ and TBil in the HBV liver failure group ( r = -0.105, P = 0.745). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that AT Ⅲ was an independent risk factor affecting the prognosis of patients with non-HBV liver failure [odd ratio ( OR) = 1.023, 95% confidence interval (95% CI) was -0.001 to 0.001, P = 0.007]. TBil was an independent risk factor affecting prognosis of patients with HBV liver failure ( OR = 1.005, 95% CI was -0.002 to -7.543, P = 0.033). The analysis of ROC curve showed that AT Ⅲ had a predictive value for the prognosis of patients with non-HBV liver failure, the area under the ROC curve (AUC) = 0.747, the 95% CI was 0.592-0.902, P = 0.009. When the optimal truncation value was 39.5%, its sensitivity and specificity were 83.33% and 56.25%, respectively. Conclusions:Artificial liver support system treatment of liver failure was difficult to effectively reduce the mortality of patients with end-stage liver failure. In addition to AT Ⅲ, TBil also could be used as an indicator to assess liver compensatency and predict prognosis in liver failure patients.

7.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2167-2170, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904861

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of the concept of collaborative innovation on the construction of a scientific research system for regional liver pathology center from multiple perspectives, and to explore its application significance. Methods A total of 1246 liver biopsy specimens which were examined in Department of Pathology in Wuxi Second People's Hospital and Wuxi Fifth People's Hospital from January 2014 to September 2020 were collected, among which the specimens examined before the founding of the regional liver pathology center were collected as nI group, and those examined after the founding of the center were collected as nII group. According to the examination time of the first, second, or third year after founding, the nII group was further divided into nIIa group, nIIb group, and nIIc group. A multi-perspective analysis was performed based on five indices, i.e., number of liver biopsy specimens, growth rate of liver biopsy specimens, growth rate of internal collaborative departments, growth rate of external collaborative units, and evaluation of the collaborative and innovative scientific research system. Results The growth rate of liver biopsy specimens in the nI group was 15.51%; after the founding of the regional liver pathology center, the highest growth rate of 187.76% was observed in the nIIa group, and a relatively stable growth rate of 76.35% was observed in the nIIb group. There was a gradual increase in the number of specimens in internal collaborative departments, with a growth rate of 50% in the nIIa group and 83.33% in the nIIb group, while the number of external collaborative units increased steadily, with a growth rate of 100% in the nIIa group and 50% in the nIIb group. The nII group showed a diversified increasing trend in the evaluation indices of the scientific research system. Conclusion It is a new perspective for the construction of regional disciplinary scientific research system to grasp the opportunity of policy-supported development and innovate the effective cooperation mode between internal departments and external units under the concept of collaborative innovation.

8.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 341-345, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-815779

ABSTRACT

Objective@# To investigate the epidemic status and influencing factors of colorectal polyps among urban residents in Lanxi.@*Methods@# A representative urban community was selected from Lanxi. A total of 935 local residents aged 18-80 years received questionnaire survey,physical examination,laboratory tests and colonoscopy. Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was applied to exam the potential influencing factors for colorectal polyps.@*Results @#Eventually 880 residents were involved into the statistical analysis. Colorectal polyps were detected in 167 participants with a crude prevalence of 18.98% and adjusted prevalence for age and gender of 13.28%. The prevalence of colorectal polyps in men(28.70%)was significantly higher than that in women(12.92%,P<0.05). The results of logistic regression analysis showed that age(OR=1.038,95%CI:1.018-1.057),males(OR=1.919,95%CI:1.303-2.826),the middle school level of education(OR=2.443,95%CI:1.507-3.961)and constitution of Yin-Asthenia(OR=0.203,95%CI:0.057-0.720)were influencing factors for colorectal polyps;among male participants,hypertension(OR=1.721,95%CI:1.018-2.908)was a risk factor for colorectal polyps;among female participants,age(OR=1.076,95%CI:1.042-1.111),BMI(OR=1.099,95%CI:1.001-1.207),the middle school level of education(OR= 3.507,95%CI:1.794-6.856)and constitution of Yin-Asthenia(OR=0.160,95%CI:0.033-0.770)were influencing factors for colorectal polyps.@*Conclusion @#Age,sex,education level and constitution of Yin-Asthenia were associated with the risk of colorectal polyps among residents in Lanxi;hypertension was associated with the risk of colorectal polyps in males,while age,BMI,education level and constitution of Yin-Asthenia were associated with the risk of colorectal polyps in females.

9.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 909-920, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776470

ABSTRACT

A central objective in deciphering the nervous system in health and disease is to define the connections of neurons. The propensity of neurotropic viruses to spread among synaptically-linked neurons makes them ideal for mapping neural circuits. So far, several classes of viral neuronal tracers have become available and provide a powerful toolbox for delineating neural networks. In this paper, we review the recent developments of neurotropic viral tracers and highlight their unique properties in revealing patterns of neuronal connections.

10.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 641-645, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-809284

ABSTRACT

Liver failure refers to a series of clinical syndromes manifesting as coagulation disorders, jaundice, hepatic encephalopathy, ascites, and other decompensated abnormalities due to serious hepatic dysfunction or decompensation in terms of synthesis, detoxification, excretion, and biological transformation caused by a variety of factors. In recent years, with the development of the research on immunological pathogenesis of liver failure, the "three-hit" theory clarifies the pathogenesis of liver failure. Major therapeutic strategies for liver failure are to prevent hepatocyte necrosis, promote hepatocyte regeneration, create a good internal environment for hepatocyte regeneration, and actively prevent and treat complications. An understanding of the immune status of liver failure patients and early application of glucocorticoids at right timing may help to improve prognosis and reduce adverse reactions. Establishment of a quantitative or functional balance between different cell subsets and new thoughts on some key cytokines may provide new directions and targets for immune regulation of liver failure.

11.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 675-679, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707198

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the relationship between viral load and expression of CD 226 on the surface of peripheral blood T follicular helper cells (Tfh) in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC) . Methods One hundred and thirty-five CHC patients hospitalized at Wuxi Fifth People′s Hospital from March 2015 to April 2017 were collected ,and another 30 healthy blood donors were set as healthy control group .CHC patients were divided into two groups based on hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA level ,with 49 cases (36 .3% ) in low viral load group and 86 cases (63 .7% ) in high viral load group .Expression of CD226 on the surface of peripheral blood Tfh cells , Tfh cells ,interleukin (IL )-21 and HCV specific cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) levels of two patient groups were compared .Categorical data were compared with chi-square test and normally distribute continuous data were compared with t test .Correlations between different factors were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis .Results Expression of CD226 on the surface of peripheral blood Tfh cells in 135 cases of CHC patients was (77 .69 ± 5 .42)% ,which was lower than that of healthy control ([90 .06 ± 5 .83]% ) ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t= 7 .541 , P < 0 .01) .The CD226 expression on the peripheral blood Tfh cells in low viral load group was (88 .75 ± 6 .68)% ,which was higher than that of high viral load group ([69 .23 ± 5 .86]% ) ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t = 19 .232 , P< 0 .01) .The viral load was negatively correlated with Tfh cell surface CD 226 expression (r = - 0 .705 , P < 0 .01) .The peripheral blood Tfh cell level in 135 CHC patients was higher than that of healthy control ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t= 13 .878 , P< 0 .01) .The peripheral blood Tfh cell level in low viral load group was higher than that in high viral load group ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t= 26 .993 , P< 0 .01) .The IL-21 level of 135 CHC patients was lower than that of healthy control ([70 .35 ± 1 .6]% ) ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t=18 .322 , P< 0 .01) .The IL-21 level in peripheral blood of low viral load group was higher than that of high viral load group ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t= 84 .54 , P< 0 .01) . HCV specific CTL level in peripheral blood of low viral load group was higher than that of high viral load group ,and the difference between the two groups was significant (t = 29 .869 , P< 0 .01) .The viral load was negatively correlated with levels of HCV specific CTL (r= -0 .734 ,P< 0 .01) .Conclusions In patients with chronic hepatitis C ,different levels of viral load can result in different levels of CD 226 expression on the peripheral blood Tfh cells .Patients with low viral load has high CD226 expression on Tfh cell surface , resulting in rise of Tfh cell level ,IL-21 level and HCV specific CTL level .

12.
Chinese Journal of Emergency Medicine ; (12): 1300-1306, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-664295

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the value of predicting fluid responsiveness using velocity time index variation (△VTI) and stroke volume variation (△SV) before and after passive leg raising (PLR)monitored by bedside temporary test equipment (TTE).Methods A cohort of 42 patients supported with mechanical ventilation in our hospital admitted from October 2014 to October 2015 were prospectively selected.The hemodynamic variables including heart rate (HR),mean arterial pressure (MAP),central venous pressure (CVP),VTI,SV and other parameters were monitored before and after after undergoing PLR.Fluid resuscitation volume expansion test was carried out after stroke volume index (SVI) monitored by pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring (PICCO).Patients were divided into fluid responsiveness positive group and fluid responsiveness negative group according to presence or absence of SVI ≥ 15% after fluid resuscitation volume expansion.Results Of 42 patients,22 belonged to fluid responsiveness positive group,20 got into fluid responsiveness negative group.There were no significant differences in basic clinical data between two groups.Before and after PLR,there were no distinct changes in HR and CVP (P > 0.05),while MAP,VTI and SV increased significantly (P < 0.05) after PLR in fluid responsiveness positive group.Contrarily,there were no noticeable changes in MAP and SV after PLR (P > 0.05),but HR,CVP and VTI increased significantly (P < 0.05) in fluid responsiveness negative group.The degrees of △VTI and △SV in fluid responsiveness positive group were much higher than those in fluid responsiveness negative group (P <0.05).According to SVI ≥ 15% monitored by PICCO after fluid resuscitation volume expansion test as a standard,the area under the ROC (AUC) of △VTI between prePLR and post-PLR was 0.75 (95% CI:O.593-0.907,P < 0.01),the sensitivity and specificity were 63.6% and 95% respectively using △VTI 15.6% as threshold value.The AUC of △SV was 0.844 (95%CI:O.716-0.972,P <0.01),the sensitivity and specificity were 81.8% and 85.0% respectively using △SV 10.5% as threshold value.Conclusion △VTI and △SV monitored by TTE before and after PLR could be employed for predicting fluid responsiveness of critical patients under the status of spontaneous respiration.Their value for prediction of critical patients could be further improved by combined employment of these two indexes of variation.

13.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 472-476, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666746

ABSTRACT

Objective To retrospectively study the incidence and risk factors of thyroid disease induced by peginterferon plus ribavirin (Peg IFN/RBV) antiviral treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis C (CHC).Methods From January 2012 to December 2014,a total of 362 CHC patients were treated with Peg IFN/RBV antiviral therapy at Wuxi Fifth People's Hospital,among whom 315 patients were included in this study.Thyroid function,autoantibodies and thyroid ultrasound were measured at baseline,weeks 12,24 and 48.Comparisons between groups were performed using chi-square test for qualitative data and the unpaired t test for continuous variables.Results After treatment,thyroid dysfunction developed in 12.1% of patients.Positive anti-thyroid peroxidase and anti-thyrobolulin antibodies were detected in 21% of patients.The thyroid ultrasound changes developed in 14.9% of the patients,among whom normal thyroid function and thyroid autoantibodies negative were detected in 8.7 % of patients.The titer of thyroid autoantibodies increased steadily from baseline to the end of treatment.Logistic regression analysis showed that positive thyroid autoantibody (OR =5.423,95% CI:3.441 8.716),sustained virological response (OR=7.201,95%CI:6.231-10.206),female(OR=1.22,95% CI:0.951-2.212) were the risk factors of thyroid dysfunction.Conclusions Peg IFN/RBV antiviral treatment increases the incidence of thyroid disease in CHC patients.Positive thyroid autoantibody,sustained virological response and the female gender are the risk factors of thyroid dysfunction.

14.
Chinese Journal of Anesthesiology ; (12): 979-984, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-666709

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the accuracy of ultrasound,pulse indicator continuous cardiac output monitoring (PiCCO) and traditional methods in predicting fluid responsiveness in septic patients.Methods Forty-six septic patients of both sexes,aged 18-72 yr,requiring mechanical ventilation treatment in the intensive care unit,were enrolled in the study.Venous blood samples were collected for determination of plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) concentrations by chemiluminescence assay,and central venous pressure (CVP) was recorded.Stroke volume variation (SVVTTE),distensibility index of inferior vena cava (dIVC) and velocity time integral changes of aortic blood flow (△VTI) were measured by ultrasound method.SVVPiCCO and global end-diastolic volume index (GEDVI) were measured by PiCCO method.The patients were divided into negative fluid responsiveness group and positive fluid responsiveness group according to the fluid responsiveness after volume expansion.The receiver operating characteristic curves of the parameters mentioned above in predicting fluid responsiveness were drawn.A consistency check for dIVC,△VTI and SVVPiCCO thresholds was conducted by using Kappa statistics.The agreement between SVVTTEand SVVPiCCO was analyzed by the Bland-Altman analysis.Results There were 24 patients in positive fluid responsiveness group and 22 patients in negative fluid responsiveness group.Compared with negative fluid responsiveness group,the plasma BNP concentration,CVP and GEDVI were significantly decreased,and SVVPiCCO,SVVTTE,dIVC and △VTI were increased before volume expansion in positive fluid responsiveness group (P<0.05).The area under the curve (95% confidence interval),sensitivity and specificity of the plasma BNP concentration were 0.894 (0.807-0.981),81.8% and 79.2%,respectively,of CVP 0.859 (0.752-0.965),81.8% and 79.2%,respectively,of GEDVI 0.772 (0.628-0.915),72.7% and 75.0%,respectively,of SVVPiCCO 0.965 (0.922-1.008),95.8% and 81.8%,respectively,of SVVTTE 0.940 (0.874--1.006),91.7% and 86.4%,respectively,of dIVC 0.964 (0.920-1.008),83.3% and 95.5%,respectively,and of △VTI 0.958 (0.909-1.008),87.5% and 90.9%,respectively.The Kappa value for dIVC threshold and SVVPiCCO threshold was 0.826,and for △VTI threshold and SVVPiCCO threshold was 0.743 (P<0.01).The mean deviation of SVVTTE and SVVPiCCO was 0.209,95% confidence interval (-2.967-3.385)%,and the limit of agreement (-2.46-2.62)% (P< 0.05).Conclusion Ultrasound and PiCCO methods can accurately predict fluid responsiveness,have a good agreement and are superior to the traditional method in septic patients.

15.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 522-526, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-482150

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the association between the difference of specific cytotoxic lymphocyte (CTL) and liver function of patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype B and C infections and interleukin (IL)‐7 induced follicular helper T lymphocytes (Tfh) .Methods Sixty‐seven patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) hospitalized at Wuxi No .5 People′s Hospital from August 2013 to January 2015 were collected and 30 healthy blood donors were set as healthy control group .The peripheral blood IL‐7 , Tfh ,IL‐21 ,HBV specific‐CTL ,nonspecific CTL ,levels of HBV DNA ,alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and total bilirubin (TBil) were compared between patients with genotype B and C infection ,hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)‐positive and HBeAg‐negative CHB ,high ALT level and low ALT level .Multivariate regression analysis was performed to determine the factors associated with IL‐7 .The t test was used for quantitative data and chi‐square test was used for categorical data .Results Of the 67 CHB patients with average age of (35 .1 ± 11 .4) ,48 were male and 19 were female;32 were infected with genotype C and 35 were infected with genotype B ;40 were HBeAg‐positive CHB and 27 were HBeAg‐negative CHB ;17 were with high ALT levels and 50 were with low ALT levels .IL‐7 ,Tfh ,IL‐21 and HBV specific‐CTL levels in the peripheral blood of genotype C‐infected patients were (20 .79 ± 4 .82 ) ng/L , (3 .93 ± 0 .82)% ,(24 .77 ± 7 .52) ng/L and (0 .20 ± 0 .04)% ,respectively ,while in genotype B‐infected patients , those were (29 .13 ± 8 .17) ng/L ,(5 .92 ± 1 .92)% ,(39 .94 ± 24 .00) ng/L and (0 .40 ± 0 .06)% , respectively .Levels of IL‐7 , Tfh ,IL‐21 and HBV specific‐CTL in genotype C‐infected patients were significantly lower than those in genotype B‐infected patients (t= 5 .027 ,5 .595 ,3 .553 and 15 .133 , respectively ;all P<0 .01) .Nonspecific CTL ,HBV DNA ,ALT and TBil levels in the peripheral blood of genotype C‐infected patients were all significantly higher than those in genotype B infected‐patients (t=4 .899 ,6 .815 ,2 .763 and 4 .899 ,respectively ;all P< 0 .01) .IL‐7 ,Tfh ,IL‐21 ,HBV specific‐CTL levels in the peripheral blood of HBeAg‐positive patients were significantly lower than those in HBeAg‐negative patients (all P<0 .01) .Nonspecific CTL ,HBV DNA ,ALT and TBil levels in the peripheral blood of HBeAg‐positive patients were all significantly higher than those in HBeAg‐negative patients (all P<0 .05) .IL‐7 ,Tfh ,IL‐21 ,HBV specific‐CTL levels in the peripheral blood of patients with high ALT levels were all significantly lower than those in patients with low ALT levels (all P<0 .01) .Nonspecific CTL and HBV DNA levels in the peripheral blood of patients with high ALT levels were both significantly higher than those in patients with low ALT levels (both P<0 .01) .HBV DNA ,IL‐21 and nonspecific CTL were all correlated with IL‐7 (all P<0 .01) .Conclusion The differences of HBV specific‐CTL and liver function in CHB patients infected with genotype B and C may be correlated with interleukin‐7 induced Tfhcells.

16.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Nutrition ; (6): 373-377, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-487387

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Objective To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of bedside nasointestinal nutritional tube insertion with specific guiding techniques in critically ill patients.Methods Critically ill patients who could not take oral or gastric feeding were collected from September 1st, 2013 to September 10th, 2015 in Intensive Care Unit of The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University.In these patients, bedside nasointestinal tube insertion was performed according to the relevant standard operating procedure in our department, and guiding technique was chosen based on patients' clinical characteristics.Operation time, position of tube tip and complications associated with the bedside operations were recorded for retrospective analysis.Results A total of 21 patients were collected in this study, in whom 23 bedside insertions were preformed.In 21 insertions (91.3%), the tip of the tube was successfully inserted across the transpyloric plane;and in 20 insertions (87.0%), 10 cm distal to the ligament of Treitz.The average operation time was (14.10 ± 1.80) min.The average cost was (297.01 ± 35.26) yuan.No severe complications were occurred.Conclusions The bedside nasointestinal feeding tube insertion without visual guiding is simple, safe, low-cost, and of high success rate.It may be a good choice for establishing enteral nutrition channel in order to implement early enteral nutrition in patients unable to take oral or gastric feeding.

17.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 571-575, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-465911

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Objective To evaluate the therapeutic effect of early fluid resuscitation under the guidance of pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PiCCO) on patients with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP).Methods Clinical data of 18 SAP patients (research group),who had undergone fluid resuscitation under the guidance of PiCCO in the Department of Critical Care Medicine of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from October 2011 to October 2013,were analyzed prospectively.At the same time,clinical data of 25 cases (control group) that had undergone fluid resuscitation without the guidance of PiCCO from January 2009 to September 2011 were collected retrospectively.The volume of fluid and clinical data were compared between two groups.Results During the first 6 hours,0-24 hours,24-48 hours,and 0-72 hours after intensive care unit (ICU) admission,the research group received larger volume of fluid than that of the control group (mL:2 133 ± 1 593 vs.1 024 ± 421,t=3.337,P=0.002; 5 960 ±2 951 vs.3 767 ± 854,t=3.531,P=0.001; 4 709 ± 1 508 vs.3 863 ± 1 122,t=2.112,P=0.031 ; 14 601 ± 5 095 vs.11 409 ± 2 667,t=2.673,P=0.007).Compared with the control group,the incidence of application of blood purification was lowered [5.56% (1/18) vs.44.00% (11/25),x2=7.688,P=0.006],the duration of the systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) was shortened (days:3.54 ± 2.44 vs.5.62 ± 3.62,t=2.113,P=0.041),acute physiology and chronic health Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score was significantly declined at 24 hours after admission (11±4 vs.14 ± 5,t=2.104,P=0.042),the blood lactic acid was decreased more significantly after 72 hours (mmol/L:3.10 ±0.55 vs.2.40 ± 1.12,t=2.442,P=0.019),and the length of ICU stay was shortened (days:10 ±9 vs.20 ± 10,t=3.371,P=0.002) in research group.But there was no significant difference in the percentage of the use of vasoactive drugs [16.67% (3/18) vs.24.00% (6/25),x2 =0.340,P=0.560],the incidence of invasive mechanical ventilation [50.00% (9/18) vs.52.00% (13/25),x2 =0.017,P=0.897],72-hour urea nitrogen changes (mmol/L:-0.33 ± 4.71 vs.-0.09 ± 5.37,t=0.152,P=0.880),and the percentage of abdominal infection [16.67% (3/18) vs.16.00% (4/25),x2=0.003,P=0.953] between research group and control group.The mortality in research group was lower than that in control group [5.56% (1/18) vs.20.00% (5/25)] without statistical difference (x2=1.819,P=0.178).According to the 2012 Atlanta classification,patients were re-evaluated after 48 hours fluid resuscitation.Six patients in research group developed moderately severe acute pancreatitis,and the incidence was significantly higher than that in control group [33.33% (6/18) vs.8.00% (2/25),x2=4.435,P=0.034].The time of mean PiCCO installation was 4.5 days in 18 cases of the research group,and no related complications occurred.Conclusions The PiCCO device may be a useful adjunct for fluid resuscitation monitoring in patients with SAP within 72 hours.Early fluid resuscitation under the guidance of PiCCO may be helpful in improving tissue perfusion,reducing the application of blood purification,as well as shortening length of ICU stay.This program did not increase the risk of invasive mechanical ventilation,and no obvious change in mortality rate was observed.

18.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (24): 1145-1147, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747187

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OBJECTIVE@#To explore the pain control effect of lornoxicam on patients after nasal packing.@*METHOD@#A total of 56 patients undergoing nasal packing between January 2011 and August 2011 were randomly divided into the treatment group and control group. (1) Treatment group: routinely given lornoxicam for injection 8 mg(2 ml), intravenous injection, twice a day; (2) CONTROL GROUP: given saline 2 ml, intravenous injection, twice a day, other treatments are the same with the treatment group. Visual analog scale was used to record the painful severity of nose and head at 3, 6, 12, 24 and 48 h,and record the sleep quality score at 24 and 48 h.@*RESULT@#The pain in nose and head and night sleeping in treatment group were all significantly better than that in control group.@*CONCLUSION@#The analgesic effect of lornoxicam in nasal packing is good, with no evident adverse reactions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Analgesics , Therapeutic Uses , Nasal Cavity , General Surgery , Nasal Surgical Procedures , Pain, Postoperative , Drug Therapy , Piroxicam , Therapeutic Uses
19.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 736-739, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-430002

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of programmed death 1(PD-1) on the peripheral T lymphocytes and the serum cytokine levels in different phases of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection (immune tolerance,immune clearance and non-replicating phases).Methods A total of 105 HBV infected patients in different phases of infection were enrolled in Wuxi No.5 People's Hospital from Apr to Sep 2011,and divided into three groups:the immune tolerance group (35 cases),the immune clearance group (35 cases) and the non-replicating group (35 cases).Meanwhile,20 healthy people were enrolled as controls.The peripheral blood was collected and PD-1 expressions on the surface of T lymphocytes were assessed by flow cytometry.The cytokine levels in different groups were analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).The data were analyzed by t test and Pearson correlation analysis.Results The PD-1 expression on surface of CD8+ T lymphocytes of HBV infected patients was (12.35± 3.48)%,which was significantly higher than healthy control group [(4.65±1.21) %] (t=9.76,P<0.01).The PD-1 expression on CD4+ T lymphocytes was (4.95±2.87) %,which was not significantly different from the healthy controls [(4.08±2.14) %] (t =1.29,P>0.05).The PD-1 expressions on CD8+ T lymphocytes of patients in the immune tolerance group,the immune clearance group and the non-replicating group were (15.87±3.18)%,(7.69±3.64)%and (10.12±2.84) %,respectively; that in the immune tolerance group was higher than the immune clearance group (t=10.01,P<0.01) and that in healthy control group was lower than those in the other 3 groups (t=15.12,3.61 and 8.17,respectively; all P<0.01).The PD-1 expression on the surface of CD8+ T lymphocytes in chronic HBV infected patients was positively correlated with the serum interleukin-10 (IL-10) level (γ=0.377,P<0.05),while that was negatively correlated with interferon-γ (IFN-γ) level (r=-0.620,P<0.05).Conclusions PD-1 is up-regulated on the surface of CD8+ T lymphocytes from chronic HBV infected patients.And PD-1 is negatively correlated with serum IFN-γ levels and positively correlated with serum IL-10 levels.The expression of PD-1 on the surface of CD8+ T lymphocytes influences the balance of helper T cell (Th)1/Th2,which might play a role in the persistence of HBV infection.

20.
Chinese Journal of Infectious Diseases ; (12): 292-294, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-416409

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the role of natural killer cells (NK cells) in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Methods Blood samples and liver biopsies from 108 CHB patients including 43 mild, 28 moderate and 37 severe CHB patients were collected. The levels of interferon (IFN) gamma in liver tissues and peripheral blood were detected by intracellular cytokine staining.The data were analyzed by t test. Results The levels of IFN gamma produced by NK cells in liver tissues and peripheral blood of patients with severe CHB were (8. 12±4. 26) % and (4. 59±2. 95) % ,respectively, which were significantly higher than those in patients with mild CHB [(3. 53±1. 56)%and (2. 26±0.61)%, respectively; t=3. 80 and t = 4. 30, respectively; both P0. 05). The levels of IFN gamma produced by NK cells in liver tissues and blood samples in severe phase of severe CHB were (10. 02 ± 4. 15)% and (6. 78 + 2. 91)%, respectively, those in recovery phase were (6. 13±2. 01)% and (3. 13± 1. 52)%, respectively (t = 1. 89 and t=1. 74, respectively; both P<0. 05]. Conclusion NK cells may play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of severe CHB.

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