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1.
Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 308-315, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992094

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the lipid-lowering effect of atorvastatin on patients with acute cerebral infarction with different ATP-binding cassette subfamily B member 1(ABCB1) genotypes, and thus to provide clinical research evidence for individual application of atorvastatin in patients with acute cerebral infarction.Methods:From March 2021 to December 2021, 131 patients with acute cerebral infarction admitted to the Department of Neurology of Xuchang Central Hospital were included. The ABCB1 G2677T gene polymorphism rs2032582 of patients was detected by fluorescence staining in situ hybridization.Based on the detection results, patients were divided into GG group, GT group and TT group.All patients were given atorvastatin (20 mg/d) for lipid-lowering treatment.The levels of low density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), high density lipoprotein cholesterol(HDL-C), total cholesterol(TC)and triglyceride(TG) in serum of patients in the three groups before and 2 months after treatment were recorded and analyzed.The adverse drug reactions in the three groups were recorded. When the serum LDL-C level was less than 1.8 mmol/L, it was considered that the lipid-lowering treatment was effective.The binary Logistic regression analysis was used to explore the influencing factors of atorvastatin lipid lowering therapy.The software of SPSS 25.0 was used for statistical analysis.Results:There were 50 (38.17%), 49 (37.40%) and 32 (24.43%) patients in GG group, GT group and TT group, respectively. The serum TC levels of patients in GG group, GT group and TT group after treatment were (3.47±0.70) mmol/L, (3.59±1.09) mmol/L and (3.48±1.02) mmol/L, respectively, which were lower than those before treatment ((4.27± 0.99) mmol/L, (4.02±0.98) mmol/L and (4.03±1.31) mmol/L), all of which were statistically significant ( t=7.652, 3.092, 5.593, all P<0.01). The serum LDL-C levels in GG group, GT group and TT group after treatment were (1.89±0.53) mmol/L, (2.07±0.92) mmol/L and (1.96±0.79) mmol/L, respectively, which were lower than those before treatment ((2.87±0.92) mmol/L, (2.56±0.89) mmol/L and (2.55±1.11) mmol/L) ( t=9.896, 4.055, 5.980, all P<0.001). The differences of serum LDL-C level before and after treatment in GG group, GT group and TT group were (-0.97±0.69) mmol/L, (-0.50±0.86) mmol/L and (-0.59±0.56) mmol/L, respectively. The difference of serum LDL-C level before and after treatment in the three groups was statistically significant ( F=5.614, P=0.005). The difference of TC, TG and HDL-C before and after treatment was not statistically significant( F=2.783, 0.490, 1.677, all P>0.05). The binary Logistic regression analysis showed that ABCB1 G2677T gene type and staying up late were independent influencing factors for atorvastatin lipid-lowering therapy. The probability of effective lipid-lowering in GT patients with ABCB1 G2677T gene was 27.9% of that in GG patients ( OR=0.279, 95% CI: 0.110-0.709, P=0.007), and the probability of TT type patients was 33.8% of GG type patients ( OR=0.338, 95% CI: 0.121-0.943, P=0.038). The probability of effective lipid-lowering in patients who had the habit of staying up late was 26.4% of the patients who did not stay up late ( OR=0.264, 95% CI: 0.118-0.591, P=0.001). There was no significant difference in the total incidence of adverse drug reactions among the three groups( χ2=0.868, P=0.648). Conclusion:The lipid-lowering effect in patients with GG type of ABCB1 G2677T is better than that of GT type and TT type when atorvastatin is used to treat patients with acute cerebral infarction.

2.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1357-1361, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909710

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in the expression of toll like receptor 4 (TLR4), pentamerin-3 (PTX3) and Apelin in the blood of patients with sepsis and their relationship with the condition and prognosis.Methods:From March 2015 to March 2020, 82 patients with sepsis in the First People′s Hospital of Chenzou were retrospectively selected, including 22 patients in septic shock group, 34 patients in severe sepsis group and 26 patients in general sepsis group. 82 healthy people in the same period were selected as the control group. The expression of serum TLR4, PTX3, Apelin, Sequential Organ Dysfunction Score (SOFA), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Score System Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) were measured and compared. The relationship between the expression of serum TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin and the scores of SOFA and APACHE Ⅱ in patients with sepsis were analyzed. The general data and the expression of serum TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin in patients with sepsis with different prognosis (28 day survival and death) were counted. The influencing factors of prognosis in patients with sepsis were observed, and the predictive significance of serum TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin on the prognosis of patients with sepsis was analyzed.Results:Comparison of serum TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin level in the groups: septic shock group>severe sepsis group>general sepsis group>control group ( P<0.05); The serum level of TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin in patients with high SOFA and APACHE Ⅱ scores were higher than those in patients with low SOFA and APACHE Ⅱ scores ( P<0.05); Pearson correlation showed that serum level of TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin was positively correlated with the SOFA and APACHE Ⅱ scores of sepsis patients ( P<0.05); The levels of serum TLR4, PTX3, Apelin and the scores of SOFA and APACHE Ⅱ in the dead patients with sepsis were higher than those in survival patients ( P<0.05); Logistic regression analysis found that serum level of TLR4, PTX3, Apelin, SOFA score, and APACHE Ⅱ score were all important risk factors for 28 day death of sepsis patients ( P<0.05); The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the sensitivity and specificity of combined blood indexes (TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin) in predicting the prognosis of patients with sepsis were 85.71% and 85.25%. Conclusions:The expression of serum TLR4, PTX3 and Apelin in patients with sepsis can be significantly increased, which is related to the patient′s condition and prognosis and can provide a certain basis for clinical diagnosis and treatment.

3.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 96-103, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-710670

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the severity of allogenic rejection after partial liver transplantation (PLTx) with different graft weight to recipient liver weight (GW/RLW).Methods The full-size liver transplantation (group A),GW/RLW >33% PLTx (group B) and GW/RLW < 30% PLTx (group C) were set up using BN rats and Lewis rats as donors and recipients,respectively.All recipients were observed for 28 days.The Banff RAI grading,survival rate,jaundice and body weight recovery were evaluated to determine the severity of acute allogeneic rejection.Two PLTx groups,group B1 (GW/RLW>33%) and group C1 (GW/RLW<30%),were established to assess the mRNA level of IL-2,GranzymeB,Perforin and CD3 48 h and 7 days postoperatively.Additionally,the mRNA level of B7-H1,the ratio of Ki67 + hepatocytes and the liver enzymes were also assessed 7 days postoperatively.Results All recipients in group C died within 22 days postoperatively,presenting with severe lymphocytic infiltration and vascular endothelialitis.All recipients in group A and group B survived until the end of observation time.All recipients in group A survived and presented with a mild lymphocytic infiltration and rare vascular endothelialitis.Group B presented with moderate lymphocytic infiltration and moderate vascular endothelialitis.The Banff RAI grading in group C was significantly higher than that in group A and group B (P < 0.05).In accordance with the result of histology and survival rate,group B and group C presented with earlier jaundice and lower body weight recovery than that of group A (P<0.05).As compared with group B1,group C1 presented with higher mRNA levels of Perforin,GranzymeB,IL-2 and CD3,higher level of liver enzymes and heavier liver graft weights.Besides,the mRNA level of immunosuppresive molecule B7-H1 in group C1 was lower than that of group B1.However,there was no significant difference in the ratio of Ki67 + hepatocytes between group B1 and group C1.Conclusion The allogenic liver rejection may be enhanced by reducing the GW/RLW.

4.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 555-558, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-667479

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the clinical characteristic,treatment,and prognosis of urological de novo malignant tumor in kidney transplant recipients.Methods A retrospective analysis was performed on 11 patients with urothelial carcinoma admitted in our institute between 2008 and 2016.Three patients were male and 8 patients were female.The interval between tumorigenesis and transplantation ranged from 12 to 132 months with a mean time of 68.4 months.Of the 11 cases,5 had pelvic TCC,4 cases had ureter TCC,and the rest 2 cases had pelvic and ureter TCC.All patients were in the same side of transplanted kidney (right).Of the 11 cases,7 had a main clinical manifestation of gross hematuria,3 cases had abdomen pain of the right side,and 1 case had hydronephosis of the right side during physical examination.Surgical treatment was taken in all 11 cases,combined with chemotherapy and irnmunotherapy (decreased immunosuppressive agents)treatment.Results Surgical treatment in all 11 cases was successful,and the postoperative pathology results confirmed the diagnosis of urothelial carcinoma.One patient receiving palliative treatment died 4 months after diagnosis.One patient died of extensive metastatic disease at 36th month postoperatively,and one patient died of respiratory failure.The rest 8 cases were followed for 4-96 months.One patient was given sirolimus (SRL) but diarrhea,so cyclosporine A (CsA) was administered.The renal function in the remaining 8 patients was normal.Conclusion Laparoscopic surgery combined with middle and small incision in the treatment of autologous ipsilateral urothelial carcinoma after renal transplantation is safe and effective.

5.
The Journal of Practical Medicine ; (24): 1755-1758, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-467619

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of tadalafil on chronic allograft vasculopathy. Method The abdominal aorta transplantation was performed on Male Lewis or Brown-Norwai rats as donors and male Male Lewis rats as recipients. The recipients were divided into 3 groups: Group A (Lewis-Lewis)with no treatment ;Group B (BN-Lewis) with no treatment; Group C (BN-Lewis) received tadalafil treatment (0.5 mg/kg per day). The rats were sacrificed at 8 weeks post treatment. The grafted aortas were used for histology and Western blot assay. Plasma cGMP level was detected by ELISA assay. Results The aortas intimal in group C was significantly thinner than that in group B. PKG-Ⅰprotein expression in group C was significantly higher than that in group B. Expression of RhoA in group C was lower than that in group B. Conclusion Tadalafil has positive effect on chronic allograft vasculopathy.

6.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 424-428, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-479923

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the mechanism of islet transplantation lessening renal damage of diabetic nephropathy (DN) rat model.Method Rat DN model was established by intraperitoneal injection of a single-dose streptozotocir.The rats were divided into normal control group, DN group and islet transplant group.Islet transplantation was taken on the right renal capsule in transplantation group at 8th week after the modeling.At week 12 after the modeling, the urinary protein, urinary creatinine and blood glucose in each group were determined.The kidneys were collected, and transplant islet HE staining, immunofluorescence, kidney electron microscopy were done.Synaptopodin and transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) protein expression was observed in renal tissues of each group by immunohistochemical staining.Result The urine protein and urinary creatinine ratio in islet transplant group was significantly lower than in DN group (P<0.001).Blood glucose level in islet transplant group had no significant difference (P>0.05) with the control group, but was significantly lower than in DN group (P < 0.05).Islet cells by HE staining and immunofluorescence staining showed new blood vessels around the islets, and the insulin secretion was exuberant.Under an electron microscope, there was local fusion of podocyte foot processes, and segmental thickening of the basement membrane in DN group;in islet transplant group, the foot processes of podocytes were neat, basement membrane structure was clear and had no thickening.Synaptopodin protein expression was significantly decreased in the glomeruli of DN group and islet transplant group as compared with the control group (P<0.05), and that in islet transplant group was significantly enhanced (P<0.05) as compared with DN group.The expression of TGFβ1 in DN group and islet transplant group was significantly increased (P<0.05) as compared with control group, and that in DN group was significantly higher (P<0.05) than in islet transplant group.Conclusion Islet transplantation can inhibit TGFβ1 pathway, improve DN podocyte injury in rats, and alleviate or even reverse proteinuria.

7.
International Journal of Laboratory Medicine ; (12): 1001-1002, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-446960

ABSTRACT

Objective Through the 2003 -2012 epidemic encephalitis B cases analysis ,to study the prevalence of epidemic en-cephalitis B in Shaoguan ,and to provide the scientific basis for the prevention and control epidemic encephalitis B .Methods Active surveillance of suspected cases ,retrospective analysis of laboratory confirmed cases related materials were done .Results There were 47 cases who suffered from epidemic encephalitis B in Shaoguan from 2003 to 2012 ,and 2 death cases occurred .Epidemic en-cephalitis B incidence in years was (0 -0 .531) /10 million .There was a morbidity peak in June and July ,which accounted for 87 .23% of the total incidence ,20 cases occurred in June(42 .55% )and 21 cases occurred in July(44 .68% ) .Men suspected cases in 130 cases ,31 laboratory confirmed cases .Women suspected cases in 86 cases ,16 laboratory confirmed cases .The positive cases of male was more than female .In 47 epidemic encephalitis B cases ,0- <4 years old 6 cases ,4- <7 years old 22 cases ,7- <20 years old 17 cases ,≥ 20 years old 2 cases .Most of the patients were preschool children and students ,accounting for 82 .97% .There were 32 cases with no or uncertain history of vaccination ,accounting for 68 .08% of the total cases .15 cases had history of immunity ,ac-counting for 31 .92% of the total cases .Conclusion Prevention of epidemic encephalitis B should pay more attention to epidemic en-cephalitis B vaccination .Mosquito control work of rural and peri-urban areas should be strengthened .

8.
Chinese Journal of Organ Transplantation ; (12): 236-240, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418501

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects and mechanism of Cordyceps sinensis on transplant arteriosclerosis in a rat model Methods Brown Norway aortic allografts were transplanted into Lewis recipient rats,and the recipient rats were randomly divided into four groups:group A,isograft control group,Lewis-Lewis (n =10); group B,allograft control group,BN-Lewis (n =10); groups C and D,allograft experimental groups,BN-Lewis (n =10).Rats were given normal saline via intragastric injection,once every day for 60 days in groups A and group B,and received different doses (1.5 and 3 g·kg-1 ·d 1) of Cordyceps sinensis in groups C and group D respectively.Grafts were harvested on the day 60 after transplantation. Intimal thickness was detected by HE staining.Protein was extracted from the abdominal aortas for Western blotting.Cellular localization was assessed by histology and immunohistochemistry.The serum was analyzed by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results Transplanted arteries were normal in group A.Transplanted arteries in group A had allograft vasculopathy,and intimal thickness was significantly increased.Transplanted arteries in allograft experimental groups had endometritis changes,and intimal thickness was significantly decreased as compared with that in group B (P < 0.05).Immunohistochemistry and Western blotting revealed that the expression levels of VEGF and PDGF-BB proteins in group A were significantly higher than in group B,and those in groups C and D were significantly reduced as compared with group B (P<0.05).ELISA showed that serum VEGF and PDGF BB concentrations in group B were significantly increased as compared with group A (P<0.05).Serum VEGF and PDGF-BB concentrations were significantly reduced in groups C and D as compared with group B (P<0.05).Conclusion Cordyceps sinensis could significantly inhibit the intimal hyperplasia,and delayed transplant arteriosclerosis caused by chronic rejection,which may be related to the down-regulated expression of VEGF and PDGF-BB.

9.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 86-90, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-381929

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the detection of culture filtrate protein 10 (CFP10) and 6000 early secretory antigenic target (ESAT-6) in cerebrospinal fluid to be used in diagnosing tuberculous meningitis. Methods Dot enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ( Dot ELISA) method that was improved by applying concentrated cerebrospinal fluid was used to detect CFP10 and ESAT-6 in cerebrospinal fluid to analyze small protein antigen secreted by M. tuberculosis. Cerebrospinal fluid of 111 subjects were collected,in which 58 specimens were clinically diagnosed as tuberculous meningitis and 53 as non-tuberculous.CFP10 and ESAT-6 were detected in cerebrospinal fluid using Dot ELISA method and the results were analyzed. Results The sensitivities of detecting CFP10 and ESAT-6 antigen were 93.1% and 91.4% respectively, and the specificities were 92. 5% and 94. 3% respectively. The sensitivities and specificities are generally higher compared with the other methods of detecting M. tuberculosis or materials of M. tuberculosis by acid-fast staining or mycobacterium tuberculosis culture and polymerase chain reaction.Conclusions Using Dot ELISA method to detect CFP10 and ESAT-6 in cerebrospinal fluid to diagnose tuberculous meningitis has a high sensitivity and specificity. Our study provided the evidence of detecting the specific antigen of M. tuberculosis to be used in diagnosing tuberculosis.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 666-670, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-422448

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the molecular mechanism of renal function defects after urinary obstruction and investigate the effect of sirolimus on the expression of γ-ENaC,Na + K + ATPase and AQP2,and its mechanism of renal Water-Electrolyte imbalance following bilateral ureteral obstruction (BUO) in rat kidneys.Methods Forty-eight rats were randomly divided into a sham operation group ( sham group),a BUO group,and a sirolimus treatment after BUO group.Bilateral ureters were exposed and occluded with ligature in the BUO and sirolimus treatment groups.Twenty-four hours later,the obstructed ureters were decompressed by removal of the ligature.The sham animal group underwent identical surgical procedures,but the ureter was simply dissected without removal of the ligature.The sirolimus treatment groups was given sirolimus intragastricly 0.4 ml per day (2 mg/kg · d) from the day before surgery until the rats were scari fled.The sham and BUO groups were given the same volume of intragastric saline.The urine and blood were collected at 4 d,7 d after surgery,and the functional data were observed.The expression of γ-ENaC,Na+K + ATPase and AQP2 were examined by immnohistochemistry and immunoblotting.Results On day four and seven post ureteral obstruction release,urine volume in the BUO group were (85.31 ± 13.15,66.39 ±10.56 ml),significantly higher than that of sham operation (35.36 ± 7.74,33.90 ± 8.03 ml) and sirolimus treatment groups (69.81 ± 10.70 ml,48.57 ± 9.01 ml) (P < 0.05 ).Urine sodium concentrations in the BUO group were (42.17 ± 7.35 mmol/L,43.63 ± 18.39 mmoL/L),significantly lower than that of sham operation ( 170.56 ± 18.39 mmoL/L,172.52 ± 7.35 mmol/L) and sirolimus treatment groups (76.18 ± 13.20 mmol/L,134.28 ± 13.20 mmol/L),P < 0.05.Immunoblotting assay showed that,on day four and seven post rats ureteral obstructions were released,integral optical density of γ-ENaC (2.09 ±0.32,2.27 ±0.35),Na+ K+ATP enzyme (2.41 ±0.48,2.67 ±0.43) and AQP2 (2.17 ±0.45,2.63 ±0.28) in the sirolimus treatment group were significantly higher than those of BUO group ( 1.28 ± 0.21,1.45 ±0.17) (1.99 ±0.28,2.18±0.24) (0.93 ±0.22,1.31 ±0.16),but still lower than the sham group (2.58±0.51,2.60±0.56) (2.89±0.53,2.97 ±0.66) (3.05 ±0.63,3.10±0.67).There were significant differences among all the three groups ( P < 0.05 ).Conclusions The downregulation of γ-ENaC,Na + K + ATPase and AQP2 expression after BUO may contribute to the impaired renal tubular sodium reabsorption,decreased urinary concentration,and postobstructive polyuria.Sirolimus treatment significantly prevents impairment in renal function and also prevents downregulation of y-ENaC,Na + K+ ATPase and AQP2during BUO,demonstrating a marked renoprotective effect of sirolimus treatment in conditions with urinary tract obstruction.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 816-819, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-392042

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the factors related to the delayed graft function (DGF). Methods Clinical data of 150 recipients were collected and performed by Cox proportional hazards regression analysis . In addition, the glutathione S-transferase (GST) gene polymorphism of 172 donors and 157 healthy persons was analyzed by multiple PCR and SSP-PCR. Results DGF was observed in 24 patients among 150 recipients. Pretranplantation dialysis mode, PR A levels and recipient gender were uncorrelated with the incidence of DGF(P>0. 05). Urinary volume of the second 24 hours after transplantation was an independent predictor of DGF(RR=1. 002, P = 0. 001). The frequency of donor's null GSTM1 in DGF group was significantly higher than that in non-DGF group(P<0. 05). Conclusions Urinary volume of the second 24 hours after transplantation could be a predictor for DGF. The null GSTM1 in donor might be one of the factors related to the EGF.

12.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 604-606, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-400654

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the value and effectiveness of surgical management and mapping in supratentorial tumoral complicated with epilepsy and to study the correlations between tumor and the epileptogenic focus.Methods The clinical data of 121 patients with supratentorial cerebral tumor but epilepsy as initial symptom were retrospectively analyzed for the incidence of pre-and postoperative epileptic seizures,including grade Ⅰ glioma in 1 5 cases and grade Ⅱ glioma in 35 cases,grade Ⅲ-Ⅳglioma in 12 cases,menigoma in 32 cases,metastases in 10 cases,cavernous angiomas in 15 cases,and ependymomas in 2 cases.Results Surgery based on CT/MRI,seizure type and EEG changes was conducted.There was no death in operation.The highest incidence was in frontal lobe and the lowest in occipital lobe.Correlations between localization of tumor and the epileptogenic focus:there were 50 cases in the same location,near or beside tumors in 28 cases,far separate apart(>2 cm)from tumors in 25 cases,no relationship was found in 18 cases.103 patients were followed up for one to nine years.31 patients had a few seizures in the early postoperative period.Epileptic seizures were cured without anti-epilepsy drugs in 83 cases.Conclusion There are some differences between tumors'location and epileptogenic focus in supratentorial tumoral epilepsy.The location and size of epileptogenic zone should be detected before and during operation.The resection of the tumor combined with the resection of the epileptogenic zone"epilepsy surgery"can provide good results.

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