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1.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 148-155, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982029

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the feasibility and safety of bipolar-plasmakinetic transurethral enucleation and resection of the prostate (B-TUERP) in day surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2021 to August 2022, 34 patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) underwent B-TUERP in day surgery in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University. Patients completed the screening and anesthesia evaluation before admission and received the standard surgery which implements "anatomical enucleation of the prostate" and "absolute bleeding control" on the same day of admission, and by the same doctor. Bladder irrigation was stopped, catheter was removed and the discharge evaluation was performed on the first day after operation. The baseline data, perioperative conditions, time of recovery, treatment outcomes, hospitalization costs, and postoperative complications were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successfully conducted. The average age of the patients was (62.2±7.8) years, average prostate volume was (50.2±29.3) mL. The average operation time was (36.5±19.1) min, the average hemoglobin and blood sodium were decreased by (16.2±7.1) g/L and (2.2±2.0) mmol/L, respectively. The average postoperative length of hospital stay, and total length of hospital stay were (17.7±2.2) and (20.8±2.1) h, respectively, and the average hospitalization cost was (13 558±2320) CNY. All patients were discharged on the day after surgery except for one patient who was transferred to a general ward. Three patients received indwelling catheterization after catheter removal. The 3-month follow-up results showed a substantial improvement in the International Prostate Symptom Score, quality of life score and maximum urinary flow rate (all P<0.01). Three patients experienced temporary urinary incontinence, 1 patient experienced urinary tract infection, 4 patients were diagnosed with urethral stricture and 2 patients experienced bladder neck contracture. No complications above Clavien grade Ⅱ occurred.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The preliminary results showed that B-TUERP ambulatory surgery is a safe, feasible, economical and effective treatment for appropriately selected patients with BPH.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Prostate/surgery , Prostatic Hyperplasia/surgery , Ambulatory Surgical Procedures , Quality of Life , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
2.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 294-295, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-933215

ABSTRACT

A total of 4 patients with renal cancer were admitted to our hospital from October 2006 to September 2015 in a familial renal cancer family. Among the 4 patients, 1 patient showed unilateral multiple clear cell carcinoma, 1 patient showed bilateral multiple clear cell carcinoma, and 2 patients showed bilateral multiple chromophobe cell carcinoma. No mutation of VHL or FLCN gene was found in all patients by genetic analysis.

3.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 507-512, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911059

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characters and emergency treatment strategy of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urosepsis.Methods:Clinical data of 28 cases of urosepsis, caused by upper urinary tract stone obstruction and arranged for emergency admission in our hospital during January 2018 to December 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. There were 6 males and 22 females. The median age was 54(32-93)years old. All patients had fever with the temperature ranged from 38.5 to 41.0 ℃. The median course of disease was 3 (ranging 1-14) days. The systolic blood pressure ranged from 76 to 138 mmHg at admission. Hypotension group was defined as the systolic blood pressure<90 mmHg after admission. Normotensive group was defined as the systolic blood pressure≥90 mmHg. There were 12 cases in hypotension group, including 3 males and 9 females. The median age was 57 (ranging 32-93) years old. The stones located at left side in 7 cases and right side in 5 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 5 cases, middle ureter in 2 cases, lower ureter in 4 cases and renal calculi in one case. The median length of the stone was 10 (ranging 6-20) mm. Six cases suffered with diabetes mellitus. One case suffered with neuron system disease. 3 cases have history of recent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy(ESWL). There were 16 cases in normotensive group, including 3 males and 13 females with the median age of 53 (ranging 33-76) years old. The stones located at left side in 5 cases, right side in 9 cases and bilateral in 2 cases. The stones located at the upper ureter in 10 cases, middle ureter in 4 cases, lower ureter in 2 cases. The length of the stone was 10 (ranging 8-14) mm. There were 3 cases with neurological diseases and 3 cases with recent ESWL history. There was significant difference between hypotension group and normotensive group in ration of diabetes mellitus ( P=0.024). Blood routine examination, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin(PCT), blood and urine bacterial culture were performed in both groups. The patients were treated with empiric antibiotics after the evaluation based on the sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA). Patients with hypotension were given blood volume expansion, and vasoactive drugs were added when the blood pressure was still low. After the blood pressure was stable, the collection system decompression was performed. The difference of infection indicators and therapeutic methods between the two groups was compared. Results:There was no significant difference in median WBC [16.34 (2.55-41.65) × 10 9/L vs. 13.97(6.23-26.65) × 10 9/L, P=0.577], median CRP [143.0(74.2-200.0) ng/ml vs.110.0 (22.7-200.0) ng/ml, P=0.771] between hypotension group and normotensive group. The difference of PCT [95.5 (26.5-200.0) ng / ml vs. 57.6 (1.0-200.0) ng / ml, P=0.040] and PLT [65.5(14.0-170.0)×10 9/L vs. 73.0(17.0-412.0)×10 9/L, P=0.030] between hypotension group and normotensive group was statistically significant. The median SOFA scores of hypotension group and normotensive group were significantly different [8.5(3.0-13.0) vs. 5.0(2.0-8.0), P=0.001]. Ureteral stent placement was performed in 23 cases, and nephrostomy was performed in 5 cases. There was no significant difference in surgical drainage between the two groups ( P=0.887). Eight patients in hypotension group were admitted to ICU. There was no significant difference in the duration of antibiotic use between hypotension group and normotensive group [8 (3-12) d vs. 5 (3-7) d, P=0.453]. Sepsis was cured in both groups after decompression, fluid resuscitation and antibiotic treatment. Conclusions:In severe cases of upper urinary tract stone obstruction complicated with urogenic sepsis, septic shock may occur. The condition is urgent, severe and dangerous. Patients with hypotension had higher PCT and SOFA scores, and lower PLT. It is very important to carry out the collection system decompression drainage in time, liquid resuscitation, early effective antibiotic use.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 779-783, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-869745

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the therapeutic effect of low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave (Li-ESW) in model rats with chronic prostatitis and its optimal parameters.Methods:From April to August 2019, 90 healthy male SD rats aged 8 weeks were randomly divided into control group (group C, n=15), model group (group M, n=15) and shock wave treatment group (group T, n=60), which were treated with Li-ESW after being modeled successfully. The rats in group T were supine and treated with focused Li-ESW, and the probe was placed above the anatomical position of the prostate. Treatment scheme was 3 Hz of frequency, 500 pulses, and once a week for 4 weeks. Group T was divided into group T1(0.09 mJ/mm 2), T2(0.20 mJ/mm 2), T3(0.30 mJ/mm 2) and T4(0.40 mJ/mm 2) according to energy flux density, with 15 rats in each group. Before the establishment of the model, the rats in each group were tested with von Frey fiber of 2 g, 4 g and 6 g at the scrotum respectively, and the positive reaction was recorded. There was no significant difference between the three groups ( P>0.05). After one week, the rat model with CP was established by injecting 3% carrageenan into the bilateral lobes of the prostate under anesthesia. And one week after the modeling was completed, the rats in each group underwent von Frey test again to measure pain and evaluate the modeling effects. Group T was then treated once a week for a 4-week period. During the treatment, von Frey test was performed before each treatment to evaluate the treatment effect of the previous week. After the von Frey test for one, two and four weeks of treatment, 5 rats were sacrificed in each group, and the bilateral lobes of the prostate were dissected under aseptic conditions for paraffin inclusion and HE staining. Result:The positive reaction in group M and each group T was significantly more than those in group C ( P<0.001) one week after the modeling was completed, and there was no significant difference between group M and group T. The number of positive reactions in group T2 was lower than that in group M at each time point after treatment ( P<0.05), and it is also less in group T1, T3 and T4 were than that in group M after 3 weeks, 3 and 4 weeks and 2 weeks respectively( P<0.05). In group T2, the number of positive reactions began to decrease after 1 week of treatment, and reached the lowest after 4 weeks, with significant difference in pain measurement results at different time points ( P<0.05). The results of pathological examination showed that there were more inflammatory cells in prostatic stroma and disordered arrangement of epithelial cells in group M than that in group C. The pathological scores of group M, T1, T2, T3 and T4 were 8, 7, 4, 6, 9 after 1 week treatment, 8, 5, 3, 4, 7 points after 2 weeks treatment, and 7, 3, 2, 4, 7 points after 4 weeks treatment, respectively. Conclusions:Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave treatment had a significant effect on the improvement of symptoms in model rats with chronic prostatitis. Under the scheme of frequency 3 Hz, 500 pulses, once a week for 4 weeks, the optimal parameters is 0.20 mJ/mm 2.

5.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 62-68, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-709484

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish PKD2 gene recombinant lentivirus and to investigate its restorative effects on polycystin-2 and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathways in Pkd2-null cell lines.Methods From August 2016 to February 2017,PKD2 gene was cleaved from the pcDNA3.1-TM-PKD2 plasmid and was inserted into the pLV-sfGFP 2A Puro by restriction enzymes Xba Ⅰ and Xho Ⅰ.The recombinant pLV-sfGFP-PKD2 plasmid was sequenced to verify a correct construction.Then we obtained recombinant lentiviruses by co-transfecting 293T cells with recombinant plasmid and packaging plasmids.B3/D3 (Pkd2 +/-) and B2/E8 (Pkd2-/-) cell lines were used to evaluate the effectiveness of lentivirus,they were divided into experimental group,control group,blank group and treated with pLV-sfGFP-PKD2 virus,pLV-sfGFP virus or culture media,respectively.The expression of PC2 was detected by Western blotting and immunofluorescence staining.Finally the cell proliferation was evaluated by detecting of proliferating cell nuclear antigen.The changes of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway were evaluated by real-time quantitative PCR.Results Enzyme digestion analysis and DNA sequencing showed that the recombinant plasmid pLV-sfGFP-PKD2 was constructed successfully.After infected with pLV-sfGFP-PKD2 virus,the expression of PC2 in the experimental group B2 and E8 cells(0.668 ±0.013,0.763 ±0.021) was restored to the normal level,compared with control group B3 and D3 cells,respectively (0.687 ± 0.015,P =0.164;0.776 ± 0.008,P =0.409).The proliferative activity in experimental group B2 cells(0.573 ±0.010) was significantly lower than that in control group B2 cells (0.848 ±0.031,P <0.01),and was returned to the level of blank group B3 cells (0.585 ±0.017,P =0.369).Reexpression of PKD2 in experimental group B2 cells also reduced the expression of Wnt7a,β-catenin,back to blank group B3 cells' level(0.037 ±0.005 vs.0.037 ±0.004,P=0.969;0.554 ±0.008 vs.0.571 ±0.013,P =0.64).Conclusions The recombinant pLV-sfGFP-PKD2 lentivirus has been constructed successfully.The lentivirus could rectify the absence of PC2 in PKD2-null cell lines,by which the hyperactivated Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway and the abnormal cell proliferation caused by PC2 deficiency could be also restored to normal levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 224-228, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-434948

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the change of intracellular calcium ion concentration in prostate smooth muscle cells of SD rats with chronic abacterial prostatitis under high potassium solution.Methods SD rats were divided into experiment group and control group.The CP model was set up by castration and estradiol injection.The PSMC was cultured and purified in vitro.Laser confocal scanning microscope was used after the ceils were incubated with Quest Fluo-8TM.The cells were treated with high potassium solution,and the change of fluorescence intensity was observed.Results The pathologic specimens of the experiment group showed typical pathologic characteristics of chronic prostatitis under light microscope,the control group without inflammation performance.Using immunocytochemistry method confirmed that the experiment group and the control group were prostate smooth muscle cells.The change of fluorescence intensity of [Ca2+] i in the experiment group and control group in the high potassium solution was 27.86 ± 9.88 and 7.61 ± 4.31.There were statistically significant differences between the two groups (P < 0.01).Conclusions High potassium solution cause intracellular calcium ion concentration increased.

7.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 199-202, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-425050

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo define the difference of urine analysis result,α1-microglobulin (α1-MG) and β2-microglobulin ( β2-MG) between those patients suffering from calcium oxalate stone,non-calcium oxalate stone and non-urolithiasis controls at the same time period.MethodsData from 100 patients admitted to the Department of Urology,First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from July,2010 to September,2010 were reviewed.66 patients (45 men,21 women) suffered from urolithiasis,and 34 patients (22 men,12 women) were non-urolithiasis.Patients' ages in urolithiasis group varied from 13 to 78 years and the male to female ratio was 2.1∶1.0.The patients in non-urolithiasis controlgroup aged from 12 to 80 years and the male to female ratio was 1.8∶1.0.Blood and urine were taken from the patient the next morning after admission.The biochemistry from blood and 24 h urine were measured by automatic biochemistry analyzer.The α 1-MG and β2-MG content were measured by radioimmunoassay.The stone compositions were analyzed by infrared spectroscopy.ResultsThere was difference in the levels of serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen among three groups ( P < 0.05).In controls,those with calcium oxalate stone had higher level of urinary α1-MG and β2-MG,but there were no differences in the urinary electrolyte levels.Group of non-calcium oxalate stones urinary uric acid levels were higher than calcium oxalate and control groups,the difference was statistically significant.ConclusionsIn the formation of uric acid stones,uric acid increased as independent risk factors.α1-MG,β2-MG may promote the formation of calcium oxalate stones.

8.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 296-299, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-418582

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the prevalence and relevant factors of psychological disorders in patients with premature ejaculation (PE). Methods From September 2009 to October 2010,we employed the Self- Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS),Chinese Index of Sexual Function for Premature Ejaculation ( CIPE-5 ),NIH-Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index (NIH-CPSI),International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5) and self-designed questionnaire to investigate the psychological status of 1164 patients with PE.The relevance between scores of SAS,SDS and such parameters as NIH-CPSI score,CIPE-5 score,erectile function,age,disease duration,occupation,education,personality characteristics and other factors were evaluated. Results The SAS and SDS scores of 1,164 cases with PE were 43.87 ± 10.53,44.05 ±9.81,respectively.If the cut-off points were set at SAS ≥ 50 and SDS ≥53,341 (29.3%) of cases had symptoms of anxiety and 217( 18.6% ) patients had symptoms of depression.The SAS,SDS scores and detection rate of anxiety and depression were correlated with the CIPE-5 score,NIH-CPSI score,erectile function and duration of disease,personality characteristics ( P < 0.05),while they were not correlated with age,occupation,and education. Conclusions Psychological disorders widely exist in patients with PE and may have a close relationship with a variety of factors.

9.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 819-822, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-417474

ABSTRACT

Objective To discuss the clinical features of bilateral multiple renal angiomyolipomas (RAML) with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC).Methods Clinical data of 10 cases of bilateral multiple RAML associated with TSC treated from Jan.2003 to Dec.2010 were retrospectively reviewed.There were 4 males and 6 females in the study group,aged from 18 to 45 years,with an average age of 34 years.Three cases were treated urgently due to RAML hemorrhage.Five cases were treated due to back pain.One case was treated for hematuria.One case was diagnosed during physical examination.Facial angiofibroma occurred in 7 cases and facial flat speckle in 1 case.Epilepsy was indentified in 6 cases.Four cases had hypophrenia and 2 cases presented with symptoms of the classic triad:epilepsy,facial angiofibroma and hypophrenia.One case underwent urgent selective transcatheter arterial embolization (SEA).Eight cases (9 sides) underwent renal sparing operation.Conservative therapy was adopted in 2 cases.ResultsThe SEA was done successfully and bleeding ceased.AⅡ surgeries were completed successfully.The diameter of the biggest tumor resected was 8.0 cm.The number of tumors resected was 2 - 6,with an average of 3.5.The mean operative time was 70 min (range 50 to 120 min).The mean time of controlling the renal artery was 26 min.The mean intraoperative hemorrhage was 150 ml.One case required a blood transfusion.None of the cases re-hemorrhaged after operation.Pathology revealed RAML.There was no recurrence in 8 cases and follow-up ranged from 3 to 60 months,with an average of 25 months.A hemorrhage did occur on the oppositer side in 1 case 4 months after surgery.In 2 cases,a conservative therapy of regular monitoring and follow-up at 24 and 36 months was chosen.The serum creatinine of all the patients was in a normal range.Conclusions The bilateral multiple RAML associated with TSC must be diagnosed as soon as possible and treated depending on the size,location and developing circumstance of the tumor in a timely fashion.Renal sparing surgery and SEA are effective therapies.

10.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 189-191, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-413924

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the diagnosis and treatment for complications of renal caliceal diverticulum with calculi or infection. Methods A retrospective investigation was performed on 29 cases with renal caliceal diverticulum. The 29 cases included 11 males and 18 females aged 18 to 61 years. Among the study group, 3 cases were simple renal caliceal diverticulum, 12 cases were diagnosed as diverticular calculi and 14 cases presented recurrent urinary tract infections including 3 cases with urinary fistula after unroofing and decompression as renal simple cyst from another hospital. Ten cases underwent an open operation that unroofed and decompressed the cyst, and sutured the diverticular neck. Eight cases underwent laparoscopic operation similar to the open operation, including lithotomy in caliceal diverticulum in 2 cases. Eleven cases diagnosed with caliceal diverticular calculi were taken one-stage percutaneous nephrolithotomy including dilating the diverticular neck, remaining the nephrostomy catheter and Double-J ureteral stents, and 1 case was transferred to open operation.Results The open and laparoscopic operations were performed successfully. One case was cured by Double-J ureteral stenting after postoperative urinary leakage. One case was transferred to open operation for the failure of percutaneous puncturation. X-ray examination revealed that there were no remaining stones after the operation. All the patients were followed up for 6 to 24 months without calculi and infection recurrence. Conclusions Stones and infection are common that complications of renal caliceal diverticulum. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy, laparoscopy and other operations were effective and feasible treatment options for cases with complications of renal caliceal diverticulum. Exact diagnosis was very important for treatment of renal caliceal diverticulum before operation.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 591-594, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-387391

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of reptroperitoneal laparoscopic operation on the parameters of platelet, D-dimer and thrombomodulin(TM). Methods Forty cases were divided into two groups according to the operative way, retroperitoneal laparoscopic operation (n= 20) and open operation (n=20). Blood samples were taken preoperatively and at the end of the surgery. The following parameters were measured and compared within each group and between groups: platelet count (PLT), mean platelet volume (MPV), platelet distributionwidth(PDW), D-dimer, TM. ResultsThere were no significant differences for the PLT, PDW, MPV, TM and D-dimer between before and after operation in each group. There was no difference between 2 groups either for all these indicators.No patients from either group suffered thrombosis or abnormal bleeding as a pastoperative complication. Conclusion Compared with the conventional operation, retroperitoneal laparoscopic operation dioesd not induce more change on parameters of platelet, D-dimer and TM.

12.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 434-436, 2004.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-308332

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the prevalence of sexual dysfunction in chronic prostatitis patients and its relation with patients' age and the course of disease.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Questionnaire surveys were completed by 2 000 subjects who met the criteria for chronic prostatitis after clinical examination and expressed prostatic secretion analysis. Included in the questionnaire were: (1) age, height, weight, occupation, course of disease and treatment received; (2) NIH-CPSI; and (3) IIEF-5.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with chronic prostatitis was 49.0% : 26.2% of the subjects with premature ejaculation, 15.0% with erectile dysfunction and 7.7% with both premature ejaculation and erectile dysfunction.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The prevalence of sexual dysfunction in patients with chronic prostatitis is high, which is negatively correlated with both the age of the patients (P < 0.001) and the course of the disease (P < 0.001).</p>


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Age Factors , Chronic Disease , Prostatitis , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Epidemiology
13.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12)2001.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-539849

ABSTRACT

Objective To measure the concentration of electrolytes such as potassium,sodium,chloride,calcium in EPS and urine of patients with chronic prostatitis and to analyze the correlation of the electrolytes in different patient groups. Methods The concentrations of potassium,sodium,chloride and calcium in EPS and urine of 31 controls and 79 patients with prostatitis were measured and analyzed. Results There was no significant difference between the patients and normal controls in electrolytical concentration of potassium,sodium,calcium except chloride (P=0.001).The concentration of chloride in the patients was significantly higher than that in the normal controls.In the treatment effective group, potassium concentrations were decreased from 40.66?17.10 to 33.42?17.27 mmol/L after treatment.In the treatment ineffective group, potassium concentrations were (37.57?16.93)mmol/L before treatment and 50.66?18.77 mmol/L after treatment.Potassium concentrations were 36.02?12.36 and 48.90?16.93 mmol/L in the pain group and painless group,respectively.There were positive correlations between the concentrations of potassium and calcium of EPS,sodium and chloride of urine as well. Conclusions The concentrations of potassium in EPS are obviously different between the effective group and ineffective group or the pain group and painless group.There is a close relationship between the concentration of potassium and calcium of EPS,sodium and chloride of urine; and they are positively correlated.

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