Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 256
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992750

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical efficacy of reconstructing the calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular ligaments with the autologous semitendinosus for chronic bifurcate ligament injury.Methods:A retrospective study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 12 patients with chronic bifurcate ligament injury who had been treated by anatomical reconstruction with the autologous semitendinosus from March 2018 to January 2021 at Department of Foot and Ankle Surgery, The Fourth Hospital of Wuhan. There were 4 males and 8 females with an age of (41.4±9.6) years. Seven left and 5 right feet were affected; the time from injury to surgery was (9.3±4.3) months. The surgical efficacy was evaluated based on anteroposterior and lateral imaging assessments of foot weight-bearing at 6 months postoperation, comparison of the visual analogue scale (VAS) pain scores for foot weight-bearing walking and the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) midfoot scores between preoperation and the last follow-up, stress test for stability of the transverse tarsal joint, recovery of movement, and occurrence of complications.Results:All patients were followed up for (18.4±4.0) months. Their sports activities were completely resumed after postoperative (6.8±3.9) months. Primary wound healing was achieved in all patients. One patient suffered from cutaneous nerve lesion and skin numbness, the symptoms of which disappeared after conservative treatment. Double harmonic curves were observed on the anteroposterior and lateral imaging films of foot weight-bearing in all patients. The spaces in the calcaneocuboid and the calcaneonavicular joints were normal, the articular positions were matched, and the calcaneocuboid joint was stable without recurrence or worsening of displacement. The VAS decreased significantly from preoperative 6.5 (5.6, 7.0) to 0.0 (0.0, 1.0) at the last follow-up, and the AOFAS mid-foot score increased significantly from preoperative (55.6±8.8) points to (92.3±2.6) points at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The stress test for the stability of the transverse tarsal joint showed joint stability. Conclusion:Reconstruction of the calcaneocuboid and calcaneonavicular ligaments using the autologous semitendinosus is an alternative treatment for patients with chronic bifurcate ligament injury, because it can restore the stability of the bifurcate ligament and obviously improve the foot and ankle functions with limited postoperative complications.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982110

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression level of exosome derived miR-181b-5p in different disease stages of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and its relationship with clinical characteristics.@*METHODS@#Bone marrow plasma samples of 86 children with ALL were collected. Exosomes were extracted by exosome extraction kit, and RNA in exosomes was extracted by TRIzol method. The levels of miR-181b-5p in the blood plasma exosomes of the patients in the newly diagnosed group, relapse group, remission group and control group were detected by qRT- PCR. The difference of miR-181b-5p expression level in each group was compared and analyzed, and the relationship between miR-181b-5p expression level and clinical characteristics was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The expression level of exosomal miR-181b-5p in the newly diagnosed group and the relapsed group was significantly lower than that in the remission group and the control group (P< 0.05). The expression level of exosomal miR-181b-5p in T-ALL children was higher than that in B-ALL children (P<0.05). The expression level of plasma exosomal miR-181b-5p in male children was higher than that in female children (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#Exosome derived miR-181b-5p changes dynamically in the course of ALL children, and can be used as a marker miRNA to monitor disease status. Exosomes can transmit information in the tumor microenvironment and serve as a potential carrier for biomolecular targeted therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Exosomes/metabolism , Clinical Relevance , MicroRNAs/genetics , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment
3.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 793-799, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012234

ABSTRACT

Objective: Murine CD19 chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CAR-T) products have been approved for the treatment of refractory/relapsed (R/R) B-cell acute lymphocytic leukemia (B-ALL) ; moreover, humanized products are also undergoing clinical trials. This study aimed to explore the differences in safety and short- and long-term follow-up efficacy between humanized and murine CD19 CAR-T-cells for treating relapsed and refractory B-ALL. Methods: Clinical data of 80 patients with R/R B-ALL treated with CD19-targeted CAR-T-cells at the Union Hospital of Tongji Medical College of Huazhong University of Science and Technology between May 2016 and March 2023 were analyzed, which included 31 patients with murine CAR-T and 49 with humanized products. Results: The proportion of patients with cytokine-release syndrome (CRS) in the murine and humanized groups was 63.1% and 65.3%, respectively. Moreover, a higher proportion of patients suffered from severe CRS in the murine group than in the humanized CAR-T group (19.4% vs 8.2%, P=0.174). Furthermore, one patient per group died of grade 5 CRS. The incidence of grade 1-2 immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS) was 12.9% and 6.1%, respectively; severe ICANS were not observed. Among patients receiving murine CAR-T-cells, an overall response (OR) was observed in 74.2%. Conversely, the OR rate of patients receiving humanized CAR-T-cells was 87.8%. During the median follow-up time of 10.5 months, the median recurrence-free survival (RFS) of patients with murine CAR-T-cells was 12 months, which was as long as that of patients with humanized CAR-T-cells. The median overall survival (OS) were not reached in both groups. Of the 45 patients with a bone marrow burden over 20% at baseline, humanized CAR-T therapy was associated with a significantly improved RFS (43.25% vs 33.33%, P=0.027). Bridging transplantation was an independent factor in prolonging OS (χ(2)=8.017, P=0.005) and PFS (χ(2)=6.584, P=0.010). Common risk factors, such as age, high proportion of bone marrow blasts, and BCR-ABL fusion gene expression, had no significant effect on patients' long-term follow-up outcomes. Three patients reached complete remission after reinfusion of humanized CAR-T-cells. However, one patient relapsed one month after his second infusion of murine CAR-T-cells. Conclusions: The results indicate that humanized CAR-T therapy showed durable efficacy in patients with a higher tumor burden in the bone marrow without any influence on safety. Moreover, it could overcome immunogenicity-induced CAR-T resistance, providing treatment options for patients who were not treated successfully with CAR-T therapies.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antigens, CD19 , Burkitt Lymphoma/drug therapy , Cell- and Tissue-Based Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Immunotherapy, Adoptive , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/drug therapy , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Receptors, Chimeric Antigen
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 41-47, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish and validate a nomogram model for predicting the risk of microvascular invasion(MVI) in hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: The clinical data of 210 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who underwent hepatectomy at Department of Hepatobiliary and Pancreatic Surgery,the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2013 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 169 males and 41 females, aged(M(IQR)) 57(12)years(range:30 to 80 years). The patients were divided into model group(the first 170 cases) and validation group(the last 40 cases) according to visit time. Based on the clinical data of the model group,rank-sum test and multivariate Logistic regression analysis were used to screen out the independent related factors of MVI. R software was used to establish a nomogram model to predict the preoperative MVI risk of hepatocellular carcinoma,and the validation group data were used for external validation. Results: Based on the modeling group data,the receiver operating characteristic curve was used to determine that cut-off value of DeRitis ratio,γ-glutamyltransferase(GGT) concentration,the inverse number of activated peripheral blood T cell ratio (-aPBTLR) and the maximum tumor diameter for predicting MVI, which was 0.95((area under curve, AUC)=0.634, 95%CI: 0.549 to 0.719), 38.2 U/L(AUC=0.604, 95%CI: 0.518 to 0.689),-6.05%(AUC=0.660, 95%CI: 0.578 to 0.742),4 cm(AUC=0.618, 95%CI: 0.533 to 0.703), respectively. Univariate and multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that DeRitis≥0.95,GGT concentration ≥38.2 U/L,-aPBTLR>-6.05% and the maximum tumor diameter ≥4 cm were independent related factors for MVI in hepatocellular carcinoma patients(all P<0.05). The nomogram prediction model based on the above four factors established by R software has good prediction efficiency. The C-index was 0.758 and 0.751 in the model group and the validation group,respectively. Decision curve analysis and clinical impact curve showed that the nomogram model had good clinical benefits. Conclusions: DeRitis ratio,serum GGT concentration,-aPBTLR and the maximum tumor diameter are valuable factors for preoperative prediction of hepatocellular carcinoma with MVI. A relatively reliable nomogram prediction model could be established on them.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Nomograms , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 63-75, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964308

ABSTRACT

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry imaging (MALDI-MSI) is a new imaging technique with label-free, rapid, and high throughput features. It has bloomed in the analysis on the spatial distribution of biomolecules such as drugs, metabolites, peptides and proteins on the tissue surface in virtue of providing high data throughput from non-targeted full analysis and high accuracy from targeted analysis. The acquisition of MSI signal response with high sensitivity, high spatial resolution, and good stability is directly depended on the appropriate sample preparation approaches, and flexible and various data processing tools will help the non-target data mining to meet the demands of visualization, spatial distribution and multiple index applications so as to reveal the scientific rules beneath the data. This review briefly summarizes the key advances in MALDI-MSI from aspects of sample preparation procedures, data processing and visualization. It also illustrates the characteristics, difficulties and probable solutions derived from these key techniques.

6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1144-1154, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980900

ABSTRACT

Tumor chemoprevention and treatment are two approaches aimed at improving the survival of patients with cancers. An ideal anti-tumor drug is that which not only kills tumor cells but also alleviates tumor-causing risk factors, such as precancerous lesions, and prevents tumor recurrence. Chinese herbal monomers are considered to be ideal treatment agents due to their multi-target effects. Astragaloside has been shown to possess tumor chemoprevention, direct anti-tumor, and chemotherapeutic drug sensitization effects. In this paper, we review the effects of astragaloside on tumor prevention and treatment and provide directions for further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chemoprevention , Antineoplastic Agents , Neoplasms/prevention & control , Saponins/pharmacology , Triterpenes/pharmacology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985513

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish reference values for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) of adult dwellers in Shenzhen City. Methods: The study was conducted based on the Shenzhen heart failure epidemiological survey from 2021 to 2022. In this survey, residents aged 18 years and above in Shenzhen were selected by using a multi-stage stratified random sampling method. General information, cardiovascular disease (CVD) related behavior and carotid ultrasound examination and etc. were collected from the participants. People with CVD factors, a history of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, carotid plaque or having no carotid ultrasound examination results were excluded. The parameter regression model based on fractional polynomial was used to establish the reference values of CIMT by age and sex. Results: A total of 2 163 healthy individuals were enrolled in the final analysis, including 576 males (26.6%) and 1 587 females (73.4%). The fractional polynomial regression of the CIMT mean and standard deviation was obtained. For men, the regression was meanCIMT=0.324 7+0.006 9×age and SDCIMT=0.076 9+0.001 2×age. For women, the regression was meanCIMT=0.354 9+0.005 4×age and SDCIMT=0.041 6+0.002 0×age. Conclusion: The age and sex reference values for CIMT of adult people in Shenzhen established in this study could provide the latest reference standards for early screening of subclinical CVD.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Adult , Female , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Cardiovascular Diseases , Reference Values , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Carotid Arteries , Risk Factors , Carotid Artery Diseases
8.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 579-585, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the technical performance of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) and evaluate its forensic application value.@*METHODS@#Following the Criterion of Forensic Science Human Fluorescence STR Multiplex Amplification Reagent (GB/T 37226-2018), IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was verified in 11 aspects of species specificity, veracity, sensibility, adaptability, inhibitor tolerance, consistency, balance, reaction condition verification, mixed samples, stability and inter batch consistency. The system efficiency of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was compared with the PowerPlex® Fusion 6C System, VersaPlex® 27PY System and VeriFilerTM Plus PCR Amplification Kit. The IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was used to detect the swabs of biological samples in daily cases and the STR performances were observed.@*RESULTS@#IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) had good species specificity, veracity, adaptability, inhibitor tolerance and balance. The sensibility was up to 0.062 5 ng. It was able to detect different types of samples, degraded samples and inhibitor mixed samples. Complete DNA typing could be obtained for samples with the mixture ratio less than 4∶1. The system efficiency of IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) was very high, with TDP up to 1-1.08×10-37, CPEtrio and CPEduo up to 1-5.47×10-14 and 1-6.43×10-9, respectively. For the touched biological samples in actual cases, the effective detection rate was 21.05%. The system efficiency of kinship, single parent and full sibling identifications was effectively improved.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The IDentifier DNA typing kit (YanHuang34) is adaptive to the GB/T 37226-2018 requirements. It can be used for individual identification and paternity identification, and is suitable for application in the field of forensic science.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA Fingerprinting , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Microsatellite Repeats , Paternity , Species Specificity
9.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2512-2521, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999114

ABSTRACT

To investigate the crucial role of particle size in the biological effects of nanoparticles, a series of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs) were prepared with particle size gradients (50, 100, 150, 200 nm) with the traditional Stober method and adjusting the type and ratio of the silica source. The correlation between toxicity and size-caused biological effects were then further examined both in vitro and in vivo. The results indicated that the prepared MSNs had a uniform size, good dispersal, and ordered mesoporous structure. Hemolytic toxicity was found to be independent of particle size. At the cellular level, MSNs with smaller particle sizes were more readily internalized by cells, which initiated to more intense oxidative stress, therefor inducing higher cytotoxicity, and apoptosis rate. In vivo studies demonstrated that MSNs primarily accumulated in the liver and kidneys of mice. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that larger MSNs were eliminated more efficiently by the urinary system than smaller MSNs. The mice's body weight monitoring, blood tests, and pathological sections of major organs indicated good biocompatibility for MSNs of different sizes. Animal welfare and the animal experimental protocols were strictly consistent with related ethics regulations of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University. Overall, this study prepared MSNs with a particle size gradient to investigate the correlation between toxicity and particle size using macrophages and endothelial cells. The study also examined the biosafety of MSNs with different particle sizes in vivo and in vitro, which could help to improve the safety design strategy of MSNs for drug delivery systems.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928720

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical features, distribution of pathogenic bacteria, and drug resistance of bloodstream infection in children with acute leukemia.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 93 blood culture-positive children with acute leukemia from January 2015 to December 2019 in Department of Pediatrics, The Second Hospital of Anhui Medical University were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#In these 93 cases, 78 cases were in the period of neutrophil deficiency. There were 54 Gram-negative bacteria (G-) (58.1%) found through blood culture, and the top 4 strains were Escherichia coli (15.1%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (13.9%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (6.5%), and Enterobacter cloacae (6.5%). There were 39 Gram-positive bacteria (G+) (41.9%) detected, and the top 4 strains were Staphylococcus epidermidis (10.8%), Streptococcus pneumoniae (6.5%), Staphylococcus hemolyticus (5.4%), and Staphylococcus human (5.4%). Among 74 strains of pathogenic bacteria from acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) children, there were 29 strains of G+ bacteria (39.2%) and 45 strains of G- bacteria (60.8%). While in 19 strains from acute myeloblastic leukemia (AML) patients, G- bacteria accounted for 47.4% and G+ bacteria accounted for 52.6%. In 15 ALL children without neutropenia, G+ bacteria made up the majority of the strains (66.7%). In the 93 strains of pathogenic bacteria, 13 (13.9%) strains were multidrug-resistant. Among them, extended-spectrum β-lactamases accounted for 42.9%, carbapenemase-resistant enzyme Klebsiella pneumoniae 15.4%, and carbapenemase-resistant enzyme Enterobacter cloacae strains 33.3%, which were detected from G- bacteria. While, 13.3% of methicillin-resistant coagulase-negative Staphylococci accounted for 13.3% detected from G+ bacteria, but linezolid, vancomycin, teicoplanin Staphylococcus and Enterococcus resistant were not found. The average procalcitonin (PCT) value of G- bacteria infection was (11.02±20.282) ng/ml, while in G+ infection it was (1.81±4.911) ng/ml, the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The mean value of C-reactive protein (CRP) in G- infection was (76.33±69.946) mg/L, and that in G+ infection was (38.34±57.951) mg/L. The prognosis of active treatment was good, and only one case died of septic shock complicated with disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and gastrointestinal bleeding caused by carbapenemase-resistant enzyme enterobacteriaceae.@*CONCLUSION@#G- is the major bacteria in acute leukemia children with bloodstream infection, but the distribution of ALL and AML strains is different. G- bacteria dominates in ALL, while G+ bacteria and G- bacteria are equally distributed in AML. Non-agranulocytosis accompanied by bloodstream infections is dominant by G+ bacteria. The mean value of PCT and CRP are significantly higher in G- bacteria infection than in G+ bacteria.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Acute Disease , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bacteremia/microbiology , Bacteria , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/drug therapy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/drug therapy , Procalcitonin , Retrospective Studies , Sepsis/drug therapy
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923026

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effect and mechanism of epigallocatechol gallate (EGCG) combined with trastuzu-mab on the proliferation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) overexpressing breast cancer cells. Methods Trastuzumab was expressed and purified. The cell proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells BT474 and SK-BR-3 treated with trastuzumab, EGCG, or trastuzumab plus EGCG was evaluated by CCK8 assay. The effects of EGCG and trastuzumab on the expression of HER2, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR), mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), protein kinase B (Akt), and their phosphorylated proteins in BT474 breast cancer cells were detected by Western blot. Results The results of cell proliferation assay indicated that EGCG and trastuzumab, alone or in combination, effectively inhibited the proliferation of BT-474 and SK-BR-3 cells. And within a certain concentration range, EGCG and trastuzumab showed a synergistic proliferation inhibitory effect on HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells. Consistent with these results, Western blot results showed that trastuzumab and EGCG, alone or in combination significantly reduced the phosphorylation levels of Akt, MAPK, EGFR, and HER2 in BT474 cells. Moreover, the inhibition effect of EGCG plus trastuzumab was significantly more potent than either EGCG or trastuzumab. Conclusion EGCG and trastuzumab could synergistically inhibit the proliferation of HER2 overexpressing breast cancer cells, which may be related to the regulation of Akt and MAPK signaling pathways.

12.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 499-504, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-954240

ABSTRACT

Thoracic endovascular aortic repair has served as the predominant treatment approach for patients with thoracic aortic diseases. In order to ensure the successful release of the stent as well as a good proximal anchoring effect, it is necessary to preserve or reconstruct the left subclavian supply as much as possible. With the advance of various endovascular assistive technologies, different left subclavian artery revascularization techniques have gained widespread acceptance. So far, techniques include carotid-subclavian bypass or transposition, chimney grafts, fenestrations, branched aortic devices can reconstruct the left subclavian artery and other branch vessels on the arch. This article reviewed the present situation of left subclavian artery reconstruction and the selection of surgical methods of thoracic endovascular aortic repair.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928280

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical significance and related factors of drainage tube after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy(PELD).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 151 patients with lumbar disc herniation who underwent PELD from January 2019 to September 2019 was retrospectively analyzed. According to whether the drainage tube was used after operation, the patients were divided into drainage tube group and non drainage tube group. The placement time and total drainage volume were recorded. The characteristics of patients, such as age, gender, body mass index, lumbar disc herniation segment, smoking history, basic diseases and whether taking anticoagulants, were analyzed by single factor and multiple factor.@*RESULTS@#Drainage tubes were used in 32 patients after PELD. There were statistical differences in visual analogue scale(VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Assiciation(JOA) scores between postoperative and preoperative of that in two groups(P<0.05). There were statistical differences in VAS and JOA scores at discharge between two groups(P<0.05), while there were no statistical differences at other time points(P>0.05). Univariate analysis showed that age, basic diseases and whether taking anticoagulants were related to the use of drainage tube, but gender, body mass index, lumbar disc herniation segment and smoking history were not significantly related to the use of drainage tube. Multivariate analysis showed that elderly patients, complicated with hypertension and diabetes, taking anticoagulants were related to the use of drainage tube.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of drainage tube after percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy can improve the symptoms of lumbar and leg pain in early stage. For elderly patients with hypertension, diabetes and taking anticoagulants drugs, drainage tube can be considered after transforaminal endoscopy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Diskectomy/adverse effects , Diskectomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Drainage , Endoscopy , Intervertebral Disc Displacement/surgery , Lumbar Vertebrae/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 478-485, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935629

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the current development status of gastric cancer (GC) randomized controlled trials (RCT) between 2000 and 2019, and to review the basic characteristics of published RCT. Methods: ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for phase 3 or 4 RCT conducted between January 2000 and December 2019 with the keyword "gastric cancer", and the development trend of different types of RCT during different time periods was described. Basic features of registered RCT such as intervention, study area, single-center or multicenter, sample size, and funding were presented. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched to judge the publication status of studies completed until June 2016. The adequacy of the report was estimated by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist. Design flaws were evaluated by Cochrane tool and/or whether a systematic literature review was cited. The data was analyzed by χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results: There were 262 RCT including in the present study. The number of GC-RCT registered on ClinicalTrials.gov had been on the rise from 1 case in 2000 to 30 cases in 2015. The proportion of RCT associated with targeted therapy or immunotherapy increased from 0 during 2000-2004 to 37.1% (36/97) during 2015-2019. The RCT registered in Asia was 191 cases, while that in non-Asia region was 71 cases. The proportion of multi-center RCT from non-Asia was higher than that from Asia (70.4% (50/71) vs. 50.3% (96/191), χ²=8.527, P=0.003). The proportion of RCT published was 59.1% (81/137). Among the published RCT, 65 (80.2%) studies were reported adequately, but 63 (77.8%) studies had avoidable design limitations. Conclusions: Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have become research hotspots in the treatment of GC. At present, there are inadequate multicenter RCT in Asia, and the publication rate of RCT is low. A considerable number of published RCT are reported inadequately and have avoidable design flaws.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multicenter Studies as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Stomach Neoplasms/therapy
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 479-486, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935625

ABSTRACT

Objectives: To analyze the current development status of gastric cancer (GC) randomized controlled trials (RCT) between 2000 and 2019, and to review the basic characteristics of published RCT. Methods: ClinicalTrials.gov was searched for phase 3 or 4 RCT conducted between January 2000 and December 2019 with the keyword "gastric cancer", and the development trend of different types of RCT during different time periods was described. Basic features of registered RCT such as intervention, study area, single-center or multicenter, sample size, and funding were presented. PubMed and Scopus databases were searched to judge the publication status of studies completed until June 2016. The adequacy of the report was estimated by the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) checklist. Design flaws were evaluated by Cochrane tool and/or whether a systematic literature review was cited. The data was analyzed by χ2 test or Fisher exact test. Results: There were 262 RCT including in the present study. The number of GC-RCT registered on ClinicalTrials.gov had been on the rise from 1 case in 2000 to 30 cases in 2015. The proportion of RCT associated with targeted therapy or immunotherapy increased from 0 during 2000-2004 to 37.1% (36/97) during2015-2019. The RCT registered in Asia was 191 cases, while that in non-Asia region was 71 cases. The proportion of multi-center RCT from non-Asia was higher than that from Asia (70.4% (50/71) vs. 50.3% (96/191), χ²=8.527, P=0.003). The proportion of RCT published was 59.1% (81/137). Among the published RCT, 65 (80.2%) studies were reported adequately, but 63 (77.8%) studies had avoidable design limitations. Conclusions: Targeted therapy and immunotherapy have become research hotspots in the treatment of GC. At present, there are inadequate multicenter RCT in Asia, and the publication rate of RCT is low. A considerable number of published RCT are reported inadequately and have avoidable design flaws.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958787

ABSTRACT

Objective:To understand main problems existing in the construction of advanced stroke centers in China and put forward solutions, for reference in promoting the standardization construction of advanced stroke centers and improving the efficiency of acute stroke treatment.Methods:The data were derived from relevant data of on-site export guidance in the construction of advanced stroke centers at 175 tertiary hospitals from 2020 to 2021, and the scores of on-site evaluation indicators for the establishment of stroke centers and their formal approval were compared and analyzed. Based on on-site investigation and expert consultation, the common problems existing in the construction of advanced stroke centers were summarized. All data were analyzed by descriptive analysis, the scores of on-site evaluation indicators were expressed by ± s, and paired t test was used for comparison between groups. Results:Compared with the total score(693.04±72.06) of on-site evaluation at the stage of project launch, the total score(747.94±78.10) of on-site evaluation for formal approval of stroke centers of 70 hospitals was higher, and the difference was significant( P<0.01). There were seven common problems in the construction of stroke centers in 175 hospitals, including insufficient attention paid by hospitals, lack of effective performance incentive policies, imperfect treatment procedures and medical norms, and so on. Conclusions:Experts on-site guidance plays an important role in the construction of stroke centers in China. At present, there were still problems to tackle in the construction of stroke centers in hospitals. In order to promote the standardized construction of stroke centers in China and improve the efficiency of stroke treatment, the authors suggest fuorther strengthening the importance attached by hospital leadership and the coordination and organization of functional departments, establishing stroke center models conforming to the actual situation of the hospital, seting up the post of brain and heart health manager, and improving the regional prevention and treatment level of acute stroke.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936084

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a neural network model for predicting lymph node metastasis in patients with stage II-III gastric cancer. Methods: Case inclusion criteria: (1) gastric adenocarcinoma diagnosed by pathology as stage II-III (the 8th edition of AJCC staging); (2) no distant metastasis of liver, lung and abdominal cavity in preoperative chest film, abdominal ultrasound and upper abdominal CT; (3) undergoing R0 resection. Case exclusion criteria: (1) receiving preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy or radiotherapy; (2) incomplete clinical data; (3) gastric stump cancer.Clinicopathological data of 1231 patients with stage II-III gastric cancer who underwent radical surgery at the Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from January 2010 to August 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 1035 patients with lymph node metastasis were confirmed after operation, and 196 patients had no lymph node metastasis. According to the postoperative pathologic staging. 416 patients (33.8%) were stage Ⅱ and 815 patients (66.2%) were stage III. Patients were randomly divided into training group (861/1231, 69.9%) and validation group (370/1231, 30.1%) to establish an artificial neural network model (N+-ANN) for the prediction of lymph node metastasis. Firstly, the Logistic univariate analysis method was used to retrospectively analyze the case samples of the training group, screen the variables affecting lymph node metastasis, determine the variable items of the input point of the artificial neural network, and then the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) to train N+-ANN. The input layer of N+-ANN was composed of the variables screened by Logistic univariate analysis. Artificial intelligence analyzed the status of lymph node metastasis according to the input data and compared it with the real value. The accuracy of the model was evaluated by drawing the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and obtaining the area under the curve (AUC). The ability of N+-ANN was evaluated by sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive values, negative predictive values, and AUC values. Results: There were no significant differences in baseline data between the training group and validation group (all P>0.05). Univariate analysis of the training group showed that preoperative platelet to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), preoperative systemic immune inflammation index (SII), tumor size, clinical N (cN) stage were closely related to postoperative lymph node metastasis. The N+-ANN was constructed based on the above variables as the input layer variables. In the training group, the accuracy of N+-ANN for predicting postoperative lymph node metastasis was 88.4% (761/861), the sensitivity was 98.9% (717/725), the specificity was 32.4% (44/136), the positive predictive value was 88.6% (717/809), the negative predictive value was 84.6% (44/52), and the AUC value was 0.748 (95%CI: 0.717-0.776). In the validation group, N+-ANN had a prediction accuracy of 88.4% (327/370) with a sensitivity of 99.7% (309/310), specificity of 30.0% (18/60), positive predictive value of 88.0% (309/351), negative predictive value of 94.7% (18/19), and an AUC of 0.717 (95%CI:0.668-0.763). According to the individualized lymph node metastasis probability output by N+-ANN, the cut-off values of 0-50%, >50%-75%, >75%-90% and >90%-100% were applied and patients were divided into N0 group, N1 group, N2 group and N3 group. The overall prediction accuracy of N+-ANN for pN staging in the training group and the validation group was 53.7% and 54.1% respectively, while the overall prediction accuracy of cN staging for pN staging in the training group and the validation group was 30.1% and 33.2% respectively, indicating that N+-ANN had a better prediction than cN stage. Conclusions: The N+-ANN constructed in this study can accurately predict postoperative lymph node metastasis in patients with stage Ⅱ-Ⅲ gastric cancer. The N+-ANN based on individualized lymph node metastasis probability has better accurate prediction for pN staging as compared to cN staging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging , Neural Networks, Computer , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-988474

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of sulforaphane (SFN) on the proliferation and self-renewal of lung cancer stem cells and its regulatory mechanism. Methods MTT method was used to detect the effect of SFN on the proliferation of lung adenocarcinoma cell lines H460 and A549; tumor sphere formation experiment was used to detect the ability of tumor sphere formation; Western blot was applied to explore the expression of stemness-related proteins (such as β-catenin, Klf4, c-myc) in lung adenocarcinoma cells before and after SFN treatment; NGS sequencing was used to analyze the effect of SFN on the expression profile of tumor cell miRNAs. qRT-PCR verified the changes in the transcription level of key miRNAs by SFN. Western blot was used to detect the effect of SFN on the expression of DNMTs in tumor cells. We constructed miR-200c promoter-GFP plasmid, and applied IF, methylation PCR and DNA sequencing methods to detect the effect of SFN on the methylation level of tumor spheres and miRNA promoter. Results The miRNAs expression profile of lung adenocarcinoma tumor spheres changed significantly after SFN (5.0μmol/L) treatment, and miRNA-200c increased the most. Compared with the control group, the expression of β-catenin, Klf4, c-myc and Vimentin genes in H460 and A549 cells of SFN-S group decreased, and the protein expression levels of DNMT1 and DNMT3a were also significantly decreased. Compared with the control group, H460 and A549 cells stably expressing pEGFP-R200c plasmid in SFN-S group significantly reduced tumor sphere diameter, while tumor sphere fluorescence intensity increased, and GFP protein expression was up-regulated. There were 9 CpG-rich regions in the miR-200c promoter region in the above-mentioned pEGFP-R200c plasmid cell line, and the methylation levels were 88.9%, 44.4% and 38.8% in the control group, SFN-S group and 5-Aza-dC group, respectively. Conclusion SFN may downregulate the expression of stem-related genes in lung cancer stem cells by epigenetically decreasing the methylation level of miR-200c promoter and promoting the transcription of miR-200c.

19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1123-1133, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913798

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to evaluate the effect of preoperative tumor staging deviation (PTSD) on the long-term survival of patients undergoing radical gastrectomy for gastric cancer (RGGC). @*Materials and Methods@#Clinicopathological data of 2,346 patients who underwent RGGC were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative tumor-lymph node-metastasis (TNM) under-staging group (uTNM) comprised patients who had earlier preoperative TNM than postoperative TNM, and the no preoperative under-staging group (nTNM) comprised the remaining patients. @*Results@#There were 1,031 uTNM (44.0%) and 1,315 nTNM cases (56.0%). Cox prognostic analysis revealed that PTSD independently affected the overall survival (OS) after surgery. The 5-year OS was lower in the uTNM group (41.8%) than in the nTNM group (71.6%). The patients less than 65 years old, with lower American Society of Anaesthesiologists score, 2-5 cm tumor located at the lower stomach, and cT1 or cN0 preoperative staging would more likely undergo D1+ lymph node dissection (LND) in uTNM (p 2 cm and body mass index ≤ 22.72 kg/m2 were independent risk factors of preoperative TNM tumor under-staging in patients with cT1N0M0 staging (p < 0.05). @*Conclusion@#Underestimated tumor staging is not rare, which possibly results in inadequate LND and affects the long-term survival for patients undergoing RGGC. D2 LND should be carefully performed in patients who are predisposed to this underestimation.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912286

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the short-term effects of staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching technique in the treatment of thoracoabdominal aorta.Methods:From January 2018 to December 2018, 22 patients with thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms underwent surgical treatment in Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital. Among them, 12 underwent staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching (AAD), and 10 underwent traditional thoracoabdominal aortic replacement (TAR). AAD consisted of two phases: the first phase of surgery was mid-opening, Y-type artificial blood vessels replaced the lower abdominal aorta and bilateral common iliac arteries, and the abdominal aortic branches were reconstructed at the same time: right branch artificial blood vessels-right renal artery-left renal artery, the left branch artificial blood vessel-superior mesenteric artery-common hepatic artery; the second phase was endovascular repair anchoring normal and long-term normal aorta or artificial blood vessel. The clinical effected of two methods for the treatment of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms were compared and analyzed.Results:The overall mortality rate was 13.6%, and the mortality rate in the TAR group increased significantly (0 vs. 30%). The main cause was dissection (91.7% vs. 90.0%, P=0.895). Crawford classification was predominantly type Ⅱ in both groups(58.3% vs. 50.0%, P=0.082). The proportion of patients with Marfan syndrome in the TAR group was higher (30% vs. 0, P=0.046). The TAR group was significantly more drained 24 h after surgery [(355.0±199.2)ml vs. (1244.0±716.1)ml, P= 0.003]. The TAR group had a higher proportion of lung infections (40% vs. 0, P= 0.018). The average cost was higher in the AAD group [(28.4±8.3) ten thousands yuan vs. (19.3±10.4) ten thousands yuan, P= 0.033]. Conclusion:The staged hybrid abdominal aortic debranching technique can effectively treat thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms. Compared with traditional thoracoabdominal aortic replacement, the surgical trauma is smaller but more expensive.

SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL