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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 57: e13192, fev.2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534072

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to explore the association between differential percentages of dendritic cell (DC) subsets in peripheral blood and malignancy (grade and lymph node metastasis) of peritoneal adenocarcinoma patients and the frequencies of dendritic cell subsets in the normal controls. The peripheral blood of 30 patients with peritoneal adenocarcinoma and 12 healthy controls were collected for multicolor flow cytometry analysis. Peritoneal adenocarcinoma patients were grouped according to the malignant degree (grade and lymph node metastasis). Percentages of myeloid DCs (mDCs) and its subsets MDC1 and MDC2 in DCs were lower in peripheral blood of patients with peritoneal adenocarcinoma than in normal controls. The percentages of plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and CD16+mDCs in DCs were higher than in normal controls. Compared with poor differentiation grade, patients with well/moderate differentiation grade had an increased percentage of CD16+mDCs. Contrary to CD16+mDCs, the percentage of MDC1 was lower in the well/moderate differentiation grade group. In patients with no lymph node metastasis, pDCs and CD16+mDCs levels were higher compared with patients with lymph node metastasis. mDCs and MDC1 levels had opposite results. pDCs were positively correlated with CD16+mDCs in peripheral blood of peritoneal patients, as was mDCs and MDC1. CD16+mDCs were negatively correlated with MDC1. The percentages of pDCs and CD16+mDCs in DCs were positively correlated with CD3+CD8+T cells, and pDCs also positively correlated with CD8+PD-1+T cells. Our results revealed that DCs subsets correlated with peritoneal adenocarcinoma malignancy. Dendritic cells play an independent role in the immune function of peritoneal adenocarcinoma.

2.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 173-184, feb. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528836

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Calcium-activated chloride channel regulator 1 (CLCA1) is associated with cancer progression. The expression and immunologic function of CLCA1 in stomach adenocarcinoma (STAD) remain unclear. In this investigation, the expression of CLCA1 in STAD tissues and its involvement in the progression and immune response of STAD were examined using databases such as cBioPortal, TISIDB, and UALCAN. In order to validate the expression level of CLCA1 protein in gastric adenocarcinoma, thirty clinical tissue specimens were gathered for immunohistochemical staining. The findings indicated a downregulation of CLCA1 in STAD patients, which was correlated with race, age, cancer grade, Helicobacter pylori infection, and molecular subtype. Through the examination of survival analysis, it was identified that diminished levels of CLCA1 within gastric cancer cases were linked to decreased periods of post-progression survival (PPS), overall survival (OS), and first progression (FP) (P<0.05). The CLCA1 mutation rate was lower in STAD, but the survival rate was higher in the variant group. The correlation between the expression level of CLCA1 and the levels of immune infiltrating cells in STAD, as well as the immune activating molecules, immunosuppressive molecules, MHC molecules, chemokines, and their receptor molecules, was observed. Gene enrichment analysis revealed that CLCA1 may be involved in STAD progression through systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), proteasome, cell cycle, pancreatic secretion, and PPAR signaling pathways. In summary, CLCA1 is anticipated to function as a prognostic marker for patients with STAD and is linked to the immunization of STAD.


El regulador 1 del canal de cloruro activado por calcio (CLCA1) está asociado con la progresión del cáncer. La expresión y la función inmunológica de CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma de estómago (STAD) aún no están claras. En esta investigación, se examinó la expresión de CLCA1 en tejidos STAD y su participación en la progresión y respuesta inmune de STAD utilizando bases de datos como cBioPortal, TISIDB y UALCAN. Para validar el nivel de expresión de la proteína CLCA1 en el adenocarcinoma gástrico, se recolectaron treinta muestras de tejido clínico para tinción inmunohistoquímica. Los hallazgos indicaron una regulación negativa de CLCA1 en pacientes con STAD, que se correlacionó con la raza, la edad, el grado del cáncer, la infección por Helicobacter pylori y el subtipo molecular. Mediante el examen del análisis de supervivencia, se identificó que los niveles reducidos de CLCA1 en los casos de cáncer gástrico estaban relacionados con períodos reducidos de supervivencia posterior a la progresión (PPS), supervivencia general (OS) y primera progresión (FP) (P <0,05). La tasa de mutación CLCA1 fue menor en STAD, pero la tasa de supervivencia fue mayor en el grupo variante. Se observó la correlación entre el nivel de expresión de CLCA1 y los niveles de células inmunes infiltrantes en STAD, así como las moléculas activadoras inmunes, moléculas inmunosupresoras, moléculas MHC, quimiocinas y sus moléculas receptoras. El análisis de enriquecimiento genético reveló que CLCA1 puede estar involucrado en la progresión de STAD a través del lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES), el proteasoma, el ciclo celular, la secreción pancreática y las vías de señalización de PPAR. En resumen, se prevé que CLCA1 funcione como un marcador de pronóstico para pacientes con STAD y está vinculado a la inmunización de STAD.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms/immunology , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Biomarkers, Tumor , Survival Analysis , Chloride Channels/genetics , Chloride Channels/immunology , Computational Biology , Mutation
3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 592-598, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013658

ABSTRACT

Aim To analyze the anti-A549 and HI299 lung ade-nocarcinoma activities via using examples of baicalin, astragalo-side, hesperidin and cisplatin based on real time cellular analysis (RTCA) technology, and to build a new strategy for EC50 e-valuation reflecting the time-dimensional characteristic. Methods Using RTCA Software Pro for data analysis and GraphPad Prism and Origin Pro plotting, the in vitro anti-A549 and H1299 lung adenocarcinoma activities of baicalin, astragaloside, hesperidin, and cisplatin were characterized using the endpoint method and time dimension, respectively. Results (X) There were significant differences in EC50 values of A549 and H1299 cells at 24 h and 48 h endpoint methods. (2) The correlation coefficient of the curve fitted with the four-parameter equation was > 0. 9, and the dynamic change of EC50 remained relatively stable (the linear fitting of EC50 at adjacent 4 points I slope 1

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 837-841, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013546

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To explore the characteristics and regulations of adverse drug reactions (ADR) caused by apatinib, and to provide a reference for the safe use of apatinib in clinic. METHODS Case and group reports on ADR and safety evaluation of apatinib were retrieved from Chinese and English databases such as CNKI, Wanfang medical network, VIP and PubMed since its listing in 2014, literature data were extracted and statistically analyzed after screening. RESULTS Totally 101 cases were included, involving 221 ADR. In the above cases, the male-to-female ratio was 1.24∶1, with the highest proportion of patients aged 51 to 70 years, most of the patients were given a dose of 500 mg or more, and the patients given low dose of apatinib combined with other antitumor drugs were also likely to have ADR. One to two types of adverse reaction were the most common, while the types could reach up to six. Most ADR occurred within 30 days after medication, and the systems/organs involved were mainly the cardiovascular system damage,skin and its accessories damage, gastrointestinal system damage and urinary system damage; the main clinical manifestations were hypertension/aggravation,hand-foot syndrome,abdominal pain diarrhea and albuminuria, etc. Hypertension/aggravation, hand-foot syndrome and myelosuppression were the most common serious ADR. Most ADR could be improved/cured by suspension of administration, dose downregulation and symptomatic treatment. All 4 patients who died had underlying diseases, and their ECOG scores all ≥2 points. Special ADR (such as reversible posterior encephalopathy syndrome, psychiatric disorders, and cognitive impairment) were mostly caused by apatinib itself, or may be caused by apatinib in combination with the primary or underlying disease. CONCLUSIONS Advanced age, large dose, combination medication, underlying diseases and poor physical condition might be the high risks for ADR caused by apatinib. It is recommended to monitor the blood pressure,urine protein and skin of hands and feet of all patients with medication on a daily basis,pay attention to the occurrence of special ADR, and timely detect abnormal states and give effective intervention,so as to avoid the aggravation of ADR and other secondary ADR.

5.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 76-81, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012456

ABSTRACT

@#Gastric adenocarcinoma presenting as a submucosal tumor (SMT) accounts to only 0.1% to 0.63%. A 56-year-old Filipino male presenting with new onset melena underwent magnifying endoscopy, narrow-band imaging, endoscopic ultrasound, and computed tomography revealing a 2.5 cm x 2.0 cm polypoid SMT-like lesion at the fundus. Total gastrectomy with lymph node dissection and esophagojejunostomy was performed with histopathology showing adenocarcinoma. This suggests the need for different modalities to ensure the accuracy of diagnosis and the need for subsequent invasive treatments.

6.
Cancer Research on Prevention and Treatment ; (12): 34-42, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007226

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the prognostic value and immune infiltration landscape of anoikis-related long noncoding RNAs (arlncRNAs) in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods RNA-seq and clinical data of lung adenocarcinoma were downloaded from the TCGA database, and anoikis-related genes were obtained from the GeneCards and Harmonizome databases. Coexpression, differential, and WGCNA analyses were performed to screen differentially expressed arlncRNAs closely related to the occurrence of lung adenocarcinoma. A prognostic risk model was then constructed based on the arlncRNAs, and its predictive efficacy was further validated. Finally, consensus clustering was used to identify the molecular subtypes associated with anoikis in lung adenocarcinoma. Results Seven prognostic arlncRNAs were identified, and the prognostic risk models established based on them had AUC values of ROC curves greater than 0.7. Survival and immune infiltration analyses revealed that low-risk patients had high overall survival and immune infiltration, implying that they experienced good immune treatment effects. Drug sensitivity analysis showed that the high-risk patients were more sensitive to commonly used chemotherapeutic agents than the low-risk patients. According to the expression of model genes, subtypes C1 and C2 were identified through consensus clustering, and C1 showed a good prognosis. Conclusion The prognostic risk model based on the seven arlncRNAs can effectively predict the prognosis of lung adenocarcinoma patients. The results of immune-related and drug sensitivity analyses provide a reference for the precise individualized treatment of patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

7.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 145-152, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006526

ABSTRACT

@#Lung adenocarcinoma is a prevalent histological subtype of non-small cell lung cancer with different morphologic and molecular features that are critical for prognosis and treatment planning. In recent years, with the development of artificial intelligence technology, its application in the study of pathological subtypes and gene expression of lung adenocarcinoma has gained widespread attention. This paper reviews the research progress of machine learning and deep learning in pathological subtypes classification and gene expression analysis of lung adenocarcinoma, and some problems and challenges at the present stage are summarized and the future directions of artificial intelligence in lung adenocarcinoma research are foreseen.

8.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 85-91, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006515

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the correlation between the imaging features of peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules and the invasion degree of lung adenocarcinoma, and the high risk factors for infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma under thin-slice CT, which provides some reference for clinicians to plan the surgical methods of pulmonary nodules before operation and to better communicate with patients, and assists in building a clinical predictive model for invasive adenocarcinoma. Methods    Clinical data of the patients with peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules (diameter≤3 cm) in thin-slice chest CT in the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University from January 2019 to January 2020 were continuously collected. All patients underwent thin-slice CT scan and thoracoscopic surgery in our center. According to the pathological examination results, they were divided into two groups: an adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, and an invasive lung adenocarcinoma group. The thin-slice CT imaging parameters of pulmonary nodules were collected. The nodular diameter, mean CT value, consolidation tumor ratio (CTR), nodular shape, vacuolar sign, bronchial air sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign and other clinical data were collected. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted to analyze the independent risk factors for the infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma, and to analyze the threshold value and efficacy of each factor for the identification of infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma. Results     Finally 190 patients were enrolled. There were 110 patients in the adenocarcinoma lesions before infiltration group, including 21 males and 89 females with a mean age of 53.57±10.90 years, and 80 patients in the invasive lung adenocarcinoma group, including 31 males and 49 females with a mean age of 56.45±11.30 years. There was a statistical difference in the mean CT value, nodular diameter, CTR, gender, smoking, nodular type, nodular shape, vacuolar sign, lobulation sign, burr sign, lesion boundary, pleural depression sign, vascular cluster sign between the two groups (P<0.05). However, there was no statistical difference between the two groups in age (P=0.081), lesion site (P=0.675), and bronchial air sign (P=0.051). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that nodular diameter, mean CT value, CTR and lobulation sign were independent risk factors for differentiating preinvasive adenocarcinoma from invasive adenocarcinoma. At the same time, the threshold value was calculated by Youden index, indicating that the CTR was 0.45, the nodal diameter was 10.5 mm and the mean CT value was –452 Hu. Conclusion     In the peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules, according to the patient's CT imaging features, such as mixed ground-glass nodules, irregular shapes, vacuoles, short burrs, clear boundaries, pleural indentations, and vascular clusters, have a certain reference value in the discrimination of the invasion degree of ground-glass pulmonary nodules. At the same time, it is found in this research that peripheral ground-glass pulmonary nodules with diameter greater than 10.5 mm, CT value greater than –452 Hu, CTR greater than 0.45 and lobulation sign are more likely to be infiltrating lung adenocarcinoma.

9.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 71-77, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006513

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To predict the probability of lymph node metastasis after thoracoscopic surgery in patients with lung adenocarcinoma based on nomogram. Methods    We analyzed the clinical data of the patients with lung adenocarcinoma treated in the department of thoracic surgery of our hospital from June 2018 to May 2021. The patients were randomly divided into a training group and a validation group. The variables that may affect the lymph node metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma were screened out by univariate logistic regression, and then the clinical prediction model was constructed by multivariate logistic regression. The nomogram was used to show the model visually, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, calibration curve and clinical decision curve to evaluate the calibration degree and practicability of the model. Results    Finally 249 patients were collected, including 117 males aged 53.15±13.95 years and 132 females aged 47.36±13.10 years. There were 180 patients in the training group, and 69 patients in the validation group. There was a significant correlation between the 6 clinicopathological characteristics and lymph node metastasis of lung adenocarcinoma in the univariate logistic regression. The area under the ROC curve in the training group was 0.863, suggesting the ability to distinguish lymph node metastasis, which was confirmed in the validation group (area under the ROC curve was 0.847). The nomogram and clinical decision curve also performed well in the follow-up analysis, which proved its potential clinical value. Conclusion    This study provides a nomogram combined with clinicopathological characteristics, which can be used to predict the risk of lymph node metastasis in patients with lung adenocarcinoma with a diameter≤3 cm.

10.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 65-70, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006512

ABSTRACT

@#Objective    To investigate the radiomics features to distinguish invasive lung adenocarcinoma with micropapillary or solid structure. Methods    A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients who received surgeries and pathologically confirmed invasive lung adenocarcinoma in our hospital from April 2016 to August 2019. The dataset was randomly divided into a training set [including a micropapillary/solid structure positive group (positive group) and a micropapillary/solid structure negative group (negative group)] and a testing set (including a positive group and a negative group) with a ratio of 7∶3. Two radiologists drew regions of interest on preoperative high-resolution CT images to extract radiomics features. Before analysis, the intraclass correlation coefficient was used to determine the stable features, and the training set data were balanced using synthetic minority oversampling technique. After mean normalization processing, further radiomics features selection was conducted using the least absolute shrinkage and selection operator algorithm, and a 5-fold cross validation was performed. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were depicted on the training and testing sets to evaluate the diagnostic performance of the radiomics model. Results    A total of 340 patients were enrolled, including 178 males and 162 females with an average age of 60.31±6.69 years. There were 238 patients in the training set, including 120 patients in the positive group and 118 patients in the negative group. There were 102 patients in the testing set, including 52 patients in the positive group and 50 patients in the negative group. The radiomics model contained 107 features, with the final 2 features selected for the radiomics model, that is, Original_ glszm_ SizeZoneNonUniformityNormalized and Original_ shape_ SurfaceVolumeRatio. The areas under the ROC curve of the training and the testing sets of the radiomics model were 0.863 (95%CI 0.815-0.912) and 0.857 (95%CI 0.783-0.932), respectively. The sensitivity was 91.7% and 73.7%, the specificity was 78.8% and 84.0%, and the accuracy was 85.3% and 78.4%, respectively. Conclusion    There are differences in radiomics features between invasive pulmonary adenocarcinoma with or without micropapillary and solid structures, and the radiomics model is demonstrated to be with good diagnostic value.

11.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 51-58, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006510

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To explore the correlation between the quantitative and qualitative features of CT images and the invasiveness of pulmonary ground-glass nodules, providing reference value for preoperative planning of patients with ground-glass nodules. Methods    The patients with ground-glass nodules who underwent surgical treatment and were diagnosed with pulmonary adenocarcinoma from September 2020 to July 2022 at the Third Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University were collected. Based on the pathological diagnosis results, they were divided into two groups: a non-invasive adenocarcinoma group with in situ and minimally invasive adenocarcinoma, and an invasive adenocarcinoma group. Imaging features were collected, and a univariate logistic regression analysis was conducted on the clinical and imaging data of the patients. Variables with statistical difference were selected for multivariate logistic regression analysis to establish a predictive model of invasive adenocarcinoma based on independent risk factors. Finally, the sensitivity and specificity were calculated based on the Youden index. Results     A total of 555 patients were collected. The were 310 patients in the non-invasive adenocarcinoma group, including 235 females and 75 males, with a meadian age of 49 (43, 58) years, and 245 patients in the invasive adenocarcinoma group, including 163 females and 82 males, with a meadian age of 53 (46, 61) years. The binary logistic regression analysis showed that the maximum diameter (OR=4.707, 95%CI 2.060 to 10.758), consolidation/tumor ratio (CTR, OR=1.027, 95%CI 1.011 to 1.043), maximum CT value (OR=1.025, 95%CI 1.004 to 1.047), mean CT value (OR=1.035, 95%CI 1.008 to 1.063), spiculation sign (OR=2.055, 95%CI 1.148 to 3.679), and vascular convergence sign (OR=2.508, 95%CI 1.345 to 4.676) were independent risk factors for the occurrence of invasive adenocarcinoma (P<0.05). Based on the independent predictive factors, a predictive model of invasive adenocarcinoma was constructed. The formula for the model prediction was: Logit(P)=–1.293+1.549×maximum diameter of lesion+0.026×CTR+0.025×maximum CT value+0.034×mean CT value+0.72×spiculation sign+0.919×vascular convergence sign. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of the model was 0.910 (95%CI 0.885 to 0.934), indicating that the model had good discrimination ability. The calibration curve showed that the predictive model had good calibration, and the decision analysis curve showed that the model had good clinical utility. Conclusion     The predictive model combining quantitative and qualitative features of CT has a good predictive ability for the invasiveness of ground-glass nodules. Its predictive performance is higher than any single indicator.

12.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 138-146, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006439

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the risk factors for early tumor recurrence after laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy (LPD) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), and to establish a predictive model. MethodsA retrospective analysis was performed for the clinical data of 240 PDAC patients who underwent LPD in The First Hospital of Jilin University from April 2016 to July 2022, with early postoperative tumor recurrence (time to recurrence ≤12 months) as the study outcome. The patients were randomly divided into training group with 168 patients and validation group with 72 patients at a ratio of 7∶3. In the training group, there were 70 patients (41.67%) with early postoperative recurrence and 98 (58.33%) without early recurrence, and in the validation group, there were 32 (44.44%) with early postoperative recurrence and 40 (55.56%) without early recurrence. The chi-square test or the Fisher’s exact test was used for comparison of categorical data between groups; a logistic regression analysis was used to investigate the risk factors for early postoperative recurrence; the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under the ROC curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the discriminatory ability of the model, with AUC>0.75 indicating that the model had adequate discriminatory ability. The Bootstrap resampling method was used for validation after 1 000 times of random sampling, and the model was validated again in the validation group. The calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test were used to evaluate the degree of calibration, and the decision curve analysis was used to evaluate clinical practicability. ResultsThe univariate and multivariate analyses showed that preoperative CA19-9 level≥37 U/mL (odds ratio [OR]=6.265, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.938‍ ‍—‍ ‍20.249, P<0.05), maximum tumor diameter >3 cm (OR=10.878, 95%CI: 4.090‍ ‍—‍ ‍28.932, P<0.05), poor tumor differentiation (OR=3.679, 95%CI: 1.435‍ ‍—‍ ‍9.433, P<0.05), lymph node metastasis (OR=0.209, 95%CI: 0.080‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.551, P<0.05), and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery (OR=0.167, 95%CI: 0.058‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.480, P<0.05). A nomogram model was constructed based on these factors; the ROC curve analysis showed that the model had an AUC of 0.895 (95%CI: 0.846‍ ‍—‍ ‍0.943, P<0.001), and the calibration curve and the Hosmer-Lemeshow test showed that the model had a good degree of calibration (P=0.173). The decision curve analysis showed that the nomogram had a good clinical application value. ConclusionPreoperative CA19-9 level ≥37 U/mL, maximum tumor diameter >3 cm, poor tumor differentiation, lymph node metastasis, and absence of adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery are independent risk factors for the early recurrence of PDAC after LPD, and the nomogram model established based on these factors can effectively predict early postoperative recurrence.

13.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 43-50+64, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006195

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To study the effect of ankyrin repeat domain 49(ANKRD49)on the migration of human lung adenocarcinoma cell line NCI-H1299 and its mechanism.Methods NCI-H1299 cells were infected with lentivirus vector carrying ANKRD49 gene and shRNA targeting ANKRD49 to construct the cell models stably overexpressing and knocking down ANKRD49. Meanwhile,the control cell models infected with empty lentivirus vector and lentivirus vector with scramble sequences were constructed respectively. The expression levels of ANKRD49 mRNA and protein were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The effect of ANKRD49 on cell migration was measured by scratch test. The mRNA and protein levels of matrix metalloproteinase(MMP)-2/9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase(TIMP)-1/2 were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR and Western blot. The protein expression levels of p65,p-p65,IκBα and p-IκBα were detected by Western blot.Results The levels of ANKRD49 mRNA and protein in the ANKRD49 overexpression group were significantly higher than those in the control group(t = 70. 02 and 45. 68,respectively,each P < 0. 001). Compared with the control group,the migration ability of cells in the ANKRD49 overexpression group significantly increased at 24 h and 48 h(t = 5. 343 and 3. 282,P = 0. 005 9 and 0. 030 4,respectively);The mRNA transcription levels and protein expression levels of MMP-2 and MMP-9 significantly increased(t = 9. 304 and 6. 193,P =0. 000 7 and 0. 003 5,respectively),while the mRNA and protein expression of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2 decreased significantly(t = 3. 858 and 3. 517,P = 0. 018 2 and 0. 024 5,respectively),and the values of MMP-2/TIMP-1 and MMP-9/TIMP-2 significantly increased(t = 17. 7 and 9. 682,P < 0. 001 and < 0. 01,respectively);The expression of p-p65 and pIκBα significantly increased,the total protein levels of p65 and IκBα showed no obvious change,and the values of p-p65/p65 and p-IκBα/IκBα significantly increased(t = 3. 962 and 5. 370,P = 0. 016 7 and 0. 005 8,respectively). However,knocking down of ANKRD49 presented the opposite results.Conclusion ANKRD49 promotes the migration of NCI-H1299cells by enhan-cing the expression of MMP-2/9,the values of MMP-9/TIMP-1 and MMP-2/TIMP-2 via activating NF-κB/p65 signa-ling pathway.

14.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(2): e2022, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Follicular thyroid cancers account for 15%-20% of all thyroid tumors. Choroidal metastases secondary to follicular thyroid cancer rarely occur. Herein, we report the case of an 85-year-old woman who presented choroidal metastasis from a follicular thyroid carcinoma in the right eye 7 years after total thyroidectomy and underwent enucleation. To confirm the diagnosis and primary tumor site, histopathological, and immunohistochemical examinations were performed. One year later, she presented metastasis in the contralateral eye. Few similar cases have been described in the literature.

15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(2): e20230417, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529383

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: Rectal cancer is an important cause of mortality and morbidity globally. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the log odds of positive nodes system is a better indicator than tumor node metastasis and lymph node ratio systems to determine rectum cancer prognosis, which is an important cause of mortality and morbidity globally. METHODS: This was a single-center retrospective cross-sectional study. Data were obtained from the medical records of patients with rectum adenocarcinoma followed at Gazi University Hospital. The clinicopathological data of 128 patients with rectum adenocarcinoma who underwent low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection between January 2010 and December 2018 was retrospectively reviewed. Patients with rectum adenocarcinoma as the first and only primary diagnosis, which was confirmed by histopathological examination, than those who had undergone complete curative resection via low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection were included. Those with familial adenomatous polyposis or Lynch syndrome, those under 18 years of age, with a synchronous tumor, peritoneal spread, or metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis, and those with <12 lymph nodes dissected from the resection material were excluded from the study. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, age, perineural invasion, tumor node metastasis stage, lymph node ratio stage, and log odds of positive nodes stage were found to be independent prognostic factors (p<0.05). LODDS2 patients' mortality rates were 9.495 times higher than LODDS0 patients [hazard ratio=9.495, (95%CI 4.155-21.694), p<0.001] while LNR2 stage patients' mortality rates were 7.016 times higher than LNR0 stage patients [hazard ratio=7.016, (95%CI 3.123-15.765), p<0.001] and N2 stage patients had a 5.135 times higher risk of mortality than those who were in N0 stage [hazard ratio=5.135 (95%CI 2.451-10.756), p<0.001]. CONCLUSION: Log odds of positive nodes is a more valuable prognostic factor for rectal cancer patients than tumor node metastasis and lymph node ratio systems to determine rectum cancer prognosis.

16.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 37: e1796, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1549973

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Duodenal adenocarcinoma is a small percentage of gastrointestinal neoplasms, around 0.5%, and its treatment is based on resection of the tumor, classically by pancreaticoduodenectomy. In recent years, however, segmental resections of duodenal lesions, that do not involve the second portion or the periampullary region, have gained relevance with good surgical and oncological outcomes as well as the benefit of avoiding surgeries that can result in high morbidity and mortality. AIMS: To report a case of an elderly female patient with malignant neoplastic lesion in the third and fourth duodenal portion, non-obstructive, submitted to surgical treatment. METHODS: The technical option was the resection of the distal duodenum and proximal jejunum with preservation of the pancreas and reconstruction with side-to-side duodenojejunal anastomosis. RESULTS: The evolution was satisfactory and the surgical margins were free of neoplasia. CONCLUSIONS: Segmental resections of the duodenum are feasible and safe, offering the benefit of preventing complications of pancreaticoduodenectomies.


RESUMO RACIONAL: O adenocarcinoma duodenal é uma pequena porcentagem das neoplasias gastrointestinais, em torno de 0,5%, e seu tratamento baseia-se na ressecção da massa tumoral, classicamente por pancreatoduodenectomia. Nos últimos anos, porém, as ressecções segmentares de lesões duodenais que não envolvem a segunda porção ou a região periampular têm ganhado relevância com bons resultados cirúrgicos e oncológicos e com o benefício de evitar uma cirurgia que pode apresentar alta morbimortalidade. OBJETIVOS: Reportar o caso de uma paciente feminina, idosa, com lesão neoplásica maligna na terceira e quarta porção duodenal, não obstrutiva, submetida a tratamento cirúrgico. MÉTODOS: A opção técnica foi a ressecção do duodeno distal e jejuno proximal com preservação do pâncreas e reconstrução com anastomose duodenojejunal látero-lateral. RESULTADOS: A evolução foi satisfatória e as margens cirúrgicas foram livres de neoplasia. CONCLUSÕES: As ressecções segmentares do duodeno são factíveis e seguras, com os benefícios de evitar as complicações das pancreatoduodenectomias.

17.
Ann. afr. méd. (En ligne) ; 17(2): 1-7, 2024. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1552054

ABSTRACT

Contexte et objectifs. Le cancer de l'intestin grêle est très peu documenté. L'objectif du présent travail était de décrire le profil épidémiologique et histopathologique des cancers de l'intestin grêle dans la ville de Kinshasa. Méthodes. C'était une étude descriptive d'une série des cas colligés dans quatre laboratoires d'Anatomie Pathologique de la ville de Kinshasa et sur une période de 12 ans. Les patients ayant comme diagnostic histologique des cancers de l'intestin grêle ont été répertoriés de manière exhaustive à partir des registres des laboratoires sélectionnés. Les pièces biopsiques archivées ont été relues. Résultats. Sur 812 cancers digestifs enregistrés durant la période d'étude, 43 avaient le cancer de l'intestin grêle soit une fréquence relative de 3,5 ℅. Le sexe masculin prépondérant (58,1 ℅). Les ¾ de nos patients avaient un âge compris entre 6 ans et 58 ans. Les patients plus âgés avaient un grade histologique plus élevé. La quasi-totalité de cancers de l'intestin grêle était déjà invasifs au moment du diagnostic et l'adenocarcinome était le cancer le plus fréquent. Le type histologique influençait significativement le grade (p= 0.007). Conclusion. Le cancer de l'intestin grêle dont le type le plus courant est l'adenocarcinome était invasif et rendant ainsi le pronostic plus défavorable. Ceci montre qu'il y a un problème de retard diagnostic. L'âge et le type histologique exerçaient une influence sur le niveau d'invasion des cancers de l'intestin grêle


Context and objective. Cancer of the small intestine is poorly documented. The aim of this study was to describe the histopathological profile of small bowel cancers in the City of Kinshasa. Methods.This was a descriptive study of a series of cases collected in four Pathological Anatomy laboratories in the city of Kinshasa over a 12-year period. Records of patients with histological diagnoses of small bowel cancers were exhaustively collected from the registries of the selected laboratories. Results Out of 812 digestive tract cancers recorded in studied period, 43 had cancers of the small intestine, with a relative frequency of 3.5 ℅. Male gender predominated (58.1 ℅). The ¾ of patients with small bowel cancers were between 6 and 58 years old. Older patients had a higher histological grade. Histological type had a significant influence on cancer grade (p= 0.0072). Conclusion. Almost all small bowel cancers were diagnosed at the invasion's stage, making the prognosis poorer. The high number of invasive cancers suggests that the delayed diagnosis of cancers could be the culprit in Kinshasa

18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 47-55, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010109

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma (IMA) was a rare and specific type of lung adenocarcinoma, which was often characterized by fewer lymphatic metastases. Therefore, it was difficult to evaluate the prognosis of these tumors based on the existing tumor-node-metastasis (TNM) staging. So, this study aimed to develop Nomograms to predict outcomes of patients with pathologic N0 in resected IMA.@*METHODS@#According to the inclusion criteria and exclusion criteria, IMA patients with pathologic N0 in The Affiliated Lihuili Hospital of Ningbo University (training cohort, n=78) and Ningbo No.2 Hospital (validation cohort, n=66) were reviewed between July 2012 and May 2017. The prognostic value of the clinicopathological features in the training cohort was analyzed and prognostic prediction models were established, and the performances of models were evaluated. Finally, the validation cohort data was put in for external validation.@*RESULTS@#Univariate analysis showed that pneumonic type, larger tumor size, mixed mucinous/non-mucinous component, and higher overall stage were significant influence factors of 5-year progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis further indicated that type of imaging, tumor size, mucinous component were the independent prognostic factors for poor 5-year PFS and OS. Moreover, the 5-year PFS and OS rates were 62.82% and 75.64%, respectively. In subgroups, the survival analysis also showed that the pneumonic type and mixed mucinous/non-mucinous patients had significantly poorer 5-year PFS and OS compared with solitary type and pure mucinous patients, respectively. The C-index of Nomograms with 5-year PFS and OS were 0.815 (95%CI: 0.741-0.889) and 0.767 (95%CI: 0.669-0.865). The calibration curve and decision curve analysis (DCA) of both models showed good predictive performances in both cohorts.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The Nomograms based on clinicopathological characteristics in a certain extent, can be used as an effective prognostic tool for patients with pathologic N0 after IMA resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Neoplasm Staging , Lung/pathology , Retrospective Studies
19.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1764-1774, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528797

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Colon adenocarcinoma (COAD) is a prevalent disease worldwide, known for its high mortality and morbidity rates. Despite this, the extent of investigation concerning the correlation between COAD's CLCA1 expression and immune cell infiltration remains insufficient. This study seeks to examine the expression and prognosis of CLCA1 in COAD, along with its relationship to the tumor immune microenvironment. These findings will offer valuable insights for clinical practitioners and contribute to the existing knowledge in the field. In order to evaluate the prognostic significance of CLCA1 in individuals diagnosed with colorectal cancers, we conducted a comprehensive analysis using univariate and multivariate Cox regression models along with receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis. This study was performed on the patient data of COAD obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database. Nomograms were developed to anticipate CLCA1 prognostic influence. Furthermore, the CLCA1 association with tumor immune infiltration, immune checkpoints, immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) response, interaction network, and functional analysis of CLCA1-related genes was analyzed. We found that Colon adenocarcinoma tissues significantly had decreased CLCA1 expression compared to healthy tissues. Furthermore, the study revealed that the group with high expression of CLCA1 demonstrated a significantly higher overall survival rate (OS) as compared to the group with low expression. Multivariate and Univariate Cox regression analysis revealed the potential of CLCA1 as a standalone risk factor for COAD. These results were confirmed using nomograms and ROC curves. In addition, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis and functional gene enrichment showed that CLCA1 may be associated with functional activities such as pancreatic secretion, estrogen signaling and cAMP signaling, as well as with specific immune cell infiltration. Therefor, as a new independent predictor and potential biomarker of COAD, CLCA1 plays a crucial role in the advancement of colon cancer.


El adenocarcinoma de colon (COAD) es una enfermedad prevalente a nivel mundial, conocida por sus altas tasas de mortalidad y morbilidad. Sin embargo, el alcance de la investigación sobre la correlación entre la expresión de CLCA1 de COAD y la infiltración de células inmunes sigue siendo insuficiente. Este estudio busca examinar la expresión y el pronóstico de CLCA1 en COAD, junto con su relación con el microambiente inmunológico del tumor. Estos hallazgos ofrecerán conocimientos valiosos para los profesionales clínicos y contribuirán al conocimiento existente en el campo. Para evaluar la importancia de pronóstico de CLCA1 en personas diagnosticadas con cáncer colorrectal, realizamos un análisis exhaustivo utilizando modelos de regresión de Cox univariados y multivariados junto con un análisis de la curva característica operativa del receptor (ROC). Este estudio se realizó con los datos de pacientes de COAD obtenidos de la base de datos The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Se desarrollaron nomogramas para anticipar la influencia pronóstica de CLCA1. Además, se analizó la asociación de CLCA1 con la infiltración inmunitaria tumoral, los puntos de control inmunitarios, la respuesta de bloqueo de los puntos de control inmunitarios (ICB), la red de interacción y el análisis funcional de genes relacionados con CLCA1. Descubrimos que los tejidos de adenocarcinoma de colon tenían una expresión significativamente menor de CLCA1 en comparación con los tejidos sanos. Además, el estudio reveló que el grupo con alta expresión de CLCA1 demostró una tasa de supervivencia general (SG) significativamente mayor en comparación con el grupo con baja expresión. El análisis de regresión de Cox multivariado y univariado reveló el potencial de CLCA1 como factor de riesgo independiente de COAD. Estos resultados se confirmaron mediante nomogramas y curvas ROC. Además, el análisis de la red de interacción proteína- proteína (PPI) y el enriquecimiento de genes funcionales mostraron que CLCA1 puede estar asociado con actividades funcionales como la secreción pancreática, la señalización de estrógenos y la señalización de AMPc, así como con la infiltración de células inmunes específicas. Por lo tanto, como nuevo predictor independiente y biomarcador potencial de COAD, CLCA1 desempeña un papel crucial en el avance del cáncer de colon.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Adenocarcinoma/immunology , Colonic Neoplasms/immunology , Chloride Channels/immunology , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Regression Analysis , Colonic Neoplasms/metabolism , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Computational Biology
20.
Rev. gastroenterol. Perú ; 43(4)oct. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1536358

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la presentación epidemiológica y la sobrevida de los pacientes con adenocarcinoma ductal de páncreas de acuerdo con su estadío clínico y al tipo de intervención realizada, en una cohorte de pacientes atendidos en una clínica en Lima, Perú. Estudio de cohortes retrospectivas que evaluó desde enero del 2015 a febrero del 2021 a pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma ductal de páncreas considerando diversos factores epidemiológicos, radiológicos, estadiaje oncológico, haber recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante o adyuvante, haber sido sometidos a cirugía y la sobrevida posterior a alguna de las intervenciones realizadas. De los 249 pacientes analizados, se encontró que 75 de ellos requerían cirugía resectiva. Entre los principales resultados obtenidos, se observó que aquellos con un nivel de CA 19-9 menor a 200 U/mL presentaban una media de sobrevida más alta en comparación con aquellos cuyo nivel de CA 19-9 era superior a 200 U/mL (HR: 1,96; IC95%: 0,18-0,53; p≤0,001). Asimismo, al comparar a los pacientes según su etapa, se encontró que aquellos con tumores resecables tenían una media de sobrevida de 37,72 meses, mientras que aquellos con tumores localmente avanzados tenían una media de sobrevida de 13,47 meses y aquellos con tumores metastásicos tenían una media de sobrevida de 7,69 meses (HR: 0,87; IC95%: 0,31-0,25; p≤0,001). Igualmente, se observó que recibir tratamiento neoadyuvante se asociaba con un mejor pronóstico de sobrevida para los pacientes (HR: 0,32; IC95%: 0,19-0,53; p≤0,001). Asimismo, se llevaron a cabo 5 pancreatectomías con resección metastásica en pacientes oligometastásicos tratados con quimioterapia de rescate, y se encontró que la media de sobrevida para estos pacientes fue de 22,51 meses. Conclusión: La cirugía resectiva en un estadío clínico temprano , presentar valores de CA 19-9 por debajo de 200 U/mL y haber recibido quimioterapia neoadyuvante se correlaciona estadísticamente con una mayor esperanza de sobrevida.


The objective of this study is to analyze the epidemiological presentation and survival of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma according to their clinical stage and the type of intervention performed, in a cohort of patients treated at a clinic in Lima, Peru. A retrospective cohort study evaluated patients diagnosed with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma from January 2015 to February 2021, considering various epidemiological factors, radiological findings, oncological staging, receipt of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy, undergoing surgery, and post-intervention survival. Out of the 249 patients analyzed, 75 of them required resective surgery. Among the main findings, it was observed that those with a CA 19-9 level below 200 U/mL had a higher median survival compared to those with a CA 19-9 level above 200 U/mL (HR: 1.96; 95% CI: 0.18-0.53; p≤0.001). Furthermore, when comparing patients according to their stage, those with resectable tumors had a median survival of 37.72 months, while those with locally advanced tumors had a median survival of 13.47 months, and those with metastatic tumors had a median survival of 7.69 months (HR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.31-0.25; p≤0.001). Additionally, receiving neoadjuvant treatment was associated with a better prognosis of survival for patients (HR: 0.32; 95% CI: 0.19-0.53; p≤0.001). Furthermore, 5 pancreatectomies with metastatic resection were performed in oligometastatic patients treated with salvage chemotherapy, and the median survival for these patients was 22.51 months. Conclusion: Resective surgery at an early clinical stage, CA 19-9 levels below 200 U/mL, and receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy are statistically correlated with a higher overall survival.

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