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1.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; (46): 58546, Jan.-Jun. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1550246

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introdução: A criação de guias que unificam as demandas clínicas prevalentes em consultas de enfermagem gerontológica e, das suas respectivas intervenções, se faz presente, devido a heterogeneidade das patologias emergentes no processo de envelhecimento, que irão precisar de cuidados. Objetivo: Identificar as demandas clínicas em consultas de enfermagem gerontológica e, as intervenções implementadas pelos(as) enfermeiros(as). Método: Revisão integrativa de pesquisas originais, publicadas entre 2018 e 2022, em inglês, espanhol e português, disponíveis nas bases de dados Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/LILACS/BDENF/IBECS/BVS, SciELO e Google Scholar, pelos descritores DeCS/MESH: "Idoso"; "Enfermagem no Consultório"; "Enfermagem Geriátrica" e "Geriatria". O Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention foi usado para determinar o nível de evidência da amostra final. Foram excluídos editoriais, estudos de revisão e artigos duplicados. A análise dos dados se deu pela leitura analítica e interpretativa, guiadas por um checklist. Resultados: Oito artigos foram selecionados e trouxeram demandas clínica tais como: o déficit no autocuidado para banho; autonegligência; fadiga; risco de integridade da pele prejudicada; desesperança; tristeza e depressão. As intervenções se relacionaram ao incentivo ao autocuidado; otimização dos medicamentos; estímulo a atividade física; cuidados com a pele; aconselhamento; musicoterapia e reabilitação psicossocial. Conclusão: Demandas clínicas atendidas nas consultas de enfermagem gerontológica possuem grande variação, com prevalência no domínio atividade/repouso, tais como intervenções voltadas para o tratamento e prevenção de doenças e ações visando a promoção da saúde, tendo o domínio comportamental mais expressivo.


Resumen Introducción: La creación de guías que unifiquen las demandas clínicas prevalentes en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica y sus respectivas intervenciones es necesaria, debido a la heterogeneidad de patologías emergentes en el proceso de envejecimiento que requerirán cuidados. Objetivo: Identificar las demandas clínicas en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica y las intervenciones implementadas por el personal de enfermería. Método: Revisión integrativa de investigaciones originales, publicadas entre 2018 y 2022, en inglés, español y portugués, en las bases de datos Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/LILACS/BDENF/IBECS/BVS, SciELO y Google Scholar. Se utilizaron los descriptores DeCS/MESH: "Idoso"; "Enfermagem no Consultório"; "Enfermagem Geriátrica" e "Geriatria". Para determinar el nivel de evidencia de la muestra final, se usó el Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention. Además, se excluyeron los editoriales, los estudios de revisión y los artículos duplicados. Los datos se analizaron mediante lectura analítica e interpretativa, guiada por una lista de verificación. Resultados: Se seleccionaron ocho artículos que aportaron demandas clínicas como déficit en el autocuidado para el baño, autodescuido, fatiga, riesgo integridad de la piel perjudicada; desesperanza, tristeza y depresión. Las intervenciones estaban orientadas al fomento del autocuidado, la optimización de la medicación, el fomento de la actividad física, el cuidado de la piel, el asesoramiento, la musicoterapia y la rehabilitación psicosocial. Conclusión: Las demandas clínicas atendidas en las consultas de enfermería gerontológica son muy variadas, con predominio en el dominio actividad/reposo, como intervenciones dirigidas al tratamiento y prevención de enfermedades y acciones dirigidas a la promoción de la salud, siendo más expresivo el dominio conductual.


Abstract Introduction: The creation of guidelines that unify the prevalent clinical demands from gerontological nursing consultations and their corresponding interventions are necessary due to the heterogeneity of emerging pathologies in the aging process that will require nursing care. Objective: To identify clinical demands in gerontological nursing consultations and the interventions implemented by nurses. Method: An integrative review of original research published from 2018 and 2022, in English, Spanish, and Portuguese, in Scopus, MEDLINE/PubMed, BIREME/lilacs/BDENF/IBECS/VHL, SciELO, and Google Scholar databases, using the DeCS/MESH descriptors: "Elderly", "Nursing in the Office", "Geriatric Nursing", and "Geriatrics". The Rating System for the Hierarchy of Evidence for Intervention was used to determine the level of evidence of the final sample. Editorials, review studies, and duplicate articles were excluded. The data were analyzed by analytical and interpretative reading, guided by a checklist. Results: Eight articles were selected that showed clinical demands such as deficits in self-care for bathing, self-negligence, fatigue, risk of damaged skin integrity, hopelessness, sadness, and depression. Interventions were related to encouraging self-care, medication optimization, encouragement of exercise, skin care, counseling, music therapy, and psychosocial rehabilitation. Conclusion: There are many different clinical demands in gerontological nursing consultations, especially associated with the domain of activity/rest. These include interventions to treat and prevent diseases, and actions aimed at health promotion, in most cases associated with the behavioral domain.


Subject(s)
Aging , Patient-Centered Care/methods , Geriatric Nursing/methods , Guideline
2.
ABCS health sci ; 49: [1-10], 11 jun. 2024.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1555509

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The growing older population increases proportionately the demand for hospital care due to the increase in health problems. Objective: To estimate the prevalence and incidence of hospitalizations, and to investigate associated factors in older adults from the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais, Brazil, between 2016-2018. Secondly, to provide a more comprehensive epidemiological overview of hospitalizations, the following were estimated: monthly hospitalization rate; hospital mortality rate; frequency of hospitalizations according to diagnosis, hospitalizations for conditions sensitive to primary care and in-hospital death; and hospital costs. Methods: This is an ecological and descriptive-analytic study. Data were obtained from the Brazilian Hospital Information System (SIH/SUS). Results: The prevalence of hospitalizations was 35.1% (31.2% in women and 39.7% in men). The monthly rate of hospitalizations was higher in older men when compared with older women (Rate-Ratio=1.35 [95% CI=1.27-1.43]) and adult men between 40­59 years (Rate Ratio=2.42 [95% CI=2.26-2.58]). The cumulative incidence of hospitalization was 144/1,000 older persons (125/1,000 women and 169/1,000 men). Factors significantly associated with hospitalizations were: male sex (PR=1.52 [95% CI=1.11-2.08]); hospitalization in surgical bed (PR=1.93 [95% CI=1.05-3.56]); absence of death (PR=1.94 [95% CI=1.03-3.65]); and hospital stay ≥15 days (PR=0.71 [95% CI=0.54 0.95]). The cost of hospitalizations was R$ 220,8 million (mean of R$ 201,700/day). Conclusion: The findings strengthen the need for preventive healthcare for the older population living in the Zona da Mata of Minas Gerais and alert managers to the substantial socioeconomic impact of hospitalizations.

3.
Medwave ; 24(3)30-04-2024.
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553784

ABSTRACT

Chile es un país que enfrenta un envejecimiento poblacional acelerado, y con ello cambios en la estructura demográfica, epidemiológica y asistencial, donde la salud sexual de las personas mayores es un área emergente a nivel social y en los sistemas de salud. Esta investigación tiene por objetivos identificar aspectos generales de la sexualidad en las personas mayores, y conocer contenidos educativos entregados a este grupo con tecnologías digitales. Para ello, se propuso una revisión de literatura científica que buscó investigaciones en la materia entre el 1 de enero de 2018 y el 31 diciembre de 2022, en las bases de datos, A partir de ello se analizaron los artículos encontrados y la información emergente. Se encontraron 1573 artículos de los cuales se incluyeron 21 trabajos, 11 con metodología cualitativa, 6 cuantitativa y 4 mixta. Además, 9 trataron el área de sexualidad y 12 respecto de innovaciones tecnológicas en personas mayores. Se aprecia que la sexualidad es un tema creciente a nivel mundial, que arrastra idearios socioculturales asociados a visiones dogmáticas y a mitos, con discriminación hacia este grupo de edad, sobre todo si pertenecen a minorías sexuales. También se observa en este grupo de interés un mejor acceso a nuevas tecnologías digitales para acceder a capacitación, integración social y atención oportuna en salud. La evidencia científica demuestra que la sexualidad de las personas mayores es un tema de interés mundial, invisibilizado, con baja formación y capacitación del personal sanitario. Este personal no educa ni resuelve estos motivos de consulta en forma tradicional o con nuevas tecnologías digitales en salud.


Chile is facing an increasingly aging population and, with it, changes in its demographic, epidemiological, and healthcare structure. As a result, the sexual health of the elderly is an emerging area at the social level and in healthcare systems. This research aims to identify general aspects of sexuality in the elderly and learn about educational content delivered to this group using digital technologies. To do this, we proposed a review of scientific literature on the subject between January 1st, 2018, and December 31st, 2022, in the databases Web of Science, MEDLINE/PubMed, LILACS, Cochrane, Scopus, and Google Scholar. The articles found, and the emerging information was analyzed. A total of 1573 articles were found, of which 21 papers were finally included, 11 with qualitative methodology, six quantitative, and four mixed. In addition, nine addressed the area of sexuality, and 12 focused on technological innovations for the elderly. Sexuality is a growing topic worldwide, carrying with it sociocultural beliefs associated with dogmatic opinions and myths, with discrimination against this age group, especially if they belong to sexual minorities. This group also has better access to new digital technologies that facilitate access to training, social integration, and timely healthcare. Scientific evidence shows that the sexuality of the elderly is a topic of global interest, invisibilized, with low education and training of healthcare workers. The latter are neither informed nor able to solve the reasons for consultation in the traditional way or with new digital health technologies.

4.
Conscientiae Saúde (Online) ; 23: e24121, 25 mar. 2024.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553483

ABSTRACT

Introdução: o aumento da população idosa no mundo e as alterações fisiológicas decorrentes desse processo refletem a necessidade de boas ferramentas de avaliação para a identificação precoce de possíveis declínios. Objetivo: comparar os achados da avaliação pelas escalas Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) e Índice de Equilíbrio e Marcha de Tinetti validadas no Brasil, verificando a especificidade de cada escala na avaliação de idosos saudáveis e com disfunções neuromotoras. Métodos: 76 indivíduos, 43 saudáveis e 33 com disfunção neuromotora, de ambos os sexos, com idade mínima de 60 anos, residentes nos municípios de Caldas Novas-GO, Itumbiara-GO e Goiatuba-GO, foram avaliados em dias alternados pelas escalas SPPB e Tinetti. Resultados: os grupos apresentaram pontuações maiores nas avaliações pelo Índice Tinetti, o que sugere maior sensibilidade da SPPB na avaliação da marcha e do equilíbrio desses indivíduos. Conclusão: SPPB mostrou-se mais específica que o Índice de Tinetti, sendo capaz de detectar alterações que o Índice Tinetti não foi capaz de encontrar.


Introduction: the increase in the elderly population in the world and the physiological changes resulting from this process reflect the need for good assessment tools for the early identification of possible declines. Objective: to compare the assessment findings by the Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) and Tinetti's Balance and Gait Index validated in Brazil, verifying the specificity of each scale in the assessment of healthy elderly people and those with neuromotor dysfunctions. Methods: 76 individuals, 43 healthy and 33 with neuromotor dysfunction, of both sexes, aged at least 60 years, living in the cities of Caldas Novas-GO, Itumbiara-GO and Goiatuba-GO, were evaluated on alternate days by the SPPB and Tinetti scales. Results: the groups presented higher scores in the evaluations by Tinetti, which suggests greater sensitivity of the SPPB in the evaluation of gait and balance of these individuals. Conclusion: SPPB was more specific than Tinetti, being able to detect changes that the Tinetti Index was not able to find.

5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 99(1): 19-26, Jan.-Feb. 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527709

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: There are few studies dedicated to the characterization of the geriatric population with psoriasis, which has particularities in terms of clinical manifestations and therapeutic limitations. As psoriasis is a chronic disease, presenting a higher prevalence with age, the increase in life expectancy in Brazil demands knowledge about the behavior of the disease among the elderly. Objectives: To characterize elderly people with psoriasis from a tertiary service, from the clinical-epidemiological point of view, presence of comorbidities, physical frailty, and affective impact, and to compare these aspects with adults with psoriasis and elderly people without the disease. Methods: Cross-sectional study of 64 elderly patients with psoriasis, 64 adults with psoriasis, and 64 elderly patients without the disease. Clinical-demographic aspects, the Beck depression scale, and Skindex-16 were evaluated. Indicators of physical frailty were evaluated in elderly patients: handgrip, sit-to-stand test, fatigue, and weight loss >5%. Results: In the elderly, the mean age (SD) of psoriasis onset was 44 (10) years, men represented 47% of the sample, the prevalence of arthritis was 22%, and ungual involvement occurred in 72%. Topical corticosteroids were used more often among elderly people with psoriasis (100%) than among adults with the disease (86%), with no difference among other systemic treatments. Diabetes mellitus occurred in 30% of the elderly. Hypertension (59%), dyslipidemia (52%), depression (34%), and fatigue (59%) were more prevalent among the elderly with psoriasis than among the healthy controls.

6.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 186-191, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016549

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the current status of first aid knowledge among middle-aged and elderly residents aged 50 and above in a community in Shanghai, in order to provide reference for improving the self-rescue and mutual aid capabilities of middle-aged and elderly residents. MethodsA multi-stage stratified random sampling method was used to conduct a survey on 335 residents aged 50 and above in a community in Shanghai using a self-made survey questionnaire. The current situation and related factors of emergency knowledge level of residents aged 50 and above in the community were comprehensively analyzed. ResultsFirst aid knowledge level of 335 residents aged 50 and above was low, and the rate of high cognitive level was only 24.18%. Univariate analysis showed that male residents had a higher awareness rate than female residents (P=0.044), while residents aged 70 and above and 60‒ had lower awareness rates than residents aged 50‒ (P<0.05). Residents with chronic diseases had a higher awareness rate than those who did not (P=0.031). Residents with family members suffering from chronic diseases had a higher awareness rate than those without (P<0.001). Experience of first aid training affected residents’ awareness of first aid (P=0.003). ConclusionThe level of first aid knowledge among middle-aged and elderly residents aged 50 and above in the community is low. Age, the presence of chronic diseases in family members, and emergency training are independent and relevant factors that affect the awareness of first aid knowledge among middle-aged and elderly residents. The government and relevant institutions should explore the establishment of a standardized emergency response training system, implement classification and grading for middle-aged and elderly groups with different characteristics, and provide targeted emergency training to strengthen their self-rescue and mutual aid capabilities and improve the success rate of pre-hospital emergency care.

7.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 5-8, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016492

ABSTRACT

Objective @#To investigate the mediating effect of negative emotions on visual impairment and resilience among middle-aged and elderly populations, so as to provide insights into improving psychological health among middle-aged and elderly populations.@*Methods@#Demographic information, visual impairment, negative emotions and resilience in the residents at ages of 45 years and older were collected through the database of the Yushu Physical and Mental Health Survey carried out by Institute of Psychology of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Structural equation model was used to analyze the effects of visual impairment and resilience and the mediating role of negative emotions. @*Results@#Totally 2 997 middle-aged and elderly populations were enrolled, with the median age of 50.00 (interquartile range, 47.00) years. There were 1 320 males (44.04%) and 1 677 females (55.96%), 1 627 illiterate persons (54.29%), and 2 780 married persons (92.76%). The scores of visual impairment, negative emotions and resilience were (6.79±2.59), (6.35±3.05) and (33.38±10.41) points, respectively. The results of structural equation model analysis showed that after adjusting for age, gender, educational level and marital status, visual impairment had a direct negative positive effect on resilience, with a direct effect value of -0.157 (95%CI: -0.177 to -0.137), and visual impairment could also negatively affect residence through negative emotions, with a mediating effect value of -0.112 (95%CI: -0.126 to -0.104), and the mediating effect contributed 41.64% to the total effect.@*Conclusion@#visual impairment could reduce residence directly or indirectly through the mediating effect of negative emotions among middle-aged and elderly populations.

8.
Journal of Sun Yat-sen University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 226-232, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016443

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the effects of Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG)on microglia and Tau phosphorylation in the hippocampus of aged mice induced by anesthesia and surgery. MethodsA total of thirty 18-month-old C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into three groups: control group, anesthesia surgery group, and anesthesia surgery + LGG group (10 mice/group). The aged mice were oral administered by NS or LGG 109 CFU 150 μL once a day for 20 days. Then anesthesia surgery group and anesthesia surgery +LGG group received anesthesia with isoflurane and exploratory laparotomy. The activation status of microglia in the hippocampus was detected by immunofluorescence staining 12 hours after surgery. IL-6 concentration changes was detected by ELISA. The expression changes of Tau protein phosphorylation site (Tau-pS202/pT205) and total Tau protein was detected by western blot. ResultsThe microglia in the hippocampus of the control group were in a resting state, and the concentration of inflammatory factor IL-6 was (82.08 ± 12.07) pg/mL in control group. Compared to the control group, the anesthesia surgery group showed microglial cell Microglia were activated, the concentration of inflammatory factors IL-6 increased significantly to (123.7±5.72) pg/mL (P=0.000), and the expression of phosphorylated Tau-pS202/pT205 increased the hippocampus (P=0.002). Compared to the anesthesia surgery group, the activated microglia were inhibited, the concentration of IL-6 decreased to (96.68±9.59) pg/mL (P=0.008), and the expression of phosphorylated Tau-pS202/pT205 reduced significantly in the AS+LGG group (P=0.002). While there were no significant changes in total Tau protein among 3 groups. ConclusionPreoperative administration of probiotic LGG can alleviate the activation of microglia, increased secretion of inflammatory factors, and increased Tau protein phosphorylation levels in the hippocampus of elderly mice caused by anesthesia surgery.

9.
Journal of Public Health and Preventive Medicine ; (6): 137-140, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1016431

ABSTRACT

Objective To conduct a retrospective cohort study on the influencing factors of poor prognosis of young and middle-aged patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Methods Selecting 426 young and middle-aged patients who were diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis in our hospital from January to December 2018 as the research subjects. Collecting the social demography information of all patients and the information of potential factors affecting the prognosis (allergy history, smoking history, drinking history, BMI level, disease information, treatment information, etc.) and discussing the factors affecting the prognosis of young and middle-aged pulmonary tuberculosis patients and their effects. Results The average age of 426 patients was (41.93±5.17) years old, the average BMI of them was (21.97±3.15) kg/m2, and an average course of disease of them was (2.76±0.99) years. There was no significant difference in the basic sexual information between men and women. In this study, a total of 128 patients with poor prognosis were retrospectively followed up, including 90 males and 38 females. The detection rate of males was significantly higher than that of females (χ2=16.976, P2=18.850, P2=38.924, P2=127.207, P2=32.566, P2=16.715, P2=17.315, P2=16.976,P1 and P1 and P<0.05; Regular treatment still showed potential protective factors, with an HR of 0.408, P<0.05. Conclusion: Male, emaciated body type, disease course ≥ 5 years, smoking history, number of lung field lesions ≥ 3, presence of pulmonary cavities and comorbidities are potential risk factors, while regular treatment suggests potential protective factors. Conclusion More targeted disease control and management should be implemented for middle-aged and young patients with pulmonary tuberculosis based on the aforementioned influencing factors to improve their prognosis.

10.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 762-766, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013116

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To analyze the prevalence of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) in elderly patients with femoral neck fractures at admission and compare the concordance of 3 evaluation criteria. METHODS A retrospective study was conducted to review the data of elderly patients with femoral neck fractures admitted to the Department of Orthopedics in Northern Jiangsu People’s Hospital from July 2022 to June 2023. The PIMs were identified according to the Criteria of Potentially Inappropriate Medications for Older Adults in China:2017 edition (hereinafter referred to as Chinese criteria), American Geriatrics Society 2023 Updated AGS Beers Criteria® for Potentially Inappropriate Medication in Older Adults (hereinafter referred to as 2023 Beers criteria), third version criteria for screening tool of older people’s prescriptions for potentially inappropriate medication (hereinafter referred to as STOPP criteria version 3). The concordance of the 3 evaluation criteria was compared by using Kappa statistics. RESULTS A total of 246 patients were included in this study; 49 patients (19.92%) with 77 PIMs were detected by the Chinese criteria, 64 patients (26.02%) with 118 PIMs were detected by the 2023 Beers criteria, and 41 patients (16.67%) with 67 PIMs were detected by the STOPP criteria version 3; 22 patients met all three criteria simultaneously. The concordance among the three criteria showed moderate agreement (0.417≤Kappa≤0.486) when compared in pairs. CONCLUSIONS There are certain differences in the PIM evaluated by the three criteria, but the prevalence of PIMs is below 30% according to the different H202134) criteria. Benzodiazepines, antipsychotics, antidepressants, and other drugs may increase the risk of patients falling again.

11.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 1-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012674

ABSTRACT

Background and Objective@#COVID-19 contributes significantly to global morbidity and mortality. Age-related comorbidities elevate the risk of severe cases. Studies have recently demonstrated that widely available medications, including tocilizumab (TCZ), can manage severe symptoms. However, its effectiveness is unclear, particularly among the older population. Therefore, this review aimed to evaluate TCZ’s efficacy in managing severe pneumonia in individuals aged 50 and older.@*Methods@#We systematically search several databases and gray literature including Web of Science, CINAHL, Academic Search Complete, PsycINFO, PsycArticles, SocINDEX, CENTRAL/Cochrane Library, PubMed/MEDLINE for original research articles in English across several study designs published in the year 2020-2022. A narrative synthesis was conducted to summarize the evidence. We employed the NIH quality assessment tool for observational cohort studies to evaluate risk of bias. Additionally, we utilized GRADE to appraise the certainty of evidence.@*Results@#Among 539 screened articles, only five studies met the selection criteria. Tocilizumab's impact on severe COVID-19 pneumonia revealed a diverse effect on mortality rate, with 29% in the TCZ group, and 40% in the controls died within 30 days of intubation (OR 0.61; 95% CI, 0.27-1.36). It is also reported that TCZ was not associated with mortality, despite faster decline in pulmonary function and prolonged fever. Hospital mortality in the TCZ group was significantly lower than in the controls, and age over 60 was the only significant risk factor. Moreover, administering TCZ reduced mechanical ventilation needs, with 82% extubated compared to 53% in controls. However, 45% in TCZ group was associated with a higher ventilator-associated pneumonia rate than in the untreated group which was 20% (P < 0.001). Despite this, TCZ-treated patients had shorter hospital stays.@*Conclusions@#The effects of tocilizumab on reducing mortality risk and improving the survival rate of COVID-19 patients with pneumonia remained inconclusive. Yet, the majority of results suggested that giving tocilizumab leads to shorter hospital stays, lowers the requirement for mechanical ventilation, and decreases the likelihood of ICU transfer. Tocilizumab is linked to the incidence of secondary infections; hence, this medication should be closely monitored for side effects.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Pneumonia
12.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 40-46, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012653

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the correlation between skeletal muscle mass and metabolic syndrome (MS) disease risk among middle-aged and elderly community residents in Urumqi, and to provide a theoretical basis for understanding the relationship between skeletal muscle mass and MS among middle-aged and elderly community residents in China. MethodsA total of 1 438 community residents ≥ 50 years old were selected as the research subjects from July 2018 to January 2019 in Urumqi. They were selected from a multi-ethnic natural population cohort in Xinjiang. Data were collected through questionnaires, physical examination, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), laboratory tests, etc. Skeletal muscle mass was evaluated using the limb skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) corrected for body weight; MS was defined as it at least includes three of the following: abdominal obesity, hypertension, hyperglycemia, high triglycerides and low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. SMI was divided into four quantile arrays of Q1‒Q4. Trend χ2 test was applied to explore whether there was a correlation between SMI changes and MS. A multivariate logistic regression model was used to analyze whether there is a difference in the risk of MS between the higher SMI group (Q2, Q3, Q4) and the reference group Q1. ResultA total of 560 MS patients were detected in this study, with a prevalence rate of 38.94%. Among them, the prevalence rate of MS was 39.16% in males and 38.80% in females. The increase in male SMI grading level is not correlated with the prevalence of MS (trend P>0.05); After adjusting for confounding factors (model 4), the increase in SMI was still not related to the prevalence of MS (Ptrend=0.995). There was no statistical difference in the risk of MS between the lowest quartile group Q1 and the highest quartile group Q4 (OR=1.01, 95%CI: 0.69‒1.78). The prevalence of MS in women gradually decreased with the increase of SMI grading level (Ptrend<0.001); After adjusting for confounding factors (model 4), there was still a correlation between the increase of SMI and the prevalence of MS (Ptrend=0.005). With the lowest quartile of SMI Q1 as the reference group, the risk of MS in Q2 (OR=0.63, 95%CI: 0.40‒1.00), Q3 (OR=0.56, 95%CI: 0.34‒0.94), Q4 (OR=0.42, 95%CI: 0.23‒0.76) decreased. ConclusionAn increase in skeletal muscle mass may be beneficial for preventing MS, especially among middle-aged and elderly female residents. Considering the intensification of aging in China and the close relationship between MS and related comorbidities, managing skeletal muscle mass may contribute to potential MS prevention.

13.
Journal of Environmental and Occupational Medicine ; (12): 200-206, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012479

ABSTRACT

Background The number of persons with thyroid nodules has increased rapidly in recent years, and thyroid cancer caused by malignant nodules has become a key problem endangering the health of young and middle-aged groups in China. Objective To explore work and lifestyle influencing factors for developing thyroid cancer among young and middle-aged patients with thyroid nodules. Methods The subjects with thyroid nodules were reported by routine physical examines ordered at the Huadong Sanatorium. We conducted a 1∶4 matched case-control study in which 232 patients diagnosed with thyroid cancer from 2012 to 2022 were matched to 928 controls by gender and age (±5 years). A validated questionnaire was used to collect data on work and lifestyle behaviors. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were applied to explore potential relationships between selected factors (including environment, working hours, stress, diet, exercise, and mental health) and thyroid cancer. Spearman rank correlation was used to analyze the correlations between variables. Results The results of univariate logistic regression showed a history of thyroid cancer reported among first-degree relatives (OR=6.059, 95%CI: 1.007, 36.473), obesity (OR=1.973, 95%CI: 1.296, 3.004), noise and vibration exposure (OR=1.988, 95%CI: 1.143, 3.456), frequent stress (OR=2.093, 95%CI: 1.231, 3.559), frequent depression (OR=2.034, 95%CI: 1.048, 3.947), frequent anger (OR=1.791, 95%CI: 1.066, 3.012), frequent fried food diet (OR=1.535, 95%CI: 1.026, 2.297), and frequent fast food diet (OR=1.836, 95%CI: 1.048, 3.215) were risk factors for reporting thyroid cancer developing from thyroid nodules, while regular meals (OR=0.245, 95%CI: 0.061, 0.989) and frequent exercise (OR=0.571, 95%CI: 0.342, 0.952) were protective factors for reporting no thyroid cancer. The results of Spearman correlation analysis showed that body mass index was positively correlated with frequent fried food, fast food, and sugary beverage diets (r=0.123, 0.083, 0.077, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with frequent depression and anger (r=−0.090, −0.070, P<0.05). The results of multiple logistic regression found that a history of thyroid cancer reported among first-degree relatives (OR=6.712, 95%CI: 1.071, 42.066), obesity (OR=2.032, 95%CI: 1.321, 3.125), noise and vibration exposure (OR=1.991, 95%CI: 1.089, 3.637), and frequent stress (OR=2.468, 95%CI: 1.417, 4.300) were associated with an elevated risk of reporting thyroid cancer developing from thyroid nodules patients. Regular exercise (frequency≥3 times·week−1, > 30 min per episode) (OR=0.516, 95%CI: 0.300, 0.890) was associated with a lowered risk of reporting thyroid cancer. Conclusions Multiple risk factors associated with reporting thyroid cancer among young and middle-aged groups with thyroid nodules are identified, such as obesity, noise and vibration exposure, frequent stress, and lack of exercise.

14.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE02821, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1519808

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Desenvolver e validar o conteúdo de um protótipo de aplicativo móvel sobre Prevenção de Lesão por Pressão (LP) para cuidadores de idosos. Métodos Estudo metodológico de produção tecnológica do tipo protótipo em aplicativo móvel. O desenvolvimento do aplicativo foi guiado pelo modelo de Design Instrucional Contextualizado (DIC). A etapa de validação de conteúdo foi realizada com sete enfermeiros docentes de um curso técnico para cuidador de idosos em uma instituição federal de ensino com a aplicação do instrumento Suitability Assessement of Materials (SAM). Os dados foram analisados usando a estatística descritiva. Resultados O protótipo, que foi nomeado LPPrev, contém informações sobre conceito, estadiamento, causas das LP, principais locais de acometimento, além de lembretes para reposicionar o idoso no leito; há também possibilidade de registro de informações nutricionais, hidratação oral, higiene corporal e íntima e disponibilização de orientações sobre cuidados preventivos. A avaliação de conteúdo obteve 96,6% de concordância entre os docentes, sendo considerado um material de qualidade superior. Conclusão O LPPrev é um protótipo de aplicativo adequadamente estruturado segundo as categorias avaliadas pelo SAM, com informações relevantes aos cuidadores de idosos acamados e dependentes, contribuindo para o conhecimento teórico e cuidados fundamentais na prevenção de lesão por pressão, estando preparado para avançar para as demais etapas do modelo de DIC.


Resumen Objetivo Elaborar y validar el contenido de un prototipo de aplicación móvil sobre la prevención de úlcera por presión (UP) para cuidadores de personas mayores. Métodos Estudio metodológico de producción tecnológica de prototipo en aplicación móvil. El desarrollo de la aplicación fue guiado por el modelo de diseño educativo contextualizado (DEC). La etapa de validación de contenido fue realizada por siete enfermeros docentes de un curso técnico para cuidadores de personas mayores de una institución educativa nacional, mediante la aplicación del instrumento Suitability Assessement of Materials (SAM). Los datos se analizaron con estadística descriptiva. Resultados El prototipo, que fue llamado LPPrev, contiene información sobre el concepto, estadificación, causas de la UP, principales lugares de acometimiento, además de recordatorios para reposicionar a la persona mayor en la cama. También tiene la posibilidad de registrar información nutricional, hidratación oral, higiene corporal e íntima y dispone de instrucciones sobre cuidados preventivos. La evaluación de contenido obtuvo un 96,6 % de concordancia entre los docentes, por lo que es considerado un material de calidad superior. Conclusión El LPPrev es un prototipo de aplicación bien estructurado según las categorías evaluadas por el SAM, con información relevante para los cuidadores de personas mayores encamadas y dependientes. Contribuye para el conocimiento teórico y los cuidados fundamentales para la prevención de úlcera por presión y está preparado para avanzar hacia las siguientes etapas del modelo de DEC.


Abstract Objective To develop and validate the content of a mobile application prototype on Pressure Injury (PI) Prevention for elderly caregivers. Methods Methodological study of prototype-type technological production in mobile application. The application development was guided by the Contextualized Instructional Design (CID) model. The content validation stage was carried out by seven teaching nurses of a technical course for elderly caregivers in a federal educational institution with the application of the Suitability Assessment of Materials (SAM) instrument. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results The prototype, which was named LPPrev, contains information about the concept, staging, causes of LP, and main affecting sites, in addition to reminders to reposition the elderly in bed; registration of nutritional information, oral hydration, body and intimate hygiene, and guidance on preventive care is also possible. The content evaluation obtained 96.6% of agreement between professors, being considered a material of superior quality. Conclusion LPPrev is an application prototype properly structured according to the categories evaluated by the SAM, with relevant information for caregivers of bedridden and dependent elderly, contributing to theoretical knowledge and fundamental care in the prevention of injury by pressure, being prepared to move on to the other stages of the DIC model.

15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533695

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La gestión del cuidado de enfermería en personas mayores es todo un desafío en la actualidad para la profesión y más aún desde un enfoque andragógico. Objetivo: Exponer la fundamentación de los antecedentes de la andragogía en el proceso de gestión del cuidado de personas mayores por profesionales de enfermería. Métodos: Se realizó una revisión con el método de análisis bibliográfico a través de una búsqueda realizada entre los años 2010 al 2022, donde se consultaron bases de datos especializadas y se seleccionaron 33 publicaciones científicas sobre el tema. Resultados: El cuidado de personas mayores requiere una mirada transdisciplinaria y profesionales comprometidos con su cuidado. El profesional de enfermería responsable de la gestión debe considerar valores, actitudes y conocimientos de la disciplina que brindan una visión distinta y específica de la gestión de los cuidados. El avance científico ha permitido el incremento de la expectativa de vida de las personas, produciéndose un aumento significativo de personas mayores en el mundo manteniendo un adecuado cuidado como eslabón importante. La andragogía se encarga de la educación entre, para y por adultos y la asume como su objeto de estudio y realización, vista o concebida esta, como autoeducación, por lo cual, cobra importancia en los cuidados, pues interpreta el hecho educativo como un hecho andragógico, donde la educación y los cuidados se realizan como autoeducación. Conclusiones: Resulta importante la ejecución de investigaciones que beneficien el desarrollo del profesional de enfermería, para ayudar a disminuir las brechas que constan en la formación investigativa de estos profesionales y en las estructuras organizativas en las que estos se incorporan, dado en el proceso de gestión del cuidado de personas mayores desde un enfoque andragógico como mecanismo esencial.


Introduction: The management of nursing care in older people is a challenge for the profession today and even more so from an andragogical approach. Objective: To present the foundation of the background of andragogy in the process of managing the care of elderly people by nursing professionals. Methods: A review was carried out using the bibliographic analysis method through a search carried out between the years 2010 to 2022, where specialized databases were consulted and 33 scientific publications on the topic were selected. Results: Caring for the elderly requires a transdisciplinary approach and professionals committed to their care. The nursing professional responsible for the management must consider values, attitudes and knowledge of the discipline that provide a different and specific vision of care management. Scientific advances have allowed an increase in people's life expectancy, producing a significant increase in the number of older people in the world, maintaining adequate care as an important link. Andragogy is responsible for education among, for and by adults and assumes it as its object of study and realization, seen or conceived, as self-education, which is why andragogy gains importance in care, since it interprets the educational fact as an andragogical fact, where education and care are carried out as self-education. Conclusions: It is important to carry out research that benefits the development of nursing professionals, to help reduce the gaps that exist in the research training of these professionals and in the organizational structures in which they are incorporated, given in the care management process of older people from an andragogical approach as an essential mechanism.

16.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 18: e20230051, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1534308

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT. Frailty is defined as a recognizable state of increased vulnerability resulting from age-associated decline of function in various physiological systems, such that the ability to deal with acute or everyday stressors is compromised. Objective: The aim of the study was to characterize the sample of older adults with cognitive impairment, according to the frailty status indirectly assessed by family members, other clinical and sociodemographic variables; and to assess the overlap of clinical conditions evaluated in this sample with cognitive impairment. Methods: Data were extracted from the follow-up database of the Frailty in Brazilian Older Adults (FIBRA) study (2016-2017). The sample consisted of 130 elderly people with cognitive impairment assessed by the Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The scores for the Clinical Dementia Scale (CDR), Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia and Functional Activities Questionnaire were described. Frailty was indirectly measured through questions answered by family members about the five criteria that compose the frailty phenotype. Results: The sample consisted mostly of older women (n=91) with a mean age of 82.4 (SD=5.3) years, mean schooling of 3.3 years (SD=3.07), widowed (47.7%) and who lived with children and/or grandchildren (68%). More than half had multimorbidity (74.90%), 39.5% had depression symptoms suggestive of major depression, 57% had impaired functionality, 49.3% were frail, 37.6% pre-frail, and 13.10% robust. Conclusion: Among older adults with cognitive impairment, frailty and functional limitations are common.


RESUMO. A fragilidade é definida como um estado reconhecível de vulnerabilidade aumentada resultante do declínio da função associado à idade em vários sistemas fisiológicos, de modo que a capacidade de lidar com estressores agudos ou cotidianos fica comprometida. Objetivo: Caracterizar uma amostra de pessoas idosas com comprometimento cognitivo, segundo o estado de fragilidade, avaliado de forma indireta por familiares, assim como outras variáveis clínicas e sociodemográficas; e avaliar a sobreposição das condições clínicas avaliadas nesta amostra com o comprometimento cognitivo. Métodos: Os dados foram extraídos do banco de dados de acompanhamento do estudo Fragilidade em Idosos Brasileiros (FIBRA - 2016-2017). A amostra foi composta por 130 idosos com comprometimento cognitivo avaliado pelo Mini-Exame do Estado Mental (MEEM). Foram descritos os escores da Escala Clínica de Demência (CDR), da Escala Cornell de Depressão em Demência e do Questionário de Atividades Funcionais. A fragilidade foi mensurada indiretamente por meio de questões respondidas junto aos familiares sobre os cinco critérios que compõem o fenótipo de fragilidade. Resultados: A amostra foi composta em sua maioria por mulheres idosas (n=91) com idade média de 82,4 (DP=5,3) anos, escolaridade média de 3,3 anos (DP=3,07), viúvas (47,7%) e que viviam com filhos e/ou netos (68%). Mais da metade apresentava multimorbidade (74,90%), 39,5% apresentavam sintomas depressivos sugestivos de depressão maior, 57% tinham funcionalidade prejudicada, 49,3% eram frágeis, 37,6% pré-frágeis e 13,10% robustos. Conclusão: Entre idosos com alterações cognitivas, é comum a co-ocorrência de fragilidade e de limitações funcionais.

17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(2): e20230790, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535079

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of influenza immunization in elderly people in Brazil in 2019. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study. The Brazilian individuals (≥60 years) who participated in the 2019 National Health Survey were included. The survey was conducted in permanent households in Brazil from August 2019 to March 2020. The prevalences of influenza vaccination and their respective confidence intervals (95%CI) were estimated according to sociodemographic characteristics and the diagnosis of chronic diseases. RESULTS: The prevalence of influenza vaccination was 72.4% (95%CI 71.5-73.2), with statistically significant differences observed between genders (p=0.001), age groups (p=0.001), and those living with a spouse/partner (p=0.002). Significant differences were found in groups with arterial hypertension (75.2%, p<0.001), diabetes (77.2%, p<0.001), and arthritis or rheumatism (75.5%, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: A global prevalence of influenza vaccination of 72.4% was estimated among elderly people in Brazil.

18.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 70(2): e20230924, 2024. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535094

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between upper limb kinetics and perceived fatigability in elderly individuals during an upper limb position sustained isometric task. METHODS: A total of 31 elderly participants, 16 men (72.94±4.49 years) and 15 women (72.27±6.05 years), performed a upper limb position sustained isometric task. Upper-limb acceleration was measured using an inertial measurement unit. Perceived fatigability was measured using the Borg CR10 scale. RESULTS: Higher mean acceleration in the x-axis throughout the activity was associated with higher final perceived fatigability scores. Moderate correlations were observed between perceived fatigability variation and mean acceleration cutoffs in all axes during the second half of the activity. In women, significant correlations were found between all perceived fatigability cutoffs and mean acceleration in the y- and x-axes. However, in men, the relationships between perceived fatigability variation and mean acceleration were more extensive and stronger. CONCLUSION: The acceleration pattern of the upper limb is linked to perceived fatigability scores and variation, with differences between sexes. Monitoring upper limb acceleration using a single inertial measurement unit can be a useful and straightforward method for identifying individuals who may be at risk of experiencing high perceived fatigability or task failure.

19.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 27: e230089, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535596

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Investigar a aceitação e adequação de um programa de exercícios multicomponentes por videoconferência para longevos em Porto Alegre (RS), Brasil. Método Estudo Quase experimental. Os participantes realizaram o protocolo de exercícios multicomponentes ViviFrail® durante 12 semanas, com a aceitação e adequação avaliadas semanalmente por videoconferência. O questionário de aceitação e adequação foi baseado em uma escala Likert (de 0 a 4) de seis barreiras que os participantes enfrentam ao fazer exercício físico, com pontuação máxima de 24 pontos (aceitação máxima). Resultados A aceitação foi de 70%, com 14 participantes concluindo o protocolo (89,07±6,30 anos). A consistência interna, (alfa de Cronbach) para o questionário, foi de 70%, considerada moderada. Os participantes mostraram um aumento geral na aceitação dos 17,8±3,51 pontos iniciais, para 22,0±2,94 pontos no final. Quatro (28.6%) necessitaram de adequação no protocolo de exercício. Conclusão O programa de exercícios multicomponente ViviFrail®, com acompanhamento através de videoconferência, foi bem aceito e adequado, podendo ser uma importante ferramenta para a promoção da qualidade de vida, principalmente em longevos com dificuldade de sair de casa, tanto por problemas de mobilidade, quanto por ambientes sociais desfavoráveis (violência urbana e situações sanitárias). O questionário de aceitação e adequação, que necessitou ser criado, foi capaz de detectar barreiras do


Abstract Objective To investigate the acceptability and adequacy of a multicomponent exercise program via videoconferencing for the oldest-old in Porto Alegre, a city in southern Brazil. Method This is a quasi-experimental study. Fourteen participants were enrolled in the multicomponent exercise program Vivifrail® for 12 weeks, 5 days a week, with weekly video calls for assessment of acceptability and adequacy. The acceptability and adequacy questionnaire was based on 6 barriers that older adults face when engaging in physical exercise. Responses were measured using a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 0 to 4 points, with a maximum score of 24 points (maximum acceptability). Results Fourteen participants (89.07±6.30 years) concluded the protocol, with an acceptability rate of 70%. Internal consistency was moderate, with a Cronbach's coefficient alpha of 0.7. Participants showed an overall increase in acceptability and adequacy (from 17.8±3.51 points in the first week to 22.0±2.94 in the 12th week). Four participants (28.6%) required some modification to the exercise protocol. Conclusion The Vivifrail® protocol, together with weekly follow-up via videoconferencing, was well accepted and adequate. It could be an important tool for promoting quality of life, especially in the oldest-old with difficulty leaving home. The acceptability questionnaire was able to detect exercise barriers and suggest possible modifications to the training program and could be presented as a suggestion for the evaluation of intervention protocols in the oldest-old population. Therefore, the Vivifrail® protocol, with weekly follow-up via videoconferencing, could be a new field of intervention for health professionals.

20.
Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. (Online) ; 27: e230088, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535598

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Descrever o perfil de comportamento preventivo contra covid-19 adotado pelas pessoas idosas e verificar sua relação com as condições sociais e de saúde. Método Estudo transversal e analítico realizado com 72 indivíduos (≥ 60 anos) cadastrados em uma Universidade Aberta para Pessoas Idosas, no município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil. Os participantes foram contatados por meio de ligações telefônicas, no período de novembro de 2020 a junho de 2021. Um total de 11 medidas preventivas foram analisadas para a identificação dos comportamentos adotados pelas pessoas idosas contra covid-19. Para a análise dos dados, utilizaram-se análise de componentes principais, testes qui-quadrado de Pearson e Exato de Fisher, com 95% de confiança. Resultados A adoção de comportamentos preventivos foi avaliada por meio das atividades de: higienização das mãos com água e sabão, uso do álcool em gel, uso de máscara facial e distanciamento social. A maioria dos indivíduos mencionou a adoção de comportamentos preventivos (79,2%), e verificou-se que aqueles com renda inferior a quatro salários-mínimos apresentaram maiores proporções de comportamento (87,5%) quando comparados aos indivíduos de renda superior a 10 salários-mínimos (46,2%) (p=0,038). Conclusão Houve adoção às medidas preventivas para covid-19 pelos idosos, influenciada pela renda. Os achados ressaltam a importância de estratégias educativas para promoção de comportamentos preventivos em saúde, considerando o contexto social.


Abstract Objective To delineate the profile of preventive behavior against covid-19 adopted by older adults and investigate its correlation with social and health conditions. Method A cross-sectional and analytical study conducted with 72 individuals (≥ 60 years) enrolled in an Open University for Older Adults in the municipality of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Participants were contacted via telephone from November 2020 to June 2021. A total of 11 preventive measures were scrutinized to identify the behaviors adopted by older adults against covid-19. Data analysis employed principal component analysis, Pearson's chi-square tests, and Fisher's exact tests, with a confidence level of 95%. Results The adoption of preventive behaviors was assessed through activities such as hand hygiene with soap and water, use of hand sanitizer, wearing facial masks, and practicing social distancing. The majority of individuals reported the adoption of preventive behaviors (79.2%), and it was observed that those with incomes below four minimum wages exhibited higher proportions of compliance (87.5%) compared to individuals with incomes exceeding 10 minimum wages (46.2%) (p=0.038). Conclusion Preventive measures against covid-19 were embraced by the older adults, influenced by income. The findings underscore the significance of educational strategies for fostering health preventive behaviors, taking into account the social context.

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