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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13091

ABSTRACT

Herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) amplicon vectors are versatile and useful tools for transferring genes into cells that are capable of stimulating a specific immune response to their expressed antigens. In this work, two HSV-1-derived amplicon vectors were generated. One of these expressed the full-length glycoprotein D (gD) of bovine herpesvirus 1 while the second expressed the truncated form of gD (gDtr) which lacked the trans-membrane region. After evaluating gD expression in the infected cells, the ability of both vectors to induce a specific gD immune response was tested in BALB/c mice that were intramuscularly immunized. Specific serum antibody responses were detected in mice inoculated with both vectors, and the response against truncated gD was higher than the response against full-length gD. These results reinforce previous findings that HSV-1 amplicon vectors can potentially deliver antigens to animals and highlight the prospective use of these vectors for treating infectious bovine rhinotracheitis disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Female , Mice , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Blotting, Western/veterinary , Genetic Vectors/immunology , Herpesvirus 1, Bovine/genetics , Herpesvirus 1, Human/genetics , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Immunization/methods , Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis/immunology , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Neutralization Tests/veterinary , Specific Pathogen-Free Organisms , Viral Proteins/genetics , Viral Vaccines/immunology
2.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1462564

ABSTRACT

A survey of antibody to IBR was performed by serum neutralization test and ELISA in cattle sera supplied on demand sampling in Minas Gerais State, during the period of 1990 to 1999. Out of 5511 tested samples, 3206 (58.2%) were positive and out of 335 evaluated counties, 313 (93.4%) had at least one positive result. It was noted an increasing interest by farmers and practitioners on IBR serological diagnosis since 1995, when the amount of animals and counties submitted to test greatly increased in comparison with past years. The role of serology in adequate diagnosis of IBR is discussed.

3.
Ciênc. rural ; 25(3): 421-424, 1995. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-529521

ABSTRACT

A presença de anticorpos neutralizantes contra o BHV-1, foi pesquisada pelo teste de soroneutralização (SN) em 2.341 soros, dos quais 747 apresentaram resultado positivo, representando 31,9 por cento de bovinos infectados pelo BHV-1. Os soros foram enviados de 112 propriedades da Região Sul, sendo na maioria rebanhos de gado de corte com problemas reprodutivos. Foram detectados bovinos sorologicamente positivos em 80 propriedades, representando 71,3 por cento, demonstrando a expressiva disseminação do vírus nos rebanhos desta região.


Serum antibodies against BHV-1 were studied, by the serum neutralization test, in cattle from Southem Brazil. Samples were collected from 2341 cattie from 112 farms that had reprodution problems. Positive results were obtained in 747 (31.9) cattie from 80 (71.31 percent) farms, given evidence of the expressivo vírus dissemination in cattie from this region.

4.
Ciênc. rural ; 25(3): 425-430, 1995. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-529522

ABSTRACT

Soros de 7956 bovinos leiteiros foram testados pela técnica de soro-neutralização para determinar a prevalência de anticorpos contra o Herpesvírus Bovino Tipo 1 (HVB 1). As amostras provinham de 99 municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul. Os municípios foram agrupados em nove bacias leiteiras conforme critérios da Cooperativa Central Gaúcha de Leite (CCGL). A prevalência de anticorpos encontrada foi de 18,8 por cento. Dos 99 municípios testados 91 (91,9 por cento) apresentaram pelo menos um animal positivo e 8 (8,1 por cento) foram negativos. A maioria das bacias leiteiras apresentou uma prevalência semelhante à demonstrada pelo restante do Estado. A bacia 7, região de Passo Fundo apresentou a mais baixa prevalência (12 por cento) e a bacia 9, região de Quaraí, a mais alta (49,5 por cento). As amostras foram divididas em quatro grupos etários: animais até 2 anos, 2 a 4, 4 a 6 e maior que 6 anos. Observou-se que a prevalência aumentou com a idade, com a maior diferença verificada entre o primeiro e o segundo grupo e que a infecção ocorre com maior frequência em animais com mais de 2 anos. Não foi verificada diferença significativa entre título de anticorpos e idade dos animais. A grande relevância dos resultados está na prevalência comprovada de 54,5 por cento de propriedades positivas representando 371 de um total de 685 testadas no Estado. Levando-se em consideração os resultados deste inquérito pode-se afirmar que o Herpesvírus Bovino Tipo 1 encontra-se disseminado no rebanho bovino gaúcho. Medidas de prevenção e controle devem ser adotadas com urgência para impedir a progressão da infecção.


Sera samples of 7956 dairy catlle were tested with the serum neutralization test for antibody prevalence against Bovine Herpesvirus Type 1 (BHV 1). The samples were collected in 99 counties of the Rio Grande do Sul State. The counties were grouped in 9 dairy regions as determined by the "Cooperativa Central Gaúcha de Leite" (CCGL). The antibody prevalence among the 7956 será samples studied was 18.8 percent. The results demonstrated a similar antibody prevalence among the dairy regions. However, two regions had significant differences. Region 7 represented by "Passo Fundo" county had a prevalence of 12 percent and region 9 represented by "Quaraí" with the highest prevalence with 49.5 percent. The sera samples were divided into four groups according to cattle age: cattle with less than two years of age, 2 to 4, more than 4 to 6, and older than 6 years age. The results showed that the prevalence increases gradually with age. The major difference was between group 1 and 2. The results also demonstrated that the infection is more frequent in cattle older than two years. There was no significant difference among antibody titers between the age groups. The major relevance of the study was the prevalence of 54.5 percent positive herds, that represents 371 positive from a total of 685 herds tested. Considering this prevalence, it is clear that the BHV 1 is disseminated among the dairy population of the State. Prevention and control methods should be adopted so the spread of the infection can be withhold.

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