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1.
MHSalud ; 21(1): 67-81, ene.-jun. 2024. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1558386

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: El componente genético se ha establecido como un factor de riesgo considerable para la ruptura del ligamento cruzado anterior (RLCA). La investigación actual se ha centrado en conocer los genes candidatos que pueden influir y predisponer a un sujeto a padecer esta lesión. Objetivo: Se llevó a cabo un análisis bibliométrico para rastrear los resultados de la indagación e identificar las tendencias globales, así como las brechas en el conocimiento sobre la relación entre el componente genético y la RLCA. Metodología: Los datos fueron extraídos de las bases Pubmed y Scopus, igual que analizados en el paquete Bibliometrix del software R. Se identificó un total de 63 estudios publicados a partir del 2007. Resultados: La mayoría de las publicaciones identificadas fueron artículos de investigación (85.71 %). Los autores con mayor número de aquellas se encuentran en Polonia y Sudáfrica. El análisis a través del mapa de coocurrencias reveló que hay una línea principal de investigación basada en el estudio de polimorfismos genéticos, especialmente en los genes de las familias del colágeno (COL1A1, COL5A1, COL12A1, en mayor frecuencia). Un total de 54 genes candidatos fueron identificados en los estudios. Conclusión: Esperamos que este estudio pueda contribuir a encontrar puntos claves y vacíos de investigación, al proporcionar análisis integrales e información estructurada sobre este tema.


Abstract: Introduction: Genetic component has been established as a significant risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament rupture (ACLR). Current research has focused on knowing the candidate genes that can influence and predispose a subject to this injury. Objective: A bibliometric analysis was carried out to trace the results of the research and identify global trends and gaps in knowledge about the relationship between the genetic component and ACLR. Methodology: Data were extracted from the Pubmed and Scopus databases and analyzed in the Bibliometrix package of the R software. A total of 63 studies published since 2007 were identified. Results: Most of the publications recovered were research articles (85.71%). The authors with the highest number of those are in Poland and South Africa. The analysis through the co-occurrence map reveals that there is a mainline of research based on the study of genetic polymorphisms, especially in the genes of the collagen families (COL1A1, COL5A1, COL12A1, in greater frequency). A total of 54 candidate genes were identified within the studies. Conclusion: We hope that this study can help to find key points and research gaps by providing a comprehensive analysis and structured information on this topic.


Resumo: Introdução: O componente genético foi estabelecido como um fator de risco significativo para a ruptura do ligamento cruzado anterior (RLCA). As pesquisas atuais têm se concentrado em identificar os genes candidatos que podem influenciar e predispor um indivíduo a essa lesão. Objetivo: Foi realizada uma análise bibliométrica para rastrear os resultados das pesquisas e identificar tendências globais e lacunas no conhecimento sobre a relação entre o componente genético e a RLCA. Metodologia: Os dados foram extraídos das bases de dados Pubmed e Scopus e analisados no pacote Bibliometrix do software R. Um total de 63 estudos publicados desde 2007 foram identificados. Resultados: A maioria das publicações recuperadas foram artigos de pesquisa (85,71%). Os autores com o maior número dessas publicações estão na Polônia e na África do Sul. A análise por meio do mapa de coocorrência revela que há uma linha principal de pesquisa baseada no estudo de polimorfismos genéticos, especialmente nos genes das famílias de colágeno (COL1A1, COL5A1, COL12A1, com maior frequência). Um total de 54 genes candidatos foram identificados nos estudos. Conclusão: Esperamos que este estudo possa ajudar a encontrar pontos-chave e lacunas de pesquisa, fornecendo uma análise abrangente e informações estruturadas sobre este tema.

2.
Chinese Journal of Biologicals ; (12): 183-187, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006856

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the effect of glutaminase 1(GLS1)specific inhibitor BPTES[bis-2-(5-phenylacetamido-1,3,4-thiadiazol-2-yl)ethyl sulfide]on the liver fibrosis in the mouse model of liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride(CCl4).Methods Male C57BL/6J mice were intraperitoneally injected with olive oil(control group),10%CCl4(10 μL/g,model group)or 10% CCl4(10 μL/g)+ BPTES(10 mg/kg,treatment group),with 10 mice in each group,two doses a week for four weeks to establish liver fibrosis model. Collagen deposition in mouse liver tissue was observed by Sirius red staining. The expression levels of actin alpha 2(Acta2),collagen typeⅠalpha 1(Col1a1)GLS1 and GLS1 protein were detected by qRT-PCR and immunohistochemical staining.Results Compared with the control group,the liver tissue of mice in the model group was generally enlarged,the surface was not smooth and granular,and the ratio of liver mass to tibia length significantly increased(t = 2. 979,P < 0. 05);The Sirius red positive area of collagen deposition increased signifi-cantly in the liver tissue of mice in the model group(t = 7. 661,P < 0. 01),the relative expression levels of Acta2 and Col1a1 significantly increased(t = 4. 335 and 5. 319,respectively,each P < 0. 01),and the mRNA and protein levels of GLS1 significantly increased(t = 5. 319 and 9. 725,respectively,each P < 0. 01). However,compared with the model group,the BPTES treatment group had a reduction in liver mass,a significant reduction in the Sirius red positive area of collagen deposition in liver tissue(t = 7. 427,P < 0. 01),and a significant reduction in the relative expressions of Atca2 and Col1a1(t = 3. 713 and 2. 628,respectively,each P < 0. 05).Conclusion Inhibition of GLS1activity can significantly improve the degree of liver fibrosis induced by CCl4,providing a new idea for the treatment of liver fibrosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006355

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To evaluate the stability and aesthetic effect of a xenogeneic collagen matrix (mucograft) on achieving an adequate keratinized mucosa width (KMW) around implants and to provide a reference basis for the clinical application of xenogeneic collagen matrix materials.@*Methods@#The hospital ethics committee approved the study protocol, and the patients provided informed consent. Twenty patients with a KMW<2 mm at the buccal implant site who were treated in Binzhou Medical University Affiliated Yantai Stomatological Hospital from July 2020 to September 2022 were included, and a total of 36 implants were included. The mean age of the patients was (52.0±10.4) years, of which 18 were females and 2 were males. They were divided into a free gingival graft group (FGG, control group) and a xenogeneic collagen matrix group (test group) according to different graft materials. The incremental effect of the KMW on the buccal side of the implant and the mucosal shrinkage rate was measured at 1 month and 3 months after the operation. The mucosal scar index (MSI) was evaluated after the operation.@*Results@#At 3 months postoperatively, the KMW was (3.67 ± 1.06) mm in the control group and (2.96 ± 0.98) mm in the test group, and the difference was statistically significant (t = 2.076, P<0.05). The KMW shrinkage rate was (33.34 ± 16.30) % in the test group and (22.05 ± 15.47) % in the control group at 1 month postoperatively and (51.95 ± 12.60) % in the test group and (37.44 ± 16.30) % in the control group at 3 months postoperatively, with statistically significant differences between the two groups at the same time points (P<0.05). Three months after surgery, the test group showed significantly better outcomes than the control group in terms of the five scar indicators (scar width, scar convexity, scar color, scar trace, and overall appearance), and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Xenogeneic collagen matrix can increase the peri-implant KMW and achieve a more natural and coordinated soft tissue aesthetic effect but with a higher shrinkage rate.

4.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 707-711, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To investigate the ameliorative effects and mechanism of Sanwei ganlu on hepatic fibrosis in rats. METHODS The rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, silibinin group (positive control, 50 mg/kg), and Sanwei ganlu low-dose, medium-dose, and high-dose groups (80, 250, 800 mg/kg). Except for normal group, hepatic fibrosis rat models were established by intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 in the other groups of rats. Starting from the 6th week of modeling administration, they were given normal saline or corresponding drugs intragastrically at the same time. At the end of the ninth-week experiment, liver and spleen indexes of rats were calculated; the pathological structure and fibrosis changes of liver tissue were observed by HE, Masson and Sirus Red staining. The contents of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), procollagen type Ⅲ (PC Ⅲ), collagen type Ⅳ (COL-Ⅳ), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and IL-1β in serum, and hyaluronic acid (HA) and laminin (LN) in liver tissue were all detected. RESULTS Compared with the model group, the liver injury and collagen fiber deposition of rats were improved to different extents in Sanwei ganlu groups and silibinin group; the contents of ALT, AST, PC Ⅲ, COL-Ⅳ, IL-6, TNF-α and IL-1β in serum as well as the contents of HA and LN in liver tissue significantly decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS Sanwei ganlu can alleviate the progression of hepatic fibrosis in rats, possibly by inhibiting the synthesis of collagen fiber, reducing transaminase content, down-regulating the levels of HA, LN, PC Ⅲ and COL-Ⅳ, and reducing the inflammatory response.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013086

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the effects of PssL-NAC reactive oxygen species (ROS)-responsive nanoparticles on intracellular ROS production, inflammatory factor levels, collagen production, cell function and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), NF-κB nuclear factor-κB (p65) pathway protein expression in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) induced by Porphyromonas gingivalis-lipopolysaccharide (P.g-LPS).@*Methods@#This study was reviewed and approved by the ethics committee. PssL-NAC microspheres containing oil soluble antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) were obtained by connecting the hydrophobic end of polycaprolactone (PCL) and the hydrophilic end of polyethylene glycol (PEG) via thioketal (TK) bonds in response to ROS, and self loading in the aqueous and oil phases. After preparation of the PssL-NAC microspheres and aqueous NAC solution, successful synthesis of the nanoparticles was verified by transmission electron microscopy. Then, HGFs were exposed to P.g-LPS (0, 5, or 10 μg/mL), P.g-LPS (0, 5, or 10 μg/mL)+NAC, and P.g-LPS (0, 5, or 10 μg/mL)+PssL-NAC, and the ROS levels in the different groups were observed under confocal microscopy to determine the concentration of P.g-LPS for use in subsequent experiments. The groups were as follows: control group (no treatment), P.g-LPS group (HGFs treated with P.g-LPS), NAC group (HGFs treated with P.g-LPS and NAC), and PssL-NAC group (HGFs treated with P.g-LPS and PssL-NAC). Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) assays verified the biosafety of PssL-NAC. The ROS levels in the different groups were detected by DCFH-DA probes and observed via confocal microscopy. Real-time qPCR (RT-qPCR) was used to monitor the gene expression levels of the intracellular inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), collagen 1 (COL1) and collagen 3 (COL3). The effect of PssL-NAC on the migration of HGFs was observed via the scratch test. The protein expression of TLR4-NF-κB, and phosphorylated p65 (p-p65) in the TLR4-NF-κB pathway was evaluated by Western blot.@*Results@#PssL-NAC had no significant effect on HGF proliferation (P>0.05). At elevated P.g-LPS concentrations, PssL-NAC maintained intracellular ROS levels approximately twice those in the control group (P<0.001). PssL-NAC significantly decreased P.g-LPS-induced IL-6 (P<0.001) and TNF-α (P<0.001) gene expression and increased COL1 gene expression (P<0.001). After P.g-LPS stimulation, PssL-NAC restored cell migration to the control level (P>0.05) and decreased the protein expression of TLR4 (P<0.001), p65 (P = 0.006), and p-p65 (P = 0.017) in the TLR4-NF-κB pathway.@*Conclusion@#PssL-NAC maintains the appropriate intracellular ROS concentration, alleviates P.g-LPS-induced inflammation in HGFs through the TLR4-NF-κB pathway, and restores the cell functions of collagen production and migration in an inflammatory environment.

6.
International Eye Science ; (12): 607-611, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012830

ABSTRACT

AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of corneal stromal lenticule-combined accelerated transepithelial corneal collagen cross-linking(SC-A-TE-CXL)in the treatment of severe keratoconus.METHODS: Prospective before-after self-control study. A total of 10 cases(14 eyes)of severe keratoconus with the thinnest corneal thickness(including epithelium)less than 400 μm were collected from March 2019 to July 2022 at the ophthalmology department of Affiliated Eye Hospital of Nanjing Medical University. Among them, 8 males(12 eyes)and 2 females(2 eyes)were treated with SC-A-TE-CXL. Corneal curvature, uncorrected visual acuity(UCVA), best corrected visual acuity(BCVA), the thinnest corneal thickness(TCT), central corneal thickness(CCT), non-contact intraocular pressure, endothelial cell density(ECD)and anterior or posterior elevations at the thinnest point before surgery and at 1, 3, 6 and 12 mo postoperatively were observed and recorded, as well as corneal cross-linking depth at 1 mo postoperatively.RESULTS: UCVA and BCVA at 1, 3, 6, and 12 mo after SC-A-TE-CXL were higher than those preoperatively, but there were no differences(F=0.793, P=0.535; F=0.783, P=0.542). K1, K2, Km and Kmax decreased at each time point postoperatively compared with those preoperatively, but there were no differences(F=0.627, P=0.574; F=1.264, P=0.296; F=0.727, P=0.520; F=1.115, P=0.359). Anterior and posterior elevations at the thinnest point both decreased compared with those preoperatively, but the differences were not statistically significant(F=1.046, P=0.359; F=1.164, P=0.337). The non-contact intraocular pressure at each time point postoperatively was higher than that preoperatively, but the differences were not statistically significant(F=0.814, P=0.522). There were no differences in CCT and TCT at any time points of the follow-ups compared with those preoperatively(F=0.931, P=0.453; F=0.782, P=0.542). There was no difference in ECD at 12 mo postoperatively versus preoperative value(t=1.266, P=0.228). At 1 mo postoperatively, anterior segment optical coherence tomography(AS-OCT)exhibited an increase of density in the anterior stroma, and there was a demarcation line with an average depth of 124.07±25.13 μm.CONCLUSION: SC-A-TE-CXL can be considered as a surgical treatment for severe keratoconus, which can delay the progression of severe keratoconus with high safety. However, the long-term efficacy of this treatment requires further observation.

7.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 87(3): e2022, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1520225

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to examine the effects of unilateral corneal collagen cross-linking treatment on visual acuity and the topographic findings of the fellow untreated eye of patients who had bilateral progressive keratoconus. Methods: Patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent cross-linking treatment were screened retrospectively. A total of 188 untreated eyes of 188 patients whose eyes were treated unilaterally with either standard or accelerated cross-linking and refused cross-linking procedure for the fellow eye were included. Visual acuity and topographic findings of the fellow untreated eyes were obtained preoperatively and postoperatively at the 1st, 3rd, 6th, 12th, 24th, 30th, and 36th months. Results: The change over time of variables examined was similar in the untreated eyes of patients who received standard and accelerated cross-linking methods (p>0.05). At the 12th month, 136 (95.8%) untreated eyes were stable according to progression criteria. Only 4 (8%) eyes were progressive at the 24th month. No progression was observed in any of the 16 patients with a 36-month follow up. Conclusions: The results showed that the fellow untreated eyes of patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus did not have significant progression rates after unilateral cross-linking treatment.


RESUMO Objetivo: Examinar os efeitos do tratamento de reticulação unilateral do colágeno corneano na acuidade visual e os achados topográficos em olhos não tratados de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral. Métodos: Foram rastreados retrospectivamente pacientes com ceratocone progressivo submetidos a tratamento de reticulação. Foram incluídos no estudo 188 olhos não tratados de 188 pacientes tratado unilateralmente com reticulação padrão ou acelerada e que recusaram o procedimento de reticulação no outro olho. A acuidade visual e os achados topográficos dos olhos não tratados foram obtidos no pré- e pós-operatório no 1º, 3º, 6º, 12º, 24º, 30º e 36º mês. Resultados: As alterações ao longo do tempo foram semelhantes para as variáveis examinadas nos olhos não tratados de pacientes tratados com métodos de reticulação padrão e acelerado (p>0,05). No 12º mês, 136 olhos não tratados (95,8%) estavam estáveis, de acordo com os critérios de progressão. Apenas quatro olhos (8%) mostraram progressão no 24º mês. Nenhuma progressão foi observada nos 16 pacientes que tiveram um acompanhamento de 36 meses. Conclusões: O estudo mostrou que os olhos não tratados de pacientes com ceratocone progressivo bilateral não apresentaram taxas de progressão significativas após o tratamento unilateral com reticulação.

8.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230268, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528889

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This retrospective study aimed to analyze the clinical efficacy of two regenerative surgical methods — Bio-Oss granules combined with barrier membranes and Bio-Oss Collagen alone — and to help clinicians achieve better periodontal regeneration outcomes in the specific periodontal condition. Methodology Patients who underwent periodontal regeneration surgery from January 2018 to April 2022 were retrospectively screened, and their clinical and radiographic outcomes at 6 months postoperatively were analyzed. The probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), bleeding on probing (BOP), gingival recession (GR), distance from the cemento-enamel junction to the bottom of the bone defect (CEJ-BD), and depth of intrabony defects (INFRA) were recorded before the operation (T0) and 6 months after it (T1), and subsequently compared. Results In total, 143 patients were included — 77 were placed in the Bio-Oss group and 66 were placed in the Bio-Oss Collagen group. All indicators, including PD and CAL at T1, showed significant differences compared to baseline, for both groups (P<0.001). PD reduction was greater in the group receiving the Bio-Oss Collagen treatment (P=0.042). Furthermore, in cases when the baseline PD range was 7-11 mm and the age range was 35-50 years, PD reduction was more significant for patients receiving the Bio-Oss Collagen treatment (P=0.031, 0.023). A linear regression analysis indicated that postoperative PD and CAL were positively correlated with baseline values, and that the efficacy tended to decrease with increasing age. Conclusion Both the use of Bio-Oss Collagen alone and the use of Bio-Oss granules combined with barrier membranes resulted in significant effects in the treatment of periodontal intrabony defects. The Bio-Oss Collagen treatment generated more improvements in PD than the Bio-Oss granules combined with barrier membranes, particularly within the baseline PD range of 7-11 mm and the 35-50 years age group. Additionally, age was the main factor influencing the effectiveness of regenerative surgery for intrabony defects: older individuals exhibited fewer improvements.

9.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 23: e244006, 2024. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1553400

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of pretreatment with ethanolic solutions of caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE) at varying concentrations on the dentin collagen matrix, specifically focusing on its biomodification potential. This was assessed through evaluations of the modulus of elasticity and changes in mass. Methods: Seventy dentin collagen matrices (demineralized sticks) were prepared to receive treatments with ethanolic solutions of CAPE at concentrations of 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, or 2.5%, or with control treatment solutions (distilled water or ethanol) for one hour. The dentin matrices were evaluated for modulus of elasticity and mass before (baseline), immediately after treatment (immediately), and after storage in Simulated Body Fluid (SBF) for time intervals of 1 and 3 months. Results: Generalized linear models for repeated measures over time indicated no significant differences between groups (p=0.7530) or between different time points (p=0.4780) in terms of the modulus of elasticity. Regarding mass variation, no differences were observed in the time interval between 1 month and the immediate time (p=0.0935). However, at the 3-month mark compared to the immediate time, the 0.1% CAPE group exhibited less mass loss compared to the water group (p=0.0134). Conclusion: This study concludes that various concentrations of CAPE in an ethanolic solution did not affect the modulus of elasticity of dentin, suggesting that CAPE lacks biomodifying potential in this context. However, it was observed that 0.1% CAPE positively influenced the variation in mass over different evaluation time intervals


Subject(s)
Caffeic Acids , Collagen , Dentin , Ethanol , Linear Models
10.
J. appl. oral sci ; 32: e20230359, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550471

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to analyze the longitudinal bond strength of a universal adhesive and chemically characterize the dentin substrate under different acid etching protocols. Methodology Dentin samples were etched with polyacrylic acid 25% (PAA) for 10 seconds (n=3) and phosphoric acid 32% (PA) for 15 seconds (n=3) and analyzed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy - attenuated total reflectance (FTIR-ATR) before and after treatment. For collagen degradation, samples (n=12) were divided into 3 groups: PAA, PA, and Deionized water (control), and analyzed by the quantity of solubilized type I collagen C-terminal cross-linked telopeptides and solubilized C-terminal peptide in relation to total protein concentration (ICTPtp and CTXtp) and by their ultimate tensile strength (UTS). For the adhesive interface analysis, dentin samples (n=72) were divided into 3 groups: PAA, PA, and Self-etch (SE), and subdivided into 2 groups: 24 h (baseline) and 1 year. The following tests were performed: microtensile bond strength (μTBS) (n=48), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) (n=12), and nanoleakage (n=12). Results The FTIR of PAA showed lower reduction of the peaks in the phosphate group when compared to PA. For ICTPtp, PA showed a significantly higher value. For CTXtp, PA and PAA groups failed to statically differ from each other. UTS was significantly lower for PA. For μTBS, storage time significantly affected bond strength. The results were unaffected by the etching protocol. For SEM, after 1 year, PA had little evidence of degradation in the upper third of the adhesive interface in comparison to the other groups. Nanoleakage showed no considerable silver impregnation after 1 year in the SE group. Conclusion The use of PAA prior to a universal adhesive (when compared to PA) represents a less aggressive type of etching to dentin. However, self-etching still seems to be the best option for universal adhesive systems that have functional monomers in their composition.

11.
J. bras. pneumol ; 50(1): e20230132, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1550513

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD) represents a group of systemic autoimmune disorders characterized by immune-mediated organ dysfunction. Systemic sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, idiopathic inflammatory myositis, and Sjögren's syndrome are the most common CTDs that present with pulmonary involvement, as well as with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features. The frequency of CTD-ILD varies according to the type of CTD, but the overall incidence is 15%, causing an important impact on morbidity and mortality. The decision of which CTD patient should be investigated for ILD is unclear for many CTDs. Besides that, the clinical spectrum can range from asymptomatic findings on imaging to respiratory failure and death. A significant proportion of patients will present with a more severe and progressive disease, and, for those, immunosuppression with corticosteroids and cytotoxic medications are the mainstay of pharmacological treatment. In this review, we summarized the approach to diagnosis and treatment of CTD-ILD, highlighting recent advances in therapeutics for the various forms of CTD.


RESUMO Doença pulmonar intersticial associada à doença do tecido conjuntivo (DPI-DTC) representa um grupo de distúrbios autoimunes sistêmicos caracterizados por disfunção de órgãos imunomediada. Esclerose sistêmica, artrite reumatoide, miosite inflamatória idiopática e síndrome de Sjögren são as DTC mais comuns que apresentam acometimento pulmonar, bem como pneumonia intersticial com achados autoimunes. A frequência de DPI-DTC varia de acordo com o tipo de DTC, mas a incidência total é de 15%, causando um impacto importante na morbidade e mortalidade. A decisão sobre qual paciente com DTC deve ser investigado para DPI não é clara para muitas DTC. Além disso, o espectro clínico pode variar desde achados assintomáticos em exames de imagem até insuficiência respiratória e morte. Parte significativa dos pacientes apresentará doença mais grave e progressiva, e, para esses pacientes, imunossupressão com corticosteroides e medicamentos citotóxicos são a base do tratamento farmacológico. Nesta revisão, resumimos a abordagem do diagnóstico e tratamento de DPI-DTC, destacando os recentes avanços na terapêutica para as diversas formas de DTC.

12.
Rev. Ciênc. Saúde ; 13(4): 46-51, Dezembro 2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1526801

ABSTRACT

Este estudo relata um caso de flacidez abdominal após 3 gestações no qual foi utilizada a técnica de fios de polidioxanona (PDO) lisos e espiculados, técnica ainda não descrita na literatura paratratarestaqueixa.Apacientefoiacompanhadapor90dias,ehouvemelhoradaabertura da prega umbilical, do tônus da pele, de densidade dérmica e da flacidez tissular após 60 dias. Neste período, a paciente declarou estar totalmente satisfeita e foiestabelecidaaaltadotratamento.Comestepresenterelatodecasopodemosconcluirquea terapia combinada de fios de PDO parafusos e fios de PDO espiculados (Sculpt®) apresentam resultados muito expressivos em relação a qualidade da pele promovendo melhora visível na flacidez tissular


Thisstudyreportsacaseofabdominalflaccidityafterthreepregnancies,inwhichthetechnique ofsmoothandspiculatedpolydioxanonethreadswasused,atechniquenotyetdescribedinthe literature to treat this complaint. The patient was followed up for 90 days, but there was an improvement in the opening of the umbilical fold, skin tone, increase in dermal density and especially a reduction in tissue flaccidity in 60 days. During this period, the patient declared thatshewascompletelysatisfied,anddischargefromtreatmentwasestablished.Withthiscase report, we can conclude that the combined therapy of PDO threads screws and PDO threads spiculated (Sculpt®) presentvery expressive results about the quality of the skin, promoting a visible improvement in tissue flaccidity


Subject(s)
Humans , Case Reports , Abdomen , Muscle Hypotonia
13.
J. res. dent ; 11(2): 52-56, Oct 2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513038

ABSTRACT

Aims: Considering that Cranberry's components might inhibit dentin metalloproteinases exposed to erosive agents, the aim of this study was to evaluate in situeffect of a Cranberry gel application on dentin before an erosive challenge.Materials and methods: This crossover double-blinded study was performed in 2 phases of 5 days each, with 10 healthy volunteers who wore 2 palatal devices (1 for each phase) with 4 dentin specimens (2 specimens for each group). The groups under study were:First Phase: G1 -Erosivechallenge (Coca-cola®) over dentin without any previous treatment (1st negative control group); G2 -Erosive challenge over dentin previously treated with Cranberry gel (test group); and Second Phase: G3 -Erosive challenge over dentin previously treated with a gel without any active principle (2ndnegative control group); G4 -Erosive challenge over dentin previously treated with 0.12% Chlorhexidine gel (positive control group). Each device was immersed into the acid beverage, 3 times daily for 5 minutes during 5 days. Profilometry (µm) was used to quantify the dentin wear. Data were analyzed by Repeated Measures Analysis of Variance followed by Fisher's test (p<0.05).Results: Data (G1: 4.98 ± 1.36a; G2: 3.29 ± 1.16b; G3: 4.38 ± 1.19a; G4: 3.32 ± 1.55b) showed no statistical difference between G1 and G3. There was also no difference between G2 and G4. However, G2 and G4 presented lower wear when compared to G1 and G3, and this difference was statistically significant. Conclusion: The results of this studysuggest a significant efficacy of Cranberry gel in preventing wear of dentin subjected to dental erosion.

14.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992, Impr.) ; 69(9): e20221210, set. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514744

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the expression of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 and its C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4, and the tumor-stroma ratio using collagen stromal content of breast cancer samples, correlating it with clinicopathological data. METHODS: Through a retrospective cohort study, samples were obtained from female patients, over 18 years of age, with the disease in stages 1-4, who underwent mastectomy or lumpectomy. The biopsies were provided by the Oncology sector of the Hospital das Clínicas of Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife city, in 2011-2014, including samples of invasive ductal carcinoma, ductal carcinoma in situ, or benign changes (fibroadenoma and hypertrophy), which were analyzed between 2020 and 2022 by immunohistochemistry for the expression of stromal cell characteristics. Collagen content was tested by Gomori staining and digital analysis of images. RESULTS: Absence of stromal expression of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 was associated with longer disease-free survival (disease-free survival=0.481), and expression of C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 was associated with lower disease-free survival. An association was observed between clinicopathological variables and stromal expression of chemokines, that is, an association of stromal C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 with histological grade, angiolymphatic invasion, and an association between C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 expression and histological grade. Analyses of digital pixels images of collagen and tumor cells showed a lower percentage of collagen in the invasive ductal carcinoma samples (39%), unlike samples without neoplasms (78%). CONCLUSION: Low expression of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 12 may be associated with a worse prognosis for breast cancer. Collagen staining analyzed using digital images represents an opportunity for clinical application and is indicative of the prognosis of the tumor microenvironment in breast carcinoma.

15.
Odontol.sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 26(3): e24730, jul.-set.2023.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1538051

ABSTRACT

Objetive. Human teeth have been commonly used for in vitro and in situ studies. Cu­rrently, other animals' teeth have been purposed for dental research to overcome human teeth' problematic availability. This study aimed to investigate the enamel and dentin from human, bovine, and ovine teeth concerning the microhardness, organic, and in­ organic contents via micro­Raman spectroscopy. Methods. Human, bovine, and ovine teeth were divided according to their type and age into seven groups: Ovine; Bovine­12 months; Bovine­24 months; Bovine­36 months; Bovine­48 months; Bovine­+60 months; Human (control). The enamel's microhardness (superficial and deep) and den­tin (superficial, middle, and deep) were analyzed. The calcium/phosphate ratio and am­ide contents were determined by micro­Raman spectroscopy. Results. Overall, the mi­crohardness of human enamel was superior to the other species. Dentin's microhardness was similar among groups. Ovine group showed lower values of calcium/phosphate ratio than human. Amide content was similar between bovine and human. The microhardness and calcium/phosphate ratio of enamel and dentin, respectively, decreased as the age of bovine teeth increased. Conclusions. Researchers must be aware and take into consider­ation the differences of ovine and bovine enamel compared to human enamel. Other al­ternatives that are more similar to the microhardness of human enamel should be sought. Bovine teeth of 12 and 24 months are suitable substitutes for dentin of human teeth. Researchers must also be aware of the age of the animals and specify it in the studies.


Objetivo. Los dientes humanos se han utilizado comúnmente para estudios in vitro e in situ. Actualmente, los dientes de otros animales se han destinado a la investiga­ción dental para superar la disponibilidad problemática de los dientes humanos. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar el esmalte y la dentina de los dientes humanos, bovinos y ovinos en relación con la microdureza y los contenidos orgánicos e inor­gánicos a través de la espectroscopia micro­Raman. Métodos. Los dientes humanos, bovinos y ovinos se dividieron según su tipo y edad en siete grupos: Ovinos; Bovino­12 meses; Bovino­24 meses; Bovino­36 meses; Bovino­48 meses; Bovino­+60 meses; Hu­mano (control). Se analizó la microdureza del esmalte (superficial y profunda) y de la dentina (superficial, media y profunda). La relación calcio/fosfato y los contenidos de amida se determinaron mediante espectroscopía micro­Raman. Resultados. En general, la microdureza del esmalte humano fue superior a la de otras especies. La microdureza de la dentina fue similar entre los grupos. El grupo ovino mostró valores más bajos de la relación calcio/fosfato que el humano. El contenido de amida fue similar entre bovinos y humanos. La microdureza y la relación calcio/fosfato del esmalte y la dentina, respectiva­mente, disminuyeron a medida que aumentaba la edad de los dientes bovinos. Conclusiones. El esmalte de los dientes ovinos y bovinos no es un sustituto adecuado del de los dientes humanos. Se deben buscar otras alternativas que sean similares a la microdureza del esmalte humano. Sin embargo, los dientes bovinos de 12 y 24 meses son sustitutos adecuados de la dentina de los dientes humanos. Los investigadores deben conocer la edad de los animales y especificarla en los estudios.

16.
Indian J Pathol Microbiol ; 2023 Jun; 66(2): 360-362
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-223449

ABSTRACT

Epidermolysis bullosa dystrophica (EBD) is an inherited disease of the structural proteins in the upper dermis, characterized by blister formation at the site of trauma followed by scarring. Skin fragility and blistering are the hallmarks of this disease. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is a dreadful complication in the epidermolysis bullosa (EB) patients and common cause of death. The recent advances in distinct tumor microenvironment explain the aggressive nature of SCC in recessive Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa (RDEB) patients and the use of collagen VII re-expression as a possible therapeutic measure. Regular follow-up is a must in preventing complications.

17.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-218524

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In squamous cell carcinoma, cells invade the stroma in the form of islands, strands or sheets, which are surrounded by an extracellular matrix, thus producing reactive changes in the stroma. These reactive changes in the stroma may alter the biological behavior of oral cancer which convey some diagnostic and prognostic significance. Objective: This study was to compare staining intensity of various components of connective tissue such as collagen, elastin and glycoprotein among three histological grades of oral squamous cell carcinoma and normal oral mucosa. Materials and Methods: A total sample of 48 in which 36 cases of histologically diagnosed oral squamous cell carcinoma, 12 each of well, moderate and poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas and 12 sections of normal mucosa as the control group were selected for the present study. The sections of tissue blocks were stained with connective tissue specific stains such as Verhoeff’s -VanGieson stain and PAS for collagen, elastin and glycoprotein respectively. Results: Staining intensity of collagen, elastin and glycoprotein around tumor island among different grades of OSCC and normal mucosa revealed statistically significant changes (P value <0.001). Collagen and glycoprotein degradation and elastosis are more prominent in poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinomas. Conclusion: Observable changes were seen in the stroma, in all the three grades of OSCC’s compared to normal mucosa. There was an increased stromal response in poorly differentiated carcinomas, when compared to the other grades. Role of the stroma is like a double-edged sword, at times helping in tumor invasion and otherwise warding off the tumor cells.

18.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(3): 25-32, May-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1447604

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the tissue repair capacity of four bioceramic endodontic sealers by quantifying type I and III collagen fibers. The following sealers were tested: EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler, Brasseler, Savannah, USA), Bio C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, Brazil), Bioroot RCS (Septodont, Santa Catarina, Brazil), and Sealer Plus BC (MKLife, Porto Alegre, Brazil). Polyethylene tubes 1.5 mm in diameter and 1 cm in length containing the endodontic sealers were implanted in the subcutaneous tissue of five rats (Rattus norvegicus albinus, Wistar lineage). After 14 days, the animals were euthanized, and collagen fibers were quantified from the histological tissue sections. Given a non-normal distribution of the data, a gamma regression with log link function was employed and implemented through the generalized linear models module, was used to test whether there was a significant difference between the sealers. The pairwise comparison was performed using Least significant difference. There were significant differences between the sealers for type I (p=0.001), type III (p=0.023), and total collagen (p=0.002). Overall, Bioroot sealer was statistically superior to the other sealers, except in the analysis of type III collagen, in which there was no difference between the Bioroot sealer and Bio C Sealer sealer and the control group (p>0.05). Bioroot RCS bioceramic endodontic sealer stimulates a greater production of collagen.


Resumo Este estudo visou avaliar a capacidade de reparação de tecidos de quatro cimentos endodônticos biocerâmicos através da quantificação de fibras colágenas de tipo I e III. Foram testados os seguintes cimentos: EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler, Brasseler, Savannah, EUA), Bio C Sealer (Angelus, Londrina, Brasil), Bioroot RCS (Septodont, Santa Catarina, Brasil), e Sealer Plus BC (MKLife, Porto Alegre, Brasil). Foram implantados tubos de polietileno de 1,5 mm de diâmetro e 1 cm de comprimento contendo os cimentos endodônticos no tecido subcutâneo de cinco ratos (Rattus norvegicus albinus, linhagem Wistar). Após 14 dias, os animais foram eutanasiados e as fibras colágenas foram quantificadas a partir de cortes histológicos do tecido. Diante de uma distribuição não-normal dos dados, uma regressão gama com função de ligação log, implementada por meio do módulo de modelos lineares generalizados, foi empregada para testar se havia diferença significativa entre os cimentos. A comparação dois a dois foi realizada utilizando Least significant difference. Houve diferença significativa entre os cimentos para os colágenos tipo I (p=0,001), tipo III (p=0,023) e colágeno total (p=0,002). No geral, o cimento Bioroot foi estatisticamente superior aos demais cimentos, com exceção na análise do colágeno tipo III na qual não houve diferença entre o cimento Bioroot e o cimento Bio C Sealer e o grupo controle (p>0,05). O cimento endodôntico biocerâmico Bioroot RCS foi capaz de estimular uma maior produção de colágeno.

19.
Braz. dent. j ; 34(3): 57-65, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1447608

ABSTRACT

Abstract The current literature on guided bone regeneration (GBR) and guided tissue regeneration (GTR) membrane contamination reports that the physicochemical characteristics of these biomaterials might influence affinity to bacteria, which appears to be a major drawback for the clinical outcome of the regenerative procedures. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate, in vitro, a multispecies biofilm adherence and passage of bacteria through different types of commercially available membranes for GTR/GBR. Four types of membranes were tested (n=12): LC) Lumina Coat®; JS) Jason®; BG) Biogide®; and LP) Lumina PTFE®. Aluminum foil (AL) simulated an impermeable barrier and was used as the control. The membranes were adapted to specific apparatus and challenged with a mixed bacterial culture composed of A. actinomycetemcomitans b, S. mutans, S. mitis, and A. israelii. After 2 h or 7 days, bacterial adhesion and passage of bacteria were evaluated through CFU counting, which was analyzed by two-way ANOVA e post hoc Tukey, at a 5% significance level. Representative areas of two membranes of each group were analyzed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to assess the morphology and organization of the biofilm over the membrane fibers. LC and LP presented similar values of adhered bacterial cells (p > 0.05), significantly inferior when compared to the other groups, in both time points (p < 0.05). All the tested groups were permeable to bacterial cells, with no significant difference between the trial period of 2 h and 7 days (p > 0.05). SEM analyses demonstrated that adhered bacteria number increased throughout the time points (2 h < 7 days). Commercially available biological membranes demonstrated intense bacterial adherence and passage of bacteria, which increased throughout the trial period.


Resumo O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar, in vitro, a aderência do biofilme multiespécie e a passagem de bactérias através dos diferentes tipos de membranas disponíveis comercialmente para RTG/ROG. Quatro tipos de membranas foram testados (n=12): LC) Lumina Coat®; JS) Jason®; BG) Biogide®; e LP) Lumina PTFE®. Papel alumínio (AL) simulou uma barreira impermeável e foi usado como controle negativo. As membranas foram adaptadas à um aparato específico e desafiadas com uma cultura bacteriana mista composta de A. actinomycetemcomitans b, S. mutans, S. mitis, e A. israelii. Após 2 h ou 7 dias, a aderência e passagem bacteriana foi avaliada através da contagem de UFCs. Duas membranas de cada grupo foram analisadas através da microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV). LC e LP apresentaram valores semelhantes de células bacterianas aderidas (p < 0.05), significativamente inferiores quando comparados aos outros grupos, em ambos os períodos experimentais (p < 0.05). Desde a análise inicial, todos os grupos testados foram permeáveis às células bacterianas, sem diferença significativa entre o período experimental de 2 h e 7 dias (p > 0.05). As análises em MEV demonstraram que o número de bactérias aderidas aumentou com o tempo (2 h < 7 days). Membranas biológicas comercialmente disponíveis demonstraram intensa aderência bacteriana e passagem de bactérias, que aumentou durante os períodos experimentais.

20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 38(2): 1-6, abr.jun.2023. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1443466

ABSTRACT

Skin quality deteriorates with age for various reasons, including hormone deficiencies. In women, the decline in estrogen levels during menopause plays an important role in skin degeneration, with consequent atrophy, collagen reduction, loss of elasticity, and impaired wound healing. Research has demonstrated the beneficial effects of topical phytoestrogen in preventing and repairing skin aging, with localized action and without side effects. The objective of this study was to review the relevant literature, demonstrating that this can be a safe and effective alternative for treating the skin of perimenopausal women.


A qualidade da pele deteriora-se com a idade por vários motivos, incluindo as deficiências hormonais. Nas mulheres, o declínio dos níveis de estrógeno, durante a menopausa, tem papel importante na degeneração cutânea, com consequente atrofia, redução do colágeno, perda de elasticidade e deficiência da cicatrização de feridas. Pesquisas têm demonstrado efeitos benéficos do fitoestrogênio tópico na prevenção e reparação do envelhecimento cutâneo, com ação localizada e sem efeitos colaterais. O objetivo deste estudo foi revisar a literatura pertinente ao assunto, demonstrando que esta pode ser uma alternativa segura e eficaz para o tratamento da pele de mulheres na perimenopausa.

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