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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 29: e2022_0174, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394823

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: The knee joint is one of the sites of greatest mechanical stress in the lower limbs. The overload generated by impacts, blows from falls, and torsions in collisions can generate disabling tissue damage that is difficult to recover from. Although lacking clinical diagnosis, some studies have pointed out that implementing functional training in rehabilitation can reduce the period of disability and the harmful effects of immobilization. Objective: Study the clinical diagnosis and the optimization of training for knee sports injuries. Methods: This experiment uses the intra-group comparison method. The method used in the experiment is a rehabilitation training protocol for the knee joint, focusing on quadriceps muscle strength and balance. The training cycle is six times per week for one month. Results: The optimization in exercise training evidenced a good improvement in functional ability and pain condition, reflected in the athletes' balance ability. After training optimization, 9 out of 12 athletes recovered completely, and three improved significantly. Conclusion: Trainers should follow the physical rehabilitation orders and match them with the athletes' actual situation, sport types, etc., designing the appropriate sports mode for the athletes to promote training optimization and reduce sports joint injuries. Level of Evidence II; Therapeutic Studies - Outcome Investigation.


RESUMO Introdução: A articulação do joelho é um dos locais com maior estresse mecânico nos membros inferiores. A sobrecarga gerada por impactos, os golpes por quedas e torções em colisão podem gerar danos teciduais incapacitantes e de difícil recuperação. Embora careça de diagnósticos clínicos, alguns estudos têm apontado que a implementação do treinamento funcional na reabilitação pode reduzir o período de incapacitação e os efeitos deletérios da imobilização. Objetivo: Estudar o diagnóstico clínico e a otimização no treinamento para lesões esportiva do joelho. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza o método de comparação intragrupo. O método utilizado no experimento é o protocolo de um treinamento de reabilitação direcionado a articulação do joelho, com foco na força e equilíbrio muscular do quadríceps. O ciclo de treinamento é de 6 vezes por semana, durante 1 mês. Resultados: A otimização no treinamento do exercício evidenciou uma boa melhora na capacidade de funcional e condição de dor, refletindo na melhoria da capacidade de equilíbrio dos atletas. Após a otimização do treinamento, 9 dos 12 atletas se recuperaram completamente, e 3 atletas melhoraram significativamente. Conclusão: Os treinadores devem acatar as ordens de reabilitação física e combiná-las com a situação real dos atletas, tipos esportivos, entre outros fatores, projetando o modo esportivo adequado aos atletas, visando promover a otimização do treinamento e reduzir as lesões esportivas nas articulações. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos - investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: La articulación de la rodilla es uno de los lugares de mayor tensión mecánica en los miembros inferiores. La sobrecarga generada por los impactos, los golpes de las caídas y las torsiones en colisión pueden generar daños tisulares incapacitantes y de difícil recuperación. Aunque carecen de diagnóstico clínico, algunos estudios han señalado que la aplicación del entrenamiento funcional en la rehabilitación puede reducir el periodo de discapacidad y los efectos nocivos de la inmovilización. Objetivo: Estudiar el diagnóstico clínico y la optimización del entrenamiento de las lesiones deportivas de la rodilla. Métodos: Este experimento utiliza el método de comparación intragrupo. El método utilizado en el experimento es el protocolo de un entrenamiento de rehabilitación dirigido a la articulación de la rodilla, centrado en la fuerza muscular del cuádriceps y el equilibrio. El ciclo de entrenamiento es de 6 veces por semana durante 1 mes. Resultados: La optimización en el entrenamiento de ejercicios evidenció una mejora en la capacidad funcional y en el estado del dolor, lo que se refleja en la mejora de la capacidad de equilibrio de los atletas. Tras la optimización del entrenamiento, 9 de los 12 atletas se recuperaron por completo, y 3 atletas mejoraron significativamente. Conclusión: Los entrenadores deben seguir las órdenes de rehabilitación física y combinarlas con la situación real de los atletas, los tipos de deporte, etc., diseñando el modo de deporte adecuado para los atletas, con el objetivo de promover la optimización del entrenamiento y reducir las lesiones articulares deportivas. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos - investigación de resultados.

2.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387510

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To translate and validate the Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up (M-CHAT-R/F) from English to Brazilian Portuguese, taking transcultural differences into account. Methods: Permission for the translation was obtained from the author of the scale. Translation and back-translation were performed, and the document was then assessed for reference and general equivalence. Specialists in childhood autism evaluated the scale. A preliminary version was prepared and pre-tested in a sample population, and a final version was validated with the target population. Results: Only one question had issues relating to referential equivalence. The 10 individuals questioned in the pre-test all understood most of the instrument, although some suggested substituting certain terms to improve comprehension. The final version was reached following inclusion of pertinent suggestions and was submitted to validation with the target population, indicating a sensitivity of 88.2% for a cutoff point greater than 2 points. Conclusions: A Brazilian version of the M-CHAT-R/F scale, approved by specialists and understandable by the target audience, is now available for use.


RESUMO Objetivo: Realizar a tradução e validação do inglês para o português do Brasil da escala Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up para triagem precoce do autismo, respeitando a equivalência transcultural. Métodos: Foi obtida permissão da autora da escala e realizaram-se tradução, retrotradução, avaliação da equivalência referencial e geral, avaliação de especialistas em autismo infantil, elaboração da versão preliminar, pré-teste, elaboração da versão final e validação com população-alvo. Resultados: Apenas uma das questões não foi 100% semelhante na avaliação da equivalência referencial. Das 10 pessoas interrogadas no pré-teste, todas compreenderam a maior parte do instrumento, contudo houve algumas sugestões de substituição de termos e exemplos para facilitar a compreensão. Após a incorporação das sugestões pertinentes, foi elaborada a versão final, que, submetida à validação com a população-alvo, indicou sensibilidade de 88,2% para ponto de corte maior que 2 pontos. Conclusões: O estudo torna disponível a versão em português da escala Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers, Revised with Follow-Up, considerada adequada por especialistas e compreensível pela população.

3.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 30: e62764, jan. -dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1393332

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a prevalência das características definidoras da proposição diagnóstica sede perioperatória, comparando-as no período pré e pós-operatório imediato. Método: estudo quantitativo realizado em um hospital universitário de grande porte no norte do Paraná, no período de dezembro de 2019 à janeiro de 2020, com 150 pacientes. Resultados: A média do tempo de jejum foi de 13 horas (±5:11). Apresentaram sede no pré-operatório 69,3% dos pacientes e 81,3% no pós-operatório; intensidade média de 4,62 (±3,6) e 5,67 (±3,53). A característica definidora mais relatada nos dois períodos foi boca seca (75,3%-86,7%), seguida por lábios ressecados (71,3%-82,7%); vontade de beber água (64%-72,7%); constante deglutição de saliva (62,7%-70%); garganta seca (58%-72%); saliva grossa (48,7%-53,4%); língua grossa (46%-54,7%); gosto ruim na boca (41%-46%); relato do cuidador (0,7%-0%). Conclusão: houve alta prevalência e intensidade da sede em ambos os períodos avaliados; cinco das nove características definidoras apresentaram diferença significativa entre os dois momentos avaliados.


Objective: to evaluate the prevalence of defining characteristics of the proposed diagnosis perioperative thirst, as compared between the pre- and immediate postoperative period. Method: this quantitative study was conducted with 150 patients at a large university hospital in northern Paraná, from December 2019 to January 2020. Results: mean fasting time was 13 hours (±5:11). 69.3% of the patients presented thirst preoperatively and 81.3%, in the postoperative period; mean intensity was 4.62 (±3.6) and 5.67 (±3.53). The most frequently reported defining characteristic in both periods was dry mouth (75.3%- 86.7%), followed by dry lips (71.3%-82.7%); desire to drink water (64%-72.7%); constant swallowing of saliva (62.7%-70%); dry throat (58%-72%); thick saliva (48.7%-53.4%); thick tongue (46%-54.7%); bad taste in the mouth (41%-46%); caregiver's report (0.7%-0%). Conclusion: prevalence and intensity of thirst were high in both periods evaluated; five of the nine defining characteristics differed significantly between the periods.


Objetivo: evaluar la prevalencia de las características definitorias de la propuesta diagnóstica sed perioperatoria, comparándolas en el periodo pre y postoperatorio inmediato. Método: estudio cuantitativo realizado em un hospital universitario de gran porte en el norte de Paraná, de diciembre de 2019 a enero de 2020 junto a 150 pacientes. Resultados: el tiempo medio de ayunas fue de 13 horas (±5:11). El 69,3% de los pacientes presentó sed en el preoperatorio y el 81,3% en el postoperatorio; la intensidad media fue de 4,62 (±3,6) y 55,67 (±3,53). La característica definitoria notificada con mayor frecuencia en ambos períodos fue boca seca (75,3%-86,7%), seguida de labios resecos (71,3% - 82,7%); deseo de tomar agua (64% - 72,7%); deglución constante de saliva (62,7%-70%); garganta seca (58%-72%); saliva espesa (48,7%-53,4%); lengua gruesa (46%-54,7%); sabor desagradable en la boca (41%-46%); informe del cuidador (0,7%-0%) Conclusión: hubo alta prevalencia e intensidad de sed en ambos periodos evaluados; cinco de las nueve características definitorias mostraron una diferencia significativa entre los dos momentos evaluados.

4.
Odontol. Sanmarquina (Impr.) ; 25(4): e23839, oct.-dic.2022.
Article in Spanish, English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400844

ABSTRACT

El bruxismo se define como una actividad muscular repetitiva de la mandíbula, carac-terizado por apretar o rechinar los dientes debido al arrastre o empuje de la mandíbula. Puede manifestarse durante el sueño o la vigilia. La prevalencia del bruxismo del sueño en adultos es entre el 22% al 30% y un 1% al 15% para bruxismo en vigilia. Presenta una etiología asociada a dos grupos de factores: los centrales (psicológicos y fisiopatológi-cos) y los periféricos (morfológicos). Dentro de los métodos diagnósticos se encuentran como posible (enfoque no instrumental o autoinforme), probable (autoinforme y exa-men clínico) o definitivo (autoinforme, examen clínico y polisomnografía). El estándar de oro para el diagnóstico del bruxismo del sueño es la polisomnografía. En relación a sus repercusiones se puede encontrar diferentes tipos de lesiones de tejidos duros dentales, principalmente abfracciones, atrición y lesiones mixtas. A nivel músculo-esquelético la evidencia es conflictiva ya que se ha asociado a fatiga muscular, sensibilidad y tensión pero no existe una relación lineal causa ­ efecto. Existe una relación directa y estadísti-camente significativa entre bruxismo del sueño y cefaleas matutinas. El objetivo de esta revisión es desarrollar los aspectos más importantes del bruxismo en adultos, enfocándo-se en su etiología, diagnóstico y fisiopatología en adultos


Bruxism is defined as a repetitive muscular activity of the jaw, characterized by clenching, or grinding of the teeth due to dragging or thrusting of the jaw. It can manifest itself during sleep or wakefulness. The aim of this review is to establish the most important aspects of bruxism in adults, focusing on its etiology, diagnosis, and its repercussions in adults. The prevalence of sleep bruxism among adults ranges from 22% to 30% and between 1% to 15% for bruxism during wakefulness. Its etiology is associated with two groups of factors: central (psychological and pathophysiological) and peripheral (morphological). In diagnostic methods, it is found as possible (non-instrumental approach or self-report), probable (self-report and clinical examination) or definitive (self-report, clinical examination and polysomnography). The gold standard for the diagnosis of sleep bruxism is polysomnography. In terms of its repercussions, we can find different types of dental hard tissue lesions, mainly abfractions, attrition and mixed lesions. At the musculoskeletal level, the evidence is contradictory as it has been associated with muscle fatigue, sensitivity, and tension, but there is no linear cause-effect relationship. A direct and statistically significant relationship exists between sleep bruxism and morning headaches.

5.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 21(1): 29-40, ene.-abr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1397927

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las respuestas humanas de la persona ante enfermedades nuevas como infecciones por coronavirus (COVID-19), deben estar plasmados en los diagnósticos de enfermería como parte de la utilización del pensamiento crítico al establecer un plan de cuidados. Objetivo: describir la frecuencia de los diagnósticos de enfermería reportados en expedientes de pacientes con infección por COVID-19.Material y métodos: investigación clínica, con enfoque cuantitativo, retrospectivo; muestra probabilística conformada por 163 expedientes de pacientes hospitalizados por diagnóstico COVID-19 del Hospital General de Tula, entre abril y octubre 2020. La información se recabó en una ficha de recolección de datos diseñada ex profeso, acorde a la hoja de enfermería del hospital, utilizando la taxonomía NANDA-I. Investigación aprobada por el Comité de ética e investigación. Resultados: n=163 expedientes, pacientes con infección COVID-19 edad entre 20 y 92 años, 58.9 % del género masculino; en el tratamiento establecido 97.5 % tuvo oxigenoterapia, el rango de estancia de 0-24 días de hospitalización. Los diagnósticos de enfermería registrados con mayor frecuencia fueron riesgo de aspiración (f=1095), ansiedad (f=1079), disconfort (f=928), fatiga (f=862), riesgo de shock (f=813), patrón respiratorio ineficaz (f=660) y limpieza ineficaz de las vías aéreas (f=606). Conclusiones: los diagnósticos de enfermería de la taxonomía NANDA-I son aplicables en pacientes con infección COVID-19, el más frecuente: riesgo de aspiración.


Introduction: the person's human responses to new diseases such as coronavirus infections (COVID-19), must be reflected in nursing diagnoses as part of the use of critical thinking when establishing a care plan. Objective: To describe the frequency of nursing diagnoses reported in the records of patients with COVID-19 infection. Material and methods: clinical research, with a quantitative, retrospective approach; the probabilistic sample was made up of 163 records of patients hospitalized for a COVID-19 diagnosis at the General Hospital of Tula, in the period April-October 2020. The information was collected in a data collection form designed expressly, according to the data sheet. Hospital nursing, using the NANDA-I taxonomy. Research approved by the Ethics and Research Committee. Results: n=163 records, the patients with COVID-19 infection were between 20-92 years old, 58.9% were male; in the established treatment, 97.5% had oxygen therapy, the range of stay was 0-24 days of hospitalization. The most frequently recorded nursing diagnoses were risk of aspiration (f=1095), anxiety (f=1079), discomfort (f=928), fatigue (f=862), risk of shock (f=813), respiratory pattern ineffective (f=660) and ineffective airway clearance (f=606). Conclusions: the nursing diagnoses of the NANDA-I taxonomy are applicable in patients with COVID-19 infection, the most frequent was: risk of aspiration


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Nursing Diagnosis , Nursing Records , Coronavirus Infections
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 120(5): S69-S87, oct. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1395657

ABSTRACT

En 2015 se publicaron en Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría las "Nuevas recomendaciones frente a las actuales controversias en infección urinaria". Dado que en estos años surgieron evidencias con respecto al diagnóstico, la forma de estudio y el tratamiento de la infección urinaria, el Comité de Nefrología Pediátrica de la Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría decidió actualizar dichas recomendaciones. El objetivo principal es brindar al pediatra las herramientas para realizar un correcto diagnóstico, definir el tratamiento más adecuado, seleccionar a los pacientes que se beneficiarán con la profilaxis antibiótica y decidir cuáles serán los estudios de imágenes necesarios, para evitar intervenciones costosas e invasivas. En estas guías se incluyen, además, los lineamientos para el manejo de niños con infecciones urinarias asociadas a situaciones especiales como la disfunción vesicointestinal, el recién nacido, los portadores de vejiga neurogénica, los receptores de trasplante renal y las infecciones urinarias micóticas.


In 2015, the "New recommendations regarding the current controversies in urinary infection" were published in the Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría. Given the fact that in these past years, new evidence has emerged regarding the diagnosis and treatment of urinary infection, the Pediatric Nephrology Committee of Sociedad Argentina de Pediatría has decided to update these recommendations. The main goal is to provide the pediatrician with the necessary tools to make a correct diagnosis, define the most appropriate treatment, select the patients who will benefit from antibiotic prophylaxis, and decide which imaging studies will be necessary, avoiding costly and invasive interventions. These guidelines also include the management of children with urinary tract infections associated with special situations such as: bladder bowel dysfunction, the newborn, children with neurogenic bladder, kidney transplant patients and fungal urinary tract infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Urinary Tract Infections/diagnosis , Urinary Tract Infections/therapy , Argentina
7.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 72(3): 174-184, sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1399247

ABSTRACT

Introducción: A nivel global ha existido un incremento en el peso corporal. Ante ello, se han implementado programas para diagnosticar y tratar la obesidad. Se requiere documentar si dichos programas han propiciado que las personas con obesidad reciban diagnóstico y tratamiento eficaz. Objetivo: Determinar y comparar los cambios entre 2006 y 2018 en las prevalencias de diagnóstico y tratamiento de la obesidad y pérdida intencional de peso en adultos mexicanos e identificar si en este periodo existieron cambios en las disparidades sociales en dichos eventos. Materiales y métodos: Se analizaron las bases de datos de la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición de México realizada en 2006 (N=26.738) y 2018 (N= 12.205), Los eventos fueron diagnóstico y tratamiento de obesidad y de pérdida intencional de peso en adultos mexicanos con IMC > 30. Las variables independientes fueron: sexo, edad, índice de masa corporal, nivel socioeconómico y región geográfica. Resultados: De 2006 a 2018, aumentó la prevalencia de personas con obesidad que recibieron diagnóstico (de 20,4% a 51,1%) o tratamiento (de 8,3% a 21,4%). La prevalencia de pérdida intencional de peso también aumentó (de 5,5% a 10,0%), pero esto básicamente ocurrió en las personas con nivel socioeconómico alto. En modelos multivariados se observó que, las mujeres, las personas con mayor IMC y quienes tenían mayor nivel socioeconómico tuvieron mayor probabilidad de recibir diagnóstico y tratamiento. Conclusiones: Aunque en México el acceso a diagnóstico y tratamiento a la obesidad se ha incrementado, la prevalencia de pérdida intencional de peso es baja, además, persisten disparidades socioeconómicas en estos eventos(AU)


Introduction: Worldwide, there has been an increase in body weight. Because of this, programs have been implemented to diagnose and treat obesity. It is required to document whether these programs have led people with obesity to receive effective diagnosis and treatment. Objective: To determine and compare the changes between 2006 and 2018 in the prevalences of diagnosis and treatment of obesity and intentional weight loss among Mexican adults and to identify whether there were changes in the social disparities in these events during this period. Materials and methods: The databases of the National Health and Nutrition Survey of Mexico carried out in 2006 (N=26,738) and 2018 (N= 12,205) were analyzed. The events were diagnosis and treatment of obesity and intentional weight loss in Mexican adults with BMI > 30. The independent variables were sex, age, body mass index, socioeconomic status, and geographic region. Results: From 2006 to 2018, the prevalence of people with obesity who received the diagnosis (from 20.4% to 51.1%) or treatment (from 8.3% to 21.4%) increased. The prevalence of intentional weight loss also increased (from 5.5% to 10.0%), but this was mainly in people with high socioeconomic status, Multivariate regression models revealed that, women, people with a higher BMI, and those with a higher socioeconomic status were more likely to receive diagnosis and treatment. Conclusions: Although in Mexico access to diagnosis and treatment of obesity has increased, the prevalence of intentional weight loss is low,In addition, socioeconomic disparities persist in these events(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Body Weight , Body Mass Index , Overweight , Obesity/diagnosis , Obesity/drug therapy , Social Class , Weight Loss , Nutrition Surveys , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sociodemographic Factors
8.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(292): 8662-8673, set. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399365

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Construir protocolo de enfermagem para o manejo de pacientes em terminalidade. Metodologia: Revisão integrativa da literatura, utilizando as bases de dados da BVS, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Embase e PUBMED, sem limites cronológicos, nos idiomas português, inglês e espanhol. Resultados: Os diagnósticos de enfermagem da classificação NANDA 2021-2023 mais prevalentes pertenciam ao domínio atividade/repouso, seguidos pelo domínio enfrentamento/tolerância ao estresse e segurança/proteção. Para cada diagnóstico prevalente estabeleceu-se intervenções de enfermagem, plausíveis no contexto de terminalidade. Conclusão: O protocolo de assistência de enfermagem ao paciente em cuidado terminal é um importante ponto de partida para se estabelecer condutas de enfermagem e fomentar a prática assistencial aos pacientes em terminalidade.(AU)


Objective: To build a nursing protocol for the management of terminally ill patients. Methodology: Integrative literature review, using the VHL, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Embase and PUBMED databases, without chronological limits, in Portuguese, English and Spanish. Results: The most prevalent NANDA 2021-2023 classification nursing diagnoses belonged to the activity/rest domain, followed by the coping/stress tolerance and safety/protection domains. For each prevalent diagnosis, plausible nursing interventions were established in the context of terminality. Conclusion: The nursing care protocol for terminally ill patients is an important starting point for establishing nursing behaviors and fostering care practice for terminally ill patients(AU)


Objetivo: Construir un protocolo de enfermería para el manejo de pacientes terminales. Metodología: Revisión integrativa de la literatura, utilizando las bases de datos BVS, CINAHL, SCOPUS, Web of Science, Embase y PUBMED, sin límites cronológicos, en portugués, inglés y español. Resultados: Los diagnósticos de enfermería de la clasificación NANDA 2021-2023 más prevalentes pertenecieron al dominio actividad/descanso, seguido por los dominios afrontamiento/tolerancia al estrés y seguridad/protección. Para cada diagnóstico prevalente, se establecieron intervenciones de enfermería plausibles en el contexto de la terminalidad. Conclusión: El protocolo de atención de enfermería al paciente terminal es un importante punto de partida para establecer comportamientos de enfermería y fomentar la práctica del cuidado al paciente terminal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Care Planning , Nursing Diagnosis , Nursing, Private Duty , Hospice and Palliative Care Nursing
9.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 25(292): 8674-8687, set. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399514

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a implementação da consulta de enfermagem para mulheres com câncer de mama por meio da Sistematização da Assistência de Enfermagem. Método: estudo retrospectivo transversal quantitativo que analisou os prontuários das pacientes atendidas entre agosto de 2018 a dezembro de 2019, nas consultas de enfermagem em um hospital oncológico de Porto Alegre. Resultados: analisou-se 32 prontuários de mulheres em tratamento para o câncer de mama; evidenciaram-se 38 Diagnósticos de Enfermagem, a saber: Estilo de vida sedentário, Mobilidade física prejudicada, Disposição para controle da saúde melhorado e Risco de baixa autoestima situacional como prevalentes. Dentre as intervenções encontradas, o Domínio Comportamental foi preponderante. Conclusão: a sistematização da assistência e das taxonomias padronizadas pela NANDA I utilizadas na consulta de enfermagem, propiciam um cuidado ampliado e relevante para populações específicas e um estímulo à pesquisa para integrar as correlações entre os diagnósticos, os resultados e as intervenções.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the implementation of the nursing consultation for women with breast cancer through the Systematization of Nursing Care. Method: retrospective cross-sectional quantitative study that analyzed the medical records of patients seen between August 2018 and December 2019, in nursing consultations in an oncology hospital in Porto Alegre. Results: 32 medical records of women undergoing breast cancer treatment were analyzed; 38 Nursing Diagnoses were evidenced, namely: sedentary lifestyle, poor physical mobility, improved health control disposition, and situational low self-esteem risk as prevalent. Among the interventions found, the Behavioral Domain was preponderant. Conclusion: the systematization of care and the taxonomies standardized by NANDA I used in the nursing consultation, provide an expanded and relevant care for specific populations and a stimulus to research to integrate the correlations between diagnoses, outcomes and interventions.(AU)


Objetivo: analizar la implementación de la consulta de enfermería para mujeres con cáncer de mama a través de la Sistematización de la Atención de Enfermería. Método: estudio retrospectivo transversal cuantitativo que analizó los prontuarios de pacientes atendidos entre agosto de 2018 y diciembre de 2019, en consultas de enfermería de un hospital oncológico de Porto Alegre. Resultados: se analizaron 32 historias clínicas de mujeres en tratamiento por cáncer de mama; Se evidenciaron 38 Diagnósticos de Enfermería, a saber: Sedentarismo, Movilidad física perjudicada, Voluntad para mejorar el control de la salud y Riesgo de baja autoestima situacional como prevalentes. Entre las intervenciones encontradas, el Dominio Conductual fue predominante. Conclusión: la sistematización de la atención y las taxonomías estandarizadas por la NANDA I utilizadas en las consultas de enfermería brindan cuidados ampliados y pertinentes para poblaciones específicas y estimulan investigaciones para integrar correlaciones entre diagnósticos, resultados e intervenciones.(AU)


Subject(s)
Nursing Diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Nursing Process
10.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 673-683, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396476

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Las pruebas diagnósticas de tamizaje son aquellas pruebas que son capaces de identificar un factor de riesgo o mutaciones genéticas que predicen el inicio ulterior de la enfermedad, así como también las pruebas que ponen de manifiesto alteraciones estructurales de la enfermedad antes que la enfermedad progrese y se vuelva sintomática. Métodos. Se hizo una revisión de la literatura para establecer los fundamentos teóricos científicos que sustentan a las pruebas de diagnóstico de tamizaje y las condiciones y requisitos que se deben cumplir para introducirlas en el ámbito clínico o como programas de salud pública. Resultados. Se estableció la diferencia conceptual entre la detección precoz y el diagnóstico temprano y la diferencia entre tamizaje de prevalencia y tamizaje de incidencia. Se dieron a conocer las indicaciones y criterios científicos para la realización de las pruebas de tamizaje. Se puntualizó la importancia de la duración del tiempo de adelanto en la eficacia de las pruebas diagnósticas de detección precoz. Se argumentaron las razones por las cuales era necesario la realización de experimentos clínicos aleatorizados para evaluar la eficacia de las pruebas diagnósticas de detección precoz en la prevención secundaria de la enfermedad. Conclusiones. Las pruebas diagnósticas de tamizaje hacen posible la introducción de intervenciones en el ámbito de la prevención primaria, como también en el escenario de la prevención secundaria de las enfermedades.


Introduction. Screening diagnostic tests are those tests that help to identify a risk factor or genetic mutations that predict the subsequent onset of the disease, as well as tests that reveal structural alterations of the disease before the disease progresses and becomes symptomatic. Methods. A literature review was performed to establish the scientific theoretical fundamentals that support diagnostic screening tests and the conditions and requirements that must be met to introduce them in the clinical setting or as public health programs. Results. The conceptual difference between early detection and early diagnosis and the difference between prevalence screening and incidence screening was established. Indications and scientific criteria for conducting screening tests were presented. The importance of the duration of the lead time in the efficacy of early detection diagnostic tests was pointed out. The reasons why it was necessary to carry out a randomized clinical experiment to evaluate the efficacy of early detection diagnostic tests for early diagnosis in the secondary prevention of the disease were confronted. Conclusions. Screening diagnostic tests make it possible to introduce interventions in the field of primary prevention, as well as in the setting of secondary prevention of diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mass Screening , Predictive Value of Tests , Diagnostic Screening Programs , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Early Diagnosis
11.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 37(4): 689-694, 20220906. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396504

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Los quistes mesentéricos son tumores poco frecuentes y usualmente benignos, que se diagnostican principalmente en la edad pediátrica, de manera incidental.Caso clínico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de cuatro años de edad, con dificultad para acceso a servicio de salud por localización de su vivienda, quien cursa con un cuadro clínico de dos años de evolución de distensión abdominal progresiva, interpretada y manejada como ascitis. Se realizó una tomografía de abdomen en la que se documentó una lesión quística gigante, por lo que fue llevada a resección por laparotomía, con confirmación histopatológica de un quiste mesentérico. Discusión. Los quistes mesentéricos pueden tener cualquier localización en el mesenterio del tracto gastrointestinal. Su principal etiología es la proliferación anormal y benigna de tejido linfático mesentérico. Las manifestaciones clínicas van desde la ausencia de síntomas hasta el abdomen agudo. Dentro de los síntomas abdominales no agudos se encuentran masa abdominal indolora, dolor abdominal, distensión abdominal y signos clínicos que simulan ascitis. La resección completa del quiste mesentérico es considerada el tratamiento de elección; el abordaje laparoscópico o abierto dependerá de las características clínicas de cada paciente y la experiencia del cirujano tratante. Conclusión. Es importante que los cirujanos conozcan las principales características y el manejo de esta entidad, que una vez presente, puede simular un síndrome ascítico.


Introduction. Mesenteric cysts are rare and usually benign tumors, which are diagnosed incidentally, mainly in children.Clinical case. We present the case of a 4-year-old patient, with difficulty accessing health services due to the location of her home, who has a 2-year history of progressive abdominal distension, interpreted and managed as ascites. An abdominal tomography was performed in which a giant cystic lesion was documented. She underwent resection by laparotomy, with histopathological confirmation of a mesenteric cyst. Discussion. Mesenteric cysts can have any location in the mesentery of the gastrointestinal tract. Its main etiology is the abnormal and benign proliferation of mesenteric lymphatic tissue. Clinical manifestations range from the absence of symptoms to an acute abdomen. Non-acute abdominal symptoms include a painless abdominal mass, abdominal pain, abdominal distension, and clinical signs that mimic ascites. Complete resection of the mesenteric cyst is considered the treatment of choice; laparoscopic or open approach will depend on the clinical characteristics of each patient and the experience of the treating surgeon. Conclusion. It is important for surgeons to know the main characteristics and management of this entity, which once present, can mimic an ascites syndrome


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Mesenteric Cyst , Omentum , Diagnosis, Differential , Abdominal Neoplasms , Mesentery
12.
Rev. med. (São Paulo) ; 101(5): e-196228, set-out. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395431

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Síndrome POEMS trata de um raro evento paraneoplásico, sem relato atual na literatura sobre sua real prevalência. A maior parte dos casos ocorre em homens de meia idade. Relato do Caso:Paciente masculino, 65 anos, com queixa edema e parestesia em pernas que evoluiu para plegia, associada a hiporexia e fadiga. Investigação ambulatorial inicial evidenciou Polirradiculoneuropatia Inflamatória Desmielinizante Crônica (PIDC) de etiologia indefinida. Excluídos secundarismos, o paciente foi diagnosticado com hipotireoidismo primário, hipogonadismo severo, lesões hipercrômicas em pele, ascite, derrame pleural e trombocitose, além de gamopatia monoclonal IgA Lambda por imunofixação sérica. Sorologias virais negativas. Excluída a possibilidade de Mieloma Múltiplo e outras gamopatias, foi aventada a hipótese de Síndrome POEMS, sendo realizada dosagem de VEGF plasmática (425 pg/mL; VR = <96.2). Trata-se de um caso atípico na medida em que, lesões ósseas, presentes em até 97% dos casos, não foram evidenciadas no paciente em questão, tornando desafiador o diagnóstico. Conclusões: O diagnóstico de síndromes raras, embora desafiante, traz ao clínico um olhar mais amplo do paciente na medida em que incrementa o raciocínio clínico. [au]


Introduction: POEMS syndrome is a rare paraneoplastic event, with no current report in the literature about its real prevalence. Most cases occur in middle-aged men. Case Report: Male patient, 65 years old, complaining of edema and paresthesia in the legs that evolved to plegia, associated with hyporexia and fatigue. Initial outpatient investigation revealed Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculoneuropathy (CIDP) of undefined etiology. Excluding secondaries, the patient was diagnosed with primary hypothyroidism, severe hypogonadism, hyperchromic skin lesions, ascites, pleural effusion and thrombocytosis, in addition to monoclonal IgA Lambda gammopathy by serum immunofixation. Viral serologies was negative. Excluding the possibility of Multiple Myeloma and other gammopathies, the hypothesis of POEMS Syndrome was raised, and plasma VEGF measurement was performed (425 pg/mL; RV = <96.2). This is an atypical case in that bone lesions, present in up to 97% of cases, were not evidenced in the patient in question, making the diagnosis challenging. Conclusions: The diagnosis of rare syndromes, although challenging, brings the clinician a broader view of the patient as it increases clinical reasoning. [au]

13.
Rev. flum. odontol ; 3(59): 22-36, set.-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1380523

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi relatar as evidências disponíveis sobre o papel da saliva no diagnóstico da Covid-19. Trata-se de uma revisão narrativa da literatura de cunho qualitativo com buscas realizadas a partir das bases de dados eletrônicas PubMed, Google Acadêmico e Scielo, nos idiomas português e inglês utilizando os termos "Covid-19", "Diagnóstico" e "Saliva". Foi observado a utilização da saliva com a finalidade de se monitorar o estado de saúde e da doença de uma pessoa cujo objetivo tem se tornado extremamente desejável quanto à promoção da saúde e à pesquisa de cuidados em saúde. Nesse sentido, amostras de saliva podem ser usadas no diagnóstico da Covid-19. Um obstáculo crítico para o diagnóstico salivar pode ser a validação de amplo espectro em pacientes com Covid-19 durante o período de incubação, a fase de resposta viral e a fase inflamatória do hospedeiro de indivíduos assintomáticos e sintomáticos. Conclui-se que a saliva pode ter aplicações potenciais no contexto da Covid-19, mas, são necessários mais estudos para investigar o potencial diagnóstico da Covid-19 na saliva e seu impacto na transmissão desse vírus.


The aim of this study was to review the available evidence on the role of saliva in the diagnosis of Covid-19. This is a narrative review of the literature of a qualitative nature whose search was carried out from the digital databases PubMed, Academic Google and Scielo, in Portuguese and English, using the terms "Covid-19", "Diagnosis" and "Saliva". It was observed that the use of saliva in order to monitor a person's state of health and illness it became an objective extremely desirable in terms of health promotion and health care research. In this sense, saliva samples can be used in the diagnosis of Covid-19. A critical obstacle for salivary diagnosis may be broad-spectrum validation in patients with Covid-19 during the incubation period, the viral response phase, and the host inflammatory phase in asymptomatic and symptomatic patients. It is concluded that saliva may have potential applications in the context of Covid-19, but further studies are needed to investigate the diagnostic potential of Covid-19 in saliva and its impact on the transmission of this virus.


Subject(s)
Saliva , Public Health , COVID-19/diagnosis
14.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386602

ABSTRACT

Abstract Alterations in saliva, temporomandibular joint disorders, dysphagia, Sjogrens syndrome, dental caries, periodontal disease, and tooth loss have been identified in patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis. The aims of this research were 1) to study the association between newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and dental caries and 2) to identify most frequent teeth with caries in study groups. A descriptive pilot study was performed. A total of 620 participants were evaluated, 29 met the selection criteria. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: 13 subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis and 16 subjects without rheumatoid arthritis. Salivary parameters, DMFT index, care index, FS-T index and Treatment Needs Index were evaluated in all participants. The Fishers Exact test and Mann-Whitney U test we used to establish the differences between groups. Low mean in all salivary parameters and a high caries frequency were observed in subjects with newly diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis compared to a control group (p<0.01). The right maxillary second premolar (n=6, 46%, p=0.0100); right mandibular second premolar (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) and left mandibular second molar (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) were the most frequent teeth with caries. Early diagnosis and early treatment of rheumatoid arthritis can improve the prognosis in most of patients. The development of new public health policies and care based on the prevention are necessary to improve the quality of patients lives.


Resumen Alteraciones en la saliva, trastornos de la articulación temporomandibular, disfagia, síndrome de Sjogren, caries dental, enfermedad periodontal y pérdida de dientes son algunas patologías que se han identificado en pacientes con artritis reumatoide. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron (1) Asociar la artritis reumatoide recientemente diagnosticada con la caries dentales e (2) Identificar los dientes más frecuentes con caries en los grupos de estudio. Se realizó un estudio piloto descriptivo. 620 participantes fueron evaluados, 29 sujetos cumplieron con los criterios de selección. Los sujetos se dividieron en 2 grupos: 13 sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados y 16 sujetos sin artritis reumatoide. En todos los participantes se evaluaron parámetros salivales, el índice CPOD, el índice IC, el índice FS-T y el índice INT. La prueba exacta de Fisher y U de Mann-Whitney se utilizaron para establecer diferencias entre grupos. En los resultados se observó un bajo promedio de los parámetros salivales y una alta frecuencia de caries en sujetos con artritis reumatoide recién diagnosticados comparados con un grupo control (p<0.01). El segundo premolar superior derecho (n=6,46%, p=0,0100); el segundo premolar mandibular derecho (n=7,54%, p=0.0462) y el segundo molar mandibular izquierdo (n=10,77%, p=0.0001) fueron los dientes más frecuentes con caries dental. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento temprano de la artritis reumatoide pueden mejorar el pronóstico en la mayoría de los pacientes. El desarrollo de nuevas políticas de salud pública basadas en la prevención de la cavidad bucal son necesarias para mejorar la calidad de vida de los pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/diagnosis , Dental Caries/prevention & control
15.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 24(2)ago. 2022.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1386600

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the observers diagnostic performance in panoramic radiography using monitor, tablet, X-ray image view box, and against window daylight as a visualization method in different diagnostic tasks. Thirty panoramic radiography were assessed by three calibrated observers for each visualization method, in standardized light conditions, concerning dental caries, widened periodontal ligament space, and periapical bone defects from the four first molars; mucosal thickening and retention cysts in maxillary sinus; and stylo-hyoid ligament calcification and atheroma. A five-point confidence scale was used. The standard-reference was performed by two experienced observers. Diagnostic values using window light were significantly lower for caries and periapical bone defect and retention cyst, stylo-hyoid ligament calcification detection (p<0.05). For atheroma detection, X-ray image view box, tablet, and widow light had lower accuracy than the evaluation on the monitor (p<0.05). Observers diagnostic performances are worsened using window light as an evaluation method for panoramic radiography for dental, sinus, and calcification disorders, while the monitor was the most reliable method.


Resumen El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el desempeño diagnóstico de los observadores en la radiografía panorámica utilizando monitor, tablet, caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X y contra la luz del día de la ventana como método de visualización en diferentes tareas de diagnóstico. Treinta radiografías panorámicas fueron evaluadas por tres observadores calibrados para cada método de visualización, en condiciones de luz estandarizadas, con respecto a caries dental, espacio del ligamento periodontal ensanchado y defectos óseos periapicales de los cuatro primeros molares; engrosamiento de la mucosa y quistes de retención en el seno maxilar; y calcificación y ateroma del ligamento estilohioideo. Se utilizó una escala de confianza de cinco puntos. La referencia estándar fue realizada por dos observadores experimentados. Los valores diagnósticos con luz de ventana fueron significativamente menores para caries y defecto óseo periapical y quiste de retención, detección de calcificación del ligamento estilohioideo (p <0.05). Para la detección de ateroma, la caja de visualización de imágenes de rayos X, el tablet y la luz de viuda tuvieron una precisión menor que la evaluación en el monitor (p <0.05). El rendimiento diagnóstico del observador empeora al utilizar la luz de la ventana como método de evaluación de la radiografía panorámica para los trastornos dentales, de los senos nasales y de la calcificación, mientras que el monitor fue el método más fiable.


Subject(s)
Radiography, Panoramic/instrumentation , Diagnosis, Oral , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 424-434, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383596

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Chromoblastomycosis is a skin infection caused by dematiaceous fungi that take the form of muriform cells in the tissue. It mainly manifests as verrucous plaques on the lower limbs of rural workers in tropical countries. Objectives: The primary objective of this review is to evaluate the accuracy of diagnostic methods for the identification of chromoblastomycosis, considering the histopathological examination as the reference test. Methods: MEDLINE, LILACS and Scielo databases were consulted using the terms ‟chromoblastomycosis" AND ‟diagnosis". The eligibility criteria were: studies that evaluated the accuracy of tests for the diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis. Eleven studies were selected. Statistical analysis included the calculation of sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic methods. Results: Considering the histopathological examination as the reference test, the culture showed a sensitivity (S) of 37.5% - 90.9% and a specificity (Sp) of 100%; while direct mycological examination showed S = 50% - 91.6% and Sp of 100% . Considering the culture as the reference test, the serology (precipitation techniques) showed S of 36% - 99%; and Sp of 80% - 100%; while the intradermal test showed S of 83.3% - 100% and Sp of 99.4% - 100%. Study limitations: The small number of studies and very discrepant sensitivity results among them do not allow the calculation of summary measures through a meta-analysis. Conclusions: Direct mycological examination, culture, intradermal test and serology show sensitivity and specificity values for the diagnosis of chromoblastomycosis with no significant difference between the studies.

17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(4): 501-504, July-Aug. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383598

ABSTRACT

Abstract COVID-19 disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus causes a wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from mild to severe, with the main ones affecting the respiratory tract, such as pneumonia. In patients with greater severity, the high frequency of bacterial and fungal coinfection stands out, a situation related both to the patient's pre-existing comorbidities and due to the hospitalization itself. Cases of mucormycosis associated with COVID-19 were highlighted in the lay and scientific media, with the increase in mycosis cases being directly and indirectly attributed to the viral infection. This report describes a case of rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis in a diabetic patient hospitalized for COVID-19, whose diagnosis was confirmed by identifying the agent Rhizopus microsporus var. microsporus through culture for fungi and PCR examination.

18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 119(2): 212-222, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383749

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A amiloidose é definida como um distúrbio caracterizado pela deposição de material proteico amiloide extracelular nos tecidos. Objetivos O N-terminal pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo-B (NT-proBNP) é usado para prever a amiloidose cardíaca (AC), mas seu efeito diagnóstico no comprometimento por AC ainda não é claro, especialmente em termos de especificidade e sensibilidade. Métodos Foi feita uma busca de literatura nos bancos de dados Pubmed, Embase e a biblioteca Cochrane, e o QUADAS 2 foi utilizado para avaliação da qualidade. O comando Midas no Stata 12.0 foi usado para analisar os indicadores dos sujeitos. O teste Q de Cochran e o I2 foram usados como testes de heterogeneidade, e a heterogeneidade significativa foi definida como p <0,05 e/ou I2 >50%. A análise de correlação de Spearman foi usada para avaliar o efeito de limiar, e o viés da publicação foi avaliado pelo teste de assimetria. A significância estatística foi definida em p <0,05. Resultados Como resultados, 10 conjuntos de dados de 7 estudos foram incluídos para análise, apresentando alta qualidade metodológica e pequenos vieses de confusão. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do NT-proBNP no diagnóstico do comprometimento cardíaco para pacientes com amiloidose foram 0,93 e 0,84, respectivamente. As curvas ROC também sugeriram uma validade diagnóstica alta do NT-proBNP com AUC de 0,95. Um nomograma de Fagan demonstrou que as probabilidades de NT-proBNP positivo e negativo no avanço do comprometimento por AC eram de 90% e 8%, respectivamente. O gráfico de funil de Deek não sugeriu viés significativo de publicação entre os estudos incluídos, e os resultados foram estáveis e confiáveis. Conclusões O NT-proBNP desempenha um papel positivo no diagnóstico precoce do comprometimento por AC, com alta sensibilidade e especificidade.


Abstract Background Amyloidosis is defined as a disorder characterized by the deposition of extracellular protein material of amyloid in tissues. Objectives N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is used to predict the cardiac amyloidosis (CA), but its diagnostic effect on CA involvement remains unclear, especially in terms of specificity and sensitivity. Methods A search for literature was conducted in the Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library databases, and QUADAS 2 was used for quality assessment. Midas command in Stata 12.0 was used to analyze the subject indicators. Cochran's Q and I2were to test for heterogeneity, and the significant heterogeneity was set at p < 0.05 and/or I2> 50%. Spearman correlation analysis was used to evaluate the threshold effect, and the publication bias was assessed using the asymmetry test. The statistical significance was set at p < 0.05. Results As results, 10 sets of data from 7 studies were included for analysis, showing high methodological quality and minimal confounding bias. The sensitivity and specificity of NT-proBNP in the diagnosis of cardiac involvement for patients with amyloidosis were 0.93 and 0.84, respectively. ROC curves also suggested a high diagnostic validity of NT-proBNP with an AUC of 0.95. A Fagan's nomogram plot showed probabilities for NT-proBNP positive and negative in developing CA involvement were 90% and 8%, respectively. The Deek's funnel plot suggested no significant publication bias across included studies, and the results were stable and reliable. Conclusions NT-proBNP plays the positive role in the early diagnosis of CA involvement with high sensitivity and specificity.

20.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 155-165, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395018

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los virus de inmunodeficiencia y leucemia felina representan un problema de gran envergadura para los felinos domésticos debido a la multiplicidad de sintomatologías que manifiestan. El objetivo del presente estudio fue establecer, retrospectivamente, la prevalencia en la presentación de ViLeF y VIF en pacientes de seis clínicas de pequeños animales en Bogotá y Chía, en relación con factores como su edad, raza y género. Se realizó un estudio transversal y retrospectivo, mediante la recopilación de datos de 1.014 historias clínicas de pacientes felinos que ingresaron a seis clínicas de la ciudad de Bogotá y Chía, para determinar la prevalencia de VIF y ViLeF y la asociación de estas con factores como edad, género y raza, entre 2015 y 2019, a través de la prueba OR. La detección de los virus se realizó mediante una prueba rápida basada en inmunocromatografía. La mayor prevalencia para cada enfermedad por año fue: 12,3% para VIF en 2012 y 18% para ViLeF en 2019. Los machos presentaron mayores seroprevalencias para ambas enfermedades durante la mayoría los años evaluados. Factores como raza (criolla: VIF: 1,85; ViLeF: 2,01), género (macho: VIF: 1,53 OR; ViLeF: 1,64) y edad (> 7 años: VIF: 3,82; ViLeF: 3,21) se relacionaron positivamente con la presentación de ambas enfermedades en la población felina evaluada.


Abstract Immunodeficiency virus and feline leukemia virus represent major problems for domestic felines due to the multiplicity of symptoms they manifest. The objective of the present study was to establish, retrospectively, the prevalence in the presentation of FeLV and FIV in patients from six small animal clinics in Bogota and Chia, related to factors such as age, race, and gender. A cross-sectional and retrospective study was carried out, collecting data from 1.014 clinical records of feline patients who were admitted to six clinics in the city of Bogota and Chia, to determine the prevalence of FIV and FeLV and their association with factors such as age, gender, and race, between 2015 and 2019 through the OR test. The detection of the viruses was carried out through a rapid test based on immunochromatography. The highest prevalence for each disease per year was 12,3% for FIV in 2012 and 18% for FeLV in 2019. Males presented higher seroprevalences for both diseases during most of the years evaluated. Factors such as race (Creole: FIV: 1,85; FeLV: 2,01), gender (male: FIV: 1.53 OR, FeLV: 1,64), and age (> 7 years: FIV: 3.82; FeLV: 3.21) were positively related to the presentation of both diseases in the feline population evaluated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cats , Viruses , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Leukemia , Chronic Disease , Disease , Chromatography, Affinity , Immunodeficiency Virus, Feline , Leukemia Virus, Feline , Diagnosis , Retroviridae , Hospitals, Animal
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