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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 48-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for identifying Scolopendra dispensing granules, so as to ensure the quality and therapeutic effects of Scolopendra and its preparations. MethodThe primer interval suitable for the PCR was selected based on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3(COX-3) gene sequence of Scolopendra, and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci of Scolopendra and its adulterants were mined from the interval for the design of specific primers. The samples of Scolopendra and its adulterants were collected. The PCR system was established and optimized regarding the annealing temperature, cycles, Taq enzymes, DNA template amount, PCR instruments, and primer concentrations, and the specificity and applicability of this method were evaluated. ResultThe PCR system was composed of 12.5 μL 2×M5 PCR Mix, 0.4 μL forward primer (10 μmol·L-1), 0.4 μL reverse primer (10 μmol·L-1), 2.5 μL DNA template, and 9.2 μL sterile double distilled water. PCR parameters: Pre-denaturation at 94 ℃ for 3 min, 30 cycles (94 ℃ for 20 s, 62 ℃ for 20 s, 72 ℃ for 45 s), and extension at 72 ℃ for 5 min. After PCR amplification with the system and parameters above, the electrophoresis revealed a bright band at about 135 bp for Scolopendra and no band for the adulterants. ConclusionThe established allele-specific PCR method can accurately identify the medicinal materials, decoction pieces, and standard decoction freeze-dried powder of Scolopendra, as well as the intermediates and final products of Scolopendra dispensing granules, which is of great significance for ensuring the quality and clinical efficacy of Scolopendra and its preparations.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 158-164, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976551

ABSTRACT

Strengthening the standard formulation and quality management of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) dispensing granules is an important part of the strategic planning for the development of TCM in China. In order to examine the clinical application and overall quality control of the existing national standards for TCM dispensing granules, this study classified and summarized the varieties in the existing standards, analyzed their clinical applicability, and discussed the characteristics of the test methods for identification, content determination and specific chromatogram/fingerprint. It was found that the coverage of the existing standards was inadequate in terms of quantity, and it was even weaker in the aspects of therapeutic efficacy, herb family, processing method and preparation method of TCM dispensing granules. It was concluded that the characteristics of national standards in test methods were summarized as follows:guided by clinical application, based on the reference system, taking specific chromatogram as a breakthrough, so as to improve the overall quality control of TCM dispensing granules. It is suggested that the coverage of national standards should be subsequently expanded to meet the needs of market development. In order to enhance clinical applicability, the content of national quality standards should be increased, including increasing variety diversity to meet the needs of clinical application, raising the standard requirements to improve the clinical medication experience, and strengthening effectiveness research to highlight clinical efficacy. At the same time, the accessibility of regulatory inspection is enhanced, the rules for the management of varieties without national standards are promulgated to lay the foundation for the healthy and orderly development of TCM dispening granule industry.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 157-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-975168

ABSTRACT

In order to standardize the quality control of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) dispensing granules, the Chinese Pharmacopoeia Commission has promulgated and implemented 200 national drug standards for TCM dispensing granules, but there are still varieties of TCM dispensing granules without unified standards. Many provinces have actively invested in the formulation of provincial standards for TCM dispensing granules to make up for the gaps in standards for varieties of traditional Chinese medicine dispensing granules other than the national standards. By the end of July 2022, 29 provincial-level administrative regions have successively promulgated and implemented a total of 5 602 provincial standards for TCM dispensing granules, involving more than 400 varieties. In order to better understand the formulation and characteristics of provincial standards, this study took 105 provincial standards that have been promulgated and implemented in Henan province as an example, and comprehensively analyzed the formulation and characteristics through quality control indicators such as dry extract rate of raw materials, contents of index components and their transfer rates, specifications and so on. The formulation and characteristics of the same TCM dispensing granules in the provincial standards of different provinces were further analyzed, in order to provide reference for the formulation of provincial standards of TCM dispensing granules and the implementation of national standards.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 166-173, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-997670

ABSTRACT

As an important complementary form of decoction pieces of traditional Chinese medicine(TCM), TCM dispensing granules has the advantages of being free of decoction, easy to take, easy to carry and easy to be dispensed, which greatly improves the capacity of emergency services of TCM and is more in line with the needs of modern society. With the end of the pilot project of TCM dispensing granules, the market has been fully liberalized, the competition has been intensified, and it is in the transition period of switching between the new standard and the old one, and there are some problems such as the shortage of varieties, the change of specifications and the difference of quality, and the production enterprises are facing new opportunities and challenges. Based on this, the authors intend to systematically sort out the policies and regulations, enterprise layout and standard formulation since the pilot of TCM dispensing granules. In view of the problems in the post-pilot stage and from the perspective of survival and development of enterprises, it is suggested that enterprises should establish a quality control system for the whole industry chain of TCM dispensing granules to reduce process costs and increase enterprise competitiveness, further increase the investment in scientific research, overcome the key technical problems of difficult varieties, actively and orderly promote the research of national standards, in order to ensure the integrity of clinical formula varieties, and establish and improve the efficacy evaluation mechanism of TCM dispensing granules, build a consistency evaluation system between TCM dispensing granules and decoction pieces. Government departments should strengthen the guidance, fully mobilize the enthusiasm of scientific research institutions, enterprises and hospitals, and explore the establishment of "government-industry-study-research-application" mode to promote the development of TCM dispensing granule industry.

5.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 266-274, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964968

ABSTRACT

Traditional Chinese medicine dispensing granules(TCMDGs)is the new type of decoction pieces with the development of modernization of TCM, which has received mixed opinions since its practical application. In 2021, the national departments issued Announcement on Ending the Pilot Work of TCMDGs, marking the end of the 28-year pilot work of TCMDGs, and eligible TCM enterprises can produce TCMDGs after filing. However, this does not mean that the preparation process, quality standard and efficacy research of TCMDGs have been developed and matured, on the contrary, there are still some problems that need to be solved and gradually improved. For example, in the production process, there are problems such as unclear, unified and non-standardized preparation parameters. In terms of quality control, there are some problems such as lack of producing area regulation, variety selection and processing specification. In terms of consistency evaluation with traditional decoction, there are problems such as unclear relationship between the chemical constituents and pharmacological effects of the two. Therefore, in view of some prominent problems of TCMDGs at present, this paper takes the published literature as the main data source and combines the specific requirements of the code or technical standards such as the 2020 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Publicity of the Unified Standard on the Varieties of TCMDGs, Quality Control and Standard Formulation Technical Requirements of TCMDGs. The production process of TCMDGs, the origin and variety of raw materials, the processing of decoction pieces, the quality control standard and the consistency evaluation of formula granules and traditional decoction were sorted out and visualized by literature mining, data analysis and list comparison. Based on the analysis results, the following suggestions were made. In terms of preparation process, the completeness and standardization of process parameters should be strengthened. In terms of quality evaluation, attention should be paid to the relationship between the authenticity, variety, processing and quality of medicinal materials. In the consistency evaluation of formula granules and traditional decoction, the deep difference and mechanism between TCMDGs and traditional decoction were discussed by combining structural Chinese medicine, quality marker(Q-Marker) theory and physicochemical characterization, so as to provide reference for the application and development of TCMDGs.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 122-129, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-973753

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish the quality standard for Fraxini Cortex(Fraxinus chinensis) dispensing granules based on standard decoction, and to provide a basis for the quality control of this dispensing granules. MethodHigh performance liquid chromatography(HPLC) specific chromatograms of 15 batches of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) standard decoctions and 3 batches of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) dispensing granules were established with the mobile phase of 0.1% phosphoric acid aqueous solution(A)-acetonitrile(B) for gradient elution(0-10 min, 12%-15%B; 10-30 min, 15%-32%B) and the detection wavelength of 220 nm. And similarity evaluation, cluster analysis and principal component analysis(PCA) were also carried out. HPLC quantitative analysis of multi-components by single marker(QAMS) was established to determine the contents of the main components in the standard decoctions and dispensing granules. The contents of the corresponding components in Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) decoction pieces were also detected, and the transfer rates from decoction pieces to standard decoctions and dispensing granules were calculated. ResultThe similarities between specific chromatograms of 15 batches of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) standard decoctions and 3 batches of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) dispensing granules were all>0.9, and 7 common peaks were identified. The results of cluster analysis and PCA showed that there was some differences in the composition of different batches of standard decoctions, but did not show aggregation of origin. As the standard decoctions, the extract rate was 6.18%-11.62%, the contents of esculin, syringin, fraxin, esculetin, fraxetin, calceolarioside B were 44.92-103.51, 1.36-11.87, 33.26-90.73, 4.63-29.75, 2.40-16.86, 2.49-17.35 mg·g-1, and the transfer rates from decoction pieces to standard decoction were 25.21%-42.54%, 52.57%-88.84%, 43.43%-79.45%, 49.15%-88.27%, 49.22%-72.69%, 27.66%-47.67%, respectively. The extract rates of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) dispensing granules were 10.4%-10.7%, the transfer rates of the above six components from decoction pieces to dispensing granules were 42.76%-43.17%, 80.01%-80.90%, 59.59%-59.88%, 51.35%-52.67%, 60.50%-60.93%, 37.98%-38.37%, respectively, which were generally consistent with the transfer rates from decoction pieces to standard decoctions. ConclusionThe established quality control standard of Fraxini Cortex(F. chinensis) dispensing granules based on standard decoctions is reasonable and reliable, which can provide reference for the quality control and process research of this dispensing granules.

7.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 176-186, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984596

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveA rapid method for identification of chemical constituents in Puerariae Lobatae Radix dispensing granules was established in order to clarify the material basis. MethodThe chemical constituents of Puerariae Lobatae Radix dispensing granules was qualitatively analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometry(UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) under positive and negative ion modes, and the chromatographic conditions were on an ACQUITY UPLC HSS T3 column(2.1 mm×100 mm, 1.8 μm) with 0.1% formic acid aqueous solution(A)-0.1% formic acid acetonitrile solution(B) as mobile phase for gradient elution(0-4 min, 5%-10%B; 4-10 min, 10%-15%B; 10-20 min, 15%-16%B; 20-27 min, 16%-31%B; 27-33 min, 31%-59%B; 33-42 min, 59%-95%B; 42-42.1 min, 95%-5%B; 42.1-45 min, 5%B), the flow rate was 0.35 mL·min-1, the column temperature was 40 ℃, the injection volume was 5 μL, and electrospray ionization(ESI) was selected. Then these chemical constituents were comprehensively identified based on PeakView 1.2, PubChem, ChemicalBook, ChemSpider, comparative control profiles and literature information. ResultA total of 128 chemical constituents were identified from the dispensing granules, including 60 flavonoids, 26 organic acids, 7 glycosides, 6 coumarins, 3 nucleosides and 26 other compounds. By focusing on the cleavage patterns of flavonoids, organic acids, glycosides, coumarins, nucleosides and other compounds, 12 compounds that have not been reported in Puerariae Lobatae Radix species were identified from the dispensing granules. ConclusionThe established method can systematically and rapidly identify the chemical constituents in Puerariae Lobatae Radix dispensing granules, and cleared it composition is mainly flavonoids and organic acids. Laying a foundation for the study of the material basis, mechanism of action and clinical application of the dispensing granules.

8.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 1718-1723, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE To establish the fingerp rint of decoction pi eces and dispensing granules of Gardenia jasminoides ,to determine the contents of 6 components,so as to evaluate its quality combined with chemical pattern recognition. METHODS High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)was used. Using geniposide as the reference ,Similarity Evaluation System for Chromatographic Fingerprint of TCM (2012 edition)was used to draw the fingerprints of 20 batches of G. jasminoides decoction pieces and 10 batches of G. jasminoides dispensing granules. Similarity evaluation and common peaks identification were conducted. The same HPLC method was adopted to determine the contents of deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester ,geniposide, picrocrocin,rutin,crocin-Ⅰ and crocin- Ⅱ. ORIGIN 9.1 software was used for hierarchical clustering analysis ,and SIMCA 16.0 software was used for principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis. The differential components affecting the quality of decoction pieces and dispensing granules were screened by taking the variable importance in projection(VIP)value>1 as the standard. RESULTS There were 24 common peaks for both 20 batches of G. jasminoides decoction piece and 10 batches of G. jasminoides dispensing granules ;a total of 22 common peaks were found in the fingerprints of 30 batches of samples ,and the similarity was not lower than 0.96;six common peaks were identified ,i.e. deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester (peak 2),geniposide(peak 6),picrocrocin(peak 9),rutin(peak 11),crocin-Ⅰ(peak 15),crocin-Ⅱ(peak 17). Average contents of above 6 components in G. jasminoides decoction pieces were 1.04,57.00,1.30,1.03,9.63 and 0.99 mg/g, respectively;those of G. jasmin oides dispensing granules were 0.96,17.04,0.37,0.27,0.73 and 0.04 mg/g,respectively. PCA results showed that G. jasminoides decoction pieces and G. jasminoides dispensing granules were clustered into respective one category ,which was consistent with results of cluster analysis. There were 9 common peaks with VIP value >1, which were 16,14,3,17(crocin-Ⅱ),15(crocin-Ⅰ),18, 22, 2 (deacetyl asperulosidic acid methyl ester) and 21. CONCLUSIONS The estab lished fingerprint and content determination method are simple and reproducible. Combined with chemical pattern recognition ,it can be used to evaluate the quality of decoction pieces and dispensing granules of G. jasminoides . Nine corresponding components represented by peak 16 and so on are the differential components that affect the quality of them.

9.
International Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (6): 188-194, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930118

ABSTRACT

Objective:To establish the quality evaluation method of Prunellae spica dispensing granules based on three quality indexes of standard decoction. Methods:Fourteen batches of Prunellae spica were collected from different habitats. According to technical requirements, fourteen batches of Prunellae spica standard decoction and three batches of formula granules were prepared and the paste-forming rates were calculated. The fingerprints of Prunellae spica standard decoction and formula granules were established by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC). The similarity values of fingerprints between dispensing granules and standard decoction were calculated. The content and transferring rate of Rosmarinic acid were determined and calculated. Results:The average paste-forming rate of Prunellae spica was (12.59±2.32)%. The paste-forming rates of the three batches were 11.14%, 10.78% and 10.39% respectively. The average content of Rosmarinic acid in standard decoction was (18.99±9.74)mg/g. The average transferring rate was (60.58±7.87)%. The contents of three batches were 7.40 mg/g, 7.49 mg/g and 7.09 mg/g. The transferring rates were 52.06%, 50.10% and 50.40% respectively. Nine common fingerprint peaks were identified in the fingerprints of standard decoction and formula granules, two of which were identified as Rosmarinic acid and Caffeic acid by comparison of reference substance. The fingerprints similarity of Prunellae spica dispensing granules and standard decoction were 0.954, 0.973 and 0.952, respectively. Conclusions:The quality indexes of three batches of formulation granules are consistent with standard decoction. This method could provide reference for the establishment of quality standard of Prunellae spica dispensing granules.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 206-211, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873206

ABSTRACT

This paper, taking the formulation of national drug standards for traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) dispensing granules as a case study, explores the improvement of the formation mechanism of national drug standards, and promotes the reform of streamline administration, delegate powers, and improve regulation and services of national standards management, so as to release the vitality of the research and development of standards of drug manufacturers. After nearly two decades of pilot production of TCM dispensing granules, a large number of researches and discussions have been conducted on the formulation of unified standards of TCM dispensing granules from manufacturing enterprises to national standard administration departments, it was found that this work was difficult on the basis of the original drug standard formation mechanism. The authors tried to improve and innovate the formation mechanism of national drug standards, to provide methods and ideas for the formulation and unification of national standards for TCM dispensing granules, and to provide references for the formulation of other national drug standards.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 146-155, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873133

ABSTRACT

Objective::To establish HPLC fingerprint spectra of the pieces, standard decoction, intermediates, dispensing granules of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, and assess the quality correlation among them, then to evaluate the scientificity and rationality of preparation process based on the yields of dry extract and the transfer rate of acteoside. Method::Fingerprints of several batches of the pieces, standard decoction, intermediates and dispensing granules of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata were detected by HPLC, and the content of acteoside was determined according to the method of ChP 2015.The fingerprint chromatographic separation was carried out on Phenomenex Luna 100A C18(2) chromatographic column (4.6 mm×250 mm, 5 μm). The mobile phase was acetonitrile-0.1% phosphoric acid for gradient elution, with a flow rate of 1 mL·min-1, and the detection wavelength was 330 nm. At the same time, the correlation analysis of quality transmission during the preparation of dispensing granules was carried out based on the yields of dry extract and the transfer rates of acteoside. Result::The contents of acteoside pieces, standard decoction and intermediates were basically consistent. The yield of dry extracts of intermediates and dispensing granules, and the transmission rate of acteoside were all within the range of standard decoction, and basically consistent with standard decoction. There were 7 common peaks in all fingerprint spectra of 17 batches of pieces, 17 batches of standard decoction, 10 intermediates and 10 dispensing granules of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata, with a good correlation. The 13 main chromatographic peaks in the dispensing granules were identified by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, and 4 of the 7 fingerprint common peaks were identified as 5-hydroxymethyl furfural, acteoside, isoacteoside and martynoside. Conclusion::The main chemical constituents of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata pieces, standard decoction, intermediates and dispensing granules are basically identical. The established HPLC fingerprint method can be used for the quality control of preparation process of Rehmanniae Radix Praeparata dispensing granules.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 117-123, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-872834

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the effect of combined decoction and single decoction of Houpu Wenzhongtang on rats with deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach from the perspective of metabonomics, to find out the relevant potential biomarkers and metabolic pathways, and to explore the similarities and differences between the combined decoction and single decoction, so as to provide reference for the feasibility analysis of replacing traditional decoction with single dispensing granule of this formula. Method:SD rats were randomly divided into normal group, model group, Houpu Wenzhongtang combined decoction group and simgle decoction group. Rats in the normal group were given distilled water by intragastric administration, rats in the other three groups were given cold vinegar at 4 ℃ in the morning and refined lard in the afternoon for 10 days (the dosage of 10 mL·kg-1). After the model was successfully established, rats in the combined decoction group and the single decoction group were given corresponding decoction with dosage of 1.8 g·kg-1 (according to the amount of crude drugs), once a day for 7 days. Ultra-high liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS) technique was used to analyze the small molecular endogenous metabolites in urine. Orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) and principal component analysis (PCA) were used to compare the changes of differential metabolites among the normal group, model group, Houpu Wenzhongtang combined decoction group and single decoction group, and the differential metabolites were introduced into Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) for metabolic pathway analysis. Result:Compared with the model group, the Houpu Wenzhongtang combined decoction group and single decoction group jointly regulated 13 potential biomarkers, including phosphatidylcholine(PC), lysophosphatidic acid(LysoPA) and cholic acid, etc. They played a role in treating deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach by influencing metabolic pathways such as glycerophospholipid metabolism, glycerolipid metabolism, phosphatidylinositol signaling system and so on. The combined decoction and single decoction of Houpu Wenzhongtang could obviously restore the body weight, motilin and gastrin contents of rats with deficiency-cold of spleen and stomach to normal levels. Conclusion:According to biochemical indexes, there is no obvious difference between combined decoction and single decoction of Houpu Wenzhongtang, but according to metabonomics, the combined decoction may be slightly better than the single decoction. The research shows that it is feasible to replace traditional decoction with single dispensing granule of Houpu Wenzhongtang in clinical application.

13.
China Pharmacy ; (12): 939-944, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-820841

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE:To estab lish the quality standard of Tetrastigma hemsleyanum stem and leaves dispensing granules , and to determine the contents of 5 active ingredients simultaneously. METHODS : Chlorogenic acid , isoorientin and isoorientin-2′-O-rhamnoside in T. hemsleyanum stem and leaves dispensing granules were identified by TLC. The total flavonoids of the 3 batches granules were determined by UV spectrophotometry (by isoorientin ). The granule sizes ,moisture contents , dissolvability,and content uniformity were determined. Using isoorientin as internal reference ,relative correction factors of other components were established. QAMS method was adopted to determine the contents of neochlorogenic acid ,chlorogenic acid , orientin,isoorientin and isoorientin- 2′-O-rhamnoside,which were compared with the results of ESM method. RESULTS :TLC spots of chlorogenic acid ,isoorientin and isoorientin- 2′-O-rhamnoside were clear and well-separated ,without interference from negative control. The linear range of isoorientin were 7.73-61.82 μ g/mL(r=0.999 9). RSDs of precision ,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 2%. The recoveries were 93.75%-97.85%(RSD=1.41%,n=6). The average percentages that the 3 batches granules could not pass through sieve No. 1 - moisture contents were 4.63%,5.18% and 4.03%(n=3). were dissolved within 5 min ,and content uniformity were 4.8%-5.0%. Which were all in line with the relevant provi-sions of granules in 2015 edition of Chinese Pharmacopoeia . The linear range of 5 ingredients were 2.325-93 μg/mL(r=0.999 9),5.125-205 μg/mL(r=0.999 9),1.150- 46 μg/mL(r=0.999 3),2.625-105 μg/mL(r=0.999 9),4.725-189 μg/mL(r=0.999 9),respectively. RSD of precision ,stability and reproducibility tests were all lower than 3%. The recoveries were 99.78%-106.13%(RSD=2.33%,n=6),95.07%-103.32% (RSD=2.72%,n=6),97.17%-105.43%(RSD=2.98%,n=6),95.52%-101.33%(RSD=2.46%,n=6),99.42%-105.56% (RSD=2.34%,n=6). Using isoorientin as internal reference ,relative correction factors of neochlorogenic acid ,chlorogenic acid , isoorientin and isoorientin- 2′-O-rhamnoside were 0.731,0.805,0.821,0.590,respectively. The contents were 0.828-1.123, 2.379-3.118,0.281-0.880,1.039-1.393,2.121-3.209 mg/g by QAMS method ,while the contents were 0.803-1.099,2.345-3.085, 0.269-0.872,1.309-1.393,2.113-3.201 mg/g by ESM method ,there was no significant difference in the content determination results between QAMS and ESM method (P>0.05). CONCLUSIONS :Established quality standard is simple and rapid ,and can be used for quality control of T. hemsleyanum stem and leaves dispensing granules. Established QAMS method is accurate and efficient,and it can be used for simultaneous determination of 5 active ingredients of T. hemsleyanum stem and levels dispensing granules.

14.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 860-867, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851332

ABSTRACT

Objective: To prepare standard decoction of Alismatis Rhizoma (AR) and establish its quality evaluation system, and provide reference for the development of dispensing granules of AR. Methods: A total of 18 batches of AR decoction pieces were collected to prepare standard decoction of AR according to the standard process. Quality evaluation system of standard decoction of AR was established with pH value, dry extract rate, fingerprint similarity and transfer rate of alisol B 23-acetate as indexes. Results: The mass fraction of alisol B 23-acetate in AR decoction pieces was 0.057%—0.267% with the average value of 0.156%, water content was 9.2%—12.8% with the average value of 10.44%; the pH value of standard decoction of AR was 4.11—5.60, dry extract rate was 10.25%—17.09%; transfer rate of alisol B 23-acetate from decoction pieces to standard decoction was 10.49%—17.49%. Conclusion: The established quality evaluation method is stable and feasible, which is suitable for the development and quality evaluation of standard decoction of AR, which can provide reference for the development of dispensing granules of AR and related classic formulas.

15.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 3058-3064, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-851014

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish HPLC and multiple components determination method of Sarcandrae Herba Dispensing Granules (SHDG), in order to compare the difference of the quality in various SHDG samples and provide an effective method to ensure the quality of SHDG. Methods: HPLC-UV method was used to establish the characteristic chromatogram of SHDG, and acetonitrile-0.2% formic acid solution was used as the mobile phase with the gradient elution. The common peaks were identified by comparison with the reference standards and HPLC-Q/TOF. At the same time, the method for simultaneous determination of chlorogenic acid, isofraxidin, and rosmarinic acid was established with the same approach. Chemometrics software Chempattern was employed to analyze the data. Through cluster analysis and principal component analysis, different preparations from different manufacturers and different batches from the same manufacturer were classified, and the main components causing the differences were clarified. Results: The SHDG fingerprint was established to confirm and identify seven characteristic peaks, namely, neochlorgenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, caffeic acid, isofraxidin, rosmarinic acid-4-O-β-D-glucoside, and rosmarinic acid. The main chromatographic peaks of SHDG can be completely separated within 55 min. There was a good linear relationship between the peak area and concentration of chlorogenic acid, isofraxidin, and rosmarinic acid. The average recovery rates were 98.92% (RSD 1.54%), 98.20% (RSD 1.12%), and 99.58% (RSD 1.12%), respectively. The chlorogenic acid content of 18 batches of samples was 0.33-1.39 mg/g, the content of isocyanidine was 1.31-2.74 mg/g, and the content of rosmarinic acid was 1.11-4.54 mg/g. The similarity between 18 batches of samples and the common mode was 0.688-0.992. There were certain differences in the content of chlorogenic acid, isofraxidin, rosmarinic acid in the SHDG of various batches and manufacturers. Conclusion: The proposed specific HPLC characteristic chromatogram and quantitation method of three components for SHDG offered more comprehensive reference for quality control of the crude drug.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 153-159, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802080

ABSTRACT

Objective: To establish a quality control method of standard decoction of Aurantti Fructus Immaturus(AFI),and to provide reference for quality evaluation of AFI dispensing granules and other related products of AFI. Method: A total of 16 batches of AFI pieces with different quality were collected from the market,including 13 batches of Citrus aurantium and 3 batches of C. sinensis,and the standard decoction of AFI was prepared according to the standard decoction process.Transfer rate of synephrine,dry extract rate and others of the standard decoction were regarded as evaluation indicators and relative assessment are conducted. Result: Transfer rates of synephrine in 13 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. aurantium) were ranged from 35.7% to 92.7% with the average value was 61.9%;dry extract rates were varied from 20.7% to 43.8% and the average value was 28.4%;pH values were 4.48-5.32 with the average value was 4.99;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,6 common peaks were found and 3 of them were identified as naringin,hesperidin and neohesperidin.Transfer rates of synephrine in 3 batches of standard decoction of AFI(C. sinensis) were changed from 53.1% to 84.4%,and the average value was 73.2%;dry extract rates were shifted from 13.8% to 17.6% and the average value was 15.4%;pH values were 4.77-5.38 with the average value was 5.06;the HPLC fingerprint similarities were >0.9 by comparing with the corresponding control fingerprint,2 common peaks were found and one of them were identified as hesperidin. Conclusion: From the HPLC fingerprint of standard decoction of AFI,we can easily understand that the number of peaks in C. aurantium is obviously more than that of C. sinensis.This method has good precision,reproducibility and stability,it is suitable for quality evaluation for related products of AFI.Simultaneously,the research provides a good reference for identifying sources of AFI.

17.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 144-149, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802044

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the dry extract rate,determination and transfer rate of maker compounds,fingerprint and others of standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Indici Flos and provide basic data for the preparation of this standard decoction and its dispensing granules by establishing 15 batches of standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Indici Flos from 5 different places. Method:The standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Indici Flos was prepared based on the traditional decoction process,the content of linarin was determined by UPLC-DAD,the transfer rate of this composition was calculated,the fingerprint was drawn,the extract powder was prepared by vacuum drying,and the dry extract rate was calculated. Result:The concentration of linarin in 15 batches of standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Indici Flos was 0.19-0.74 g·L-1,the transfer rate of linarin was 21.95%-66.23%,its average transfer rate was 37.12% with RSD of 11.8%,the pH value was 5.1-5.5,the range of dry extract rate was 24.7%-32.5%,the average dry extract rate was 27.87% with RSD of 2.4%.There were 9 major common peaks in the fingerprint and 2 peaks(No. 2 and No. 9) were confirmed,such as chlorogenic acid and linarin. Conclusion:The preparation method in this research conforms to the traditional decoction method and is stable and feasible.It can be used for the preparation and quality evaluation of standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Indici Flos.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2720-2725, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687394

ABSTRACT

Standard decoction of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is prepared by standardized process, and can be used as references to evaluate the quality of dosage forms such as decoction and dispensing granules. In order to determine the quality evaluation method for standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Flos and investigate its application, 10 batches of white chrysanthemum of Hangzhou were collected to prepare the standard decoction of white chrysanthemum of Hangzhou with standardized process parameters. Parameters such as traits, relative density, pH value, extraction ratio, transfer rate and fingerprint were selected as the indexes for quality evaluation. The established quality evaluation method for standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Flos was applied in the detection of two types of commercial Chrysanthemum dispensing granules. The results showed that the standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Flos was a clear yellow-brown aqueous solution; the relative density was 1.007-1.011; the pH value was between 5.37-5.56; the average extraction ratio was 23.6%, ranging from 19.93% to 29.69%; the average transfer ratewas 56.2% in terms of chlorogenic acid, 57.4% in terms of luteoloside and 30.6% in terms of 3,5--dicaffeoylquinic acid. Fingerprint similarity was between 0.864-0.989.The method showed good precision, stability and repeatability in fingerprint analysis, indicating reliable and representative results for standard decoction of Chrysanthemi Flos, and it can be used to evaluate and standardize other dosage forms.

19.
China Pharmacist ; (12): 1125-1128, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705684

ABSTRACT

Objective: To develop an HPLC-DAD method for the simultaneous determination of five active constituents (chlorogen-ic acid, baicalin, rutin, linarin and apigenin) in Cirsii Herba dispensing granules. Methods: The chromatographic separation was per-formed on a Thermo Hypersil BDS C18column (250 mm×4. 6 mm,5 μm) with gradient elution by 0. 1% phosphoric acid-acetonitrile as the mobile phase at the flow rate of 1. 0 ml·min-1. The detection wavelength was set at 326 nm,and the column temperature was maintained at 35 ℃. Results: Chlorogenic acid, baicalin, rutin, linarin and apigenin were linear within the range of 0. 072-1. 446 μg (r=0.999 7), 0.043-0.864 μg(r =0.999 5), 0.094 2-1.884 μg (r =0.999 7), 0.150-3.000 μg (r =0.999 8) and 0.043-0. 856 μg (r=0. 999 6), respectively. The recovery was 97. 67% , 98. 19% , 97. 92% ,98. 12% and 98. 02% , and the RSDs was 0. 82% , 0. 92% , 1. 25% , 0. 98% and 1. 17% , respectively. Conclusion: The method is accurate, convenient and reproducible in the quality control of multicomponents in Cirsii Herba dispensing granules.

20.
Chinese Traditional and Herbal Drugs ; (24): 100-108, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-852280

ABSTRACT

Objective To establish a quality evaluation system for standard decoction of salt-processed Psoraleae Fructus (PF). Methods Fifteen batches of crude drugs were collected and processed into decoction pieces with salt complied with the 2015 Edition of the Chinese Pharmacopoeia, and then the standard decoctions of salt-processed PF were prepared as freeze-dried powders. Based on the established HPLC fingerprint, seven common peaks were recognized and the main chemical constituents were identified in combination with time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Results Benzofuran glycosides and furanocoumarins turned out to be the main composition of standard decoction of salt-processed PF. The dry extract yielding rate varied from 16.31% to 20.59%, while the total contents of psoralen and isopsoralen were 1.17%—1.50% with a transfer rate ranging from 13.55% to 23.57%, and the fingerprint similarity of 15 batches of samples were all higher than 0.9. Conclusion This stable and reliable method of comprehensive quality evaluation for standard decoction of salt-processed PF may provide reference for quality control of salt-processed PF dispensing granules and related preparations.

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