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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(3): 407-420, 2024-04-24. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1553805

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer gástrico en Colombia es la segunda neoplasia más común en hombres y la cuarta en mujeres. En los últimos años se han descrito ampliamente los beneficios del abordaje laparoscópico en el cáncer gástrico frente a sangrado, recuperación postoperatoria y complicaciones, sin afectar los resultados oncológicos. Métodos. Estudio observacional retrospectivo de pacientes llevados a gastrectomía laparoscópica en la Clínica Universitaria Colombia durante un período de diez años, entre 2013 y 2023. Se describieron los resultados perioperatorios en cuanto a estancia hospitalaria, sangrado operatorio, duración del procedimiento, complicaciones, causas de reintervención y mortalidad en los primeros 30 días. Resultados. Se incluyeron 418 pacientes, 58,9 % hombres, con una edad promedio de 60,8 años. Se documentó un tiempo quirúrgico promedio de 228,7 minutos, con un sangrado de 150 ml. La media de ganglios linfáticos resecados fue de 26,1 ± 11,4. La estancia hospitalaria en promedio fue de 4 ± 4 días, y se registraron complicaciones en 104 sujetos, con una tasa promedio de 24 %, de las cuales 29 (27,4 %) obtuvieron una clasificación Clavien-Dindo IIIB. Conclusiones. La gastrectomía por laparoscopia en un centro de alto volumen y con cirujanos experimentados en Colombia, tiene resultados perioperatorios similares a lo reportado en la literatura mundial. Aún se requiere de estudios de mayor fuerza de asociación para establecer recomendaciones sobre el uso rutinario de este abordaje en patología maligna avanzada.


Introduction. Gastric cancer in Colombia is the second most common neoplasm in men and the fourth in women. In recent years, the benefits of the laparoscopic approach in gastric cancer against bleeding, postoperative recovery com and complications have been widely described, without affecting oncological results. Methods. Retrospective observational study of patients undergoing laparoscopic gastrectomy at the Clínica Universitaria Colombia over a period of ten years, between 2013 and 2023. Perioperative results were described in terms of hospital stay, operative bleeding, duration of the procedure, complications, causes of reintervention, and mortality in the first 30 days. Results. 418 patients were included, 58.9% men, with an average age of 60.88 years. An average surgical time of 228.7 minutes was documented, with a blood loss of 150 ml. The mean number of lymph nodes resected was 26.1 ± 11.4. The average hospital stay was 4 ± 4 days, and complications were recorded in 104 subjects, with an average rate of 24%, of which 29 (27.4%) obtained a Clavien-Dindo IIIB classification. Conclusions. Laparoscopic gastrectomy in a high-volume center and with experienced surgeons in Colombia has perioperative results similar to those reported in the world literature. Studies with greater strength of association are still required to establish recommendations on the routine use of this approach in advanced malignant pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications , Laparoscopy , Gastrectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Mortality , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures
2.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 60(4): 419-430, Oct.-Nov. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1527865

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for the incidence of gastric cancer. Objective: To carry out an exploratory analysis on the dietary patterns of individuals with gastric adenocarcinoma (AdG) in the Central Brazil region. Methods: This is a case-control study carried out from April 2019 to July 2022, in three reference centers for cancer treatment in Goiânia-GO. The cases were patients diagnosed with AdG, the control 1 dyspeptic patients submitted to upper digestive endoscopy and the control 2 patients without gastric complaints. In the three groups, patients aged 18 to 75 years and of both sexes were recruited. To assess food consumption, a Food Frequency Questionnaire validated for the Brazilian population was used. Dietary patterns were identified by Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), using principal component analysis as the extraction method, followed by Varimax rotation. Results: The commonality values in the EFA for the foods/food groups consumed by the cases and controls were above 0.30 for all variables. The variance explained by the model was 66.7% for cases, 60.3% for control 1 and 59.7% for control 2. Three eating patterns were identified in cases, control 1 and control 2 that explained 34, 87%, 35.41% and 33.25% respectively of the total variance. The first pattern ("healthy") was characterized by the consumption of vegetables, fruits, meat and cheese; the second ("unhealthy") for sausages, pizzas, snacks, ketchup, sweet drinks and instant noodles and the third ("prudent") rice, beans, meat and fried fish and pasta. Conclusion: This study identified three dietary patterns among patients with AdG and controls in the Central Brazil region. According to the identified patterns, it will be possible to establish a relationship between diet and other epidemiological measures aimed at the prevention of gastric cancer.


RESUMO Contexto: A dieta é um dos fatores de risco modificáveis mais importante para a incidência de câncer gástrico. Objetivo: Realizar uma análise exploratória sobre os padrões alimentares de indivíduos com adenocarcinoma gástrico (AdG) na região Brasil central. Métodos: Este é um estudo de caso-controle realizado no período de abril de 2019 a julho de 2022, em três centros de referência para o tratamento para câncer em Goiânia-GO. Os casos foram pacientes diagnosticados com AdG, o controle 1 pacientes dispépticos submetidos a endoscopia digestiva alta e o controle 2 pacientes sem queixas gástricas. Nos três grupos foram recrutados pacientes de 18 a 75 anos e de ambos os sexos. Para avaliar o consumo alimentar foi utilizado um Questionário de Frequência Alimentar validado para a população brasileira. Os padrões alimentares foram identificados por Análise Fatorial Exploratória (AFE), utilizando a análise de componentes principais como método de extração, seguida pela rotação Varimax. Resultados: Os valores de comunalidade na AFE para os alimentos/grupos alimentares consumidos pelos casos e controles ficaram acima de 0,30 para todas as variáveis. A variância explicada pelo modelo foi de 66,7%, para casos, 60,3% para o controle 1 e 59,7% para o controle 2. Foram identificados três padrões alimentares nos casos, controle 1 e controle 2 que explicaram 34,87%, 35,41% e 33,25% respectivamente da variância total. O primeiro padrão ("saudável") foi caracterizado pelo consumo de vegetais, frutas, carne e queijos; o segundo ("não saudável") por embutidos, pizzas, snacks, ketchup, bebidas doces e macarrão instantâneo e o terceiro ("prudente") arroz, feijão, carnes e peixes fritos e massas. Conclusão: Esse estudo identificou três padrões alimentares entre os pacientes com AdG e os controles na região Brasil central. De acordo com os padrões identificados, será possível estabelecer uma relação entre a dieta e outras medidas epidemiológicas destinadas à prevenção do câncer gástrico.

3.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 38(3): 447-458, Mayo 8, 2023. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1438422

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El diagnóstico adecuado de los tumores de la unión esofagogástrica es esencial para el tratamiento de estos pacientes. La clasificación propuesta por Siewert-Stein define las características propias, factores de riesgo y estrategias quirúrgicas según la localización. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir las características de los pacientes con adenocarcinoma de la unión esofagogástrica tratados en nuestra institución. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo, de corte longitudinal, que incluyó los pacientes con diagnóstico de adenocarcinoma de la unión esofagogástrica intervenidos quirúrgicamente en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología, Bogotá, D.C., Colombia, entre enero de 2012 y mayo de 2017. Resultados. Se operaron 59 pacientes (84,7 % hombres), con una edad media de 62,5 años. En su orden de frecuencia los tumores fueron tipo II (57,6 %), tipo III (30,7 %) y tipo I (11,9 %). El 74,6 % recibieron neoadyuvancia y se realizó gastrectomía total en el 73 % de los pacientes. La concordancia diagnóstica moderada con índice Kappa fue de 0,56, difiriendo con la endoscópica en 33,9 %. El 10,2 % de los pacientes presentó algún tipo de complicación intraoperatoria. La supervivencia a tres años en los tumores tipo II fue del 89,6 % y del 100 % en aquellos con respuesta patológica completa. Conclusión. Es necesario el uso de diferentes estrategias para un proceso diagnóstico adecuado en los tumores de la unión esofagogástrica. En esta serie, los pacientes Siewert II, aquellos que recibieron neoadyuvancia y los que obtuvieron una respuesta patológica completa, tuvieron una mejor supervivencia a tres años


Introduction: Proper diagnosis of gastroesophageal junction tumors is essential for the treatment of these patients. The classification proposed by Siewert-Stein defines its own characteristics, risk factors and surgical strategies according to the location. This study describes the characteristics of patients with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction treated at our institution. Methods. Retrospective, descriptive, longitudinal study, which includes patients diagnosed with adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction who underwent surgery at the National Cancer Institute in Bogotá, Colombia, between January 2012 and May 2017. Results. Fifty-nine patients (84.7% men) were operated on, with a mean age of 62.5 years. In their order of frequency, the tumors were type II (57.6%), type III (30.7%) and type I (11.9%). 74.6% received neoadjuvant therapy and total gastrectomy was performed in 73% of the cases. The moderate diagnostic concordance with the Kappa index was 0.56, differing from the endoscopic one in 33.9%. 10.2% of the patients presented some type of intraoperative complication. Three-year survival in type II tumors was 89.6% and 100% in those with complete pathologic response. Conclusion. The use of different strategies is necessary for an adequate diagnostic process in tumors of the esophagogastric junction. In this series, Siewert II patients, those who received neoadjuvant therapy, and those who obtained a complete pathological response had a better three-year survival


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagogastric Junction , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival , Classification
4.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 56(1): 68-74, 20230401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426703

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La úlcera gástrica perforada es la complicación ulcerativa más frecuente después del sangrado y la más grave de todas. A medida que se desarrolla el proceso inflamatorio la lesión gástrica evoluciona pasando por los siguientes estadíos: gastritis superficial, gastritis atrófica crónica, metaplasia intestinal, displasia y finalmente cáncer. En este proceso de evolución natural de la enfermedad radica la importancia de realizar una biopsia durante el abordaje quirúrgico de la úlcera gástrica perforada. Objetivos: Determinar la prevalencia de neoplasia en úlceras gástrica perforada en el servicio de Cirugía General del Hospital Central del Instituto de Previsión Social en el periodo 2015-2020. Materiales y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal con datos retrospectivos. Resultados: Se incluyeron 50 pacientes sometidos a cirugía por úlcera gástrica perforada. El promedio de edad fue 67,1 ±17,1 años, el 60% correspondían al sexo masculino; en el 94% se realizó reavivamiento de bordes y en el 6% antrectomía. Con respecto al diagnóstico anatomopatológico, en el 90% se confirmó proceso infamatorio, la prevalencia de neoplasia fue del 6% y en el total de los pacientes postoperados por úlcera gástrica perforada se constató un 46% de mortalidad. Conclusión: La prevalencia de neoplasia fue mínima en los pacientes sometidos a cirugía por úlcera gástrica perforada. Se identificó un alto porcentaje de mortalidad en los pacientes postoperados por úlcera gástrica perforada. El promedio de edad fue 67,1 años y predominó el sexo masculino. El procedimiento quirúrgico más frecuente fue el reavivamiento de bordes y el diagnóstico anatomopatológico más prevalente fue proceso inflamatorio.


Introduction: Perforated gastric ulcer is the most frequent ulcerative complication after bleeding and the most serious of all; as inflammation progresses, gastric lesion evolves, beginning with superficial gastritis, then chronic atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia, dysplasia, and finally cancer; hence the importance of performing a biopsy in the surgical approach of perforated gastric ulcer. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of neoplasia in perforated gastric ulcers in the General Surgery service of the Hospital Central del Instituto de Previsión Social in the period 2015-2020. Materials and methods: An observational descriptive cross-sectional study with retrospective data was carried out. Results: 50 patients who underwent surgery for perforated gastric ulcer were included. The average age was 67.1 ± 17.1 years, 60% were male; 94% underwent edge revival and 6% antrectomy. Regarding the anatomopathological diagnosis, 90% confirmed the inflammatory process, the prevalence of neoplasia was 6%, and in the total number of postoperative patients for perforated gastric ulcer, 46% mortality was confirmed. Conclusion: The average age was 67.1 years and the male sex predominated. The most frequent surgical procedure was edge revival and the most prevalent pathological diagnosis was inflammatory process. The prevalence of neoplasia was minimal in patients undergoing surgery for perforated gastric ulcer. A high percentage of mortality was identified in postoperative patients for perforated gastric ulcer.


Subject(s)
Stomach Ulcer , Neoplasms , General Surgery , Biopsy
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 605-612, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984756

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and influencing factors of programmed death protein 1 (PD-1) monoclonal antibody rechallenge therapy in advanced gastric cancer (GC). Methods: The clinical data of patients with advanced GC who were treated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge in Henan Cancer Hospital from January 2020 to December 2021 were collected retrospectively. The progression-free survival (PFS) was defined as the time from the first or second used of anti-PD-1 treatment to the date of disease progression or the last follow-up, named PFS(1) and PFS(2), respectively. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, Cox proportional hazard model was used to analyze the influencing factors. Results: A total of 60 patients with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy were collected, the median follow-up time was 12.2 months. The median progression-free survival (PFS(2)) of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 2.9 months, the objective response rate (ORR) was 16.7%, and the disease control rate (DCR) was 55.0%. The median PFS(2) of the first and second anti-PD-1 identical and different rechallenge treatment was 3.5 months and 1.9 months (P=0.007) respectively. The median PFS(2) of positive PD-L1 expression in rechallenge therapy was 3.4 months, ORR was 22.7%, and DCR was 63.6%; the median PFS(2) was 4.5 months, ORR was 27.3%, and DCR was 54.5% in patients with median PFS(1)≥6 months. Multivariate analysis showed that peritoneal metastasis was independently associated with anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy with PFS(2) (HR=2.327, 95% CI, 1.066-5.082, P=0.034). The incidence of adverse reactions in grade 1-2 and grade 3-4 of anti-PD-1 rechallenge therapy was 83.3%, and 35.0%, respectively, and the safety was controllable. Conclusion: Rechallenge therapy with anti-PD-1 is a feasible treatment in advanced GC, but the screening of suitable population for rechallenge therapy still needs prospective data analysis and verification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Prospective Studies , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy/adverse effects
6.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Endoscopy ; (12): 293-297, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995384

ABSTRACT

Objective:To assess the diagnostic efficacy of upper gastrointestinal endoscopic image assisted diagnosis system (ENDOANGEL-LD) based on artificial intelligence (AI) for detecting gastric lesions and neoplastic lesions under white light endoscopy.Methods:The diagnostic efficacy of ENDOANGEL-LD was tested using image testing dataset and video testing dataset, respectively. The image testing dataset included 300 images of gastric neoplastic lesions, 505 images of non-neoplastic lesions and 990 images of normal stomach of 191 patients in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from June 2019 to September 2019. Video testing dataset was from 83 videos (38 gastric neoplastic lesions and 45 non-neoplastic lesions) of 78 patients in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from November 2020 to April 2021. The accuracy, the sensitivity and the specificity of ENDOANGEL-LD for image testing dataset were calculated. The accuracy, the sensitivity and the specificity of ENDOANGEL-LD in video testing dataset for gastric neoplastic lesions were compared with those of four senior endoscopists.Results:In the image testing dataset, the accuracy, the sensitivity, the specificity of ENDOANGEL-LD for gastric lesions were 93.9% (1 685/1 795), 98.0% (789/805) and 90.5% (896/990) respectively; while the accuracy, the sensitivity and the specificity of ENDOANGEL-LD for gastric neoplastic lesions were 88.7% (714/805), 91.0% (273/300) and 87.3% (441/505) respectively. In the video testing dataset, the sensitivity [100.0% (38/38) VS 85.5% (130/152), χ2=6.220, P=0.013] of ENDOANGEL-LD was higher than that of four senior endoscopists. The accuracy [81.9% (68/83) VS 72.0% (239/332), χ2=3.408, P=0.065] and the specificity [ 66.7% (30/45) VS 60.6% (109/180), χ2=0.569, P=0.451] of ENDOANGEL-LD were comparable with those of four senior endoscopists. Conclusion:The ENDOANGEL-LD can accurately detect gastric lesions and further diagnose neoplastic lesions to help endoscopists in clinical work.

7.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 238-252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969830

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore whether hsa_circ_0000670 promotes the progression of gastric cancer by regulating the miR-515-5p/SIX1 molecular axis. Methods: The gastric cancer and adjacent normal tissues of 35 gastric cancer patients admitted to Rugao Hospital Affiliated to Nantong University from 2014 to 2015 were collected. The expression levels of circ_0000670, miR-515-5p and Sine oculis homeobox 1 (SIX1) in gastric cancer tissues and cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and western blot. The correlations between circ_0000670 and miR-515-5p, miR-515-5p and SIX1, circ_0000670 and SIX1 were analyzed by the Pearson method. Patients were divided into low circ_0000670 expression group (17 cases) and high circ_0000670 expression group (18 cases) based on the median of circ_0000670 expression level, and Kaplan-Meier was used to analyze the 5-year survival of patients. Cell proliferation was assessed via clone formation assay. Cell cycle and apoptosis were detected by flow cytometry. Wound healing and Transwell assays were used to detect cell migration and invasion ability. The targeting relationship between miR-515-5p and circ_0000670 or SIX1 was confirmed by the dual luciferase reporter assay. Nude mice were injected into HGC-27 cells transfected with sh-NC or sh-circ_0000670, and the volume and weight of the transplanted tumor were measured, also, the levels of circ_0000670, miR-515-5p and SIX1 in the transplanted tumor tissue were detected. Results: The expression levels of circ_0000670 and SIX1 in gastric cancer tissues and cell lines were significantly increased (P<0.05), while the expression levels of miR-515-5p were significantly decreased (P<0.05). The survival rate of patients in the low circ_0000670 expression group (82.4%) was significantly higher than that in the high circ_0000670 expression group (28.7%, P=0.034). Circ_0000670 was negatively correlated with miR-515-5p (r=-0.846, P<0.001), and miR-515-5p was negatively correlated with SIX1 (r=-0.615, P<0.001), but circ_0000670 was positively correlated with SIX1 (r=0.814, P<0.001). Transfection of si-circ_0000670 or miR-515-5p mimic could significantly reduce the number of clone-forming cells, migration distance, migration and invasion cells (P<0.05), and increase the ratio of G(0)/G(1) phase cells, apoptosis rate and the protein level of E-cadherin (P<0.05), decreased the proportion of S-phase cells and the protein level of Vimentin (P<0.05). The dual luciferase report assay confirmed that circ_0000670 could target miR-515-5p, and miR-515-5p could bind to SIX1. Co-transfection of si-circ_0000670 and miR-515-5p inhibitor could significantly attenuate the effects of si-circ_0000670 on cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and apoptosis (P<0.05). Co-transfection of miR-515-5p mimic and pcDNA-SIX1 could significantly reduce the effects of miR-515-5p mimic on cell proliferation, migration, invasion, cell cycle and apoptosis (P<0.05). Compared with the sh-NC group [volume=(596.20±125.46) mm(3) and weight=(538.00±114.39) g], the volume and weight of transplanted tumors in the sh-circ_0000670 group [volume=(299.20±47.58) mm 3 and weight=(289.80±48.73 g)] were significantly reduced (P<0.05), the expression levels of circ_0000670 and SIX1 were significantly reduced (P<0.05), and the expression level of miR-515-5p was significantly increased (P<0.05). Conclusion: Knockdown of circ_0000670 could inhibit cell proliferation, migration, invasion of gastric cancer cells, induce cell cycle arrest in G(0)/G(1) phase and promote cell apoptosis by regulating the miR-515-5p/SIX1 axis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Cell Cycle , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics
8.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 257-262, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989554

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effects of knocking down glycine cleavage system H protein (GCSH) on proliferation, apoptosis, oxidative stress and migration of gastric cancer SNU-1 cells in vitro. Methods:SNU-1 cells were cultured in vitro and divided into control group (no transfection) , negative control group (transfection of negative control siRNA) and GCSH knockdown group (transfection of GCSH siRNA) . Quantitative PCR was used to detect the knockdown effect. Immunofluorescence was used to observe the morphology of cells in each group. CCK-8 was used to test the proliferation of SNU-1 cells. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis and oxidative stress level, and scratch test was used to detect the cell migration. Results:Quantitative PCR experiment showed that the relative expression levels of GCSH in the control group, negative control group and GCSH knockdown group were 1.29±0.16, 1.36±0.17 and 0.32±0.04, respectively ( F=90.32, P<0.001) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.497) . Compared to the negative control group, the GCSH knockdown group was significantly decreased ( P<0.001) . Immunofluorescence experiment showed no significant difference in the morphology of cells among the groups. The CCK-8 experiment results showed that the cell proliferation activities of the control group, negative control group and GCSH knockdown group were 2.63±0.12, 2.61±0.14, 2.45±0.14, respectively ( F=6.35, P=0.005) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.751) , and the GCSH knockdown group significantly decreased compared to the negative control group ( P=0.011) . The results of flow cytometry showed that the early stage apoptosis rates of SNU-1 cells in the control group, negative control group and GCSH knockdown group were (13.38±0.45) %, (12.86±0.65) %, (20.04±3.61) %, respectively ( F=15.37, P<0.001) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.559) . Compared to the negative control group, the GCSH knockdown group significantly increased ( P=0.002) . The late stage apoptosis rates of the three groups were (2.21±0.25) %, (2.68±0.45) %, (5.67±1.67) %, respectively ( F=18.24, P<0.001) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.356) . Compared to the negative control group, the GCSH knockdown group showed a significant increase ( P=0.024) . The reactive oxygen species positive rates in the control group, negative control group and GCSH knockdown group were (26.98±8.79) %, (28.27±5.63) %, (48.41±0.94) %, respectively ( F=22.56, P<0.001) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.950) . Compared to the negative control group, the GCSH knockdown group significantly increased ( P<0.001) . The cell migration rates of the control group, negative control group and GCSH knockdown group were (48.29±5.79) %, (51.66±2.29) %, (14.01±1.56) %, respectively ( F=148.80, P<0.001) . There was no significant difference between the control group and negative control group ( P=0.328) . Compared with the negative control group, the GCSH knockdown group significantly decreased ( P<0.001) . Conclusion:Knock down of GCSH gene can inhibit the proliferation and migration, increase cell apoptosis rate and oxidative stress of SNU-1 cells in vitro. GCSH gene may be a potential target for the treatment of gastric cancer.

9.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 37(4): 355-361, oct.-dic. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1423831

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: la infección por Helicobacter pylori tiene una alta prevalencia y distribución a nivel mundial. Por su asociación con el desarrollo de adenocarcinoma gástrico, las actualizaciones sobre su prevalencia son de interés para el médico internista o gastroenterólogo, así como para la generación de políticas públicas. Este estudio midió la prevalencia de H. pylori y evaluó su asociación con hallazgos endoscópicos e histopatológicos en adultos con indicación de endoscopia de vías digestivas altas (EVDA). Metodología: estudio de cohorte analítica para describir la prevalencia de H. pylori y evaluar factores de riesgo asociados a esta infección en pacientes adultos sometidos a EVDA ambulatoria por cualquier indicación médica en la unidad de endoscopia de un hospital universitario de cuarto nivel de complejidad entre junio y diciembre de 2020. Se describen hallazgos endoscópicos, histopatológicos y la prevalencia de H. pylori. Para explorar los factores de riesgo se usó la prueba chi cuadrado (χ2) para evaluar diferencias en las proporciones y las pruebas t de Student y U de Mann-Whitney para las variables continuas según su distribución. Resultados: 613 pacientes cumplieron los criterios de selección y fueron incluidos en el análisis. La indicación más frecuente de EVDA fue dispepsia. La prevalencia de H. pylori fue de 38,5% (intervalo de confianza [IC] 95%: 34,7%-42,4%). Conclusión: H. pylori es un tema de gran interés en las patologías gastrointestinales. La búsqueda endoscópica debe ser en el antro y cuerpo. Su presencia fue mayor en pacientes con esófago normal, gastritis nodular folicular, úlcera duodenal e inflamación aguda al estudio histológico. Se requieren más estudios que complementen el comportamiento epidemiológico local.


Abstract Introduction: Helicobacter pylori infection has a high prevalence and distribution worldwide. Due to its association with the development of gastric adenocarcinoma, updates on its prevalence are of interest to the internist or gastroenterologist and policymaking. This study measured the prevalence of H. pylori and evaluated its association with endoscopic and histopathological findings in adults with an indication for upper GI endoscopy (EGD). Materials and methods: This analytical cohort study describes the prevalence of H. pylori and assesses risk factors associated with this infection in adult patients undergoing outpatient EGD for any medical indication in the endoscopy unit of a quaternary care university hospital between June and December 2020. Endoscopic and histopathological findings and the prevalence of H. pylori are described. To explore the risk factors, the chi-square (χ2) test was used to evaluate differences in proportions and the Student's t and Mann-Whitney U tests for continuous variables according to their distribution. Results: 613 patients met the selection criteria and were included in the analysis. The most frequent indication for EGD was dyspepsia. The prevalence of H. pylori was 38.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 34.7-42.4%). Conclusion: H. pylori is a topic of great interest in gastrointestinal pathologies. The endoscopic search should take place in the antrum and body. Its presence was most common in patients with a normal esophagus, follicular nodular gastritis, duodenal ulcer, and acute inflammation upon the histological study. More studies are required to complement the local epidemiological behavior.

10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(3): 421-427, July-Sept. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403497

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Endoscopic treatment of precancerous lesions and early gastric cancer has been widely accepted in recent years. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), following established indication criteria, can lead to cure of the disease in more than 90% of cases. Objective: This study aimed to analyze the use of ESD in patients with early gastric cancer and precancerous lesions, as well as the results of the procedure, its complications and effectiveness in controlling the disease. Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study composed of 41 patients aged from 53 to 87 years (mean age: 65 years; 58.53% male) who were analyzed from 2008 to 2019. The variables collected from the medical records were: comorbidities, classification of the lesion regarding resection criteria, type of resection, histology, degree of invasion, resection margin, complications, disease recurrence. Statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test, the McNemar's test, and the Mann-Whitney test, with 5% statistical significance (P<0.05). Results: The most frequent site of the lesion was the gastric antrum and the predominant presentation by the Japanese or Paris classification was the one with depressed components in 56.09%. Adenocarcinoma occurred in 75.6% of the biopsies, and the remainder were adenomas without neoplasia. En-bloc resection occurred in 97.57% of cases, and compromise of the safety margin occurred in one patient. The main pre-existing comorbidity was liver cirrhosis in 29.26% of cases. There was a significant increase in post- ESD adenocarcinoma compared to pre-resection diagnosis. The mean follow-up time was 38.4 months, with one recurrence (2.43%) and two metachronous lesions (4.87%). Complications during and after the procedure occurred in three patients (7.31%), being due to bleeding (two cases) and perforation (one case). There was one death due to a cardiac event not directly related to the procedure. Conclusion: Endoscopic submucosal dissection proved to be a safe procedure, with a low complication and recurrence rate. Its recommendation must occur within the established criteria; however, it can be indicated for patients outside the criteria, if there is a high risk for surgical treatment.


RESUMO Contexto: O tratamento endoscópico das lesões pré-cancerosas e do câncer gástrico precoce tem sido amplamente aceito nos últimos anos. A dissecção endoscópica da submucosa (submucosectomia), obedecendo a critérios estabelecidos de indicação, pode levar a cura da doença em mais de 90% dos casos. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o uso da dissecção submucosa endoscópica em pacientes com câncer gástrico precoce e lesões pré-cancerosas, bem como os resultados do procedimento, suas complicações e eficácia no controle da doença. Métodos: Foram analisados 41 pacientes, com idade variando de 53 a 87 anos (média de 65 anos), sendo 58,53% do sexo masculino, no período de 2008 a 2019, sendo este estudo do tipo coorte retrospectivo. As variáveis coletadas dos prontuários foram: comorbidades, classificação da lesão quanto aos critérios de ressecção, tipo de ressecção, histologia, grau de invasão, margem de resseção, complicações, recidiva de doença. A análise estatística foi feita com o uso do teste de Kruskal-Wallis, teste de McNemar e teste de Mann-Whitney, com significância estatística de 5% (P<0,05). Resultados: O local mais frequente da lesão foi o antro gástrico e a apresentação predominante pela classificação japonesa ou de Paris foram os com componentes deprimidos em 56,09%. O adenocarcinoma ocorreu em 75,6% das biópsias e o restante foram adenomas sem neoplasia. A ressecção em bloco ocorreu em 97,57% dos casos, e o comprometimento da margem de segurança ocorreu em um paciente. A principal comorbidade pré-existente foi a cirrose hepática em 29,26% dos casos. Houve um aumento significativo de adenocarcinoma após dissecção endoscópica da submucosa em comparação ao diagnóstico pré ressecção. O tempo médio de seguimento foi de 38,4 meses, sendo registrado uma recidiva (2,43%) e duas lesões metacrônicas (4,87%). As complicações durante e após o procedimento ocorreram em 3 (7,31%) pacientes, sendo por sangramento (dois casos) e perfuração (um caso). Houve um óbito por evento cardiológico, não relacionado diretamente com o procedimento. Conclusão: A ressecção endoscópica da submucosa mostrou ser procedimento seguro, com baixa taxa de complicação e de recidiva. A sua indicação deve ser dentro dos critérios estabelecidos, entretanto, pode ser indicada em pacientes fora de critérios, se há alto risco para o tratamento cirúrgico.

11.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 26(1): 39-96, ene.-mar. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407971

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Generar recomendaciones basadas en la evidencia, para la prevención primaria y secundaria, el tratamiento de las lesiones preneoplásicas y el diagnóstico temprano del cáncer gástrico en población adulta, con el propósito de reducir la carga de la enfermedad. Materiales y métodos: El grupo desarrollador estuvo integrado por profesionales de la salud y tomadores de decisiones. Se construyeron preguntas clínicas contestables y se realizó la graduación de los desenlaces. Se elaboró la búsqueda de la información en MEDLINE; EMBASE y CENTRAL, siendo actualizada el 18 de octubre de 2018. La pesquisa también abarcó otras fuentes de información como la Revista Colombiana de Gastroenterología y la lectura en "bola de nieve" de las referencias incluidas. Se contactó a expertos en la materia con el objetivo de identificar estudios relevantes no publicados. Para la construcción de las recomendaciones, se realizó un consenso acorde con los lineamientos propuestos por la metodología GRADE, sopesando los beneficios, los efectos adversos derivados de la intervención, las preferencias de los pacientes y el potencial impacto de las intervenciones sobre los costos. Resultados: Se presenta la versión corta de la "Guía de práctica clínica para la prevención primaria, secundaria y diagnóstico temprano de cáncer gástrico", junto con su evidencia de soporte y respectivas recomendaciones. Conclusiones: Como recomendación central para la implementación, se recomienda erradicar la infección por H. pylori en los pacientes con o sin factores de riesgo, como estrategia de prevención de las condiciones precursoras de cáncer gástrico. La Guía deberá actualizarse en tres años.


Abstract Objetive: Generate recommendations for primary and secondary prevention, treatment of gastric preneoplastic lesions, and early diagnosis of gastric cancer in the adult population, to increase the detection of gastric cancer in early stages. Material and methods: The developer group was made up of health professionals, decision-makers, and a representative of the patients. Answerable clinical questions were constructed and outcomes were graded. The search for information in MEDLINE was carried out; EMBASE and CENTRAL, being updated on October 18, 2018. The search also covered other sources of information such as the Colombian Journal of Gastroenterology and the "snowball" reading of the references included. Experts in the field were contacted to identify studies. For the construction of the recommendations, a consensus was made according to the guidelines proposed by the GRADE methodology, weighing the benefits, the adverse effects derived from the intervention, the preferences of the patients, and the potential impact of the interventions on costs. Results: The short version of the "Clinical practice guidelines for the primary, secondary, and early diagnosis of gastric cancer" is presented together with its supporting evidence and respective recommendations. Conclusions: As a central recommendation for implementation, it is recommended to eradicate H. pylori infection in patients with or without risk factors in whom it is detected to prevent gastric cancer precursor conditions. The Guide will need to be updated in three years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Prevention , Stomach Neoplasms , Consensus , Precancerous Conditions , Risk Factors , Costs and Cost Analysis , Early Diagnosis , Secondary Prevention
12.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181069, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374570

ABSTRACT

Abstract Stomach cancer is the second leading cause of death by cancer worldwide and is even more pronounced in South America. In Brazil, it is estimated that an increase in the number of cases due to this cancer occurred in the biennium 2018-2019. In this study, we investigated the expenditures of the State Health Department of Goiás on hospitalizations and treatment of gastric cancer for the Unified Health System (SUS) from 2008-2016. This is a cross-sectional, descriptive, and analytical study based on secondary data from the Unified Health System computing department (DATASUS) and the System of Management of the Table of Procedures, Medications, Orthosis, Prosthesis, and Special Materials of SUS through CONECTA-SUS related to International Classification of Diseases-10/C16 (ICD-10/C16) procedures for gastric neoplasms. A total of I$ 5,697,958.20 was spent on gastric tumor in the last nine years in Goiás, I$ 4,492,916.67 (0.3%) on hospitalizations, and I$ 1,997,120.91 on treatment. This study presents a current and relevant estimate of the costs of gastric cancer patients in Goiás. Moreover, we provide information on the extent of the cancer issue to public health. Our analysis offers components for service management and studies that reduce resource allocation in more rational ways


Subject(s)
Stomach Neoplasms/economics , Brazil/ethnology , Health Expenditures/statistics & numerical data , Patients/classification , Therapeutics/classification , Unified Health System , Costs and Cost Analysis/statistics & numerical data , Resource Allocation/classification , Hospitalization/economics
13.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930076

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect and molecular mechanism of procyanidin on the proliferation, apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) level of gastric cancer cell line SNU-1 in vitro. Methods:SNU-1 cells were divided into control group and 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups. The effect of procyanidin on the proliferation of SNU-1 cells was detected by CCK-8 assay. The apoptosis level and ROS positive rate of cells were detected by flow cytometry, and 2 mmol/L glutathione was added to SNU-1 cells added with 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin to detect the apoptosis level and ROS positive rate of cells. The expression of apoptosis-related protein in cells was detected by Western blotting.Results:The results of CCK-8 experiment showed that the proliferation activities of SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were 3.69±0.30, 3.29±0.41, 0.91±0.39, 0.45±0.22 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=279.84, P<0.001) . Compared with the control group, the proliferation activities of SNU-1 cells in the three procyanidin groups were significantly inhibited ( P=0.006, P<0.001, P<0.001) . The results of flow cytometry showed that the early apoptosis rates of SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were (0.00±0.00) %, (0.00±0.00) %, (0.09±0.07) % and (0.45±0.22) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=7.14, P=0.003) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P=0.003, P=0.007) . The late apoptosis rates of SNU-1 cells in the four groups were (0.00±0.00) %, (0.01±0.00) %, (6.98±0.77) % and (33.32±2.78) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=654.28, P=0.003) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . The positive rates of ROS in SNU-1 cells in the four groups were (0.02±0.01) %, (0.10±0.05) %, (1.15±0.26) % and (1.58±0.22) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=162.24, P<0.001) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups increased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . The positive rates of ROS in SNU-1 cells in the 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin group and the glutathione intervention group were (1.25±0.63) % and (0.13±0.02) % respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( t=5.39, P=0.001) . The early apoptosis rates of the two groups were (10.56±3.24) % and (2.09±0.24) % respectively, and the late apoptosis rates were (29.65±6.01) % and (23.63±1.52) % respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t=2.61, P=0.048; t=3.97, P=0.012) . The expressions of Bcl-2 protein in SNU-1 cells in the control group and the 12.5, 50.0, 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups were 1.00±0.00, 0.83±0.05, 0.60±0.14 and 0.41±0.23 respectively, with a statistically significant difference ( F=10.63, P=0.004) . The 50.0 and 200.0 μg/ml procyanidin groups decreased significantly compared with the control group ( P<0.001, P<0.001) . Conclusion:Procyanidin can inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of gastric cancer SNU-1 cells in vitro, which may be achieved by increasing intracellular ROS levels and reducing Bcl-2 protein expression.

14.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 276-281, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935211

ABSTRACT

Objective: Systematically summarize the research progress of clinical trials of gastric cancer oncology drugs and the overview of marketed drugs in China from 2012 to 2021, providing data and decision-making evidence for relevant departments. Methods: Based on the registration database of the drug clinical trial registration and information disclosure platform of Food and Drug Administration of China and the data query system of domestic and imported drugs, the information on gastric cancer drug clinical trials, investigational drugs and marketed drugs from January 1, 2012 to December 31, 2021 was analyzed, and the differences between Chinese and foreign enterprises in terms of trial scope, trial phase, treatment lines and drug type, effect and mechanism studies were compared. Results: A total of 114 drug clinical trials related to gastric tumor were registered in China from 2012 to 2021, accounting for 3.7% (114/3 041) of all anticancer drug clinical trials in the same period, the registration number showed a significant growth rate after 2016 and reached its peak with 32 trials in 2020. Among them, 85 (74.6%, 85/114) trials were initiated by Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise. Compared with foreign pharmaceutical enterprise, Chinese pharmaceutical enterprise had higher rates of phase I trials (35.3% vs 6.9%, P=0.001), but the rate of international multicenter trials (11.9% vs 67.9%, P<0.001) was relatively low. There were 76 different drugs involved in relevant clinical trials, of which 65 (85.5%) were targeted drugs. For targeted drugs, HER2 is the most common one (14 types), followed by PD-1 and multi-target VEGER. In the past ten years, 3 of 4 marketed drugs for gastric cancer treatment were domestic and included in the national medical insurance directory. Conclusions: From 2012 to 2021, China has made some progress in drug research and development for gastric carcinoma. However, compared with the serious disease burden, it is still insufficient. Targeted strengthening of research and development of investment in many aspects of gastric cancer drugs, such as new target discovery, matured target excavating, combination drug development and early line therapy promotion, is the key work in the future, especially for domestic companies.


Subject(s)
Humans , China , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Neoplasms , Pharmaceutical Preparations , United States , United States Food and Drug Administration
15.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 246-251, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935207

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the relationship between the expression of integrin α 6 (ITGA6), miR-4484 and the pathologic stage of gastric cancer. Methods: Gastric cancer tissues and normal gastric mucosa tissues adjacent to cancer (>5 cm from tumor margin) of 30 patients with primary gastric cancer who underwent direct surgical resection without adjuvant therapy from June to September 2017 in West China Hospital of Sichuan University were selected. Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used to detect the expression levels of miR-4484 and ITGA6, western blot was used to detect the expression level of ITGA6 protein, dual luciferase reporter gene was used to verify the relationship between ITGA6 and miR-4484. Spearman's correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between miR-4484 and ITGA6 expression levels in gastric cancer tissues. Results: The expression level of ITGΑ6 in gastric cancer (32.30±13.47) was higher than that in matched normal gastric tissues (24.55±10.25, P=0.015), the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was 0.660 and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 43.3% and 96.7%, respectively. The expression level of miR-4484 in gastric cancer (4.11±2.87) was lower than that of matched normal gastric tissues (5.75±2.80, P=0.029), the area under the ROC curve was 0.690 and the diagnostic sensitivity and specificity were 30.0% and 86.7%, respectively. The expression level of miR-4484 was negatively correlated with ITGA6 in gastric cancer tissues (r=-0.621, P<0.001). The expression level of ITGA6 protein in gastric cancer tissues (0.65±0.19) was higher than that in normal adjacent tissues (0.26±0.12, P<0.001). Compared with ITGA6 3'UTR wild-type+ miR-NC group, ITGA6 3'UTR wild-type+ miRNA mimics group had lower luciferase activity (50.69±5.10, 34.00±1.19, P<0.001), while the luciferase activity of ITGA6 3'UTR wild-type+ ASO miR-4484 group was higher than that of ITGA6 3'UTR wild-type+ miR-NC group (82.44±6.37, 50.69±5.10, P<0.001), indicated that ITGA6 was the direct target gene of miR-4484. The expression levels of miR-4484 in T1, T2, T3 and T4 (4a and 4b) gastric cancer tissues were 9.98±2.24, 5.28±2.03, 2.92±2.04 and 4.11±2.87, respectively, with statistical significance (P<0.001). The expression levels of ITGA6 in N0, N1, N2 and N3 gastric cancer tissues were 29.55±8.32, 21.71±3.75, 24.60±8.79 and 40.69±15.83, respectively, with statistical significance (P=0.022). The expression levels of miR-4484 in N0, N1, N2 and N3 gastric cancer tissues were 5.01±3.52, 5.48±2.76, 5.88±1.83 and 2.30±1.56, respectively, with statistical significance (P=0.032). The expression levels of ITGA6 in M0 and M1 gastric cancer tissues were 26.28±7.66 and 52.08±8.12, respectively, with statistical significance (P<0.001). The expression levels of miR-4484 in M0 and M1 gastric cancer tissues were 4.95±2.74 and 1.34±0.80, respectively, with statistical significance (P<0.001). Conclusions: ITGA6 is upregulated in gastric cancer tissues, while miR-4484 is downregulated in the gastric cancer group, and its expression level is related to the clinicopathological features of gastric cancer. ITGA6 is the direct target gene of miR-4484, implicates that miR-4484 may inhibit the invasion and metastasis of gastric cancer by regulating the expression of ITGA6. Both miR-4484 and ITGA6 may be the new prognostic markers and potential therapeutic targets of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , 3' Untranslated Regions , China , Integrin alpha6/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology
16.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 314-317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-934677

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies and is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide, constituting a serious threat to human health. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) is involved in the occurrence and development of gastric cancer at multiple levels and plays critical regulatory roles. It plays important roles in the diagnosis, treatment and prognostic assessment of gastric cancer. This review focuses on the recent research advances in the clinical applications of lncRNA in gastric cancer.

17.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 728-736, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940933

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the role and mechanism of tumor-derived mesenchymal stem cells in regulating the M2 polarization of macrophages within gastric cancer microenvironment. Methods: Gastric cancer tissues and the adjacent non-cancerous tissues were collected from patients underwent gastric cancer resection in the First People's Hospital of Lianyungang during 2018. In our study, THP-1-differentiated macrophages were co-cultured with gastric cancer-derived mesenchymal stem cells (GC-MSCs). Then, the M2 subtype-related gene, the markers expressed on cell surface and the cytokine profile were analyzed by real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), flow cytometry and Luminex liquid chip, respectively. The key cytokines mediating the inducing effect of GC-MSCs on macrophage polarization into the M2 subtype were detected and screened by Luminex liquid chip, which were further confirmed by the neutralizing antibody test. The expressions of macrophage proteins involved in M2 polarization-related signaling pathways under the different co-culture conditions of GC-MSCs were detected by western blot. Results: In Mac+ GC-MSC-culture medium (CM) group, the expression levels of Ym-1 and Fizz-1 (1.53±0.32 and 13.22±1.05, respectively), which are markers for M2 subtype, were both significantly higher than those of Mac group (1.00±0.05 and 1.21±0.38, respectively, P<0.05). The level of iNOS in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.60±0.41) was significantly lower than that of Mac group (1.06±0.38, P=0.023). In Mac+ GC-MSC-Transwell (TW) group, the expression levels of Ym-1 and Fizz-1 (1.47±0.09 and 13.16±2.77, respectively) were both significantly higher than those of Mac group (1.00±0.05 and 1.21±0.38, respectively, P<0.05). The level of iNOS in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.56±0.03) was significantly lower than that of Mac group (1.06±0.38, P=0.026). The ratios of CD163(+) /CD204(+) cells in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ GC-MSC-TW groups (3.80% and 4.40%, respectively) were both remarkably higher than that of Mac group (0.60%, P<0.05). The expression levels of IL-10, IL-6, MCP-1 and VEGF in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group were (592.60±87.52), (1 346.80±64.70), (11 256.00±29.03) and (1 463.90±66.67) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those of Mac group [(41.03±2.59), (17.35±1.79), (5 213.30±523.71) and (267.12±12.06) pg/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of TNF-α, IP-10, RANTES and MIP-1α were (95.57±9.34), (410.48±40.68), (6 967.30±1.29) and (1 538.70±283.04) pg/ml, which were significantly lower than those of Mac group [(138.01±24.31, (1 298.60±310.50), (14 631.00±4.21) and (6 633.20±1.47) pg/ml, respectively, P<0.05]. The levels of IL-6 and IL-8 in GC-MSCs [(11 185.02±2.82) and (12 718.03±370.17) pg/ml, respectively] were both strikingly higher than those of MSCs from adjacent non-cancerous gastric cancer tissues [(270.71±59.38) and (106.04±32.84) pg/ml, repectively, P<0.05]. The ratios of CD86(+) cells in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM groups (28.80% and 31.40%, respectively) were both higher than that of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (24.70%). Compared to Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (13.70%), the ratios of CD204(+) cells in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM and Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM groups (9.90% and 8.70%, separately) were reduced. The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3, which are proteins of macrophage M2 polarization-related signaling pathway, in Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, respectively) were significantly higher than those of Mac group (0.50±0.01 and 0.82±0.01, respectively, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 in Mac+ IL-6-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.47±0.02) were significantly lower those that of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in Mac+ IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.50±0.01 and 0.85±0.01, respectively) were both significantly lower than those of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, P<0.05). The expression levels of p-JAK2 and p-STAT3 in Mac+ IL-6/IL-8-blocked-GC-MSC-CM group (0.37±0.01 and 0.65±0.01, respectively) were both significantly lower than those of Mac+ GC-MSC-CM group (0.86±0.01 and 1.08±0.01, P<0.05). Conclusion: GC-MSCs promote the activation of JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway in macrophages via high secretions of IL-6 and IL-8, which subsequently induce the macrophage polarization into a pro-tumor M2 subtype within gastric cancer microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-6/genetics , Interleukin-8/pharmacology , Janus Kinase 2/metabolism , Macrophages/metabolism , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , STAT3 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Stomach Neoplasms/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment
18.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 634-666, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940928

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer (GC) is a major digestive tract malignancy in China, which seriously threatens the health of Chinese population. A large number of researches have demons-trated that screening, early detection and early treatment are effective in reducing the incidence and mortality of GC. The development of the guideline for GC screening, early detection and early treatment in line with epidemic characteristics of GC in China will greatly promote the homogeneity and standardization, and improve the effect of GC screening. This guideline was commissioned by the Bureau of Disease Control and Prevention of the National Health Commission. The National Cancer Center of China initiated and convened a working group comprising multidisciplinary experts. Following the World Health Organization Handbook for Guideline Development, this guideline combined the most up-to-date evidence of GC screening, China's national conditions, and practical experience in cancer screening. This guideline provided evidence-based recommendations with respect to the screening population, technology and procedure management, aiming to improve the effect of GC screening and provide scientific evidence for the GC prevention and control in China.


Subject(s)
Humans , Beijing , China/epidemiology , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Mass Screening , Stomach Neoplasms/prevention & control
19.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 295-299, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936078

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies, and the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer remain high in China. In recent years, with the rapid popularization of laparoscopic technology, fluorescent laparoscopic technology is increasingly getting mature, providing a new method for accurate clinical tracing of lymph nodes and prediction of tumor metastasis lymph nodes. A large number of scientific research experiments and clinical trials have shown that, laparoscopic lymph node diagnosis technology based on the fluorescent indocyanine green (ICG) can significantly improve the efficiency of lymphadenectomy and prediction accuracy of lymph node metastasis, and can reveal a more accurate scope of lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer for surgeons, so as to avoid excessive adenectomy as well as iatrogenic injuries on patients. Although the status of the technology in gastric cancer surgery mentioned above continues improving, the overall operation process details of ICG fluorescence imaging, standardized fluorescence detecting equipment, and postoperative pathological examination process still need to be further optimized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coloring Agents , Gastrectomy , Indocyanine Green , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
20.
Cancer Research and Clinic ; (6): 601-605, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-958900

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy and safety of continuous dosing or alternate-day dosing of apatinib combined with SOX regimen as first-line treatment for patients with advanced gastric cancer.Methods:A total of 52 patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) negative and inoperable locally advanced or advanced gastric cancer who were pathologically diagnosed from January 2018 to January 2021 in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shandong First Medical University were collected. The patients were divided into continuous dosing group and alternate-day dosing group by random number table method. The continuous dosing group received apatinib (250 mg, once a day) combined with SOX regimen (S-1+oxaliplatin); the alternate-day dosing group received apatinib (250 mg, once every other day) combined with SOX regimen. Twenty-one days were a cycle, and the efficacy was evaluated after 2 cycles. After 4-6 cycles, patients with stable disease received apatinib and S-1 for maintenance therapy. The therapeutic effects and adverse reactions of the two groups were compared.Results:The curative effect could be evaluated in 51 patients, including 26 in the continuous dosing group and 25 in the alternate-day dosing group. The disease control rates in the continuous dosing group and the alternate-day dosing group were 84.6% (22/26) and 76.0% (19/25) ( χ2 = 0.60, P = 0.499), and the median progression-free survival time was 7.50 months (95% CI 6.17-8.83 months) and 8.30 months (95% CI 6.99-9.61 months) ( χ2 = 0.71, P = 0.401), and the median overall survival time was 15.50 months (95% CI 11.30-19.69 months) and 15.60 months (95% CI 13.63-17.57 months) ( χ2 = 1.82, P = 0.177). The main adverse reactions in the two groups were leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, hypertension, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, hand-foot syndrome, proteinuria, liver and kidney damage. The incidence rates of ≥grade 3 adverse reactions in the continuous dosing group and the alternate-day dosing group were 42.3% (11/26) and 12.0% (3/25), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2 = 4.46, P = 0.035). Conclusions:The efficacy of continuous dosing or alternate-day dosing of apatinib combined with SOX regimen as first-line treatment for advanced gastric cancer is similar, but the incidence of ≥grade 3 adverse reactions in alternate-day dosing group is lower, which improves the compliance and tolerance of patients.

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